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HORTUS    VEITCHII 


THE     ORIGINAL     NURSERY     AT     CHELSEA 


A   HISTORY 


OP    THE 

RISE  AND  PROGRESS  OF  THE  NURSERIES  OF  MESSRS.  JAMES 

VEITCH   AND    SONS,  TOGETHER   WITH   AN   ACCOUNT 

OF      THE       BOTANICAL      COLLECTORS      AND 

HYBRIDISTS      EMPLOYED     BY     THEM 

AND    A    LIST     OF    THE     MOST 

REMARKABLE   OF    THEIR 

INTRODUCTIONS 


BY 

JAMES    H.    VEITCH 


With  fifty  3Uu0tratioit6 


Konfeon 

JAMES    VEITCH    &    SONS    LIMITED,    CHELSEA 

190G 


\/4- 


MAIN  LIBRARY  AGRK 


PREFACE 

I  AM  indebted  in  this  work  for  help  to  Mr.  Harry  J.  Veitch, 
Mr.  P.  C.  M.  Veitch,  Mr.  J.  G.  Veitch,  Dr.  Maxwell  T. 
Masters,  Editor  of  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle,  Mr.  George 
Nicholson,  the  late  Curator  of  the  Royal  Gardens,  Kew,  who 
revised  the  nomenclature  ;  to  Sir  William  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 
the  late  Director  of  Kew,  for  permission  to  photograph  various 
plants  in  the  Royal  Gardens,  and  to  Baron  Sir  Henry  Schroder 
and  other  owners  of  large  estates  for  similar  kindness ;  to 
various  members  of  the  staff,  past  and  present,  and  to  my 
assistant,  Herman  Spooner. 


721235 


INTEODUCTION 

THE  following  pages  contain  a  record  of  continuous  work  for 
over  three-quarters  of  a  century  in  the  field  of  Horticulture 
by  one  family, — work  which  justly  may  be  claimed  to  have 
permanently  benefited  every  garden. 

The  good  fortune  to  usually  find  the  right  assistants  for 
both  home  and  foreign  service,  and  the  signal  loyalty  and 
capability  of  those  selected,  largely  contributed  to  success,  and 
the  names  of  several  are  well  known  to  all  with  any  knowledge 
of  plants. 

To  the  representatives  seeking  unknown  plants  at  one 
period  or  another  in  almost  every  clime,  fortune  has  not 
invariably  been  kind,  but  the  work  of  such  men  as  Thomas 
Lobb,  William  Lobb,  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  Charles 
Maries  and  E.  H.  Wilson,  has  been  a  gain  in  every  way ; 
whilst  the  efforts  in  hybridizing  and  selecting  of  John  Dominy, 
John  Seden,  V.M.H.,  and  John  Heal,  V.M.H.,  have  given  a 
wider  interest  to  all  cultivators. 

It  would  be  strange  if  results  were  not  forthcoming  when 
such  practically  virgin  lands  as  California,  certain  parts  of 
South  America,  Japan  and  Central  China  were  offered  to 
men  of  the  calibre  of  the  Lobbs  in  the  early  forties  of  the  last 
century,  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  the  early  sixties,  and 
Wilson  but  recently  ;  or  when  such  hybridists  as  those  named 
devoted  their  life  efforts  to  the  improvement  of  many  now 
well-known  garden  plants. 

It  is  difficult  to  realize  the  gardens  of  this  and  other 

7 


INTRODUCTION 

countries  without  many  of  their  now  ordinary  inhabitants, 
yet  it  is  within  the  memory  of  living  men  that  Lilium 
a.uratum  and  .Ampelopsis  Veitchii  (Vitis  inconstans)  were 
Unknown-  t'd  :»ame  but  two  of  many  hundreds  of  plants,  and 
•knt  "sjxt  j  years  ;since  Conifers  with  certain  few  exceptions 
were  little  more  than  rarities. 

Gardening,  as  understood  to-day,  in  its  broadest  aspects, 
was  not  possible  :  the  material  was  not  available. 

The  commencement  of  the  nursery  business  of  the  firm  of 
Veitch  was  on  a  limited  scale,  but  records  exist  that  Mr.  John 
Veitch,  who  came  from  Jedburgh,  Scotland,  to  enter  the 
employ  of  Sir  Thomas  Acland  at  Killerton,  Devon,  held  land, 
presumably  for  nursery  purposes,  in  1808. 

His  work,  as  well  as  that  of  his  son  Mr.  James  Veitch  senior, 
seems  to  have  been  entirely  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Exeter. 

There  may  be  read  in  the  Cottage  Gardener  of  January  9th 
1855  the  following  notice  of  Mr.  James  Veitch,  the  son  of 
the  founder  :— 

"  The  history  of  botany  furnishes  us  with  several  instances 
of  enterprising  men,  who  devoted  a  large  measure  of  their 
means,  or  personal  enterprise,  to  the  enrichment  of  the  botani- 
cal collections  of  this  country  with  the  vegetable  products 
of  foreign  regions.  To  such  men  the  present  generation  is 
greatly  indebted ;  and  thus  it  is  that  the  names  of  the 
Tradescants,  Peter  Collinson,  Dr.  Anderson,  John  Frazer, 
James  Lee  and  the  Loddiges  are  so  familiar  to  the  minds  and 
the  memories  of  all  true  lovers  of  botanical  science. 

"  For  nearly  half  a  century,  however,  that  spirit  of  private 
enterprise  has,  except  in  a  few  instances,  given  way  to  the 
united  efforts  of  corporate  bodies  and  government  officials  ; 
and  it  was  not  till  the  bold  and  energetic  course  which  has 
been  pursued  by  a  provincial  nurseryman,  of  England  was 

8 


INTRODUCTION 

adopted,  that  a  new  era  in  botanical  discovery  was  begun 
which  has  placed  the  name  of  '  Veitch  of  Exeter '  among  the 
worthies  of  science  in  our  own  times. 

"  The  father  of  Mr.  James  Veitch  was  a  native  of  Jedburgh, 
in  Scotland,  and  towards  the  close  of  the  last  century  he  came 
to  England,  where  he  acted  for  many  years  as  land-steward 
on  the  property  of  Sir  Thomas  Acland,  at  Killerton,  and  there 
the  subject  of  the  present  notice  was  born  on  the  25th  of 
January  1792. 

"  The  success  which  attended  the  formation  of  the  Killerton 
nursery  was  so  great,  that,  in  course  of  time,  Mr.  James 
Veitch  found  the  distance  of  eight  miles  from  Exeter  disad- 
vantageous to  the  interests  of  the  establishment,  as  it  prevented 
him  from  competing  with  those  which  were  nearer  the  city  ; 
and  accordingly,  in  1832,  he  purchased  that  large  extent  of 
ground  formerly  called  Mount  Radford,  but  now  converted 
into  what  is  better  known  by  the  name  of  the  '  Exeter 
Nursery,'  an  establishment  which,  by  the  industry  and  energy 
of  Mr.  Veitch  and  his  son,  has  attained  such  a  position  as  to 
be  justly  regarded  as  the  finest  of  the  kind  ever  known  in 
England. 

"In  the  year  1837  there  were,  in  the  Killerton  nursery,  two 
young  men  named  William  and  Thomas  Lobb,  who  were 
gardeners,  and  who  were  remaining  there  with  a  view  to 
inprovement  in  their  profession. 

"In  this  same  year,  Mr.  William  Lobb  was  sent  by  Messrs. 
Veitch  as  gardener  to  Stephen  Davey,  Esq.,  of  Redruth,  in 
Cornwall,  and  after  remaining  there  for  three  years,  he  was 
appointed  by  Mr.  Veitch  to  proceed  to  the  Brazils  as  a 
botanical  collector,  and  he  accordingly  left  England  in  1840. 

"  The  singular  success  which  rewarded  his  researches  is, 
perhaps,  unparalleled  in  the  history  of  botanical  discovery  ; 

9 


INTRODUCTION 

the  labours  of  David  Douglas  not  even  forming  an  exception. 
In  the  first  parcel  sent  home  were  those  two  justly  popular 
plants,  Dipladenia  splendens  and  Hindsia  violacea  ;  and  from 
these,  down  to  the  later  arrivals,  including  the  wonderful 
Wellingtonia  gigantea,  what  a  mass  of  interest  and  beauty  has 
been  added  to  the  gardens  of  Great  Britain ! 

"  About  three  years  after  Mr.  William  Lobb  left,  his  brother, 
Thomas  Lobb,  who  was  then  in  the  Exeter  nursery,  was  sent 
by  Mr.  Veitch  to  Java,  and  the  success  which  attended  his 
efforts  were  not  short  of  that  of  his  brother. 

"  In  the  first  parcel  he  sent  home  was  that  magnificent 
orchid  Phalaenopsis  grandiflora,  not  before  known  in  England, 
Vanda  suavis,  and  numerous  others. 

"  To  enumerate  all  the  plants  that  these  gentlemen  have 
discovered,  or  which  Mr.  Veitch  has  been  the  means  of 
introducing,  would  occupy  more  space  than  we  can  afford  to 
devote  ;  but  we  shall  furnish  a  list  of  some  of  the  most  remark- 
able of  these  introductions,  showing  to  what  an  extent  the 
country  is  now  indebted  to  the  enterprise  of  Mr.  Yeitch. 

"  It  may  be  worth  recording  that  all  these  new  introductions, 
whether  in  the  shape  of  seeds  or  living  plants,  are  on  their 
arrival  taken  under  Mr.  Veitch's  care.  He  sows  all  seeds 
with  his  own  hands,  watches  and  tends  them,  and  it  is  not 
until  they  are  beyond  all  danger  that  they  are  committed  to 
the  management  of  others. 

"  In  April  1853  the  old  establishment  of  Messrs.  Knight  & 
Perry,  of  the  King's  Road,  Chelsea,  being  about  to  be  relin- 
quished, was  offered  to  Messrs.  Veitch  &  Son  of  Exeter,  who 
shortly  afterwards  became  its  possessors ;  and  now  in  this 
wonderful  establishment  may  be  seen  one  of  the  most  extensive 
and  valuable  stocks  of  exotic  plants  which  is  to  be  met  with 
in  any  private  establishment  in  this  country. 

10 


SEQUOIA     GIGANTEA 

POLTIMORE,     DEVON 


INTRODUCTION 


"  The  following  is  a  list  of  a  few  of  the  most  remarkable 
plants  introduced  to  this  country  by  Messrs.  Veitch  &  Son  : — 


Abutilon  vitifolium. 
^Brides  Lobbii. 
^Eschynanthus  Lobbiana. 

„  pulcher. 

Anectochilus  Lobbii. 
Befaria  aestuans. 

„       coarctata. 
Begonia  coccinea. 
Berberia  Darwinii. 
Bulbophyllum  Lobbii. 
Calanthe  vestita. 

„         curculigoides. 
Cantua  dependens. 
Ceratostemma  longiflora. 
Collinsia  heterophylla. 
Cryptomeria  Lobbii. 
Cypripedium  barbatum  superbum. 

„  caudatum. 

Dendrobium  albo-sanguineum. 
„  chrysotoxum. 

„  Farmerii. 

„  Kuhlii. 

„  tortile. 

„  transparens. 

„  Veitchianum. 

Desfontainea  spinosa. 
Deutzia  gracilis. 
Dracaena  indivisa. 
Echites  atropurpurea. 

„       splendens. 
Escallonia  macrantha. 
„         organensis. 
Eschscholtzia  tenuifolia. 
Eugenia  Ugni. 
Fitzroya  Patagonica. 
Fuchsia  macrantha. 
„       serratifolia. 
„       spectabilis. 
Hexacentris  lutea. 

„  mysorensis. 

Hindsia  longiflora. 

„       violacea. 
Hoya  bella. 

„     campanulata. 
„     fraterna. 

11 


Impatiens  Jerdoniae. 
Ixora  javanica. 
„     Lobbii. 
„     salicifolia. 
Lapageria  rosea. 
Lardizabala  triternata. 
Laurus  aromatica. 
Leptosiphon  aureum. 
„  luteum. 

Lilium  giganteum. 
Limatodes  rosea. 
Lomaria  magellanica. 
Lomatia  ferruginea. 
Magnolia  fragrantissima. 
Mahonia  Leschenaulti. 
Manettia  coccinea. 
Medinilla  magnifica. 

„        speciosa. 
Mitraria  coccinea. 
Nepenthes  albo-marginata. 
„         laevis. 
„         lanata. 
„          Phyllamphora. 
„          sanguinea. 
Pernettya  mucronata  speciosa. 
Phalsenopsis  grandiflora. 
„  Lobbii. 

„  rosea. 

Philesia  buxifolia. 
Picea  bracteata. 
Pleione  humilus. 
„       lagenaria. 
„        maculata. 
Pleroma  elegans. 
Podocarpus  nubigena. 
Quercus  segrifolia. 
Rhododendron  californicum. 
„      jasminiflorura. 
„      javanicum. 
Rubus  japonicus. 

„      leucodermis. 
Saccolabium  Blumei  major. 
„  curvifolium. 

„  miniatum. 

Saxe-Gothea  conspicua. 


INTRODUCTION 

Sobralia  dichotoma.  Tropseolum  speciosum. 

Sonerila  margaritacea.  Vanda  cserulea. 
Telipogon  obovatus.  „       suavis. 

Thuya  gigantea.  „       tricolor. 

Torreya  myristica.  Veronica  salicifolia. 

Tropseolum  azureum.  Viola  lutea. 

„          Lobbii.  Wellingtonia  gigantea. 

„  Smithanum.  Whitlavia  speciosa." 

The  son  of  Mr.  James  Veitch,  Mr.  James  Veitch  junior, 
conducted  the  nursery  at  Chelsea  for  some  years,  and  created 
that  at  Coombe  Wood.  In  reference  to  his  death,  the  Gar- 
deners' Chronicle  contains  the  following  notice  in  the  issue  of 
September  18th  1869:- 

"  In  the  person  of  Mr.  Veitch,  whose  sudden  death  it  was 
last  week  our  melancholy  duty  briefly  to  announce,  we  have 
lost  another  of  the  horticultural  notabilities  of  the  last  two 
decades  ;  and  though  placed  in  a  somewhat  different  sphere  of 
action  from  such  men  as  Lindley,  Paxton,  or  Thompson,  for 
example,  it  will  be  found  that  James  Veitch  the  younger,  as 
he  was  till  quite  recently  best  known,  has  left  his  mark  upon 
the  garden  history  of  our  time. 

"James  Veitch  was  born  on  May  24th  1815,  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood of  Exeter,  where  his  grandfather  (of  Scotch  ex- 
traction) and  his  father  were  at  that  time  carrying  on  the 
business  as  nurserymen.  When  about  eighteen  years  of  age  he 
was  sent  to  London  for  two  years  for  the  purpose  of  acquiring 
that  experience  which  in  those  days  could  only  be  gained  in  a 
London  establishment.  One  year  of  this  period  was  passed  in 
the  nursery  of  Mr.  Chandler  of  Vauxhall,  and  the  other  in 
that  of  Messrs.  Rollisson  of  Tooting.  Returning  again  to 
Exeter,  and  resuming  his  routine  of  duties  there,  he  at  the 
same  time,  impelled  by  the  new  ideas  and  impulses  acquired 
in  London,  devoted  his  energies  to  the  gradual  extension  and 
improvement  of  the  establishment  at  Mount  Radford,  making 

12 


INTRODUCTION 

it  eventually  one  of  the  first  nurseries  of  the  day.  All  this 
time  he  was  acquiring  the  mastery  over  the  mysteries  of  the 
nursery  trade,  in  which,  first  (since  1838)  as  a  partner  in  the 
firm  of  James  Veitch  &  Son,  and  subsequently,  on  the  death  of 
his  father,  as  the  head  of  that  of  James  Veitch  &  Sons,  he  was 
destined  to  raise  himself  to  one  of  the  very  foremost  positions. 
This  prominent  place  amongst  his  compeers  was  won  not  less 
by  his  untiring  Zealand  energy, his  keen  perception, his  clear- 
headed business  habits,  and  his  great  personal  influence,  than 
by  his  thorough  practical  acquaintance  with  all  professional 
details.  It  was  on  his  return  to  Exeter  from  Tooting  that, 

o 

taking  with  him  a  collection  of  the  Orchid  gems  of  those  days, 
he  first  started  in  the  cultivation  of  those  favourite  plants ;  a 
taste  which  he  always  cultivated  with  the  greatest  possible 
zest,  and  which  came  in  time  to  be  ministered  to  by  the 
introductions  of  his  own  collectors,  and  by  his  intimate  personal 
friendship  with  men  like  Mr.  G.  Ure-Skinner  and  Colonel 
Benson,  who  had  made  acquaintance  with  orchids  in  their 
native  homes.  It  should  here  be  stated  that  Messrs.  Rollisson, 
with  whom  young  Veitch  had  been  placed  for  the  purpose  of 
acquiring  a  knowledge  of  his  business,  declined  to  receive  any 
adequate  remuneration  for  the  benefits  conferred  by  them  on 
their  pupil ;  and  the  only  method  of  acknowledgment  open 
to  the  father  of  the  subject  of  our  notice  was  to  commission 
the  son  to  purchase  orchids  from  the  Messrs.  Rollisson.  These 
orchids  became  the  nucleus  of  the  collection  for  which  Messrs. 
Veitch  are  now,  and  have  for  so  long  been  renowned.  It  may 
be  interesting  to  mention,  as  an  instance  of  versatility,  that 
about  the  year  1839  Mr.  Veitch  entered  with  great  spirit  upon 
the  growth  of  Dahlias  for  competition,  the  Exeter  Dahlia 
Shows,  open  to  all  England,  furnishing  at  that  period  one  of  the 
most  tempting  arenas  for  the  display  of  horticultural  prowess. 

13 


INTRODUCTION 

"In  1853,  while  still  a  partner  in  the  nursery  business  at 
Exeter,  which  had  then  become  famous  as  the  first  English 
home  of  multitudes  of  new  plants,  introduced  directly  by  the 
agency  of  Messrs.  Veitchs'  collectors — the  brothers  Lobb,  Mr. 
James  Veitch  removed  to  London,  and  took  possession  of  the 
once  famous  establishment  of  Messrs.  Knight  &  Perry  at 
Chelsea.  Here  he  was  more  directly  brought  into  contact 
with  all  the  leading  horticulturists ;  and  his  estimable  personal 
qualities,  his  sound  sense,  and  his  energetic  manner,  soon 
lifted  him  into  a  very  influential  position  in  the  gardening 
world  which  he  maintained  for  many  years,  until,  as  we  may 
suppose,  the  foreshadowings  of  his  fatal  malady  induced  him 
gradually  to  withdraw  from  active  participation  in  what  may 
be  called  public  life.  All  this  time,  however,  the  establishment 
at  Chelsea,  which  still  bore  the  name  of  the  Royal  Exotic 
Nursery,  was  being  remodelled  and  improved,  and  a  gigantic 
business,  one  of  the  most  prominent  in  England,  perhaps  in 
Europe,  was  being  worked  up,  sufficient  of  itself  to  form  a 
striking  monument  of  successful  commercial  skill  and  enterprise. 

"  Were  we  to  attempt  to  show  how  far  our  gardens  are 
indebted  to  the  herculean  and  unflagging  labours  of  Mr. 
Veitch,  we  should  have  to  write  a  history  of  most  of  the  new 
plants  introduced  during  the  last  thirty  years ;  for  it  was  to 
his  active  superintendence  of  their  importation,  and  to  his 
discriminative  choice  of  collectors,  that  we  may  largely 
attribute  the  success  which  was  realized  in  this  department. 
The  later  explorations  of  Pearce,  Hutton  and  others,  by  which 
also  many  fine  novelties  have  been  acquired,  were  even  more 
directly  under  his  control ;  while  in  order  to  form  some  notion 
of  all  the  services  rendered  to  horticulture  by  Mr.  Veitch  in 
this  direction,  we  must  add  to  the  foregoing  the  results  of  the 
two  journeys  of  his  eldest  son,  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch,  to 

14 


INTRODUCTION 

Japan  and  the  South  Pacific,  which  have  proved  so  prolific  of 
first-class  novelties.  The  pages  of  the  garden  periodicals  bear 
witness  to  these  facts  in  the  number  of  first-class  plants  intro- 
duced through  his  intervention,  such  as  Wellingtonia  gigantea, 
Lapageria  rosea  and  alba,  LiKum  auratum,  Maranta  Veitchii, 
Vanda  suavis,  tricolor,  coerulea  and  insignis ;  Phalsenopsis 
grandiflora,  Cypripedium  caudatum,  Rhododendron  jasmini- 
floruin,  Pleroma  elegans,  Nepenthes  (numerous  species), 
Desfontainea  spinosa.  Thuya  Lobbii,  Abies  bracteata,  Begonia 
Veitchii,  Masdevallia  Veitchiana,  Tropaeolum  azureum  and 
speciosum,  Calanthe  vestita,  Medinilla  magnifica,  Dipladenia 
splendens,  Berberis  Darwinii,  cum  multis  aliis. 

"  It  is,  however,  not  only  as  an  introducer  and  a  dispenser 
of  plants  that  Mr.  Veitch's  name  must  be  boldly  inscribed  in 
the  annals  of  horticulture,  for  he  occupied  a  no  less  worthy 
position  as  a  cultivator  and  exhibitor.  Indeed  Mr.  Veitch  was 
a  thorough  cultivator,  as  those  who  have  seen  the  fine  specimens 
sent  from  Exeter  to  Chiswick  Shows  will  acknowledge  when 
we  say  that  many  of  them — Heaths  and  Orchids  to  wit — were 
the  fruits  of  his  own  cultural  manipulation,  aided  by  his 
devoted  and  faithful  servant  and  friend  Dominy.  Thus,  when 
he  desisted  from  the  laborious  task  of  potting  his  own  plants, 
few  knew  better  how  to  direct  the  labours  of  others.  Then, 
as  an  exhibitor,  Mr.  Veitch  has  had  a  large  share  in  making 
our  shows  the  glorious  monuments  of  cultural  skill  which  they 
really  are,  despite  all  the  grumbling  concerning  them.  For 
many  years  he  has  been  in  the  constant  habit  of  bringing 
forward  materials,  the  most  excellent  in  quality,  and  these 
have  been  so  abundant  in  quantity,  and  arranged  with  so  much 
skill  and  taste,  that  it  has  been  rare  indeed  to  see  the  name  of 
Veitch  either  absent  from  or  occupying  a  secondary  place  in 
the  award  sheets.  In  all  this,  as  well  as  in  business  transactions, 

15 


INTRODUCTION 

he  has  for  the  last  few  years  been  ably  assisted  by  his  sons, 
Mr.  J.  G.  Veitch  and  Mr.  H.  J.  Veitch,  who  were  admitted  to 
partnership  in  1865,  and  by  whom  the  business  will  now  be 
continued. 

"  We  should  not  omit  to  state  that  Mr.  Veitch  was  one  of 
the  best  and  most  hard-working  friends  of  the  Gardeners' 
Royal  Benevolent  Institution,  of  which  he  was  also  a  trustee. 

"For several  years — from  1856  to  1864 — Mr.  Veitch  was  a 
member  of  the  Council  of  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society,  and 
took  a  very  active  part  in  the  administration  of  its  affairs. 

"  At  his  own  hospitable  board  the  interests  of  horticulture 
were  often  the  subjects  of  a  very  free  commentary ;  and 
many  schemes  which  had  been  discussed  or  concocted  there, 
were  in  due  time  realized.  In  particular  it  may  be  stated 
that  the  idea  of  the  Fruit  and  Floral  Committees  of  the 
Royal  Horticultural  Society  had  its  origin  in  a  happy  thought 
of  Mr.  Veitch's,  which  was  first  broached  and  talked  over, 
even  into  the  small  hours,  in  the  parlour  at  the  Royal  Exotic 
Nursery,  and  at  a  subsequent  gathering  of  a  few  kindred 
spirits  was  so  thoroughly  discussed  as  to  smooth  away  the 
difficulties  which  at  first  seemed  to  stand  in  the  way  of  its 
being  realized.  On  the  basis  thus  obtained  a  scheme  was 
drawn  out,  virtually  that  adopted  by  the  Council,  which  has 
not  only  worked  well,  but  proved  the  horticultural  mainstay 
of  the  Society.  In  Mr.  Veitch's  parlour,  too,  the  particular 
mode  in  which  the  Great  International  Show  of  1866  should 
be  presented  to  the  public  was  agreed  to,  and  action  taken 
thereupon.  There  had  at  that  period  sprung  up  amongst  a 
small  section  of  horticulturists  a  most  unaccountable  feeling 
antagonistic  to  the  gentleman  who  afterwards  so  efficiently 
filled  the  office  of  chairman,  and  whose  loss  we  have  since 
had  to  deplore  ;  and  this  feeling  was  battled  with  and  over- 

16 


INTRODUCTION 

come,  chiefly  by  the  influence  of  Mr.  Veitch,  and  of  a  few 
others  who  supported  him.  In  all  movements  for  the  advance- 
ment of  horticulture  he  was  ready  to  take  a  foremost  part. 
Latterly,  however,  owing  to  his  failing  health,  he  has  been 
less  active  in  matters  of  this  kind,  but  even  so  late  as  the 
occasion  of  the  organization  of  the  English  Committee  of  the 
Hamburg  International  Show,  those  who  attended  the  pre- 
liminary meetings  were  assisted  by  his  advice. 

"  Some  two  years  ago,  owing  to  premonitory  symptoms  of 
heart  disease,  which  have  proved  but  too  well  founded,  Mr. 
Veitch  ceased  to  take  so  active  a  part  as  he  had  been  wont, 
either  in  horticultural  affairs  or  in  matters  of  business ;  but 
latterly  he  had  been  in  better  health  and  spirits  than  usual, 
and  even  on  the  day  before  his  decease  had  greatly  enjoyed  a 
visit  from  his  old  friend  and  collector,  Thomas  Lobb,  so  that 
his  death  on  the  morning  of  the  10th  instant,  at  Stanley 
House,  Chelsea,  at  the  age  of  54,  came  suddenly  on  his  family 
and  friends,  although,  under  the  circumstances,  it  can  scarcely 
be  said  to  have  been  wholly  unexpected.  His  mortal  remains 
have  been  deposited  in  the  Brompton  Cemetery,  and  there  lie 
peacefully  in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  the  scenes  of  the  most 
active  portion  of  his  life.  That  he  himself  was  not  unprepared 
for  the  change  that  was  to  befall  him  is  shown  by  the  fact  that 
only  a  few  days  before  his  death  he  selected,  without  the 
knowledge  of  any  member  of  his  family,  a  site  for  a  family 
grave ;  and  in  its  selection  and  attendant  negotiations  mani- 
fested those  business  habits  so  characteristic  of  him. 

"  Little  remains  for  us  to  add.  We  have  said  enough  to 
show  that  this  was  no  ordinary  man.  Zeal  and  energy  per- 
vaded his  every  action.  A  quick  temper  and  impatience  of 
opposition  were  natural  adjuncts  to  such  a  character ;  but  at 
the  same  time  it  must  be  added  there  was  thorough  conscien- 

17 


INTRODUCTION 

tiousness  and  straightforwardness,  a  disgust  to  all  semblance, 
even,  of  meanness  or  underhandedness,  and  a  warmth  of 
friendly  feeling  that  can  be  adequately  gauged  only  by  those 
who  knew  him." 

In  October  1869  a  general  movement  throughout  the 
country  indicated  the  propriety  of  in  some  way  perpetuating 
the  memory  of  Mr.  James  Veitch  junior,  and  resulted, 
after  much  discussion  and  many  suggestions,  in  the  Veitch 
Memorial  Medal.  For  this  purpose,  after  payment  of  ex- 
penses, the  sum  of  £890  18s.  4cZ.  was  available,  and  was 
invested  in  the  names  of  Trustees,  the  annual  interest  thereof 
being  devoted  to  prizes  for  the  advancement  of  horticulture. 
At  the  same  time,  through  the  liberality  of  Robert  Crawshay, 
Esq.,  a  portrait  of  the  late  Mr.  James  Veitch  junior  was 
hung  in  the  Council  Chamber  of  the  Royal  Horticultural 
Society. 

Until  August  1870  the  two  eldest  sons  of  Mr.  James 
Veitch  junior — Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch  and  Mr.  Harry 
James  Veitch — continued  the  work,  when  the  death  of  the 
first-named  had  also  to  be  recorded. 

In  reference  to  this  unhappy  event,  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle 
of  August  20th  1870  contained  the  following: — 

"  Scarcely  twelve  months  have  elapsed  since  we  had  to 
record  the  decease  of  Mr.  James  Veitch,  the  late  indefatigable 
head  of  the  firm,  Veitch  &  Sons,  of  Chelsea,  and  one  of  the 
foremost  horticulturists  of  our  day.  We  have  now  the 
mournful  task  of  chronicling  the  death  of  his  eldest  son,  Mr. 
John  Gould  Veitch,  who  was,  like  his  father,  a  devoted 
horticulturist,  and  who,  although  he  has  been  taken  from 
amongst  us  at  an  early  age,  will  long  be  remembered  as  an 
intrepid  voyager,  and  one  to  whom  we  are  greatly  indebted 
for  many  contributions  to  the  enjoyment  of  our  gardens  in 

18 


INTRODUCTION 

the  introduction  of  valuable  plants  discovered  in  the  course 
of  his  travels,  and  also  as  a  young  man  full  of  zeal  and  enter- 
prise in  his  profession — a  worthy  representative  of  his  father's 
and  grandfather's  name. 

"John  Gould  Veitch  was  born  at  Exeter  in  April  1839, 
and  had,  therefore,  only  reached  his  32nd  year.  He  was  at 
an  early  age  initiated  in  the  mysteries  of  the  nursery  trade, 
and  took  an  active  part  in  the  management  of  the  establish- 
ment at  Chelsea.  It  was  in  April  1860,  almost  as  soon  as  he 
had  attained  his  majority,  that  he  started  on  his  voyage  to 
Japan  and  China,  whence  he  proceeded  to  the  Philippine 
Islands.  The  result  of  this  journey  was  the  enrichment  of 
our  collections  with  many  choice  plants,  amongst  which  the 
lovely  Primula  cortusoides  amoena  would  of  itself  form  no 
mean  monument  to  his  memory.  Various  handsome  Conifers, 
as  Abies  firma  and  Alcoquiana,  Cryptomeria  elegans,  and 
other  plants,  as  Lilium  auratum,  Ampelopsis  tricuspidata 
(Veitchii)  and  japonica,  &c.,  were,  however,  also  obtained  as 
the  fruits  of  that  first  journey,  and  our  volumes  for  1860-1861 
contain  from  his  own  pen  the  interesting  records  of  his 
journeyings  and  discoveries  during  the  two  years  which 
elapsed  previously  to  his  returning  in  the  spring  of  1862. 

"  The  spirit  of  enterprise  and  the  desire  of  making  dis- 
coveries, which  prompted  him  at  first  to  set  sail  for  Japan, 
then  lately  made  accessible  to  Europeans,  did  but  slumber  for 
a  season,  for  in  1864  we  find  him  again  en  route,  this  time 
bound  for  Australia  and  the  South  Sea  Islands,  whence  he 
returned  in  February  1866,  after  an  absence  of  some  eighteen 
or  twenty  months,  bringing  with  him  some  of  the  most 
beautiful  plants  of  modern  introduction :  witness  the  numerous 
richly-coloured  forms  of  Croton  and  Dracaena  which  are  only 
now  becoming  known.  Of  the  Crotons  alone  no  fewer  than 

19 


INTRODUCTION 

twenty-three  distinct  kinds  (described  in  our  volume  for  1868, 
pp.  843,  943)  were  obtained ;  and  of  Dracaenas,  regina,  mag- 
nifica,  Mooreana,  Chelsoni,  Macleayi,  and  several  others.  To 
these  must  be  added  such  distinct  and  popular  subjects  as 
Acalypha  Wilkesiana  (tricolor),  Amaranthus  melancholicus 
ruber,  Coleus  Veitchii,  and  Gibsoni ;  the  more  choice  and 
valuable  Pandanus  Veitchii,  Aralia  Veitchii,  and  many  others. 
During  this  journey  Cape  York  in  Northern  Australia  was 
visited,  and  here  was  obtained  a  new  Palm,  which  has  since 
been  dedicated  to  his  honour,  under  the  name  of  Veitchia 
Johannis. 

"  The  record  of  this  second  journey,  specially  interesting 
as  referring  to  many  little  known  and  rarely  visited  islands, 
will  be  found  in  our  volume  for  1866. 

"  In  the  early  part  of  1867,  Mr.  Veitch,  then  recently  married, 
was  taken  seriously  ill  with  an  affection  of  the  lungs,  and  for 
some  time  his  life  was  despaired  of.  He,  however,  rallied, 
under  careful  treatment  and  the  potent  aid  of  his  indomitable 
spirit,  and  though  subsequently  obliged  to  winter  in  a  warmer 
clime,  his  friends  were  not  without  hope  that  his  life  might 
have  been  for  some  time  spared  to  them.  But  this  was  not 
to  be.  On  the  9th  inst.  haemorrhage  from  the  lungs,  under 
which  he  gradually  sank,  set  in,  and  he  expired  on  the  evening 
of  the  13th  inst.  at  his  residence  at  Coombe  Wood,  leaving 
behind  him  a  widow  and  two  boys.  On  Thursday  last  he 
was  laid  beside  his  father  in  the  Brompton  Cemetery,  having 
been  borne  to  his  grave  by  the  same  trusty  workmen :  some 
of  whom  had,  moreover,  assisted  to  carry  his  grandfather  to 
his  last  resting-place. 

"So  we  part  sorrowing  from  one  of  the  most  gifted  and 
promising  of  our  younger  commercial  horticulturists,  one  who, 
if  his  life  had  been  spared  and  his  health  had  permitted,  would 

20 


INTRODUCTION 

have  worthily  filled  a  prominent  position  in  the  world  of 
horticulture  ;  one,  moreover,  whose  memory  will  continue  to 
be  cherished  by  those  who  had  the  pleasure  to  know  him 
intimately  as  that  of  a  manly,  straightforward,  single-hearted, 
earnest  and  sincere  friend.  The  Veitch  Memorial  will  now,  in 
most  people's  minds,  possess  a  double  interest,  as  it  will  be 
henceforth  impossible  to  dissociate  the  memory  of  the  son 
from  that  of  the  father." 

From  1870  for  thirty  years  the  responsibility  of  successful 
guidance  has  rested  with  Mr.  Harry  J.  Veitch,  for  some  few 
years  assisted  by  his  brother  the  late  Mr.  Arthur  Veitch,  and 
to  his  ceaseless  watchfulness  and  ability  is  due  the  steady 
progress  of  the  business. 

The  direct  control  Mr.  Harry  J.  Veitch  relinquished  some 
few  years  since,  when  advantage  was  taken  of  the  Company 
Law  to  convert  the  business  into  a  Limited  Liability  Company, 
with  Mr.  James  H.  Veitch  as  Managing  Director  and  Mr. 
John  Gould  Veitch  as  Secretary,  the  whole  of  the  shares 
remaining  in  the  hands  of  the  family. 

Amongst  other  efforts  in  the  interests  of  Horticulture  are  a 
Manual  of  Coniferae,  the  first  edition  long  since  exhausted, 
the  Manual  of  Orchidaceous  Plants,  and  various  papers  in  the 
Journals  of  the  Linnean  and  the  Royal  Horticultural  Societies. 
The  material  for  the  following  422  plates  in  Curtis' 's  Botanical 
Magazine  is  attributed  by  the  editors  to  Messrs.  Veitch : — 


1.  Gloxinia  speciosa,  var.  ma- 

crophylla         .         .         .  t.  3934. 

2.  Alstrcemeria  nemorosa      .  t.  3958. 

3.  Primula  denticulata  .  t.  3959. 

4.  Habranthus  pratensis,  var. 

quadriflora     .         .         .  t.  3961. 

5.  Echites      (Dipladenia) 

splendens       .        .        .  t.  3976. 

6.  Rondeletia  loqgiflora         .  t.  3977. 

7.  Tropseolum  azureum          .  t.  3985. 


8.  Begonia  coccinea       .        .  t.  3990. 

9.  Gesneria  polyantha  .         .  t.  3995. 

10.  Echites  hirsuta  .        .        .  t.  3997. 

11.  Passiflora  Actinia      .         .  t.  4009. 

12.  Stigmaphyllon  heterophyl- 

lum         .         .         .         .  t.  4014. 

13.  Canavalia  ensiformis.        .  t.  4027. 

14.  Hypocyrta  strigillosa         .  t.  4047. 

15.  Clematis    montana,    var. 

grand iflora      .         .         .  t.  4061. 
21  c 


INTRODUCTION 


16.  Gomphrena  pulchella 

17.  Houlletia      Brocklehurst- 

iana        .... 

18.  Tropseolum  Lobbianum     . 

19.  Asclepias  vestita 

20.  Hindsia  violacea 

21.  Barbacenia  squamata 

22.  Calceolaria  floribunda 

23.  Calceolaria  alba 

24.  Sida(Abutilon)paeonia3flora  t. 

25.  Fuchsia  serratifolia   .        .  t. 

26.  Siphocampylos  coccineus 

27.  Tacsonia  mollissima  . 

28.  Hebecladus  biflorus  . 

29.  Cuphea  cordata 

30.  Sida  (Abutilon)  vitifolium   t. 

31.  Fuchsia  macrantha    . 

32.  Cypripedium  barbatum 

33.  JSschynanthus    purpuras- 

cens        .... 

34.  Tropseolum  crenatiflorum  .  t. 

35.  Collania  andinamarcana 

36.  Clematis  smilacifolia 

37.  ^Eschynanthus  Lobbianus  t. 

38.  Pleroma  elegans 

39.  ^Eschynanthus  pulcher 

40.  Scutellaria  incarnata 

41.  Escallonia  organensis 

42.  Nepenthes  Rafflesiana 

43.  Calceolaria  amplexicaulis 

44.  Liebigia  speciosa 

45.  j32schynanthus  speciosus 

46.  Medinilla  speciosa     . 

47.  Tropseolum  speciosum 

48.  JSschynanthus  longiflorus  t. 

49.  Rhododendron  javanicum  t. 

50.  Tropseolum  umbellatum 

51.  Hoya  cinnamomifolia 
62.  Ceropegia  Cumingiana 

53.  Fuchsia  spectabilis    . 

54.  Tropseolum  Smithii   . 

55.  Cantua  pyrifolia 

56.  Sonerila  stricta . 

57.  Hoya  bella 

58.  Dipladenia  urophylla 

59.  Heterotrichum  macrodon 

60.  Macleania  punctata  . 

61 .  Loasa  picta 

62.  Vauda  tricolor  . 


t.  4064. 

63.  Lapageria  rosea         .        .  t.  4447 
64.  Mitraria  coccinea      .         .  t.  4462. 

t.  4072. 

65.  Escallonia  macrantha         .  t.  4473. 

t.  4097. 
t.  4106. 

66.  Dendrobium  tortile    .         .  t.  4477. 
67.  Oxalis  elegans   .        .         .  t.  4490. 

t.  4135. 
t.  4136. 

68.  Dipteracanthus  spectabilis  t.  4494. 
69.  Lardizabala  biternata       .  t.  4501. 

t.  4154. 
t.  4157. 
t.  4170. 

70.  Hoya  coriacea   .        .        .  t.  4518. 
71.  Hoya  purpureo-fusca        .  t.  4520. 
72.  Ixora  salicifolia          .        .  t.  4523. 

t.  4174. 
t.  4178. 

73.  Rhododendron      jasmini- 
florum    .        .        .        .  t.  4524. 

t.  4187. 
t.  4192. 
t.  4208. 
t.  4227. 
t.  4233. 
t.  4234. 

74.  Stylidium  saxifragoides     .  t.  4529. 
75.  Bolbophyllum  Lobbii         .  t.  4532. 
76.  Medinilla  magnifica  .         .  t.  4533. 
77.  Hoya  campanulata    .        .  t.  4545. 
78.  Didymocarpus  crinita        .  t.  4554. 
79.  Thibaudia  macrantha        .  t.  4566. 

80.  Cantua  buxifolia        .         .  t.  4582. 

t.  4236. 

81.  Berberis  Darwinii      .         .  t.  4590. 

t.  4245. 
t.  4247. 
t.  4259. 

82.  Fitzroya  patagonica  .         .  t.  4616. 
83.  Eugenia  Ugni    .        .         .  t.  4626. 
84.  Berberis  wallichiana  .         .  t.  4656. 

t.  4260. 

85.  Calanthe  vestita         .        .  t.  4671. 

t.  4262. 

86.  Rubus  biflorus   .        .        .  t.  4678. 

t.  4264. 
t.  4268. 

87.  Hoya  fraterna   .        .        .  t.  4684. 
88.  Dendrobium  cretaceum     .  t.  4686. 

t.  4274. 

89.  Cantua  bicolor  .        .        .  t.  4729. 

t.  4285. 
t.  4300. 

90.  Gilia  (Leptosiphon)  lutea  .  t.  4735. 
91.  Philesia  buxifolia      .        .  t.  4738. 

t.  4315. 

92.  Abies  bracteata  .        .        .  t.  4740. 

t.  4320. 
t.  4321. 
t.  4323. 
t.  4328. 
t.  4336. 
t.  4337. 

93.  Wellingtonia  gigantea       .  t.  4777. 
94.  Cerastostema  longiflorum  .  t.  4779. 
95.  Torreya  myristica      .        .  t.  4780. 
96.  Desfontainia  spinosa          .  t.  4781. 
97.  Hexacentris  mysorensis    .  t.  4786. 
98.  Ceanothus  floribundus       .  t.  4806. 

t,  4347. 

99.  Ceanothus  Lobbianus         .  t.  4810. 

t.  4349. 

100.  Eschscholtzia  tenuifolia    .  t.  4812. 

t.  4375. 
t.  4385. 
t.  4386. 

101.  Whitlavia  grandiflora        .  t.  4813. 
102.  Ceanothus  papillosus         .  t.  4815. 
103.  Befaria  sestuans         .        .  t.  4818. 

t.  4394. 
t.  4402. 
t.  4414. 
t.  4421. 

104.  Dipladenia  Harrisii   .         .  t.  4825. 
105.  Escallonia  pterocladon      .  t.  4827. 
106.  Dipladenia  acuminata       .  t.  4828. 
107.  Crawfurdia  fasciculata       .  t.  4838. 

t.  4426. 

108.  Embothrium  coccineum     .  t.  4856. 

t.  4428. 

109.  Rhododendron     californi- 

t.  4432. 

cum         .         .         .         .  t.  4863. 

22 


INTRODUCTION 


110.  Leptodactylon     calif  orni- 

152.  ( 

cum        .        .        .        .  t.  4872. 

153.  ( 

111.  Gilia  dianthoides       .         .  t.  4876. 

154.  ] 

112.  Phygelius  capensis     .         .  t.  4881. 

155.  < 

113.  Delphinium  cardinale        .  t.  4887. 

156.  ] 

114.  Ccelogyne  speciosa    .         .  t.  4889. 

157. 

115.  JEschynanthus  fulgens      .  t.  4891. 

158.  ' 

116   Tecoma  fulva     .        .         .  t,  4896. 

159.  ] 

117.  Aphelandra  variegata        .  t.  4899. 

160.  : 

118.  Rhododendron  rnoulmain- 

161.  , 

ense        .         .         .         .  t.  4904. 

162. 

119.  Correa  cardinalis       .         .  t.  4912. 

163.  ' 

120.  Coffea  benghalensis  .         .  t.  4917. 

164. 

121.  Ribes  subvestitum      .         .  t.  4931. 

165. 

122.  Rhododendron       Brooke- 

166. 

anum      .         .         .         .  t.  5935. 

167.  : 

123.  Hypericum  oblongifolium  .  t.  4949. 

124.  Adhatoda  cydoniaefolia      .  t.  4962. 

168. 

125.  Hoya  coronaria         .        .  t.  4969. 

169. 

126.  Sonerila  elegans         .        .  t.  4978. 

170. 

127.  Befaria  Mathewsii     .         .  t.  4981. 

171. 

128.  Rhododendron    Veitchia- 

172. 

num        .        .        .        .  t.  4992. 

129.  Forsythia  suspensa    .         .  t.  4995. 

173. 

130.  Viola  pedunculata     .         .  t.  5004. 

174. 

131.  Azalea  occidentalis   .        .  t.  5005. 

132.  Sonerila  speciosa       .         .  t.  5026. 

175. 

133.  Cosmanthus  grandiflorus  .  t.  5029. 

176. 

134.  Eugenia  Luma  .         .         .  t.  5040. 

177. 

135.  Calanthe  Dominii  (hybri- 

da)                                   .  t.  5042. 

178. 

136.  Pentstemon  Jaffrayanus   .  t.  5045. 

179. 

137.  Clianthus  Dampieri  .         .  t.  5051. 

180. 

138.  Gesneria  Donklarii    .         .  t.  5070. 

181. 

139.  Coelogyne  Schilleriana       .  t.  5072. 

182. 

140.  ^sculus  californica           .  t.  5077. 

183. 

141.  Nepenthes  villosa       .         .  t.  5080. 

184. 

142.  Thunbergia  natalensis       .  t.  5082. 

186. 

143.  Fuchsia  simplicicaulis        .  t.  5096. 

186. 

144.  Sonerila  margaritacea       .  t.  5104. 

187. 

145.  Nepenthes  ampullaria       .  t.  5109. 

188. 

146.  Ceanothus  Veitchianus      .  t.  5127. 

147.  Dendrobium    albo-sangui- 

189. 

neum     .        .        .        .  t.  5130. 

190. 

148.  ^Eschynanthus       cordifo- 

191. 

lius         .        .        .        .  t.  5131. 

149;  Dendromecon  rigidum       .  t.  5134. 

192. 

150.  Spraguea  umbellata  .         .  t.  5143. 

193. 

151.  Calceolaria  flexuosa  .            t.  5154. 

194. 

Ceanothus  velutinus  .         .  t.  6165. 

Chamsebatia  foliolosa         .  t.  5171. 

Richardia  hastata      .         .  t.  5176. 

Ceanothus  oreganus  .         .  t.  5177. 

Pteris  quadriaurita    .         .  t.  5183. 

Phalsenopsis  grandiflora    .  t.  5184. 

Vanda  gigantea         .         .  t.  5189. 

Pentapterygium  rugosum .  t.  5198. 

Phalsenopsis  rosea     .         .  t.  5212. 

Stenogaster  concinna        .  t.  5253. 

Mutisia  decurrens     .        .  t.  5273. 

Verticordia  nitens     .         .  t.  5286. 

Ceropegia  Gardner!  .         .  t.  5306. 

Limatodes  rosea         .         .  t.  5312. 

Saccolabium  miniatum      .  t.  5326. 

Nolana  (Sorema)    lanceo- 

lata         .        .        .        .  t.  5327. 

Philadelphia  hirsutus        .  t.  5334. 

Ourisia  coccinea         .        .  t.  5335. 

Lilium  auratum          .         .  t.  5338. 

Berberidopsis  corallina      .  t.  5343. 

Plumbago  rosea,  var.  coc- 
cinea     .        .        .        .  t.  5363. 

Lycioplesium  pubiflorum  .  t.  5373. 

Calanthe  Veitchii :  hybri- 

da t.  5375. 

Calceolaria  punctata          .  t.  6392. 

Homoianthus  viscosus       .  t.  5401. 

Eranthemum      tubercula- 

tum         .         .         .         .  t.  6405. 

Miconia  pulverulenta        .  t.  5411. 

Trichantha  minor      .         ,  t.  5428. 

Canscora  Parishii      .         .  t.  5429. 

Alstroemeria  Caldasii         .  t.  5442. 

Corylopsis  spicata      .         .  t.  5458. 

Urceolina  pendula     .         .  t.  5464. 

Cypripedium  caricinum     .  t.  5466. 

Eranthemum  Cooperi         .  t.  6467. 

Genethyllis  fimbriata          .  t.  5468. 

Linum  Macraei .        .        .  t.  5474. 

Mimulus  luteus,  var.   cu- 

prea        .        .        .        .  t.  5478. 

Proustia  pyrifolia      .        .  t.  6489. 

Manettia  micans        .        .  t.  5495. 

Aglaonema       marantaefo- 

lium,  var.  fol.  mac.          .  t.  5600. 
Cypripedium  leevigatum    .  t.  5508. 
.  Arum  palfestinum      .         .  t.  5509. 
.  Hypcestes  sanguinolenta  .  t.  5511. 


23 


INTRODUCTION 


195.  Marianthus  Drummondia- 

nus          . 

196.  Bertolonia  guttata    . 

197.  Primula  cortusoides,  var. 

amoena  .... 

198.  Alstroemeria  densiflora 

199.  Calathea  Veitchiana . 

200.  Dendrobium  Tattonianum 

201.  Dendrobium  Johannis 

202.  Calathea  tubispatha  . 

203.  Begonia  Pearcei 

204.  Peperomia  marmorata 

205.  Cymbidium  Hookerianum 

206.  Ancylogyne  longiflora 

207.  Fremontia  californica 

208.  Sanchezia  nobilis 

209.  Nierembergia  Veitchii 

210.  Bolbophyllum  reticulatum 

211.  Nierembergia  rivularis 

212.  Vanda  Bensoni . 

213.  Cattleya  Dowiana 

214.  Curcuma  Australasica 

215.  Angrsecum  citratum  . 

216.  Myrtus  Cheken . 

217.  Amaryllis  pardinam  . 

218.  Stemonacanthus  Pearcei  . 

219.  Dendrobium     macrophyl- 

lum  Veitchianum  . 

220.  Gloxinia  hypocyrtiflora 

221.  Begonia  boliviensis   . 

222.  Begonia  Veitchii 

223.  Lilium  Leichtlinii 

224.  Cymbidium  Huttoni . 

225.  Calceolaria  pisacomensis  . 

226.  Dendrobium  Bensonise 

227.  Begonia  rosseflora 

228.  Saccolabium  Huttoni 

229.  Thunia  Bensonise 

230.  Begonia  falcifolia 

231.  Eranthemum  aspersum 

232.  Nasonia  punctata 

233.  Epidendrum  paniculatum 

234.  PuyaWhytei     . 

235.  Masdevallia  Veitchiana 

236.  Aphelandra  nitens     . 

237.  Agalmyla  staminea   . 

238.  Thibaudia  acuminata 

239.  Coalogyne  (Pleione)  Reich- 

enbachiana     . 


t.  5521. 

240.  Vanda  insignis  .         .         .  t.  5759. 
241.  Dendrobium  crassinode    .  t.  5766. 

t.  5524. 

242.  Saccolabium  bigibbum      .  t.  5767. 
243.  Palava  flexuosa          .        .  t.  5768. 

t.  5528. 
t.  5531. 
t.  5535. 
t.  5537. 
t.  5540. 

244.  Odontoglossum  Krameri  .  t.  5778. 
245.  Dipladenia  boliviensis       .  t.  5783. 
246.  Aphelandra  acutifolia       .  t.  5789. 
247.  brides  japonicum     .        .  t.  5798. 
248.  Blandfordia  aurea     .         .  t.  5809. 

t.  5542. 

249.  Vanda  Denisoniana  .         .  t.  5811. 

t.  5545. 
t.  5568. 
t.  5574. 

250.  Dendrobium  lasioglossum    t.  6825. 
251.  Orthosiphon  stamineus     .  t.  5833. 
252.  Vanda  ccerulescens   .         .  t.  5834. 

t.  5588. 

253.  Vanda  Cathcarti       .         .  t.  5845. 

t.  5591. 
t.  5694. 
t.  5599. 
t.  5605. 
t.  5608. 
t.  5611. 

254.  Cymbidium  canaliculatum  t.  5851. 
255.  Beloperone  ciliata      .        .  t.  5888. 
256.  Begonia  crinita          .        .  t.  5897. 
257.  Darlingtonia  californica    .  t.  5920. 
258.  Epidendrum  pseudepiden- 
drum      .        .         .        .  t.  5929. 

t.  5618. 

259.  Gilia  achillesefolia      .        .  t.  5939. 

t.  5620. 
.  t.  5624. 
t.  5644. 
t.  6645. 

260.  Ccelogyne  lentiginosa        .  t.  6958. 
261.  Restrepia  elegans      .        .  t.  5966. 
262.  Dendrobium     amethysto- 

.  t.  5648. 

.  t.  5649. 
.  t.  5665. 

263.  Phajus  Blumei,  var.  Ber- 
naysii      .        .         .        .  t.  6032. 
264.  Odontoglossum       vexilla- 
rium       .        .        .        .  t.  6037. 

.  t.  5657. 
.  t.  6663. 

265.  Rhododendron        malay- 
anum      .        .        .        .  t.  6045. 

.  t.  6673. 

266.  Sonerila  Bensoni       .        .  t.  6049. 

.  t.  5676. 
.  t.  5677. 
.  t.  5679. 
.  t.  5680. 

267.  Caraguata  Zahnii      .        .  t.  6059. 
268.  Campsidium  chilense         .  t.  6111. 
269.  Blumenbachia  (Caiophora) 
contorta         .        .        .  t.  6134. 

.  t.  5681. 
.  t.  5694. 

270.  Blumenbachia  chuquiten- 
sis  t.  6143. 

.  t.  5707. 
.  t.  5711. 
.  t.  5718. 

271.  Odontoglossum  maxillare  .  t.  6144. 
272.  Epidendrum   syringothyr- 
sis  .        .        .        .        .  t.  6145. 

.  t.  5731. 

.  t.  5732. 

273.  Wahlenbergia  tuberosa      .  t.  6155. 
274.  Masdevallia  Peristeria       .  t.  6159. 

.  t.  5739. 
.  t.  5741. 

275.  Odontoglossum  (Miltonia) 
Warscewiczii  .         .         .  t.  6163. 

.  t.  5747. 

276.  Hemichsena  fruticosa         .  t.  6164. 

.  t.  6752. 

277.  Balbisia  verticillata  .        .  t.  6170. 

.  t.  5763. 

278.  Cypripedium  Argus    .         .  t.  6175. 
279.  Masdevallia  Davisii  .         .  t.  6190. 

INTRODUCTION 


280.  Calathea  leucostachys 

281.  Pescatorea    Dayana,   var. 

rhodacra 

282.  Viburnum  dilatatum 

283.  Episcia  erythropus    . 

284.  Bouchea  pseudogervao 

285.  Hypoestes  aristata    . 

286.  Allium  anceps   . 

287.  Odontoglossum  prsenitens  t. 

288.  Calceolaria  tenella     . 

289.  Monopyle  racemosa  . 

290.  Pescatoria  lamellosa . 

291.  Leucothoe  Davisise     . 

292.  Lilium  phillipinense  . 

292.  Lycaste  lasioglossa    . 

293.  Begonia  Davisii 

294.  Masdevallia  inocharis 

295.  Masdevallia  triaristella 

296.  Monardella  macrantha 

297.  Masdevallia  attenuata 

298.  Oncidium  cheirophorum    . 

299.  Cordia  decandra 

300.  Boronia  elatior . 

301.  Cypripedium    Haynaldia- 

num        .... 

302.  Haplopappus  spinulosus    . 

303.  Lycaste  Linguella 

304.  Notylia  albida    . 

305.  Dendrobium  crystallinum  t. 

306.  Oncidium  Euxanthinum    . 

307.  Arthropodium  neo-caledo- 

nicum     .... 

308.  ^Echmea         (Chevalliera) 

Veitchii .... 

309.  Calceolaria  lobata 

310.  Lilium  neilgherrense 

311.  Alloplectus  peltatus . 

312.  Stenospermatium  Wallisii  t. 

313.  Eranthemum  laxiflorum 

314.  Pleroma  Gayanum     . 

315.  Crossandra  guineensis 

316.  Dendroseris  macrophylla 

317.  Spathoglottis  Petri    . 

318.  Ardisia  Oliver i  . 

319.  Magnolia  stellata 

320.  Eurygania  ovata 

321.  Watsonia  densiflora  . 

322.  Burbidgea  nitida 

323.  Calceolaria  deflexa    . 


t.  6205. 

324. 

t.  6214. 

325. 

t.  6215. 

t.  6219. 

326. 

t.  6221. 

327. 

t.  6224. 

328. 

t.  6227. 

329. 

t.  6229. 

330. 

t.  6231. 

331. 

t.  6233. 

332. 

t.  6240. 

333. 

t.  6247. 

334. 

t.  6250. 

t.  6251. 

335. 

t.  6252. 

t.  6262. 

336. 

t.  6268. 

337. 

t.  6270. 

338. 

t.  6273. 

339. 

t.  6278. 

340. 

t.  6279. 

341. 

t.  6285. 

342. 

343. 

t.  6296. 

344. 

t.  6302. 

345. 

t.  6303. 

346. 

t.  6311. 

347. 

t.  6319. 

348. 

t.  6322. 

349. 

350. 

t.  6326. 

361. 

352. 

t.  6329. 

353. 

t.  6330. 

t.  6332. 

364. 

t.  6333. 

355. 

t.  6334. 

t.  6336. 

356. 

t.  6345. 

357. 

t.  6346. 

358. 

t.  6353. 

t.  6354. 

359. 

t.  6357. 

360. 

t.  6370. 

361. 

t.  6393. 

362. 

t.  6400. 

363. 

t.  6403. 

364. 

t.  6431. 

365. 

Cypripedium  Lawrence- 
anum  .  .  .  .  t. 

Pachystoma  Thomsoni- 
anum  .  .  .  .  t. 

Conandron  ramondioides .  t. 

Cypripedium  Spicerianum  t. 


6482. 

6471. 
6484. 
6490. 
6496. 
6510. 
6521. 
6525. 
6531. 
6559. 


Mormordes  Ocanse  .  .  t. 
Chionographis  japonica  .  t. 
Stelis  Briickmiilleri  .  .  t. 
Crinum  purpurascens  .  t. 
Wormia  Burbidgei  .  .  t. 
Jasminum  gracillimum  .  t. 
Schismatoglottis  cris- 

pata  .  .  .  .  t.  6576. 
Primula  proculiformis  (ob- 

conica)  .  .  .  .  t.  6582. 
Drosera  capensis  .  .  t.  6683. 
Abelia  spathulata  .  .  t.  6601. 
Zephyranthes  citrina  .  t.  6605. 
Globba  atro-sanguinea  .  t.  6626. 
Columnea  Kalbreyeri  .  t.  6633. 
Celmisia  spectabilis  .  .  t.  6653. 
Utricularia  Endresii .  .  t.  6656. 
Hamamelis  japonica  .  .  t.  6659. 
Fraxinus  Mariesii  .  .  t.  6678. 
Saxifraga  cortusifolia  .  t.  6680. 
Hoya  linearis  .  .  .  t.  6682. 
Rogersia  podophylla.  .  t.  6691. 
Cephselis  tomentosa  .  .  t.  6696. 
Eranthemum  Borneense  .  t.  6701. 
Sarmienta  repens  .  .  t.  6720. 
Medinilla  Curtisii  .  .  t.  6730. 
Rhododendron  multicolor  t.  6769. 
Berberis  congestifolia,  var. 

hakeoides  .  .  .  t.  6770. 
Corylopsis  himalayana  .  t.  6779. 
Caryopteris  mastacan- 

thus  .  .  .  .  t.  6799. 
Eucomis  bicolor  .  .  t.  6816. 
Odontoglossum  O3rstedii  .  t.  6820. 
Rhododendron  javanicum. 

var.  tubiflora  .  .  .  t.  6860. 
Ixora  macrothyrsa  .  .  t.  6853. 
Myrmecodia  Beccarii  .  t.  6883. 
Tillandsia  chrysostachys  .  t.  6906. 
Amasonia  calycina  .  .  t.  6915. 
Pleurothallis  insignis  .  t.  6936. 
Phalfenopsis  Maries  .  .  t.  6964. 
Anthurium  Veitchii  ,  .  t.  6968, 


25 


INTRODUCTION 


366.  Heloniopsis  japonica 

367.  Masdevallia  gibberosa 

368.  Styrax  Obassia  . 

369.  Sarcochilus  luniferus 

370.  Licuala  Veitchii 

371.  Enkianthus       campanula- 

tus 

372.  Eucryphia  pinnatifolia 

373.  Heliamphora  nutans . 

374.  Zamia  Wallisii  . 

375.  Abies  brachyphylla   . 

376.  Caraguata  angustifolia 

377.  Nepenthes  Curtisii    . 

378.  Scaphosepalum       pulviri- 

are 

379.  Musa  Basjoo 

380.  Impatiens  mirabilis  . 

381.  Didymocarpus  lacunosa     . 

382.  .JSschynanthus  obconica   . 

383.  Dendrobium        atroviola- 

ceum       . 

384.  Trochodendron  aralioides . 

385.  Angrsecum  Kotschyi . 

386.  Scutellaria  formosana 

387.  Hypocyrta  pulchra    . 

388.  Celmisia  Munroi 

389.  Didymocarpus  malayana  . 

390.  Zamia  obliqua   . 

391.  Odontoglossum  retusum   . 

392.  Rhododendron      yunnan- 


t.  6986. 

393. 

t.  6990. 

t.  7039. 

394. 

t.  7044. 

395. 

t.  7053. 

396. 

397. 

t.  7059. 

398. 

t.  7067. 

399. 

t.  7093. 

400. 

t.  7103. 

401. 

t.  7114. 

402. 

t.  7137. 

403. 

t.  7138. 

404. 

405. 

t.  7151. 

406. 

t.  7182. 

407. 

t.  7195. 

408. 

t.  7236. 

409. 

t.  7336. 

410. 

411. 

t.  7371. 

412. 

t.  7376. 

413. 

t.  7442. 

414. 

t.  7458. 

416. 

t.  7468. 

416. 

t.  7496. 

417. 

t.  7526. 

418. 

t.  7542. 

419. 

t.  7569. 

420. 

421. 

t.  7614. 

422, 

Rhododendron    rubigino- 

sum        .        .        .  .  t.  7621. 

Elseagnus  macrophylla  .  t.  7638. 

Dryandra  calophylla  .  t.  7642. 

Rhododendron  dilatatum  .  t.  7681. 

Corylopsis  pauciflora  .  t.  7736. 

Lhotskya  ericoides    .  .  t.  7753. 

Coelogyne  Veitchii     .  .  t.  7764. 

Manettia  bicolor        .  .  t.  7776. 

Rubus  palmatus        .  .  t.  7801. 

Corydalis  thalictrifolia  .  t.  7830. 

Astilbe  Davidii  .        .  .  t.  7880. 

Hamamelis  mollis      .  .  t.  7884. 

Senecio  clivorum       .  .  t.  7902. 

Senecio  tanguticus    .  .  t.  7912. 

Lysimachia  crispidens  .  t.  7919. 

Corydalis  Wilsoni      .  .  t.  7939. 

Dicentra  chrysantha  .  t.  7954. 

Lysimachia  Henryi   .  .  t.  7961. 

Loropetalum  chinense  .  t.  7979. 

x  Zygocolax  Veitchii  .  t.  7980. 

Jasminum  primulinum  .  t.  7981. 

Dendrobium  bellatulum  .  t.  7985. 

Nepenthes  Rajah      .  .  t.  8017. 

Lycaste  Locusta        .  .  t.  8020. 

Meconopsis  integrifolia  .  t.  8027. 

Primula  tangutica     .  .  t.  8043. 

Sciadopitys  verticillata  .  t.  8050. 

Primula  Veitchii        .  .  t.  8051. 

Lonicera  pileata         .  .  t.  8060. 

Lonicera  tragophylla  .  t.  8064. 


26 


JAMKS     VEITCH 


JAMES     H.     VEITCH 


JAMES     VEITCH,     JUNIOR 


JOHN     VEITCI1 
HARRY     J.     VEITCH 


FAMILY   TREE 


John   Yeitch. 

Born  1752,  at  Jedburgh,  Scotland. 
Died  1839. 

Rented  land  at  Lower  Budlake,  near 
Killerton,  near  Exeter,  in  1808. 
Acquired  additional  land  in  1810. 
Moved  to  Mount  Radford  in  1832. 
Succeeded  in  1837  by 


James  Veitch. 

Born  1792. 
Died  1863. 

Nurseryman  at  Mount  Radford. 
Jarnes  Veitch  and  James  Veitch  junior,  as 
James  Veitch  &  Son,  of  Exeter,  ac- 
quired the  business  and   rented   the 
land    of    Messrs.   Knight    &    Perry, 
Chelsea,  in  1853. 
James  Veitch  remained  at  Mount  Radford, 

Topsham  Road,  Exeter. 
James  Veitch  junior  moved  to  Chelsea  in 
1853. 


James  Yeitch  junior. 

Born  1815. 
Died  1869. 

Nurseryman  at  Chelsea,  Coombe 
Wood,  &c.,  as  James  Veitch 
&  Son. 

Ceased  all  interest  in  the  Exeter 
firm  in  1864. 


Robert  Toswill  Yeitch. 

Born  1823. 

Died  1885. 

Nurseryman  at  New  North  Road  and 
High  Street,  Exeter,  in  1864,  on 
the  death  of  James  Veitch  in 
1863,  as  Robert  Veitch  &  Son. 


Peter  C.  M.  Yeitch. 

Nurseryman    at    Exeter    as    Robert 
Veitch  &  Son. 


Yeil 


John  Gould  Yeitch.*         Harry  James  Yeitch.*        Arthur  Yeitch. 

Born  1839.         *Nurserymen  at  Chelsea,  Coombe  Wood        Born  1844. 
Died  1870.  and    Langley,   as    James  Veitch        Died  1880. 

&  Sons. 


James  H.  Yeitch.        John  Gould  Yeitch. 

Nurserymen  at  Chelsea,  Coombe  Wood, 
Langley  and  Feltham,  as  James 
Veitch  &  Sons,  Ltd. 


27 


JOHN      OOfLD     VEITCH 


ARTHCK     VEITCH 


ROBERT      T.      VEITCH 


P.     C.     M.     VElTCil 
JOHN     G.     VEITCH 


CONTENTS 


PA  OF 

PREFACR    5 

INTRODUCTION 7 

FAMILY  TREE 27 

LIST  OF  ILLUSTRATIONS 31 

LIST  OF  EEFERENCES 33 

LIST  OF  TRAVELLERS 36 

LIVES  OF  TRAVELLERS 37 

LIST  OF  HYBRIDISTS 98 

LIVES  OF  HYBRIDISTS 99 

ORCHID  SPECIES Ill 

ORCHID  HYBRIDS 161 

STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 221 

INSECTIVOROUS  PLANTS 299 

EXOTIC  FERNS 311 

CONIFEROUS  TREES 335 

TREES  AND  SHRUBS — DECIDUOUS  AND  CLIMBING  PLANTS        ....  351 

TREES  AND  SHRUBS — EVERGREEN  AND  CLIMBING  PLANTS       ....  389 

HERBACEOUS  PLANTS 413 

BULBOUS  PLANTS 443 

BEGONIAS 455 

HIPPEASTRUMS 465 

ORCHID  HYBRIDIZATION ...  473 

NEPENTHES 483 

GREENHOUSE  RHODODENDRONS 493 

STREPTOCARPUS 503 

FRUITS 509 

VEGETABLES .        .  513 

INDEX 517 


LIST    OF    ILLUSTRATIONS 


THE  ORIGINAL  NURSERY  AT  CHELSEA     . 
SEQUOIA  ("WELLINGTONIA)  GIGANTEA 

FAMILY  PORTRAITS 

DITTO      DITTO  

MESSRS.  VEITCHS'  GOLD  MEDALS    . 

THUYA  GIGANTEA  (LoBBii)       .... 

CYPRIPEDIUM  VILLOSTJM 

EUCRYPHIA  PINNATIFOLl  4.          . 

SCIADOPITYS  VERTICILLATA       .... 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  CRISPUM  VEITCHIANUM  . 

ANTHURIUM  VEITCHII 

NEPENTHES  BICALCARATA          .... 

ABIES  VEITCHII 

CYPRIPEDIUM  CURTISII      .... 

SENECIO  CLIVORUM 

RHODODENDRON  BALSAMIN^FLORUM 
CYPRIPEDIUM  LAWRENCEANUM 
MASDEVALLIA  VEITCHIANA      .... 
ODONTOGLOSSUM  URO-SKINNERI 
CYPRIPEDIUM  x  "  JAMES  H.  VEITCH  " 
DENDROBIUM  x  ILLUSTRE  .... 

LuELIOCATTLEYA    DOMINIANA    IiANGLEYENSIS     . 

PHAL^ENOPSIS  x  "JOHN  SEDEN" 

AMASONIA  PUNICEA 

CANTUA  DEPENDENS  

CROTON  CAUDATUS  TORTILIS      .... 

LAPAGERIA  ROSEA 

OUVIRANDRA  FENESTRALIS         .... 
RHODODENDRON  VEITCHIANUM 

31 


Frontispiece 
To  face  page  10 
27 
28 
33 
39 

v  42 
46 
52 

„  60 
63 
76 
83 
86 

»  »  94 
„  107 
.,  123 
,.  140 
»  144 
»  177 
»  19° 
»  201 
..  214 
„  226 
„  238 
„  245 
»  270 
»  276 
286 


LIST    OF    ILLUSTRATIONS 

HELIAMPHORA  NUTANS     ....                ...       To  face  page  299 

SARRACENIA  x  COURTII „  „  307 

PLATYCERIUM  VEITCHII „  „  327 

ARAUCARIA  IMBRICATA „  „  337 

PICEA  POLITA „  „  342 

THUYOPSIS  DOLABRATA „  „  346 

CLEMATIS  MONTANA  RUBENS     .......  „  „  360 

MAGNOLIA  STELLATA „  „  370 

CEANOTHUS  VEITCHIANUS „  „  394 

OLEARIA  HAASTII ...  „  „  404 

ARTEMESIA  LACTIFLORA „  „  414 

MECONOPSIS  INTEGRIFOLIA „  „  424 

LlLIUM   AURATUM „  „  447 

BEGONIA  PEARCEI     .        . „  „  456 

HIPPEASTRUM  "EGLAMOR"       ...                .        .        .  „  „  466 

DENDROBIUM  x  EUOSMUM  EXCELLENS „  „  478 

NEPENTHES  x  MIXTA „  „  488 

EHODODENDRON  JAVANICO-JASMINIFLORUM  "NE  PLUS  ULTRA"  „  „  494 

STREPTOCARPUS  ACHIMENIFLORUS „  „  503 

GOOSEBERRY— "  GOLDEN  GEM" „  „  509 

CAULIFLOWER— "  AUTUMN  GIANT"  .  513 


32 


•     liu'SSIA 


ITALY 

ENGLAND 

FRANCE 


BELGIUM 

MESSRS.     VEITCHS'     GOLD      MEDALS 


LIST    OF    REFERENCES 


NAMB  IH  FULI, 

Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine 

Dictionnaire  Iconographique  des  Orehidees,  Bruxelles 
Die  Gartenwelt,  Leipsig. 
Flora  and  Sylva. 

Floral  Magazine 

Florist  and  Pomologist 

Garden  and  Forest 

Gordon's  Pinetum. 

Hooker's  Icones  Plantarum 

Hooker's  Species  Filicum 

Journal  of  Horticulture       .         .         . 
Journal  of  the  Linnean  Society  of  London 
Journal  of  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society 

La  Belgique  Horticole,  Liege 

La  Flore  des  Serres  et  des  Jardins  de  1'Europe,  Gand. 

1'Illustration  Horticole,  Gand 

Lindenia,  une  Iconographie  des  Orchidees  . 

Lindley's  Botanical  Register 

Lindley  and  Paxton's  Flower  Garden 

Loddige's  Botanical  Cabinet 

1'Orchidophile. 

London's  Encyclopaedia  of  Plants        .... 
Nicholson's  Illustrated  Dictionary  of  Gardening 
Orchid  Review. 

Paxton's  Magazine  of  Botany 

Plantse  Delavayanse. 

Proceedings  of  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society 

33 


ABBREVIATION 

Bot.  Mag. 

Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees. 


Fl.  Mag. 
Fl.  and  Pom. 
Gard.  and  For. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI. 
Hooker's  Sp.  Fil. 
Jour,  of  Hort. 
Jour.  Linn.  Soc. 
Jour.  R.H.S. 
La  Belg.  Hort. 
Fl.  des  Serres. 
PIllus.  Hort. 
Lindenia. 
Lindl.  Bot.  Reg. 
Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn. 
Lodd.  Bot.  Cab. 

Loudon's  Ency.  PI. 
Nich.  Diet.  Gard. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot. 
Proc.  R.H.S. 


LIST   OF   REFERENCES 


NAME  IN  FULL 

Hegel's  Gartenflora,  Erlangen. 
Reichenbachia,  Orchids  Illustrated  and  Described 
Reichenbach's  Xenia  Orchidacea         .... 

Revue  Horticole,  Paris 

Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs,  Illustrations  of  New  or 
Little-known  Ligneous  Plants,  &c.,  Boston,  U.S.A. 

The  Gardeners'  Chronicle 

The  Orchid  Album 

The  Orchid  Grower's  Manual 

Veitchs'  Manual  of  Coniferee 

Veitchs'  Manual  of  Orchidaceous  Plants 
Veitchs'  Catalogue  of  New  and  Rare  Plants 
Veitchs'  Catalogue  of  Trees  and  Shrubs 

Warner's  Select  Orchidaceous  Plants  . 


ABBBKVIATION 

Reichenbachia. 
Rchb.  Xen.  Orch. 
Rev.  Hort. 

Sargent's  Trees  audShrubs. 

Gard.  Chron. 

Orchid  Album. 

Williams'  Orch.  Man. 

Man.  Con. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

„  „       „     Irees 

and  Shrubs. 
Warner's  Selec.  Orch. 


34 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 


LIST   OF   MESSRS.    VEITCHS'   TRAVELLERS 


WILLIAM  LOBB 
THOMAS  LOBB 
KICHARD  PEARCE     . 
JOHN  GOULD  VEITCH 
DAVID  BOWMAN 
HENRY  BUTTON 
CARL  KRAMER 
GOTTLIEB  ZAHN 
GEORGE  DOWNTON  . 
J.  HENRY  CHESTERTON 
A.  E.  ENDRES 
GUSTAVE  WALLIS    . 
WALTER  DAVIS 
P.  C.  M.  VEITCH    . 
GUILLAUME  KALBREYER 
CHRISTOPHER  MUDD 
F.  W.  BURBIDGE     . 
CHARLES  MARIES    . 
CHARLES  CURTIS 
DAVID  BURKE 
JAMES  H.  VEITCH  . 
E.  H.  WILSON 


1840—1857 

1843—1860 

1859—1866 

1860—1870 

1866 

1866—1868 

1867—1868 

1869—1870 

1870—1873 

1870—1878 

1871—1873 

1872—1874 

1873—1876 

1875—1878 

1876—1881 

1877 

1877—1878 

1877—1879 

1878—1884 

1881—1897 

1891—1893 

1899—1905 


36 


LIVES    OF   TRAVELLERS 

WILLIAM  LOBB. 

COLLECTOR  IN  CALIFORNIA  AND  SOUTH  AMERICA. 
1840—1857. 

WILLIAM  LOBB  was  born  in  the  eastern  division  of  Cornwall. 
The  place  is  unknown,  nor  is  anything  known  of  his  early  life. 
When  a  young  man  he  applied  himself  to  gardening,  and  was 
in  1837  employed  in  the  nursery  of  Mr.  James  Veitch  senior 
at  Exeter.  In  this  same  year  Mr.  Veitch  sent  him  to  be 
gardener  to  Mr.  Stephen  Davey,  of  Redruth,  whose  horti- 
cultural establishment  appears  to  have  been  on  a  modest 
scale,  but  which,  under  Lobb's  management,  became 
thoroughly  efficient. 

For  a  long  time  William  Lobb  had  cherished  an  ardent 
desire  for  travel  and  adventure :  he  was  quick  of  observation, 
ready  in  resources,  and  practical  in  their  application  ;  he  had 
devoted  much  of  his  leisure  to  the  study  of  botany,  in  which 
considerable  proficiency  had  been  acquired.  Accordingly, 
after  three  years  in  Mr.  Davey's  service,  he  gladly  accepted 
the  proposal  of  Mr.  James  Veitch  senior  to  go  on  a  mission  to 
various  parts  of  South  America  for  the  purpose  of  collecting 
plants,  and  he  sailed  from  Plymouth  in  1840  for  Rio  Janeiro. 
On  his  arrival  in  Brazil  he  first  proceeded  to  ^tne'  Orgaos1 
Mountains,  and  met  with  several  beautiful  and  notable  orchids 
at  that  time  extremely  rare  in  English  gardens ;  he  then  left 
for  Chili,  crossing  the  great  Pampas  of  the  Argentine 
Republic  and  the  Chilian  Andes.  Continuing  his  journey 

37  D 


southwards,  Lobb  penetrated  the  great  Araucaria  forests,  where 
he  collected  a  large  quantity  of  seeds  of  Araucaria  imbricata, 
and  was  thus  instrumental  in  bringing  this  remarkable 
Conifer  into  general  use  for  ornamental  planting. 

He  returned  to  England  in  1844,  renewed  his  engagement, 
and  sailed  again  for  Brazil  in  April  of  the  following  year. 

After  sending  home  from  Rio  Janeiro  a  consignment  of 
plants  collected  in  Southern  Brazil,  he  proceeded  to  Valparaiso 
for  the  purpose  of  exploring  Southern  Chili,  at  that  time  but 
little  known  to  Europeans,  except  along  the  coast.  Here  a 
rich  harvest  awaited  him. 

Amongst  his  earliest  successful  introductions  from  this 
region  were  Lapageria  rosea,  Escallonia  macrantha,  Em- 
bothrium  coccineum,  Philesia  buxifolia,  and  Desfontainea 
spinosa. 

Following  up  these  brilliant  achievements,  he  continued 
explorations  in  Valdivia,  Chiloe,  and  Northern  Patagonia, 
where  he  collected  seeds  and  plants  of  Libocedrus  tetragona, 
Fitzroya  patagonica,  Saxe-Gothaea  conspicua,  and  Podocarpus 
nubigena,  "  four  most  interesting  Conifers  for  this  country, 
after  Araucaria  imbricata,  that  South  America  produces." 
Nor  must  mention  be  omitted  of  Berberis  Darwinii,  first 
introduced  to  British  gardens  during  this  interesting 
expedition.  Lobb  returned  to  England  in  1848. 

The  wonderful  Conifers  discovered  by  Douglas  in  California 
and  Oregon, w-ei-e  then  still  very  scarce  in  England,  and  young 
plants  of  most  of  the  species  could  scarcely  be  bought  :  it  was 
it'^rtafo'rfc  decided-  that  Lobb  should  proceed  to  California  with 
a  view  of  obtaining  seeds  of  all  the  most  important  kinds 
known,  and,  if  possible,  discover  others. 

He  landed  at  San  Francisco  in  the  summer  of  1849,  and  at 
once  made  arrangements  for  exploring  Southern  California. 

38 


LIVES    OF   TRAVELLERS 

One  of  the  first  fruits  of  the  expedition  was  the  successful 
introduction  of  Abies  bracteata. 

During  the  years  1850-1851  consignments  were  sent 
home  of  cones  and  seeds  of  Pinus  radiata,  P.  muricata,  P. 
Sabiniana,  P.  Coulteri  and  P.  tuberculata ;  and  also  of  many 
shrubs  and  flowering  plants,  quite  new  to  British  gardens. 

In  the  autumn  of  1851  his  operations  were  pushed  further 
north,  and  cones  and  seeds  collected  of  the  Redwood  (Sequoia 
sempervirens),  Pinus  Lambertiana,  P.  monticola,  and  others. 

In  1852  Lobb  made  an  excursion  to  the  Columbia  River 
and  Oregon,  where  he  succeeded  in  obtaining  seeds  of 
Abietia  (Pseudotsuga)  Douglasii  and  Abies  nobilis,  still  rare 
at  that  time  in  England,  and  the  beautiful  Thuia  provisionally 
named  after  him. 

Returning  through  North  California,  Lobb  collected  seeds 
of  Abies  grandis,  A.  magnifica,  which  he  sent  home  under 
the  name  of  A.  amabilis,  believing  it  to  be  the  A.  amabilis 
of  Douglas,  A.  concolor  Lowiana,  the  first  received  in 
England  of  that  fine  Fir,  Juniperus  californica,  and  of 
Pinus  ponderosa. 

In  1853  the  Sierra  Nevada  was  explored,  the  traveller 
tempted  by  the  reports  of  the  discovery  of  trees  of 
extraordinary  magnitude,  which  he  had  the  good  fortune  to 
find,  and  to  secure  the  first  cones  and  seeds  of  Sequoia 
gigantea  received  in  England. 

Lobb  brought  these  home  at  the  end  of  the  year,  and  with 
them  two  living  plants,  afterwards  planted  out  at  Exeter, 
where  they  survived  but  three  or  four  years,  nor  was  there 
at  any  time  much  hope  of  their  living. 

Lobb  returned  to  California  in  the  autumn  of  1854,  and 
from  that  time  up  to  the  end  of  1856  continued  to  send  home 
consignments  of  plants  and  seeds. 

39 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

In  1857  his  engagement  with  Mr.  Veitch  terminated.  He 
remained,  however,  in  California,  and  sent  collections  of  seeds 
to  England  from  time  to  time.  In  1863,  seized  with  paralysis, 
Lobb  lost  the  use  of  his  limbs ;  he  died  at  San  Francisco 
in  the  autumn  of  the  same  year,  and  was  buried  in  Lone 
Mountain  Cemetery. 

Eeference  :— Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  243. 


THOMAS  LOBB. 

COLLECTOR  IN  INDIA  AND  MALAYA. 
1843—1860. 

THOMAS  LOBB  was  a  native  of  Cornwall,  but  scarcely  anything 
is  known  of  his  early  life  till  he  entered  the  nursery  of  Mr. 
James  Veitch  senior,  of  Exeter,  by  whom  he  was  engaged  as  a 
collector.     From  an  agreement  dated  January  llth  1843  it 
appears  that  "  Thomas  Lobb  agrees  to  proceed  to  the  British 
Settlement  of  Singapore,  in  the  employ  of  James  Veitch  &  Son 
as  botanical  collector,    to   make  collections   of  living   plants, 
seeds,  and  dried  specimens  of  plants,   and  to  collect  for  the 
said   James  Veitch   &  Son  and   for  no   other  person.     The 
understanding   of  this   agreement   is  that   the  said   Thomas 
Lobb's  principal  destination  is  to  be  China,  should  that  country 
be  open  to  admit  a  botanical  collector,  and  in  the  absence   of 
any  definite   instructions  from  James  Veitch  &  Son,  Thomas 
Lobb  is  to  use  his  own  discretion  and  be  guided  by  existing 
circumstances  as  to  what  parts  of  China  he  proceeds  to,  and  if 
on  arrival  at  Singapore  he  finds  circumstances  are  not  favour- 
able  for   his   proceeding    to  China,  he  shall  be  at  liberty  to 
proceed  to  such  of  the  oriental  islands  as  may  appear  to  him 
most  desirable  ;  but  next  to  China  the  island  of  Java  appearing 
to   offer  the  greatest  advantages  to  a  botanical  collector  (if 
facilities  offer  for  exploring  the  same  with  safety),  he  is  directed 
to  proceed   thither,  but  it  is  left  to    his    own    discretion." 
Apparently  Lobb   did   not  find    China   ready   to   receive  a 

41 


botanical  collector,  and  he  adopted  the  alternative,  and  visited 
Java  and  the  adjacent  islands. 

By  a  second  agreement  Thomas  Lobb  agreed  to  go  to  India 
to  collect  plants,  seeds  and  other  objects  of  Natural  History 
for  three  years,  and  left  England  for  Calcutta  on  December 
25th  1848.  During  the  twenty  years  or  upwards  he  travelled 
for  the  Veitchian  firm  he  visited  the  Khasia  Hills,  Assam, 
and  other  parts  of  North-East  India,  and  subsequently 
Moulmein  and  parts  of  Lower  Burmah,  sending  home  from 
those  districts  most  of  the  finest  Orchids  found  there,  many 
previously  known  to  science,  but  introduced  by  him  to 
cultivation  for  the  first  time. 

Worthy  of  mention  among  these  are  Vanda  ccerulea, 
Coelogyne  (Pleione)  lagenaria,  C.  maculata,  Aerides  Fieldingi, 
A.  multiflorum  Lobbii,  A.  m.  Veitchii,  Dendrobium  infundi- 
bulum,  Calanthe  (Limatodes)  rosea,  and  Cypripedium  villosum. 

Lobb  afterwards  visited  the  southern  parts  of  the  Malay 
peninsula,  North  Borneo  (Labuan  and  Sarawak)  and  other 
Eastern  Isles,  when  he  discovered  and  introduced  the  ancestral 
forms  of  the  superb  and  useful  race  of  Rhododendrons, 
known  in  gardens  as  the  Javanico-jasminiflorum  hybrids  ; 
the  original  forms  being  Rhododendron  javanicum,  R.  Lobbii, 
R.  jasminiflorum  and  R.  Brookeanum. 

From  this  region,  too,  he  successfully  introduced  some  of 
the  first  Nepenthes  cultivated  in  British  gardens,  including 
Nepenthes  Rafflesiana,  N.  Veitchii,  N.  sanguinea,  and 
N.  ampullaria ;  and  among  the  very  many  Orchids  he  sent 
home  were  Vanda  tricolor  and  its  variety  suavis,  of  which  he 
was  also  the  discoverer  ;  Coelogyne  speciosa,  Calanthe  vestita, 
Cypripedium  barbatum,  and  others.  Lobb  subsequently 
went  to  the  Philippine  Islands,  and  collected  the  best  Orchids 
found  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Manila,  among  the  Phalsenopsis 

42 


CYPRIPEDIUM     VILLOSUM 


LIVES    OF    TRAVELLERS 

being  P.  intermedia,  the   first  natural  hybrid   subsequently 
proved  by  artificial  means. 

It  was  greatly  in  Lobb's  favour  that  much  of  the  region 
explored  was  virgin  soil  for  a  collector,  but  his  discrimination 
equalled  his  energy,  and  he  sent  home  but  few  plants  that 
proved  unworthy  of  cultivation.  It  is  not  saying  too  much  to 
assert  that  during  the  long  period  Lobb  collected  in  the  East, 
British  gardens  were  enriched  with  more  beautiful  plants  of 
Indo-Malayan  origin  than  by  any  single  collector  of  his  own 
or  any  other  time. 

Lobb  also  collected  many  herbarium  specimens,  a  list  of 
which  is  given  by  Planchon  in  Hooker's  London  Journal  of 
Botany,  1847-1848,  vols.  vi.,  vii.,  where  the  following  notice 
appears  regarding  them  : — 

"  Mr.  Reward,  Young  Street,  Kensington,  is  charged  with 
the  distribution  of  the  sets  of  the  exquisitely  beautiful  and  rare 
specimens  of  the  mountains  of  Java,  collected  by  Mr.  Thomas 
Lobb.  The  number  of  sets  is  but  small,  and  the  amount  of 
species  in  each  varies  from  100  to  200,  or  nearly  so. 

"  More  perfect  specimens  have  never  been  offered  for  sale." 

And  again  in  another  volume  : — 

"  The  early  numbers  of  this  valuable  collection  were  made 
by  Mr.  Thomas  Lobb  in  Java.  The  beauty  and  variety  of  the 
specimens  gave  such  satisfaction  to  the  subscribers  that 
Mr.  Lobb  has  extended  his  researches :  some  of  the  present 
list  are  from  Singapore  (a  very  large  collection  having  been 
lost  by  shipwreck)  ;  and  we  are  now  happy  to  say  that  a 
further  addition  has  arrived  of  extremely  interesting  and 
beautiful  specimens  from  Moulmein,  which  are  placed  in  the 
hands  of  Mr.  Reward  for  distribution. 

"  This  set  contains,  amongst  others  of  great  rarity  and  novelty, 
the  singular  Barclay  a  longifolia,  Wall.  (Linn.  Trans,  v.  15, 

43 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

p.  443,  t.  18),  with  flowers  resembling  in  structure  those 
of  Euryale,  and  the  leaves  in  shape  like  those  of  Scolopendrium 
vulgare  ;  a  plant  so  scarce  that  Dr.  Wallich  is  not  aware  that 
a  good  specimen  is  to  be  found  in  any  herbarium." 

The  genus  Lobbia,  of  the  order  Aristolochiacese,  founded 
by  Planchon  on  a  specimen  collected  by  Thomas  Lobb  in 
Singapore,  was  named  by  him  Lobbia  dependens,  the  generic 
name  being  given  to  commemorate  the  labours  of  the  two 
brothers,  Thomas  and  William  Lobb. 

In  manner  Lobb  was  modest  and  retiring,  of  few  words,  and 
it  was  difficult  to  get  him  to  describe  a  plant,  but  if  he 
ventured  on  calling  it  "  very  pretty,"  it  was  quite  sufficient 
to  induce  extra  care. 

As  the  result  of  exposure  in  his  work,  he  had  the  misfortune 
to  lose  one  of  his  legs,  a  circumstance  which  induced  him  to 
settle  at  Devoran  in  Cornwall,  where  he  remained  for  the 
rest  of  his  life,  and  it  is  rather  remarkable  that  the  only  time 
he  was  induced  to  leave  his  home  was  to  pay  a  visit  to  his  last 
employer,  Mr.  James  Veitch  junior,  with  whom  he  was 
staying  on  the  occasion  of  his  sudden  death  in  1869. 

Thomas  Lobb  died  on  April  30th  1894,  at  Devoran  in 
Cornwall,  at  a  very  advanced  age. 

References : — Hooker's  London  Journal  of  Botany,  1847-1848,  p.  145 ; 
Journal  of  Botany,  1894,  vol.  xxxii.  p.  191  ;  Cottage  Gardener,  xiii. 
p.  274 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  636. 


RICHARD   PBARCE. 
COLLECTOR  IN  CHILI,  PERU  AND  BOLIVIA. 
1859—1866. 

THE  name  of  this  collector  is  indissolubly  connected  with  the 
history  of  the  Tuberous  Begonia,  for  it  was  to  his  energy  and 
daring  as  a  traveller  that  we  are  indebted  for  the  introduction 
of  the  early  species  from  Bolivia  and  Peru. 

Richard  Pearce  was  born  at  Stoke  Devonport,  and  was  first 
employed  in  the  nursery  of  Mr.  Pontey  in  the  town  of 
Plymouth,  where  he  stayed  till  about  the  year  1858,  when  he 
entered  the  nursery  at  Mount  Radford,  near  Exeter. 

It  appears  by  an  agreement  drawn  up  between  James 
Veitch  &  Son,  of  the  Mount  Radford  Nursery,  Exeter,  and 
Richard  Pearce, -in  February  1859,  that  the  latter  agreed  to 
go  out  to  South  America  for  three  years  as  collector  of  plants, 
seeds,  land-shells  and  other  objects  of  Natural  History. 

Pearce  was  instructed  to  proceed  to  Valparaiso  in  South 
America,  and  collect  in  Chili  and  Patagonia.  His  particular 
attention  was  directed  to  the  collection  of  seeds  of  Libocedrus 
tetragona,  at  that  time  supposed  to  be  the  tree  which 
produced  the  famous  Alerze  timber ;  the  Lapageria  rosea  and 
L.  alba ;  the  Chilian  Pine  (Araucaria  imbricata),  and  other 
hardy  trees  and  shrubs ;  secondly,  to  procure  such  plants  as 
require  a  greenhouse  temperature  ;  and  thirdly,  Orchidaceae 
and  stove  and  greenhouse  flowering  plants. 

Pearce  carried  out  these  instructions,  and  besides  the  above- 

45 


HORTUS   VETTCHII 

named  plants  obtained  and  introduced  Prumnopitys  elegans, 
Podocarpus  nubigena,  Eucryphia  pinnatifolia,  several 
Bomareas,  Thibaudia  acuminata,  Ourisia  coccinea,  0.  Pearcei 
and  quantities  of  Ferns.  At  the  same  time,  through  his 
researches,  the  true  Alerze-producing  tree  was  found  to  be 
Fitzroya  patagonica  and  not  Libocedrus  tetragona  as  had  been 
generally  supposed. 

During  1860  Pearce  made  many  journeys  to  the  Cordilleras 
and  the  interior  of  the  country,  to  Los  Bafios,  the  Baths  of 
Chilian,  and  to  Los  Luganos,  the  Lakes. 

Of  the  scenery  of  that  part  of  the  Cordilleras  which  he 
explored  he  writes  : — "  It  is  of  the  most  charming  description 
—gently  undulating  meadows  covered  with  a  carpet  of  short 
grass,  placid  lakes  reflecting  from  their  smooth  surface  the 
mountains  around,  foaming  cataracts  and  gentle  rivulets, 
deep  gorges  and  frightful  precipices,  over  which  tumble 
numerous  dark,  picturesque  waterfalls  reaching  the  bottom 
in  a  cloud  of  spray,  high  rocky  pinnacles  and  lofty  peaks, 
surround  one  on  every  side. 

"  Nor  is  the  vegetation  less  beautiful  and  interesting.  At 
an  elevation  of  4,000  ft.  the  vegetation  exhibits  a  totally 
different  character  from  that  of  the  coast.  Here  one  finds 
Antarctic  Beeches  (Fagus  antarctica  and  F.  betuloides),  which 
constitute  with  Fitzroya  patagonica  the  large  forest  trees. 
The  Embothrium  coccineum,  Desfontainea  spinosa,  Philesia 
buxifolia,  three  species  of  Berberis,  Pernettya  and  Gaultheria 
are  the  most  abundant  of  the  flowering  shrubs,  whilst  the 
numerous  pretty  little  rock-plants  meet  one  at  every  step  with 
their  various  forms  and  colours." 

Early  in  1862  Pearce  left  Chili,  travelled  north  to  Peru  and 
Bolivia  in  search  of  stove  and  greenhouse  plants,  and  plants 
with  fine  foliage,  From  Cuenca  he  sent  a  good  number  of 

46 


- 


'S-* 

"      ""v^ '  iX 


EUCRYPHIA      PINNATIFOLIA 


LIVES    OF   TRAVELLERS 

seeds,  including  Befaria  ledifolia,  Lisianthus  magnificus, 
Calceolaria  ericoides,  and  several  good  Tacsonias,  and  from 
Guayaquil  despatched  some  six  large  cases  of  plants,  amongst 
which  was  the  handsome  Maranta  Veitchii. 

It  appears  from  a  second  agreement  drawn  up  between 
James  Veitch  &  Son,  of  the  Mount  Radford  Nursery,  Exeter, 
and  Richard  Pearce,  in  January  1863,  that  the  latter  again 
agreed  to  go  to  South  America  for  three  years  to  collect 
plants,  seeds  and  other  objects  of  Natural  History.  He  was 
to  proceed  to  Lima,  thence  to  Muiia  and  Veloc,  and  after- 
wards to  such  parts  of  South  America  as  by  written  instruc- 
tions to  him  should  be  determined.  Particular  attention 
was  to  be  directed  to  the  Province  of  Teukamon,  should 
there  be  facilities  for  reaching  that  country. 

Amongst  other  fine  additions  from  Muna  were  Aphelandra 
nitens,  Gymnostachys  Pearcei,  and  Sanchezia  nobilis — three 
well-known  and  much-prized  stove  plants. 

Pearce  succeeded  in  reaching  Teukamon,  where  he  collected 
Nierembergia  rivularis  and  N.  Veitchii,  Begonia  boliviensis, 
Palava  flexuosa,  Mutisia  decurrens  and  several  Peperomias. 

The  next  journey  was  to  La  Paz,  and  in  November  1865 
were  sent  home,  Begonia  Pearcei,  B.  Veitchii,  a  number  of 
good  Hippeastrums,  such  as  H.  pardinum  and  H.  Leopoldii, 
the  progenitors  of  that  magnificent  race  of  garden  varieties 
(Amaryllis)  so  general  to-day,  and  two  or  three  excellent 
species  of  Ecremocarpus  subsequently  lost. 

On  returning  from  La  Paz  in  1866  Pearce's  engagement  with 
James  Veitch  &  Son  terminated,  and  he  returned  to  his  home 
at  Plymouth,  where  he  married. 

In  1867  he  came  to  London  and  entered  into  an  engagement 
with  the  late  Mr.  William  Bull  to  travel  in  South  America. 

On  arrival  in  Panama,  he  was  taken  ill  on  July  13th, 

47 


HORTUS    VE1TCHII 

and  died  on  the  17th  of  that  month,  of  a  bilious  remittent 
fever. 

As  a  botanical  collector  Pearce  was  one  of  the  best,  and  his 
untimely  death  was  a  great  loss  to  the  world  of  Horticulture. 

References : — "  The  Tuberous  Begonia,"  by  W.  Wynne,  ed.  1,  1888, 
with  sketch  of  Pearce's  travels  and  portrait ;  Journal  of  Botany, 
1868,  pp.  320,  134 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  pp.  874,  893. 


48 


JOHN   GOULD   VEITCH. 

COLLECTOR  IN  JAPAN,  SOUTH  SEA  ISLANDS,  AND  AUSTRALIA. 

1860—1870. 

JOHN  GOULD  VEITCH  was  born  at  Exeter  in  1839.  He  was  at 
an  early  age  initiated  in  the  working  of  the  nursery  business, 
and  took  an  active  part  in  the  management  of  the  Veitchian 
establishment  after  its  removal  to  Chelsea  in  1853,  at  that 
time  rapidly  acquiring  prestige  through  the  introduction  of 
new  plants,  a  prestige  it  was  determined  to  maintain,  and  if 
possible  enhance. 

His  majority  scarcely  attained,  an  opportunity  offered  by 
the  opening  of  the  ports  of  Japan  to  foreigners,  and  in 
April  1860  John  Gould  Veitch  started  on  a  voyage  to  the 
Far  East,  arriving  at  Nagasaki  in  the  July  following. 

He  remained  in  Japan  about  a  year,  collecting  plants, 
many  previously  unknown  in  British  gardens. 

Attached  to  the  suite  of  Sir  Rutherford  Alcock,  the 
British  Envoy  to  Japan,  he  was  enabled  to  make  the  ascent 
of  Fujiyama,  and  was  one  of  the  first  Europeans  to  reach 
the  summit  of  the  "  sacred  mountain." 

After  despatching  the  collections  to  Europe  he  proceeded 
to  the  Philippine  Islands  on  a  similar  mission,  but  with 
the  especial  object  of  obtaining  plants  of  various  species 
of  Phalaenopsis,  natives  of  the  islands,  at  that  period 

49 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

extremely  rare  in  European  gardens.     The   mission  proved 
successful. 

The  result  of  the  voyage  to  Japan  was  the  enrichment  of 
European  gardens  with  many  choice  coniferous  trees,  several 
beautiful  evergreen  and  deciduous  trees  and  shrubs,  various 
herbaceous  and  other  plants  and  bulbs.  Amongst  the  first 
named  are  Abies  firma,  A.  microsperma,  Cryptomeria  japonica 
elegans,  Cupressus  obtusa  varieties,  Juniperus  chinensis  aurea, 
Larix  leptolepis,  Picea  Alcockiana,  P.  ajanensis,  P.  polita, 
Pinus  densiflora,  P.  parviflora,  P.  Thunbergii,  Tsuga  diversi- 
folia,  and  the  introduction  in  quantity  of  the  rare  Sciadopitys 
verticillata ;  among  the  latter  especial  mention  should  be  made 
of  several  beautiful  forms  of  Acer  palmatum,  Ampelopsis 
Veitchii  (Vitis  inconstans),  Lilium  auratum,  Primula  japonica 
and  P.  cortusoides. 

The  spirit  of  enterprise  and  the  desire  of  further  important 
discoveries  induced  him  again  to  undertake  a  long  voyage 
to  the  East,  and  in  1864  John  Gould  Veitch  sailed  for 
Australia  and  the  South  Sea  Islands,  returning  to  England 
in  February  1866. 

Among  the  most  enduring  results  of  the  second  voyage 
was  the  introduction  of  many  richly  coloured  Crotons  and 
Dracaenas  (varieties  of  Codiseum  and  Cordyline),  the  fore- 
runners of  the  handsome  races  now  so  constantly  in  request 
for  decorative  purposes  ;  the  beautiful  Pandanus  Veitchii,  the 
elegant  Aralia  Veitchii,  and  other  plants  of  merit  were  also 
added  to  our  stoves. 

In  the  early  part  of  1867  this  most  successful  traveller 
was  taken  ill  with  an  affection  of  the  lungs,  from  which, 
however,  under  careful  treatment  he  rallied  for  a  time,  but 
in  August  1870  haemorrhage  set  in,  and  he  died  shortly 
afterwards,  at  the  early  age  of  thirty-one. 

50 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

In  reference  to  the  introduction  of  several  of  the  most 
distinct  Japanese  conifers  the  following  letter  appeared  in 
the  Times  from  Mr.  Veitch  junior  : — 

"To  THE  EDITOK  OF  THE   Times. 

"  SIR, — A  paragraph  under  the  head  of  '  Expeditious 
Journey  to  Japan '  appears  in  your  paper  of  to-day, 
which,  by  inference,  gives  the  credit  of  first  finding  and 
forwarding  to  England  seeds  of  the  Sciadopitys  verti- 
cillata,  or  umbrella  pine,  to  Mr.  Robert  Fortune. 

"  I  have  not  the  slightest  desire  to  detract  from  Mr. 
Fortune  in  any  way,  and  I  hope  his  researches  in  China 
and  Japan  will  prove  valuable  to  the  botanical  public, 
but  as  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch  arrived  in  Japan  on  the 
20th  of  July  last  (which  was  before  Mr.  Fortune  had  left 
England),  and  obtained  and  forwarded  seeds  of  that 
magnificent  tree,  and  of  the  scarcely  less  beautiful  one, 
Thuiopsis  dolobrata,  on  the  22nd  of  September,  nearly 
a  month  before  Mr.  Fortune  reached  Japan,  I  feel  bound, 
in  simple  justice  to  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch,  to  state  the 
fact,  that  he  may  have  the  full  credit  due  to  him  of  first 
introducing  into  England  so  fine  a  tree :  and  I  shall 
therefore  be  obliged  by  your  inserting  this  letter  in  your 
paper  of  to-morrow. 

"  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch  has  also  discovered  and  sent 
home  seeds  of  numerous  other  fine  trees  and  shrubs,  one 
of  which,  a  beautiful  new  fir,  he  has  named  Abies  Alcock- 
iana,  in  compliment  to  Mr.  Rutherford  Alcock,  Her 
Majesty's  Minister  at  Jeddo,  to  whose  kind  assistance  he 
has  been  much  indebted  ;  and  another  entirely  new  pine 
has  been  named  by  Professor  Lindley  Abies  Veitchii,  in 
compliment  to  the  discoverer. 

51 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

"  These  seeds,  with  a  number  of  others  forwarded  by 
Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch,  are  now  being  raised  at  our 
establishments  at  Chelsea  and  Exeter. 

"  Full  particulars  of  Mr.  J.  G.  Veitch's  arrival  in 
Japan,  with  the  particulars  of  his  first  collection  sent 
home,  have  appeared  in  the  Gardeners  Chronicle,  of 
which  I  enclose  you  extracts. 

"  The  fact  of  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch  being  my  son  will 
plead  my  apology  for  troubling  you. 

tl  I  am,  Sir,  your  most  obedient  servant, 

"JAMES  VEITCH  JUNIOR. 

"  Royal  Exotic  Nursery,  King's  Road,  Chelsea,  S.W. 
"  February  12th  1861." 

References  : — Gard.  Chron.  1860-1862,  passim,  "  Extracts  from  Mr.  John 
Gould  Veitch's  Letters  on  Japan";  id.  1866,  passim,  "Extracts 
from  the  Journal  of  Mr.  John  Gould  Veitch  during  a  Trip  to  the 
Australian  Colonies  and  the  South  Sea  Islands ;  "  Man.  Con.  1900, 
ed.  2,  p.  543. 


52 


SCIADOPITYS     VERTICILLATA 

THE     DELL,     EGHAM 


DAVID  BOWMAN. 

COLLECTOR   IN   BRAZIL. 

1866. 

DAVID  BOWMAN  was  born  at  Arniston  near  Edinburgh, 
where  his  father  was  a  gardener  in  a  small  position,  on 
September  3rd  1838. 

His  gardening  career  commenced  at  Arniston  under  the 
father,  and  subsequently  he  went  to  the  gardens  at  Dalhousie 
Castle,  Archerfield,  and  Dunmore  Park,  in  Scotland,  coming 
later  to  England  to  enter  the  gardens  of  the  Royal  Horti- 
cultural Society  at  Chiswick  as  foreman. 

Bowman  left  England  early  in  1866  on  our  behalf  for 
Rio  de  Janeiro,  Brazil,  whence  he  sent,  with  other  plants, 
Dieffenbachia  Bowmani,  which  perpetuates  his  name,  and 
Paullinia  thalictrifolia,  a  pretty  stove  climber  with  beautiful 
fern-like  foliage. 

He  subsequently  sent  home  plants  to  the  Royal  Horticul- 
tural Society,  to  Mr.  Wilson  Saunders,  and  other  amateurs, 
but  when,  having  collected  a  large  number  in  the  vicinity  of 
Bogota,  and  preparing  to  sail  for  England,  he  suffered  heavy 
losses  through  robbery,  and  his  stay  had  to  be  prolonged. 

Shortly  after  this  Bowman  contracted  a  violent  attack  of 
dysentery,  from  which  he  died  on  June  25th  1868. 

He  is  buried  in  the  British  cemetery  at  Bogota. 

References  : — Gard.  Chron.  1868,  pp.  924,  942. 

53  E 


HENRY  BUTTON. 

COLLECTOR  IN  JAVA  AND  THE  MALAY  ARCHIPELAGO. 

1866—1868. 

HENRY  BUTTON,  a  son  of  a  former  head-gardener  to  Lord 
Houghton,  already,  in  young  days,  an  ardent  student  and 
promising  explorer,  was  sent  on  a  collecting  mission  to  the 
East  in  1866. 

After  twelve  months'  residence  in  Java,  when  it  was  hoped 
he  had  become  sufficiently  inured  to  the  climate  to  extend  his 
explorations,  his  health  broke  down  and  he  fell  a  victim  to  his 
enthusiasm. 

In  commemoration  of  his  zealous  services  and  early  death, 
his  name  is  associated  with  a  new  species  of  Cymbidium* 
he  was  the  means  of  introducing  to  this  country  from  Java, 
together  with  Saccolabium  (Aerides)  Huttoni  from  the  same 
country,  and  Dendrobium  Huttoni,  which  he  sent  from  the 
island  of  Timor  in  the  Malay  Archipelago.  He  rediscovered 
and  successfully  introduced  the  very  rare  Vanda  insignis. 

*  Cymbidium  Huttoni,  Hook.  f.  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5676. 


CARL    KRAMER. 

COLLECTOR  IN  JAPAN  AND  COSTA  RICA. 
1867—1868. 

CARL  KRAMER,  son  of  the  late  Herr  Kramer,  gardener  to 
Senator  Janisch  of  Flotbeck  near  Hamburg,  the  well-known 
possessor  of  a  once  fine  collection  of  Orchids,  was  sent  on  a 
collecting  mission  to  Japan  to  supplement  the  collection  made 
there  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  but  his  mission  was  a 
failure. 

He  was  afterwards  sent  to  Costa  Rica  and  Guatemala  for 
Orchids,  but  he  again  sent  home  little  of  note.  Kramer 
proved  entirely  unsuitable  for  the  work  he  had  undertaken, 
and  apparently  had  not  that  adaptability  and  resource  essential 
to  successful  exploration. 

His  name  is  associated  with  a  species  of  Odontoglossum* 
allied  to  0.  citrosmum,  introduced  from  Costa  Rica  in  1868. 

*  Odontoglossum  Krameri,  Bchb.  f.  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  98. 


55 


GOTTLIEB    ZAHN. 

COLLECTOR  IN  CENTRAL  AMERICA. 
1869—1870. 

A  GERMAN  who  collected  during  1869  and  1870  in  Central 
America,  sending  several  consignments  of  plants,  for  the  most 
part  Orchids  and  Ferns. 

The  main  object  of  Zahn's  journey  was  the  introduction  of 
the  rare  Odontoglossum  Warscewiczii  (Miltonia  Endresii), 
discovered  by  Warscewicz  about  the  year  1849,  but  which 
hitherto  had  resisted  all  attempts  at  introduction ;  Zahn  also 
failed,  and  it  was  left  for  Endres  (q.v.)  two  years  later  to 
accomplish  this  often  attempted  task. 

Zahn  arrived  in  Panama  in  September  1869,  collected  in  the 
neighbourhood  of  Chiriqui,  and  was  proceeding  to  Costa  Rica, 
when  he  perished  by  drowning. 

In  gardens  his  name  is  perpetuated  by  the  beautiful  Bro- 
meliaceous  plant,  distributed  as  Tillandsia  Zahnii,  but  now 
correctly  named  Caraguata  Zahnii. 

Reference  : — Bot.  Mag.  sub  t.  6059. 


56 


GEORGE   DOWNTON. 

COLLECTOR  IN  CENTKAL  AND  SOUTH  AMERICA  AND  THE 
ISLANDS  OF  JUAN  FERNANDEZ. 

1870—1873. 

GEORGE  DOWNTON  received  part  of  his  early  training  in  Horti- 
culture in  the  gardens  of  Wilton  House,  Salisbury,  under 
Mr.  T.  Challis,  V.M.H.,  and  afterwards  in  the  Royal  Horti- 
cultural Society's  Gardens  at  Chiswick,  where  he  distinguished 
himself  as  a  student,  winning  in  1870  both  the  Royal 
Horticultural  Society's  and  the  Society  of  Arts'  first  prizes 
for  Floriculture  and  Fruit  and  Vegetable  culture. 

In  1870  he  was  engaged  as  a  plant- collector,  and  sent  for 
Orchids  to  Central  America,  whence  he  forwarded  several 
consignments  to  Chelsea ;  he  was  subsequently  instructed 
to  join  Endres,  plant-collecting  on  our  behalf  in  Costa  Rica. 

Downton  succeeded  in  joining  Endres,  and  brought  to 
England  shortly  afterwards  the  result  of  their  joint  enterprise, 
principally  Orchids,  and  a  few  plants  (the  bulk,  unfortunately, 
succumbed  en  route)  of  the  long-desired  and  much-sought-for 
Odontoglossum  Warscewiczii  (Miltonia  Endresii). 

In  October  1871  he  started  on  a  mission  to  Chili,  to 
collect  a  further  supply  of  seed  of  Embothrium  coccineum, 
Tropaeolum  azureum,  T.  tricolor,  and  other  plants  of  horti- 
cultural interest,  and  to  introduce  any  new  plants  he  might 
be  fortunate  enough  to  discover. 

57 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Downton  visited  the  little-known  islands  of  Juan  Fernandez 
in  1873,  and  sent  home  many  fine  ferns,  including  Dicksonia 
berteroana,  several  half-hardy  shrubs,  such  as  Tricuspidaria 
dependens  (Crinodendron  Hookeri),  and  various  species  of 
Berberis,  Eugenia,  and  Citharexylon. 

On  the  termination  of  his  engagement  in  1873  he  entered 
the  service  of  an  English  firm  of  coffee-planters,  and  con- 
tinued to  reside  in  Central  America  until  his  death,  which 
took  place  suddenly  about  1895. 


58 


J.  HENRY  CHESTERTON. 
COLLECTOR   IN    SOUTH   AMERICA. 
1870—1878. 

VERY  little  is  known  of  the  early  life  of  this  traveller,  who 
was  afterwards  such  a  very  successful  orchid-collector  over  a 
wide  area  in  South  America. 

When  this  collector  first  came  to  notice  he  was  serving  as 
valet  to  a  gentleman  who  travelled  much  in  foreign  lands,  and 
as  Chesterton  wished  to  bring  home  with  him  some  of  the  floral 
treasures  that  he  met  with  during  his  travels,  he  applied  to 
Messrs.  Veitch  for  information  as  to  the  best  means  of  packing. 

Such  information  and  advice  as  was  likely  to  prove  useful 
was  readily  given,  and  opportunities  offered  him  of  seeing 
plants  packed  for  long  journeys,  and  of  examining  those  newly 
imported,  by  which  he  was  enabled  to  form  an  idea  of  the 
great  care  required  to  safely  convey  living  plants  thousands 
of  miles  by  sea  and  through  various  climates  and  greatly 
varying  temperatures. 

Nothing  more  was  heard  of  Chesterton  for  some  time,  until, 
on  arriving  in  England  from  a  visit  to  South  America,  he 
came  to  Chelsea  with  a  collection  of  Orchids,  so  carefully 
packed  and  well  looked  after,  that  they  arrived  in  the  best 
possible  condition. 

In  return  for  the  information  given,  he  made  Messrs. 
Veitch  the  first  offer  of  purchase,  which  was  accepted, 
and  the  collection  passed  into  our  hands.  Subsequently  he 

59 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

entered  our  service  as  a  traveller,  and  made  several  journeys 
to  South  America  in  search  of  Orchids. 

The  special  object  for  which  Chesterton  was  engaged  was  the 
introduction  of  the  much-talked-of  and  long- desired  "  scarlet 
Odontoglossum  "  (Miltonia  vexillaria),  the  existence  of  which 
was  made  known  through  Bowman,  afterwards  by  Wallis 
and  Roezl,  all  of  whom  made  unsuccessful  attempts  at  its 
introduction. 

Provided  with  but  the  scantiest  information  as  to  the  native 
habitat,  long  kept  secret  and  shrouded  in  mystery,  Chesterton 
started,  and  not  only  succeeded  in  discovering  the  plant, 
but  safely  introduced  it  to  Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  1873.  Some  of  the  finest  forms  of  Odonto- 
glossum crispum  were  sent  home  by  Chesterton,  one  named 
Chestertonii  by  Professor  Reichenbach  in  compliment  to  its 
discoverer :  some  fine  Masdevallias  were  also  sent  home, 
including  the  beautiful  Masdevallia  coccinea  Harryana. 

After  his  engagement  with  us  terminated  Chesterton 
continued  to  collect  plants  on  his  own  behalf  and  for  several 
other  firms  until  his  death,  which  took  place  in  South  America 
in  1883. 

The  following  obituary  note  was  contained  in  the  Shipping 
List  of  January  30th  1883  :— 

"Mr.  J.  H.  Chesterton,  the  botanist,  died  at  Puerto  Berrio 
on  the  26th.  He  had  been  quite  ill,  but  left  the  hotel 
'  San  Nicholas,'  thinking  that  he  had  sufficiently  improved 
to  be  able  to  make  his  trip  up  the  river.  Sad  mistake ! 
He  continued  to  decline,  and  was  barely  put  on  shore  at 
Puerto  Berrio  ere  he  died.  Poor  Chesterton's  reckless  spirit 
rendered  him  very  efficient  as  a  plant- collector." 

Reference: — "  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI."  pt.  viii.  p.  113. 

60 


en 
en 

O 
.4 
O 
O 
H 
^ 
O 
O 
O 


A.  R.  ENDRES. 

COLLECTOR  IN  COSTA  RICA. 

1871—1873. 

THIS  traveller  was  a  half-caste  named  to  us  by  Mr.  James 
Bateman,  who  had  employed  him  to  collect  Orchids  in 
Guatemala  through  Mr.  G.  Ure- Skinner. 

On  the  untimely  death  of  Zahn  by  drowning,  Endres,  at 
that  time  in  Costa  Rica,  was  engaged  to  continue  Zahn's  work 
and  search  for  rare  plants  known  to  exist  in  that  country, 
more  especially  Odontoglossum  Warscewiczii  (Miltonia  En- 
dresii),  Cattleya  Dowiana,  and  Anthurium  Scherzerianum, 
all  at  that  time  valuable  plants. 

Endres  commenced  collecting  in  1871,  and  was  later  joined 
by  Downton  (q.v.),  who  brought  the  collection  to  England. 

Many  Orchids  were  subsequently  sent  home,  but  few  of. 
horticultural  merit,  with  the  exception  of  Cattleya  Dowiana 
and  Miltonia  Endresii ;  the  mission,  which  terminated  in 
April  1873,  was  expensive  and  scarcely  a  success. 

Epidendrum  Endresii,  Odontoglossum  Warscewiczii  (Mil- 
tonia Endresii)  and  Utricularia  Endresii  commemorate  this 
traveller's  name. 

References  :— Bot.  Mag.  sub  tt.  7855  and  6656.     "  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI." 

pt.  viii.  p.  101. 


61 


GUSTAVE    WALLIS. 

COLLECTOR  IN  BRAZIL,  NEW  GEENADA,  AND  VARIOUS  PARTS 
OF  TROPICAL  SOUTH  AMERICA. 

1872—1874. 

GUSTAVE  WALLIS  was  born  on  May  1st  1830,  at  Liineburg, 
Hanover,  where  his  father  was  an  advocate. 

Deaf  and  dumb  until  he  was  six  years  of  age,  it  was  not  till 
1836  that  he  could  articulate.  About  this  time  the  father 
died,  leaving  the  mother  a  widow  with  six  children.  Her 
means  of  support  gone,  she  was  compelled  to  leave  Liineburg 
and  retire  to  Detmold,  her  native  town.  In  this  romantic 
and  picturesque  country,  surrounded  by  mountains  and 
forests,  young  Wallis  spent  his  schooldays,  and  developed 
that  love  of  Nature  and  of  Botany  which  excited  in  maturer 
years  such  a  strong  desire  to  see  foreign  lands,  and  above  all 
the  tropics. 

The  youth  possessed  an  indomitable  energy,  and  in  spite 
of  his  defective  speech  acquired  considerable  proficiency  in 
foreign  languages,  an  accomplishment  which  always  stood 
him  in  good  stead  during  his  career. 

At  the  age  of  sixteen  Wallis  was  apprenticed  to  a  gold- 
smith, but,  disliking  the  work,  it  was  abandoned,  and  he 
became  apprenticed  to  a  gardener  at  Detmold. 

After  the  term  of  apprenticeship  had  terminated  he  obtained 
employment  at  Munich,  and  during  this  period  he  made 
several  excursions  to  the  Alps,  for  the  purpose  of  collecting 

62 


ANTHURIUM      VEITCHII 

PALMEN      GARTEN,     F  R  AN  KF  U  RT- AM-MAIN 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

and  studying  in  their  native  habitats  the  plants  belonging  to 
those  rugged  regions. 

In  1856  Wallis  went  to  Southern  Brazil,  and  in  connection 
with  a  German  house  started  a  horticultural  establishment, 
but  owing  to  the  failure  of  the  parent  firm  the  branch  ceased 
to  exist,  and  Wallis  was  left  practically  penniless. 

In  1858  he  offered  his  services  as  a  plant-collector  to  the  late 
M.  Linden  of  Brussels,  who  accepted  them,  and  Wallis  then 
commenced  his  remarkable  journey  across  the  continent  of 
South  America,  from  the  mouth  to  the  source  of  the  Amazon, 
exploring  that  great  river  as  well  as  some  of  the  more 
important  tributaries. 

In  1870  he  entered  Messrs.  Veitchs'  service  and  proceeded 
to  the  Philippines  to  obtain  as  his  principal  object  plants  of 
various  species  of  Phalaenopsis  known  to  inhabit  the  Islands. 

Seyfarth,  a  young  German,  was  sent  to  Manila  to  bring 

the  collection  home. 

The  mission  proved  very  expensive,  was  practically  a 
failure,  and  Wallis  had  to  be  recalled. 

In  December  1872  he  was  sent  to  New  Grenada,  a 
country  already  known  to  him,  and  returned  in  1874,  with 
many  fine  tropical  plants,  including  Anthurium  Veitchii, 
A.  Warocqueanum,  and  several  interesting  Orchids. 

After  his  engagement  terminated  he  still  continued  to  collect 
plants  in  South  America,  and  commenced  his  last  journey  at 
the  end  of  the  summer  of  1875,  when  he  left  to  explore  the 
north  and  central  regions  of  South  America. 

Wallis  was  next  heard  of  at  Panama,  dangerously  ill 
with  fever,  from  which  he,  however,  recovered,  and  again 
commenced  work,  but  a  second  attack  of  the  malady,  com- 
bined with  dysentery,  soon  proved  fatal.  His  last  letter 
was  dated  Cuen^a,  March  24th  1878,  where,  according  to 

63 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Mr.  Edward  Klaboch,  he  died  in  the  hospital  on  June  20th 
of  that  year. 

The  specific  names  of  the  following  plants  were  given  at 
various  times  by  botanists  in  commemoration  of  his  services 
to  Botany  and  Horticulture : — 

Anthurium  Wallisii,  Batemannia  Wallisii,  Curmeria  Wallisii, 
Dieffenbachia  Wallisii,  Epidendrum  Wallisii,  Maranta  Wallisii, 
Masdevallia  Wallisii,  Stenospermation  Wallisii. 

References  : — "  La  Belg.  Hort."  1879,  p.  I,  with  portrait ;  "  Hamburger 
Garten  und  Blumenzeitung,"  1878,  p.  433. 


WALTER   DAVIS. 

COLLECTOR  IN  SOUTH  AMERICA. 
1873—1876. 

WALTER  DAVIS  was  born  at  Amport,  a  small  village  in  the 
county  of  Hampshire,  and  inherited  from  his  father  a  taste 
for  Natural  History  and  outdoor  pursuits,  which  later  took  the 
form  of  a  love  of  gardening. 

Davis  began  his  horticultural  career  in  the  gardens  of  the 
Marchioness  of  Winchester  at  Amport  House,  at  a  time 
when  these  were  being  remodelled.  From  Amport  House 
he  was  sent  to  Wilton  Park  Gardens,  where  he  stayed 
four  years,  ultimately  becoming  departmental  foreman,  and 
thence  he  went  to  the  gardens  of  C.  Ryder,  Esq.,  Slade, 
and  to  those  of  the  late  T.  W.  Evans,  Esq.,  at  AUestree  Hall, 
Derby. 

In  1870  Davis  came  to  Chelsea,  served  under  John  Dominy 
in  the  New  Plant  Department,  eventually  becoming  foreman 
of  the  Nepenthes  and  Fine  Foliage  Plants. 

In  1873  an  opportunity  occurring  to  send  a  collector  to 
South  America,  Davis  was  selected,  and  he  sailed  on  August 
2nd  1873,  with  the  special  object  to  secure  a  quantity  of 
Masdevallia  Veitchiana,  introduced  to  this  country  in  1867 
by  Pearce,  but  still  very  scarce. 

In  this  undertaking  Davis  was  successful,  and  in  addition  to 
Masdevallia  Veitchiana  met  with  several  other  species  of  this 

65 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

interesting  genus,  one  of  which*  was  named  by  Professor 
Reichenbach  in  compliment  to  the  discoverer. 

During  his  stay  in  South  America  Davis  crossed  the 
Cordilleras  of  the  Andes  in  Peru  and  Bolivia  no  less  than 
twenty  times,  at  elevations  of  14,000-17,000  ft.,  and  he 
traversed  that  vast  continent  from  one  side  to  the  other,  along 
the  whole  length  of  the  Amazon  valley. 

On  his  return  to  England  in  1877  he  was  selected  to  conduct 
the  botanical  analysis  of  the  herbage  on  the  experimental  plots 
at  Rothamstead,  and,  returning  to  Chelsea  on  the  termination 
of  this  engagement,  is  still  in  the  employ  of  Messrs.  Veitch. 

*  Masdevallia  Davisii,  Echb.  in  Gard.  Chrori.  1874,  vol.  ii.  p.  710. 


66 


PETER  C.  M.  VEITCH. 

COLLECTOR  IN  AUSTRALIA,  SOUTH  SEA  ISLANDS,  AND  BORNEO. 

1875—1878. 

PETER  C.  M.  VEITCH,  for  some  years  the  chief  of  the  firm  of 
Robert  Veitch  &  Son,  of  Exeter,  travelled  in  the  service  of 
the  Chelsea  house  for  several  years  in  Australia,  the  Fiji  and 
the  South  Sea  Islands,  Borneo  and  the  neighbouring  islands, 
and  he  sent  several  new  plants,  as  well  as  many  rare  in  the 
British  Isles  at  that  time. 

P.  C.  M.  Veitch's  earliest  connection  with  Chelsea  commenced 
in  1867,  when  he  entered  Coombe  Wood  as  an  assistant,  to 
acquire  a  knowledge  of  Trees  and  Shrubs  and  of  the  working 
of  that  intricate  branch  of  the  nursery  business.  Subse- 
quently transferred  to  the  New  Plant  Department  at  Chelsea, 
he  stayed  till  1869,  when  he  was  sent  to  a  seed-growing 
establishment  in  Germany. 

From  Germany  he  proceeded  to  a  seed-house  in  France  for 
some  six  months,  and  again  returned  to  Chelsea. 

In  the  spring  of  1875,  deemed  advisable  he  should  take 
a  sea-voyage,  it  was  arranged  that  he  should  visit,  on  behalf 
of  the  firm,  the  clients  in  Australasia,  and,  at  the  same  time, 
introduce  to  England  any  plants  likely  to  be  of  value  for 
horticultural  purposes. 

With  this  object  P.  C.  M.  Veitch  left  England  in  1875  for 
Sydney,  by  the  long  sea  route,  and  almost  immediately  after 

67 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

landing  left  for  the  Fiji  Islands,  having  an  offer  to  sail  in 
H.M.  cruising  schooner  Renard. 

Several  months  were  spent  in  visiting  the  various  islands  of 
the  Fiji  group  and  in  collecting  plants. 

In  February  1876  a  trading  vessel  having  called  at  Fiji, 
P.  C.  M.  Veitch  secured  a  passage  and  proceeded  to  the  South 
Sea  Islands,  where  he  remained  until  the  following  September. 
The  whole  of  the  collection  of  plants  made  in  the  Fiji  Islands 
was  lost  in  a  gale,  but  that  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  was 
despatched  to  England  in  1877. 

From  September  to  December  1876  excursions  were  made 
to  various  parts  of  the  Australian  Colonies,  and  useful  plants 
found  in  cultivation  in  gardens  sent  home,  amongst  these 
Lomaria  discolor,  L.  bipinnatifida  and  Microlepia  hirta 
cristata. 

During  the  early  part  of  the  year  1877  a  visit  was  made 
to  New  Zealand,  and  a  special  journey  to  Mount  Cook, 
where  seeds  of  the  beautiful  Ranunculus  Lyalli  (or,  as  it 
is  more  commonly  called  in  New  Zealand,  Mountain  Lily 
or  Rookwood  Lily)  were  gathered  and  sent  to  Chelsea, 
from  which  plants  were  raised  and  flowered.  From  other 
parts  of  New  Zealand  several  species  of  Celmisia,  Vero- 
nica and  the  beautiful  and  somewhat  difficult  Notospartium 
CarmichaeliaB  were  introduced. 

In  June  1877  P.  C.  M.  Veitch  again  visited  Australia,  but 
in  August,  as  he  was  making  his  way  to  New  Guinea,  had 
the  misfortune  to  be  shipwrecked  off  the  north  coast  of 
Australia,  and  for  a  second  time  the  collections  were  lost 

Instructed  to  join  F.  W.  Burbidge,  plant-collecting  for  us 
in  Borneo,  he  started  for  that  'country,  stopping  in  Penang, 
Sumatra  and  Singapore  en  route,  and  arriving  at  Labuan  in 

November  1877. 

68 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

During  his  stay  in  Borneo  he  accompanied  Burbidge  on 
several  excursions  to  the  mainland  and  adjacent  islands,  and 
also  undertook  the  journey  to  Kina  Balu,  the  Sugar  Loaf 
Mountain  of  Borneo. 

In  the  spring  of  1878  P.  C.  M.  Veitch  returned  to  Chelsea, 
and  with  him  the  collection  made  in  Borneo  in  company  with 
Burbidge.  In  1880  he  left  for  Exeter,  to  enter  the  firm 
of  Robert  Veitch  &  Son,  of  which  he  is  now  the  head. 


GUILLERMO    KALBREYER. 

COLLECTOE    ON    THE    WEST    COAST    OF    AFRICA    AND    COLOMBCA, 

S.  AMERICA. 
1876—1881. 

GUILLERMO  KALBREYER,  a  promising  young  man,  twenty-nine 
years  of  age,  entered  Messrs.  Veitchs'  service  as  a  plant- 
collector  in  1876,  and  his  first  trip  was  to  the  West  Coast  of 
Africa  in  search  of  tropical  flowering  and  foliage  plants,  very 
popular  at  that  time. 

Kalbreyer  left  Liverpool  in  November,  arrived  at  Fernando 
Po  on  Christmas  Eve,  and  reached  Victoria  a  week  later. 

He  proceeded  to  Old  and  New  Calabar,  Bonny,  and  the 
Cameroon  Mountains  and  River,  collecting  many  plants, 
sent  to  Chelsea. 

At  that  time  travelling  in  Africa  was  difficult,  and,  owing 
to  the  hostility  of  native  traders,  foreigners  were  unable  to 
penetrate  far  into  the  country. 

In  July  1877  Kalbreyer  returned  to  England,  bringing 
with  him  a  small  collection  of  plants  obtained  on  the 
West  Coast,  including  five  species  of  Mussaenda,  Gardenia 
Kalbreyeri,  and  two  new  Orchids: — Brachycorythis  Kal- 
breyeri,  a  terrestrial  species  named  by  Reichenbach  in 
compliment  to  its  discoverer,  and  Pachystoma  Thomsoniami, 
an  epiphyte,  named,  at  Kalbreyer's  request,  in  honour  of  a 
Rev.  George  Thomson,  for  many  years  an  earnest  missionary 
in  that  unhealthy  region. 

70 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

The  great  heat  endured  and  the  frequent  attacks  of  malaria 
from  which  he  suffered  on  the  West  Coast  seriously  affected 
Kalbreyer's  health,  and  it  was  decided  to  send  him  to  a  more 
healthy  country  to  collect. 

The  next  journey  was  to  Colombia,  where  the  climate  is 
delightful  on  the  highlands  and  mountain-slopes,  though 
in  the  lowlands  and  along  the  coast  almost  as  hot  as  in  parts 
of  Africa. 

He  left  England  in  October  1877,  collected  in  the  Eastern 
Cordillera  near  Ocana,  La  Cruz  and  Sierra  Palado,  the 
results  being  principally  Odontoglossum  Pescatorei  and 
0.  triumphans. 

In  February  1878  he  left  Ocana  to  proceed  to  England, 
but  owing  to  the  River  Magdalena  being  very  low,  the 
passage  to  the  coast  was  difficult,  and  a  journey  which  usually 
occupies  from  seven  to  ten  days  required  nearly  a  month, 
so  that  by  the  end  of  April,  when  Kalbreyer  arrived  in 
England,  more  than  half  his  collection  was  useless. 

The  third  trip  was  again  to  Ocana,  but  further  east.  A 
start  was  made  in  July  1878,  and  he  proceeded  to  the  Eastern 
Cordillera,  through  the  towns  of  San  Pedro,  Salazar  and 
Pamplona ;  here  he  again  met  with  some  extraordinary  forms 
of  Odontoglossum  Pescatorei,  including  0.  P.  Veitchii,  and 
0.  triumphans,  0.  tripudians,  0.  hastilabium,  0.  coronarium, 
0.  crocidipterum  and  0.  blandum,  a  difficult  species  to 
import  alive,  and,  until  Kalbreyer's  consignment  arrived, 
rare  in  this  country.  After  sending  several  very  fine 
consignments  of  orchids,  Kalbreyer  returned  to  England, 
bringing  with  him  a  large  and  choice  collection. 

The  fourth  journey  was  commenced  in  September  1879, 
when  he  again  left  England  for  Colombia,  on  this  occasion 
travelling  down  the  River  Magdalena  to  the  Central  and 

71 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

Western  Cordillera,  and  as  far  west  as  the  Valle  de  Atrato  or 
Llanos  de  Murry.  Passing  from  the  water-shed  of  the  Atrato 
to  the  plains,  he  was  particularly  struck  by  the  richness  of 
the  vegetation.  Here  Anthurium  Veitchii,  with  leaves  over 
6  ft.  in  length,  climbed  trees  more  than  twenty  yards  in 
height,  and  growing  luxuriantly  were  a  great  many  palms, 
of  which  he  collected  specimens  of  more  than  100  species,  and 
seed  of  many.  Kalbreyer  traversed  the  towns  of  Rio  Negro, 
Medellin,  Antioquia,  Sopetran,  Frontino,  Rio  Verde,  and  many 
others,  and,  later  on,  to  the  north,  he  passed  Santa  Rosa 
Amalfi,  and  on  the  south,  Concordia. 

Orchids  were  the  principal  plants  collected,  amongst 
others  Odontoglossum  ramosissimum,  0.  sceptrum,  Miltonia 
vexillaria,  Cattleya  aurea,  0.  gigas,  Cypripedium  Roezlii, 
C.  Schlimii  alba,  and  several  species  of  the  curious  large- 
flowered  Masdevallias. 

Several  consignments  of  these  were  sent  to  Chelsea,  and 
in  September  1880  Kalbreyer  returned  to  England,  bringing 
with  him  many  living  plants  and  a  great  collection  of  dried 
Ferns,  comprising  some  360  species,  of  which  eighteen  were 
new  to  science.  These  were  described  by  Mr.  Baker  in  the 
Journal  of  Botany  for  July  1881. 

The  last  journey  as  a  plant-collector  was  commenced  by 
Kalbreyer  in  December  1880;  on  this  occasion  he  again 
proceeded  to  Ocana,  where  he  arrived  in  January  1881,  and 
sent  home  a  consignment  of  Orchids.  Leaving  Ocana  at 
the  end  of  the  month,  he  went  southwards  to  Andinamarca 
and  Bogota,  on  the  high  plains  of  the  Eastern  Cordillera 
In  this  neighbourhood  he  made  a  collection  of  Orchids,  con- 
sisting principally  of  Odontoglossum  crispum,  brought  safely 
to  England  in  June  of  the  same  year.  His  engagement 
with  Messrs.  Veitch  then  terminated,  and  after  a  short  stay 

72 


LIVES    OF   TRAVELLERS 

he  returned  to  Columbia,  commenced  business  in  Bogota  as 

7  o 

a  nurseryman  and  exporter  of  Orchids,  in  which  occupation 
he  is  still  engaged. 

The  following  new  Ferns  were  discovered  by  Kalbreyer 
in  New  Grenada  during  the  summer  of  1880,  and  were 
determined  by  Mr.  Baker  of  Kew  :— 

Acrostichum  (Polybotrya)  botryoides. 
„  (Gymnopteris)  suberectum. 

,,  „  polybotryoides. 

„  „  juglandifolium. 

Alsophila  podophylla. 
„          hispida. 
,,  ?  late-vagans. 

Asplenium  (Euasplenium)  filicaule. 
„          (Diplazium)  longisorum. 
Danaea  serrulata. 
Dicksonia  pubescens. 
Gymnogramme  vellea. 
Nephrodium  (Lastrea)  longicaule. 
„  „          valdepilosum 

„  (Sagenia)  antioquoianum. 

Polypodium  (Phegopteris)  sylviculum. 

„  (Eupolypodium)  antioquoianum. 

Trichomanes  Kalbreyeri. 
Selaginella  longissima. 


73 


CHRISTOPHER   MUDD. 

COLLECTOR  IN  SOUTH  AFRICA. 
1877. 

THIS  collector,  son  of  a  former  curator  of  the  Cambridge 
Botanic  Gardens,  went  on  an  expedition  to  South  Africa  in 
1877,  and  great  things  were  expected  to  result  from  the 
undertaking.  These  expectations,  however,  were  not  realized, 
for  Mudd,  who  seemed  to  have  no  special  aptitude  for  collect- 
ing, and  entirely  lacked  the  explorer's  instinct,  sent  home 
little  of  horticultural  value,  and  the  mission,  which  was 
practically  a  failure,  had  to  be  recalled. 

Mudd  subsequently  settled  in  New  Zealand. 


74 


F.  W.  BURBIDGE. 

COLLECTOR  IN  BORNEO. 
1877—1878. 

F.  W.  BURBIDGE,  a  native  of  Wymeswold,  Leicestershire, 
undertook  in  our  service  a  collecting  expedition  in  Borneo 
during  the  years  1877 — 1878,  the  special  object,  the  intro- 
duction of  certain  Pitcher  Plants  known  to  inhabit  that  island, 
and  to  be  accessible. 

Burbidge  was  well  equipped  with  both  practical  and 
scientific  knowledge  to  undertake  such  a  mission :  he  had 
distinguished  himself  as  a  student  in  the  Royal  Horticultural 
Society's  Gardens  at  Chiswick  and  in  the  Royal  Gardens  at 
Kew,  and  had  journalistic  experience. 

The  story  of  his  travels  and  adventures  is  told  in  his  book, 
The  Gardens  of  the  Sun,  written  on  his  return  from  Borneo, 
from  which  the  following  particulars  are  abstracted. 

The  object  of  the  journey  was  the  collection  and  introduction 
of  beautiful  new  plants,  as  well  as  of  birds  and  other  objects 
of  Natural  History,  and  he  was  fortunate  in  adding  about  fifty 
new  species  of  Ferns  to  the  list  of  those  already  collected  in 
Borneo,  and  of  this  number  about  twenty  were  new  to  science. 

Perhaps  the  greatest  good  fortune  which  attended  Bur- 
bidge's  work  was  the  introduction  of  the  Giant  Pitcher  Plant 
of  Kina  Balu — Nepenthes  Rajah. 

This  wonderful  plant  and  its  geographical  allies  were  dis- 
covered in  1851  by  Sir  Hugh  Low,  who  made  repeated 

75 


HORTUS    VEITCH1I 

journeys  from  Labuan  to  Kina  Balu,  but  failed  in  his  endea- 
vours to  introduce  specimens  to  European  gardens. 

Thomas  Lobb,  the  most  successful  of  all  Eastern  plant- 
hunters,  also  endeavoured  to  find  the  habitat  of  these  plants 
in  1856,  and  had  actually  reached  the  foot  of  the  mountain  on 
which  they  grew,  but  was  prevented  by  the  hostility  and 
extortion  of  the  natives  from  completing  the  ascent.  Burbidge 
was  successful  in  introducing  living  plants  and  seeds,  but 
unfortunately  Nepenthes  Rajah  has  proved  of  such  very 
difficult  culture  that  few  specimens  exist  in  gardens. 

Another  curious  species  also  discovered  and  introduced  by 
Burbidge  is  Nepenthes  bicalcarata,  remarkable  in  having  two 
long  spurs  projecting  over  the  mouth  of  the  pitcher. 

The  three  native  courts  of  Jahore,  Brunei  and  Sulu  were 
visited,  and  Burbidge  was  enabled  to  make  extended  excur- 
sions into  the  interior  of  Sulu  itself. 

The  collection  made  on  the  last-named  island  comprised  new 
Ferns,  rare  Mosses  and  several  beautiful  Orchids,  including 
PhalaDnopsis  Marise,  Dendrobium  Burbidgei  and  Aerides 
Burbidgei,  all  rare  plants  at  the  present  day. 

The  first  expedition  to  Kina  Balu,  the  Sugar  Loaf  Mountain  of 
Borneo,  was  made  in  company  with  P.  C.  M.  Veitch  (q.v.),  who 
joined  Burbidge  on  his  return  from  an  extended  tour  through 
Australia  and  the  Fiji  Islands. 

This  journey  was  a  critical  and  tedious  one,  and  the  entire 
route  from  Gaya  Bay  to  the  mountain  and  back  to  the  coast 
through  the  villages  of  Kuong,  Kalawat  and  Bawang,  had 
to  be  accomplished  on  foot. 

These  labours  were  rewarded  by  finding  all  the  large  species 
in  one  locality,  and  in  addition  a  distinct  form  of  Nepenthes 
Edwardsiana  not  previously  collected. 

On  his  return  from  Borneo  in  1879  Burbidge  was  appointed 

76 


NEPENTHES     BICALCARATA 


LIVES    OF   TRAVELLERS 

Curator  of  the  Botanical  Gardens  at  Trinity  College,  Dublin, 
and  in  1894  became  keeper  of  the  College  Park. 

In  1889  he  had  conferred  on  him,  honoris  causa,  the  degree 
of  Master  of  Arts  of  Dublin  University,  and  in  1897  was  a 
recipient  of  the  Victoria  Medal  of  Honour  granted  by  the 
Eoyal  Horticultural  Society  in  recognition  of  his  services  to 
Horticulture. 

His  much-lamented  death,  of  a  serious  heart  trouble, 
occurred  in  Dublin  on  Sunday,  December  24th  1905,  in  his 
fifty-eighth  year.  On  the  27th  day  of  that  month  the  Times 
had  the  following  appreciation : — "  Mr.  Burbidge  had  the 
academic  as  well  as  the  horticultural  mind  ;  he  filled  his 
office  with  distinguished  success,  and  made  many  important 
contributions  to  the  literature  of  his  subject,  on  which  he  was 
a  recognized  authority." 

Burbidge  was  the  author  of  several  works  on  gardening, 
probably  the  most  important  his  Cultivated  Plants  and 
The  Narcissus,  whilst  the  Gardens  of  the  Sun  already 
mentioned  contains  an  account  of  his  travels  as  a  plant- 
collector. 

The  sixty-sixth  volume  of  The  Garden,  to  the  editorial 
staff  of  which  he  was  attached  from  the  year  1873  to  1877,  is 
dedicated  to  him  by  the  Editor. 

The  following  is  a  list  of  Ferns  discovered  by  Burbidge  in 
the  neighbourhood  of  Labuan  and  Kina  Balu,  and  which 
were  first  described  by  Mr.  Baker  of  Kew  from  Burbidge's 
specimens : — 

Alsophila  Burbidgei. 
Asplenium  (Diplazium)  porphyrorachis. 
„          (         „          )  xiphophyllum. 
Davallia  Veitchii. 
Lindsaya  crispa. 

77 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Lindsaya  Jamesonioides. 
Nephrodium  (Sagenia)  nudum. 
Polypodium  (Eupolypodium)  minimum. 

„  (  „  )  Burbidgei. 

.„  (  „  )  strep  tophyllum. 

„          (  „  )  taxodioides. 

„  (Phymatodes)  stenopteris. 

„  (  „  )  holophyllum. 

In  the  Sulu  Archipelago,  a  group  of  small  islands  lying  off 
Borneo  and  the  Philippines,  Burbidge  discovered  the  following 
new  species : — 

Cyathaea  suluensis. 
Pteris  Treacheariana. 
Polypodium  (Phegopteris)  oxyodon. 
„          (Eupolypodium)  Leysii. 

Of  the  plants  introduced  at  the  same  time,  probably  the 
following  are  the  best  known  :— 

Alocasia  guttata,  A.  pumila,  A.  scabriuscula,  Aerides 
Burbidgei,  Bulbophyllum  Leysianum,  B.  mandibulare, 
Burbidgea  nitida,  the  type  of  a  new  genus ;  Cryptocoryne 
caudata,  Cypripedium  Dayanum,  C.  Lawrenceanum,  Den- 
drobium  Burbidgei,  D.  cerinum,  Jasminum  gracillimum,  a 
beautiful  stove  plant  with  fragrant  white  flowers  ;  Nepenthes 
Rajah,  N.  bicalcarata,  a  species  new  to  science ;  N.  Raffle- 
siana  nivea.  Phalaenopsis  grandiflora,  the  Bornean  variety, 
P.  Maria?,  Pinanga  Veitchii,  Pothos  celatocaulis,  and  Wormia 
Burbidgei,  a  new  species  named  in  compliment  to  the 
discoverer  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker. 

Reference : — Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  460,  obituary  note    and 

portrait. 

78 


CHARLES  MARIES. 

COLLECTOR  IN  JAPAN  AND  CHINA. 

1877—1879. 

CHARLES  MARIES  was  born  at  Stratford-on-Avon  in  the  county 
of  Warwick.  He  was  educated  at  the  Grammar  School  at 
Hampton  Lucy  during  the  years  1861  to  1865,  where  the 
present  Professor  Henslow  was  Head -master,  and  to  whom 
Maries  was  greatly  indebted  for  his  knowledge  of  Botany. 

From  school  Maries  proceeded  to  Lytham  in  Lancashire, 
where  his  brother  had  a  small  nursery,  in  which  he  worked  for 
the  next  seven  years,  afterwards  obtaining  employment  in  the 
houses  at  Chelsea.  He  proved  to  be  an  industrious  and  steady 
workman  and  was  eventually  selected  to  undertake  an  exploring 
expedition  to  the  Far  East,  the  object  of  which  was  to  obtain 
seeds  of  the  coniferous  trees  of  Japan,  and  to  explore  the  great 
Yangtsze  valley  of  China,  rightly  believed  to  possess  a  rich 
arboreal  vegetation,  and  many  plants  that  would  prove  hardy 
in  this  country. 

Maries  left  London  on  February  1st  1877,  visiting  Hong 
Kong,  Ningpo,  the  snowy  mountains  of  which  he  explored, 
and  Shanghai  in  China,  arriving  at  Nagasaki,  Japan,  on 
April  20th.  Remaining  a  short  time  to  note  the  various 
cultivated  plants,  many  of  which  had  been  introduced  to 
Western  gardens  by  Fortune,  he  left  Nagasaki,  for 
Shimenosiki,  and,  by  way  of  the  Inland  Sea,  Ozaka  and 
Kioto,  reached  Yokohama. 

79 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

At  Yokohama  he  visited  the  nurseries  of  which  Fortune 
had  written  in  such  glowing  terms,  but,  disappointed  with 
what  he  saw,  yet  found  several  plants  rare  in  cultivation. 

From  Yokohama  and  Tokio  Maries  proceeded  overland  to 
Nikko,  the  great  shrine  of  Japan,  and  thence  to  Awomori, 
the  northernmost  port  of  the  main  island.  Whilst  waiting 
at  Awomori  for  a  steamer  to  convey  him  to  Hakodate, 
Maries  noticed  a  Conifer  new  to  him  growing  in  a  garden, 
and  learnt  that  it  could  be  found  in  quantity  on  a  neigh- 
bouring mountain.  He  went  in  search,  and  had  reached 
a  height  of  3,500  ft.,  when  it  became  obvious  that  the 
bamboo  scrub  formed  an  impassable  barrier  on  that  side  of 
the  mountain,  and  he  reluctantly  had  to  turn  back,  although 
the  object  of  his  search  could  plainly  be  seen.  The  following 
day  he  again  made  the  ascent,  but  this  time  from  the  north 
side,  and  he  succeeded  in  procuring  cones  of  a  new  species, 
since  named  by  Dr.  Masters,  Abies  Mariesii. 

On  the  same  .trip,  what  was  at  first  thought  to  be  a 
variety  of  Abies  Veitchii,  but  which  eventually  proved  to 
be  A.  sachalinensis,  Mast.,  was  re-discovered.  It  had 
previously  been  met  with  by  one  Friedrich  Schmidt,  a 
German  botanical  traveller,  in  the  island  of  Saghalien  in 
1866,  but  not  introduced. 

Leaving  Awomori,  Maries  arrived  in  Hakodate,  in  Yezo,  the 
northern  island,  on  June  20th,  and  was  much  struck 
with  the  beauty  of  Azalea  Rollisoni  (Rhododendron  indicum 
balsaminseflorum)  found  growing  in  masses  of  Kaempfer's 
Iris  on  the  banks  of  streams.  He  was  able  to  procure  seed 
which  he  sent  to  Chelsea.  From  this  district  he  also  sent 
Styrax  X  obassia,  common  on  the  volcanic  slopes  of  that  island, 
the  racemes  of  pure  white  flowers  and  very  large  light-green 
leaves  objects  of  great  beauty. 

80 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

Continuing  the  journey,  Maries  reached  Sapporo,  passing 
through  swamps  swarming  with  wild-fowl,  and  swollen  rivers, 
noting  by  the  way  large  masses  of  Platycodon  grandiflorum 
Mariesii  and  Lilium  Thunbergianum.  From  the  thickly 
wooded  and  mountainous  districts  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Sapporo  Maries  sent  home  seeds  of  Abies  sachalinensis, 
A.  yessoensis,  Daphniphyllum  glaucescens,  many  Maples 
and  climbers,  including  Schizophragma  hydrangeoides  and 
Actinidia  Kolomikta,  the  "  Cat's  Medicine  "  of  the  Japanese. 
From  Sapporo  he  travelled  by  way  of  Chitose  and  Yubetsu, 
visiting  Uragawa  and  Shamani,  to  Horidzumi :  near  Shamani 
in  a  sandy  plain  he  met  with  masses  of  the  pretty  little 
Dracocephalum  Ruyschiana,  and  obtained  seed. 

Making  Horidzumi,  on  the  south-west  cape,  his  head-quarters, 
Maries  stayed  in  the  country  from  June  to  October  1877, 
exploring  the  mountains  and  making  extensive  entomological 
and  botanical  collections.  These  collections  were  shipped  in  a 
vessel  laden  with  sea- weed  bound  for  Hakodate,  but  which 
was  wrecked  the  following  morning ;  the  sea- weed,  wet  and 
swollen,  had  burst  open  the  vessel  and  the  captain  ran  her 
ashore.  The  box  containing  the  seeds  was  rescued  and  put 
into  another  boat  which  immediately  capsized  and  sank. 
It  was  not  too  late,  however,  to  still  gather  seeds  of  the 
Conifers,  and  Maries  lost  no  time  in  replacing  the  loss  by 
a  fresh  collection.  He  left  Yezo  by  H.M.S.  Modeste, 
arrived  at  Niigata,  011  the  south-west  coast  of  the  main  island, 
in  December  1877,  and  travelled  overland  to  Yokohama. 
On  Christmas  Day  1877  Maries  left  Yokohama  for  Hong  Kong, 
arrived  on  January  2nd  1878,  and  sailed  a  few  days  later 
for  the  island  of  Formosa. 

He  landed  at  Sia-wau-fu  on  the  16th,  left  shortly  after- 
wards for  the  interior,  but  did  not  penetrate  far  into  the 

81 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

country.  After  a  distant  view  of  Mount  Morrison  he  returned 
to  the  port,  having  obtained,  amongst  other  material,  seed  of  a 
new  species  of  Lilium. 

An  attempt  to  enter  the  island  from  the  north  side  met  with 
a  like  failure  and  he  returned  to  Shanghai. 

In  the  spring  of  1878  Maries  visited  Chin-kiang  and  Kui- 
kiang,  collecting  en  route  the  pretty  Daphne  Genkwa,  found 
growing  in  quantity  with  Exochorda  grandiflora,  Spirseas, 
Hypericums,  Deutzias,  Weigelas  and  the  stunted  Pinus 
sinensis,  and,  in  more  sheltered  situations,  Forsythias, 
Loniceras,  Akebias  and  Wild  Cherries  were  common. 

On  the  Looshan  Mountains  a  white  form  of  Daphne  Genkwa 
with  Rhododendron  Fortunei  and  Loropetalum  sinense  were 
discovered,  seeds  of  all  being  obtained  and  successfully 
introduced. 

On  an  excursion  to  the  "  Teen  Cha  "  Temple,  known  also 
as  the  "Yellow  Dragon"  and  "Heavenly  Pool"  Temple, 
Maries  saw  magnificent  trees  of  Larix  Ksempferi,  Cryptomeria 
japonica,  and  the  Chinese  form  of  Liriodendron  tulipiferum, 
as  well  as  that  beautiful  Lily  since  named  by  Baker,  Lilium 
lancifolium  formosanum. 

On  this  trip  Maries  suffered  severely  from  sunstroke  and 
returned  to  the  coast. 

The  summer  of  1878  he  again  spent  in  Japan,  collecting 
seeds  of  plants,  especially  of  Conifers,  of  which  he  had  made 
notes  on  his  former  trip. 

In  December  he  left  Japan  and  went  to  Han-kow  on  the 
Yangtsze,  starting  early  in  the  spring  of  1879  for  Ichang,  800 
miles  higher  up  the  river. 

Amongst  the  gorges  of  Ichang,  where  the  Great  River 
rushes  out  of  the  mountains,  Maries  found  Primula  obconica, 
and  sent  seed  to  Chelsea. 

82 


ABIES     VEITCHII 

PKNCARROW,     CORNWALL 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

With  the  natives  of  China  Maries  did  not  succeed  so  well  as 
with  the  Japanese,  he  was  not  sufficiently  gentle,  and  was 
often  threatened  and  occasionally  robbed  of  his  baggage  ;  in 
the  summer  of  1879  he  returned  to  Japan. 

On  this  trip  seeds  of  many  Japanese  Oaks  were  gathered  and 
the  beautiful  dwarf  Bamboos,  including  the  square  Bamboo, 
which  he  successfully  introduced.  Altogether  about  500  living 
plants  were  sent  home,  and  large  quantities  of  seed  of  various 
Conifers  and  other  fine  trees ;  thirty-eight  new  plants  are 
recorded  by  Bretschneider  as  being  first  discovered  in  China 
by  Maries. 

In  British  gardens  he  will  always  be  remembered  by  the 
following,  which  he  was  fortunate  to  be  able  to  introduce 
to  this  country : — 

Abies  Veitchii,  A.  sachalinensis,  Daphniphyllum  glaucescens, 
Acer  polymorphum  varieties,  several  new  and  distinct  forms 
of  Hydrangea  rosea,  Styrax  obassia,  Lilium  auratum  glorio- 
soides,  L.  a.  platyphyllum,  Spiraea  palmata  alba,  Conandron 
ramondioides,  Primula  obconica,  Platycodon  grandiflorum 
Mariesii,  Iris  Kaempferi  (many  varieties),  Davallia  Mariesii, 
Osmunda  japonica  corymbifera,  and  many  others  hitherto 
very  scarce  in  Europe. 

Maries  returned  to  England  in  February  1880,  when  his 
herbarium  was  sent  to  Kew,  the  Conifers  brought  from  Japan 
being  dealt  with  by  Dr.  Masters,  Conifers  of  Japan,  Linn. 
Soc.'s  Jour,  xviii.  1881,  473-541,  and  in  Veitchs'  Manual 
of  Conifer se,  ed.  2, 1900.  A  collection  of  insects  was  accepted 
by  the  British  Museum. 

In  1882  Maries  was  recommended  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker 
for  the  post  of  Superintendent  of  the  gardens  of  the  Maharajah 
of  Durbhungah,  in  India,  where  he  laid  out  the  very  extensive 
grounds  which  surround  the  palaces. 

83 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

Subsequently  entering  the  service  of  the  Maharajah  Scindia 
of  Gwalior,  he  again  laid  out  the  palace  gardens,  of  which, 
and  of  the  Gwalior  State  Gardens,  he  remained  superintendent 
until  his  death,  which  took  place  in  India  on  October  llth 
1902. 

Maries  had  enthusiasm,  but  lacked  "  staying  "  power :  he 
was  musical,  much  to  the  delight  of  the  Japanese  peasants, 
and  doubtless  this  must  often  have  helped  the  work :  he  was  a 
skilled  shot,  as  the  buck  on  the  domains  of  the  Maharajah 
Scindia  learnt  to  their  cost  when  Maries  was  living  in  the 
country  of  the  Mahrattas. 

Maries  was  a  Fellow  of  the  Linnean  Society,  an  original 
recipient  of  the  Victoria  Medal  of  Honour,  granted  by  the 
Royal  Horticultural  Society  in  recognition  of  his  services  to 
Horticulture,  and  a  frequent  contributor  to  the  Horticultural 
Press. 

References  : — Bretschneider's  "  History  of  European  Botanical  Discoveries 
in  China,"  vol.  ii.  p.  741 ;  Maries  in  The  Garden,  1881-1882,  vols. 
xx. — xxii.  passim;  "  Eambles  of  a  Plant  Collector";  Burbidge  in 
The  Garden,  1883,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  444,  with  portrait ;  Gard.  Chron. 
1902,  vol.  xxii.  p.  360,  obituary  note  and  portrait. 


84 


CHARLES    CURTIS. 

COLLECTOR  IN   MADAGASCAR,   BORNEO,   SUMATRA,  JAVA, 
AND  THE  MOLUCCAS. 

1878—1884. 

CHARLES  CURTIS  had  been  employed  some  four  years  at 
Chelsea  when,  in  1878,  an  opportunity  occurring  for  sending 
a  plant-collector  to  the  East,  he  was  selected  to  undertake 
the  important  mission. 

The  first  trip  was  to  Mauritius  and  Madagascar,  whence  he 
sent  the  handsome  Pitcher,  Nepenthes  madagascariensis,  and 
various  tropical  plants.  This  occupied  rather  over  a  year. 
In  1879  Curtis  returned  to  England,  and  was  sent  in  1880  to 
Malaysia,  where  he  explored  Borneo,  Sumatra,  Java  and  the 
Moluccas,  and  collected  many  interesting  Stove  plants,  Palms, 
and  Orchids,  subsequently  sent  to  Chelsea.  The  special  object 
of  the  journey  was  to  collect  specimens  of  Miss  North's 
Pitcher-plant  (Nepenthes  Northiana),  the  existence  of  which 
had  been  made  known  through  a  drawing  by  that  lady  in 
Borneo,  now  in  the  North  Gallery  at  Kew.  The  precise 
locality  where  this  plant  grew  was  unknown,  but  after  much 
search  Curtis  was  successful  and  introduced  it. 

A  full  description  of  Nepenthes  Northiana  is  given  in  this 
work  in  the  special  chapter  devoted  to  Nepenthes:  there  is 
no  Pitcher  more  striking. 

On  the  trip  to  Borneo  Curtis  was  accompanied  by  the  young 
gardener,  David  Burke,  who  returned  with  the  collection 

85  G 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

made   in   Sarawak,    and   who  himself  afterwards    became  a 
plant-collector. 

The  plants  brought  home  by  Burke  on  this  occasion  included 
large  consignments  of  Cypripedium  Stonei,  C.  Lowii,  many 
Vandas,  Rhododendrons,  and  the  beautiful  Stove-foliage  plant, 
Leea  amabilis,  was  also  found. 

After  seeing  Burke  and  the  collection  safely  shipped  at  Sin- 
gapore, Curtis  proceeded  to  Pontianak  in  Dutch  Borneo,  with 
the  special  object  of  obtaining  a  consignment  of  Phalsenopsis 
violacea,  known  in  England  but  still  rare.  In  this  again 
successful,  but,  owing  to  a  mishap  with  the  boat,  a  month's 
collections  and  all  his  clothes  and  instruments  were  lost,  and 
he  narrowly  escaped  with  life. 

The  beautiful  Rhododendron  Teysmanni  and  R.  multicolor, 
with  the  red  variety  Curtisii,  were  introduced  through 
Curtis:  in  themselves  most  gorgeous  plants,  they  are  quite 
eclipsed  by  the  valuable  hybrids  which  have  since  been 
derived  from  their  cross  fertilization. 

On  terminating  his  engagement  early  in  1884,  Curtis  was 
appointed  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Gardens  at  Penang, 
a  post  which  he  held  until  December  1903,  when  retirement 
was  necessary,  and  he  returned  to  England,  settling  in  his 
native  town  of  Barnstaple,  in  the  county  of  Devon. 

The  following  plants  received  the  specific  name  of  Curtis 
in  commemoration  of  his  services  to  Botany  and  Horticulture : 
— Nepenthes  Curtisii,  Cypripedium  Curtisii,  Medinella  Curtisii, 
Gastrochilus  Curtisii,  Rhododendron  multicolor  Curtisii,  and 
several  others,  enumerated  in  the  body  of  this  work. 


86 


CYPRIPEDIUM      CURTISII 


DAVID  BURKE. 

COLLEOTOE   IN   THE    EAST    INDIES,    BURMAH    AND    COLOMBIA. 

1881—1897. 

THIS  traveller  crossed  a  greater  area  of  the  earth's  surface 
and  covered  more  miles  in  search  of  plants  than  any  other 
Veitchian  collector,  with  the  possible  exception  of  the  two 
brothers  Lobb.  . 

Born  in  Kent  in  1854,  Burke  entered  the  houses  at  Chelsea 
as  a  young  gardener,  and,  having  a  wish  to  travel,  was  sent 
on  a  trial  trip  to  Borneo  with  Curtis,  and  brought  home  a 
collection  of  plants,  the  result  of  their  joint  work. 

His  next  mission,  commenced  in  1881,  was  to  British 
Guiana,  where  he  re-discovered  the  interesting  insectivorous 
plant  Heliamphora  nutans,  which  had  not  been  seen  since 
its  discovery  on  Mount  Roraima  in  1839  by  the  two  brothers 
Schomburgk,  and  successfully  introduced  it  to  England. 
Amongst  Orchids  from  British  Guiana  was  the  rare  Zygo- 
petalum  Burkei  which  perpetuates  his  name,  and  from  that 
country  he  also  sent  the  handsome  Amasonia  punicea 
(calycina),  the  brilliant  scarlet  bracts  of  which  are  so  effective 
in  stoves  during  the  winter  months. 

Subsequent  journeys  included  two  to  the  Philippine  Islands 
for  Phalsenopsis,  two  to  New  Guinea,  and  one  in  1891  to  the 
then  newly  annexed  provinces  of  Upper  Burmah  for  Orchids. 
During  the  years  1894  to  1896  he  made  three  trips  to 

87 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Colombia  for  Cattleya  Mendelii,  C.  Schroderae,  C.  Trianse 
and  Odontoglossum  crispum  (Alexandra),  and  finally  in  1896, 
having  spent  a  short  time  in  England,  Burke  left  for  the 
Celebes  Islands  and  the  Moluccas,  and  in  the  island  of 
Amboina,  belonging  to  the  last-named  group,  he  died  on 
April  llth  1897. 

Burke  was  one  of  those  curious  natures  who  live  more  or 
less  with  natives  as  a  native,  and  apparently  prefer  this  mode 
of  existence ;  his  early  death  is  partly  due  to  this  cause,  and 
there  is  little  doubt  that  this  sad  event  occurred  in  a  lonely 
hut  far  from  any  European  settlement,  and,  had  it  not  been 
for  information  sent  by  a  German  commercial  traveller, 
apparently  the  only  white  man  in  that  part  of  the  island 
at  the  time,  Messrs.  Veitch  would  not  have -heard  of  Burke's 
ultimate  fate. 


JAMES   HERBERT  VEITCH. 

TRAVELLEE   THROUGH   INDIA,  MALAYSIA,  JAPAN,   COREA,  THE 
AUSTRALIAN  COLONIES  AND  NEW  ZEALAND. 

1891—1893. 

JAMES  H.  VEITCH  sailed  from  Naples  at  the  end  of  October 
1891  on  a  somewhat  extended  tour,  passing  through  Ceylon  to 
Cape  Tuticorin,  the  most  southern  port  of  India,  and  north- 
wards overland  to  Lahore ;  southwards  from  Calcutta  to 
the  Straits  Settlements  and  to  Java  to  visit  the  very  noble 
gardens  at  Buitenzorg  : — and  to  eat  the  Mangosteen.  It  is 
necessary  to  eat  the  Mangosteen  grown  within  three  or  four 
degrees  of  latitude  of  the  equator  to  realize  at  all  the  attractive 
and  curious  properties  of  this  fruit. 

From  Java  he  proceeded  north  to  Japan,  where  several 
months  were  spent  in  the  woody  districts  of  that  very  extended 
country,  the  district  of  Nikko  and  the  neighbourhood  of 
Sapporo  offering  the  widest  field  of  interest,  and  possessing,  of 
their  kind,  the  richest  flora  known. 

From  Japan  to  Corea,  by  way  of  the  Sea  of  Japan,  is  a  short 
voyage,  and  several  weeks  were  spent  in  Cho-sen,  "  the  Land 
of  the  Morning  Calm."  Prior  to  the  Japanese- Chinese  War, 
the  isolation  of  the  country  and  of  the  people  was  remarkable, 
and  a  journey  of  600  miles — on  two  occasions  crossing  the 
peninsula  from  coast  to  coast — proved  unusually  interesting. 

The  land  is  thinly  populated  ;  there  is  no  scattered  peasantry, 

89 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

and  the  people  congregate  in  villages  and  towns — the  only 
means  of  communication  a  limited  and  sorry  lot  of  ponies. 

On  approaching  a  village  or  small  town,  uniformed  runners 
from  the  local  Yamen  were  sent  to  meet  the  traveller,  and  woe 
betide  any  unfortunate  pedestrian  who  did  not  make  way  on 
the  public  road  for  the  officially  recognized  personage. 

The  official  gates  of  the  Yamen  were  opened  for  the 
inevitable  reception,  held  in  spacious  courtyards,  with  build- 
ings barbaric  in  design  flanking  the  boundary  walls.  The  lesser 
officials  were  much  interested  in  the  general  accoutrements, 
and  apparently  now  saw  most  of  these  for  the  first  time- 
women,  when  met,  turned  their  heads  away,  and  enveloped 
the  face  and  hands  in  the  long,  loose,  spotlessly  white  cotton 
robes  which  the  entire  nation  wear ;  children,  in  the  outlying 
districts,  fled  as  the  white  man  rode  down  the  village  street. 

There  is  no  rice  in  the  Far  East  to  equal  the  rice  of  the 
Coreans,  the  seed  is  larger  and  has  more  weight  than  the 
varieties  Japan  produces  ;  nor  can  Japan  grow  sufficient  for 
her  own  population,  and  is  dependent  for  much  of  her  supply 
on  Corea. 

It  was  known  that  the  flora  of  the  peninsula  was  of  little 
value,  that  the  nature  of  the  country  and  climatic  conditions 
were  such,  that  it  would  not  be  possible  to  find  any  plants  new 
and  suitable  to  English  gardens ;  hill-slopes  covered  with 
Platycodon  grandiflorum  Mariesii  were  pretty,  and  solitary 
specimens  of  Pinus  koraiensis,  never  found  wild  in  Japan,  of 
interest. 

This  pine  was  introduced  to  Europe  from  a  Japanese  nursery 
in  1861  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

Continuing  the  journey,  James  H.  Veitch  sailed  southwards, 
spent  several  months  in  Australia  and  New  Zealand,  and 
returned  to  England  in  1893. 

90 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

The  chief  results  to  gardens  from  this  long  tour  were,  the 
distribution  of  the  large-fruited  Winter-cherry  (Physalis 
Francheti),  the  variety  of  Cerasus  pseudo-cerasus  known  as 
James  H.  Veitch,  and  the  re-introduction  of  the  large- 
leaved  Vine  (Vitis  Coignetiae)  from  Japan. 

Rhododendron  Schlippenbachii,  discovered  some  forty  years 
earlier  on  the  Corean  coast  by  a  Russian  collector,  was  also 
introduced,  and  other  plants  rare  in  cultivation. 

References  : — Gard.  Chron.  1892-1894,  vols.  xi. — xvi.  passim,  "  A  Traveller's 
Notes  "  (these  notes  were  collected,  revised  and  fully  illustrated  from 
photographs  by  the  author,  and  published  in  1896  under  this  name) ; 
Sargent's  "Forest  Flora  of  Japan,"  1894;  Bretschneider's  "History 
of  European  Botanical  Discoveries  in  China,"  1898,  p.  767;  Man. 
Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  335. 


91 


E.   H.  WILSON. 

COLLECTOE  IN  CENTKAL  AND  WESTERN  CHINA  AND  ON  THE 
TIBETAN  FRONTIER. 

1899—1905. 

E.  H.  WILSON,  the  most  recent  of  our  successful  travellers  and 
collectors,  was  born  in  Birmingham,  and  received  part  of  his 
early  training  in  Botany  and  Horticulture  in  the  Botanic 
Gardens  of  that  town. 

He  afterwards  entered  the  Royal  Gardens  at  Kew  as  a 
young  gardener,  and  when  an  application  was  made  to  Sir 
W.  T.  Thiselton-Dyer,  the  late  Director  of  the  Gardens,  for  a 
man  likely  to  prove  suitable  to  undertake  a  prolonged  journey 
in  China,  the  late  Director  suggested  Wilson  for  the  post. 

The  object  in  sending  a  traveller  to  Central  China  was  to 
obtain  seed  of  species  likely  to  prove  hardy  in  Great  Britain, 
and  living  representatives  of  certain  plants  only  known  to 
exist  from  dried  specimens  in  the  herbaria  of  various 
European  countries. 

Wilson  sailed  from  Liverpool  in  April  1899.  Travelling 
by  way  of  America,  he  visited  Professor  Sargent,  the  well- 
known  authority  on  ligneous  plants  at  Boston,  and  consulted 
him  respecting  the  trees  and  shrubs  likely  to  be  found  in  China. 

The  desired  information  obtained,  Wilson  proceeded,  and 
arrived  at  Hong  Kong  on  June  3rd  1899. 

Before  leaving  for  the  interior  it  was  considered  advisable 

92 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

that  "Wilson  should  consult  Dr.  Henry  and  benefit  by  his 
unrivalled  knowledge  of  the  Chinese  flora. 

Dr.  Henry  was  at  that  time  in  the  Chinese  Customs  Service, 
stationed  at  Szemao  in  the  south-west  corner  of  the  province  of 
Yunnan,  and  Wilson,  who  left  Hong  Kong  on  June  14th  to  find 
him,  travelled  via  the  French  colonial  settlement  of  Tonkin. 

At  Laokai  he  was  detained  owing  to  a  native  rising  at 
Mengtsze,  which  made  it  dangerous  or  impossible  for 
Europeans  to  travel  in  the  interior. 

After  several  weeks'  delay,  during  which  Messrs.  Veitch 
had  lost  hope  of  his  being  able  to  proceed,  the  disturbance 
quieted  down,  and  Wilson  was  allowed  to  continue  his 
journey  unmolested. 

Szemao  was  reached  on  September  24th,  and  a  cordial 
welcome  from  Dr.  Henry  awaited  the  young  traveller. 

That  gentleman  freely  imparted  important  information 
regarding  the  plants  Wilson  was  in  search  of,  and  the  ways 
and  means  of  reaching  them.  The  information  was  valuable, 
as  the  district  Wilson  was  instructed  to  explore  was  practically 
a  closed  book  to  all  but  a  few,  amongst  whom  was  Dr.  Henry. 

On  his  return  from  Szemao  Wilson  collected  plants  of  the 
beautiful  Jasminum  primulinum,  afterwards  successfully  intro- 
duced, and  which  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country 
at  Coombe  Wood  in  October  1901. 

Returning  to  Hong  Kong  again  in  December,  he  left 
immediately  for  Shanghai,  made  at  once  preparations  for  a 
journey  to  Ichang  in  the  Yangtsze  valley,  and  left  fully 
equipped  in  February  1900. 

In  the  usual  type  of  house-boat  of  the  Yangtsze,  a 
dwelling-house  and  a  conveyance  at  the  same  time,  many 
months  were  spent.  On  arrival  he  commenced  exploring  the 
mountain-ranges  south  and  south-west  of  Ichang,  and  in 

93 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

April    1900  discovered   the   wonderful   Davidia  involucrata, 
the  principal  object  of  the  journey. 

The  country  generally  was  disturbed  by  a  revolt  in  the 
north,  known  in  England  as  the  "  Boxer "  rising,  but  after 
an  anxious  period  of  several  months  the  trouble  subsided  and 
the  work  of  plant-collecting  continued  uninterruptedly. 

As  a  result  of  this  year's  work  Wilson  obtained  seeds  of 
671  different  species  of  plants,  herbarium  specimens  number- 
ing 1,764  species,  and  great  quantities  of  bulbs  and  roots  of 
herbaceous  plants. 

During  the  year  1901,  the  third  of  his  mission,  Wilson 
explored  the  high  mountain-ranges  on  the  Hupeh-Szechuan 
boundary,  north-west  and  south  of  Ichang,  and  collected 
quantities  of  seed,  though  the  season  was  exceptionally  wet 
and  cold. 

Davidia  involucrata  was  again  met  with,  growing  in  large 
quantities  ; — a  striking  feature  in  the  landscape. 

The  collection  this  year  consisted  of  305  varieties  of  seeds, 
of  many  herbs,  trees  and  shrubs,  and  of  herbarium  specimens 
numbering  906  species,  in  addition  to  thirty-five  cases  of  bulbs 
and  living  roots  and  rhizomes  of  herbaceous  plants,  all  shipped 
to  England. 

Among  the  best  finds  collected  on  this,  his  first  mission, 
and  successfully  introduced  to  our  gardens,  are  : — 

Davidia  involucrata,  Astilbe  Davidii,  Clematis  montana 
rubens,  Senecio  clivorum,  Buddleia  variabilis  Veitchiana, 
Brandisia  racemosa,  Actinidia  chinensis,  numerous  Vines, 
Acers,  Viburnums,  Spiraeas,  Roses,  and  Magnolias. 

On  the  whole,  Wilson  succeeded  remarkably  well  with  the 
natives,  and,  though  the  country  was  disturbed  by  political 
risings  and  riots,  met  with  no  serious  mishap,  and  lost  no 
part  of  his  collection. 

94 


SENECIO     CLIVORUM 


.•».  «  2  oc  •-'"  «•••«* 

J  c     »•«<<»   e     •        ^ 

*•,*     «      Of  4  *  «    ,. 


LIVES   OF   TRAVELLERS 

Wilson  returned  to  England  in  April  1902,  spent  the 
summer  at  Coombe  Wood,  and  left  for  the  second  journey 
to  the  extreme  west  of  China,  to  the  border  of  Tibet, 
a  thousand  miles  further  west  beyond  the  former  field  of 
exploration,  in  January  1903. 

On  arrival  at  Shanghai  he  followed  the  former  route  as  far 
as  Ichang,  reaching  Kiating,  which  was  to  be  his  base,  on 
June  19th  1903. 

The  mountainous  country  west  of  the  Min  river  to  the 
Yalung  river,  about  100  miles  west  of  the  border  town  ol 
Tatien-lu,  was  explored,  as  was  Mount  Omi,  a  sacred  moun- 
tain of  the  Chinese.  Specimens  of  the  flora  were  obtained 
and  some  few  seeds. 

In  the  neighbourhood  of  Tatien-lu  was  discovered  the  prin- 
cipal object  of  the  search — the  magnificent  yellow  Poppy, 
Meconopsis  integrifolia,  and  Wilson  was  successful  in  securing 
seeds  from  which  plants  were  raised  and  flowered  at  Langley 
in  September  1904. 

In  July  1904  Wilson  left  Kiating  for  Sungpan  in  the 
extreme  north-west  corner  of  Szechuan,  a  trip  which  occupied 
some  fifty-two  days.  The  experience  was  arduous,  owing  to 
the  severity  of  the  weather,  the  bad  roads  and  the  scarcity  of 
food,  but  on  the  whole,  from  the  plant- collector's  standpoint, 
a  brilliant  success.  The  country  is  very  mountainous  and 
possesses  a  rich  flora.  Ranking  next  to  the  truly  magnifi- 
cent Rhododendrons,  are  several  species  of  Primula,  one 
of  the  most  beautiful,  P.  vittata,  growing  in  enormous 
quantities  in  moist  Alpine  meadows,  and  by  the  sides  of 
streams. 

Besides  securing  a  further  supply  of  seeds  of  Meconopsis 
integrifolia,  Wilson  discovered  the  scarlet-flowered  species, 
M.  punicea,  and,  from  seed  successfully  introduced,  plants 

95 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

were  raised  and  flowered  at  Langley  in  September  1904. 
Another  remarkable  find  was  a  new,  striking,  and  most 
promising  Tncarvillea. 

This  ended  work  for  the  season,  and  Wilson  at  once 
commenced  preparations  for  his  return  home.  Leaving 
Kiating  on  December  8th,  he  arrived  at  Chung-king  on 
the  14th,  and  early  in  1905  reached  Ichang.  The  collec- 
tions were  here  repacked,  and  with  them  he  finally  left  China 
in  January  of  that  year,  arriving  in  England  in  the  month  of 
March. 

The  five  years'  collections  comprised  some  25,000  dried 
specimens,  representing  some  5,000  species :  these  were 
distributed  amongst  the  principal  herbaria  in  Europe  and 
America ;  and  in  addition  seeds  of  1,800  species,  some 
30,000  bulbs  of  new  and  rare  species  of  Lilium,  and  living 
roots  and  rhizomes  of  various  herbs  and  shrubs  were  sent  to 
Messrs.  Veitch. 

Wilson  was  unusually  sympathetic  to  the  Chinese  tempera- 
ment, always  prepared  to  yield  a  point,  but  firm  when 
necessary,  a  contrast  to  his  predecessor,  Charles  Maries,  who, 
when  in  the  Tchang  region  of  the  Yangtsze  valley  in  1879, 
could  have  sent  many  plants,  subsequently  found  by  Wilson, 
and  which  even  at  that  time  were  undeniably  accessible. 
Maries  was  difficile ;  and  the  natives,  naturally  resenting  this, 
destroyed  the  collection,  and  he  returned  to  the  coast  reporting 
the  people  hostile. 

References: — James  H.  Veitch  in  Jour.  E.H.S.  vol.  xxviii.  pt.  i. ;  Gard. 
Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  113,  with  portrait ;  id.  "  Leaves  from 
my  Chinese  Note-book,"  passim. 


96 


LIVES  OF  HYBRIDISTS 


LIST   OF    MESSRS.   VEITCHS'   LEADING 
HYBRIDISTS 

JOHN  DOMINY. 
WILLIAM  COURT. 
JOHN  SEDEN. 
JOHN  HEAL. 
GEORGE  TIVEY. 


LIVES    OF    HYBRIDISTS 

JOHN   DOMINY. 

JOHN  DOMINY  was  born  at  Gittisham,  Devon,  in  1816,  and 
early  in  life  adopted  gardening  as  a  profession.  In  1834,  after 
completing  his  term  of  apprenticeship  in  a  private  garden,  he 
entered  the  nursery  of  Messrs.  Lucombe,  Pince  &  Co.,  of 
Exeter,  where  he  stayed  for  two  or  three  months ;  he  then 
joined  Messrs.  Veitch,  who  at  that  time  possessed  only  the 
Exeter  establishment. 

Here  Dominy  remained  until  1841,  in  which  year  he 
accepted  an  appointment  as  head  gardener  to  J.  P.  Magor, 
Esq.,  of  Redruth,  with  whom  he  stayed  nearly  five  years,  after 
which  he  again  entered  the  nursery  at  Exeter,  and  continued 
with  the  firm,  both  at  Exeter  and  Chelsea,  till  1880,  when 
failing  strength  compelled  retirement. 

Dominy  was  an  excellent  cultivator  of  Stove  and  Green- 
house Plants,  but  it  was  his  skill  as  a  hybridizer  of  Orchids 
and  Nepenthes  that  won  for  him  the  high  position  his  name 
holds  in  the  list  of  practical  horticulturists  of  the  last  century. 

Mr.  John  Harris,  a  surgeon  of  Exeter,  who  possessed 
an  acquaintance  with  Botany,  first  suggested  to  Dominy 
the  possibility  of  obtaining  hybrid  orchids,  and  explained  to 
him  the  structure  of  the  orchid  flower  and  the  process 
of  pollination.  As  soon  as  an  opportunity  presented  itself 
Dominy  lost  no  time  in  turning  the  suggestion  to  practical 
account,  and  Calanthe  X  Dominii,*  which  flowered  in  1856, 
was  the  first  of  his  successes.  This  resulted  from  crossing 

*  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5042. 
99 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

Calanthe  Masuca  with  the  pollen  of  C.  furcata,  and  the  seedling 
took  two  years  to  flower. 

Considered  a  great  cultural  feat  by  the  gardeners  of  the 
day,  botanists  were  less  enthusiastic  in  welcoming  the  new 
plant,  and  the  exclamation  of  Dr.  Lindley,  the  leading 
botanist  and  systematist  of  his  time — "  You  will  drive  the 
botanists  mad,"  is  well  known,  and  expressed  the  feelings  of 
many  scientists  regarding  hybrids,  or,  as  they  were  then 
called,  "  mules." 

Calanthe  X  Dominii  was  soon  followed  by  others,  an  account 
of  which  will  be  found  in  other  portions  of  this  work,  but 
mention  may  here  be  made  of  some  of  the  more  important 
hybrid  orchids,  which,  in  spite  of  the  great  advance  made  in 
Orchid  culture  since  Dominy's  day,  still  hold  a  favourable 
position  in  collections. 

Laeliocattleya  exoniensis,  Dominy's  principal  success  from 
a  cultivator's  point  of  view ;  Calanthe  X  Veitchii,  long  since 
recognized  as  one  of  the  handsomest  and  most  useful  of  winter- 
flowering  hybrids,  and  a  potent  agent  in  the  production  of 
many  new  and  beautiful  forms  of  recent  times ;  Phaiocalanthe 
irrorata,  a  bigeneric  hybrid,  the  first  to  be  raised ;  and  Cypri- 
pedium  X  vexillarium,  the  forerunner  of  a  group  of  handsome 
Cypripedes  in  which  the  beautiful  Cypripedium  Fairieanum 
has  participated  in  the  parentage,  are  all  due  to  Dominy. 

It  was  not,  however,  to  orchids  alone  that  Dominy  devoted 
his  attention  ;  Nepenthes  and  Fuchsias  gained  much  from  his 
efforts,  and  some  very  successful  results  were  obtained  in  these 
two  genera,  notably  Nepenthes  X  Dominii,  N.  X  hybrida  and 
Fuchsia  X  Dominiana. 

To  the  high  estimation  in  which  John  Dominy  was  held 
in  horticultural  circles  the  following  testifies : — On  leaving 
Devon  in  1864  to  accompany  the  late  James  Veitch  to  Chelsea, 

100 


LIVES   OF   HYBRIDISTS 

the  Exeter  Horticultural  Society  presented  him  with  a  piece 
of  plate  "  in  recognition  of  the  value  of  his  experiments  in 
hybridization  carried  on  by  him  whilst  a  member  of  their 
association." 

On  his  retirement  in  1880  the  Council  of  the  Royal 
Horticultural  Society  presented  the  famous  hybridizer  with 
the  Gold  Flora  Medal  "  for  his  successful  labours  as  a  raiser 
of  hybrid  Orchids,  Nepenthes,  and  other  garden  plants," 
and  a  few  years  later  his  friends  presented  him,  through  the 
President  of  the  Society,  Sir  Trevor  Lawrence,  Bart.,  with  a 
handsome  gold  watch  and  a  purse  of  200  guineas. 

The  twenty-first  volume  of  The  Garden  is  dedicated  by  the 
founder  to  "  John  Dominy,  of  Exeter  and  Chelsea,  in  recog- 
nition of  his  long  and  useful  work  in  the  improvement  and 
hybridization  of  garden  plants,  especially  Orchids,  and  his 
general  excellence  as  a  cultivator." 

After  his  retirement  Dominy  still  retained  an  interest  in 
horticultural  pursuits,  and  was  a  constant  attendant  at 
the  meetings  of  the  E.H.S.  Floral  and  Orchid  Committees,  of 
which  he  was  a  member.  '  \  '• 

He  died  on  Thursday,  February  12th  1891,  after  a  sliprt 
illness,  and  was  buried  at  Exeter  on  the  17th  of  that  month. 

References  : — Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  752 ;  id.  vol.  xiv.  p.  112  ;  id. 
1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  728,  vol.  xvi.  pp.  405,  509;  id.  1891,  vol.  ix.  pp.  240, 
278,  obituary  note,  portrait  p.  277  ;  The  Garden,  1882,  vol.  xxi.  portrait 
frontispiece ;  id.  1891,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  179,  obituary  note ;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  x. 


101 


WILLIAM   COURT. 

WILLIAM  COURT,  well  known  during  the  seventies  of  the  past 
century  as  a  talented  propagator  and  cultivator  of  stove 
plants,  was  born  at  Alphington,  near  Exeter,  in  1843,  and 
commenced  his  gardening  career  in  the  nurseries  of  Messrs. 
Lucombe  &  Prince,  of  that  city. 

In  1863  he  entered  the  Exeter  branch  of  the  Veitchian 
firm,  and  shortly  afterwards  was  transferred  to  Chelsea. 

A  successful  hybridizer  of  Nepenthes  and  Sarracenias, 
Court  raised  several  fine  hybrids  as  a  result  of  his  experi- 
ments, some  of  the  best  being  Nepenthes  x  Mastersiana, 
N.  X  intermedia,  N.  X  Courtii,  N.  X  rufescens,  Sarracenia 
X  melanorhoda,  S.  X  Chelsoni,  S.  X  Courtii,  and  several 
others. 

: ;  ,;Co'urt  made  several  journeys  to  North  America,  and  intro- 
duced- to   that   country   many  novelties   sent   home  by  our 

'        it         •     *  *  * 

•  collectors  from  various  parts  of  the  world. 

He  died  at  Chelsea  on  September  17th  1888,  after  a  short 
illness,  and  is  buried  in  Brompton  Cemetery,  where  a 
monument  is  erected  to  his  memory  by  his  American  friends. 

Beferences  : — Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  p.  338,  obituary  note;  The  Garden, 
1888,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  287,  obituary  note. 


JOHN   SEDEN. 

JOHN  SEDEN  is  probably  the  best  known  of  all  hybridizers, 
and  in  connection  with  his  retirement  in  1905  the  Gardeners 
Chronicle  of  December  31st  1904  contains  the  following 

notice  : — 

"JOHN  SEDEN,  V.M.H. 

"  To  every  lover  of  Orchids  the  name  of  Seden  is  familiar,  as 
probably  no  other  person  now  living  has  enriched  our  collec- 
tions with  so  many  fine  hybrids  or  practised  in  so  wide  a  field. 

"  John  Seden  was  born  at  Dedham  in  Essex,  July  6th  1840, 
and  early  in  life  commenced  his  career  as  a  gardener,  working 
in  several  private  gardens  before  he  came  to  Chelsea  in 
January  1861.  In  the  autumn  of  1861  he  was  transferred  to 
Exeter,  under  Dominy,  amongst  the  Orchids  and  stove  plants, 
and  it  was  here  that  he  was  first  initiated  into  the  practice  of 
hybridization,  which  he  has  since  so  persistently  followed  with 
such  good  results.  The  autumn  of  1862  saw  Seden  again  at 
Chelsea  in  charge  of  the  Orchids,  some  of  the  stove  plants,  and 
the  Nepenthes,  and  amongst  these  he  commenced  experiments 
in  hybridization  and  cross-fertilization. 

"  Caladium  X  Chelsoni,  Alocasia  x  Sedeni  (which  received 
a  Gold  Medal  from  the  Horticultural  Society),  A.  X  Chelsoni, 
A.  X  intermedia,  Nepenthes  X  Sedeni,  N.  X  Chelsoni,  Ama- 
ryllis (Hippeastrum)  Brilliant,  Chelsoni  and  maculata,  the 
three  first  seedlings  to  be  raised  at  Chelsea,  are  some  of  the 
results  obtained  from  his  early  experiments. 

"  About  a  dozen  varieties  of  Gloxinia,  progenitors  of  the  fine 
strain  since  developed  at  Chelsea,  were  distributed  from  seed- 
lings raised  by  Seden  from  intercrossing  the  best  existing  forms. 

103 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

"  In  1867  the  tuberous  Begonia  was  taken  in  hand,  several 
of  the  original  species  being  then  available  through  introduc- 
tions of  the  firm's  collector  Pearce  and,  later  on,  of  Davis. 
For  a  number  of  years  hybrids  and  varieties  were  regularly 
distributed,  and  these  laid  the  foundation  on  which  have  been 
built  the  fine  strains  existing  at  the  present  day.  The  first 
variety  with  pure  white  flowers  was  raised  at  this  period, 
originating  in  a  batch  of  seedlings  of  Begonia  rosseflora,  and 
the  first  double-flowered  variety  was  obtained  by  fertilizing  a 
flower  of  B.  X  Sedeni  with  its  own  pollen. 

"About  the  same  time  Seden  commenced  hybridizing 
Orchids.  Since  his  first  hybrid,  Cypripedium  X  Sedenii, 
flowered  in  1873,  Seden  has  raised  150  hybrid  Cypripediums, 
140  Lselio-Cattleyas,  65  Cattleyas,  40  Dendrobiums,  25 
Lgelias,  16  PhalaBnopsis,  20  Epidendrums,  12  Masdevallias, 
9  Calanthes,  8  Sophro- Cattleyas,  5  Phaio-Calanthes,  6  Disas, 
4  Zygopetalums,  besides  miscellaneous  hybrids,  such  as 
Chysis  x  Chelsoni,  C.  X  Sedenii,  C.  X  langleyensis,  Thunia 
X  Veitchii,  Sobralia  X  Veitchii,  Cymbidiuni  X  eburneo- 
Lowianum,  Phaius  X  amabilis,  P.  X  maculato-grandifolius,  X 
Epilselia  radico-purpurata,  E.  X  Eros,  Leptoleelia  Veitchii, 
Angraecum  X  Veitchii,  Miltonia  X  Bleuana  splendens,  Odonto- 
glossum  X  excellens,  Anguloa  X  intermedia,  and  many  others. 

"The  following  hybrids  other  than  Orchids  have  also 
been  obtained : — Echeveria  glauca  metallica,  from  E.  secunda 
glauca  and  E.  metallica;  Veronica  Purple  Queen,  from 
V.  Hendersoni  and  V.  Traversii ;  Escallonia  X  langleyensis, 
from  E.  philippinensis  and  E.  macrantha  sanguinea,  a  very 
valuable  gain;  Althaea  Primrose  Queen,  from  A.  ficifolia 
and  A.  rosea;  Hemerocallis  X  luteola,  from  H.  Thunbergii 
and  H.  aurantiaca  majus ;  Rose  Queen  Alexandra,  from 
Crimson  Rambler  and  Rosa  multiflora  simplex  ;  Electra,  from 

104 


LIVES    OF   HYBRIDISTS 

R.   multiflora   simplex  and  W.  A.    Richardson  ;  Myra,  from 
Rosa  Wichuriana  and  Crimson  Rambler. 

"In  1889  Seden  was  transferred  to  Langley,  and  since  that 
time  has  devoted  much  of  his  attention  to  the  improvement 
of  hardy  fruit.     Amongst  other  varieties  raised  by  Seden, 
most   of  the   following  have  been  distributed : — Strawberry 
Veitchs'    Perfection,   obtained    from    Waterloo   and    British 
Queen ;  Veitchs'  Prolific,  from  Empress  of  India  and  British 
Queen  ;  Lord  Kitchener,  from  British  Queen  and  Waterloo  ; 
The     Khedive,    from    Lord    Suffield    and    British    Queen; 
President    Loubet,   from    Waterloo    and    Lord   Napier;  the 
Alake,   from   Frogmore   Late   Pine  and  Veitchs'   Perfection. 
Apple  Langley  Pippin,  from  Mr.  Gladstone  and  Cox's  Orange 
Pippin ;  Mrs.  John  Seden,   from  Transcendent  Crab  and  King 
of  Pippins ;  Mr.  Leopold  Rothschild,  from  John  Downie  and 
Cox's  Orange  Pippin  ;  Middle  Green,  from  Frogmore  Prolific 
and  Blenheim  Pippin  ;  Rev.  W.  Wilks,  from  Peasgood's  Non- 
such  and    Ribston   Pippin ;  Crab  The  Langley,    from   John 
Downie  and  King   of  Pippins ;  Veitchs'    Scarlet,  from   Red 
Siberian  Crab  and  King  of  Pippins  ;  Bullace  The  Langley, 
from  Damson  Farleigh  Prolific  and  Plum  Black  Orleans ;  The 
Mahdi,  the  product  of  a  cross  between  the  common  Blackberry 
and    Raspberry    Belle    de    Fontenay ;    Gooseberry  Langley 
Beauty,  from  the  varieties  Railway  and  Yellow  Champagne  ; 
Langley  Gage,  from  Pitmaston  Green  Gage  and  Telegraph ; 
Golden  Gem,  from  Whitesmith  and  Antagonist;  Raspberry 
Yellow   Superlative,  from  Superlative  and  Autumn  Yellow ; 
November  Abundance,  from  Catawissa  and  Superlative ;  and 
Queen  of  England,  from  Superlative  and  Rubus  laciniatus. 

"In  1897  Seden  was  chosen  as  one  of  the  original  recipients 
of  the  Victoria  Medal  of  Honour  by  the  Royal  Horticultural 
Society." 

105 


JOHN  HEAL. 

BOEN  at  Barnstaple  in  North  Devon,  this  well-known  culti- 
vator and  hybridizer  commenced  his  gardening  career  in  the 
Westacott  nurseries  near  that  town,  and  was  trained  in  the 
usual  routine  work  of  a  country  nursery.  In  1863  sent  to 
Coombe  Wood,  he  was  after  two  years  transferred  to  the 
houses  at  Chelsea. 

His  first  charge  at  Chelsea  was  a  large  and  representative 
collection  of  Ferns,  but  he  afterwards  had  the  care  of  the  New 
Plant  department,  and,  from  1873  onwards,  of  the  houses 
devoted  to  Greenhouse  Florists'  Flowers. 

Since  1873  Heal  has  devoted  much  attention  to  the  im- 
provement of  various  races  of  garden  plants  by  hybridization 
and  selection,  with  notable  results.  The  Hippeastrum  or 
Amaryllis  has  been  greatly  improved  and  a  strain  of  high 
merit  obtained,  the  Royal  Horticultural  and  Royal  Botanic 
Societies  having  awarded  no  less  than  200  certificates  to 
meritorious  varieties. 

The  Streptocarpus  hybrids,  first  produced  by  Mr.  "W. 
Watson,  Curator  of  Kew,  have  been  further  improved,  and 
entirely  new  forms  and  colours  created,  of  which  the 
achemeniflorus  strain  is  a  noteworthy  example. 

The  gorgeous-flowered  Phyllocacti,  so  much  in  favour 
with  our  forefathers,  have  also  had  attention,  and  by  cross- 
fertilization  and  selection  new  colours  and  forms  obtained. 

Good  work  has  also  been  done  with  the  Greenhouse 
Rhododendrons,  the  fine  modern  varieties  being  derived  from 
some  seven  species,  natives  of  Java,  Malaya  and  adjacent 

106 


RHODODENDRON      BALSAMINJBFLORUM 


LIVES    OF   HYBRIDISTS 

islands,  most  of  them  introduced  through  Messrs.  Veitchs' 
travellers  Thomas  Lobb  and  Curtis. 

George  Taylor,  who  had  charge  of  these  species  prior  to 
Heal's  day,  commenced  their  hybridizing,  and  raised  several 
fine  varieties  ;  Heal  continued  the  work  and  produced  a  large 
number  of  excellent  forms  remarkable  for  the  pure,  rich  and 
varied  colours  of  their  flowers,  the  increased  size  of  the 
individual  blooms,  and  the  large  compact  trusses  in  which  they 
are  produced. 

A  distinct  race  in  this  section  of  the  genus  was  created 
by  self-pollinating  a  flower  the  stamens  of  which  showed  a 
tendency  to  petaloidy. 

The  flowers  produced  by  the  varieties  of  this  race,  known  as 
the  balsaminseflorum  hybrids,  are  double,  of  great  substance, 
and  have  the  same  rich  colours  characteristic  of  the  javanico- 
jasminiflorum  hybrids. 

The  latest  class  of  plants  evolved  by  this  skilful  hybridizer 
are  the  winter-flowering  Begonias.  These  valuable  green- 
house plants  were  obtained  by  crossing  varieties  of  the 
summer-flowering  tuberous-rooted  Begonias  with  Begonia 
socotrana,  a  species  from  the  island  of  Socotra,  discovered  by 
Professor  Balfour  of  Edinburgh.  A  dozen  or  more  forms  are 
now  in  cultivation,  some  with  single,  others  with  double  or  semi- 
double  flowers  of  bright  rose  or  rose-carmine  shades  of  colour. 

Useful  work  has  also  been  done  amongst  the  Olivias  (Imanto- 
phyllums),  Kalanchoes,  Cinerarias,  and  fine-foliage  Begonias. 

The  Veitch  Medal  was  awarded  to  Heal  in  1892  by  the 
Veitch  Memorial  Trustees  in  recognition  of  his  services  to 
Horticulture,  and  in  1897  he  received  the  Victoria  Medal  of 
Honour  from  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society. 

Reference : — Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  812,  with  portrait. 

107 


GEORGE  TIVEY. 

GEOEGE  TIVEY  has  had  unusual  success  in  the  hybridization 
of  Nepenthes,  and  has  for  many  years,  and  to  an  exceptional 
degree,  thoroughly  understood  their  culture. 

The  first  notable  result  was  Nepenthes  x  Chelsoni  excellens, 
followed  by  N.  X  mixta,  N.  X  Tiveyi,  N.  X  Balfouriana, 
N.  X  cylindrica,  N.  X  Sir  William  T.  Thiselton-Dyer, 
N.  X  picturata,  and  the  very  bold,  striking  N.  X  F.  W. 
Moore,  all  of  which  are  improvements  on  the  species  or 
varieties  from  which  they  were  derived. 


108 


ORCHID    SPECIES 


ORCHID    SPECIES 

A    LIST    OF    THE    PRINCIPAL    OECHID    SPECIES 
INTRODUCED  BY   MESSRS.   VEITCH 

ACANTHOPHIPPIUM   CURTISII,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  rv.  p.  169. 

Introduced  from  the  Malay  Archipelago  through  Curtis,  after  whom  it 
is  named. 

The  five  keels  between  the  side  laciniae  distinguish  the  species  from 
Acanthophippium  bicolor  and  A.  sylhetense,  to  which  it  is  closely  allied. 

AERIDES    FIELDINGI,  Lindl. 

Orchid  Album,  vii.  t.  309 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  69. 

Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1850,  and  named  in  honour  of 
Colonel  Fielding,  an  officer  in  the  Indian  army.  It  is  known  as  the  "Fox 
Brush  "  Aerides,  a  name  evidently  given  in  reference  to  the  appearance 
of  the  inflorescence. 

AERIDES   FIELDINGI,   Lindl,   var.  WILLIAMSII. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  69 ;  Warner's  Selec.  Orch.  i.  t.  21. 

This  variety  of  the  type  was  also  introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb,  and 
is  extremely  rare. 

AERIDES   JAPONICUM,  Lindl.  $  Echb.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5798;  1'Illns.  Hort.  1883,  t.  461 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  70. 

Aerides  japonicum  was  originally  introduced  from  Japan  by  Mr.  Linden 
of  Brussels  in  1862  and  subsequently  by  ourselves.  From  a  plant  flowering 
at  Chelsea  in  June  1869  the  plate  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  was  prepared. 

AERIDES   MULTIFLORUM,  Boxb.,  var.  LOBBII,  Veitch. 

Syns.  A.  Lobbii,  Hort.  Veitch. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  75,  fig. ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1868,  xv.  t.  559. 

This  variety,  the  handsomest  and  most  generally  cultivated  of  all  the 
multiflorum  forms,  was  introduced  from  Moulmein  through  Thomas  Lobb. 
As  compared  with  the  type  the  stem  is  shorter,  the  leaves  much  crowded, 

111 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

almost  lying  one  upon  the  other,  and  the  flowers,  produced  on  longer 
peduncles,  are  more  numerous  and  more  richly  coloured. 

AEEIDES   MULTIFLOEUM,  Eoxb.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Morren. 
La  Belg.  Hort.  1881,  p.  123;  Les  Orchidees,  t.  4;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  75. 

A  form  closely  resembling  the  variety  Lobbii,  but  with  less  crowded 
leaves,  and  flowers  lighter  in  colour :  the  sepals  and  petals  are  white 
dotted  with  rose  and  the  lip  light  rose-purple.  It  was  introduced  from 
Moulmein  through  Thomas  Lobb  with  the  variety  which  bears  his  name. 

AEEIDES    PACHYPHYLLUM,  Echb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  230. 

A  fine  species  imported  from  Burmah  in  a  consignment  of  Aerides 
crassifolium,  but  now  apparently  lost  to  cultivation.  The  leaves  are  short, 
thick,  fleshy  and  unequally  bilobed  at  the  apex ;  the  flowers,  in  short 
racemes,  are  light  crimson-lake,  with  white  spur  and  column  and  lip 
painted  with  purple. 

ANGE^ICUM    CITEATUM,  Thouars. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5624;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1886,  xxxiii.  t.  592;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii. 

p.  125,  fig. 

First  discovered  by  the  French  botanist  Du  Petit  Thouars  towards  the 
end  of  the  eighteenth  century  in  Madagascar,  but  subsequently  lost  sight 
of  until  a  plant,  which  we  believe  we  obtained  through  Mr.  Ellis,  flowered 
at  Chelsea  in  1865. 

At  that  time  Angraecum  citratum  was  exceedingly  rare  in  British  orchid 
collections,  and  continued  to  be  so  till  the  opening  of  the  Suez  Canal 
afforded  facilities  for  the  more  rapid  transmission  of  plants  from  Mada- 
gascar. 

ANGE^ECUM    FALCATUM,  LindL 

Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  t.  283;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  2097;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  128; 

id.  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  23. 

An  unpretending  little  orchid  of  great  botanical  and  horticultural 
interest  from  the  fact  that  it  was  the  first  Angraecum  cultivated  in  the 
glass-houses  of  Europe,  and  one  of  the  earliest  of  the  Japanese  orchids 
ever  introduced.  It  was  first  sent  to  this  country  about  the  year  1813  by 
Dr.  Eoxburgh,  but  probably  lost  to  cultivation  until  we  re-introduced  it 
from  Japan  about  the  year  1868. 

ANGE^ECUM   HYALOIDES,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  264;    1'Orchidophile,  1889,  p.   347,  col.   pi.; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  vii.  p.  132. 

Introduced  in   1879  through  Curtis,  who  discovered  it  in  North-East 

112 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

Madagascar  growing  on  small  shrubs,  which  form  the  undergrowth  of  the 
dense  forest  along  the  swampy  coast. 

The  small  white  flowers  of  a  delicate  semi-transparent  texture 
suggested  the  specific  name,  which  is  from  the  Greek,  meaning  "  crystal." 

ANGR^CUM   KOTSCHYI,   Rchb.  f. 

Bchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  pp.  456  and  693,  fig.  ;  id.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  712  ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  133 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7442. 

Discovered  in  1838  by  Theodor  Kotschy,  after  whom  it  is  named,  and 
subsequently  met  with  by  several  other  travellers. 

In  1876  it  was  found  by  the  German  Hildebrandt  on  the  coast  of  Zan- 
zibar, and  three  years  later  living  plants  were  sent  by  Sir  John  Kirk,  the 
British  Consul  at  Zanzibar,  to  Mr.  Gerald  Walker,  from  whom  we  acquired 
them.  It  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea  in  the  autumn  of  1880. 

ARACHNANTHE   CATHCARTII,   Benth. 

Syns.  Vanda  Cathcartii,  Lindl. ;  Esmeralda  Cathcartii,  Rchb.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5845  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1409,  with  fig. ;  PI.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  66;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  7,  fig.  opposite  p.  8. 

A  native  of  shady  valleys  in  the  Eastern  Himalayas,  where  it  was  first 
detected  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker,  by  whom  it  was  sent  to  the  Calcutta 
Botanic  Gardens.  Repeated  attempts  were  made  to  introduce  plants  to 
England  with  more  or  less  success,  and  it  flowered  the  first  time  in  this 
country  in  our  houses  in  March  1870. 

The  species  is  dedicated  to  the  memory  of  Mr.  James  F.  Cathcart,  of 
the  Indian  Civil  Service,  an  ardent  amateur  naturalist,  and  one  of  the 
earliest  explorers  of  the  rich  flora  of  the  Eastern  Himalayas. 

ARACHNANTHE   LOWII,  Benth. 

Syns.  Vanda  Lowii,  Lindl. ;  Renanthera  Lowii,  Echb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1858,  p.  175 ;  id.  1847,  p.  239;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5475;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 
pt.  vii.  p.  12,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  283. 

Discovered  in  Sarawak  by  Sir  Hugh  Low,  in  whose  honour  it  was 
named  by  Dr.  Lindley,  but  first  flowered  in  this  country  from  specimens 
sent  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1858.  It  was  later  collected  by  Curtis  in  the 
low  swampy  forests  near  the  coast  of  Sarawak. 

The  plant  is  remarkable  for  the  enormous  length  of  its  racemes  and  for 
the  occurrence  of  two  kinds  of  flowers  on  the  same  inflorescence. 

BRASSIA  ARCUIGERA,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  389. 

A  Peruvian  orchid  described  by  Professor  Reichenbach  from  material 
introduced  by  us  :  an  insignificant  species  of  botanical  interest  only,  and 
apparently  not  now  in  cultivation. 

113 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

BEASSIA  THYESODES,  Echb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  842. 

Introduced  from  Peru,  and  apparently  not  now  in  cultivation.  The 
flowers  are  greenish-yellow  with  purplish  spots,  borne  in  panicles. 

BULBOPHYLLUM  LOBBII,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  sub  t.  29;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4532 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iii.  p.  97. 

Sent  from  Java  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1846,  and  one  of  the  few  members 
of  the  genus  that  have  flowers  sufficiently  showy  to  gain  admission  into 
the  orchid  collections  of  amateurs. 

BULBOPHYLLUM  MANDIBULAEE,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  366  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  293,  fig.  99. 

Introduced  from  North  Borneo  through  P.  W.  Burbidge,  and  first 
flowered  at  Chelsea  in  1882. 

The  flowers  are  curious,  of  botanical  interest  only.  The  sepals  and 
petals  are  greenish-yellow  striped  with  brown,  and  the  curious  lip  has  a 
mass  of  purple  hairs  on  a  pale  ground. 

BULBOPHYLLUM  EETICULATUM,   Batem. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5605  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iii.  p.  97. 

Discovered  in  North  Borneo  by  Thomas  Lobb,  and  through  him  intro- 
duced to  Exeter  about  the  year  1852. 

Its  handsome  leaves  and  singular  flowers  render  it  a  very  interesting 
species.  The  former  are  pale-green  reticulated  with  deep-green  veins ;  the 
whitish  flowers  striped  with  red-purple  are  sometimes  spotted. 

CALANTHE   CUETISII,   Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  262. 

One  of  the  many  plants  sent  from  the  Sondaic  regions  by  Curtis  and  not 
now  in  cultivation.  The  flower  is  interesting,  but  more  curious  than 
pretty. 

CALANTHE   LABEOSA,   Echb.  f. 

Syns.  Limatodes  labrosa,  Rchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  44 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  63 ;  Gard.  Chron. 

1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  202. 

A  fine  species  with  rose-purple  flowers,  sent  to  us  by  a  correspondent 
from  Burmah,  the  precise  locality  being  unknown. 

It  appears  to  be  fast  disappearing  from  cultivation,  but  is  of  importance 
as  having  produced  a  distinct  race  of  hybrid  Calanthes — Calanthe 
X  porphyrea,  C.  X  lentiginosa,  and  varieties. 

114 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

CALANTHB   PLEIOCHEOMA,   Rchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  938  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  65. 

Introduced  from  Japan  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea  in 
May  1871. 

It  is  possibly  only  a  geographical  form  of  Calanthe  sylvatica,  a  native  of 
Mauritius  and  Bourbon,  a  species  not  now  in  cultivation  in  this  country. 

CALANTHE   PKOBOSCIDEA,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  476. 

Imported  from  the  Sunda  Islands,  this  species  is  nearest  to  Calanthe 
furcata,  Bat.,  but  has  a  distinctive  feature  in  that  the  anterior  part  of  the 
column  is  bent  down  in  a  curve,  like  the  snout  of  certain  insects. 

CALANTHE   EOSEA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Limatodes  rosea,  Lindl. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  65  ;    Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PL  Gdn.  1852,  vol.  iii.  t.  81 ; 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5312 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  xxii.  t.  2294. 

First  discovered  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  Moulmein  early  in  the  year  1850, 
and  sent  by  him  to  Exeter,  where  it  flowered  in  the  winter  of  that  year. 
It  has  now  been  superseded  in  gardens  by  the  beautiful  Calanthe  x  Veitchii 
and  other  hybrids,  in  the  parentage  of  which  it  participated  largely  to 
their  benefit. 

CALANTHE   TEXTOEI,   Miquel. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  67. 

Introduced  from  Japan  through  Charles  Maries  in  1877,  and  probably 
only  a  form  of  the  widely  distributed  Calanthe  veratrifolia. 

CALANTHE   TEICAEINATA,   Lindl 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  67. 

First  discovered  by  Wallich  in  Nepaul  and  later  by  Maximowicz  in 
Japan,  it  was  introduced  from  the  latter  country  with  Calanthe  Textori  in 
1879.  The  absence  of  a  spur  to  the  flowers  distinguishes  it  from  the 
other  members  of  the  genus  in  cultivation. 

CALANTHE  VESTITA,    Wall. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4671 ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  p.  106,  fig.  72 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi. 
p.  71,  fig. ;  FL  des  Serres,  1858,  torn.  iii.  2me  serie,  p.  33 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot. 
vol.  xvi.  p.  129. 

First  introduced  into  European  gardens  by  Dr.  Kane,  who  sent  the  type 
species  and  a  variety  from  Moulmein  to  Exeter  in  1848. 

Shortly  after  Thomas  Lobb  sent  the  same  two  forms,  with  another 
variety  since  named  Turneri,  from  the  same  locality. 

115 


HORTUS    VEITCHI1 

It  has  entered  largely  into  the  production  of  artificial  hybrids,  the  best 
known  being  Calanthe  x  Veitchii,  one  of  Dominy's  earliest  efforts,  and  one 
of  the  most  largely  cultivated  of  all  hybrid  orchids. 

CALANTHE  VESTITA,    Wall.,  var.   TUBNEEI,  Veitch. 

Syns.  C.  Turneri,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  71,  fig. 

A  very  charming  variety  introduced  with  the  type  from  Moulmein 
through  Thomas  Lobb. 

The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  variety  rubro-oculata,  having  a  red- 
purple  blotch  on  the  disk  of  the  lip,  but  they  appear  later  in  the  season. 

It  was  named  in  compliment  to  Mr.  J.  A.  Turner  of  Pendlebury,  near 
Manchester,  one  of  the  most  ardent  orchid  amateurs  of  his  time. 

CATASETUM   SACCATUM,  LindL,   var.   PLICIFEBUM,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1182. 

Imported  from  Peru  in  1869,  but  long  since  lost  to  cultivation.  It  is 
described  by  Beichenbach  as  having  sepals  and  petals  dull  olive-green 
marbled  with  numerous  brown  spots  and  a  green  lip  with  numerous 
cinnamon-brown  blotches. 

CATTLEYA  BOWEINGIANA,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Syns.  C.  autumnaUs,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  683 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  pp.  31,  32,  with 
figs.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1886,  p.  10,  figs.  p.  3. 

Sent  to  us  in  1884  from  British  Honduras  in  Central  America,  by  a 
correspondent  who  stated  that  the  plant  grows  on  cliffs  by  a  rapid  stream 
flowing  over  a  succession  of  waterfalls,  where  the  atmosphere  is  always 
highly  charged  with  moisture.  As  a  species  Cattleya  Bowringiana  is 
close  to  C.  Skinneri,  but  differs  in  its  flowering  season,  which  is  during 
the  dull  months  of  October  and  November. 

It  is  dedicated  to  the  late  Mr.  J.  C.  Bowring  of  Forest  Farm,  near 
Windsor,  for  many  years  a  well-known  amateur. 

CATTLEYA  DOWIANA,  Batem. 

Syns.  C.  Lawrenceana,  Warsc. ;  C.  labiata,  var.  Dowiana,  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  922 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5618 ;    Fl.  des  Serres,  tt.  1709-1710 ;  1'Illus. 
Hort.  t.  525 ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xii.  t.  99;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  16. 

This  superb  orchid  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  Chelsea 
in  the  autumn  of  1865.  The  plants  were  obtained  through  Mr.  G. 
lire-Skinner,  whose  collector  Mr.  Arce,  a  zealous  naturalist,  had  obtained 
them  in  Costa  Bica.  Plants  had  previously  been  sent  to  this  country  in 
1850,  but  arriving  in  a  bad  condition,  had  all  died  without  flowering. 

116 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

It  was  the  wish  of  Warscewicz,  the  original  discoverer,  that  his  plant 
should  bear  the  name  Lawrenceana,  in  compliment  to  Mrs.  Lawrence 
of  Baling,  a  generous  patroness  of  Horticulture,  but  as  his  specimens  mis- 
carried, this  fact  was  not  made  known  until  after  Bateman  had  named  it 
in  compliment  to  Captain  J.  M.  Dow  of  the  American  Packet  Service,  to 
whose  kindness  orchidists  and  men  of  science  owe  so  much.  It  has 
proved  potent  as  a  parent  for  hybridizing,  many  fine  seedlings  now  in 
cultivation  being  due  to  its  influence. 

CATTLEYA  IEICOLOE,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1874,  p.  162;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  40;  Orchid  Review,  1893, 

vol.  i.  p.  63. 

The  only  known  plant  of  this  interesting  orchid  was  obtained  at  one  of 
the  orchid  sales  at  Stevens' s  Eooms,  where  it  was  sold  without  any  specific 
name  or  intimation  of  its  origin. 

Flowered  at  Chelsea  in  1874,  the  flowers  proved  cream-white  in  colour 
with  W-shaped  yellow  markings,  on  the  lip  on  either  side  of  which  are 
maroon-purple  stripes. 

CATTLEYA   SKINNBBI,  Bat&ni.,  var.  ALBA,    Bckb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  810 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  47. 

Discovered  in  Costa  Kica  by  Endres,  and  sent  to  us. 

It  has  ever  since  its  introduction  been  acknowledged  one  of  the 
loveliest  white  orchids  in  cultivation ;  the  pure  white  flowers,  with  a 
yellowish  blotch  on  the  disk  of  the  lip,  are  produced  in  the  same  manner 
as  those  of  the  type. 

CIEEHOPETALUM   EETUSIUSCULUM,  Bchb.f. 

Syns.  Bulbophyllum  retusiusculum,  Rchb.  f . 
Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1182. 

Introduced  through  Colonel  Benson,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  in 
Moulmein.  A  botanical  species  not  now  in  cultivation. 

CIEEHOPETALUM  EOBUSTUM,  Bolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.   1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  771,  fig.  116 ;  Veitcha'  Catlg.  of  PL  1896,  p.  4,  fig. 

reproduced. 

This  Cirrhopetalum ,  probably  the  largest  species  known,  and  one  of  the 
most  remarkable  yet  introduced,  was  sent  from  New  Guinea  by  David 
Burke. 

The  flowers  are  produced  on  a  short  scape,  almost  sub-umbellate.  The 
sepals  are  yellowish -green,  tinged  with  red  in  the  centre,  and  have  a 
varnished  surface;  the  petals  are  small,  brown-coloured,  whilst  the 
mobile  lip  is  reddish  chocolate. 

117  i 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CCELOGYNE  DAYANA,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  826 ;  Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  37 ; 

Orchid  Album,  t.  247. 

Imported  from  Borneo  through  Curtis,  and  dedicated  by  Prof.  Keichen- 
bach,  at  our  request,  to  Mr.  John  Day,  of  Tottenham. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  Chelsea  in  1884. 

As  a  species  it  resembles  Coelogyne  Massangeana  in  its  long  pendulous 
racemes,  but  in  the  colour  of  the  flowers  and  more  especially  in  the 
vegetative  organs  is  abundantly  distinct. 

CCELOGYNE   FLAVIDA,  Hook.  f. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  39. 

Discovered  by  Thomas  Lobb  on  the  Khasia  Hills,  and  afterwards  by 
Cathcart  on  the  Sikkim  Himalayas. 

Closely  allied  to  Ccelogyne  barbata  and  C.  elata,  it  is  inferior  in  a 
horticultural  sense  to  both  these  species. 


CCELOGYNE   (PLEIONE)  HUMILIS,  Lindl 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5674  ;  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  vol.  ii.  p.  65,  t.  51 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix. 
p.  46  (in  W.  B.  Hemsley's  List  of  Garden  Orchids)  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 
pt.  vi.  p.  55,  figs. 

Originally  discovered  by  Dr.  Buchanan  Hamilton,  and  afterwards  by 
Griffiths,  this  plant  was  first  introduced  into  British  Gardens  in  1849 
through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  found  it  at  Sanahda  on  the  Khasia  Hills. 

The  lip  is  beautifully  fringed  and  the  flowers  vary  much  in  colour. 


CCELOGYNE   (PLEIONE)  LAGENAEIA,  Lindl 

Bot.   Mag.    t.  5370 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.   PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  56,  fig.  ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  1851, 

vol.  ii.  t.  39. 

Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  sent  plants  from  the  Khasia 
Hills,  Northern  India,  to  Exeter  in  1849,  and  always  a  great  favourite 
with  orchid  amateurs  on  account  of  its  beautiful  flowers,  freely  produced 
in  October  and  November. 

CCELOGYNE   LENTIGINOSA,  Lindl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5958;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  43. 

Introduced  in  1847  through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  discovered  it  in 
Moulmein. 

There  are  two  forms,  that  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  above 
quoted  being  inferior  in  the  beauty  of  its  flowers.  It  has  been  imported 
at  various  times  from  the  same  locality. 

118 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

CCELOGYNE  (PLBIONE)   MACULATA,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1850,  p.  710 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4691 ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  ii.  p.  5,  t.  39,  fig.  1. 

Introduced  from  the  Khasia  Hills  in  1849  by  Thomas  Lobb,  who  sent 
plants  to  Exeter.  In  1852  it  was  sent  from  Assam  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens, 
Kew,  by  Simons,  and  from  this  plant  was  made  the  figure  which  appears 
in  the  Botanical  Magazine.  It  was  exhibited  by  us  November  5th,  1850. 

CCELOGYNE  (PLEIONE)  MACULATA,  var.  AETHUEIANA,  Veitch. 

Syns.  C.  (Pleione)  Arthuriana,  Rchb. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  57 ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  40. 

The  variety  Arthuriana  was  sent  in  1881  by  a  correspondent  at 
Eangoon,  and  dedicated  by  Professor  Eeichenbach  to  the  memory  of  the 
late  Mr.  Arthur  Veitch. 

CCELOGYNE  PELTASTES,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  296 ;  Lindenia,  vi.  t.  258. 

Introduced  from  Borneo,  this  remarkable  Coelogyne  has  peculiar  pseudo- 
bulbs,  produced  at  different  levels  on  the  rhizome ;  these  are  somewhat 
crescent-shaped,  flattish,  convex  on  one  side  and  concave  on  the  other, 
closely  pressed  against  the  surface  over  which  they  grow,  forming 
reservoirs  for  water. 

CCELOGYNE   (PLEIONE)  POGONIOIDES,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Kew  Bulletin,  1896,  p.  196  ;  Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  291. 

Introduced  from  the  province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  through  Wilson, 
and  cultivated  at  Chelsea,  but  not  flowered  at  the  present  date. 

The  bulbs  are  used  by  the  Chinese  as  a  drug,  under  the  name  of 
"Pei-mu." 

It  is  closely  allied  to  Coelogyne  (Pleione)  humilis,  which  it  resembles  in 
the  flowering  stage  when  the  leaves  are  partly  developed. 

CCELOGYNE   (PLEIONE)  EEICHENBACHIANA,  Moore. 

T.  Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  1210 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5753 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 

pt.  vi.  p.  59. 

Discovered  by  Colonel  Benson,  of  Eangoon,  on  the  mountains  of 
Arracan,  and  by  him  introduced  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  and  to 
Chelsea,  but  now  very  rarely  seen  in  collections.  In  both  places  the 
plants  flowered  simultaneously  for  the  first  time  in  November  1868. 

CCELOGYNE   SCHILLEEIANA,   Bchb.f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5072 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  xxii.  t.  2302 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi. 

p.  49. 

Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  from  Moulmein  in  1857,  and  dedicated 

119 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

by  Professor  Eeichenbach  to  Consul  Schiller  of  Hamburg,  at  that  time  one 
of  the  most  prominent  amateur  orchidists  in  Europe. 

CCELOGYNE   SPECIOSA,   Lindl. 

Syns.  C.  salmonicolor ,  Rchb.  f. 
Bob.  Mag.  t.  4889;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  t.  23  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  50. 

Imported  from  Java  through  its  discoverer  Thomas  Lobb,  and  first 
flowered  in  1846. 

The  hairs  that  fringe  the  crest  of  the  lip  are  among  the  most  beautiful 
microscopic  objects  possible. 

CCELOGYNE  VEITCHII,   Bolfe. 

Kolfe  in  Kew  Bulletin,  November  1895,  p.  282  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  248 
(Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1896,  p.  6,  fig.; 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7764. 

A  very  distinct  little  species,  introduced  from  Western  New  Guinea 
through  David  Burke. 

The  flowers,  of  the  purest  white,  are  produced  in  racemes  almost  as 
long  as  those  of  its  near  allies,  the  beautiful  Ccelogyne  Dayana  and 
C.  Massangeana. 

CBYPTOPHOKANTHUS  GEACILENTUS,   Bolfe. 

Syns.  Masdevallia  gracilenta,  Rchb.  f. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  p.  693;  id.  Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  304;  Rchb.  in 
Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  98. 

One  of  the  Costa  Eica  discoveries  of  M.  Endres,  a  curious  "  window- 
bearing"  species,  the  flowers  of  which  are  closed  at  the  apex,  the  only 
access  to  the  interior  being  by  slits  or  "  windows  "  at  the  sides. 

CYCNOCHES  PENTADACTYLON,   Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1842,  p.  190 ;  id.  1843,  p.  319 ;  Lindl.  in  Bot.  Reg.  1843,  vol.  xxix.  p.  18 
(misc.)  ;  id.  t.  22 ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  iii.  sub  t.  75  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  ix. 
p.  143,  figs.  ;  Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  188,  fig.  26 ;  Gard.  Mag. 
1893,  p.  77,  with  plate  ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  74. 

Introduced  from  Eio  de  Janeiro  to  Exeter  through  William  Lobb  in  1841, 
this  species  produced  a  seven-flowered  raceme  in  March  1842,  from  which 
material  Dr.  Lindley  wrote  his  description. 

The  flowers  of  the  two  sexes  differ  much  in  size  and  appearance  and 
offered  considerable  difficulty  to  the  botanist  before  the  phenomenon  was 
thoroughly  understood. 

It  is  a  handsome  species,  the  flowers  greenish-yellow,  sometimes  white, 
barred  and  blotted  with  chocolate  brown ;  parts  of  the  lips  are  white, 
spotted  with  red. 

120 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

CYMBIDIUM   CANALICULATUM,   E.  Br. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5851 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  12. 

This  species  was  first  discovered  by  Robert  Brown  in  the  beginning  of 
the   last  century,  near   Cape   York,  in  North-East   Australia,  where   in 

1865  it  was   re-discovered  by  the  late   John  Gould  Veitch   and  by  him 
introduced  to  our  gardens. 

It  flowered  at  Chelsea  for  the  first  time  in  April  1870,  and  from  this 
plant,  the  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  was  prepared. 

CYMBIDIUM   GEANDIFLOEUM,    Griff. 

Syns.  0.  Hookerianum,  Rchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.   xi.  p.    267,  with  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.    PI.  pt.  ix.  p.   18; 
Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  7 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5574. 

Introduced  to  Exeter  through  Thomas  Lobb,  the  first  plant  flowering  in 

1866  at  Chelsea. 

Eeichenbach  at  once  described  it,  and  named  it  in  compliment  to  Sir 
Joseph  Hooker,  who  had  just  succeeded  his  father  as  Director  of  the  Eoyal 
Gardens,  Kew.  The  plant  had,  however,  previously  been  named  by  Griffith 
its  discoverer,  a  fact  overlooked  by  Eeichenbach  at  the  time. 

CYMBIDIUM   HUTTONI,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5676;  Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  232  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii. 

p.  63,  figs.  21,  22. 

A  rare  and  remarkable  species  sent  from  Java  by  the  unfortunate  Henry 
Hutton,  in  commemoration  of  whose  labours  and  early  death  it  is  named. 
Apparently  it  was  soon  lost  to  cultivation,  until  re-imported  to  Kew,  and 
flowered  in  the  Gardens  in  1900. 

The  flowers,  densely  spotted  all  over  with  dusky  brown  on  a  light 
yellow  ground,  are  almost  purple  at  the  apex  of  the  petals  and  lip. 

CYMBIDIUM   WILSONI,   Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxv.  p.  157,  with  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1904,  vol.  Ixv.  p.  189,  with 
fig.  ;  Orchid  Review,  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  79. 

A  remarkable  species  introduced  from  the  province  of  Yunnan,  South 
China,  through  E.  H.  Wilson  in  1901,  and  first  flowered  at  Chelsea  in 
February  1904. 

The  species  is  allied  to  Cymbidium  giganteum,  but  differs  in  being  much 
smaller  in  all  its  parts. 

The  fragrant  flowers  have  brownish-green  sepals  and  petals  obscurely 
marked  with  reddish  dots  at  the  base,  the  lip  is  cream-white  with 
irregular  reddish-brown  blotches  and  markings,  and  the  tip  of  the  rostellum 
maroon  purple. 

121 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   AEGUS,   Bchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.   1873,    p.  608 ;  id.  1874,  p.  710 ;  PI.   Mag.  t.  220 ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  6175 ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  xxxii.  (1882),  p.  241 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  11. 

Discovered  by  Gustav  Wallis  in  1872  in  Luzon,  one  of  the  Philippine 
Islands,  and  introduced  through  him  immediately  afterwards,  this 
Cypripedium  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  Europe  in  April  1873. 

It  was  named  Argus  by  Professor  Eeichenbach  in  allusion  to  the  warty 
eye-like  spots  on  the  petals,  which  form  its  most  striking  characteristic. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)  BAEBATUM,  Lindl 

Lindl.  Bot.  Eeg.  1842,  t.  17  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4234  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  12,  fig. 

Discovered  by  Cuming  in  1840  on  Mount  Ophir,  near  Malacca  in  the 
Malay  Peninsula,  and  sent  by  him  to  Messrs.  Loddiges  of  Hackney,  with 
whom  it  first  flowered. 

Thomas  Lobb  collected  it  three  years  later  in  the  same  locality,  and 
from  his  importation  the  plant  became  generally  distributed. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  BOISSIEEIANUM,   Echb. 

Syns.  C.  (Selenepedium)  reticulatum,  Rchb. 

Echb.   in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  143,  fig. ;  id.  vol.  xviii.   1882,  p.  620 ;  Veitchs' 

Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  57. 

This  first  became  known  in  British  gardens  through  Walter  Davis,  who 
found  it,  unknown  to  himself  at  the  time,  with  Cypripedium  caudatum, 
near  Muna  in  the  Huanuco  district  of  Peru  in  1875-1876,  in  the  same 
locality  in  which  the  latter  had  been  collected  by  William  Lobb  in  1847. 
Presumably  both  species  were  found  here  by  Euiz  and  Pavon  sixty  years 
previously. 

CYPEIPEDIUM    (PHEAGMOPEDILUM)   CAEICINUM,   Lindl. 

Syns.  C.  Pea/rcei,  Batem. 

Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  1850,  vol.  i.  t.  9 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5466 ;  PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  xvi. 
t.  1648 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  59,  fig. 

Introduced  in  1863  through  Pearce  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this 
country  at  Chelsea  in  May  of  the  following  year.  The  specific  name,  from 
carex,  "a  sedge,"  is  in  allusion  to  the  sedge-like  leaves. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (PHEAGMOPEDILUM)   CAUDATUM,   Lindl 

Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  1850-1851,  i.  p.  37,  t.  9;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  60,  fig. ; 
Orchid  Eeview,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  355,  frontispiece  (the  variety  Wallisii). 

Although  previously  known  to  science,  Cypripedium  caudatum  remained 
unknown  to  Horticulture  till  introduced  by  William  Lobb  in  1847,  from 
the  Huanuco  district  of  Peru,  where  thirty  years  afterwards  it  was 
collected  by  Davis,  who  at  the  same  time  sent  the  variety  Wallisii.  Pearce 
also  sent  a  few  plants  to  Chelsea  in  1862,  having  met  with  them  in  the 
Caupolica  district,  on  the  Andes  of  Ecuador,  at  5,000-6,000  ft.  elevation. 

122 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   CUETISII,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  8 ;  Orcliid  Album,  iii.  t.  122. 

Discovered  in  Sumatra  in  1882  and  introduced  by  Curtis,  whose  name 
it  bears.  It  inhabits  the  great  mountain  range  that  stretches  almost 
through  the  entire  length  of  the  island,  at  elevations  of  3,000-4,000  ft. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   HAYNALDIANUM,  Rchb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  272 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6296 ;   Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv. 

p.  28. 

Introduced  in  1893  from  the  Philippine  Islands,  through  Gustav  Wallis, 
who  had  discovered  it  at  San  Isidro  near  Manila,  and  dedicated  to  Cardinal 
Haynald,  Archbishop  of  Kaloesa  in  Hungary. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   JAVANICDM,  Ewdt. 

Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  1850-1851,  vol.  i.  p.  38  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1851,  vol.  vii.  t.  703 ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  35. 

First  discovered  by  the  Dutch  botanist,  Eeinwardt,  on  the  mountains  of 
Eastern  Java  in  1826,  though  not  introduced  to  European  gardens  till 
1840,  when  Thomas  Lobb  sent  plants  to  Exeter. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   LAWEENCEANUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ii.  p.  748  ;  id.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  780,  fig.  134 ;  Bot. 
Mag.  t.  6432  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn  xxiii.  t.  2372 ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1883,  vol.  xxx.  t.  478 ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  36,  fig.  opposite. 

Discovered  by  F.  W.  Burbidge  in  1878  on  the  left  bank  of  the  Lawas 
Eiver,  near  Meringit,  North  Borneo,  at  an  altitude  of  1,000-1,500  ft. 
above  sea-level,  growing  in  company  with  the  dwarf  palm,  Pinanga 
Veitchii. 

It  was  dedicated  by  Professor  Eeichenbach  to  Sir  Trevor  Lawrence,  the 
President  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society,  and  the  owner  of  a  very  rare 
collection  of  orchids. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (PHEAGMOPEDILUM)  LINDLEYANUM,  Schomb. 

N.  E.   Brown   in  Gard.  Chron.   1885,  vol.  xxiv.   p.    262 ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886, 
vol.  xxv.  p.  680 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  64. 

First  discovered  by  Schomburgk.  during  his  exploration  of  British 
Guiana,  on  the  southern  slopes  of  the  Eoraima  mountain  at  6,000  ft. 
elevation,  it  was  re-discovered  in  1881  by  David  Burke,  who  brought  plants 
to  Chelsea  in  the  autumn  of  that  year.  None  flowered  till  January  1886. 

In  the  meantime  it  had  been  sent  to  Kew,  where  it  produced  its  flowers 
for  the  first  time  in  1885. 

123 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPBDILUM)   NIVEUM,   Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1038  ;  id.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  16,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  5922  ;  The  Garden,  1876,  vol.  ix.  t.  23  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  39, 
fig.  ;  Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  273,  fig.  44. 

The  first  appearance  of  Cypripedium  niveum  was  a  surprise.  In  1868 
we  received  from  Moulmein  a  consignment  of  plants  of  a  Cypripedium, 
supposed  to  be  C.  concolor,  but  which,  on  flowering  in  the  spring  of  the 
following  year,  proved  to  be  the  very  beautiful  white  species  now  known 
as  C.  niveum. 

It  is  not  a  native  of  Moulmein,  but  of  the  Tambilan  Islands,  situate 
midway  between  Singapore  and  Sarawak  and  the  Langkawi  Islands, 
a  few  miles  north  of  Penang,  from  which  locality  our  plants  were 
presumably  obtained. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   PHILIPPINENSE,  Bchb. 

Syns.  C.  Icevigatum,  Batem. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5508  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  tt.  1760-1761;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1867,  t.  6;  Gard.  Chron. 
1865,  p.  914;  Rev.  Hort.  Beige,  1881,  p.  121;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv. 
p.  43,  fig. 

This  species,  discovered  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  the  Philippine 
Islands  and  by  him  sent  to  Chelsea  in  1861,  bloomed  for  the  first  time  in 
March  1865. 

It  was  found  established  on  the  roots  of  Vanda  Batemanni,  to  obtain 
which  was  the  object  of  the  voyage,  and  for  which  the  traveller  long 
sought  in  vain,  but  once  happily  running  the  boat  ashore  in  a  bay  of 
a  small  island,  he  was  delighted  and  astonished  to  find  the  neighbouring 
rocks  covered  with  the  plant  of  which  he  was  in  quest. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)    SUPEEBIENS,   Echb.  f. 

Fl.  des  Serres,  1861,  vol.  xiv.  p.  161,  t.  1453 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  51,  fig. 

Only  two  plants  of  this  species  have  ever  been  introduced,  and  all  now 
growing  in  orchid  collections  have  been  derived  from  the  two  originally 
imported. 

Messrs.  Eollison  introduced  the  first  plant  either  from  Java  or  Assam, 
and  sold  it  in  1855  to  Consul  Schiller  of  Hamburg. 

The  second  plant  appeared  in  an  importation  of  Cypripedium  barbatum 
collected  in  1857  by  Thomas  Lobb  on  Mount  Ophir,  near  the  southern 
extremity  of  the  Malay  Peninsula. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   TIBETICUM,   King. 
Orchid  Review,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  194. 

A  hardy  species  introduced  from  Western  China  through  Wilson. 
The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  Siberian  Cypripedium  macranthon 
but  are  larger ;  the  sepals  and  petals  have  numerous  broad  blackish-purple 

124 


ORCHID    SPECIES 

lines  on  a  greenish-yellow  ground  ;  the  pouch  is  large,  blackish-purple  in 
front  with  a  greenish  area  at  the  base  and  a  purplish  reticulation  where 
the  two  colours  meet. 

Plants  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  Wood  in  June  1905. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   TONSUM,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  262 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  53. 

Discovered  in  the  mountains  of  Sumatra  by  Curtis,  who  collected  it, 
mixed  with  Cypripedium  Curtisii. 

The  specific  name,  tonsum,  "  shorn,"  refers  to  the  absence  of  black 
marginal  hairs  that  fringe  the  petals  of  closely  allied  species. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (PAPHIOPEDILUM)   VILLOSUM,  Lindl 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  135 ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  iv.  (1857),  pi.  126  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  xiv. 
t.  1475;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  54;  The  Garden,  1891,  vol.  xxxix. 
p.  568,  pi.  810. 

First  discovered  by  Thomas  Lobb  on  the  mountains  near  Moulmein 
at  4,000-5,000  ft.  elevation,  and  introduced  through  him  in  1853, 
Cypripedium  villosum  has  proved  to  be  one  of  the  most  potent  of  hybrid- 
izing agents,  and  has  entered  largely  into  the  composition  of  some  of  the 
finest  seedlings  yet  raised. 

DENDEOBIUM  ACEOBATICUM,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  802. 

Introduced  from  Moulmein,  and  named  acrobaticum  by  Professor 
Eeichenbach  on  account  of  the  peculiar  growth  of  the  pseudo-bulbs, 
which  reminded  him  of  acrobatic  contortions. 

DENDEOBIUM  ALBOSANGUINEUM,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  vol.  ii.  t.  5  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5130 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  vii.  p.  209 ; 
Veitchs'  Man,  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  16. 

Introduced  in  1851  through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  found  it  on  the  hills 
near  the  Atran  river.  It  occurs  in  several  parts  of  Burmah,  always  on  the 
tops  of  the  highest  trees.  The  flowers  are  white  with  a  reddish  maroon 
blotch  on  the  sides  of  the  lip. 

DENDEOBHJM  AMETHYSTOGLOSSUM,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.    in   Gard.   Chron.   1872,   p.   109;    Bot.    Mag.  t.    5968;   Veitchs'  Man.    Orch.    PI. 

pt.  iii.  p.  16. 

Introduced  in  1872  from  the  Philippines  through  Gustave  Wallis,  who 
sent  a  single  plant  mixed  with  Dendrobium  taurinum.  Though  since 
imported  in  restricted  numbers,  it  still  remains  a  rare  species  in  collections. 
The  specific  name  is  in  allusion  to  the  rich  amethyst-purple  of  the  lip. 

125 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

DENDROBIUM  ANNULIGEEUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  675 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  625  (W.  B.  Hemsley's  List  of 

Garden  Orchids). 

Introduced  from  Marisa.  The  limits  of  the  internodes  along  the 
attenuated  stems  are  marked  with  obscure  bars,  from  which  peculiarity 
the  specific  name  was  derived. 

DENDEOBIUM  ANTELOPE,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  656. 

A  curious  species  sent  from  the  Moluccas  by  Curtis,  and  named 
antelope  by  Professor  Eeichenbach,  from  a  fancied  resemblance  between 
the  erect  antenniform  petals  and  the  straight  horns  of  such  antelopes 
as  Antelope  Oreas. 

DENDROBIUM  ARACHNOSTACHYUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  334 ;  id.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  38. 

Sent  to  Chelsea  by  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch.  The  flowers  were  thought  by 
Professor  Reichenbach  to  resemble  green  spiders  ;  hence  the  specific  name. 
Of  botanical  interest  only,  it  does  not  now  appear  to  be  in  cultivation. 

DENDROBIUM  ATRO-VIOLACEUM,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  512 ;  id.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  113,  f.  12  ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  7371 ;  Orchid  Album,  t.  444 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  65,  f.  10 ; 
Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  305,  fig.  12. 

Introduced  from  Eastern  New  Guinea,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
Europe  in  April,  1890. 

Sir  Joseph  Hooker  writes  of  this  species  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  as 
follows : — 

"  Of  all  Dendrobes  known  to  me  I  cannot  recall  amongst  recent  dis- 
coveries one  so  strikingly  unlike  its  congeners  in  coloration,  and  at  the 
same  time  so  beautiful  in  this  respect,  as  Dendrobium  atro-violaceum." 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  primrose-yellow  with  numerous  dusky  brown 
spots,  and  the  lip  inside  deep  violet-purple,  with  a  few  paler  radiating 
lines  near  the  margin.  Outside  the  lip  is  green,  with  a  large  dark  violet 
irregular  blotch  on  either  side. 

DENDROBIUM  BELLATULUM,  Bolfe. 

Orchid  Review,  1903,  p.  103  j  id.  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  135  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxv. 
p.  258  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7985. 

This  beautiful  little  plant,  much  like  a  miniature  Dendrobium  formosum, 
was  originally  discovered  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  in  Yunnan,  and  afterwards 
introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  who  sent  home  living  plants  in 

126 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

1900.     The  sepals  and  petals  are  white,  and  the  front  lobe  of  the  lip 
reddish-orange. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  the  Royal  Gardens,  Kew 

DENDBOBIUM  BENSON^,  Bchb.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5679 ;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  355  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iii.  p.  22,  with  fig.  ; 
Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  241,  fig.  40. 

Sent  to  us  in  1866  from  British  Burmah  by  Colonel  Benson,  and  named 
after  Mrs.  Benson  at  the  Colonel's  request ;  one  of  the  best  white- 
flowered  Dendrobes  in  the  section  to  which  it  belongs. 

There  are  several  varieties  referable  to  this  species,  differing  mainly  in 
robustness  of  habit,  size  of  flower,  and  lip-marking. 

DENDEOBIUM   BIGIBBUM,  Lindl.,  var.  SUPEBBUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  748 ;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  pi.  229 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  23. 

A  variety,  with  larger  flowers  more  brightly  coloured  than  those  of  the 
type,  discovered  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  in  1865,  on  Mount 
Adolphus,  near  Torres  Strait,  and  through  him  introduced.  It  flowered 
for  the  first  time  in  December  1878. 

At  the  same  time  the  discoverer  sent  the  first  large  importation  of 
Dendrobium  bigibbum  ever  received  in  this  country. 

DENDBOBIUM  BINOCULABE,  Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  785  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  24. 

Sent  to  us  from  British  Burmah  in  1868  by  Colonel  Benson,  who  found 
plants  growing  on  hills  eastward  of  Prome :  it  is  now  but  rarely  seen  in 
British  collections.  The  specific  name  refers  to  the  two  "  eyes "  or 
blotches  on  the  labellum. 

DENDBOBIUM  CANALICULATUM,  B.  Br. 

Syns.  D.  Tattonianum,  Batem. 
(Jard.  Chron.  1865,  p.  890 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5537 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  26. 

Introduced  in  1865  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  who  discovered  it  at 
Endeavour  Creek,  York  Peninsula,  in  North-East  Australia,  and  very 
noticeable  on  account  of  its  pseudo-bulbous  stem,  its  deep-coloured  lip, 
and  the  fragrance  of  its  flowers. 

DENDBOBIUM   CEBINUM,   Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  554. 

Collected  in  the  Malayan  Archipelago  and  introduced  to  cultivation  by 
F.  W.  Burbidge. 

127 


Flowered  in  July,  1879,  for  the  first  time  it  was  described  by  Professor 
Keichenbach  from  material  supplied  by  us. 

The  Professor  says  of  it,  "  The  lip  is  just  alarming,  it  mimics  that  of 
Dendrobium  sanguinolentum,  but  is  oblong  not  three-lobed,  and  shows 
numerous  minute  teeth  on  its  anterior  edge.  The  whole  flower  is  of 
very  firm  texture  and  shining  as  if  made  of  wax." 

It  is  not  now  in  cultivation. 

DENDEOBIUM   CEASSINODE,   Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  164 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5766 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii. 

p.  31. 

Sent  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  and  to  Chelsea,  by  Colonel  Benson  in 
1868,  from  the  mountains  of  Arracan,  near  Moulmein,  India,  it  flowered 
simultaneously  in  both  establishments  in  January  1869,  but  had  previously 
been  made  known  to  science  by  the  Eev.  C.  Parish,  who  sent  a  sketch 
of  it  to  Sir  W.  J.  Hooker,  of  Kew,  prepared  from  material  obtained  in 
the  Siamese  province  of  Kiong-Koung. 

The  specific  name  refers  to  the  swollen  joints  on  the  pseudo-bulbs, 
by  which  this  specimen  can  be  readily  distinguished. 

DENDEOBIUM   CEETACEUM,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  t.  62 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4686 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  33. 

Sent  to  Exeter  in  1846  by  Thomas  Lobb,  who  detected  it  in  the 
Moulmein  district. 

The  specific  name,  from  creta,  "  chalk,"  refers  to  the  colour  of  the 
flowers,  which  appear  in  May  and  June. 

DENDEOBIUM  CEYSTALLINUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  572;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6319;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  34. 

Discovered  on  the  Arracan  Mountains  near  Tongu,  in  British  Burmah, 
by  Colonel  Benson,  through  whom  it  was  introduced,  and  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  Europe  at  Chelsea  in  the  spring  of  1868. 

The  specific  name  was  given  in  allusion  to  the  crystalline  papillae  with 
which  the  anther  case  is  covered. 

DENDEOBIUM  CUMULATUM,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  in   Gard.  Chron.  1855,  p.  756;  Rchb.  id.  1868,  p.  6;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5703;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  35. 

Eeceived  at  Kew  and  Chelsea  from  Moulmein  through  Colonel  Benson 
in  1867. 

It  had  previously  appeared  in  the  collection  of  Mr.  P.  Coventry,  at 
Shirley,  near  Southampton,  as  early  as  1855,  but  its  native  country 
was  then  unknown. 

128 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

DENDEOBIUM  GLOMEEATUM,   Rolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  653,  fig.  80;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  169. 

A  species  imported  from  New  Guinea,  producing  in  small  bunches  from 
unpromising-looking  pseudo-bulbs  flowers  of  a  warm  rosy  purple  tint,  with 
an  orange-coloured  labellum. 

This  species  is  without  doubt  the  finest  of  the  Pycnostachyate  or 
"  cluster-flowered  "  Dendrobes  yet  introduced. 

DENDBOBIUM  GOULDII,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  901. 

One  of  the  numerous  Polynesian  introductions  of  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  in  honour  of  whom  it  was  named  by  Professor  Eeichenbach,  but 
now  unfortunately  lost  to  cultivation. 

DENDEOBIUM  HUTTONII,   Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  686;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  49. 

Discovered  in  Timor,  one  of  the  islands  of  the  Malay  Archipelago,  by 
Henry  Hutton  in  1868,  and  an  exceedingly  rare,  beautiful  species  with 
pure  white  sepals  and  petals,  now  seldom  to  be  found. 

DENDEOBIUM   INFUNDIBULUM,   Lindl.,   var.  JAMESIANUM. 

Syns.  D.  Jamesianum,  Rchb.  f. 

Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI.   pt.  iii.  p.  50 ;    Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  554 ;   PL  and 

Pom.  1869,  p.  187. 

Introduced  through  Colonel  Benson,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  in 
British  Burmah,  and  dedicated  by  Eeichenbach  as  a  distinct  species  to  the 
late  Mr.  James  Veitch  junior. 

The  type  species  was  collected  by  Thomas  Lobb  when  travelling  for 
us  in  British  Burmah,  but  was  not  introduced  on  that  occasion. 

DENDEOBIUM  JOHANNIS,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1865,  p.  890;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5540. 

A  peculiar  species  having  brown  twisted  sepals  and  petals,  and  a  bright 
yellow  lip,  discovered  in  1865  in  North-East  Australia  by  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch,  who  sent  plants  to  Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  in 
August  of  that  year. 

DENDEOBIUM  JOHNSON!^,  F.  Muell. 

Syns.  D.  Macfarlanei,  Rchb.  f. 
The  Garden,  1897,  vol.  li.  p.  262,  pi.  1113 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  59,  fig. 

Ee-introduced  in  1889  through  the  Eev.  S.  M.  Macfarlane,  who  sent 
plants  from  New  Guinea,  in  which  country  he  laboured  as  a  missionary. 

129 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

DENDEOBIUM  KUHLII,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  Bot.  Eeg.  1847,  t.  47. 

Introduced  from  Java  by  Thomas  Lobb,  but  does  not  appear  to  have 
lived  long  in  cultivation,  or  to  have  excited  much  interest. 

DENDEOBIUM   LASIOGLOSSUM,   Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  682 ;  id.  1869,  p.  277 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5825;  Veitchs'  Man. 

Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  52. 

Discovered  in  the  forests  of  Burmah  by  Colonel  Benson,  and  sent  to 
Chelsea  and  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  where  it  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  February  1868. 

The  specific  name  refers  to  the  hairy  lip  or  labellum. 

DENDEOBIUM   LEUCOLOPHOTUM,   Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xviii.  p.  552 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iii.  p.  53. 

Introduced  through  Curtis  from  the  Malay  Archipelago,  the  precise 
locality  being  unknown. 

Its  chief  value  is  the  habit  of  flowering  during  November  and  December, 
when  few  other  Dendrobes  are  in  bloom. 

The  specific  name  is  from  the  Greek,  "  a  tuft  of  long  white  hair," 
and  refers  to  the  long  onersided  racemes  of  white  flowers,  which  bear 
a  fancied  resemblance  to  a  horse's  mane. 

DENDEOBIUM   LINEALE,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  381. 

A  species  introduced  from  New  Guinea,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
October  1889  :  the  name  lineale,  "  consisting  of  lines,"  was  suggested  by 
the  numerous  lines  on  the  lips  of  the  flower. 

DENDEOBIUM  MACEOPHYLLUM,  A.  Bich.,  var.  HUTTONI. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  New  PI.  for  1869,  p.  24. 

A  white  variety  of  the  type,  now  rare  in  cultivation.  The  plants  were 
sent  from  the  Moluccas  by  Hutton,  after  whom  it  was  named. 

DENDEOBIUM  MACEOPHYLLUM,  A.  Bich.,  var.  VEITCHIANUM. 

Syns.  D.  Veitchianum,  Lindl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5649 ;  Lindl.  in  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  sub  t.  25 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii. 

p.  60. 

Sent  to  Exeter  in  1846  by  Thomas  Lobb,  who  found  it  in  the  hottest 
jungles  in  the  island  of  Java. 

130 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

DENDEOBIUM   MESOCHLOEUM,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  t.  36 ;  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  p.  63,  fig.  43 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  61. 

This  very  desirable  plant  bearing  flowers  with  a  violet-like  perfume  was 
introduced  from  India,  through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  gave  no  locality. 

DENDEOBIUM  MOOEEI,  F.Mwill. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  139;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  61. 

A  small  white-flowered  species  sent  to  us  in  1878  by  Mr.  Charles  Moore, 
Director  of  the  Botanic  Gardens  at  Sydney,  New  South  Wales,  to  whom 
it  is  dedicated.  A  native  of  Lord  Howe's  Island,  it  was  discovered  in  1869 
by  Mr.  Fitzgerald,  author  of  an  illustrated  work  on  the  Australian 
Orchids. 

DENDEOBIUM  PALPEBE^E,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  x.  p.  33  (1849) ;  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  1850-1851,  i.  p.  48 ;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  67. 

Introduced  in  1849  from  Moulmein  through  Thomas  Lobb. 

The  specific  name  Palpebrae,  "  eye-lids,"  refers  to  the  fringe  of  long 
hairs  like  eye-lashes  near  the  base  of  the  lip.  It  is  found  sparingly  in 
Burmah,  varying  in  colour  from  white  to  dark  rose. 

DENDEOBIUM  PETEI,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  107. 

Introduced  by  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch,  who  discovered  it  in  Polynesia,  in  a 
locality  not  recorded,  and  after  whom  it  was  named  by  Dr.  Eeichenbach  : 
probably  now  lost  to  cultivation. 

DENDEOBIUM  POLYCAEPUM,   Echb.  /. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  492. 

This  species,  introduced  from  the  Sondaic  area  by  Curtis,  does  not 
appear  to  be  now  in  cultivation.  The  flowers  are  often  self-fertilized, 
and  an  abundance  of  seed-capsules  produced ;  hence  the  specific  name. 

DENDEOBIUM  PE.ECINCTUM,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  iii.  p.  750. 

A  small  species  of  botanical  interest  only,  introduced  with  an  impor- 
tation of  Dendrobium  Devonianum,  and  apparently  not  now  in  cultivation. 

DENDEOBIUM   SUBCLAUSUM,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Kew  Bulletin,  October,  1894 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  655  (Report  of 
R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

A    brilliantly  coloured   and   remarkable   species    introduced   from   the 

131 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

Malay  Archipelago,  with   bright   cinnabar-orange-coloured  flowers  which 
opened  for  the  first  time  in  July  1894. 

DENDEOBIUM  SUPEKBIENS,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  515 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  76. 

One  of  the  most  striking  of  the  Australian  Dendrobes,  a  native  of  York 
Peninsula  and  some  of  the  islands  in  Torres  Strait,  whence  it  was 
introduced  by  us  in  1876,  through  the  late  Sir  William  MacArthur  of 
Sydney,  New  South  Wales. 

DENDEOBIUM  SUPEEBUM,   var.   ANOSUM,  Rchb.  f. 

(a)  Hutton's  var. 

(b)  Burke's  var. 

Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  306  (Burke's  var.)  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1206 
(Hutton's  var.) ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  77. 

The  variety  anosum  was  introduced  to  this  country  by  the  collector 
Cuming,  and  is  remarkable  for  the  almost  entire  absence  of  the  rhubarb- 
like  odour  which  characterizes  the  species. 

Burke's  variety  is  a  very  beautiful  one,  introduced  in  1883  by  the 
collector  whose  name  it  bears.  The  flowers  are  large,  of  a  pure  white 
colour,  with  the  throat  of  the  lip  delicately  pencilled  with  pale  purple. 

Hutton's  variety  was  sent  home  in  1869  from  one  of  the  islands  in  the 
Malay  Archipelago,  and  resembles  Burke's  variety,  but  the  throat  of  the 
lip  is  deep  purple. 

DENDEOBIUM  TAUEINUM,  Lindl,  var.  AMBOINENSE. 

Orchid  Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  304. 

A  form  of  the  Philippine  "  Bull's  Head  "  Dendrobe,  introduced  through 
David  Burke  from  the  island  of  Amboina,  and  first  flowered  at  Chelsea 
in  1897. 

The  colour  of  the  flowers  differs  from  that  of  the  type,  the  sepals 
being  greenish-yellow  suffused  with  bronzy  brown ;  the  petals  are  deep 
purple-brown,  as  are  the  side  lobes  of  the  lip,  the  front  lobe  more 
nearly  resembling  the  sepals  in  colour. 

DENDEOBIUM  TETEACHEOMUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  712. 

Introduced  from  Borneo  through  Curtis,  and  named  tetrachromum 
by  Professor  Eeichenbach  from  the  "  four  colours  "  of  its  flowers. 

DENDEOBIUM  TIPULIFEEUM,   Rchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  72. 

A  species,  of  botanical  interest  only,  introduced  from  the  Fiji  Islands 
through  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch,  and  apparently  lost  to  cultivation. 

132 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

DENDKOBIUM   TOBTILE,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1847,  p.  797,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4477  ;  Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI. 
pt.  iii.  p.  81 ;  Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  201,  fig.  33. 

Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1847  from  the  Mergui  district  in 
Tenasserim,  British  Burmah. 

The  twisted  sepals  and  petals  of  the  flowers  suggested  the  specific  name. 
In  colour  they  are  rosy  lilac,  with  a  pale  yellow  lip  blotched  with  purple 
at  the  base. 

DENDEOBIUM  TEANSPAEENS,    Wall. 

Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  t.  27 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4663 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iii.  p.  81. 

Discovered  by  Dr.  Wallich  in  the  early  part  of  the  last  century,  but  not 
introduced  to  European  gardens  till  1852,  in  which  year  Thomas  Lobb 
sent  plants  to  Exeter. 

It  was  shortly  afterwards  sent  to  Kew,  by  Simons,  from  Assam. 

DENDEOBIUM   XANTHOPHLEBIUM,   Lindl. 

Syns.  D.  marginatum,  Batem. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1857,  p.  268;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5454;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii. 

p.  84. 

Introduced  from  Moulmein  through  Thomas  Lobb,  and  later  by  the 
Eev.  C.  Parish.  It  is  now  rarely  seen  in  gardens. 

EPIDENDEUM  BICAMEEATUM,  Echb.f. 

Syns.  E.  Kwrwinskyi,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.    Chron.  1869,  p.  710;  id.  1871,  p.  1194;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi. 

p.  90. 

A  native  of  Mexico  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Oaxaca,  where  it  was  first 
discovered  by  Karwinsky,  and  subsequently  by  Galcotti  and  others. 

It  was  introduced  in  1868,  amongst  an  importation  of  Epidendrum 
vitellinum. 

EPIDENDEUM   CNEMIDOPHOEUM,  Lindl. 

Gard.   Chron.   1864,  pp.  292  and  364 ;  Bot.    Mag.  t.   5656 ;    Veitchs'   Man.    Orch.    PL 

pt.  vi.  p.  92. 

Discovered  in  Guatemala  by  Mr.  G.  Ure-Skinner,  who  sent  a  few  plants 
to  some  of  his  personal  friends,  and  to  Chelsea  in  1864.  The  plant,  rare 
in  its  native  country,  attains  a  height  of  6  ft.  or  more,  and  the  strongly- 
scented  flowers  are  among  the  handsomest  of  the  genus. 

EPIDENDEUM  CEINIFEEUM,   Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.   1871,  p.   1291 ;  Bot.    Mag.   t.   6094 ;    Veitchs'   Man.    Orch.   PL 

pt.  vi.  p.  95. 

Introduced  through  Endres,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  in  Costa  Eica 

133  K 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

in  1870.     The  specific  name,  from  crinis,  "  a  lock  of  hair,"  and  ferre,  "  to 
bear,"  relates  to  the  hair-like  side  lobes  of  the  lip. 

EPIDENDEUM  LINDLEYANUM,  Bchb.  /.,   var.   CENTERS. 

Syns.  Barkeria  Lindleyana  Centerae,  Rchb. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  105  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  1597 ;  The  Garden,  1885, 

vol.  xxvii.  p.  396,  pi.  490. 

Introduced  from  Costa  Eica  through  Endres  in  1873,  and  dedicated  to 
Mrs.  Center,  wife  of  the  then  superintendent  of  the  Panama  Eailway. 

The  flowers  are  larger  than  those  of  the  type,  purplish-lilac  in  colour, 
with  a  number  of  large  blotches  about  the  column. 

EPIDENDEUM   PHYSODES,   Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  289. 

Sent  from  Costa  Eica  by  Zahn. 

A  small-flowered  species  with  whitish-brown  flowers,  of  botanical 
interest  only,  and  apparently  not  now  cultivated. 

EPIDENDEUM    PSEUDEPIDENDEUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.   Xen.    Orch.  i.   p.    160,  t.  53  ;  Rchb.   in   Gard.   Chron.    1872,  p.  763 ;  Bot.   Mag. 
t.  5929;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  113,  figs. 

Specimens  of  this  species  were  orginally  collected  by  Warscewicz,  who 
presented  them  to  Professor  Eeichenbach,  and  from  this  material  the 
description  and  plate  in  the  Xenia  were  prepared.  For  twenty  years  no 
more  was  heard  of  the  plant  till  Zahn  sent  home  specimens,  which  flowered 
for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea,  in  July  1871. 

The  colouring  of  the  flowers  is  peculiar,  the  sepals  and  petals  being 
bright  frog-green,  and  the  labellum  bright  scarlet. 

EPIDENDEUM   SYEINGOTHYESIS,   Bchb.  /. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6145  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi.  p.  121. 

Introduced  to  Chelsea  by  Pearce  in  1868,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time 
in  May  of  the  following  year.  It  is  a  native  of  Bolivia,  and  had  previously 
been  gathered  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Sorata,  and  also  in  the  Andean 
valley  of  Challasuya  by  Man  don,  who  sent  specimens  to  Professor 
Eeichenbach. 

The  great  size  of  the  dense-flowered  raceme,  and  its  general  resemblance 
in  form  and  colour  to  the  Lilac,  suggested  the  specific  name. 

EPIDENDEUM   THEOMBODES,   Bchb.  f. 

Linnea,  xli.  p.   79;    Gard.   Chron.   1883,  vol.   xx.  p.   606  (W.   B.  Hemsley's  List  of 

Garden  Orchids). 

A    species    allied   to    Epidendrum    aromaticum   with    yellow   flowers 

134 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

blotched  with  purple-brown  introduced  from  Peru  in  1883.     Of  botanical 
interest  only,  it  is  now  lost  to  cultivation. 

EPIDENDBUM  WALLISII,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.   in  Gard.   Chron.  1875,  p.  66  ;  id.  1878,  p.  462 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vi. 

p.  126. 

Introduced  through  Gustav  Wallis  (after  whom  it  is  named)  in  1874  from 
New  Grenada,  where  it  grows  in  light  situations  at  an  elevation  of  from 
4,000-7,000  ft. 

It  is  of  value  horticulturally  on  account  of  the  flowers  which  are  large  for 
species  of  this  genus,  and  continue  to  be  produced  almost  throughout  the 
year.  They  measure  some  2  in.  across,  are  of  a  yellow  colour  with 
spots  of  purple,  and  streaks  of  the  last-named  colour  are  prominent  on  the 
spreading  whitish  lip.  Epidendrum  Wallisii  is  also  the  parent  of  several 
very  interesting  hybrids,  equally  valuable  for  the  long  period  over  which 
they  remain  in  bloom. 

EBIA  CUBTISII,   Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  685. 

Sent  from  Borneo  by  Curtis.  The  flowers  are  yellowish  white,  equal  to 
those  of  Eria  Ibera  and  similar  species  ;  the  oblong  bracts  are  unusually 
developed,  in  the  way  of  those  of  E.  bractescens,  Lindl.  It  does  not 
appear  to  be  now  in  cultivation. 

EBIA  IGNEA,   Rchb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  782. 

Imported  from  Borneo.  The  flowers  are  chrome-yellow,  but  the  large 
bracts  are  almost  vermilion  in  colour,  from  which  feature  the  plant  takes 
its  specific  name. 

GALEANDBA   BABBATA,   Lem. 

Lem.  in  1'Illus.  Hort.  iii.  pp.  86,  89  ;  id.  vol.  vii.  t.  248  ;  Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1892, 

vol.  xii.  p.  431. 

An  Amazonian  species  introduced  about  the  year  1856  and  flowered 
shortly  afterwards. 

Its  specific  name  is  derived  from  the  beard  or  tuft  of  hair  on  the  disc  of 
the  lip. 

GOODYEBA   (GEOBCHIS)   MACBANTHA,   Maxim. 

Fl.  des  Serres,  1867-68,  torn.  vii.  p.  113 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  1022,  fig. 

Brought  to  this  country  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  on  his  return 
from  Japan.  The  foliage  is  prettily  marked  as  in  certain  Ancectochili, 
and  renders  the  plant  worthy  of  cultivation  for  that  feature  alone. 

135 


HOULLETIA  BEOCKLEHUESTIANA,   Lindl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4072;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  ix.  p.  49;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  121. 

This  species  first  flowered  in  the  collection  of  Mr.  Brocklehurst  of  the 
Firs,  near  Macclesfield,  in  the  year  1841,  but  remained  scarce  in  gardens 
until  William  Lobb  detected  it  on  the  Organ  Mountains,  and  sent  plants 
to  Exeter  in  1842.  It  is  now  found  in  many  collections. 

L^LIA   ANGEPS,   Lindl,   var.   VEITCHIANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  274;  The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxv.  p.  534,  pi.  446,  fig.  7 ; 
Orchid  Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  53. 

A  light  form  found  in  an  importation  of  the  type.  The  sepals  and  petals 
are  white  with  sometimes  a  faint  tint  of  rose,  and  the  largely  developed 
lobes  of  the  lip  are  of  a  soft  lilac  tint  delicately  pencilled  with  purple. 

LIPAEIS  FORMOSANA,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  394. 

Discovered  in  Formosa  by  Charles  Maries,  by  whom  seeds  were  sent  to 
England,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  March  1880. 

The  sepals  and  petals  of  the  flowers  are  very  light  purple  with  green 
borders ;  the  lip  dark  brown  with  a  similar  green  border,  and  the  peduncle 
a  beautiful  purple. 

LYCASTE   LASIOGLOSSA,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  215  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6251 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix. 

p.  90. 

Introduced  from  Guatemala  in  1871,  this  most  interesting  member  of 
the  genus  has  flowers  somewhat  dull  in  colour,  differing  from  all  others  in 
its  shaggy  lip,  resembling  the  Paphinias,  which  suggested  the  specific 
name. 

LYCASTE   LINGUELLA,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  738 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6303. 

Introduced  from  Peru  about  the  year  1870 ;  a  green-flowered  species 
remarkable  for  the  structure  of  the  lip,  which  protrudes  from  the  centre  of 
the  flower  in  the  form  of  a  little  tongue. 

LYCASTE  LOCUSTA,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  524 ;  Orchid  Review,  1898,  p.  136 ;  Bot.  Mag. 

t.  8020. 

An  interesting  species  remarkable  for  its  dull  green  flowers  and  the 
white  fringe  which  extends  all  round  the  front  of  the  lip. 

Found  by  Walter  Davis  in  Peru,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea 
in  1879.  Subsequently  apparently  lost  sight  of,  it  has  during  recent  years 

136 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

been  re-introduced,  and  is  now  cultivated  in  Botanic  Gardens  on  account 
of  its  very  curious  flowers. 

LYCASTE    SKINNEEI,  Lindl.,   var.    SUPEEBA. 

Fl.  Mag.  1861,  pi.  24. 

A  superb  variety  sent  to  us  with  several  other  distinct  forms  by  Mr. 
G.  Ure-Skinner  from  Guatemala,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April 
1860. 

MASDEVALLIA  ATTENUATA,   Bchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  834 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6273. 

A  species  from  Costa  Eica  of  little  horticultural  value,  but  of  interest 
botanically  as  a  white-flowered  species,  a  rather  rare  occurrence  in  this 
genus.  The  sepals  are  elongated  into  long  yellow  tails. 

MASDEVALLIA  BAEL^IANA,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  170 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  25. 

Discovered  by  Walter  Davis  on  the  Andes  of  Peru,  near  Cuzco,  and 
introduced  in  1875. 

It  was  dedicated  to  Senhor  J.  B.  Barla,  at  that  time  Brazilian  Consul  at 
Nice,  well  known  for  his  orchidologic  works,  as  well  as  for  his  special 
knowledge  of  the  Floras  of  Liguria  and  Sardinia. 

MASDEVALLIA   COCCINEA,   Lindl.,  var.   HAEEYANA. 

Syns.  M.  Hwrryana,  Echb.  f.  ;  M.  Lindenii,  Andre,  var.  Harryana. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  34,  fig.  opposite ;  Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  1421 ; 
Fl.  Mag.  1871,  t.  555  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  (1873)  p.  169 ;  La  Belg.  Hort.1873,  t.  21 ;  Fl.  des 
Serres,  torn.  xxi.  t.  2250 ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1873,  p.  167,  t.  142 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5990. 

There  are  many  varieties  of  the  typical  and  very  fine  Masdevallia  coccinea 
to  which  the  one  under  notice  is  far  superior  from  a  horticultural  point  of 
view. 

It  was  discovered  by  Chesterton  in  1871  on  the  eastern  side  of  the 
Cordillera  near  Sogamosa,  where  it  has  a  vertical  range  of  from  7,000- 
10,000  ft. 

The  flowers  are  extremely  variable  in  colour,  almost  every  shade,  from 
deep  crimson-purple,  through  magenta-crimson,  crimson-scarlet,  orange, 
yellow  to  cream-white  being  represented ;  the  lighter  shades  of  yellow  are 
the  rarest. 

MASDEVALLIA  DAVISII,  Bchb.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  vol.  ii.  pp.  710,  711 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6190;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL 

pt.  v.  p.  38,  figs. 

This  species,  remarkable  for  its  size  and  the  colour  of  its  flowers,  was 
discovered  by  Walter  Davis  near  the  City  of  Cuzco  on  the  eastern  Cordil- 

137 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

lera  of  Peru,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  August  1874. 
It  is  found  in  the  crevices  of  rocks  on  the  slopes  of  the  mountains  at  an 
immense  elevation,  probably  not  less  than  10,500-12,000  ft.,  but  within 
a  restricted  area,  extending  a  few  miles  only  along  the  flanks  of  the 
mountains,  and  within  the  vertical  limits  above  mentioned. 

MASDEVALLIA  GAKGANTUA,   Echb.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  516 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  43. 

Introduced  in  1874  from  the  Frontino  district  in  New  Grenada  through 
Gustav  Wallis.  When  first  expanded  the  flower  emits  a  strong  fetid 
odour.  It  is  closely  allied  to  Masdevallia  elephanticeps,  and  by  some 
authorities  considered  only  a  form  of  that  species. 

MASDEVALLIA  IONOCHAEIS,   Echb.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  388 ;   Bot.  Mag.  t.  6262  ;   Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 

pt.  v.  p.  48. 

A  pretty  free-flowering  species  introduced  by  us  in  1874  from  Peru 
through  Walter  Davis,  who  discovered  it  in  the  Andean  valley  of  Sandia, 
in  the  province  of  Caravaya,  at  9,000-10,000  ft.  elevation.  The  flowers 
are  white  blotched  with  violet-purple,  the  "  tails  "  yellow,  spreading,  and 
slender. 

MASDEVALLIA   LATA,   Echb.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  653. 

A  two-flowered  species  with  dark  reddish-brown  sepals  and  yellowish 
tails,  introduced  from  Central  America  through  Zahn,  but  not  now  in 
cultivation  in  this  country.  The  name  lata  was  given  by  Professor 
Eeichenbach  on  account  of  the  broad  basis  of  the  sepals. 

MASDEVALLIA  MACEODACTYLA,  Echb.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  571. 

Imported  from  New  Grenada,  and  flowered  in  April  1872.  The  flowers 
are  small,  greenish-yellow  with  purple  markings,  and  there  are  two  brown 
nerves  on  the  petals.  The  tails  are  long  and  the  peduncles  warty. 

MASDEVALLIA  PEEISTEEIA,   Echb.f. 

Echb.   in  Gard.  Chron.    1874,  p.  500 ;    Bot.   Mag.  t.  6159 ;    Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.   xxii. 
t.  2346 ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  s.  3,  t.  327 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  57. 

One  of  the  handsomest  coriaceous  Masdevallias,  introduced  from  New 
Grenada  in  1873  through  Gustav  Wallis,  who  met  with  it  in  the  province 
of  Antioquia. 

It  derives  its  specific  name  Peristeria  from  the  resemblance  of  its 
column  and  petals  to  the  same  organs  in  the  Dove  Plant — Peristeria  elata. 

138 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

The     labellum    is    singularly    coloured,   and    covered    with    numerous 
amethystine  papillae. 

MASDEVALLIA   POLYSTICTA,   Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1874,  vol.  i.  p.  338,  290 ;  id.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  656,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  6368 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Oroh.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  58. 

This  species,  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  England  at  Chelsea  in  the 
spring  of  1875,  is  a  native  of  Peru,  and  is  said  by  Eeichenbach  to  have 
been  imported  thence  to  the  Botanic  Gardens  of  Zurich  by  Mr.  Ortiges. 

The  specific  name,  meaning  "much  spotted,"  refers  to  the  spotted 
perianth. 

MASDEVALLIA  BADIOSA,   Rchb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  684 ;    Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  59,  fig. 

opposite. 

Introduced  from  New  Grenada  in  1873-1874  through  Gustav  Wallis,  by 
whom  it  was  discovered  near  Prontino  at  an  elevation  of  8,000  ft.  The 
flower  is  remarkable,  tawny  yellow  in  colour,  densely  spotted  with 
blackish-purple,  while  the  tails,  2  to  3  in.  in  length,  are  dull  blackish- 
purple,  paler  towards  the  tips. 

MASDEVALLIA  EEICHENBACHIANA,  Endres. 

Syns.  N.  Normani,  Hort.  Norman. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.   1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  257;  id.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  230;  Lindenia,  vi. 
t.  250 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  60. 

Introduced  from  Costa  Rica  through  Endres  in  1873  and  named  at  his 
request  in  compliment  to  Professor  Beichenbach  of  Hamburg. 

The  nodding  flowers  are  purple-brown  above,  yellowish -white  beneath, 
and  the  three  yellow  tails  reflex. 

MASDEVALLIA   SIMULA,   Rchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  p.  8 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  63. 

Introduced  in  1874  from  New  Grenada  through  Chesterton. 

It  is  a  minute  csespitose  plant,  with  gem-like  flowers  not  more  than 
|  in.  in  diameter,  but  of  surprising  beauty  when  closely  examined  or  seen 
through  a  magnifying  glass. 

MASDEVALLIA   TBIABISTELLA,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  pp.  226,  559,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6268 ;  Veitchs' 

Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  66. 

Introduced  through  Endres,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  in  Costa  Bica 
in  1875. 

It  is  the  type  species  of  Beichenbach's  section  of  the  genus,  called 
TriaristellsB,  which  approach  in  their  structure  the  genus  Bestrepia. 

They  are  of  value  as  botanical  curiosities. 

139 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

MASDEVALLIA  VEITCHIANA,   Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Ckron.  1868,  p.  814;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5739;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  xvii. 
t.  1803 ;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  481  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1873,  p.  169,  fig.  1 ;  Veitchs'  Man. 
Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  67,  fig. 

Masdevallia  Veitchiana  was  discovered  in  the  lofty  Andes  of  Peru  by 
Pearce  in  1866,  and  successfully  introduced  by  him. 

A  few  years  later  it  was  re-discovered  in  the  same  locality  by  Walter 
Davis,  who  states  that  it  grows  in  the  crevices  and  hollows  of  the  rocks 
with  but  little  soil,  at  an  altitude  of  11,000-13,000  ft. 

It  is  a  variable  plant,  the  flowers  differing  in  size,  colour,  and  in 
the  manner  in  which  the  papillae  is  spread  over  the  inner  surface  of  the 
sepals.  A  large-flowered  form,  grandiflora,  may  be  distinguished  by 
having  the  upper  sepal  densely  and  uniformly  covered  with  purple  papillae, 
while  in  the  lateral  two  this  covering  is  confined  entirely  to  the  outer 
half,  the  inner  being  of  the  purest  orange-scarlet  and  destitute  of  papillae. 

MAXILLAEIA  CTENOSTACHYA,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  39. 

Imported  from  Costa  Eica,  but  not  now  in  cultivation.  The  tails  of  the 
yellow  flowers  are  so  long  as  to  resemble  the  Brassias. 

MILTONIA  ENDEESII,   Nicholson. 

Syns.  Odontoglossum  Warsceiviczii,  Rchb.  f. 

Nich.   Diet.   Gard.   vol.   ii.   p.   368 ;    Rchb.  in  Gard.   Chron.    1875,   p.   270 ;    Bob.  Mag. 
t.  6163 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  101. 

Originally  discovered  by  Warscewicz  in  1849,  in  restricted  numbers, 
growing  in  only  two  localities  on  leguminous  trees,  it  was  twenty-two 
years  later  re-discovered  by  M.  Linden's  collector,  Wallis,  who  tried 
unsuccessfully  to  introduce  it.  In  1873  it  was  found  by  Endres  in 
Central  America,  and  through  him,  after  several  attempts,  we  succeeded 
in  introducing  it.  The  first  flowers  were  produced  by  a  plant  at  Chelsea 
in  1875. 

MILTONIA  VEXILLAEIA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Odontoglossum  vexillarium,  Rchb. 

Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  ii.  p.  369 ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  901 ;  id.  1872,  p.  667  ; 
id.  1873,  pp.  580,  644,  fiss.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6037;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  73;  1'Illus.  Hort. 
xx.  t.  113 ;  Rev.  Hort.  1876,  p.  390 ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  xxx.  p.  257 ;  Fl.  des  Serres, 
xx.  t.  2058 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  110. 

This  well-known  orchid  was  probably  first  discovered  by  the  unfortunate 
Bowman,  when  collecting  in  New  Grenada. 

Subsequently  found  by  Wallis,  and  again  later  by  W.  Eoezl;  both 
sent  home  plants  which  arrived  dead  or  in  a  dying  condition.  With 
scanty  information  Henry  Chesterton  undertook,  at  our  request,  to 

140 


MASDEVALLIA     VEITCHIANA 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

endeavour  to  bring  a  consignment  home,  in  which  he  succeeded,  and  the 
first  flowers  opened  at  Chelsea  in  June  1873. 

There  are  several  natural  varieties,  and  many  in  cultivation,  that  differ 
from  the  species  in  colour  only. 

MOEMODES   FEACTIFLEXUM,  Echb.  f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  141. 

Imported  from  Costa  Eica. 

Professor  Eeichenbach  says  of  it  (loc.  cit.),  "  It  would  be  Mormodes 
Buccinator  if  only  it  had  a  strict  and  compact  raceme."  The  sepals  and 
petals  are  of  a  whitish-green  with  purplish  streaks  and  dots,  the  lip  white 
with  radiating  purple  streaks. 

MOEMODES   OC AISLE,   Rchb.  f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  pp.  582  and  178,  figs.  133, 134 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6496; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  137,  fig.  p.  138. 

Originally  discovered  by  Schlim  on  the  Eastern  Cordillera  of  Colombia, 
near  Ocana.  Professor  Eeichenbach  described  it  in  Walper's  "  Annales 
Botanices,"  from  his  specimens. 

Subsequently  gathered  by  Kalbreyer  in  the  same  region,  it  was  success- 
fully introduced,  flowering  for  the  first  time  in  October  1879. 

The  flowers  are  of  a  peculiar  shape,  orange-yellow  in  colour,  closely 
speckled  with  red-brown  spots. 

MOEMODES   SKINNEEI,  Echb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  50. 

An  interesting  species  obtained  from  Central  America  through  the 
late  Mr.  G.  Ure-Skinner,  to  whose  memory  it  is  dedicated. 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  honey-coloured  with  five  longitudinal  bars  or 
lines  of  a  dragon's  blood  colour.  The  lip  is  deep  yellow  with  red  spots 
and  white  hairs. 

MOEMODES   WENDLANDI,   Echb.  f. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  22. 

A  singular  orchid,  native  of  New  Grenada,  introduced  through 
Kalbreyer. 

The  flowers  are  delightfully  fragrant,  and  bright  yellow  in  colour.  The 
lip  is  peculiar  and  not  inaptly  described  as  resembling  a  cocked  hat ;  the 
column  has  the  characteristic  twist  of  all  species  of  Mormodes. 

NASONIA  PUNCTATA,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5718. 

A  curious  little  orchid  of  botanical  interest  only,  originally  discovered 

141 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

by  Hartweg  in  the  mountains  of  El  Sisme  in  Peru,  and  flowered  for  the 
first  time  at  Chelsea  in  April  1868. 

NOTYLIA   ALBIDA,   Klotzsch. 
Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  987;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6311. 

A  native  of  Central  America,  first  introduced  to  this  country  by 
Warscewicz,  who  sent  plants  to  the  gardens  of  the  Horticultural  Society. 

Ee-imported  by  us,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1872,  dense 
racemes,  producing  white  flowers  some  6  in.  or  more  in  length. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  BAPHICANTHUM,  Bchb.f. 

Syns.  0.  odoratum,  var.  baphicanthum,  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.   1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  260;  id.   1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  310;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  i.  p.  55. 

This  originally  appeared  in  one  of  our  importations  from  New  Grenada, 
and  is  probably  of  hybrid  origin,  and  possibly  a  natural  hybrid  between 
Odontoglossum  crispum  and  O.  gloriosum. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  BLANDUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1342 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  14,  fig.  opposite. 

Odontoglossum  blandum  was  first  discovered  by  Mr.  Blunt  in  1863-1865 
in  New  Grenada,  but  the  plants  perished  during  transmission  to  Europe, 
and  several  subsequent  consignments  met  with  a  similar  fate.  Its  first 
appearance  in  a  living  state  was  at  Stevens's  Eooms,  where  plants  were 
purchased  by  the  Koyal  Horticultural  Society,  which  flowered  at  Chiswick 
in  1871.  It  was  still  very  scarce  till  Kalbreyer  sent  us  a  moderate 
importation  of  plants  in  1879  ;  it  is  still  uncommon  in  collections. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  BBACHYPTEBUM,  Bchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  552;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  71. 

Believed  to  be  a  natural  hybrid  of  which  Odontoglossum  nobile  or 
O.  Pescatorei  is  one,  and  O.  luteo-purpureum  the  other  parent,  and  sent 
by  Kalbreyer  from  New  Grenada. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  COEONAEIUM,   LindL,  var.   DAYANUM. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  226. 

Introduced  from  Peru.  The  sepals  and  petals  are  yellow,  marbled  with 
brown,  and  are  distinct  from  the  type  not  only  in  colour  but  in  having 
three  conical  acute  warts  each  side  of  the  crest.  Flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  September  1875  with  Mr.  Day  of  Tottenham. 

142 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

ODONTOGLOSSUM   DELTOGLOSSUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Syns.  0.  odoratum,  var.  deltoglossum,   Hort.  Veitch. 
Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  202 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  56. 

This  supposed  natural  hybrid  between  Odontoglossom  crispum  and 
0.  gloriosum  appeared  in  an  importation  of  these  two  species. 

It  is  distinguished  from  0.  Andersonianum,  of  similar  origin,  by  a  more 
deltoid  lip,  and  the  floral  segments  are  sulphur-yellow  blotched  with 
brown. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  DENISON^l,  Hort.,  var.  CHESTEKTONII. 

Syns.  0.  crispum,  var.  Chestertonii,  Rchb.  f. 

Rolfe  in  Orchid  Review,  1899,  vol.   vii.  p.  361,   fig.  18;  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  p.  374; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  26. 

A  beautiful  Odontoglossum  introduced  through  Chesterton,  whose  name 
it  bears.  It  was  formerly  considered  a  variety  of  0.  crispum,  but  is  now 
thought  to  be  a  natural  hybrid  between  O.  luteopurpureum  and  O. 
crispum,  the  flowers  being  exactly  intermediate  in  shape  between  those 
of  the  two  species  named. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM   KEAMEEI,   Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.   1868,  p.  98,  fig.  ;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  406 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.   5778 ;  Fl.  dea 
Serres,  t.  2469 ;   1'Illus.  Hort.  t.  562. 

A  native  of  Costa  Eica,  where  it  was  discovered  by  Carl  Kramer,  and 
introduced  through  him  in  1868. 

A  rare  plant,  said  to  be  restricted  to  a  single  locality  on  the  mountain 
slopes  near  the  Pacific  Coast,  it  is  now  well  nigh  exterminated  owing  to 
the  destruction  of  the  forests  for  agricultural  purposes. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  LEEANUM,   Rchb.  f. 

Syns.  0.  odoratum,  var.  Leeanum,  Kent. 
Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  525. 

This  variety  appeared  in  an  importation  from  Columbia,  and  was  named 
in  compliment  to  Mr.  W.  Lee  of  Leatherhead,  a  leading  amateur  of  orchids 
in  his  day. 

It  is  supposed  to  be  a  natural  hybrid  between  Odontoglossum  gloriosum 
and  0.  crispum. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM   COEADINEI,   Rchb.  f. 

Syns.   0.  Lindleyanum,  var.  Coradinei,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  1068,  fig.  ;  Orchid  Album,  ii.  t.  90 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1896, 
vol.  xix.  p.  233  (Rolfe  on  Natural  Hybrids)  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  43. 

Introduced    in  an    importation   of  Odontoglossum    crispum   in    1872. 

143 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

Keichenbach,  in  naming  the  plant,  suggested  it  was  probably  a  natural 
hybrid  between  0.  triumphans  and  some  species  of  the  odoratum  group. 
It  is  now  recognized,  however,  that  0.  crispum  and  O.  Lindleyanum  are 
the  two  parents. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  (EBSTEDII,   Bchb.f. 

Kchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  302  ;  The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxvi.  t.  454  ;  Bot. 
Mag.  t.  6820 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  57,  fig. 

Professor  Eeichenbach  believed  that  Warscewicz  was  the  first  to  dis- 
cover this  plant,  as  a  sketch  in  his  possession  made  by  Warscewicz  seemed 
to  be  referable  to  this  species. 

It  was  afterwards  found  by  Dr.  CErsted,  and  later  by  Kramer  and 
Endres,  the  last-named  sending  plants  to  us  in  1872. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  PESCATOREI,   Lindl.,   var.  VEITCHIANUM. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.    1882,  vol.   xvii.  p.  588 ;  The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxvi.  t.  452  ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  59-60  (frontispiece). 

A  superb  variety  which  appeared  in  one  of  our  own  importations  of 
the  type. 

The  flowers,  which  opened  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  March 
1882,  are  larger  than  the  type  and  richly  blotched  with  magenta-purple. 

It  is  probable  the  whole  stock  of  the  plant  is  in  the  unrivalled  collection 
belonging  to  Baron  Sir  Henry  Schroder  at  The  Dell,  Egham. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM   PR^NITENS,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.   in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  524 ;  Bot.    Mag.  t.  6229 ;  Veitchs'   Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  i.  p.  62. 

A  rare  species  introduced  in  1874  through  Gustav  Wallis,  by  whom  it 
was  discovered  on  the  eastern  Cordillera  of  New  Grenada  in  the  province  of 
Pamplona. 

Only  a  few  plants  were  received  from  the  discoverer,  and  it  has  probably 
not  since  been  re-imported. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  EETUSUM,  Lindl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7569. 

A  rare  species  discovered  hy  Hartweg  in  1841  on  rocks  in  the 
mountains  of  Saraguru,  near  Loxa,  Ecuador,  and  first  flowered  at  Chelsea 
in  1882.  In  habit  and  inflorescence  it  resembles  Odontoglossum  Edwardii, 
but  the  flowers  are  orange-red  in  colour  with  a  green  line  at  the  base  of 
the  sepals  and  petals. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM   UROSKINNERI,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1859,  pp.  708,  724 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  i.  p.  69,  fig. 

Sent  to  Chelsea  from  Guatemala  by  Mr.  Ure- Skinner,  in  1854,  but  not 

144 


ODONTOGLOSSUM      URO-SKINNERI 

THE     ROYAL     GARDENS,     KEW 


ORCHID    SPECIES 

flowered  till  1859,  a  delay  due  to  the  defective  treatment  cool  orchids  then 
received. 

The  fairly  large  flowers,  chestnut-brown  mottled  with  green  with  a  white 
lip,  are  produced  usually  during  the  months  of  July  and  August  when  but 
few  species  of  the  genus  are  in  bloom. 

ONCIDIUM  ANTHOCEENE,   Bchb.f. 

Orchid  Album,  ix.  t.  392  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  9. 

Originally  discovered  by  Gustav  Wallis  while  collecting  in  New 
Grenada  in  1872-1873,  and  subsequently  by  Chesterton  through  whom  it 
was  introduced. 

The  specific  name,  a  "  fountain  of  flowers,"  is  a  fanciful  one. 

ONCIDIUM   BEYOLOPHOTUM,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  738. 

Introduced  from  Central  America.  A  dimorphous  species  bearing  large 
panicles  of  greenish  flowers  among  which  appear  bright  yellow  ones  with 
purplish  streaks,  the  whole  inflorescence  compared  by  the  author  of  the 
name  to  a  German  Christmas  Tree.  It  does  not  appear  to  be  in  cultivation 
at  the  present  time. 

ONCIDIUM  CHEYSODIPTEEUM,   Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  23,  fig. 

A  species  acquired  by  us  at  an  auction  sale  and  flowered  for  the  first 
timein  the  spring  of  1891.  The  specific  name,  literally  "  golden  wings," 
refers  to  the  exceptionally  bright  and  attractive  yellow  petals,  contrasting 
strongly  with  the  chestnut-brown  of  the  remainder  of  the  flower. 

ONCIDIUM  CUETUM,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Bot.  Beg.  1847,  t.  68  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.   pi.  viii.  p.  33. 
Introduced  from  the  Organ  Mountains,  Brazil,  through  William  Lobb  in 
1841-1842.     The  flowers  are  variable  in  colour  and  sometimes  resemble 
those  of  Oncidium  praetextum,  but  O.  curtum  may  be  easily  distinguished 
by  the  very  different  crest  on  the  lip. 

ONCIDIUM    EUXANTHINUM,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1158 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6322. 

Imported  from  Brazil  in   1869  ;  the  plate  in  the  Botanical   Magazine 
was  prepared  from  a  plant  which  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  1871. 
It  has  now  become  very  scarce,  if  not  quite  lost  to  cultivation. 

ONCIDIUM   GLOSSOMYSTAX,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.p.  489. 

A  species  of  little  interest  horticulturally,  introduced  from  New  Grenada 
through  Kalbreyer. 

145 


HORTUS    VEITCH1I 

The  flowers  although  small  are  interesting  to  the  botanist,  light  yellow 
in  colour  with  a  few  brown  blotches,  with  the  distinguishing  feature  of  two 
pairs  of  keels  on  the  disk  of  the  lip,  each  keel  being  covered  with  very 
many  white  hairs. 

ONCIDIUM  METALLICUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  394. 

Introduced  from  New  Grenada,  where  it  was  discovered  by  Wallis. 

The  flowers  are  of  a  rich  chestnut-brown  colour  with  a  distinct  metallic 
hue,  the  borders  of  the  superior  sepal  and  smaller  petals  being  blotched 
with  rich  yellow. 

ONCIDIUM  PEJETEXTUM,   Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in    Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  1206 ;  id.   1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  720  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6662  ; 
Rolfe  in  Orchid  Eeview,  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  293. 

This  Brazilian  Oncidium  was  first  known  in  1873  from  specimens 
collected  in  the  province  of  San  Paulo  by  Mr.  B.  D.  Jones,  by  whom  they 
were  sent  to  Mr.  John  H.  Wilson  of  Liverpool. 

Four  years  later  we  introduced  plants  from  Eio  de  Janeiro,  and 
exhibited  them  in  flower  before  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society  in  August 
1878,  when  a  First  Class  Certificate  was  awarded. 

ONCIDIUM   SUPEEBIENS,  Bchb.f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5980;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pfc.  viii.  p.  81,  fig. 

A  native  of  the  forests  of  Venezuela  and  New  Grenada,  where  it  was 
discovered  at  about  the  same  time  by  Fiinck  and  Slim,  in  1847,  and  by 
Purdie  in  the  province  of  Ocafia.  It  was  introduced  to  this  country  in 
1871,  and  first  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  the  spring  of  1872. 

ONCIDIUM  TECTUM,  Bchb.  /. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  780;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  82. 

Introduced  from  New  Grenada,  through  Gustav  Wallis  in  1874,  this 
Oncidium  is  of  little  horticultural  value,  and  seldom  seen  outside  a 
Botanic  garden. 

The  peculiar  zigzag  branching  of  the  inflorescence,  common  to  the 
Oncidia,  is  very  strongly  pronounced  in  this  species. 

ONCIDIUM  WAESCEWICZII,  Bchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  560,  1874,  p.  48;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  91. 

Originally  discovered  by  Warscewicz  on  Chiriqui,  in  Veragua,  in  1852, 
but  lost  sight  of  until  re-introduced  from  Costa  Eica  in  1870. 

It  is  one  of  the  most  distinct  of  the  many  species  of  Oncidium,  and 

146 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

although  somewhat  resembling  O.   bracteatum   is  very  different   in  the 
colour  of  its  flowers. 

PACHYSTOMA  THOMSONIANUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Syns.  Ancistrochilus  Thomsonianus,  Rolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  pp.  582  and  625,  fig.;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6471;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  4,  fig. ;  The  Garden,  1888,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  175,  fig. ;  Rolfe 
in  Orchid  Review,  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  297,  fig.  43. 

Introduced  through  Kalbreyer,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  on  the 
mountains  of  Old  Calabar,  West  Tropical  Africa,  and  dedicated  at  his 
request  to  the  Eev.  George  Thomson,  for  many  years  a  missionary  in  that 
part  of  the  world. 

It  is  remarkable  for  its  beauty  and  that  the  nearest  allies  are  Asiatic, 
connecting  the  floras  of  those  widely  sundered  regions. 

PHAIUS  BLUMEI,   LindL,   var.   BERNAYSII. 
Syns.  P.  grandifolius,  var.  Blumei,  sub-var.  Bernaysii,  Veitch ;  P.  Bernaysii,  Row.  MSS. 

Rchb.  f.  in   Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  77;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6032;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.   PI. 

pt.  vi.  p.  11. 

Flowered  in  March  1873,  and  described  by  Professor  Eeichenbach 
(loc.  cit.)  from  material  supplied  by  us,  and  by  Dr.  Hooker  in  the 
Botanical  Magazine. 

It  is  possibly  a  form  of  the  variety  Blumei,  differing  only  in  the  colour 
of  the  flowers,  which  are  primrose -yellow,  and  of  little  value  horti- 
culturally  on  account  of  the  blooms  being  often  self-fertilized  before  they 
expand. 

PHAIUS   CALLOSUS,  LindL 

Syiis.  Limodorum  callosum,  Blume. 
Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  287,  with  fig.  ;  Rchb.  Xen.  Orch.  t.  122. 

A  native  of  Java,  first  flowered  in  March  1848,  the  specific  name, 
"thick-lipped,"  being  derived  from  the  prominent  callus  which  passes  from 
the  lip  down  the  tube.  The  flowers  are  reddish-brown  in  colour,  tipped 
with  dingy-white. 

PHAIUS    PHILIPPINENSIS,  N.  E.  Br. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  239 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  13. 

Discovered  by  David  Burke  on  the  slopes  of  the  hills  at  3,000-4,000  ft. 
elevation,  in  the  Island  of  Mindanao,  and  interesting  as  being  the  first 
species  of  the  genus  Phaius  to  be  discovered  in  the  Philippines. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea  in  1889.  As  a  species  it  is 
remarkably  distinct,  especially  in  the  structure  of  its  lip,  which  is  truncate 
and  slightly  frilled. 

147 


HORTUS    VE1TCHII 

PHAL^NOPSIS   AMABILIS,  Blume. 

Syiis.  P.  grandiflora,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  39,  with  woodcut;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5184;  Veitchs'  Man. 
Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  23,  figs.  ;  Kolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  168. 

Introduced  into  British  gardens  by  Thomas  Lobb,  who  sent  plants  from 
Java  to  Exeter  in  1846,  which  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country 
in  September  of  the  following  year.  All  collectors  in  that  region  since 
Lobb  mention  Phalaenopsis  amabilis,  and  agree  in  reporting  it  as  growing 
near  the  sea-shore,  sometimes  high  up  on  the  trees  and  sometimes  lower 
down.  Burbidge  found  it  in  Labuan  and  North  Borneo,  Curtis  detected  it 
in  North  Celebes,  and  Burke  met  with  a  small-flowered  variety  in  South- 
West  New  Guinea. 

The  species  was  known  as  early  as  1750,  in  which,  year  Kumphius 
figured  it  in  his  Herbarium  Amboinense. 

PHAL^ENOPSIS    COENINGIANA,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  620. 

Described  by  Professor  Eeichenbach  from  materials  supplied  by  us, 
and  dedicated  to  Mr.  Erastus  Corning,  the  pioneer  of  orchid-growing  in 
America,  whose  collection  at  Albany,  New  York,  was  so  famous  in 
its  day. 

PHAL^ENOPSIS    INTEEMEDIA,  Lindl. 

Syns.  P.  Lobbii,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1852,  p.  230  (notice  of  exhibit)  ;  Lindl.  in  Paxt.  PL  Gdn.  1853,  vol.  iii. 
p.  163,  fig.  310;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vii.  p.  44,  fig.;  Gard.  Chron. 
1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  169 ;  id.  1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  106. 

Introduced  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1852  among  an  importation  of  Pha- 
lasnopsis  Aphrodite. 

Later  a  French  traveller,  named  M.  Porte,  brought  two  more  plants 
from  the  Philippine  Islands,  after  which  thirteen  years  elapsed  before  a 
further  addition  was  made  by  Messrs.  Low  &  Co. 

Lindley  was  the  first  to  surmise  the  existence  of  natural  hybrids  on 
seeing  a  flower  of  Phalaenopsis  intermedia,  which  combined  the  characters 
of  P.  Aphrodite  and  those  of  P.  rosea. 

In  1886  Seden  flowered  a  hybrid  at  Chelsea,  which  had  as  parents 
P.  Aphrodite  and  P.  rosea,  which  proved  to  be  identical  with  the  P.  inter- 
media of  Lindley,  and  confirmed  the  supposition. 

PHAL^NOPSIS    MACULATA,  Echb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  134 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  vii.  p.  31. 

Introduced  from  Sarawak  in  Borneo  in  1880,  through  Curtis,  by 
whom  it  was  discovered  growing  on  the  limestone  hills  at  an  altitude  of 

148 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

1,000-1,500  ft.,  on  damp  almost  bare  rocks,  under  the  shade  of  trees.  It 
is  one  of  the  smallest  of  the  genus,  the  flowers  being  only  some  |  to  f  in. 
in  diameter. 

PHAL^INOPSIS    MABLEJ,  Burbidge. 

Burbidge  in   Orchid   Album,   ii.    t.    80,    et   sub  t.  87 ;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  6964 ;    Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  32  ;  Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  277. 

Discovered  by  Burbidge  when  in  the  Sulu  Archipelago  in  1878,  and 
dedicated  by  him  to  his  wife.  It  was  subsequently  detected  by  David 
Burke  on  the  hills  near  the  south-east  coast  of  the  island  of  Mindanao, 
plentiful  on  the  trunks  and  branches  of  trees  in  dense  shade.  It  is  a  hand- 
some species,  allied  to  Phaleenopsis  Lueddemanniana  and  P.  sumatrana. 

PHAL^INOPSIS    EOSEA,  Lindl 

Lindl.  in   Gard.   Chron.    1848,  p.   671,  fig.  ;  Paxt.   PI.   Gdn.    1852,  t.   72 ;  Bot.   Mag. 
t.  5212  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  xvi.  t.  1645  ;  Veitchs1  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  34. 

Introduced  from  Manila  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1848,  it  is  one  of  the 
commonest  of  the  Philippine  Islands'  Phalaenopses,  and  is  found  in 
abundance  in  the  hot  valleys  and  along  the  streams  in  the  neighbourhood 
of  Manila. 

Under  cultivation  it  has  helped  in  the  production  of  many  fine  hybrids, 
of  which  Phalaenopsis  X  Artemis  (P.  amabilis  x  P.  rosea)  ;  P.  X  Cassandra 
(P.  Stuartiana  x  P.  rosea) ;  P.  x  Hebe  (P.  Sanderiana  x  P.  rosea) ; 
P.  x  Vesta  (P.  rosea  leucaspis  x  P.  Aphrodite),  are  the  most  noteworthy. 

PHAL^NOPSIS    SUMATEANA,  Echb.  /.,  var.  PAUCIVITTATA. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  628 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  40. 

PHAL^NOPSIS    SUMATEANA,  Bchb.  /.,  var.  SANGUINEA. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  782  j  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  40. 

Both  these  varieties  occurred  in  an  importation  of  the  species  sent  by 
Curtis  from  Borneo. 

The  former  variety  has  fewer  and  paler  markings  on  the  sepals  and 
petals,  whilst  in  the  variety  sanguinea  they  are  suffused  with  red-brown. 

PHALJENOPSIS  x  VEITCHIANA,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  935;  id.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  270;  PI.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  213; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  47. 

A  supposed  natural  hybrid,  one  of  the  rarest  and  most  distinct,  between 
Phalaenopsis  Schilleriana  and  P.  rosea,  which  appeared  as  a  solitary 
specimen  amongst  our  importation  prior  to  1872. 

PHAL^NOPSIS    VIOLACEA,  Teijsm. 

Rchb.   in   Gard.   Chron.    1878,  vol.  x.  p.   234;  id.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  145,  fig.  j  PI.  Mag. 
1879,  n.s.  t.  342  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  41,  figs. 

Originally  discovered   by  Teijsman   near   Pelambang,  in    Sumatra,  in 

149  L 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

1859,  and  by  him  sent  to  the  Botanic  Garden  at  Leyden,  where  it  first 
flowered  in  Europe  in  1861. 

Nothing  more  was  heard  of  the  plant  until  Mr.  Murton,  of  the  Botanic 
Garden  of  Singapore,  sent  plants  to  Mr.  M.  H.  Williams,  of  Tredrea,  in 
Cornwall,  and  to  Chelsea,  in  both  of  which  establishments  it  flowered 
in  1878. 

It  remained  rare  in  European  collections  until  1880,  when  Curtis  sent  a 
consignment  from  Sumatra,  where  it  was  discovered  growing  under  the 
same  conditions  as  Phalasnopsis  sumatrana. 

PLEUEOTHALLIS    INSIGNIS,  Rolfe. 

Syns.  P.  glossopogon,  Nicholson,  non  Rchb.  f. 
Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  477 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6936. 

A  curious  orchid  of  botanical  interest  only,  the  native  country  of  which 
is  not  recorded,  but  is  in  all  probability  Venezuela. 

In  growth  something  like  a  Masdevallia,  the  flowers  are  remarkable  for 
their  acuminate  sepals  and  long  bristle-like  petals. 

POLYCYNIS   GEATIOSA,  Endr.   &  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  1451. 

Discovered  in  Costa  Eica  by  Endres  ;  closely  allied  to  Polycynis  lepida, 
but  differing  from  that  species  in  slight  structural  details  of  the  lip. 

EENANTHEEA  MATUTINA,   Lindl. 

Syns.  Aerides  matutinum,  Blume. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  85 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  misc. 

First  discovered  by  Blume  in  1824,  growing  on  trees  at  the  foot  of 
Mount  Salak,  Java,  from  which  locality  it  was  introduced  twenty  years 
later  through  Thomas  Lobb.  For  a  long  time  subsequent  to  its  introduc- 
tion it  remained  very  rare,  but  subsequent  importations  caused  it  to  be 
more  generally  distributed.  The  flowers  are  some  2  in.  in  diameter, 
bright  reddish- crimson  toned  with  yellow,  changing  with  age  to  orange- 
yellow. 

EESTEEPIA   ELEGANS,   Karst. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5966. 

A  lovely  little  orchid,  first  cultivated  in  Europe  by  Messrs.  Linden  of 
Brussels,  and  first  flowered  in  this  country  by  us  in  February  1872. 

It  is  a  native  of  Caraccas,  where  it  inhabits  mossy  tree  trunks  at  eleva- 
tions of  5,000-6,000  ft.  The  flowers  are  too  small  to  be  of  any  horticultural 
value,  but  are  of  great  interest  to  the  botanist. 

150 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

EODBIGUEZIA   LEOCHILINA,  Rchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  970. 

Introduced  from  Costa  Eica  and  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  July  1871.  It 
is  closely  allied  to  Kodriguezia  maculata,  from  which  species  it  differs 
in  its  even  white  lip. 

SACCOLABIUM  BIGIBBUM,   Rchb.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5767 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  113. 

Discovered  by  Colonel  Benson  in  Upper  Burmah  and  sent  to  us  in 
1868. 

It  is  still  occasionally  imported  amongst  Burmese  orchids. 

The  plant  is  of  dwarf  habit,  the  flowers  small,  of  a  yellow  colour,  with  a 
triangular  whitish  fringed  lip. 

SACCOLABIUM  GIGANTEUM,   Lindl 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5635 ;    Gard.   Chron.   1862,  p.   1194;    PI.  des  Serres,  torn.   xvii.  t.   1765; 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  25 ;  id.  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  114,  fig. 

First  discovered  in  the  early  part  of  the  last  century  by  one  of  Dr. 
Wallich's  collectors  near  Prome  in  Lower  Burmah.  In  1859  it  was  next 
heard  of,  having  been  sent  to  Dr.  Sumner,  Bishop  of  Winchester,  in  whose 
garden  at  Farnham  Castle  it  flowered  in  the  autumn  of  1862. 

Plants  continued  to  be  extremely  rare  until  re-introduced  through 
Colonel  Benson  in  1866  from  Prome  and  Thayetmayo. 

SACCOLABIUM   HUTTONI,    Hook. 

Syns.  Aerides  Huttoni,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.   23;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  5681 ;  Veitchs'   Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii. 

p.  70. 

Introduced  through  Henry  Hutton  in  1866,  and  received  only  shortly 
after  his  early  death  in  the  Eastern  Archipelago. 

The  exact  locality  whence  Hutton  introduced  his  plants  is  not  known, 
and  the  plant  remained  scarce  until  again  found  by  Curtis  in  1882  in 
North  Celebes,  growing  on  mangrove  trees  near  the  sea-shore. 

SACCOLABIUM   MINIATUM,    Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Bot.  Reg.  1847,  sub  t.  26;  id.  t.  58;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5326;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 
PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  117 ;  Orchid  Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  178. 

Introduced  from  Java  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1846,  but  now  rarely  seen  in 
orchid  collections  in  this  country.  The  racemes  of  small  but  richly 
coloured  flowers  are  produced  in  May  and  continue  a  long  time  in  perfec- 
tion. According  to  The  Orchid  Eeview,  above  quoted,  there  is  probably  an 
error  in  recording  Java  as  its  home,  as  it  has  not  since  been  collected  in 

151 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

that  country  and  does  not  appear  in  the  earlier  herbaria.  It  has  since 
been  met  with  by  Dr.  Watt  on  the  Naga  Hills  east  of  Khasia,  and  as 
Lobb  visited  that  locality,  there  is  a  probability  that  the  plants  were 
collected  there  in  the  first  instance. 

SAECANTHUS    CHEYSOMELAS,  Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  662. 

Introduced  from  Moulmein  through  Colonel  Benson,  by  whom  it  was 
discovered.  This  species  has  handsome  foliage  and  gold  and  purple 
flowers. 

SAECANTHUS    FLEXUS,    Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  492. 

A  botanical  curiosity  imported  from  Borneo  :  the  flowers  are  yellowish- 
brown  tipped  with  reddish-brown,  and  slightly  larger  than  those  of 
Sarcanthus  paniculatus,  Lindl. 

SAECOCHILUS   LUNIFEEUS,  Benth. 

Syiis.  Thrixspermum  luniferum,  Kchb.  f. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7044 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  786. 

A  curious  plant  of  great  botanical  interest  introduced  in  1868  through 
the  Eev.  Mr.  Parish,  from  near  Moulmein  in  Tenasserim,  British  Burmah. 

It  is  remarkable  in  that  the  leaves  are  seldom  developed,  and  when 
produced  rarely  last  any  length  of  time. 

The  flowers  are  small,  yellow  spotted  with  red,  with  a  white  lip,  which 
latter  from  its  shape  as  seen  in  a  front  view  suggested  the  specific 
name. 

SCAPHOSEPALUM    BEEVE,  Bolfc. 

Syns.  Masdevallia  brews,  Rchb.  f. 
Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  588. 

Imported  from  Demerara.  The  flowers  are  small,  the  upper  sepals 
brownish  with  the  expanded  portions  orange-yellow  and  purple  :  the  lower 
sepal  yellow  spotted  with  purple  and  the  tail  dark  purple.  It  is  of  great 
botanical  interest. 

SCAPHOSEPALUM   GIBBEEOSUM,  Bolfe. 

Syns.  Masdevallia  gibberosa,  Rchb.  f . 
Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  8;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6990. 

A  singular  species,  a  native  of  New  Grenada,  whence  it  was  introduced 
through  Gustav  Wallis,  having  highly  curious  and  botanically  interesting 
flowers,  of  little  value  horticulturally  on  account  of  their  small  size. 

152 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

SPATHOGLOTTIS  AUEEA,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Jour.  Hort.  Soc.  London,  1850,  p.  34;  Rchb.  in    Gard.  Chron.   1888,   vol.   iv. 
p.  92,  with  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  7,  fig.  reproduced. 

Originally  introduced  in  1849  from  Mount  Ophir  in  Malacca  through 
Thomas  Lobb,  who  discovered  it  growing  near  Nepenthes  sanguinea  and 
Ehododendron  jasminiflorum. 

Only  a  few  plants  arrived,  and  these  gradually  died  out  after  once 
flowering. 

Nothing  more  was  heard  of  it  in  a  living  state  until  1886,  when  it 
appeared  in  an  importation  of  orchids  offered  for  sale  at  Stevens's  rooms. 

SPATHOGLOTTIS   PETEI,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  392 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6354 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 

pt.  vi.  p.  8. 

Discovered  in  the  Fiji  Islands  in  1876  by  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch,  after 
whom  it  is  named ;  sent  by  him  to  Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  the  following  year. 

The  species  is  remarkable  for  its  deciduous  "bracts,  organs,  in  all  other 
members  of  the  genus  persistent,  remaining  even  long  after  the  ripening 
of  the  fruit. 

STANHOPEA   GIBBOSA,  Rchb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  1254. 

A  species  from  South  America  closely  allied  to  Stanhopea  Wardii.  The 
flowers,  often  6  in.  in  diameter,  are  yellow,  barred  and  spotted  with 
crimson,  darkest  on  the  petals. 

STANHOPEA   XYTEIOPHOKA,  Rchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  842. 

A  pitcher-bearing  species  with  yellow  flowers  introduced  from  Peru, 
distinct  from  other  known  species,  approaching  rather  the  Coryanthes.  It 
does  not  appear  to  be  in  cultivation. 

STAUEOPSIS    GIGANTEA,  Benth. 
Syns.  Vanda  gigantea,  Lindl. 

Benth.  in  Jour.   Linn.   Soc.  vol.  xviii.  p.  331;    Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  2; 
Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1858,  p.  312;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5189. 

First  discovered  by  Wallich  in  Moulmein  in  1826,  and  later  in  the  same 
locality  by  Thomas  Lobb,  through  whom  it  was  introduced. 

The  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  the  then  famous 
collection  of  the  late  Mr.  Eobert  Warner  at  Broomfield,  in  April  1858. 

The  specific  name  must  be  assumed  to  refer  to  the  large  size  of  the 
flowers  and  leaves  rather  than  to  the  habit  of  the  plant,  which  under 
cultivation  does  not  exceed  moderate  dimensions. 

153 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

STELIS   BEUCKMULLEEI,  Echb.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6521. 

A  quaint  little  orchid  of  botanical  interest,  introduced  from  the  Mexican 
Andes,  with  minute  flowers  of  a  purple  colour,  hairy  inside. 

STELIS   GLOSSULA,  Echb.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1373. 

A  curious  little  orchid  of  botanical  interest  only,  imported  from  Costa 
Eica,  with  brownish  flowers  in  two  transverse  rows,  and  bracts  larger  than 
the  whole  of  the  flower. 

STELIS   ZONATA,   Bchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  556. 

A  botanical  curiosity  introduced  from  Demerara,  allied  to  Stelis  muscifera 
of  Lindley,  but  smaller  in  all  its  parts,  and  interesting  from  its  coloured 
zone. 

STENIA  GUTTATA,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  134. 

A  species  closely  allied  to  the  rare  Stenia  pallida,  but  the  sepals  and 
petals  are  blunt  and  shorter,  and  spotted  with  Indian-purple  on  a  straw- 
coloured  ground. 

It  was  found  in  Peru  by  Walter  Davis,  and  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  Ju 
1880. 

THUNIA  BENSONLE,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Phaius  Bensoniee,  Hemsley. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5694 ;  Orchid  Album,  ii.  t.  97. 

Discovered  by  Colonel  Benson  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Eangoon  in 
1866,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  the  Eoyal  Gardens, 
Kew,  and  Chelsea  in  July  1867. 

The  flowers  are  amethyst  purple  in  colour,  the  lip  frilled  at  the  edges 
and  marked  in  the  centre  with  numerous  longitudinal  frilled  keels. 

TEICHOCENTEUM  PINELI,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  772. 

Discovered  near  Eio  by  Chevalier  Pinel,  who  collected  specimens,  and 
after  whom  it  was  named.  It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country 
at  Chelsea  in  1854. 

TEICHOCENTEUM  PUEPUEEUM,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  772. 

A  plant  of  botanical  interest  only,  described  and  named  by  Dr.  Lindley 
from  a  plant  which  flowered  in  1854,  and  which  we  believe  came  from 
Demerara. 

154 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

TEICHOGLOTTIS   COCHLBAEIS,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  142  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1886,   vol.  xii.  p.  194, 
fig.  34  ;  id.  1893,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  233,  fig.  47. 

A  rare  species,  introduced  in  1882  through  Curtis,  who  met  with  it  in 
the  Island  of  Sumatra. 

The  flowers  are  white  with  purple  bars  inside  and  outside  the  sepals 
and  petals  ;  the  lip  is  spoon-shaped,  very  thick  with  a  few  purple  blotches. 

TEICHOPILIA  GEATA,   Bchb.f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  1338. 

Introduced  from  Peru  in  1868.  The  flowers  are  sweetly  scented  as  are 
those  of  Trichopilia  fragrans  to  which  species  grata  is  allied ;  they  are 
yellowish-green  with  a  white  expanded  lip,  the  free  end  being  orange  colour. 

TEICHOPILIA   MAEGINATA,   H&nf.,  var.  LEPIDA. 
Syns.  T.  coccinea,  Warsc.,  var.  lepida;  T.  lepida,  Veitch. 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  183 ;  PI.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  98. 

This  variety  appeared  amongst  an  importation  of  the  species  from  Costa 
Eica  in  1873.  It  is  a  very  rare  form  with  flowers  larger  than  those  of  the 
type,  and  the  margin  of  the  lip  more  crisped. 

VANDA  BENSONI,  Bat&m. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5611 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  180,  fig.  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  xxii.  t.  2392  ; 
Veitcha'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  89. 

This  Vanda  was  sent  to  us  by  Colonel  Benson,  who  discovered  it  in 
Lower  Burmah  in  1866. 

It  flowered  shortly  after  its  arrival  at  Chelsea  in  the  summer  of  the 
same  year,  and  proved  closely  allied  to  Vanda  Eoxburghii  and  V.  concolor, 
but  the  absence  of  all  tessellation  and  the  spotting  and  yellow  colour  of  the 
inside  of  the  flowers  are  distinguishing  features. 


VANDA  C^EEULEA,   Griff. 

Lindl.  in.   Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  t.   36 ;  PI.   des  Serres,  1853,  vol.  vi.  t.  609 ;  1'Illus. 
Hort.  1860,  t.  246  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  90,  fig.  ;  Orchid  Album,  vi.  t.  282. 

First  discovered  by  William  Griffith,  the  Indian  botanist  and  explorer,  in 
November  1837  on  the  Khasia  Hills,  in  which  locality  it  was  later  re- 
discovered by  Sir  J.  D.  Hooker  and  Dr.  Thomson,  but  was  not  introduced 
to  cultivation. 

Thomas  Lobb  sent  home  plants  from  the  Khasia  Hills  to  Exeter,  where 
one  of  them  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  December  1850,  and  was 

155 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

exhibited  at  a  meeting  of  the  Horticultural  Society  of  London,   held  in 
Eegent  Street,  and  received  with  marked  favour. 

The  large  flowers  of  soft  light  blue,  tessellated  with  azure  blue,  are  of 
great  beauty. 

VANDA  CCEEULESCENS,   Griff. 

Gard.  Chron.   1870,  p.  529,  fig.  97  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5834;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  259;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  92. 

Discovered  near  Bhamo  in  Burmah  in  1837  by  Griffiths,  who  collected 
specimens  of  the  plant,  but  nothing  more  was  heard  of  it  until  Colonel 
Benson  re-discovered  it  in  1867,  and  sent  plants  the  following  year  to 
Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  February  1869. 

Although  by  no  means  comparable  either  in  size  or  colour  with  the 
beautiful  Vanda  caerulea,  it  is  a  very  elegant  plant,  and  the  pale  lilac-blue 
flowers  cause  it  to  be  well  worthy  of  cultivation. 

VANDA  DENISONIANA,  Benson  &  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1869,   p.  528 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5811 ;  1'Illus.   Hort.  1872,   t.  105  ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  94,  fig. 

Discovered  by  Colonel  Benson  on  the  Arracan  Mountains  and  sent  to 
Chelsea  in  1868,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in 
April  1869. 

It  is  named  in  honour  of  Lady  Londesborough  in  appreciation  of  Lord 
Londesborough's  great  love  of  orchids. 

The  flowers  are  ivory-white  in  colour  with  five  longitudinal  greenish - 
white  lines  on  the  lip. 

VANDA  HOOKEBIANA,  Bchb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.   488 ;  The  Garden,  1883,  vol.  xxiii.  t.  370 ; 
1'Illus.  Hort.  1883,  t.  484 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  96,  fig.  opposite. 

This  lovely  Vanda  was  seen  by  several  travellers,  including  Thomas 
Lobb,  and  was  known  in  herbaria  for  some  time  previous  to  its  introduc- 
tion. In  1879  a  correspondent  in  Labuan  sent  us  living  plants  which 
were  immediately  acquired  by  Lord  Eothschild. 

One  of  these  plants  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Tring  Park  in 
September  1882,  and  Since  that  time  the  flowering  of  Vanda  Hookeriana 
has  been  of  frequent  occurrence  in  that  great  garden. 

VANDA  INSIGNIS,   Blume. 

Lindl.   in  Paxt.   Fl.  Gdn.  vol.   ii.   p.    19,  fig. ;  Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.    1868,   p.   1259 ; 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5759 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  97. 

Introduced  to  Chelsea  from  the  Moluccas  by  Hutton  in  1866,  and 
flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1868. 

It  continued  very  rare  in  British  collections  until  1882,  when  it  was 
re-imported  through  Curtis,  at  that  time  collecting  in  the  Malay  Archi- 

156 


ORCHID   SPECIES 

pelago.     The  flowers  are  tawny -yellow  in  colour  with  dark  brown  oblong 
spots,  and  the  lip  is  bright  rose-purple. 

VANDA  INSIGNIS,  Blume,  var.  SCHEODEEIANA,  Rchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  392 ;  The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxv.  t.  429. 

This  variety,  which  is  remarkable  for  the  colour  deviation  from  the 
type,  was  introduced  in  Curtis's  consignment. 

VANDA   SUAVIS,   Lindl 

Syns.  V.  tricolor,  var.  suavis,  Veitch. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  351,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5174 ;  Paxt.  PI.  Gdn.  t.  42,  fig.  3 ; 
PI.  des  Serres,  1862,  tt.  1604-1605 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  107,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Java  through  Thomas  Lobb,  and  for  many  years  one  of 
the  rarest  Vandas  in  cultivation ;  it  was  first  exhibited  in  flower  on  April 
4th  1848. 

Always  associated  with  Vanda  tricolor  in  its  native  home,  it  was 
imported  mixed  with  the  latter,  although  in  small  quantities. 

The  flowers  are  fragrant,  produced  in  racemes  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves  ; 
they  are  white  in  colour  spotted  with  red-purple,  and  the  basal  half  of  the 
lip  is  deep  purple. 

VANDA  TEICOLOK,  Lindl. 

Bot.  Eeg.   1847,   sub  t.  59 ;  Bot.   Mag.  t.  4432,  PI.  des  Serres,   1850,   torn.  vi.   t.   641 ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  106. 

Vanda  tricolor  was  introduced  from  Java  in  1846  through  Thomas  Lobb, 
who  discovered  it  in  the  western  part  of  the  island,  at  1,500-2,500  ft. 
elevation,  growing  chiefly  on  large  trees. 

Eesembling  V.  suavis  in  foliage,  habit  and  inflorescence,  it  may  be 
distinguished  by  the  ground  colour  of  its  pale  yellow  flowers,  which  is 
white  in  V.  suavis. 

ZYGOPETALUM  BUEKEI,   Rchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in   Gard.  Chron.   1883,  vol.    xx.    p.    684;   Orchid  Album,    t.    142;    Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  44. 

Introduced  in  1881  through  David  Burke,  by  whom  it  was  discovered 
on  Eoraima  in  British  Guiana. 

It  inhabits  rocks  in  the  swamp,  in  which  Cypripedium  Lindley- 
anum  and  Heliamphora  nutans  have  their  home,  at  elevations  of  about 
6,000  ft. 

The  colouring  of  the  parts  of  the  flower  is  very  striking ; — the  sepals 
and  petals  are  green  with  seven  to  nine  longitudinal  chocolate-brown 
stripes,  which  sometimes  become  broken  up  into  dots  ;  the  lip  is  milk 
white,  irregularly  dentate  along  the  margin,  with  about  thirteen  violet 
purple  ribs,  and  the  column  is  yellow  streaked  with  purple. 

157 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

ZYGOPETALUM  BUETII,  Benth. 

Syns.  Batemannia  Burtii,  Echb. 
Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  1099;  Bob.  Mag.  t.  6003. 

Originally  discovered  by  Endres  in  1867  in  Costa  Eica,  and  shortly 
afterwards  imported  from  that  country.  A  plant  obtained  from  us  flowered 
for  the  first  time  in  Great  Britain  in  the  collection  of  the  late  Mr.  Burnley 
Hume,  at  Winterton,  Norfolk,  in  the  summer  of  1872. 

The  flowers  are  fleshy,  3  to  4  in.  in  diameter,  white  at  the  very  base  of 
the  segments,  then  yellow,  and  the  apical  half  red-brown  with  some  yellow 
spots.  Comparatively  few  plants  have  been  introduced. 

ZYGOPETALUM  DAYANUM,  Benth.  var. 
Syns.  Pescatorea  Dayana,  Echb.,  var.  rhodacea. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  575;  id.  1874,  p.  226;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6214;  Veitchs'  Man. 

Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  50. 

Discovered  by  Gustav  Wallis  in  New  Grenada,  introduced  in  1873,  and 
named  in  honour  of  the  late  Mr.  John  Day  of  Tottenham. 

The  flowers,  3  in.  in  diameter,  are  coloured  cream-white  and  green  on 
the  sepals  and  petals,  and  the  lip  white  stained  with  crimson. 

ZYGOPETALUM  LAMELLOSUM,  Benth. 

Syns.  Pescatorea  lamellosa,  Echb.  f. 

Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI.  p.  ix.  p.  54 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6240 ;  Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875, 

vol.  iv.  p.  225. 

Introduced  from  New  Grenada  through  Gustav  Wallis,  who  gave  no 
precise  locality,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  August  1875 ;  it  is  long 
lost  to  cultivation. 

The  flowers,  about  2f-  in.  in  diameter,  are  of  a  nearly  uniform  yellow 
colour  with  a  yellowish-white  lip  marked  by  an  orange  and  brown  crest. 


158 


ORCHID    HYBRIDS 


ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

A  LIST   OF  THE    PRINCIPAL    ORCHID    HYBRIDS  RAISED 
BY  MESSRS.  VEITCH   SINCE   1853 

ANGR^ECUM  x  VEITCHII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxv.  p.  31   (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  id.  p.  35, 
fig.  10  ;  Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  37. 

Obtained  by  Seden  from  Angraecum  sesquipedale  and  A.  eburneum,  and 
the  first  hybrid  between  two  species  of  this  remarkable  genus. 

A  plant  bearing  three  open  flowers  was  exhibited  for  the  first  time  on 
January  10th  1899.  The  Orchid  Committee  recommended  the  plant  a 
First  Class  Certificate,  and  the  raiser  a  Silver  Flora  Medal.  The  flowers 
are  ivory-white  with  a  long  green  spur. 

ANGULOA  x  MEDIA,  Bchb.  f. 

Syns.  A.  X  intermedia,  Rolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  38;  Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  798;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  102 ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  40. 

The  offspring  of  Anguloa  Clowesii  and  A.  Ruckeri,  the  latter  being  the 
pollen  parent ;  a  similar  hybrid  had  previously  been  raised  by  Mr.  J.  C. 
Bowring,  of  Forest  Farm,  Windsor,  which  died  shortly  after  flowering,  and 
it  also  occurs  in  a  wild  state.  An  imported  plant  flowered  in  1893  in  the 
collection  of  R.  N.  Measures,  Esq.,  of  Streatham,  and  proved  identical 
with  Seden's  artificially  raised  plants. 

ANCECTOCHILUS   (GOODYERA)  x  DOMINII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  531 ;  Williams'  Orch.  Man.  7th  edt.  p.  410. 

Raised  by  John  Dominy  from  Goodyera  (Haemaria)  discolor,  and 
Anoectochilus  Lowii  (Dossinia  marmorata).  The  leaves  are  dark  mottled 
olive  green  with  five  to  nine  flesh-coloured  ribs,  and  the  plant  is  probably 
not  now  in  cultivation. 

CALANTHE  x  BELLA. 

Rchb.   in  Gard.   Chron.   1881,   vol.  xv.  p.  234;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  73; 
Reichenbachia,  1893,  p.  31,  t.  63,  fig.  2. 

Raised  from  Calanthe  vestita  Turneri  and  C.  x  Veitchii ;  the  flowers, 
delicate  light  rose  suffused  with  white,  with  a  deep  maroon  blotch  on  the 
lip,  are  as  large  as  the  best  forms  of  C.  X  Veitchii. 

161 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CALANTHE  x  DOMINII,  LindL 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1858,  p.  4;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5042;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi. 
p.  76;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Calanthe,  hybr.  pi.  2. 

This  cross,  interesting  as  the  first  hybrid  orchid  to  bloom,  although  not 
the  first  seedling  to  be  raised  by  hand,  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Exeter 
in  1856,  and  was  named  by  Dr.  Lindley  in  honour  of  John  Dominy,  the 
foreman  who  effected  the  cross  and  raised  the  seedlings. 

The  parents  used  were  Calanthe  falcata  and  C.  masuca. 

CALANTHE  x  GIGAS. 

Orchid  Eeview,  1893,  vol.  i.  pp.  61,  86 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1893,  Feb.  16th,  p.  129,  fig.  24  ; 
The  Garden  1893,  vol.  xliv.  p.  236,  pi.  926. 

A  very  beautiful  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Calanthe  vestita  gigantea 
crossed  with  the  pollen  of  C.  Eegnieri  Sanderiana. 

The  flowers,  borne  on  a  strong  spike,  are  nearly  3  in.  across ;  the  sepals 
milk-white,  the  petals  faintly  tinted  with  rose,  and  the  lip  a  bright  rose 
striated  with  white  and  a  deep  red-crimson  blotch  at  the  base. 

CALANTHE  x  HAEBISII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  721  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Kaised  by  Seden  from  Calanthe  Turneri  and  C.  X  Veitchii ;  pure  white 
handsome  flowers. 


CALANTHE  x  LENTIGINOSA,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  44;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  74. 

A  hybrid  from  Calanthe  labrosa  and  C.  x  Veitchii,  the  latter  being  the 
seed  parent. 

There  are  two  sub -varieties,  rosea  and  carminata,  the  last-named  one  of 
the  darkest  of  all  hybrid  Calanthes. 

CALANTHE  x  MASUCO-TEICAEINATA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  210  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

This  pretty  hybrid  raised  from  the  two  Indian  varieties  expressed  by  the 
name  has  white  flowers  suffused  with  rosy  lilac,  about  1  in.  in  diameter. 

CALANTHE  x  SEDENII,  Hort.   Veitch  &  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  168;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  75. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Calanthe  X  Veitchii  crossed  with  C.  vestita  rubro- 
oculata,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1878 ;  one  of  the  best  rose- 
coloured  of  all  Calanthes. 

162 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

CALANTHE  x  VEITCHII,  Lindl. 

Lindl.   in  Gard.   Chron.   1859,    p.    1016;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5375;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  280;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  75,  figs. ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Calanthe,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy  at  Exeter  in  1856,  and  now  the  most  popular 
and  widely-grown  representative  of  the  genus.  The  bright  and  unusually 
attractive  rose-coloured  flowers  on  gracefully  arching  spikes  are  produced 
during  the  winter  months,  and  the  ease  with  which  the  plants  can  be 
grown  account  for  its  popularity.  The  parents  are  Calanthe  (Limatodes) 
rosea  and  C.  vestita. 

CALANTHE  x  VEITCHII,  var.  ALBA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1897,  p.  10. 

Although  originally  raised  by  us  at  the  same  time  and  from  the  same 
cross  as  the  typical  C.  X  Veitchii,  this  variety  has  always  been  rare.  It 
differs  from  the  type  in  having  pure  white  flowers. 

CATTLEYA  x  ADELA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  16  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  by   Seden   from    Cattleya   Trianae    and   C.  Percivaliana.     The 
flower  has  lilac  rose-tinted  sepals  and  petals  and  a  rich  dark  purple  lip. 

CATTLEYA  x  APOLLO. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  471  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Eaised  from  Cattleya  Mossiae  and  C.  Aclandiae.     The  flowers  in  form 
and  firm  substance  resemble  C.  Aclandiae,  but   are  almost   as  large   as 
C.  Mossiae  and  of  great  brilliance. 

CATTLEYA  x  ATALANTA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  275  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1897,  p.  6. 
Obtained  from   Cattleya   Warscewiczii  and   C.   guttata   Leopoldii,  the 
former  being  the  pollen  parent,  from  which  the  front  lobe  of  the  lip  derived 
its  brilliant  colour. 

CATTLEYA  x  BACTIA. 

Gard.  Chron.    1901,  vol.  xxx.  p.   330  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid 
Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  350. 

Raised  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  C.  guttata ;  the  form  of  the 
flower  is  that  of  C.  guttata,  but  the  colour  approaches  more  nearly  that  of 
C.  Bowringiana. 

CATTLEYA  x  BRABANTI^]. 

Fl.  Mag.  1867,  t.  360;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  89. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  John  Dominy  and  named  in  compliment  to  the 
Duchess  of  Brabant,  afterwards  Queen  of  the  Belgians. 

The  species  used  were  Cattleya  Loddigesii  and  C.  Aclandiae. 

163 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CATTLE YA  x  BROWNIE,  VEITCHS'  var. 
Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxx.  p.  330  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

A  remarkable  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Harrisoniana  and 
C.  Bowringiana,  in  that  the  flower  is  very  large,  whilst  those  of  both  the 
parents  are  comparatively  small. 

CATTLEYA  x  CHAMBEELAINIANA,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  427;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  90; 
Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  491  (Rolfe's  List  of  Gdn.  Orchids) ;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Cattleya  hybr.  pi.  17. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  guttata  Leopoldii  and  C.  Dowiana,  and 
named  in  honour  of  the  Eight  Hon.  Joseph  Chamberlain,  a  well-known 
admirer  of  orchidaceous  plants. 

The  flowers  of  the  hybrid  are  like  those  of  the  first-named  parent  in 
shape,  but  larger,  the  sepals  and  petals  less  spreading  and  of  a  remark- 
able warm  brown  tint  which  strikingly  contrasts  with  the  rich  crimson 
purple  lip. 

CATTLEYA  x  CHLOE. 

Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  316  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
A  hybrid  raised  at  Langley  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  C.  bicolor. 

CATTLEYA  x  CHLOEIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  525,  fig.  88;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  pp.  339,  352. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  C.  maxima.  The 
flowers  are  5  in.  across  ;  the  sepals  and  petals  bright  rose-purple  and 
the  lip  deep  purple-crimson  with  a  lighter  orange-barred  throat. 

CATTLEYA  x  CLYTIE. 
Eaised  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  C.  velutina. 

CATTLEYA  x  CYBELE. 
Eaised  from  Cattleya  gaskelliana  and  C.  Lueddemanniana. 

CATTLEYA  x  DEVONIENSIS. 

Syns.  C.  X  devoniana. 
Williams'  Orch.  Man.  7th  edt.  p.  160. 

One  of  the  early  hybrids  raised  by  Dominy,  of  which  no  record  was 
kept,  and  which  received  a  First  Class  certificate  from  the  Eoyal 
Horticultural  Society,  October  llth  1864. 

164 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

CATTLEYA  x  DOMINIANA. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1859, p.  948;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  90. 

Raised  by  John  Dominy  at  Exeter  between  Cattleya  labiata  and  C. 
intermedia.  „ 

The  several  seedlings  raised  from  this  cross  produce  flowers  alike  in 
form  but  varying  in  colour ;  some  have  received  varietal  names,  as  alba 
(Fl.  Mag.  1867,  t.  367),  with  pale  sepals  and  petals ;  and  lutea,  with  a 
large  yellow  disc  on  the  lip. 

CATTLEYA  x  ELLA. 

Gard.  Chron.   1898,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  202  (Report   of  E.H.S.   Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid 
Review,  1898,  p.  317;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cattleya  hybr.  pi.  13. 

A  distinct  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  bicolor  and  C.  Warsce- 
wiczii.  The  pale  rosy  lilac  sepals  have  a  white  area  at  the  base ;  the 
petals  are  broader  than  the  sepals  and  of  a  darker  tint ;  the  lip  resembles 
that  of  C.  bicolor,  having  pinkish  side-lobes  and  a  front  lobe  of  glowing 
purple. 

CATTLEYA  x  ELVINA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  534  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Trianiae  and  C.  Schilleriana. 

CATTLEYA  x  EMPRESS  FREDERICK,  var.  LEONATA. 
Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  pp.  428,  429,  fig.  127. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Mossise  and  C.  Dowiana,  the  first  plant 
flowering  in  the  collection  of  Baron  Schroder  in  June  1892.  The  variety 
Leonata  differs  from  the  original  in  having  the  sepals  and  petals  of  a  bright 
rose  colour  instead  of  white. 

CATTLEYA  x  ENID. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  92 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cattleya  hybr.  pi.  23. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Mossiae  and  C.  Warscewiczii. 
The  sepals  and  petals  are  light  rose-purple  with  a  finely  crisped  lip  of 
deep  crimson-purple  with  a  rich  yellow  throat. 

CATTLEYA  x  EROS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.   192  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  259. 

Raised  from  Cattleya  Mossiae  and  C.  Walkeriana.  The  flowers  have  the 
open  shape  of  the  last-named,  but  are  larger,  bright  rose  in  colour,  with  a 
velvety  crimson  lip. 

165  M 


CATTLEYA  x  EUPHEASIA. 

Gard.    Chron.    1896,  vol.   xx.   p.    310  (Report  of  R.H.S.    Orchid    Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  297. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Warscewiczii  and  C.  superba,  the  latter  being  the 
pollen  parent.  The  flower  is  of  good  form  and  substance,  most  like  the 
seed  parent  in  general  character :  the  sepals  and  petals  are  bright  rose- 
purple,  the  lip  sub-entire,  rich  crimson-purple  in  front,  and  the  throat 
nearly  white  with  two  yellow  blotches  at  the  sides. 

CATTLEYA  x  EUEYDICE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  527  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  labiata  and  C.  Aclandiae.     The  sepals  and 
petals,  of  a  pinkish  lavender  hue,  bear  a  few  purple  spots ;  the  rich  crimson 
lip  is  yellow  on  the  disc  passing  to  cream-white  at  the  base. 

CATTLEYA  x  FABIA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  375. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  labiata  and  C.  Dowiana.  The  light  rosy-pink 
flowers  have  mottled  segments  and  a  lip  approaching  that  of  C.  labiata, 
with  some  yellow  in  the  throat. 

CATTLEYA  x  FABIOLA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  601. 
Eaised  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  the  hybrid  C.  Harrisi. 

CATTLEYA  x  INTEETEXTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  177. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Mossias  and  C.  Warneri ;  the  flowers  adhere 
closely  in  form  to  those  of  the  last-named  parent. 

CATTLEYA  x  MANGLESII,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  556;  Veitchs'  Man.  Oroh.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  91. 
Eaised  by  Dominy  from  Cattleya  Lueddemanniana  crossed  with  C.  Lod- 
digesii,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  August  1866. 

CATTLEYA  x  MANTINII. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1896,  p.  4. 

A  charming  hybrid  raised  by  Mons.  George  Mantin,  President  of  the 
Orchid  Committee  of  the  Societe  Nationale  d' Horticulture  de  France,  and 
also  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  C.  Dowiana,  the  latter 
being  the  pollen  parent.  Specimens  from  both  progenies  were  exhibited 
simultaneously  at  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society's  Meeting  on  October 
29th  1895. 

166 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

CATTLBYA  x  MABSTERSONLZE,  Bchb.  f. 

Rohb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  556;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  92. 

Eaised  and  named  in  honour  of  Mrs.  Seden  nee  Marsterson,  and  one  of 
the  first  as  also  one  of  the  most  beautiful  of  the  series  of  hybrids  obtained 
by  crossing  one  of  the  labiata  forms  with  other  species  of  Cattleya. 

The  parents  were  C.  Loddigesii  and  C.  labiata  vera. 

CATTLEYA  x  MELPOMENE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  315  (Eeport  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Forbesii  and  C.  Mendelii.  The  light 
rose-coloured  flower  has  the  lip  white  tinged  with  pink  and  a  yellow 
throat. 

CATTLEYA  x  MINUCIA. 

Gard.    Chron.    1892,    vol.    xii.  p.  379  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid   Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  357. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Loddigesii  and  C.  Warscewiczii.  The 
flowers  resemble  somewhat  a  form  of  C.  labiata,  but  with  distinct 
traces  of  C.  Loddigesii  in  the  lip. 

CATTLEYA  x  MIEANDA. 

Gard.    Chron.    1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  51   (Report   of   R.H.S.    Orchid   Committee);  Orchid 

Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  80. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  amethystoglossa  (guttata  Prinzii)  and 
C.  Trianae,  the  second  hybrid  in  which  C.  amethystoglossa  participates 
in  the  parentage. 

CATTLEYA  x  NIOBE. 

Gard.  Chron.   1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  280  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  149. 

Eaised  from  a  cross  between  Cattleya  Aclandiae  and  C.  Mendelii.  The 
seedling  is  singularly  dwarf  in  habit,  and  has  large  wax-like  flowers  of  a 
rose-colour  sparsely  spotted  with  purple. 

CATTLEYA  x  OLIVIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  315  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  intermedia  and  C.  Trianas  :  the  flower 
is  of  a  delicate  peach-blossom  colour. 

CATTLEYA  x  PHEIDIN^l. 

Gard.   Chron.   1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.   470  (Report  of  R.H.S.    Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  363. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  intermedia  and  C.  maxima;  the  reverse 
of  the  cross  which  produced,  thirty-four  years  earlier,  C.  X  Dominiana. 

167 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

From  this  last-named  it  differs  in  having  the  lip  closely  veined  all  over, 
as  in  C.  maxima. 

CATTLEYA  x  PHILO. 
Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  535  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  iricolor  and  C.  Mossiae,  the  first  in  which 
the  rare  C.  iricolor  participated. 

CATTLEYA  x  PHILO,  var.  ALBIFLOEA. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  357. 
A  light  coloured  form  of  the  preceding  derived  from  the  same  parents. 

CATTLEYA  x  PICTUEATA,  Bchb.  /. 

Syns.  C.  X  hybrida,  var.  picta. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  584;  Fl.  Mag.  1881,  t.  473;  Gard.  Chron. 
1889,  vol.  v.  p.  746  (Rolfe's  List  of  Garden  Orchids)  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI. 
pt,  ii.  p.  91. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Dominy  at  Exeter  from  Cattleya  guttata  and  C. 
intermedia. 

CATTLEYA  x  POEPHYEOPHLEBIA,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  552 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  92. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  intermedia  and  C.  superba. 
The  rich  purple  veinings  on  the  lip  of  the  flower  are  remarkable,  and 
suggested  the  name,  "  a  purple  vein." 

CATTLEYA  x  PEINCESS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  335  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Trianae  and  C.  Lueddemanniana. 
The  sepals  and  petals  are  of  a  pale  rose  colour,  the  lip  bright  reddish 
purple  with  diverging  orange-coloured  lines,  and  all  parts  very  broad. 

CATTLEYA  x  QUINQUECOLOE. 

PI.  Mag.  t.  511 ;  Williams'  Orch.  Man.  7th  edt.  p.  183. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Dominy,  which  received  the  name  quinquecolor,  or 
five-coloured,  on  account  of  the  many  colours  the  different  parts  of  the 
flower  assume.  The  parents  were  Cattleya  Forbesii  and  C.  Aclandiae. 

CATTLEYA  x  SUAVIOE. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  92  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  802  (Rolfe's  List  of 

Garden  Orchids). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  intermedia  and  C.  Mendelii. 

168 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

CATTLEYA  x  VESTALIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  402  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Dowiana  aurea  and  C.  maxima,  the 
latter  being  the  seed-bearer.  The  flowers  of  the  hybrid  resemble  those  of 
C.  maxima,  but  are  larger  and  of  a  blush-white  or  pale  pink  hue,  with  a 
purple  lip  passing  to  rich  orange  colour  at  the  base. 

CATTLEYA  x  WENDLANDIANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  447  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  144 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cattleya  hybr.  pi.  12. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Warscewiczii  and  C.  Bowringiana,  two  of  the 
most  distinct  of  all  Cattleyas :  the  best  characters  of  both  are  blended  in 
the  progeny. 

The  brilliant  rose-purple  is  reproduced,  but  the  throat  is  more  expanded 
and  has  two  bright  yellow  blotches. 

The  plant  was  named  in  compliment  to  the  late  Herr  Wendland, 
Superintendent  of  the  Berggarten,  Herrenhausen,  Hanover. 

CHYSIS  x  CHELSONI,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1874,  p.  535 ;  id.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  717,  fig.  ;  Fl.  Mag.  1878 ; 
n.s.  t.  297  ;  1'Orchidophile,  1883,  p.  497  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  27, 
fig.  ;  Williams'  Orch.  Man.  edt.  7,  p.  195,  fig. 

This,  the  first  hybrid  raised  in  this  genus,  was  flowered  at  Chelsea, 
Chysis  Limminghei  being  the  seed  and  C.  bractescens  the  pollen 
parent. 

CHYSIS  x  LANGLEYENSIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  593  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  Chysis  bractescens  and  the  hybrid  C.  X  Chelsoni. 

CYMBIDIUM  x  EBURNEO-LOWIANUM. 

Gard.  Chron.   1889,  vol.  v.  p.  363  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  23 ;  Diet.   Ic.   des 
Orchidees,  Cymbidium,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

The  first  hybrid  in  the  genus  produced  artificially :  as  the  name 
implies,  the  parents  were  Cymbidium  eburneum  and  C.  Lowianum. 

The  seedling  plants  took  nine  years  to  flower.  Since  the  appearance  of 
this  first  cross  another  hybrid  has  been  produced  by  using  the  species 
reversed,  and  is  known  as  C.  X  Lowio-eburneum. 

CYMBIDIUM  x  LOWIO-GEANDIFLOEUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  116 ;   Orchid  Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  100. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cymbidium  Lowianum  and  C.  grandiflorum,  the 
former  being  the  seed-bearer.  The  flowers  resemble  a  good  form  of 

169 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

C.  Lowianum  with  the  addition  of  some  red-brown  spots  at  the  base  of 
the  front  lobe  of  the  lip,  which  show  the  influence  of  C.  grandiflorum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  ADBASTUS. 

Syns.  C.  x  Euryades. 
C.  x  Hera. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  pp.  214,  243  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Diet. 
Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium,  hybr.  pi.  44  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  p.  103,  fig.  16  ; 
Orchid  Review,  1899,  vol.  vii.  p.  61. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  x  Leeanum  and  C.  villosum  Boxalli, 
and  exhibited  in  February  1892  under  the  name  of  C.  X  Hera,  but 
owing  to  another  variety  already  bearing  that  name  it  was  changed  to  that 
which  it  now  bears. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  -ESON. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xiii.  p.   744   (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid   Committee)  ;  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  61. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  insigne  and  C.  Druryi,  with  much  resemblance 
to  the  first-named  parent.  A  great  improvement  on  the  original  hybrid  is 
known  as  jffison  giganteum. 


CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  AINSWOETHII, 
var.  CALUEUM. 

Syns.  C.  X  calurum,  Rchb. 

Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  iii.  p.  413  ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  41  ; 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  22  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1884,  p.  145,  pi.  619  ;  Orchid 
Album,  iii.  t.  136. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  longifolium  and 
C.  x  Sedenii.  The  very  curious  and  beautiful  petals,  resembling  C.  longi- 
folium, but  longer  and  twisted,  suggested  the  name  given  by  Professor 
Eeichenbach. 

The  type  was  raised  by  Mitchell,  gardener  to  Dr.  Ainsworth,  of 
Manchester. 


CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  ALBO-PUEPUEEUM, 

Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.   38 ;  1'Orchidophile,  1883,  pp.  508,  509,  fig.  ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  102. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  Schlimii  and  the  first 
hybrid  Cypripede  (C.  x  Dominianum)  of  the  Selenipedia  group. 

The  influence  of  the  pollen  parent  preponderates  in  the  form  of  the 
floral  segment,  and  that  of  the  seed  parent  in  the  colour. 

170 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

CYPEIPEDIUM   x    ANTIGONE. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.   Chron.    1890,  vol.  viii.  p.   716 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.   1891,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  262, 

fig.  49. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Lawrenceanum  and 
C.  niveum,  the  reverse  cross  of  that  which  produced  C.  x  Aphrodite, 
altogether  a  more  robust  plant. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   x   APHEODITE. 

Veitchs'  Man.    Orch.  PI.   pt.  iv.  p.  77  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  342  (Report  of 
R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Gard.  Mag.  1894,  Feb.  10,  p.  76,  fig. 

Eais'jd  from  Cypripedium  niveum  and  C.  Lawrenceanum ;  and  a  very 
handsome  hybrid,  with  foliage  scarcely  less  attractive  than  the  flowers, 
which  are  white  with  rosy  veins  and  dots. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  AEETE. 

Gard.   Chron.   1892,  vol.   xii.   p.  744  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  id.  1893, 
vol.  xiii.  p.  8  ;  Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  i.  p.  32. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  concolor  and  C.  Spicerianum,  the 
latter  being  the  pollen  parent. 

The  creamy  white  flowers  are  all  covered  with  a  profusion  of  rose 
dots,  and  the  upper  sepal,  base  of  petals  and  edge  of  lip  are  tinged  with 
green. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  AETEMIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  199  (Chapman's  List  of  Hybrid  Orchids). 
Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Dayanum  and  C.  Swanianum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  AETHUEIANUM,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1874,  p.  676 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  77,  fig.  ; 
1'Orchidophile,  1887,  p.  209,  col.  pi.  ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  305,  fig.  ; 
id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  40 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedinm  hybr.  pi.  12. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  insigne  and  the  then 
rare  and  beautiful  C.  Fairieanum. 

Only  a  single  seedling  was  raised,  and  this  flowered  for  the  first  time 
in  1874,  when  Professor  Eeichenbach  dedicated  it  to  the  late  Arthur 
Veitch.  It  was  the  second  of  the  Fairieanum  hybrids  to  be  raised,  and 
is  one  of  the  most  robust  of  the  group.  The  influence  of  C.  Fairieanum  is 
obvious  in  the  undulate  petals  and  in  the  veining  of  the  dorsal  sepal. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  AETHUEIANUM,    var.   PULCHELLUM. 

Jour,   of  Hort.    1892  (Feb.),  fig.   66;  Orchid  Review,   1893,   vol.  i.  p.   305;  id.   1894, 
vol.  ii.  p.  44 ;  id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  40,  fig.  ;   Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  10. 

A  variety  obtained  from  a  cross  in  which  Cypripedium  insigne  Chantini 
was  used  with  C.  Fairieanum  instead  of  the  typical  C.  insigne. 

171 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  dorsal  sepal  in  this  variety  is  broader  than  in  the  type,  the  spots 
fewer  in  number  and  twice  as  large ;  the  petals  shorter  and  the  nerves 
darker. 

CYPKIPEDIUM  x  ASTEEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  191  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  and  C.  Philippinense. 

The  upper  sepal  is  pure  white  with  a  green  tinge  at  the  base  and  a 
purple  line  in  the  centre ;  the  twisted  petals  are  tinted  with  rose  and  the 
lip  with  lilac. 

CYPKIPEDIUM  x  BAEON   SCHEODEE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  667  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Jour,  of 
Hort.  1896,  p.  533,  fig. ;  Gard.  Mag.  1896,  p.  890,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1901, 
vol.  ix.  p.  81,  fig.  16. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  x  cenanthum  superbum  and  the  once 
rare  C.  Pairieanum,  and  one  of  the  most  perfect  of  the  hybrid  Cypripedes 
in  which  C.  Fairieanum  participates  as  a  parent.  The  dorsal  sepal  is 
heavily  spotted  with  reddish  purple  on  a  lighter  ground,  and  the  petals 
veined  and  suffused  with  similar  colours  and  spotted  on  the  lower  half. 
It  is  a  hybrid  of  the  third  generation,  four  species  being  concerned  in  its 
ancestry  ;  C.  Fairieanum,  C.  insigne,  C.  villosum,  and  C.  barbatum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  BEYSA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  343  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  x  Sedeni  candi- 
dulum  and  C.  (S.)  Boissierianum. 

The  flowers  resemble  a  large  form  of  the  first-named  parent  with  a 
greenish  tinge  in  the  colouring. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CALANTHUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  652;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  79. 
A  hybrid  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  Crossii  and  C.  Lowii,  flowered 
for  the  first  time  in  September  1878. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CALOPHYLLUM. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  169;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  80. 

One  of  the  earliest  hybrids  to  be  raised  artificially  by  us,  and  never 
described  until  it  was  again  flowered  by  Mr.  B.  S.  Williams.  The  parents 
are  Cypripedium  barbatum  and  C.  venustum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CALYPSO. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1890,  p.  14;  Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol.  ix.  p.  86  (Report  of  R.H.S. 
Orchid  Committee) ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees ;   Cypripedinm  hybr.  pi.  26. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  villosum   Boxalli  and  C.   Spicerianum,  and 

172 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

distinguished  among  the  C.  Spicerianum  hybrids  by  most  bright  and  varied 
colours. 

The  white  purple-banded  dorsal  sepal  is  inherited  from  C.  Spicerianum 
as  is  also  the  red-brown  lip ;  the  brilliant  colour  so  remarkable  in  this 
hybrid  is  due  to  the  influence  of  C.  villosum  Boxalli. 

There  are  now  in  cultivation  many  forms  raised  since  the  type 
appeared,  distinguished  by  varietal  names. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CAPTAIN   HOLFOED. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  198  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  hirsutissimum  and  C.  superbiens. 
The  large  handsome  flowers  have  a  decided  resemblance  to  C.  hirsutissimum 
in  the  dorsal  sepal ;  the  broad  sepals  are  white,  tinged  with  green  at  the 
base,  densely  spotted  with  dark  purple ;  the  lip  is  large,  of  a  dull  rose 
colour. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  CAEDINALE,  Rchb.  f. 

Syns.  Phragmopedilum  X  cardinale,  Rolfe. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  488;  The  Garden,  1885,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  520, 
pi.  495 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  102;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.p.  81, 
fig.  5;  id.  1903,  p.  248,  fig.  5;  Orchid  Album,  vii.  t.  370. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  x  Sedenii  and  C.  (Selenipedium) 
Schlimii  albiflorum. 

The  richly  coloured  lip  in  contrast  to  the  almost  pure  white  sepals  and 
petals,  and  the  elegant  form  of  the  flower  render  this  hybrid  one  of  the 
most  attractive  of  the  Selenipedia  group. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  CLEOLA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  744  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  id.  1893,  vol. 
xiii.  p.  8 ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  326 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Seleni- 
pedium hybr.  pi.  2. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  Schlimii  album  and  C.  reti- 
culatum  (Boissierianum) .  The  plant  has  the  characteristic  habit  of  the 
Selenipedium  section  to  which  both  the  parents  belong. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  CLONIUS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  536  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Jour,  of  Hort. 

1893,  pp.  394,  395,  fig.  59. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  x  conchiferum  and 
C.  (S.)  caudatum  Wallisii. 

The  flowers  somewhat  resemble  those  of  C.  x  conchiferum,  but  have 
more  attenuated  petals ;  the  pouch  is  clear  waxy  white  with  the  infolded 

173 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

lobes  spotted  with  purple ;    the  petals  white  with  green  lines  and  rose- 
tinted  drooping  tail-like  tips. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CEBON. 

Jour,  of   Hort.   1892,  vol.  xxiv.  p.   205,  fig.  31;  Gard.    Chron.   1891,   vol.  ix.  p.   214 
(Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  x  cenanthum  superbum  and  C.  Harrisianum, 
having  fine  hybrids  for  parents ;  the  result  is  disappointing. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CEETHUS. 

Gard.   Chron.   1892,  vol.  xii.  p.   622   (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);   Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  359. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianun  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  C. 
Argus. 

The  upper  sepal  is  white-bordered,  with  black  dots  about  the  surface, 
the  petals  yellowish-green,  also  black-spotted,  and  the  lip  coppery  green 
with  a  rosy  suffusion  round  the  orifice. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  DOMINIANUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1181 ;  PL  Mag.  1870,  t.  499 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 
PL  pt.  iv.  p.  103,  fig.  opposite;  The  Garden,  1891,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  412,  pi.  803; 
TOrchidophile,  1882,  pp.  452,  453,  fig. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy  at  Chelsea  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium) 
caricinum  and  C.  caudatum,  and  named  by  Professor  Eeichenbach  in 
compliment  to  him.  This,  the  first  hybrid  raised  among  the  Selenipedia, 
is  still  one  of  the  most  admired  of  the  group. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  DOMINIANUM, 
var.   CLYMENE. 

Orchid  Review,   1894,  vol.   ii.   p.   160;    Gard.   Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  456  (Report  of 

R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

A  variety  of  the  preceding  having  pale  coloured  flowers.  It  was  raised 
by  Seden  from  C.  (Selenipedium)  caricinum  and  C.  caudatum  Wallisii. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  DEUEYO-HOOKEEJE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  530  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  39. 

The  parentage  of  this  seedling  is  expressed  by  the  name. 

The  flowers  are  of  wax-like  substance  and  singular  in  colour  ;  the  dorsal 
sepal  green  passing  to  white  at  the  border ;  the  petals  clear  green  strongly 
tinted  with  rose-lilac  passing  to  white  at  the  tips  with  a  strong  median  line 
of  purple  ;  the  lip  is  yellowish-green,  tinted  and  veined  with  rose. 

174 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  ELECTEA,  Eolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  297 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iv.  p.  83. 

A  hybrid  raised  from  unknown  parents,  but  probably  of  the  same  origin 
as  Cypripedium  x  Galatea. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EUEYALE. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  83. 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Lawrenceanum  and  C.  superbiens. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EUEYANDEUM,  Echb.  f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1875,   vol.   iv.   p.  772;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  187;  Fl.  des  Serres, 
xxii.  t.  2278 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  83,  fig. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  and  C.  Stonei,  and  well 
known  as  one  of  the  most  distinct  of  its  race. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EUEYLOCHUS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  664  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  359. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  ciliolare  and  C.  hirsutissimum. 
The  flowers,  attractive  and  prettily  spotted,  have  petals  curiously  elongated 
and  deflexed. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EVENOE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  664  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  359. 

A  very  interesting  hybrid  with  purple-spotted  flowers  on  a  cream-white 
ground,  raised  from  Cypripedium  Argus  and  C.  bellatulum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  GALATEA,  Eolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  168;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  84. 

A  hybrid  of  unknown  parentage,  probably  from  Cypripedium  Har- 
risianum  and  C.  insigne  Maulei,  and  to  this  cross  probably  also  belong 
C.  x  Acis,  C.  x  Orestes,  and  C.  x  Electra. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  GEEMINYANUM,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  200;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  85; 
Jour,  of  Hort.  1893,  pp.  67,  74,  fig.  10 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium 
hybr.  pi.  52. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  villosum  and  C.  hirsutissimum,  and 
dedicated  to  Count  Adrien  de  Germiny,  of  Gonville,  near  Eouen,  who  was 
the  owner  of  one  of  the  finest  collections  of  orchids  in  France. 

175 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  GIGANTEUM. 

Syns.  C.  X  macrochilum,  var.  giganteum. 

Orchid  Eeview,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  186 ;  Gard.  Mag.  1894,  p.  256,  fig.  ;  Jour,  of  Hort. 
1894,  pp.  386,  387,  fig.  62;  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  602  (Report  of 
R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

A  hybrid,  raised  by  Seden,  resembling  a  very  large  form  of  Selenipedium 
X  macrochilum,  and  derived  from  Cypripedium  caudatum  Lindeni 
(Phragmopedilum  caudatum,  var.  Uropedium)  and  the  hybrid  Selenipedium 
X  grande.  The  lip  is  broad  and  well  rounded  in  front  with  white  side 
lobes  beautifully  spotted  and  tinged  with  purple ;  the  petals,  white,  striped 
with  green,  with  claret  coloured  tips,  attain  a  length  of  over  18  in. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  GEANDE. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  462  ;  id.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  488 ;  Lindenia,  vi.  p.  7, 
t.  242;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  104,  fig. 

One  of  the  finest  of  the  Selenipedium  hybrids,  raised  from  Cypripedium 
(Selenipedium)  longifolium  Eoezlii  (Hartwegii)  crossed  with  the  pollen 
of  C.  (Selenipedium)  caudatum. 

It  is  the  most  robust  in  the  group  to  which  it  belongs,  the  sword-shaped 
leaves  being  from  20  to  30  in.  long,  the  flower-scape  frequently  more 
than  a  yard  in  height,  and  the  flowers  7  to  8  in.  across  the  sepals  from 
tip  to  tip. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  GEANDE,   var.  MACEOCHI- 

LUM. 

Syns.  0.  X  macrochilum. 
Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  326;  O'Brien  in  Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol  x.  pp.  199,  343,  fig. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  longifolium  and  C.  (S.) 
caudatum  Lindeni  (Phragmopedilum  caudatum,  var.  Uropedium),  and  the 
most  extraordinary  hybrid  in  the  group  to  which  it  belongs,  being  the 
product  of  the  practically  pouchless  Phragmopedilum  crossed  with  the 
normal  pouched  Selenipedium,  and  possessing  a  remarkably  long  and 
elongated  pouch. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  HAEEISIANUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  108 ;  PI.  Mag.  1869,  pi.  431.  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn, 
xxii.  tt.  2289-2290;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  86,  fig.;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  11. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy  about  the  year  1864  from  Cypripedium  villosum 
and  C.  barbatum  at  Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1869, 
and  the  first  Cypripedium  artificially  raised  :  it  has  since  been  obtained  by 
several  operators  from  the  same  cross. 

The  name  Harrisianum  was  given  in  compliment  to  Dr.  Harris,  of 
Exeter,  who  gave  Dominy  the  idea  of  hybridizing  orchids. 

176 


CYPRIPEDIUM    X"  JAMES     H.     VEITCH 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

There  are  several  forms,  of  which  the  one  named  superbum  is  probably 
the  most  distinct. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  H.  BALLANTINE. 

Syns.  C.  X  Ballantinei. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  408 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PI.  1893,  p.    13,  fig.  ; 
Orchid  Review,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  18. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  purpuratum  and  C.  Fairieanum, 
named  after  Mr.  H.  Ballantine,  the  grower  of  Baron  Schroder's  fine 
collection  of  orchids,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  August  1890. 

It  is  undoubtedly  one  of  the  finest  of  the  hybrids  from  C.  purpuratum, 
and  clearly  shows  the  influence  of  both  parents. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  IANTHE. 

Gard.   Chron.    1892,  vol.  xi.   p.    343    (Report  of   R.H.S.   Orchid   Committee);    Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  13. 

Probably  from  Cypripedium  Harrisianum  and  C.  venustum  :  the  flowers 
much  resemble  C.  Harrisianum  in  shape,  but  are  distinct  in  colour. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  JAMES  H.  VEITCH. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  258  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  id.  p.  287, 
fig.  40;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  309;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  Sept.  6th, 
p.  227,  fig.  33. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Stonei  platytaenium  and  C.  Curtisii, 
and  one  of  the  finest  of  all  hybrids.  The  great  breadth  of  petals  peculiar 
to  the  celebrated  variety  of  Cypripedium  Stonei  is  transmitted  to  the 
offspring ;  they  are  broadly  ribbon-like,  pendulous,  4|  in.  in  length, 
about  1  in.  broad,  and  light  yellow  evenly  spotted  with  dark  red- 
purple  warts  except  near  the  apices.  The  lip  is  helmet-shaped  and 
almost  uniform  red-crimson  with  the  infolded  side  lobes  paler  but  dotted 
with  darker  warts. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  LEEANUM,    var.    SUPEEBUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  277 ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  168 ; 
1'Orchidophile,  1885,  p.  240 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  88,  with  fig. 

This  variety  was  raised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  insigne  Maulei 
and  C.  Spicerianum.  The  hybrid  known  as  C.  Leeanum  was  first  raised 
at  Burford  Lodge,  Dorking,  and  flowered  sometime  after  that  of  Seden's 
production,  which,  being  the  finer  variety,  was  called  superbum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  LEUCOEEHODUM,  Rchb. 

Syns.  Phragmopedilum  X  leucorrhodum,  Rolfe. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  270  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  104 ; 
Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  169,  fig.  11. 

Eaised  from    Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  Eoezlii  and  C.  (S.)  Schlimii 

177 


HORTUS   VE1TCHII 

albiflorum,  the  influence  of  the  pollen  parent  shows  strongly  in  this 
hybrid.  The  general  colour  is  blush  white  with  a  suffusion  of  delicate 
pink  on  the  upper  sepal  and  a  lip  light  rose  pink  suffused  with  white. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  LITTLE    GEM. 

Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  341 ;  id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  108,  fig.  25. 

A  seedling  raised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  x  Baron  Schroder  and 
C.  X  Harrisianum,  which  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1903. 

Several  seedlings  were  raised  from  the  same  cross,  but  they  differ 
widely  in  size  as  in  form. 

In  the  typical  form,  now  known  as  the  Westfield  variety,  the  flower  is 
small,  the  dorsal  sepal  white,  flushed  with  dark  rose,  and  the  markings 
are  of  chocolate-purple  ;  the  lip  is  purple-brown ;  other  varieties  show 
more  of  the  influence  of  C.  x  Harrisianum,  and  have  flowers  above  the 
medium  size  and  of  a  rich  deep  colour. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  LUCIDUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  521. 

Eaised  by  Seden  by  crossing  Cypripedium  Lowii  with  the  pollen  of 
C.  villosum.  The  upper  sepal  is  greenish  with  much  brown  at  the  base, 
and  in  the  centre  there  are  many  spots ;  the  petals,  narrow  at  the  base, 
are  dilated  at  the  apex  and  shining ;  the  lip  is  like  that  of  C.  villosum, 
and  chiefly  brownish-violet  in  colour. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MACEOPTEEUM,  Rchb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  552 ;  id.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  294 ;  Veitchs' 

Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  90. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Lowii  and  C.  superbiens,  and  remarkable  as 
being  one  of  the  comparatively  few  hybrids  in  which  the  influence  of  the 
seed  parent  is  shown  in  the  flower  and  that  of  the  pollen  parent  in  the 
foliage ;  the  influence  of  C.  superbiens  is  seen  only  in  the  spotting  on  the 
basal  half  of  the  petals  and  in  the  large  helmet-shaped  lip  and  in  the 
staminode. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MAEMOEOPHYLLUM,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  130 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  90. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Hookerge  crossed  with  C.  barbatum. 
The  influence  of  the  pollen  parent  preponderates  in  the  flower ;  that  of 
the  seed  parent  is  most  decided  in  the  foliage. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MAESHALLIANUM,  Bchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  804 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  91. 
Eaised  from  Cypripedium  venustum  pardinum  crossed  with  C.  concolor. 

178 


CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MEDEIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  199  (Chapman's  List  of  Hybrid  Orchids). 
Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  and  C.  hirsutissimum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MELANCHUS. 

Gard.  Chron.    1893,  vol.  xiii.   p.  456  (Report  of  E.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  147. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Hookerae  and  C.  Stonei,  the  latter 
being  the  pollen  parent.  The  dorsal  sepal  is  almost  of  the  same  shape  as 
that  of  C.  Stonei,  but  is  suffused  with  olive-green  and  the  stripes  are  less 
distinct.  The  petals  are  broader  than  in  C.  Stonei,  and  bright  purple- 
brown  with  numerous  small  spots.  The  lip  is  veined  with  light  brown  on 
a  paler  ground.  The  flower  resembles  the  pollen  parent,  and  the 
influence  of  the  seed  parent  is  chiefly  seen  in  the  foliage. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MELIS. 

Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  320. 
Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Boxallii  and  C.  philippinense. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MEEOPS. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol  ii.  p.  159. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  ciliolare  and  C.  Druryi.  The 
flowers  are  pale  buff  yellow  with  red-brown  blotches  and  stains. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MICEOCHILUM,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  77 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  92, 
with  fig.  ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium,  pi.  17. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  niveum  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  C.  Druryi, 
and  first  flowered  in  1882. 

One  of  the  most  distinct  of  hybrids  well-nigh  intermediate  between  the 
two  parents,  the  lip  is  nearly  as  in  C.  Druryi,  white,  veined  with  pale 
green,  but  very  small. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MILO. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  670  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid   Committee)  ;    Orchid 

Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  30. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  insigne  Chantinii  and  C.  cenanthum 
superbum ;  there  are  many  varieties,  but  none  superior  to  that  known  as 
grandis. 

179 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  MINOS. 

Gard.   Chron.    1893,   vol.   xiv.   p.   692  (Report  of   R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  23 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  sub  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  47. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  crossed  with  pollen  from 
C.  X  Arthurianum.  The  pure  white  upper  sepal  is  tinted  with  purple  at 
the  base ;  the  lip  and  petals  are  yellowish-brown,  the  latter  retaining 
the  downward  curve  so  conspicuous  in  C.  X  Arthurianum. 

Two  of  the  most  distinct  varieties  are  distinguished  by  the  names 
magnificum  and  supcrbum. 

CYPRIPEDIUM  x  MORGAN!^. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  134;  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  241,  fig. 
49 ;  id.  1890,  vol.  vii.  pi.  p.  544 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  92,  fig. ;  The 
Garden,  1883,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  58,  pi.  372 ;  Orchid  Review,  1904,  vol.  xii.  p.  41,  fig.  ; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  27. 

Raised  from  Cypripedium  superbiens  crossed  with  C.  Stonei,  and  named 
in  compliment  to  Mrs.  Morgan  of  New  York,  in  her  day  an  ardent  amateur 
of  orchids.  At  the  time  of  its  first  appearance  the  finest  hybrid  of  its 
class,  the  large  pouch  and  long,  drooping,  spotted  petals  rendering  it 
peculiarly  attractive. 

CYPRIPEDIUM  x  MORGANLE,   var.   LANGLEYENSE. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  79 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  6. 

This  is  the  first  hybrid  to  flower  in  which  the  remarkable  Cypripedium 
Stonei  platytaenium  participated  in  the  parentage. 

It  differs  from  the  original  C.  X  Morganiae  in  the  flowers  being  larger, 
the  spots  on  the  petals  more  isolated  and  brighter,  and  the  lip  more 
highly  coloured. 

CYPRIPEDIUM  x  NIOBE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  9;  Orchid  Album,  vol.  x.  t.  438;  W.  J.  Bean  in  The  Garden, 
1891,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  483,  pi.  806;  1'Orchidophile,  1892,  p.  81,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review, 
1893,  vol.  i.  p.  7,  fig.  1 ;  id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  41,  fig. ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees, 
Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  13. 

Raised  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  with  pollen  from  the  once  rare 
C.  Fairieanum,  from  seed  sown  in  1884,  the  first  flower  opening  in  1889. 
They  show  a  combination  of  the  characters  of  the  two  parents,  and  are 
remarkable  in  that  they  possess  the  broadest  dorsal  sepal  in  the  group  to 
which  they  belong. 

C.  X  Niobe  forms  the  subject  of  the  first  figure  in  the  first  volume  of 
the  Orchid  Review. 

CYPRIPEDIUM  x  NITENS,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.   398;  Veitchs'  Man.    Orch.  PI.  pt.   iv.    p.  93; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  22. 

Raised   from    Cypripedium  villosum   and  C.   insigne  Maulei,  and  first 

180 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

flowered  in  1878.    The  name  nitens  was  suggested  by  the  highly  lustrous 
appearance  of  the  flowers. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  NOEMA. 

Gard.   Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  82;    Orchid    Review,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.    104,  figs.  22 

and  23. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  and  C.  X  Niobe,  the  first  of 
the  hybrids  in  which  the  beautiful  C.  x  Niobe  took  part ;  it  first  flowered 
in  January  1895. 

A  finer  form,  known  as  the  Westfield  variety,  has  a  broader  dorsal 
sepal  and  is  of  a  darker  shade. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  NUMA,  Bolfe. 
Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  608. 
An  uninteresting  hybrid  from  Cypripedium  Lawrenceanum  and  C.  Stonei. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  (ENANTHUM,  Schb.  /. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  297 ;    Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  93. 

Eaised  by  Seden  at  Chelsea  from  Cypripedium  x  Harrisianum  and  C. 
insigne  Maulei,  the  first  hybrid  Cypripedium  to  flower,  of  which  one  of  the 
parents  is  itself  a  hybrid. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  CENANTHUM,  var.  SUPEEBUM. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1885,  p.  11 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  94,  fig. ;  Lindenia, 

t.  33. 

An  improved  form  of  the  type  and  a  very  magnificent  slipper. 
CYPEIPEDIUM  x  (ENONE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  744  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Veitchs'  Catlg. 

of  PI.  1894,  p.  13. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  superbiens  and  C.  Hookerae,  the  former  being 
the  pollen  parent. 

The  flowers  are  fairly  intermediate  between  those  of  the  two  species, 
though  the  lip  is  nearer  that  of  C.  superbiens,  brownish  in  front,  pale 
green  beneath. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  OEESTES. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  94. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  x  Harrisianum  and  probably  C. 
insigne  Maulei,  but  there  is  much  doubt  on  the  point. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  OEION. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.   p.  80  (Report  of  the  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  61 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  62. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  insigne  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  C.  concolor. 

181  N 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  upper  sepal  is  large,  whitish  washed  with  yellow,  with  spots  and  tints 
of  purple  ;  the  lip  and  petals  are  creamy  yellow,  also  washed  and  spotted 
with  purple. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  OEPHANUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.   in  Gard.  Chron.   1886,  vol.   xxvi.  p.   166;    Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.   PI.   pt.   iv. 

p.  94. 

Probably  obtained  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  and  C.  Druryi,  but  by  an 
oversight  the  parentage  was  not  recorded,  and  refuge  was  taken  in  this  name. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PATENS,  Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  456. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  from  Cypripedium  Hookerse  crossed  with  C. 
barbatum  ;  of  no  great  interest. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  PENELAUS. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  61 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1893,  March  16th,  p.  219,  fig.  45. 

Eaised  from  the  pouchless  Cypripedium  caudatum  (Phragmopedilum 
caudatum  Uropedium)  and  the  hybrid  C.  x  Ainsworthii  calurum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  PEESEUS. 

Gard.    Chron.    1892,   vol.    xii.   p.    622  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  x  Sedenii,  porphy- 
reum  and  C.  Lindleyanum,  and  one  of  the  first  hybrids  to  flower,  of  which 
this  distinct  species  was  a  parent. 

This  occurred  during  the  year  1892. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  PEESEUS,  var.  PH^EDEA. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  52;  Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  80;  Veitchs'  Catlg. 

of  PI.  1894,  p.  13. 

A  hybrid  of  the  Selenipedium  group,  from  Cypripedium  Lindleyanum 
of  Mount  Eoraima,  and  C.  (Selenipedium)  x  Sedenii  candidulum,  three 
distinct  species  being  concerned  in  the  parentage. 

The  dorsal  sepal  is  cream-white  mottled  with  light  rose  for  two-thirds  of 
its  length ;  the  petals  are  about  3  in.  long,  light  rose  pink  with  a  white 
medium  line,  and  the  helmet-shaped  lip  is  rose-pink  with  yellowish-white 
lobes  dotted  with  crimson. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PHEEES. 

Gard.   Chron.  1892,   vol.    xii.   p.  745  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);    Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  32. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  hirsutissimum  and  C.  insigne,  the  latter  being 
the  seed-bearer ;  a  not  very  successful  experiment. 

182 


CYPEIPEDIUM  x  POEPHYEOCHLAMYS. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  476 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  p.  iv.  p.  96 ; 
Orchid  Album,  ix.  t.  426 ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  105,  fig.  7. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  Crossii  and  C.  hirsutissimum,  the 
first  hybrid  in  which  the  last-named  species  participated.  The  prevailing 
colour  of  the  flowers  is  deep  crimson-purple ;  the  upper  sepal  has  a  white 
margin  and  dark  veins;  the  petals  are  yellowish -green  at  the  base,  and 
the  lip  brownish-purple. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PEIAM. 

Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  373 ;  id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  105. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  x  Niobe  and  C.  insigne  Chantinii,  and  first 
flowered  in  November  1900 ;  a  light-coloured  form  of  the  type  is  known 
as  Leucas. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PEIAPUS. 

Syns.  C.  X  (Bolus. 
Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  526  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  philippinense  and  C.  villosum ;  the 
latter  it  much  resembles. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PYCNOPTEEUM,  Bchb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  622 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  96. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  PYCNOPTEEUM,  Echb.f.,  var.  POEPHYEOS- 

PILUM. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  489 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iv.  p.  97. 

Both  these  plants  were  raised  from  seed  from  the  same  capsule  ;  the 
second  can  but  be  regarded  as  a  variety  of  the  former,  which  it  surpasses 
in  size  of  flower  and  depth  of  colour.  The  parents  are  Cypripedium 
venustum  and  C.  Lowii. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EADIOSUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  424 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PL  pt.  iv.  p.  97. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Lawrenceanum  and  C.  Spicerianum, 
and  of  little  value. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  EEGINJE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  534  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Leeanum  and  C.  Fairieanum. 
The  flowers  suggest  those  of  C.  Arthurianum,  but  the  upper  two-thirds 
of  the  dorsal  sepal  is  pure  white  with  a  few  lines  of  purple. 

183 


HORTUS   VE1TCHI1 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  SAPPHO. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  199  (Chapman's  List  of  Hybrid  Orchids). 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Lowii  and  C.  barbatum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SCHEODEEJE,  Rchb.  /. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.    1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  432;  Orchid  Album,  v.    t.   196;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  105,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1898,  vol.  vi.  p.  361,  fig.  17. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  caudatum  and  C.  (S.)  X  Sedenii. 
It  is  one  of  the  finest  of  the  Selenipedia  hybrids,  and  was  named  as  a 
compliment  to  the  late  Baroness  Schroder  of  the  Dell,  Egham. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SCHEODEE^   CANDI- 

DULUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  88  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

From  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  caudatum  Wallisii  and  C.  (S.) 
X  Sedenii  candidulum. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SEDENII,  Echb.f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  1431 ;  id.  1886,  p.  596,  597,  fig.  (peloria)  ;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s. 
1876,  t.  206 ;  id.  1878,  t.  302 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  105,  fig.  p.  106  ; 
1'Orchidophile,  1882,  p.  179,  fig.  ;  Rev.  Hort.  1879,  p.  470,  col.  pi. ;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Selenipedium,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden,  after  whom  it  is  named,  by  cross-fertilizing 
Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  Schlimii  with  the  pollen  of  C.  (S.)  longifolium. 

The  plant  is  very  floriferous,  of  easy  culture,  and  one  of  the  most 
popular  hybrids  in  this  special  group  of  Slipper  Orchids. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SEDENII,  var.  POE- 

PHYEEUM. 

Syns.  C.  X  porphyreum,  Rchb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  366  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  106. 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  longifolium  Hart- 
wegii  (Eoezlii),  crossed  with  C.  (S.)  Schlimii,  a  graceful  and  delicate  object. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SEDENII,  var.  CANDI- 
DULUM. 

Lindenia,  t.  245 ;  Orchid  Album,  t.  481 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Selenipedium  hybr.  pi.  2. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  longifolium  crossed  with 
C.  (S.)  Schlimii  albiflorum ;  the  flowers  are  more  highly  coloured  than 
those  of  the  type. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  SELLIGEEUM. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  13,  with  fig.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  776,  with  fig. 
133 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  97 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium 
hybr.  pi.  37. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  crossed  with  C.  philippinense,  and 

184 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

flowered  for  the  first  time  during  the  summer  of  1878.  The  dorsal  sepal 
is  finely  lined  with  purple,  and  the  drooping  petals  are  narrow  and  most 
delicately  twisted. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  SIEIUS. 

Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  32. 

Obtained  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  Warneri  and  C.  Gode- 
froyae. 

CYPEIPEDIUM   (SELENIPEDIUM)  x  SUAVE. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  93. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  (Selenipedium)  x  Sedenii  candidulum  and 
C.  (S.)  Klotzschianum. 

In  the  details  of  the  flower  this  hybrid  approaches  the  first-named  plant, 
which  was  the  seed-bearer,  but  it  also  shows  intermediate  characters 
between  the  two  species. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  SUPEECILIAEE,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  795 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  98 ;  Diet. 
Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  38. 

A  hybrid  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  and  C.  superbiens.  The  dorsal 
sepal  is  very  broad,  marked  with  purple  and  green  lines  on  a  white  ground ; 
the  petals  are  strongly  ciliated  with  long  black  hairs  and  marked  with  large 
points  of  the  same  colour. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  TAUTZIANUM,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  681 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  98. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  niveum  and  C.  barbatum,  and  dedicated  to 
the  late  F.  G.  Tautz,  Esq.,  of  Studley  House,  Hammersmith,  S.W.,  at  that 
time  possessor  of  one  of  the  best  collections  of  Cypripedes  in  the  country, 
and  a  most  ardent  orchidist. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  T.  B.  HAYWOOD. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.'  p.  428. 

A  hybrid  from  Cypripedium  superbiens  and  C.  Curtisii,  named  in 
compliment  to  the  late  T.  B.  Haywood,  Esq.,  of  Woodhatch,  Eeigate, 
a  great  amateur. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  TELEMACHUS. 

Gard.    Chron.    1892,  vol.    xi.   p.   816    (Report    of  R.H.S.   Orchid    Committee);  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  359. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Lawrenceanum  and  C.  niveum, 
a  similar  parentage  to  C.  X  Aphrodite,  of  which  it  is  merely  a  variety, 
differing  in  having  the  greater  part  of  the  surface  of  its  flowers  suffused 
rosy  crimson. 

185 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  TESSELATUM,  Rclib.f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.    1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  614;   Diet.   Ic.   des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium 

hybr.  pi.  14. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  from  a  cross  between  Cypripedium  concolor  and 
C.  barbatum.  There  is  a  form  of  the  original  hybrid  named  porphyreum 
more  vigorous  than  the  type  and  more  brilliantly  coloured. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  TESSELATUM,  var.  POEPHYEEUM,  Bchb.  f. 

Echb.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  41 ;  id.   1885,  vol.   xx.  p.   492 ;  Veitchs'   Man. 

Orch.  PI.  iv.  p.  99. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  concolor  and  C.  barbatum.  At  the  time  of 
its  introduction  the  peculiar  and  distinct  shade  of  rose-purple  seen  in  the 
flowers  of  this  hybrid  was  unique  amongst  Cypripedes. 


CYPEIPEDIQM  x  THALIA. 
Orchid  Eeview,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  107,  fig.  24. 

Obtained  from  Cypripedium  x  Baron  Schroder  crossed  with  C.  insigne 
Chantinii,  and  a  beautiful  flower  with  an  orbicular  white  dorsal  line 
spotted  with  dark  purple.  The  petals  and  lip  are  yellow  marked  with 
purple-brown  ;  a  variety  named  punctatum  is  more  spotted  than  the  type. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  THIBAUTIANUM,  Echb.  f. 

Echb.  f.   in  Gard.   Chron.   1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  104;  Veitchs'  Man.  Oroh.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  99. 

Eaised  from  Cypripedium  Harrisianum  crossed  with  the  pollen  of 
C.  insigne  Maulei ;  the  same  parents  as  produced  C.  X  oenanthum,  and 
named  in  compliment  to  the  late  M.  Thibaut  of  Sceaux,  near  Paris, 
formerly  a  well-known  nurseryman  and  lover  of  Cypripedia. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  TITYUS. 

Gard.   Ohron.  1892,  vol.   xii.  p.   622  (Eeport  of  B.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);     Orchid 

Eeview,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

An  interesting  hybrid  obtained  from  Cypripedium  Spicerianum  crossed 
with  the  pollen  of  C.  X  oenanthum  superbum,  and  flowered  for  the  first 
time  during  1892. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  VEENIXIUM,  Bchb.f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  398 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  99. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cypripedium  Argus  crossed  with  C.  villosum. 

186 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

CYPRIPEDIUM  x  VEXILLARIUM,  Bchb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1373 ;  id.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  780,  fig.  135 ;  Orchid  Album,  t.  447 ;  The 
Garden,  1874,  vol.  v.  p.  102,  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  100,  fig. ; 
Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  297,  fig.  15 ;  id.  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  16 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  2. 

Eaised  by  Dominy  at  Chelsea  from  Cypripedium  barbatum  and  C. 
Fairieanum,  this  hybrid  has  the  peculiar  curved  and  drooping  petals  of 
the  latter,  and  the  dorsal  sepal  resembles,  more  or  less,  that  of  C.  barbatum. 
Flowering  for  the  first  time  in  1870,  it  was  one  of  the  earliest  hybrids  of 
the  Fairieanum  series  to  bloom. 

CYPKIPEDIUM  x  WINNIANUM,  Bchb.f. 

Bchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  362;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iv.  p.  100; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Cypripedium  hybr.  pi.  18. 

Kaised  from  Cypripedium  villosum  and  C.  Druryi,  and  dedicated  to 
Charles  Winn,  Esq.,  of  Selly  Hill,  Birmingham,  a  noted  amateur.  The 
flowers  are  intermediate  between  those  of  the  two  parents,  the  prevailing 
ground  colour  a  soft  light  brown. 

CYPEIPEDIUM  x  ZENO. 

Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  32. 
Kaised  from  Cypripedium  x  nitens  and  C.  insigne  Chantinii. 

DENDROBIUM  x  ADRASTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  503  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  Pierardii  and  D.  superbum,  and  the 
first  artificial  hybrid  in  which  D.  Pierardii  participated. 

The  flowers  are  very  pretty,  having  pale  pink  sepals  and  petals,  and 
have  a  decided  primrose-yellow  lip. 

DENDROBIUM  x  TINEAS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  366  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  128. 

Raised  from  Dendrobium  moniliforme  crossed  with  D.  crystallinum. 
The  sepals  and  petals  are  creamy  white,  with  tips  of  pale  rose ;  the  cream- 
coloured  lip  tipped  with  rose  has  a  curious  fulvous  bronze  disc. 

DENDROBIUM  x  AINSWORTHII,  var.  INTERTEXTUM. 

Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  103. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  nobile  and  Lee's  variety  of  D.  aureum. 
The  waxy-white  flowers  are   large    and  handsome,  the   lip   primrose- 
yellow  with  a  maroon  disc  ;  a  handsome  hybrid. 

187 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

DENDEOBIUM  x  AINSWOKTHII,   var.  SPLENDIDISSIMUM. 
See  Dendrobium  x  splendidissimum. 

DENDKOBEIUM  x  ALCIPPE. 

Syns.  D.  X  Aureum. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  475  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid  Review, 

1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  173. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  lituiflorum  Freemannii  and 
D.  Wardianum. 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  bright  rose-purple,  paler  at  the  base  ;  the  lip 
is  chiefly  very  white,  with  an  Indian  purple  disc  and  an  apical  border  of 
rose-purple. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  ASPASIA. 

Syns.  D.  X  Wardiano-aureum. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.   vii.   p.  336  (Report    of  R.H.S.    Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  137,  fig.  9 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1896. 

A  curious  and  charming  hybrid  from  Dendrobium  aureum  and  D. 
Wardianum. 

The  plant  has  a  habit  nearly  intermediate  between  that  of  the  two 
parents ;  the  flowers  have  the  general  outline  of  those  of  D.  Wardianum, 
the  sepals  and  petals  are  white  tipped  with  rose-purple,  and  the  lip  is 
cream-white  with  an  orange-coloured  disc  and  an  irregularly  pencilled 
crimson  blotch. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  COEDELIA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  172. 

Eaised  from  Dendrobium  aureum  and  D.  euosmum  leucopterum ;  the 
flowers,  3  in.  in  diameter,  resemble  those  of  D.  aureum  in  shape.  The 
sepals  and  petals  are  ivory-white,  the  former  narrowly  margined  with 
light  pink.  The  lip  is  light  yellow,  the  front  lobe  and  apex  white. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  CYBELE,   Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  202 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  87. 

A  hybrid  from  Dendrobium  Findlayanum  and  D.  nobile,  in  which 
the  pollen  parent  has  exerted  the  most  influence  ;  the  conspicuous  yellow 
lip  of  the  seed  parent,  D.  Findlayanum,  is  here  totally  lost  and  has  had 
no  perceptible  influence. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  DOMINIANUM,   Bchb.  /. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  202  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  88. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy  at  Exeter  from  Dendrobium  nobile  and  D. 
Linawianum,  and  named  in  compliment  to  him. 

188 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

DENDEOBIUM  x  DULCE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  214  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid  Review, 

1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

Raised  from  Dendrobium  Linawianum  and  D.  aureum,  the  former 
being  the  male  parent,  a  pretty  hybrid  with  rose-coloured  flowers. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  EDITHS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  337  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  aureum  and  D.  nobile  nobilius. 

DENDROBIUM  x  ENDOCHARIS,   Rchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  298  ;  Veitchs'  Man.   Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  88,  fig. ; 
V-eitchs'  Catlg.  1880,  p.  12,  fig. 

The  chaste  white  flowers,  with  their  delightful  perfume,  render  this 
one  of  the  most  admired  of  all  hybrid  Dendrobes ;  it  was  raised  from 
Dendrobium  japonicum  crossed  with  D.  aureum. 

DENDROBIUM  x  EUOSMUM,  Bchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1885,   vol.  xxiii.  p.  174;   Veitchs'   Man.   Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  89; 
Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  112. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  x  endocharis  and  D.  nobile. 

The  influence  of  the  pollen  parent  is  conspicuous  in  the  form  and  colour 
of  the  flower,  while  that  of  the  seed  parent — itself  a  hybrid — is  chiefly 
noticeable  from  a  delightful  fragrance. 

DENDROBIUM  x  EUOSMUM,   var.   LEUCOPTERUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  488. 

One  of  the  most  beautiful  hybrid  Dendrobes  yet  raised.  The  flowers  are 
white,  the  disc  of  the  lip  Indian-purple. 

DENDROBIUM  x  EUOSMUM,   var.   VIRGINALE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  337  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

The  flowers  of  this  form  are  pure  white  with  a  purple  blotch  at  the  base 
of  the  lip  :  one  of  the  finest  of  all  Dendrobes. 

DENDROBIUM  x  EURYALUS. 

Gard.  Chron.   1894,  vol.  xv.   p.   409  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Jour,  of 
Hort.  April  26th,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  142. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  nobile  and  D.  x  Ainsworthii,  the 
former  the  pollen  parent. 

The  flowers  have  the  general  shape  of  D.  nobile ;  the  sepals  and  petals 
are  light  rosy  purple,  the  lip  of  the  same  colour  with  a  large-feathered 
maroon  blotch  in  the  centre. 

189 


HORTUS   VEITCH1I 

DENDEOBIUM  x  EUEYCLJEA. 

Gard.   Chron.   1892,  vol.   xi.   p.   503   (Report   of   R.H.S.    Orchid   Committee);  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

Eaised  from  Dendrobium  lituiflorum  and  D.  Wardianum,  the  reverse  of 
the  cross  that  produced  D.  X  micans,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
1892,  but  now  probably  lost  to  cultivation. 

DENDKOBIUM  x  ILLUSTBE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  15,  fig.  4;  Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  243;  Jour, 
of  Hort.  1895,  June  27th,  pp.  561,  566,  fig.  99  ;  Gard.  Mag.  1895,  June  29th, 
p.  385,  fig. 

The  two  species  crossed  are  unusually  dissimilar  and  have  little  in 
common,  though  they  both  inhabit  Burmese  territory.  Dendrobium 
Dalhousieanum,  introduced  in  1837,  has  tall  terete  stems,  leafy  when 
young,  and  D.  chrysotoxum  clavate  pseudo-bulbs  with  a  few  leaves  at 
the  top.  In  the  hybrid  the  amalgamation  of  the  two  species  is  most 
distinctly  traceable. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  MENTOE. 

Gard.  Chron.   1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  580  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  189. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  primulinum  and  D.  superbum ;  a 
pretty  hybrid  with  light  rose-coloured  flowers. 


DENDEOBIUM  x  MICANS,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  332;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  89. 

Obtained  from  Dendrobium  Wardianum  crossed  with  D.  lituiflorum, 
and  a  very  interesting  hybrid  and  free  grower. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  NIOBE. 

Gard.  Chron.   1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  456  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid 

Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  146. 

From  Dendrobium  tortile  and  D.  nobile,  the  latter,  the  pollen  parent, 
very  much  influenced  the  colour  of  the  flowers ;  these  are  bright  rose- 
purple  and  the  lip  has  a  deep  maroon  disc  as  in  the  pollen  parent. 

DENDEOBIUM  x  OPHIE. 

Orchid  Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  100. 

Eaised  from  Dendrobium  aureum  and  D.  signatum,  the  former  being 
the  seed-bearer ;  the  flowers  are  of  a  charming  tone  of  yellow,  the  lip 
a  deeper  shade  of  colour  and  pubescent. 

190 


f-     H 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

DENDEOBIUM  x  PORPHYROGASTRUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  102  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  from  Dendrobium  Dalhousieanum  and  D.  Huttonii.     The  large 
flowers  are  a  curious  rosy  lilac  in  colour. 

DENDROBIUM  x  RHODOSTOMA,  Rchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  795 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  90. 

Exhibited  for  the  first  time  at  the  Brussels  Centennial  flower  show 
in  1876  ;  the  parents  are  Dendrobium  Huttonii  and  D.  sanguinolentum. 

DENDROBIUM  x  SPLENDIDISSIMUM,  Bchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  298 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  iii.  p.  91. 

Raised  by  crossing  Dendrobium  aureum  with  D.  nobile.  The  flowers 
are  of  firm  texture  and  glisten  as  if  varnished.  The  hybrid  first  flowered 
in  1879,  received  the  above  name  from  Reichenbach,  though  really  a 
variety  of  D.  Ainsworthii,  a  much  finer  form  is  known  as  grandiflora. 

DENDROBIUM  x  STRIATUM. 

Gard.  Chron.   1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  566   (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);   Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  358. 

A  curious  hybrid,  raised  by  Seden  from  Dendrobium  moniliforme 
crossed  with  D.  Dalhousieanum,  two  species  belonging  to  entirely  different 
groups. 

The  shield-like  lip  is  a  feature  of  the  flowers. 

DENDROBIUM  x  THWAITESLE,  VEITCHS'  var. 

Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxv.  p.  274,  with  fig. 

A  handsome  yellow-flowered  Dendrobe,  one  of  the  finest  in  cultivation, 
raised  at  Langley  from  Dendrobium  splendidissimum  grandiflorum  and 
D.  x  Wiganse,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1904. 

DENDROBIUM  x  VIRGINIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,    vol.  xv.   p.  343  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);    Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  171. 

The  first  hybrid  from  Dendrobium  Bensoniae  and  D.  moniliforme 
(japonicum).  The  flowers  are  a  lovely  clear  white  with  a  small  maroon 
spot  near  the  base  of  the  lip.  On  account  of  the  shortness  of  the 
internodes  the  pseudo-bulbs  are  quite  hidden  on  that  part  of  the  bulbs 
where  the  flowers  are  produced. 

191 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

DBNDEOBIUM  x  WAEDIANO-JAPONICUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  343  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  from  the  two  species  expressed  by  the  compound  name  ;  a  very 
pretty  and  delicately  coloured  hybrid. 

DIALvELIA   VEITCHII. 

Orchid  Review,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  115. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Diacrium  bicornutum  and 
Laelia  cinnabarina  as  seed  parent. 

The  flowers,  borne  in  the  same  manner  as  those  of  Diacrium,  measure 
some  2  in.  across,  have  narrow  segments,  white  tinged  with  lilac,  the 
younger  showing  a  slight  bronzy  tint;  this  remarkable  success  flowered  for 
the  first  time  in  March  1905. 

DISA  x  DIOEBS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  49  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid  Review, 

1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  239. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Disa  X  Veitchii  and  D.  grandiflora,  the  latter  one 
of  the  parents  of  D.  X  Veitchii. 

The  flowers  closely  approach  those  of  D.  grandiflora,  but  are  paler  in 
colour,  the  dorsal  sepal  being  nearly  white. 

DISA  x  LANGLEYENSIS,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  35,  fig.  5;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  202. 

A  hybrid  between  Disa  tripetaloides  and  D.  racemosa,  flowered  at 
Langley,  and  subsequently  at  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew. 

The  flowers,  of  a  beautiful  rose-pink  shade,  are  borne  in  racemes  of  ten 
to  twelve  and  more. 

DISA  x  LUNA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  314  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
The  parents  of  this  hybrid  are  Disa  racemosa  and  D.  x  Veitchii,  the 
first  named  being  one  of  the  parents  of  the  latter.  In  size  the  flowers 
exceed  those  of  D.  racemosa,  and  are  bright  rose-purple  in  colour;  the 
interior  of  the  flower  is  whitish  with  a  slight  tint  of  rose  and  a  network 
of  purple. 

DISA  x  VEITCHII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  93,  fig.  14;  The  Garden,  1892,  vol.  xlii.  p.  408,  pi.  882; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Disa  hybr.  pi.  1. 

One  of  the  first  and  one  of  the  best  hybrids  in  the  genus  from  Disa 
grandiflora  and  D.  racemosa. 

The  flowers,  rose-purple  with  dark  crimson  and  yellow  markings  in  the 
centre,  last  long  in  perfection.  Shown  for  the  first  time  in  flower  in 
London  on  June  9th  1891. 

192 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

EPICATTLEYA  GUATEMALBNSIS,  Rolfe. 

Syns.  Cattleya  x  Guatemalensis,  Veitch. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  491,  in  List  of  Garden  Orchids;  PI.  Mag.  1861, 
t.  61 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  86. 

A  remarkable  hybrid  sent  from  Guatemala  by  Mr.  G.  Ure-Skinner,  who 
found  it  with  Cattleya  Skinneri  and  Epidendrum  aurantiacum  on  the  stem 
of  the  same  tree ;  and  it  may  be  assumed  that  this  plant  is  a  natural 
bigeneric  hybrid  of  the  two  species  with  which  it  was  found. 

EPICATTLEYA  MATUTINA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  210  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Gard.  Chron. 
1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  232,  fig.  77,  p.  233 ;  Orchid  Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  110. 

Eaised  from  Epidendrum  radicans  and  Cattleya  Bowringiana.  The 
plant  has  much  the  same  habit  as  E.  radicans,  even  to  the  air-root-bearing 
characteristic,  and  the  base  of  the  stem  shows  a  tendency  to  thicken, 
but  there  is  little  evidence  of  the  Cattleya. 

The  flowers  are  some  2  in.  in  diameter,  yellow  in  colour,  tinged  with 
vermilion. 

EPICATTLEYA  MES  JAMES  O'BKIEN,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxv.  p.  31  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee),  fig.  11,  p.  37. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Epidendrum  x  O'Brienianum  and  Cattleya 
Bowringiana  ;  a  brilliant  coloured  plant. 

EPICATTLEYA  EADIO-BOWEINGIANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  385  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  id.  p.  391, 
fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1898,  vol.  vi.  p.  198. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  from  Epidendrum  radiatum  and  Cattleya  Bowringiana 
with  the  habit  of  Epidendrum  radiatum,  with  ovoid,  flattish  pseudo-bulbs ; 
rosy  purple  flowers,  and  a  lip  of  a  deeper  tint. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  CLAEISSA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  239  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  j  id.  1901, 

vol.  xxix.  p.  242. 

Eaised  from  Epidendrum  x  elegantulum  and  E.  Wallisii.  The  flowers, 
sepals  and  petals  white  with  reddish  markings ;  the  lip  violet  with  white 
at  the  base  and  along  the  margin. 

The  variety  superba,  with  blooms  of  a  darker  shade  and  bolder  spots, 
is  a  superior  form  of  the  type. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  ELEGANTULUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xix.  p.  361,  fig.  49 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1896,  March  16th,  p.  251, 
fig.  46 ;  Orchid  Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  pp.  108  and  124 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees, 
Epidendrum  hybr.  pi.  1. 

A  hybrid  raised  from  Epidendrum  x  Endresio-Wallisii  and  E.  Wallisii. 

193 


HORTUS  VEITCHII 

EPIDENDEUM  x  ELEGANTULUM,  var.  AUEEUM. 

Orchid  Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  108. 

A  paler  coloured  form  of  the  type  in  which  the  sepals  and  petals  are 
entirely  light  yellow  and  the  disc  of  the  lip  nearly  half  red-purple  in 
radiating  lines. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  ELEGANTULUM,  var.  LEUCOCHILUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  238  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Epidendrum  hybr.  pi.  la. 

A  variety  of  the  type  with  yellow  sepals  and  petals  and  a  pronounced 
pure  white  lip. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  ENDEESIO-WALLISII,  Hort.  Bolfe. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  104;  Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  88  (Report  of  R.H.S. 

Orchid  Committee). 

A  hybrid  obtained  by  crossing  two  species  widely  different  in  size  and 
appearance. 

The  pollen  parent  is  the  rare  and  lovely  Epidendrum  Endresii,  a  native 
of  Costa  Eica,  few  plants  of  which  have  been  imported  alive  ;  the  seed 
parent  is  E.  Wallisii,  from  the  Frontino  district  of  New  Grenada. 

The  flowers  from  different  plants  vary  considerably  in  colour,  and  are 
about  1  in.  in  diameter  and  most  freely  produced. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  LANGLEYENSE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxv.  p.  402  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  at  Langley  from  Epidendrum  Pseudepidendrum  and  E.  Wallisii, 
the  latter  being  the  seed  parent. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  O'BEIENIANUM,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  771,  with  figs. ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi. 
p.  128,  with  figs,  reproduced ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Epidendrum  hybr.  pi.  2. 

Eaised  and  first  flowered  in  the  spring  of  the  year  1888,  the  first 
artificially  produced  hybrid  in  the  genus  to  be  raised  in  this  country. 

The  species  used  as  parents  were  Epidendrum  erectum  and  E.  radicans, 
and  the  hybrid  shows  fairly  intermediate  characters. 

It  was  named  in  compliment  to  Mr.  James  O'Brien,  a  well-known 
authority  on  Orchidaceous  Plants. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  EADICO-VITELLINUM,  O'Brien. 

J.  O'Brien  in  Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  16;  Orchid  Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  314. 

Eaised  from  the  two  species  expressed  by  the  name,  and  of  slender 
growth,  the  root-bearing  stems,  furnished  with  alternate  leaves.  The 
evidence  of  the  mother  is  seen  in  the  soft  green  tint  and  slightly  glaucous 

194 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

hue  of  the  stems  and  leaves,  the  former  having  a  slight  tendency  to 
enlarge  at  the  nodes. 

The  flowers,  on  erect  stems  some  6  in.  in  length,  are  yellow,  tinged  with 
scarlet  on  the  margin  of  the  trilobed  lip. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  EADICO-STAMFOEDIANUM. 

Orchid  Eeview,  1898,  vol.  vi.  p.  198. 

Eaised  at  Langley  from  the  two  species  indicated  by  the  name,  and  the 
first  artificially  raised  hybrid  in  which  Epidendrum  Stamfordianum 
participated. 

In  habit  and  inflorescence  it  resembles  the  pollen  parent,  E.  radicans, 
and  the  influence  of  E.  Stamfordianum  is  clearly  seen  in  the  shape  of 
the  flowers. 

EPIDENDEUM  x  WALLISIO-CILIAEE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  730 ;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  14. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  the  two  species  expressed  by  the  compound 
name,  Epidendrum  ciliare  being  the  seed-bearer.  This  singular-looking 
hybrid  has  yellow  sepals  and  petals,  and  a  white  lip  delicately  fringed 
along  the  margin,  with  four  or  five  short  radiating  maroon-purple  lines 
on  either  side  of  the  deep  yellow  crest.  The  influence  of  the  seed  parent 
is  seen  in  the  shape  of  the  leaves,  segments  and  the  fimbriation  of  the  lip. 

EPIL^LIA   EADICO-PUEPUEATA,  O'Brien. 

O'Brien  in  Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  61,  fig.  p.  83;  Orchid  Review,  1897,  vol.  v. 

pp.  232,  273,  fig.  12. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  from  Epidendrum  radicans  and  Laelia  purpurata, 
the  former  the  pollen  plant. 

The  hybrid  resembles  the  male  plant  in  habit,  having  erect,  reed-like 
stems,  which  produce  aerial  roots.  The  flowers  are  2  in.  in  diameter, 
rich  orange-scarlet,  with  a  lemon-yellow  lip  broadly  margined  with  light 
reddish-purple. 

The  influence  of  the  female  parent  is  seen  in  the  dwarf  habit,  the 
nearly  entire  lip,  and  in  the  modified  colour. 

EPIPHEONITIS  VEITCHII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  799  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Watson's 
Orchids,  new  edit.  1903,  p.  348,  col.  pi. ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  116 ; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Epiphronitis,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  obtained  by  crossing  Epidendrum  radicans  with 
Sophronitis  grandiflora,  the  latter  being  the  seed  parent.  The  two  plants 
used  as  parents  are  totally  distinct  in  habit,  the  one  being  but  a  few 
inches  high  and  the  other  as  many  feet.  In  the  hybrid  the  pollen  parent 
greatly  preponderates,  but  the  stems  are  only  about  1  ft.  or  1£  ft.  high. 

195 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  flowers  are  increased  in  size  and  have  a  dash  of  crimson  added  in 
the  sepals  and  petals ;  the  disc  of  the  lip  is  also  more  yellow,  clear  cut 
and  spathulate  in  form. 

GOODYEEA  x  VEITCHII. 

Williams'  Orch.  Man.  ed.  7,  p.  412. 

Raised  by  John  Dominy  from  Goodyera  discolor  and  Ancectochims 
Veitchii ;  a  bigeneric  hybrid  of  great  botanical  interest. 

L^BLIA  x  CLIO. 

Syns.  Brassolcelia  Clio. 
Orchid  Eeview,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  86. 

A  hybrid  between  Laelia  (Brassavola)  glauca  and  L.  cinnabarina,  raised 
by  Seden  at  Langley  and  first  flowered  in  January  1902. 

The  flowers  are  light  reddish-buff  in  colour,  and  in  form  fairly  inter- 
mediate between  those  of  the  two  parents. 

LJELIA  x  DIGBYANO-PUEPUEATA. 

Syns.  Brassolmlia  Veitchii. 
Orchid  Review,  1899,  vol.  vii.  p.  31 ;  id.  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  85. 

An  interesting  and  striking  hybrid  raised  from  Laelia  (Brassavola) 
Digbyana  and  L.  purpurata. 

The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  last-named  parent  in  shape,  the  sepals 
and  petals  are  white,  and  the  front  of  the  lip  is  purple. 

LAELIA  x  DIGBYANO-PUEPUEATA,  var.  KING    EDWAED   VII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  pp.  206,  207,  fig.  68,  also  suppl.  col.  pi.  p.  413. 

A  very  fine  form  with  an  enormous  lip,  sepals  and  petals  white  in 
colour,  slightly  tinged  with  rose,  the  lip  primrose-yellow,  veined  with 
bright  rose-purple  markings  and  delicately  fringed. 

LAELIA  x  EDISSA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  143. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  anceps  and  L.  purpurata. 
The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  first-named  species,  but  are  larger ; 
the  lip  is  rich  purple. 

L^LIA  x  EUTEEPE,  Rolfe. 

Eolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  s.  3,  p.  533. 

An  interesting  little  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana 
and  L.  crispa. 

196 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

L^ELIA  x  PLAMMEA,  EcU.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1874,  p.   599;    id.  1876,  p.  394;    PL  and  Pom.  1874,  p.   133; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  96. 

This,  one  of  the  most  beautiful  of  all  hybrid  Laelias,  is,  as  regards 
colour,  unique  even  among  orchids,  and  was  raised  from  Lselia  cinna- 
barina  crossed  with  L.  x  Pilcheriana. 

LSELIA  x  FLA  VINA. 

Orchid  Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  147. 

A  pretty  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  and  L.  flava ;  the 
flowers,  of  good  size,  are  primrose-yellow  in  colour,  with  an  orange- 
coloured  disc  to  the  lip. 

L^ELIA  x  LATONA. 

Jour,  of  Hort.  1892,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  353,  fig.;  Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  598  (Report 
of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  14;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees,  Laslia  hybr.  pi.  3. 

A  very  beautiful  and  much  appreciated  hybrid  raised  from  Lselia  cin- 
nabarina  and  L.  purpurata. 

The  colour  of  the  flowers,  distinct  and  unusual,  is  a  uniform  orange- 
yellow;  the  lip,  scarcely  lobed,  being  deep  red-purple  with  an  orange- 
coloured  border. 

L^LIA  x  MES.   M.   GKATEIX. 

Syns.  Brassolfelia  Gratrixix,  Rolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxix.  p.  17,  fig.  5.  ;  Orchid  Review,  1899,  vol.  vii.  pp.  349,  351 ; 
1902,  vol.  x.  p.  85 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Laelia  hybr.  pi.  10. 

A  hybrid  between  Laelia  cinnabarina  and  L.  Digbyana,  first  flowered 
in  October  1899  :  the  flowers  are  a  beautiful  orange-yellow,  and  the  lip 
has  the  fringe  peculiar  to  L.  Digbyana. 

KELIA  x  OMEN. 
Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  667  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  purpurata  and  L.  autumnalis,  with  flowers 
of  singular  appearance  and  of  a  light  rose  colour,  close  in  form  to  those  of 
L.  autumnalis. 

L^ILIA  x  PILCHEEIANA,  Bckb. 

Rchb.   in  Gard.   Chron.  1868,   p.   815;    PL  Mag.   t.    340;    Veitchs'  Man.    Orch.    PL 

pt.  ii.  p.  96. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  John  Dominy  from  Laelia  crispa  and  L.  Perrinii, 
flowered  for  the  first  time  in  March  1867,  and  named  in  honour  of 
Mr.  Pilcher,  formerly  gardener  to  Sigismund  Eucker,  Esq.,  a  successful 
cultivator  of  orchids. 

197  o 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

L^LIOCATTLEYA   AMESIANA. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  Amesiana,  Echb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  109  ;    Orchid  Album,  vi.  t.  253  ;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  94. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea,  and  dedicated  to  the  late  Hon.  F.  L.  Ames,  of  North 
Easton,  Massachusetts,  formerly  one  of  the  most  liberal  patrons  of  horti- 
culture in  America,  and  the  owner  of  an  unusually  choice  collection  of 
plants. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA    ASCANIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  518  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);    Jour,  of 
Hort.  May  4th,  1893,  p.  351,  fig.  65  ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  167. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Lselia  xanthina  and  Cattleya  Trianse.  The 
flowers  are  much  like  C.  labiata  in  shape,  but  are  smaller.  The 
sepals  are  sulphur-yellow  in  colour,  the  petals  much  broader,  and  white 
with  a  tinge  of  sulphur-yellow,  the  lips  similar  in  colour  but  that  the  front 
lobe  is  rich  crimson. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA    AUBOEA,  Rol/e. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  380. 

A  hybrid  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana  and  Cattleya  Loddigesii,  raised 
from  seed  sown  in  1882,  and  first  flowered  in  October  1889. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA    BELLA. 

Syns.  LceUa  X  bella,  Rchb.  f. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.   Chron.   1889,  vol.  vi.   p.  78 (List  of  Garden  Orchids);  Rchb.  in  Gard. 
Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  174 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  94. 

The  fortunate  result  of  crossing  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  labiata 
vera,  the  reverse  of  the  cross  which  produced  Laeliocattleya  Antigone. 

At  the  time  of  flowering,  this  beautiful  hybrid  was  unsurpassed  by  any 
of  its  class. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA   CALLISTOGLOSSA,  Rolfe. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  callistoglossa,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  76  ;  Orchid  Album,  t.  235  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 
PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  94,  fig.  ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Laeliocattleya,  hybr.  pi.  8. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  Warscewiczii. 
The  gorgeous  lip  of  this  hybrid  is  scarcely  equalled  in  colour  by  any  of 
the  species  belonging  to  the  grand  race  of  orchids  from  which  it  is  derived. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA  CALLISTOGLOSSA,   var.    IGNESCENS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.   xviii.   p.   588  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);    Veitchs' 

Catlg.  of  PI.  1899,  fig.  p.  9. 

This  variety  is  the  result  of  another  cross  from  the  same  species  that 

198 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

produced  the   type,    but   finer    varieties   were    used,    and    the    progeny 
improved  in  all  its  parts. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA    CALOGLOSSA. 

Syns.  L<elia  X  caloglossa,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  139 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  94. 
Eaised  by  John  Dominy  from  Cattleya  labiata  vera  crossed  with  either 
Laelia  crispa  or  L.  Boothiana  (lobata). 

LAELIOCATTLEYA  CANHAMIANA. 

Syns.  Lalia  X  Canhamiana,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  6 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  95 ;  Flora 

and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  376. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  from  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  Mossiae,  and  named 
after  Charles  Canham,  a  well-known  grower  of  a  former  generation. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA  CASSANDEA. 

Syns.  Cattleya  X  Cassandra,  Rolfe. 
Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  p.  596 ;  id.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  529. 

A  hybrid,  raised  by  Seden  by  crossing  Cattleya  Loddigesii  with  the 
pollen  of  one  of  the  forms  of  Laeliocattleya  elegans,  the  latter  itself  a 
natural  hybrid  between  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  guttata  Leopoldii. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  CASSIOPE,  Eolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  620. 

Eaised  from  Laelia  pumila  and  Laeliocattleya  exoniensis,  the  fourth  of 
a  series  of  bigeneric  hybrids  with  Laelia  pumila  as  one  parent.  The  seed 
was  sown  in  1881,  and  the  first  flowers  produced  in  November  1889, 
proving  of  little  interest. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA  CLONIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  511  (Report   of   R.H.S.   Orchid   Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  373 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Laeliocattleya  hybr.  pi.  12. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laeliocattleya  elegans  Turneri  and  Cattleya 
Warscewiczii.  The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  last-named,  and  the 
front  lobe  of  the  lip  is  broad,  circular  and  undulated. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA  CLONIA,  var.  SUPEEBA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  421,  fig. 

An  improved  form  of  the  type,  with  a  very  much  richer  and  broader  lip. 

199 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

LJELIOCATTLEYA  COENBLIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  692  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  from  Lselia  pumila  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  Cattleya  labiata. 
L^LIOCATTLEYA  COEONIS. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  23  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  from  Cattleya  labiata  and  Laelia  cinnabarina.     The  flowers  are 
copper-yellow  in  colour  with  a  purple  lip. 

LjELIOCATTLEYA   CYBELE. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  156. 

A  handsome  hybrid  from  Laeliocattleya  Schilleriana  and  Cattleya  Trianae, 
with  lavender-tinted  sepals  and  petals,  a  bright  crimson-purple  lip, 
primrose-yellow  at  the  disc  passing  to  white  at  the  base. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA  DECIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  699,  fig.  89;   Jour,  of  Hort.  1895,  Feb.  14th,  pp.  130,  131, 

fig.  21. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Dowiana  aurea  and  Laelia  Perrinii. 
LJELIOCATTLEYA   DECIA,   var.   ALBA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,   vol.  xx.  p.  667  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  id.   1897, 

vol.  xxi.  p.  120,  fig.  34. 

The  sepals  and  petals  of  this  variety  are  pure  white,  and  the  lip  has  an 
indescribable  silvery  white  tracery  on  a  delicate  rose-pink  ground.  It  was 
adjudged  the  best  hybrid  orchid  of  the  year  in  1896. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA  DIGBYANO-MENDELII,   VEITCHS'  var. 

Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxx.  p.  204,  fig.  63,  p.  207;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1901,  vol.  xliii.  pp.  237, 
239,  fig. ;  Gard.  Mag.  1901,  pp.  594,  597,  fig. 

The  parentage  of  this  fine  hybrid  is  expressed  by  the  compound  name. 
It  differs  from  other  varieties  of  the  same  class  in  having  larger  flowers  of 
uniform  purplish-rose,  and  not  the  usual  pallid  whitish  colour ;  the  lip, 
3  in.  wide,  is  of  a  reddish  tinge,  the  disc  yellow. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   DIGBYANO-MOSSLE. 

Syns.  Brassocattleya  Veitchii,  Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  742,  fig.   Ill ;  id.   1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.   161,  fig. 
reproduced;  Orchid  Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  83 ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  264. 

The  product  of  a  cross,  as  its  name  implies,  between  Laelia  (Brassa- 
vola)  Digbyana  and  Cattleya  Mossiae,  raised  by  Seden,  and  flowered  for 
the  first  time  in  May  1889,  when  the  plant  was  seven  years  old.  It  is 
still  one  of  the  very  choice  and  rare  of  this  group. 

200 


L^LIOCATTLEYA     DOMIN1ANA     LANGLEYENSIS 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

L^LIOCATTLEYA  DIGBYANO-TEIAN^E. 

Syns.  Brassocattleya  Sedenii,  Bolfe. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  9,  fig.  3  ;  Orchid  Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  132;  id.  1902, 

vol.  x.  p.  84. 

A  hybrid  from  the  two  fine  species  expressed  by  the  name.  In  colour 
a  bright  rose-pink  with  the  throat  of  the  frayed  lip  buff-yellow  passing 
into  light  yellow  inside  the  rose-pink  margin,  the  basal  half  of  the  disc 
veined  with  reddish-purple. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   DOMINI  AN  A. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  Dominiana,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.   1878,  vol.  x.  p.  332;  Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  325;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  95. 

Eaised  by  Dominy  from  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  Dowiana. 
L^ELIOCATTLEYA   DOMINIANA,  var.  LANGLEYENSIS. 

The  Garden,  1899,  vol.  Ivi.  p.  142,  pi.  1236. 

Eaised  at  Langley  from  Laelia  purpurata  and  Cattleya  Dowiana,  and 
a  beautiful  interesting  hybrid,  as  it  clears  up  the  uncertainty  which 
previously  existed  as  to  the  origin  of  Laeliocattleya  Dominiana,  one  of 
the  early  hybrids  raised  without  a  record  by  John  Dominy. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA  EPICASTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  342  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Jour,  of 
Hort.  1895,  April  25th,  pp.  358,  364,  fig.  60;  Gard.  Mag.  1895,  May  4th,  p.  261,  fig. 

Obtained  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  and  Cattleya  Warscewiczii. 


L^LIOCATTLEYA  EUMCEA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  21. 

The  first  result  of  many  attempts  to  cross  the  Mexican  Laelias  with 
the  South  American  Cattleyas.  Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Trianae 
and  Laelia  majalis,  the  flowers  smaller  than  those  of  the  Cattleya  parent, 
have  much  the  same  shape,  and  the  influence  of  the  Laelia  is  seen  in  the 
colour  and  in  certain  slight  modifications  in  the  form. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA  EUDOEA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1899,  p.  18. 

A  superb  hybrid,  the  offspring  of  Cattleya  Mendelli  and  Laelia  purpu- 
rata, with  flowers  between  7  in.  to  8  in.  in  diameter  :  one  of  the  finest  of 
all  the  Lseliocattleyas. 

201 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

L^LIOCATTLEYA  EUNOMIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  307  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid 
Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  292. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana  and  Cattleya  Gaskelliana, 
and  fairly  intermediate  in  shape,  but  on  the  whole  most  resembling  the 
pollen  parent,  C.  Gaskelliana. 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  bright  lilac-rose,  the  lip  amethyst-purple  with 
two  small  yellow  blotches  on  the  disc. 

L^BLIOCATTLEYA  EUPHBOSYNE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  527  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  from   Laelia  pumila  Dayana  and  Cattleya  Warscewiczii ;  the 
flowers  large  and  well  formed,  light  rose-colour,  with  a  bright  purple  lip 
with  a  central  primrose -yellow  disc. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA  EXIMIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  800  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee);  Lindenia, 

t.  386. 

Noteworthy  as  the  first  of  a  series  of  Cattleya  Warneri  crossed  with 
Laelia  purpurata.  The  flowers  are  highly  coloured  and  the  lip  extremely 
handsome. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA    EXONIENSIS. 

Syns.  Cattleya  x  exoniensis. 

Rolfe  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiv.  p.  169  ;  Fl.  Mag.  1866,  t.  269;  Gard.  Chron.  1867, 
p.  1144 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  95. 

One  of  Dominy's  earliest  and  most  successful  efforts,  and,  at  the  time 
of  its  introduction  the  most  beautiful  of  the  noble  race  to  which  it  belongs  ; 
the  parents  were  probably  Laelia  crispa  and  Cattleya  Mossiae. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   FAUSTA,  Eolfe. 

Syns.  Cattleya  X  Fausta,  Rchb. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  619;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  289,  figs, 
p.  290;  The  Garden,  1873,  vol.  iv.  p.  435,  fig. ;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  189;  Veitchs'  Man. 
Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  90. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  a  cross  between  Cattleya  Loddigesii  and 
Laeliocattleya  exoniensis,  but  no  great  improvement  on  the  parents. 

There  are  several  varieties,  which  differ  somewhat  in  colour,  distin- 
guished by  the  names  aurea,  bella,  crispa,  and  delicata. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   FELIX. 
Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  68  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  96. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy,  probably  from  Cattleya  Schilleriana  crossed 
with  Laelia  crispa  :  a  poor  thing. 

202 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID    HYBRIDS 

LJELIOCATTLEYA    HIPPOLYTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  398  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Diet.  Ic.  des 
Orchidees  Lseliocattleya,  hybr.  pi.  12. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  cinnabarina  and  Cattleya  Mossiae,  the 
latter  the  seed-bearer ;  the  hybrid  combines  in  a  happy  manner  the 
characters  of  the  two  species. 

KELIOCATTLEYA  ILLIONE. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.   367 ;  Gard.   Chron.   1901,  vol.  xxx.   p.  401  (Report  of 

R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and  Laeliocattleya  Dominiana 
Langleyensis,  one  of  the  best  of  the  Cattleya  Bowringiana  crosses,  the 
flowers  being  large  and  finely  formed,  of  a  bright,  dark  rosy  purple,  with 
a  rosy  red  labellum. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA    ISIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  rviii.  p.  467. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  x  Marstersoniae  and  Laelia  pumila,  the  former 
being  the  pollen  parent. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA    KING    OF    SPAIN. 

Orchid  Review,  1905,  vol.  xiii.  p.  211. 

A  fine  hybrid  of  unrecorded  parentage,  but  probably  derived  from  Laelio- 
cattleya Digbyano-Mossiae  and  some  Cattleya  of  the  labiata  group.  The 
lip,  the  most  attractive  feature,  is  of  large  size,  beautifully  crisped,  rich 
purple-crimson  in  colour  with  a  yellow  throat. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA   LACUSTA. 

Orchid  Review,  1898,  vol.  vi.  p.  41. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  bicolor  and  Laelia  harpophylla.  The  flowers  are 
intermediate  in  shape  and  colour ;  the  sepals  and  petals  orange-yellow, 
the  side  lobes  of  the  lip  white,  and  the  front  lobe  scarlet-crimson  extending 
down  the  disc. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA   LADY    EOTHSCHILD. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1896,  p.  8  ;  Orchid  Review,  1895,  p.  353. 
A  lovely  hybrid  raised  by  crossing  Cattleya  Warscewiczii  and  Laelia 
Perrinii,  the  latter  being  the  seed  parent. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA    LEUCOGLOSSA. 

Syns.  Cattleya  x  leucoglossa. 
Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  357. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Loddigesii  and  Laeliocattleya  Fausta. 

203 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA    LEUCOGLOSSA,   var.   BELLA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  43. 

The  typical  form  has  rose-pink  sepals  and  petals,  and  a  white  lip  with 
some  yellow  in  the  throat.  The  variety  bella  differs  in  having  the  front 
lobe  of  the  lip  dull  violet-purple. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA   LUCILIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxv.  p.  403  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Kaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Dowiana  and  Lseliocattleya  Schilleriana. 
The  flowers  are  cream-white  tipped  with  purple ;  the  lip  yellow  veined  in 
front  with  purple. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  MAEDELLI. 

Syns.  Cattleya  X  Mardelli,  Rchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  234;  PI.  Mag.  1881,  pi.  437 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch. 

PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  91. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Lueddemanniana  and  Lseliocattleya 
elegans,  and  of  no  great  interest. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA  MONA. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Schroderse  and  Lselia  flava.  The  flowers  are  self- 
coloured  throughout,  pure  yellow,  of  a  similar  shade  to  that  of  Cattleya 
flava,  but  larger. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA   MYEA. 

Gard.  Chron.   1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.   337  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid    Committee)  ;  Orchid 
Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  103 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Laeliocattleya,  hybr.  pi.  10. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Trianse  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  Lselia 
flava :  the  flowers  are  creamy  yellow  with  a  sulphur-yellow  disc  to  the  lip, 
marked  with  reddish  veins. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA   NOVELTY. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  Novelty. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  288;  Gard.  Mag.  Aug.  26th,  1893,  pp.  530,  531,  fig. 

Eaised  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana  and  Lseliocattleya  elegans,  but  a 
similar  hybrid  had  previously  been  raised  by  Dr.  Harris  of  Lamberhurst, 
and  neither  had  any  great  beauty. 

L^BLIOCATTLEYA  NYSA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  342  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  307;  id.  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  349;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894, 
Jan.  10th,  fig.  ;  id.  1900,  vol.  xli.  p.  329,  fig.  91 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Lzelio- 
cattleya  hybr.  pi.  1. 

Eaised  from  Lselia  crispa  and  Cattleya  Warscewiczii,  this  hybrid  varies 

204 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

considerably,  and  several  seedlings  have  been  named,  such  as  superba, 
picta,  and  purpurea  (as  their  names  indicate),  differing  from  the  type 
in  size,  marking  and  colour  of  the  flowers.  The  typical  form  is  a  light 
rosy-mauve  with  the  front  lobe  of  the  lip  deep  purple-crimson,  but  the 
variety  superba  is  one  of  the  finest  products  of  orchid  hybridizing. 

LvELIOCATTLEYA   OPHIE. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  350. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Lselia  xanthina  and  Cattleya  Dowiana  aurea,  a 
striking  plant  with  flowers  with  yellow  sepals  and  petals  and  a  tawny 
purple  lip. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA  OEPHEUS. 

Syns.  Brassocattleya  Orpheus. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,   vol.    xxxi.  p.   50   (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 

Review,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  85. 

This  most  interesting  cross,  obtained  from  Laelia  (Brassavola)  glauca 
and  Cattleya  Trianae  alba,  is  fairly  intermediate  in  character,  having 
white  sepals  slightly  tinged  with  pink  and  white  petals  and  a  lip  blotched 
with  a  yellow  disc. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  PALLAS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  pp.  620,  701  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee); 
Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  21 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  18,  fig. ;  Rev. 
de  1'Hort.  Beige,  1897,  p.  130,  fig.  22  ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Lseliocattleya 
hybr.  pi.  9. 

Eaised  from  Laelia  crispa  and  Cattleya  Dowiana ;  an  exceptionally  fine 
hybrid,  and  none  are  finer  than  the  variety  superba,  exhibited  for  the  first 
time  in  December  1889. 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  very  pale  yellow  suffused  with  light  blush 
pink ;  the  lip  deep  rose-purple,  undulated  and  crisped,  with  a  rich  golden 
yellow  throat. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA  PAEYSATIS. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  310. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  crossed  with  the  pollen  of 
Lselia  pumila,  from  seed  sown  in  1888 ;  the  plants  first  flowered  in  1893. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  PHILBEICKIANA. 

Syns.  Ltelia  X  Philbrickiana,  Rchb.  f. 
Rchb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  102;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  96. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Aclandise  and  Laelia  elegans  and  dedicated  to  the 
late  Judge  Philbrick,  of  Oldfield,  Bickley. 

205 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  PISANDEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.   xiv.  p.  536  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;    Jour,  of 
Hort.  Nov.  2nd,  1893,  pp.  394,  407,  fig.  60;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  374. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Eldorado  and  Laelia  crispa.  The  flowers  are  of  a 
beautiful  rose-purple  with  a  deep  velvety  purple  lip. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   PEOSEEPINE,   Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  352;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Laeliocattleya  hybr. 

pi.  2. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana  and  Cattleya 
velutina,  from  seed  sown  in  1883  and  flowered  in  August  1890. 

L^BLIOCATTLEYA  QUEEN   ALEXANDEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  116;  Supp.  col.  fig.  p.  413. 

A  very  beautiful  hybrid  Laeliocattleya  raised  by  Seden  from  Lseliocattleya 
bella  and  Cattleya  Trianae,  with  sepals  and  petals  of  an  intense  rosy  lilac, 
and  a  lip  deep  ruby-purple  with  an  orange-coloured  disc.  The  petals  are 
very  broad  and  well  displayed. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA  EEMULA. 
Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  228. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Aclandise  and  Laelia  tenebrosa,  the  latter  the  pollen 
parent. 

The  flowers  favour  those  of  the  Cattleya  parent  in  shape;  the  sepals 
and  petals  of  a  coppery  yellow  tint,  unspotted,  the  lip  a  light  purple  with 
the  side-lobes  and  disc  nearly  white. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA  EOSALIND. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  2,  fig.  1  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  January  21st,  fig.  16. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Trianae  and  Laeliocattleya  Dominiana. 

The  sepals  are  French-white  ;  the  broad  petals  silvery  white  with  a 
delicate  tinge  of  rose-pink ;  the  lip  is  rich  yellow  at  the  base  with  clear, 
white  veining,  the  side  lobes  rosy  purple,  the  front  with  a  large  rich  purple 
blotch. 

LJELIOCATTLEYA   SEDENII,   Bchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  424;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  97. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  superba  and  Laeliocattleya  elegans,  and  named  by 
Professor  Eeichenbach  in  compliment  to  the  raiser ;  it  is  doubtful  if  this 
plant  still  exists. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA   SEMIEAMIS. 

Gard.   Chron.   1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  588  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  id.  1901, 

vol.  xxx.  p.  401. 

Eaised  from  Laelia  Perrinii  and  Cattleya  Gaskelliana.  The  variety 
superba  is  the  showiest  of  all  the  Perrinii  hybrids. 

206 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   STATTEEIANA. 

Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  21 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  for  1895,  p.  7. 
Kaised   from   the   autumn-flowering   Laelia   Perrinii   crossed   with   the 
pollen  of  Cattleya  labiata  vera. 

The  purple  front  lobe  of  the  lip  with  its  milk-white  disc  offers  a 
remarkable  contrast,  and  is  a  marked  characteristic  of  the  flower. 

L^LIOCATTLEYA   STELLA,    Rolfe. 

Eolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  322. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  crispa  and  Laeliocattleya  elegans  Wolsten- 
holmiae  from  seed  sown  in  1881 ;  the  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
July  1889. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA   TIMOKJE,  N.  E.  Brown. 
N.  E.  Brown,  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  428 ;  Orchid  Eeview,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  255. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Laelia  pumila  Dayana,  and  Cattleya  Luedde- 
manniana,  and  of  no  great  interest. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA  TIEESIAS. 

Orchid  Eeview,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  15. 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  Laelio- 
cattleya elegans. 

The  flowers  resemble  those  of  the  seed  parent,  the  sepals  and  petals 
being  rose-purple  with  a  rich  crimson-purple  lip  white  at  the  base. 

KELIOCATTLEYA   TEIOPHTHALMA. 

Syns.  Laelia  x  triophthalma,  Cattleya  x  triophtlialma,  Echb. 

Eolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol.  ix.  p.  802 ;  vol.  x.  p.  155;  Orchid  Eeview,  1893,  vol.  i. 
p.  101 ;  id.  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  40 ;  Echb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  526 ; 
Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  97. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  superba  and  the  beautiful  hybrid  Laelio 
cattleya  exoniensis.  The  colouring  of  the  disc  gives  a  tripartite  appear- 
ance suggesting  the  name. 

The  sepals  and  petals  are  blush.pink,  the  side-lobes  of  the  lip  the  same 
colour  as  the  sepals,  but  inside  suffused  and  veined  with  rose. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA   TYDEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  210  (Eeport  of  E.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid 
Eeview,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  95 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  March  8th,  p.  181,  fig.  30. 

Eaised  from  Laelia  pumila  and  Cattleya  Trianse.  The  flowers  are  of  a 
deep  tint  of  rosy  purple,  and  bear  a  resemblance  to  the  first-named 
parent. 

207 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

L^LIOCATTLEYA   VACUNA. 

Orchid  Eeview,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  119. 

A  hybrid  from  Cattleya  guttata  and  Lselia  cinnabarina. 
The   flowers    are    pale  yellow  with    the   front    lobe    of    the   lip   deep- 
crimson-purple. 

L^ILIOCATTLEYA  VBITCHIANA,  Eolfe. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  Veitchiana,  Rchb.  Cattleya  X  Veitchiana,  Hort. 

Kolfe   in  Jour.   Linn.    Soc.  vol.  xxiv.  p.   169 ;    Echb.   in  Gard.  Chron.   1874,    p.  566 ; 
PI.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  305  ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  97. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Dominy  from  Cattleya  labiata  vera  with  Lselia  crispa, 
and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  March  1874,  when  sixteen  years  old ; 
exhibited  before  the  Floral  Committee  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society, 
it  was  awarded  a  First  Class  Certificate. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA   VICTOBIA,  Eolfe. 

Syns.  Lcelia  X  Victoria,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  156  (Rolfe's  List  of  Garden  Orchids) ;  Gard.  Chron.  1888, 
vol.  iv.  p.  578  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Gard.  and  For.  1888,  p.  495. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Lselia  crispa  and  the  beautiful  Lseliocattleya 
Dominiana,  a  hybrid  with  the  richest  colouring  possible ;  it  passed  to  the 
collection  of  Baron  Schroder,  who  first  exhibited  it  in  flower  before  the 
Eoyal  Horticultural  Society. 

L^ELIOCATTLEYA  VIOLETTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  115  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  from  Cattleya  Gaskelliana  and  Laslia  purpurata.  The  flowers 
have  the  Cattleya  form  with  the  rich  colouring  of  the  Laelia  parent. 

LvELIOCATTLEYA   ZENOBIA,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  552. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Loddigesii  and  Lseliocattleya  elegans 
Turneri. 

LAELIOCATTLEYA   ZEPHYBA. 

Gard.   Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.    103   (Report  of  R.H.S.    Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  285. 

Eaised  from  Lselia  xanthina  and  Cattleya  Mendelii,  the  former  the 
pollen  parent. 

The  hybrid  resembles  the  first-named  in  its  flowers,  the  sepals  and 
petals  are  light  buff,  the  front  lobe  of  the  lip  purple-crimson,  and  the 
remainder  yellow,  deeper  at  the  throat. 

208 


LEPTOLJELIA  VEITCHIL 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  50,  fig.  23 ;  Orchid  Keview,  1902,  vol.  x.  p.  157. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  from  Leptotes  bicolor  and  Laelia  cinnabarina,  the 
former  the  seed  parent. 

The  cream-coloured  flowers  flushed  with  pink  are  about  If  in.  in 
diameter ;  the  leaves,  intermediate  in  form  between  those  of  the  two 
progenitors,  are  neither  cylindrical  as  in  Leptotes  nor  flattened  as  in 
the  Laelia. 

The  first  recorded  hybrid  between  the  two  genera  Leptotes  and  Leelia. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  AJAX. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.   xx.  p.    137  (Report    of  B.H.S.    Orchid    Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  228. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Masdevallia  x  Chelsoni  and  M.  Peristeria,  the 
latter  being  the  pollen  parent. 

The  general  effect  is  that  of  M.  x  Chelsoni  modified  in  shape  and 
darker  in  colour  on  account  of  the  numerous  little  dots  derived  from 
M.  Peristeria. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  ALCESTE. 

Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  154. 

Eaised  from  Masdevallia  x  Asmodia  and  M.  Veitchiana,  with  large  dark 
red  flowers,  an  orange-yellow  ground  colour  breaking  through  in  places. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  ASMODIA. 

Gard.   Chron.    1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  762  (Report    of  R.H.S.  Orchid   Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  202. 

Three  species  are  involved  in  the  parentage  of  this  hybrid  raised  from 
Masdevallia  X  Chelsoni  and  M.  Eeichenbachiana. 

In  shape  it  resembles  the  pollen  parent,  M.  Eeichenbachiana,  is  of 
about  the  same  size,  and  in  colour  a  peculiar  reddish-purple  with  slightly 
darker  veins  and  some  dull  yellow  in  the  throat. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  CAUDATO-ESTEAD^l,  Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  714;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  74. 
A  hybrid,  as   its   name   indicates,    between  Masdevallia  Estradas  and 
M.  caudata  Shuttleworthii,  the  seed  parent. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  CHELSONI,  Rchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  554 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  74. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  CHELSONI,  var.  SPLENDENS,  Veitch,  Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  619 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  74. 
This,  the  first  Masdevallia  raised  from  seed  in  Europe,  and  the  first 
hybrid  to  flower,  is  of  unusual  interest. 

209 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

It  was  raised  by  Seden  from  Masdevallia  amabilis  and  M.  Veitchiana, 
as  was  the  variety  splendens,  by  reversing  the  cross,  the  hybridizer  em- 
ploying finer  varieties  of  the  species  than  those  that  produced  the  type. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  ELLISIANA,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  74;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  75. 

A  hybrid  from  Masdevallia  coccinea  Harryana  and  M.  ignea,  dedicated 
to  the  late  Lady  Howard  de  Walden,  Ellis  being  the  family  name. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  GAIEIANA,  Bchb.  f. 

Echb.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  38;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  75. 

Eaised  from  Masdevallia  Veitchiana  and  M.  Davisii  and  dedicated  to 
John  Gair,  Esq.,  of  The  Kilns,  Falkirk,  at  that  time  the  possessor  of  the 
best  collection  of  orchids  in  Scotland. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  GLAPHYEANTHA,  Bchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  648;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  76. 

A  hybrid  of  no  great  interest  raised  from  Masdevallia  infracta  crossed 
with  M.  Barlaeana. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  IMOGEN. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1899,  p.  21. 

A  distinct,  interesting  hybrid  from  Masdevallia  Veitchiana  and  M. 
Schlimii,  the  latter  the  seed-bearer.  The  sepals  have  the  rich  scarlet  of 
M.  Veitchiana,  shaded  with  the  chestnut-brown  of  M.  Schlimii. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  SPLENDIDA,  Bchb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  493;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  73. 

A  natural  hybrid  gathered  on  the  Eastern  Cordillera  of  Peru,  near 
Cuzco,  by  Walter  Davis,  who  sent  it  with  a  consignment  of  Masdevallia 
Veitchiana  and  M.  Barlaeana.  Seden  has  since  produced  this  artificially 
by  fertilizing  M.  Veitchiana  with  M.  Barlaeana. 

MASDEVALLIA  x  SPLENDIDA,  var.  PAELATOEEANA,   Veitch. 

Syns.  M.  Parlatoreana,  Kchb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  172;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  v.  p.  73. 
A  more  attractive  form  than  the  above-named,  dedicated  by  Professor 
Eeichenbach  to  Professor  Parlatore  of  Florence,  the  most  distinguished 
Italian  botanist  of  his  time. 

210 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

MILTONIA  x  BLEU  ANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  203 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  viii.  p.  118. 

Eaised  in  this  country  for  the  first  time  the  cross  was  effected  in  1884, 
and  the  first  flower  from  the  progeny  opened  in  1891. 

The  same  cross  had  previously  been  obtained  by  M.  Bleu  of  Paris,  whose 
hybrids  flowerei  in  1889. 

The  parents  were  Miltonia  vexillaria  and  M.  Eoezlii,  the  latter  being 
the  pollen  parent,  and  the  offspring  may  be  said  briefly  to  possess  the 
vegetative  characters  of  the  mother  plant  and  the  flowers  of  the  pollen 
parent.  This  success  created  quite  unusual  interest. 

ODONTOGLOSSUM  x  EXCELLENS,  Bchb.,   Nat.   hyb. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  426 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol.  ix.  p.  754 ;  Diet. 
Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Odontoglossum  hybr.  pi.  1. 

This  beautiful  Odontoglot  first  appeared  in  the  collection  of  Sir  Trevor 
Lawrence  at  Burford  Lodge,  Dorking.  In  his  description  Professor 
Keichenbach  suggested  that  it  might  possibly  be  a  hybrid  between  Odon- 
toglossum Pescatorei  (nobile)  and  0.  triumphans  or  O.  tripudians. 

Seden  proved  the  correctness  of  the  Professor's  hypothesis  by  raising 
O.  X  excellens  from  0.  Pescatorei  crossed  with  O.  triumphans,  further 
remarkable  as  the  first  Odontoglossum  hybrid  to  be  raised  in  this  country 
and  successfully  brought  to  the  flowering  stage. 

PHAIOCALANTHE   INSPEEATA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  315  (Eeport  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
A   bigeneric   hybrid   raised   by    Seden    from   Phaius   grandifolius   and 
Calanthe  Masuca,  the  latter  the  pollen  parent. 

PHAIOCALANTHE   IEEOEATA,  Rolfe. 

Syns.  Phaius  X  irroratus,  Rchb.  f. 

Rolfe  in  Jour.   Linn.   Soc.  1887,  xxiv.  p.   168;  Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  264, 
fig.  ;  Fl.  Mag.  1869,  t.  426;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  17. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Dominy  between  Phaius  grandifolius  and  Calanthe 
vestita  Turneri  nivalis,  which  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1867. 

The  creamy  white  flowers  are  intermediate  between  the  two  parents  as 
regards  their  expansion,  both  have  a  rosy  hue  over  the  limb,  and  a  pale 
yellow  hue  over  the  disc  of  the  lip. 

PHAIOCALANTHE   IEEOEATA,  var.  PUEPUEEA. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  17. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  the  same  cross.  As  distinguished  from  Phaio- 
calanthe  irrorata  the  sepals  and  petals  are  of  a  purer  white,  the  lip  some- 
what larger  and  more  deeply  lobed,  the  colour  richer,  and  the  white 
margin  broader. 

211 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

PHAIOCALANTHE   IEEOEATA,   var.   EOSEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  337  (Report  of  R.H.S.   Orchid  Committee)  ;   Orchid 
Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  128 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1895,  April  18th,  p.  331,  fig.  56. 

Eaised   by   Seden    from    Phaius    grandifolius    and    Calanthe    vestita 
gigantea :  a  rose-coloured  form  of  the  type. 


PHAIOCALANTHE   SEDENIANA,  Eolfe. 

Syn.  Phaius  X  Sedenianus,  Rchb. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  136;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  vi.  p.  17;  Rchb.  f. 
in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  174;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  Dec.  6th,  pp.  512, 
513,  fig.  80. 

A  beautiful  plant  with  flowers  of  a  shade  of  pale  primrose -yellow, 
raised  by  Seden  by  crossing  the  large-flowered  Phaius  grandifolius  with 
the  beautiful  Calanthe  X  Veitchii,  the  latter  being  the  pollen  parent  and 
itself  a  hybrid :  it  is  one  of  the  best  bigeneric  hybrids. 

PHAIOCALANTHE   SEDENIANA,   var.    ALBIFLOEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.   p.  88  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;    Jour,  of 
Hort.  1896,  Jan.  30th,  p.  99,  fig.  15. 

A  white  form  of  the  preceding,  raised  at  Langley. 


PHAIUS  x  AMABILIS. 

J.  O'Brien  in  Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  226,  fig.  32,  p.  229 ;  Orchid  Review,  1893, 

vol.  i.  p.  87. 

A  hybrid,  raised  by  crossing  Phaius  grandifolius  with  the  pollen  of 
P.  tuberculosus,  the  flowers  with  white  sepals  and  petals  tinged  with  rose 
on  the  face ;  lip  claret-coloured,  with  darker  purplish  lines  on  a  whitish 
ground  on  the  base  inside,  the  lower  portion  of  the  labellum  yellow  on  the 
outside  throughout. 

PHAIUS  X  MACULATO-GEANDIFOLIUS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol.  x.  p.  591  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

Eaised  from  the  two  species  expressed  by  the  name,  and  exhibited  for 
the  first  time  in  November  1891. 


PHAL^BNOPSIS  x  AEIADNE. 

Orchid  Review,  1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  147. 

Eaised  from  Phalasnopsis  Aphrodite  and  P.  Stuartiana,  the  latter 
the  pollen  parent.  The  sepals  and  petals  white,  of  usual  shape,  the 
lip  nearly  intermediate ;  the  side  lobes  less  oblique  than  in  P.  Aphrodite, 

212 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

but  the  markings  almost  as  in  that  species ;  the  front  lobe  has  the  basal 
half  densely  spotted  with  purple,  the  remainder  being  white. 

PHAL^NOPSIS  x  AETEMIS. 

Gard.  Chron.   1894,   vol.   xvi.  p.  49   (Report  of   R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;   Orchid 
Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  356. 

From  Phalaenopsis  amabilis  and  P.  rosea,  with  a  considerable  resem- 
blance to  P.  x  intermedia. 

PHAL^NOPSIS  x  CASSANDRA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  106  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  by  Seden  from  Phalaenopsis  rosea  and  P.  Stuartiana. 

PHAL^NOPSIS  x  F.   L.  AMES. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.   1888,    vol.   iii.  p.  201,    fig.  ;   Veitchs'  Man.    Oroh.    PI.  pt.  vii. 
p.  48,  fig. ;  Orchid  Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  106. 

A  hybrid  from  Phalaenopsis  X  intermedia  and  P.  amabilis,  the  former 
the  pollen  parent,  itself  a  cross  between  P.  Aphrodite  and  P.  rosea. 

The  varietal  name  was  given  in  honour  of  the  late  Hon.  F.  L.  Ame8, 
of  North  Easton,  Massachusetts,  (J.S.A. 

PHALjENOPSIS  x  HARRIETTS,   Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  8,  with  fig. ;  The  Garden,  1890,  vol.  xxxviii. 
p.  158,  t.  766 ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  49,  fig. ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1901, 
vol.  xlii.  pp.  236,  237,  with  fig. 

A  beautiful  and  interesting  hybrid  from  Phalaenopsis  amabilis  with 
P.  violacea.  The  only  result  from  this  cross  was  purchased  by  the 
late  Hon.  Erasmus  Corning,  of  Albany,  U.S.A.,  and  named  in  compliment 
to  his  daughter,  Miss  Harriett  Corning. 

PHAL^NOPSIS  x  HEBE. 

Gard.  Chron.    1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.   115   (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;   Orchid 
Review,  1897,  vol.  v.  p.  79. 

Raised  from  Phalaenopsis  rosea  and  P.  Sanderiana,  with  some 
resemblance  to  P.  x  intermedia,  the  only  difference  in  the  parentage 
the  replacement  of  P.  Sanderiana  by  the  closely  allied  P.  Aphrodite. 
The  flowers  of  P.  x  Hebe  are  blush-white,  slightly  veined  and  suffused 
with  rose;  the  lip  is  bright  rose,  mottled  on  the  side  lobes,  with  the 
usual  crest  and  very  short  tendrils. 

PHAL^ENOPSIS  x  HERMIONE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxv.  p.  174  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Raised  by  Seden  from  Phalaenopsis  Stuartiana  and  P.  Lueddemanniana. 

213  P 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

PHAL^lNOPSIS  x  INTEEMEDIA,  var.  VESTA. 

Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  52  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xii.  p.  343  (Report  of  R.H.S. 

Orchid  Committee). 

The  hitherto  supposed  natural  hybrid  Phalaenopsis  x  intermedia  was 
proved  to  be  such  by  Seden,  who  raised  a  plant  identical  with  the  type 
from  P.  Aphrodite  and  P.  rosea.  Subsequently  fertilizing  P.  rosea 
leucaspis  with  P.  Aphrodite,  a  second  was  obtained  with  smaller  flowers 
and  shorter  broader  segments,  of  a  rose-purple  colour,  distinguished 
by  the  varietal  name  Vesta. 

PHALAENOPSIS  x  JOHN    SEDEN,   Rolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  331,  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  50, 
with  fig.  reproduced;  Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  171,  fig.  68. 

Eaised  by  Seden,  and  named  at  our  request  in  his  honour  by  Mr.  Rolfe 
of  the  Herbarium,  Kew. 

The  parents  were  Phalsenopsis  amabilis  and  P.  Lueddemannia. 

PHAL^INOPSIS  x  LEDA,  Bolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iii.  p.  457. 

This  plant,  a  stray  seedling,  was  detected  growing  in  a  greenhouse 
where  no  other  Phalaenopsis  seed  had  been  sown,  and  nothing  certain  is 
known  of  its  parentage ;  it  is  probably  the  result  of  a  cross  between 
Phalaenopsis  amabilis  and  P.  Stuartiana. 

PHALAENOPSIS  x  LUEDDE-VIOLACEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  102  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  id.  1898, 
vol.  xxiv.  p.  43,  fig.  11;  Orchid  Review,  1895,  vol.  iii.  p.  259;  Jour,  of  Hort. 
1895,  July  25th,  pp.  77,  87,  fig.  11. 

Eaised  and  reared  by  Seden  from  the  seed  produced-  by  crossing  the 
two  species  indicated  in  the  compound  name. 

The  peculiar  bar-like  markings  of  amethyst  possessed  by  Phalaenopsis 
Lueddemanniana  are  in  the  hybrid  transformed  into  distinct  spots. 

PHALAENOPSIS  x  MES.   JAMES    H.   VEITCH. 

Gard.    Chron.    1899,    vol.    xxv.    p.    114,    fig.    43;     Jour,    of    Hort.    1901,    vol.    xlii. 

pp.  226,  227,  fig. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Phalaenopsis  Lueddemanniana  and  P.  Stuartiana, 
and  remarkable  among  Phalaenopsis  in  shape  and  colouring.  The 
sepals  and  petals  are  greenish-yellow,  with  brownish-crimson  dots;  the 
front  lobe  of  the  lip  is  white,  and  a  yellow  tinge  is  noticeable  in  the  throat. 

PHAL^NOPSIS  X  EOTHSCHILDIANA,  Bchb.  f. 

Rchb.  f .  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  606 ;    Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vii.  p.  51, 

with  fig. 

The  second  hybrid  Phalsenopsis  ever  raised,  and  dedicated  to  the  Eight 
Hon.  Lord  Eothschild,  of  Tring  Park.  The  parents  were  Phalaenopsis 
Schilleriana  and  P.  amabilis. 

214 


PHAL^NOPSIS   X  "  JOHN      SEDEN  " 

THE     DELL,     EGHAM 


PHAL^NOPSIS  x  STUAETIANO-MANNI. 

Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  238  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 
Eaised  by  Seden  from  the  two  species  expressed  by  the  name. 

SOBEALIA  x  EOSEO-MACEANTHA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  277  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee). 

A  hybrid  Sobralia,  one  of  the  best  the  genus  has  produced,  which 
resembles  Sobralia  macrantha  in  foliage  and  habit,  and  the  flowers 
soft  light  rose-purple  with  cream-white  margins,  are  fully  6  in.  in 
diameter. 

SOBEALIA  x  VEITCHIL 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  103  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  239 ;  Jour  of  Hort.  1894,  Aug.  2nd,  pp.  98,  99,  fig.  5 ; 
Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Sobralia,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

A  hybrid  from  Sobralia  macrantha  and  S.  xantholeuca,  and  one  of  the 
most  distinct  of  the  few  that  have  been  raised  between  species  of  this 
genus.  The  flowers  soft  rosy  blush,  with  a  rich  rose-lilac  lip  have  a 
conspicuous  orange-yellow  throat,  in  size  and  shape  approximating  closely 
to  the  two  parents. 

SOPHEOCATTLEYA  BATEMANIANA. 

Syns.  Lalia  X  Batemaniana,  Rchb. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ii.  p.  92,  figs.  ;  Rolfe  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiv.  p.  156  ; 
Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  263. 

The  first  hybrid  to  be  raised  between  the  genera  Cattleya  and  Sophro- 
nitis,  to  the  ordinary  observer  so  widely  separated,  led  orchid  experts  in 
early  years  to  doubt  the  correctness  of  the  assigned  parentage.  Eaised 
from  Sophronitis  grandiflora  and  Cattleya  intermedia,  the  seed  was 
sown  in  June  1881,  and  the  first  flower  opened  in  August  1886,  and 
caused  very  great  interest. 

This  remarkable  plant  is  dedicated  to  Mr.  James  Bateman,  author  of 
Orchidaceae  of  Mexico  and  Guatemala. 

SOPHEOCATTLEYA   CALYPSO. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  744  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  id.   1895, 
vol.  xx.  p.  695,  fig.  122;  Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  i.  p.  291. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Sophronitis  grandiflora  and  Cattleya 
Loddigesii  Harrisonae. 

The  flower  of  Sophrocattleya  Calypso,  in  form  and  size,  partakes  much 
of  Cattleya  Loddigesii  Harrisonae,  and  is  similar  to  that  species  in  the  firm 
substance  of  the  sepals  and  petals,  rose-purple  in  colour,  with  a  number 
of  very  dark  purple  lines. 

215 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

SOPHEOCATTLEYA  EXIMIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  378  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  Orchid 
Review,  1894,  vol.  ii.  p.  333  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1894,  Oct.  4th,  p.  321,  fig.  48  ;  id. 
1900,  vol.  xli.  p.  373,  fig.  103. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Bowringiana  and 
Sophronitis  grandiflora,  resembling  S.  grandiflora  in  habit,  but  that  the 
pseudo-bulbs  are  ovoid  in  shape  and  rather  stout.  The  flowers  are 
larger  than  those  of  Sophronitis,  sepals  and  petals  bright  purplish-rose, 
and  the  lip  darker,  with  a  light  yellow  throat. 

SOPHEOCATTLEYA   QUEEN   EMPEESS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  96  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);   id.  p.  112, 
fig.  43 ;    Orchid  Review,  1898,  vol.  vi.  p.  258. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Cattleya  Mossiae  and  Sophronitis  grandiflora, 
the  latter  being  the  male  parent.  The  flowers  are  as  Cattleya  Mossise  in 
form,  but  smaller,  and  in  colour  rosy  crimson. 

SOPHEOCATTLEYA   SAXA. 

Orchid  Review,  1903,  vol.  xi.  p.  267. 

Eaised  from  Sophronitis  grandiflora  and  Cattleya  Trianae.  The  flower 
is  of  a  rose  shade,  with  a  crimson  blotch  on  the  lip. 

SOPHEOL^LIA  L^TA. 

Syns.  Sophrocattleya  Iceta. 

Chapman  in  Watson's  Orchids,  ed.  2,  p.  468,  fig.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  447 
(Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  id.  p.  476,  fig.  63  ;  Orchid  Review,  1894, 
vol.  ii.  p.  333. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Sophronitis  grandiflora  and  Laelia  pumila 
Dayana,  with  flowers  resembling  more  closely  those  of  Sophronitis 
than  those  of  Laelia,  and  similar  in  appearance  to  the  Sophrocattleya 
Batemanniana. 

In  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle  above  quoted  the  figure  is  erroneously 
named  Sophrocattleya  Batemanniana  and  the  matter  applies  to  Sophro- 
Iselia  lasta. 

SOPHEOL^SLIA  VALDA. 

O'Brien  in  Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxix.  p.  53 ;  Orchid  Review,  1901,  vol.  ix.  p.  37. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Sophronitis  grandiflora  and  Laelia  harpophylla. 
The  flower  resembles  the  Laelia,  but  is  larger  and  of  a  light  orange- 
yellow  colour,  without  the  characteristic  markings  of  the  Sophronitis 
parent  on  the  lip. 

216 


PRINCIPAL   ORCHID   HYBRIDS 

SOPHEOL^LIOCATTLEYA  VEITCHII,  Chapman. 

Syns.  Sophrocattleya  Veitchii,  Veitch. 

Chapman   in  Watson's   Orchids,    ed.   2,    1903,   p.   469;    Gard.   Chron.    1892,  vol.    xii. 
p.  312  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee)  ;  Orchid  Review,  1893,  vol.  i.  p.  356. 

A  hybrid  obtained  by  Seden  from  the  bright  scarlet-flowered  Sophronitis 
grandiflora  and  the  bigeneric  hybrid  Laeliocattleya  elegans,  involving  three 
distinct  genera  in  its  parentage,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  the  year 
1892. 

SPATHOGLOTTIS  x  AUEEO-VEILLAEDII. 

Gard.   Chron.  1897,   vol.   xxii.  p.   10  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee);  id.  1898, 
vol.  xxiii.  p.  309,  fig.  115 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Spathoglottis,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

The  first  hybrid  raised  between  two  species  of  this  genus,  a  product  of  a 
cross  effected  by  Seden,  between  Spathoglottis  aurea  and  S.  Veillardii. 

The  flowers  were  produced  for  the  first  time  in  May  1897,  on  which 
occasion  the  plant  was  exhibited  at  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society's  Show 
held  in  the  Temple  Gardens. 

THUNIA  x  VEITCHIANA,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.  in  Gard.  Chron,  1885,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  818;  Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  vi.  p.  20, 

First  raised  by  Mr.  Toll  of  Manchester,  and  shortly  afterwards  by 
Seden :  a  great  advance  on  the  type  species. 

Plants  of  both  progenies  were  exhibited  in  flower  at  one  of  the  Eoyal 
Botanic  Society's  Shows  in  1885 — Mr.  Toll's  under  the  name  of  Wrigleyana 
and  our  own  as  Veitchiana ;  as  the  materials  for  Professor  Eeichenbach's 
description  were  supplied  by  us,  this  name  has  priority  of  publication. 

The  parents  are  Thunia  Marshalliae  and  T.  Bensoniae. 

ZYGOCOLAX  LEOPAEDINUS. 

Syns.  Zygopetalum  X  leopardinus,  Rchb.  f. 

Veitchs'  Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  66 ;  Rchb.  in  Gard.   Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  66 ; 
Orchid  Review,  1900,  vol.  viii.  p.  12. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  crossing  Zygopetalum  maxillare  with  the  pollen  of 
Colax  jugosus,  in  which  the  influence  of  the  latter  seems  to  have  been 
quite  subordinate. 

The  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1886,  when  Professor  Eeichen- 
bach  described  it,  but  at  that  time  the  parentage  was  not  correctly  known 
and  could  only  be  conjectured.  More  conclusive  evidence  has  since  been 
obtained,  and  the  names  of  the  two  species  now  given  as  parents  are 
undoubtedly  correct. 

217 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

ZYGOCOLAX  VEITCHII,  Eolfe. 

Rolfe  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  765  ;  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiv.  p.  170 ;  Veitchs' 
Man.  Orch.  PI.  pt.  ix.  p.  66  figs.  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1893,  Feb.  2nd,  pp.  87,  94, 
fig.  13 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7980 ;  Diet.  Ic.  des  Orchidees,  Zygocolax,  hybr.  pi.  1. 

One  of  the  most  interesting  hybrids  ever  raised,  either  from  the 
botanical  or  horticultural  aspect,  and  obtained  by  crossing  two  species 
of  two  different  genera,  Zygopetalum  crinitum  and  Colax  jugosus. 

The  seed  was  sown  in  September  1882,  and  the  first  flowers  produced 
in  March  1887. 

This  plant  is  interesting  as  having  been  the  principal  subject  of 
Mr.  E.  A.  Eolfe's  articles  on  a  uniform  plan  of  naming  bigeneric  hybrid 
orchids.  He  followed  Dr.  M.  T.  Masters,  who  combined  the  elements 
of  the  two  generic  names  of  the  plants  concerned  when  he  named  the 
first  artificial  bigeneric  hybrid  on  record,  Philageria  Veitchii,  a  cross 
between  Lapageria  rosea  and  Philesia  buxifolia. 

Zygocolax  Veitchii  is  also  found  as  a  natural  hybrid,  and  specimens 
introduced  from  Brazil  and  flowered  in  the  gardens  of  Sir  Frederick 
Wigan,  Bart.,  closely  resembled  those  of  artificial  origin. 

ZYGOPETALUM  x  LEUCOCHILUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  214  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Orchid  Committee) ;  Orchid  Review, 

1896,  vol.  iv.  p.  62. 

Raised  by  Seden  from  Zygopetalum  Burkei  and  Z.  Mackayii,  the  latter 
the  seed-bearer.  The  flowers  are  over  2^  in.  in  diameter,  the  sepals  and 
petals  light -green  lined  along  the  centre  and  spotted  near  the  margin  with 
dark  brown.  The  lip  is  white  with  a  few  violet  striations. 

ZYGOPETALUM  x  SEDENII,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb.   f.    in  Gard.   Chron.    1874,   p.  290 ;  Veitchs'   Man.   Orch.   PI.  pt.   ix.   p.  66,  fig.  ; 
Fl.  Mag.  n.s.  t.  417;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1893,  May  llth,  p.  377,  fig.  69. 

Eaised  from  Zygopetalum  maxillare,  crossed  with  Z.  Mackayi,  the  first 
hybrid  Zygopetalum  to  flower  in  this  country. 


218 


STOVE    AND    GREENHOUSE 
PLANTS 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 


.      ABUTILON    P^ONI^IFLOKA,  Hook. 
Syns.  Sida  peeoniaflora,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4170. 

Sent  by  William  Lobb,  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil,  and  first 
flowered  at  Exeter  in  January  1845. 

The  petals  are  of  a  deep  red-rose  colour  which  admirably  contrasts 
with  the  tuft  of  bright  yellow  anthers  occupying  the  centre  of  the  flower 
and  give  the  appearance  of  a  miniature  single  Paeony. 

ACALYPHA   WILKESIANA,    Muell  Arg. 

Syns.  A.  tricolor,  Seem. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  26. 

A  handsome  stove  plant  with  leaves  mottled  and  blotched  with  bright 
red  and  crimson,  introduced  from  New  Caledonia  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  and  now  rarely  seen. 

ADELASTEE  (EEANTHEMUM  ?)  ALBIVENIS,   Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Proc.  R.H.S.  1861,  vol.  i.  p.  568  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1861,  pp.  387,  499  (advts.)  ; 

I'lllus.  Hort.  1862,  t.  320. 

A  charming  stove  plant  from  Peru,  with  dark  green  leaves,  the  veins 
of  which  are  marked  with  pure  white ;  the  undersurface  is  bright  purple. 

ADHATODA   CYDONI^FOLIA,    Nees. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4962. 

A  handsome  Acanthaceous  plant  from  Brazil,  first  flowered  in  the 
autumn  of  1855.  The  flowers  are  two-lipped,  large  and  showy,  striking 
from  the  contrast  presented  by  the  dark  purple  lower  lip  and  the  pure 
white  upper  one. 

.ECHMEA  VEITCHII,  Baker. 

Syns.   Chevalliera  Veitchii,  Morren. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.  6329;  The  Garden,  1881,  vol.  xix.  p.  654,  pi.  cclxl.  (sic)  ;  La  Belg.  Hort. 

vol.  xxviii.  (1878),  p.  177. 

A  very  fine  Bromeliad  discovered  by  Gustave  Wallis  in  New  Grenada 
in  1874,  and  introduced  the  same  year  to  cultivation. 

221 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  spiny  margined,  gracefully  curved  leaves  are  pale  green  in  colour 
and  the  cone-like  inflorescence  is  brilliant  scarlet. 

.ESCHYNANTHUS   COBDIFOLIUS,  Hook. 

PI.  des  Serres,  1861,  torn.  iv.  p.  101 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5131. 

A  handsome  species  introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb. 
The  leaves  are  dark  bluish-green,  rather  fleshy,  and  the  hairy  flowers  deep 
red  in  colour  with  a  black  line  in  the  throat  of  the  tube. 

jESCHYNANTHUS   FULGENS,  Wall. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4891. 

A  species  with  large,  thick,  entire  leaves,  and  terminal  umbels  of  bright 
crimson  tubular  flowers  with  a  yellow  throat. 

Found  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  Moulmein,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
October  1855. 

^ESCHYNANTHUS    LOBBIANA,    Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4260. 

One  of  the  many  species  of  the  epiphytic  genus  .ZEschynanthus  intro- 
duced through  Thomas  Lobb.  This  species  is  striking  from  the  strong 
contrast  offered  by  the  purplish-black  calyx  and  the  brilliant  scarlet  hue  of 
the  corolla. 

It  was  introduced  from  Java  and  first  flowered  in  1846. 

jESCHYNANTHUS    LONGIFLORUS,    Blume. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xv.  p.  25 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4328. 

A  species  with  erect,  long,  tubular  flowers  of  a  uniform  puce  colour, 
with  exserted  stamens. 

A  native  of  Java,  it  was  detected  by  Thomas  Lobb  growing  in  woods 
in  the  provinces  of  Buitenzorg  and  Bantam,  for  the  most  part  epiphytic 
on  old  or  decaying  trees. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  August  1847. 

^SCHYNANTHUS   MINIATA,  Lvndl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1846,  p.  599  (note  on  exhibit  of  New  Plants) ;  Lindl.   Bot.  Reg.  1846, 
vol.  xix.  t.  61 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xvi.  p.  67. 

Introduced  from  Java  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1845,  and  first  flowered 
at  Exeter  in  November  of  the  following  year. 

^SCHYNANTHUS    OBCONICA,   C.  B.  Clarke. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7336. 

Imported  from  the  Malayan  Peninsula  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
July  1893  :  a  quaintly  neat  plant. 

222 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

It  is  closely  allied  to  ^schynanthus  tricolor,  but  the  corolla-tube  is 
shorter  and  the  calyx  broadly  campanulate.  The  flowers  are  scarlet  in 
colour  with  yellow  stripes. 

JESCHYNANTHUS    PULCHEA,  G.Don. 

Syns.  JEschynanthus  pulcher,  Hook. 

Gard.   Chron.   1846,  p.   407  (Report  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants);   Bot.  Mag.  t.   4264; 
La  Belg.  Hort.  1892,  p.  13,  col.  pi. 

A  beautiful  species  with  large  rich  scarlet  flowers  introduced  from 
Java  through  Thomas  Lobb.  First  exhibited  in  bloom  at  the  Great 
Exhibition  held  by  the  Horticultural  Society  at  Chiswick  on  June  13th 

1846,  it  was  awarded  the  Silver  Knightian    Medal  as  a   plant   of  very 
exceptional  merit. 

.ESCHYNANTHUS    PUEPUEESCENS,  Hasck. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4236. 

A  native  of  the  mountainous  regions  of  Java,  whence  it  was  introduced 
through  Thomas  Lobb. 

It  is  quite  distinct  but  not  as  striking  as  many  of  the  other  species  of 
-/Eschynanthus  in  cultivation.  The  flowers  are  small,  yellow  with  a 
dotted  throat ;  the  calyx  has  long  sepals,  margined  and  tipped  with  purple. 

jESCHYNANTHUS   SPECIOSA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4320;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  1847,  vol.  xiv.  p.  199;  The  Garden,  1897,  vol.  li. 

p.  188,  pi.  1109. 

Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  detected  it  on  Mount  Asapan, 
near  Bantam,  in  Java,  on  the  trunks  of  forest  trees. 

It  was  first  exhibited  in  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Eegent's  Park,  in  May 

1847,  and  was  voted  "  the  most  charming  of  the  plants  then  exhibited." 
In  the  description  in  the  Botanical  Magazine,  Sir  William  Hooker  writes, 
"  It  is  unquestionably  the  most  beautiful  species  known  to  us  of  a  genus 
eminent  for  the  rich  colour  of  its  blossoms." 

AGALMYLA    STAMINEA,   Blume. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5747 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xv.  p.73 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  vol.  iv.  t.  358. 
A   brilliantly-coloured   stove   epiphyte,   native  of  Java,  where   it   was 
discovered  by  Thomas  Lobb  growing  in  humid  parts  of  mountain  woods. 
In  December  1847  it  was  exhibited  in  flower  for  the  first  time. 

The  flowers  are  produced  in  axillary  fascicles  of  eight  to  fourteen 
together,  are  brilliant  scarlet  in  colour,  with  long  exserted  stamens, 
purple  at  the  tips,  bright  yellow  towards  the  base. 

223 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

AGAPETES   MACEANTHA,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  ThUxmdia  macrantha,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  501,  fig. ;  id.   vol.  xxix.   p.  47,  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4566 ; 
Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  695  (advt.) ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  vol.  vi.  p.  345. 

A  handsome  hard-wooded  greenhouse  plant  with  drooping  inflated 
tubular  flowers,  of  a  rosy  white  colour,  marked  with  wavy  V-shaped  lines 
of  red.  Eaised  from  seed  collected  on  Kola  mountain,  Moulmein,  by 
Thomas  Lobb,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  December 
1830,  and  is  still  largely  grown. 

AGLAONEMA  COSTATUM,    N.  E.  Brown. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  426;  id.  vol.  xiii.  p.  86. 

A  pretty  little  stove  aroid  with  ovate  green  leaves  spotted  and  veined 
with  white,  introduced  from  the  region  of  Perak. 

AGLAONEMA    MAEANT^EFOLIUM,    Blume,  var.    FOLIIS    MACU- 

LATIS. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5500. 

The  whole-coloured  leaved  type  is  a  very  old  garden  plant ;  the  form 
with  spotted  leaves  was  introduced  in  1864  from  Manila. 

AGLAONEMA   OBLONGIFOLIUM,  Schott.,  var.  CUETISII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxi.  p.  70 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1897,  p.  2. 

A  variegated  form  of  the  type,  sent  to  England  by  Charles  Curtis  from 
Malaysia. 

The  leaves,  15  to  18  in.  long,  are  effectively  marked  with  oblique 
silvery  lines  symmetrically  arranged  on  both  sides  of  the  midrib,  the 
ground  colour  bright  grass-green. 

AGLAONEMA   PUMILUM,   Hook. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  5,  fig.  p.  3. 

A  charming  little  stove  aroid  from  the  Malayan  region,  resembling  in 
habit  a  miniature  Dieffenbachia. 

The  leaves  are  from  4  to  6  in.  long,  beautifully  marbled  and  veined 
with  white  on  a  deep  sea-green  ground. 

ALLOPLECTUS  PELTATUS,    Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6333. 

Introduced  from  Costa  Eica  through  Endres,  an  addition  to  the  family 
of  Gesneriads  remarkable  in  having  one  leaf  of  each  pair  permanently 
rudimentary,  and  further,  the  fully  developed  leaf  distinctly  peltate,  a 
curious  feature. 

224 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

ALOCASIA  x  INTEEMEDIA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  fig.  p.  3  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  660  (note  on  exhibit). 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  at  Chelsea  from  Alocasia  longifolia  fertilized 
with  the  pollen  of  A.  Veitchii. 

It  received  the  Silver  Medal  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society,  at  the 
Exhibition  held  in  June  1867,  as  the  best  garden  hybrid  then  exhibited. 

ALOCASIA    LOWII,  var.  PICTA,   Hook. 

Syns.  Caladium  Veitchii,  Lindl. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5497;  Gard.  Chroii.  1859,  p.  740;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  6. 

A  well-known  stove  plant  remarkable  for  its  massive  leaves,  which 
are  of  great  substance,  rich  greyish-bronzy-green  on  the  upper  surface, 
deep  purple  beneath,  with  a  beautiful  metallic  lustre. 

It  was  sent  from  Borneo  by  Thomas  Lobb. 

ALOCASIA   SCABEIUSCULA,   N.  E.  Brown. 

Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  296. 

A  stove  aroid  belonging  to  the  large-leaved  section  of  the  genus  of 
which  Alocasia  Lowii  and  A.  Thibautiana  are  better  known  and  more 
showy  species. 

ALOCASIA  x  SEDENII. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  fig.  p.  2. 

A  rather  fine  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  at  Chelsea  from  Alocasia 
metallica  and  A.  Lowii,  which  retains  in  its  handsome  leaves  the  metallic 
hue  of  one  parent  and  the  dark  green  and  white  veins  of  the  other ;  a 
striking  combination  ;  the  plant  is  now  rarely  seen. 

ALOCASIA  THIBAUTIANA,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,    vol.  ix.  p.   527 ;  id.   1895,  vol.   xvii.  p.  485,  with  fig  • 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  5,  fig. 

A  noble  stove  aroid  with  leaves  2  to  2|  ft.  long  and  from  15  to  20  in. 
broad,  deep  olive- greyish-green  in  colour,  traversed  by  numerous  grey 
veinlets,  and  of  a  lustrous  metallic  hue. 

It  is  a  native  of  Borneo,  named  in  compliment  to  M.  L.  Thibaut, 
in  his  day  one  of  the  first  continental  nurserymen. 

ALOCASIA   ZEBEINA,  C.  Kock  &  Veitch. 
Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.). 

Introduced  to  cultivation  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the 
Philippine  Islands. 

The  specific   name    is    derived  from   the  peculiar   appearance   of   the 

225 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

leaf-stalks  pale  yellow  in  colour  heavily  marbled  and  banded  with  a  shade 
of  the  darkest  green. 

AMASONIA  PUNICEA,   Hort. 

Syns.  A.  calycina,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.   6915 ;    Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1889,  p.  27 ;    The  Garden,  1885,   vol.  xxvii. 

p.  130,  pi.  479. 

An  interesting  and  showy  stove  plant  from  British  Guiana  through 
David  Burke,  known  to  science  for  nearly  a  century  prior  to  its  intro- 
duction, having  been  described  by  a  German  botanist,  Martin  Vahl,  as 
long  since  as  1796. 

As  a  horticultural  plant,  Amasonia  punicea  is  of  great  value  from 
the  brilliantly  coloured  bracts  which  subtend  the  flowers,  and  which 
remain  on  the  plant  for  nearly  three  months  after  these  have  fallen. 

ANTHUEIUM  BEOWNII,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  744,  figs.  139  and  140. 
Introduced  from   New  Grenada,  where  it  was   discovered   by  Gustav 
Wallis,  and  named  by  Dr.  Masters  in  honour  of  Mr.  N.  E.  Brown  of  the 
Herbarium,  Kew,  who  has  done  so  much  to  elucidate  the  difficult  order 
to  which  this  genus  belongs. 

ANTHUEIUM  CUSPIDATUM,   Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  428,  fig.  85. 

Discovered  in  Columbia  by  Gustav  Wallis,  and  sent  to  this  country 
in  1874. 

It  is  remarkable  in  having  the  petioles  of  its  leaves  entirely  cylindrical 
and  not  at  all  sulcated  as  in  the  majority  of  species.  The  leaves  are  bold 
and  handsome,  some  1  ft.  7  in.  in  length  and  1  ft.  in  breadth. 

ANTHUEIUM  KALBEEYEEI,   Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  117,  with  fig. 

A  handsome  ornamental  climbing  aroid,  introduced  from  New  Grenada 
through  Kalbreyer. 

The  leaves  are  palmately  divided  into  nine  oblong  sinuate  leaflets  of 
various  sizes,  glabrous  and  rich  deep  green  in  colour. 

ANTHUEIUM  VEITCHII,  Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  vi.  p.  772,  fig.  143  ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  vol.  xxviii.  t.  406;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  6968 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  fig.  p.  5. 

A  magnificent  aroid,  found  in  Columbia  and  sent  to  England  by  Gustav 
Wallis,  and  probably  the  noblest  inhabitant  of  European  stoves. 

The  leaves  are  of  extraordinary  appearance,  often  attaining  a  length  of 

226 


AMASONIA     PUNICEA 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

from  4  to  5  ft.,  with  a  breadth  of  not  less  than  one-third  of  these 
dimensions.  The  principal  veins  are  sunk,  and  the  waved  appearance 
thus  caused  is  further  enhanced  by  a  deep  glossy  green  colour  and  a  most 
brilliant  metallic  lustre. 

ANTHUEIUM    WALLISII,  Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  429,  fig.  86. 

Discovered  by  Gustav  Wallis  in  New  Grenada,  and  through  him 
introduced  to  this  country. 

ANTHUKIUM   WAEOCQUEANUM,  Moore. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1878,  p.  20,  fig.  p.  6 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1878,  p.  101,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Columbia,  and  dedicated  to  the  late  M.  Warocque, 
formerly  an  eminent  horticulturist  in  Belgium. 

It  is  a  noble  species  with  leaves  2  to  2|  ft.  in  length,  rich  deep  green  in 
colour,  and  prominent  paler  coloured  veins. 

APHELANDEA   ACUTIFOLIA,   Nees. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5789. 

A  common  plant  in  South  America,  collected  in  Mexico,  Peru,  New 
Grenada,  and  Surinam. 

The  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  was  prepared  from  an  imported 
plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  October  1868. 

APHELANDEA  NITENS,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5741 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1863,  p.  2,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Guayaquil,  New  Grenada,  through  Eichard  Pearce, 
and  flowered  in  May  1868. 

It  is  a  handsome  and  still  favourite  stove  plant,  with  shining  dark  green 
leaves,  and  orange-scarlet  flowers  borne  in  erect  spikes  at  the  ends  of  the 
branches. 

APHELANDEA  VAEIEGATA,   Moore. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4899. 

An  extremely  handsome  plant  from  Brazil,  the  foliage  bold  and  striking  ; 
the  large  imbricated  bracts  forming  a  spike,  resembling  a  fir  cone,  are  of  a 
rich  orange-yellow  colour,  from  between  which  the  bright  yellow  flowers 
protrude. 

AEALIA   ELEGANTISSIMA,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  782 :  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  5,  fig. 
A   charming    stove   species   similar   in   habit   to   the   beautiful   Aralia 
Veitchii,  but  with  larger  and  more  deeply  serrated  leaves. 

227 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

It  was  introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch. 

AEALIA   KEECHOVEANA,   Hort.  Veitch. 
Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  430  ;  Veitclis'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883. 

A  graceful  object  for  the  stoves  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  first 
distributed  in  1883.  The  leaves  are  digitate,  composed  of  9  to  11 
spreading  leaflets,  making  almost  a  circular  outline.  The  plant  is 
dedicated  to  Count  Oswald  de  Kerchove  of  Ghent,  one  of  the  most 
distinguished  patrons  of  Belgian  horticulture. 

ABALIA  OSYANA,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  17,  fig.  p.  3,  also  col.  pi. 

,  A   graceful  free-growing  stove   plant,  introduced  from  the    South  Sea 
Islands  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  leaves  are  digitately  compound,  with  6  to  8  strap-shaped  leaflets 
divided  at  the  apex,  bright  green  in  colour  with  chocolate-coloured  veins 
and  tips. 

AEALIA  VEITCHII,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PL  1873,  fig.  p.    3  ;  Fl.    and   Pom.    1874,  p.    5  ;  Nich.  Diet.   Gard. 

vol.  i.  fig.  143. 

A  very  elegant,  universally-cultivated,  slender-growing  stove  plant  from 
New  Caledonia,  unsurpassed,  as  a  pot  plant  with  ornamental  foliage 
for  house  decoration  and  for  the  exhibition  tables. 

AEDISIA  MAMILLATA,  Hance. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1888,  p.  9. 

A  stove  plant  from  Southern  China  found  by  Mr.  Charles  Ford,  late 
Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Gardens  at  Hong  Kong,  who  also  sent 
plants  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  about  the  same  time. 

The  specific  name  is  derived  from  the  teat -like  processes  or  mamillae, 
each  surmounted  by  a  bristle-like  hair,  thickly  studded  over  the  whole  of 
the  upper  surface  of  the  leaf. 

The  chief  ornaments,  however,  are  the  rich  coral-red  berries  which 
follow  the  flowers,  and  remain  in  perfection  through  the  winter  months. 

AEDISIA  OLIVEEI,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  680,  with  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6357  ;  Veitchs' 

Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  fig.  p.  7. 

This  stove  flowering  shrub  of  great  beauty,  somewhat  resembling  an 

228 


Ixora,   and   of    considerable    botanical  interest,  was  introduced   through 
Bndres  from  Costa  Eica. 

Named  by  Dr.  Masters  in  honour  of  Professor  Oliver,  of  the  Kew 
Herbarium,  "as  a  trifling,  but  very  sincere  acknowledgment  of  the 
very  valuable  services  he  has,  in  a  manner  as  thorough  as  it  has  been 
unobtrusive,  rendered  to  horticultural  botany  for  many  years  past."  The 
plant  was  eventually  distributed  in  1878. 

AEISTOLOCHIA   PEOMISSA,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  494. 

Described  by  Dr.  Masters  from  specimens  collected  in  West  Tropical 
Africa  by  Kalbreyer,  who  sent  seed  to  Chelsea  from  which  plants  were 
raised. 

Dr.  Masters  says,  "  It  is  one  of  the  most  extraordinary  members  of  an 
extraordinary  genus."  The  flowers  extend  into  three  tails,  which  some- 
times reach  a  length  of  2  ft. 

AEISTOLOCHIA  EINGENS,   Vdhl. 

The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xvi.  p.  335,  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1880,  p.  19. 

A  member  of  the  remarkable  genus  Aristolochia  with  peculiar  gaping 
flowers,  from  New  Grenada,  sent  by  Gustav  Wallis,  in  1877.  It  had, 
previous  to  the  present  introduction,  been  in  cultivation  in  the  Eoyal 
Gardens,  Kew,  and  probably  also  in  other  botanical  collections,  but  was 
still  a  very  rare  climber. 

The  flowers,  usually  some  6  in.  in  length,  vary  in  size  according  to  the 
strength  of  the  plant,  the  ground  colour  is  pale,  netted  with  a  venation 
of  dark  purple. 

AETHEOPODIUM  NEO-CALEDONICUM,  Baker. 

Baker  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xv.  p.  352 ;  Bofc.  Mag.  t.  6326. 

Introduced  from  New  Caledonia,  first  flowered  in  May  1877,  and 
interesting  geographically  as  extending  to  New  Caledonia,  the  range  of 
other  characteristic  Australian  and  New  Zealand  genera. 

J.  G.  Baker  writes  of  this  plant  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  : — "  I 
described  it  from  a  single  dried  specimen  gathered  on  Mount  Kanala  in 
New  Caledonia  by  M.  Deplanche,  and  it  is  No.  1695  of  the  Vieillard 
collection  distributed  by  the  late  M.  Lenormand." 

ASCLEPIAS  VESTITA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4106. 

Eaised  from  seeds  received  from  North  America,  and  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  October  1843.  The  flowers,  purple  in  the  bud,  are  greenish- 
white  when  expanded,  in  dense  heads  in  the  axils  of  the  uppermost  leaves. 

229  Q 


ASPAEAGUS   PLUMOSUS,  Baker. 

Baker   in   Jour.    Linn.    Soc.   vol.    xiv.    1875,  p.  613 ;    Masters    in   Gard.   Chron.   1878, 

vol.  ix.  p.  527. 

This  popular  plant,  introduced  from  South  Africa  by  Christopher  Mudd, 
is  commonly  known  as  the  Asparagus  Fern,  and  is  in  great  request  for  all 
floral  decoration. 

ASPAEAGUS  EACEMOSUS,  Willd. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  19. 

A  climbing  species  of  elegant  habit,  introduced  from  Mauritius  through 
Charles  Curtis.  An  admirable  subject  for  covering  pillars  or  trellises  in 
the  conservatory  or  warm  greenhouse  ;  the  slender  branchlets  and  sprays 
of  glossy  green  are  ever  effective. 

BAEBACENIA   SQUAMATA,  Paxt. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  x.  p.  75  ;   Bot.  Mag.  t.  4136 ;   Fl.  des  Serres,  1847,  p.  266 ;  Gard. 
Chron.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  409,  with  fig. 

A  pretty  species  of  the  monocotyledonous  genus  Barbacenia,  with  fine 
orange-red  flowers  produced  singly  on  slender  scapes,  introduced  from  the 
Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  through  William  Lobb  in  1841. 

BAELEEIA  PEIONITIS,  Lindl. 

N.  B.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  339. 

A  pretty  acanthaceous  soft-wooded  plant,  re-introduced  to  Chelsea  from 
Sumatra  through  Curtis,  with  opposite  lanceolate  acuminate  leaves  with 
axillary  spines,  and  terminal  spikes  of  yellow  flower :  though  previously 
in  cultivation,  it  had  been  lost. 

BEFAEIA  ^ISTUANS,  Linn. 

Syns.  Bejaria  cestuans,  Mutes. 
Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  119,  with  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4818. 

Detected  by  William  Lobb  in  Peru,  in  the  province  of  Chochapoyas,  at 
an  elevation  of  8,000  ft. 

It  was  called  sestuans,  as  the  flowers  glow  like  fire,  and  somewhat 
resemble  a  Ehododendron  ;  of  a  beautiful  deep  rose-colour,  they  are  borne 
in  corymbs  terminating  the  branches. 

BEFAEIA   CINNAMOMEA,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  175. 

An  ericaceous  greenhouse  shrub,  with  purple  flowers,  introduced 
through  William  Lobb  in  1847,  from  the  Andes  of  Peru,  with  the  leaves 
remarkable  in  that  they  are  covered  on  the  lower  side  with  a  light-brown 
wool ;  it  is  named  the  Cinnamon  Befaria. 

230 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

BEFAEIA   COAECTATA,  Humb.  &  Bon. 

Syns.  Bejaria  coarctata. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  175,  with  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4433. 

Eaised  from  seeds  sent  home  from  Peru  by  William  Lobb  in  1847. 
The  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  is  from  a  plant  which  flowered 
in  a  cool  greenhouse  in  the  nursery  of  Messrs.  Lucombe,  Pince  &  Co., 
of  the  ancient  city  of  Exeter. 

BEPAEIA   MATHEWSII,  Fielding. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4981. 

From  seed  sent  from  the  mountains  of  Peru  by  Thomas  Lobb,  the 
cream-coloured  flowers  were  seen  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in 
March  1857. 

BEGONIA  x  ACEEIFOLIA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1899,  p.  53. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  from  the  remarkable  Burmese  species 
Begonia  Burkei  crossed  with  the  Malaysian  B.  decora. 

The  leaves  resemble  those  of  an  Acer  in  outline,  with  silvery  blotches  on 
a  dark  bronzy-green  ground. 

There  is  a  species  B.  acerifolia,  in  comparatively  common  cultivation, 
with  which  this  hybrid  must  not  be  confused. 

BEGONIA  BOLIVIENSIS,  A.  DC. 

Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  544,  fig.;   Bot.  Mag.  t.  5657;   PI.  Mag.  1867,  t.  354;   Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  fig.  p.  6. 

A  very  beautiful  plant  with  drooping  scarlet  flowers,  from  Bolivia, 
sent  by  Eichard  Pearce,  and  of  great  interest  as  one  of  the  original 
species  from  which  the  numerous  garden  varieties,  so  popular  at  the 
present  day,  have  been  derived. 

BEGONIA  BUEKEI,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  39. 

A  singular,  very  distinct  species,  introduced  from  Upper  Burmah 
through  David  Burke. 

The  leaves,  large  and  peltate,  are  on  foot-stalks  over  1  ft.  long ;  from 
their  axils  the  peduncles  bearing  much-branched  cymes  of  delicate  pink 
flowers  rise,  and  continue  in  great  beauty  through  the  late  autumn  and 
early  winter  months. 

BEGONIA  x  CAEMINATA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1896,  p.  2,  fig. 

A  handsome  Begonia,  the  result  of  a  cross  between  the  Brazilian  species 
Begonia  coccinea  and  the  South  African  B.  Dregii.  The  foliage  is  neat 

231 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

and    attractive,    the  bright   carmine-pink  flowers,    in    pendulous   cymes 
composed  of  from  twenty  to  thirty  each,  are  massive  and  effective. 

BEGONIA  COCCINEA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3990 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  1843,  vol.  x.  p.  73. 

A  very  beautiful  now  well-known  species,  from  the  Organ  Mountains 
of  Brazil,  sent  by  William  Lobb  in  1841. 

The  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1842,  soon  after  it  was 
received,  and  was  subsequently  exhibited  at  the  rooms  of  the  Horticultural 
Society  in  Eegent  Street. 

BEGONIA  CEINITA,  Oliver. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5897. 

A  very  elegant  plant  introduced  through  Pearce  from  South  America, 
with  a  tendency  in  the  branches  to  develop  hairs  on  that  surface  only 
which  faces  the  petiole  of  the  leaf  below. 

BEGONIA   DAVISII,  Hart.  Veitcli. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.  6252 ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  70,  with  fig.  ;  PI.  Mag.  n.s.  pi.  231 ; 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  22 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1877,  p.  85,  col.  pi. 

Introduced  from  the  Andes  of  Peru  through  Walter  Davis,  after  whom 
it  is  named. 

The  plant  of  dwarf  tufted  habit  has  elegant  bluish -green  foliage,  purple 
on  the  under  surface,  and  handsome  dazzling  scarlet  flowers. 

This  species  was  effectively  used  as  a  parent  by  Seden  in  obtaining  a 
dwarf  race  of  hybrids  suitable  for  summer-bedding. 

BEGONIA  DECORA,  Stapf. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1893,  p.  9,  fig.  p.  4. 

A  species  with  ornamental  foliage  from  Penang. 

The  plant  is  of  a  dwarf  compact  habit  with  a  creeping  rootstock,  from 
which  are  produced  the  handsome  leaves,  often  3  to  4  in.  long,  rich 
bronzy  red-brown  with  yellow-green  nerves,  covered  with  thick-set  papillae 
terminating  in  short  hairs. 

This  species  has  been  crossed  with  varieties  of  Begonia  Rex  by  various 
continental  growers,  and  the  offspring  are  amongst  the  finest  ornamental- 
leaved  foliage  plants  our  stoves  possess. 

BEGONIA  x  EUDOXA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1899,  p.  53,  fig. 

A  hybrid  Begonia  raised  at  Chelsea  from  Begonia  Burkei  fertilized  with 
the  pollen  of  B.  decora. 

The  oblique  leaves  6  to  9   in.  long,  of  a  bronzy-green  ground  colour, 

232 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

covered  with  small  white  spots  tinted  with  rose,  are  most  effective ;  the 
under  surface  is  rich  carmine. 

BEGONIA  FALCIFOLIA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5707. 

This  lovely  plant,  introduced  from  Peru  through  Eichard  Pearce,  by 
whom  it  was  discovered,  is  a  stove  species  with  falcate-lanceolate  leaves, 
of  a  deep  red-purple  beneath,  deep  green-bronze  on  the  upper  surface, 
and  with  numerous  rose-pink  flowers,  in  axillary  panicles  on  the  ends  of 
the  branches. 

BEGONIA  GOGOENSIS,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  B.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  71 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  121. 

A  native  of  Gogoe  in  Sumatra,  discovered  by  Curtis,  through  whom  it 
was  introduced. 

It  is  a  very  handsome  ornamental-foliaged  species  with  peltate  leaves, 
of  a  bronzy-metallic  hue  when  young,  changing  to  deep  velvety-green  when 
mature  and  intersected  by  a  paler  midrib  and  delicate  veins ;  the  under 
surface  deep  red. 

BEGONIA  x  HEBACLEICOTYLE. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  48. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  from  Begonia  heracleifolia  and  B.  hydrocoty- 
lifolia,  with  bold  attractive  leaves  6  in.  across,  and  large  pyramidal  panicles 
of  pale  pink  flowers,  which  open  in  the  early  spring. 

BEGONIA    LINEATA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  199. 

A  pretty  species,  which  dies  down  annually,  with  a  tuberous  rootstock, 
and  blackish-green  leaves  more  or  less  covered  with  silvery  spots,  sent 
home  from  Java  by  Curtis. 

BEGONIA  x  MAEGAEITACEA. 

Yeitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  2,  fig.  p.  4. 

A  hybrid  foliage  Begonia  raised  at  Chelsea,  with  leaves  of  a  deep 
bronzy-green  ground  colour  covered  with  irregular  silver-rose  spots  and 
blotches,  and  numerous  short  crimson  hairs.  The  leaves,  of  the  usual 
oblique  form,  are  toothed  along  the  margin  ;  the  under  surface  is  of  a 
glossy  vinous-red. 

BEGONIA   PEAECEI,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5545 ;  Veitcha'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  fig.  5,  col.  pi. 
This  species  was  introduced  from  La  Paz  through  Eichard  Pearce. 
The  leaves  are  very  beautiful,  of  a  dark  velvet-green  above,  dull  red 

233 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

traversed  with  pale  green  nerves  beneath,   an  agreeable  contrast  to  the 
bright  yellow  flowers. 

The  source  of  all  the  yellow-flowered  forms,  it  entered  largely  into  the 
production  of  the  summer-flowering  tuberous  varieties. 

BEGONIA  EOS^FLOEA,  Hook.  /. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5680;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  1,  fig.  ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1868,  p.  153. 

This  beautiful  species,  a  native  of  the  Bolivian  Andes,  closely  resembles 
Begonia  Veitchii. 

It  differs  in  the  stouter  red  petioles  and  scapes,  the  broader,  rounder 
leaves,  and  more  numerous  flowers,  pale  red  in  colour  as  those  of  a  Briar 
Eose,  and  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  July  1867. 

From  light-flowered  forms  of  this  species  the  first  white  tuberous 
Begonias  were  obtained,  and  these  have  steadily  improved  in  quality  for 
many  years. 

BEGONIA   VEITCHII,  Hook.  f. 

Hook.  f.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  734,  with  woodcut;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5663;  Veitchs'  Catlg. 
of  PI.  1867,  p.  11,  fig.  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  119. 

A  superb  species,  due  to  Eichard  Pearce,  who  discovered  it  near  Cuzco 
in  Peru,  at  an  elevation  of  from  10,000-12,000  ft. 

At  the  time  of  its  introduction,  this,  the  finest  species  then  known,  was 
described  in  the  Botanical  Magazine.  "  Of  all  the  species  of  Begonia 
known,  this  is,  I  think,  the  finest.  With  the  habit  of  Saxifraga  ciliata, 
immense  flowers  of  a  vivid  vermilion  cinnabar-red,  that  no  colorist  can 
reproduce,  it  adds  the  novel  feature  of  being  hardy  in  certain  parts  of 
England  at  any  rate,  if  not  in  all." 

It  flowered  with  us  for  the  first  time  in  the  open  air  in  1866. 

BEETOLONIA   PUBESCENS,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1865,  p.  485  (notice  of  exhibit)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1886,  p.  9. 
This  dwarf  stove  plant,  the  light  green  leaves  with  a  very  broad  dark 
chocolate  band  down  the  centre,  was  introduced  from  Ecuador  through 
Eichard  Pearce, 

BOEONIA   ELATIOE,  Bartl 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6285  ;  The  Garden,  1876,  pi.  xxxix.  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1877,  p.  145,  col.  pi. 
A  charming  hard-wooded   greenhouse   plant  related  to  the  older  and 
better-known  Boronia  megastigma,  but  differs  in  having  numerous  pretty, 
small  bell-shaped  flowers  of  a  bright  rose-pink  colour. 

BOUCHEA  PSEUDOGEEVAO,  Cham. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6221. 

Eaised  from  seed  imported  from  Brazil  and  first  flowered  in  1874.     The 

234 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

terminal  spikes  of  pale  rosy-purple  flowers  are  not  unlike  the  common 
Verbena  of  South  America,  to  which,  moreover,  the  plant  is  closely  allied. 

BUEBIDGEA   NITIDA,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6403  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  398,  fig.  63,  p.  401 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of 

PI.  1880,  p.  8,  with  fig. 

This  very  beautiful  stove  plant,  the  type  of  an  entirely  new  genus,  was 
discovered  by  Burbidge  when  in  Messrs.  Veitchs'  employ  in  Borneo. 

An  interesting  account  of  the  fortunate  discovery  is  given  in  the 
Gardeners'  Chronicle  quoted  above. 

The  plant  inhabits  the  shady  forests  of  the  Marut  district  in  North- 
West  Borneo,  between  the  Lawas  and  Trusan  rivers,  at  an  altitude  of 
1,000-1,500  ft. 

The  generic  name  was  given  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker  "  in  recognition  of 
Mr.  Burbidge's  eminent  services  to  horticulture,  whether  as  a  collector  in 
Borneo,  or  as  author  of  '  Cultivated  Plants,  their  Propagation  and 
Improvement.'  " 

CALATHEA   LEUCOSTACHYS,  Hook.  f. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6205. 

Sent  from  Costa  Eica  by  Endres  and  first  flowered  in  October  1874. 
The  specific  name  is  in  allusion  to  the  pure  white  tips  of  the  yellow  bracts 
with  which  the  flowers  are  subtended. 

CALATHEA   OENATA,  Koern. 

Syns.  Maranta  ornata,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 

An  ornamental-leaved  stove  plant  of  some  beauty  from  Borneo,  sent 
by  Thomas  Lobb. 

The  leaves,  elegantly  marked,  have  the  appearance  of  a  dark  green  fern 
frond  laid  upon  a  pale  greyish-green  surface. 

CALATHEA  TUBISPATHA,  Hook. 

Syns.  Maranta  tubispafha. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5542 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  8,  fig. 

Introduced  through  Eichard  Pearce  from  Western  Tropical  South 
America. 

Handsome  leaves  from  8  to  12  in.  in  length,  of  a  pale  green  colour, 
with  a  row  on  either  side  of  the  midrib  of  oblong  deep  brown  blotches,  are 
the  distinguishing  characteristics. 

235 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

CALATHEA  VEITCHIANA,  Hook. 

Syns.  Maranta  Veitchiana^  Van  Houtte. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5535;  Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  414;  id.  1870,  p.  924,  fig.  170;  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  p.  3,  fig.  1  on  col.  pi.  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  xvi.  t.  1656;  The 
Garden,  1872,  vol.  ii.  p.  544,  fig. 

A  very  beautiful  ornamental-leaved  stove  plant  from  Western  Tropical 
America,  found  by  Richard  Pearce. 

The  leaves  attain  a  height  of  2  ft.  when  mature  with  a  blade  14  in. 
long  by  9  in.  broad.  The  colouring  is  very  fine,  the  under  surface 
purplish,  the  upper  deep  shining  green  blotched  with  conspicuous  patches 
on  either  side  of  a  yellowish-green  midrib. 

CALCEOLAEIA   ALBA,  Euiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4157 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  p.  319 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  140, 
fig.  40 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  259. 

Introduced  through  William  Lobb,  when  collecting  in  Chili,  and  seed 
sent  from  which  plants  were  raised  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
September  1844. 

The  flower  is  snow-white,  globular  in  appearance,  resembling  the  ripe 
fruit  of  the  snowberry  (Symphoricarpus  racemosus). 

CALCEOLAEIA  AMPLEXICAULIS,  H.  B.  K. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4300 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  259. 

Raised  from  seed  collected  near  Muna,  in  Peru,  by  William  Lobb, 
about  the  year  1849. 

Easily  recognized  by  soft  dark  green  leaves,  which  clasp  the  stem, 
and  a  profusion  of  pale  yellow  flowers,  formerly  so  familiar  an  object 
in  gardens,  it  is  now  rarely  found,  though  having  as  a  summer-bedding 
plant  undeniable  merits. 

CALCEOLARIA   CRENATA,  Lam. 

Syns.  C.  fl oribunda,  Hook. 

Hook,  in  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4154 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  258. 
Discovered  in  the  environs  of  Quito  by  William  Lobb,  sent  home  in 
1843,  and  probably  now  lost  to  cultivation.     In   this   country   the  first 
flowers  opened  in  September  1844. 

CALCEOLARIA  DEFLEXA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Syns.  C.  fuchsicefolia,  Hemsl. ;  C.  grandis,  Hort. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6431,  as  C.  deflexa;  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  258,  col.  pi.  as  C. 
fuchsisefolia ;  Gard.  Chron.  1849  (notice  of  exhibit  as  C.  grandis)  ;  id.  1881,  vol.  i. 
p.  269. 

A  Peruvian  species  introduced  through  William  Lobb,  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  1849,  and  exhibited  as  Calceolaria  grandis. 

236 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

Figured  in  The  Garden  as  a  new  species  in  1879,  Mr.  Hemsley 
applied  the  name  C.  fuchsisefolia,  from  the  resemblance  of  the  leaves 
to  those  of  species  of  Fuchsia.  Later  in  the  same  year  Sir  Joseph 
Hooker  figured  it  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  under  the  name  of  C. 
deflexa,  remarking  at  the  same  time,  "  There  are  specimens  in  the  Herbaria 
which  were  cultivated  many  years  ago,  from  Messrs.  Veitchs'  garden  (then 
probably  at  Exeter)." 

CALCEOLAEIA  FLEXUOSA,  Buiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5154 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  259 ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1877, 

p.  137. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  by  William  Lobb  from  Peru. 

A  fine  species  of  this  extensive  genus  with  dense  massive  panicles  and 
large  yellow  flowers,  well  adapted  for  bedding-out  during  the  summer 
months. 

CALCEOLAEIA   LOBATA,    Cav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6330  ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  260. 

Introduced  from  Peru,  and  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine. 

The  leaves  are  lobed,  roundish  cordate,  the  lip  of  the  flower  remarkably 
long,  folded  back  upon  itself  about  the  middle,  in  colour  a  pale,  clear, 
yellow,  purple-red  spots  inside. 

CALCEOLAEIA  PISACOMENSIS,   Meyen. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5677 ;  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  260. 

A  species  originally  discovered  by  the  distinguished  traveller  Meyen, 
near  Arequipa,  Peru,  and  subsequently  by  our  collector,  Eichard  Pearce, 
through  whom  it  was  introduced.  A  sub- shrubby  perennial,  with  flowers 
of  a  rich  orange-red  to  bright  red,  in  cymes  on  the  upper  part  of  the 
stem  ;  first  flowered  in  August  1868. 

CALCEOLAEIA  PUNCTATA,    Vahl 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5392 ;  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  259. 

This  species  belongs  to  the  shrubby  Calceolarias,  the  same  section  as 
C.  violacea,  in  which  the  lips  of  the  corolla  are  nearly  equal,  but  not 
saccate.  The  flowers  are  lilac-coloured,  with  a  bright  yellow  blotch  on 
the  lower  lip,  and  the  plant,  a  native  of  the  southern  provinces  of  Chili, 
was  introduced  through  Pearce  in  1862. 

CALCEOLAEIA   TENELLA,    Peep.  &  Endl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6231 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  261. 

A  little  elegant  plant,  with  bright,  glossy  green  leaves,  and  pale  golden 
flowers,  the  corolla  spotted  with  red  within. 

237 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Seeds  were  sent  from  Chili  by  the  collector,  Downton,  and  plants 
raised  in  1873.  It  had  been,  however,  discovered  by  the  German 
traveller  Pceppig  in  1823,  and  later  by  the  English  collector  Bridges, 
both  of  whom  failed  to  introduce  the  plant  to  cultivation. 

CAMPSIDIUM   CHILENSE,  Beiss  &  Seem. 

Syns.  Tecoma  Guarume,  Hook.  ;   T.  mirabilis,  Hort. 
Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1182,  with  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6111,  and  sub  tab.  4896. 

This  beautiful  greenhouse  climber,  a  native  of  Chiloe  and  Chili,  known 
to  science  from  specimens  collected  by  many  travellers  prior  to  its  intro- 
duction through  William  Lobb,  has  pinnate  dark  green  leaves,  tubular 
scarlet  flowers,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1874  ;  it  is  now 
rarely  met  with. 

CANAVALIA  ENSIFOKMIS,  DC. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4027. 

This  stove -climber,  with  handsome  purple  pea-shaped  flowers,  was 
raised  from  seed  received  with  other  plants  from  Ashantee,  in  which 
country  it  is  known  as  the  "  Over-look."  It  is  planted  by  the  natives 
along  the  margin  of  their  provision  grounds,  in  the  belief  that  it  fulfils  the 
part  of  a  watchman,  and,  from  some  supposed  dreaded  power,  protects 
property  from  plunder. 

CANTUA  BICOLOE,   Lindl.   $•  Paxt. 

Syns.  Periphragmos  uniftorus  ?  Ruiz  &  Pav. 
Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  1849,  vol.  xv.  p.  220 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4729. 

The  credit  of  this  introduction  is  probably  due  to  Mr.  Low,  but  seeds 
were  sent  to  us  by  William  Lobb  about  the  same  time,  from  which 
plants  were  raised  and  flowered  in  April  1853. 

A  greenhouse  shrubby  plant,  with  handsome  drooping  flowers,  with  a 
yellow  tube  and  a  rich  scarlet  limb. 

CANTUA   DEPENDENS,   Pers. 

Syns.  C.  buxifolia,  Lam. ;  Periphragmos  dependens,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  303  (notice  of  exhibit  of  New  Plants) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4582 ;  Fl.  des 
Serres,  vol.  vii.  p.  11 ;  The  Garden,  1885,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  271,  pi.  509. 

A  beautiful  greenhouse  climbing  shrub,  with  long  drooping  orange- 
coloured  flowers  of  great  beauty  from  Peru  sent  by  William  Lobb,  and 
flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Exeter  in  May  1848,  on  which  occasion  it 
was  exhibited  before  the  Horticultural  Society,  and  awarded  the  Society's 
large  Silver  Medal. 

It  is  the  "  Magic  Tree  "  of  the  Peruvian  Indians, 

238 


Q   o 


CANTUA   PYEIFOLIA,   Juss. 

Syns.  Peripliragmos  flexuosa,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4386  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  p.  385. 

This,  not  by  any  means  the  most  showy  of  the  species  of  Cantua,  was 
raised  from  seed  collected  by  William  Lobb  in  Peru,  and  first  flowered 
in  March  1848. 

The  flowers  in  a  dense  terminal  corymb,  individually  funnel-shaped, 
cream-white  in  colour,  have  a  limb  composed  of  five  pure  white 
segments. 

CAEAGUATA   ANGUSTIFOLIA,  /.  G.  Baker. 

J.  G.  Baker  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  616  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7137. 

A  distinct  species  discovered  by  Kalbreyer  when  collecting  in  New 
Grenada,  with  green  leaves,  red-brown  veins,  and  flowers  bright  yellow, 
subtended  by  scarlet  bracts  tipped  with  green. 

First  flowered  in  the  houses  at  Kew  in  1884. 

CAEAGUATA   ZAHNII,   Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Tillandsia  Zahnii,  Hort.  Veitch. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6059;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  14,  fig. 

Introduced  through  Zahn,  who  discovered  it  on  his  great  journey  to 
Costa  Eica  in  1870,  in  Chiriqui,  Central  America,  shortly  before  he 
perished  by  drowning. 

A  handsome  stove  plant,  with  leaves  1  ft.  long,  the  base  yellow  with 
crimson  stripes,  the  middle  portion  bright  crimson,  passing  into  green  at 
the  tips. 

The  flowers,  in  dense  panicles,  on  the  end  of  erect  scapes,  are  pale 
yellow  in  colour,  subtended  by  bright  scarlet  bracts. 

Flowers  opened  for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea  in  May  1873. 

CAVENDISHIA   ACUMINATA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Thibaudia  acuminata,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5752 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  10,   fig. 

This  showy,  free-flowering  greenhouse  shrub,  a  native  of  the  Andes 
of  Columbia,  sent  by  Eichard  Pearce,  produced  its  brilliant  scarlet  tubular 
flowers  for  the  first  time  in  November  1868. 

CELMISIA   MUNEOI,   Hook.  f. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7496. 

One  of  the  handsomest  of  the  New  Zealand  Daisy  bushes,  the  Asters  of 
other  parts  of  the  world.  The  flowers  resemble  a  large  Marguerite  Daisy, 

239 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

the  ray  florets  white  and  the  disk  yellow ;  the  leaves  strap-shaped,  dark 
green,  with  an  electric  coloured  pellicle  and  a  silvery  woolly  under  surface. 
It  is  hardy  in  the  warmer  localities  of  the  British  Isles. 

CELMISIA   SPECTABILIS,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6653. 

This,  the  first  species  of  a  handsome  genus  to  be  cultivated  in  this 
country,  is  a  native  of  New  Zealand,  where  the  family  represents  the 
Asters  and  Erigerons  of  the  Old  and  New  Worlds.  With  this  sole 
exception  they  are  absent  from  the  Archipelago. 

Celmisia  spectabilis  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  May  1882. 

CELOSIA   HUTTONI,  Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  215,  with  figs.;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Garden  and  Fl.  Seeds,  1873, 
p.  30,  figs. ;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  i.  p.  395. 

An  ornamental-leaved  plant  introduced  in  1870  from  Java,  through 
Henry  Hutton,  after  whom  it  is  named. 

It  has  deep  claret-coloured  leaves  and  scarlet  flowers,  and,  although  a 
stove  perennial,  succeeds  as  a  half-hardy  annual,  and  as  such  is  a  most 
useful  subject  for  summer-bedding. 

CENTEOPOGON    COCCINEUS,  Begel 

Syns.  Sipho campy lus  coccineus,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4178;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xii.  p.  173;  PI.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  ix. 

Sent  by  William  Lobb  from  the  Organ  mountains  of  Brazil  to  Exeter, 
and  first  flowered  in  June  1845,  and  awarded  a  silver  gilt  medal  by  the 
Horticultural  Society  at  Chiswick  and  by  the  Koyal  Botanic  Society  in 
Eegent's  Park  the  following  month. 

It  is  a  stove  species  with  tubular  red  flowers,  unhappily  seldom  seen 
in  cultivation. 

CEPH^ILIS   TOMENTOSA,  Willd. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6696. 

A  very  singular  plant  related  to  the  species  that  yields  the  valuable 
medicinal  Ipecacuanha,  but  of  different  appearance.  A  native  of  tropical 
America,  introduced  from  British  Guiana. 

CEKATOSTEMA    LONGIFLOEUM,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1848,   p.  87,  fig.;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4779;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix. 

p.  197. 

A  splendid  ericaceous  shrub  with  tubular  flowers  nearly  2  in.  long, 
of  a  rich  orange-scarlet  colour,  introduced  from  the  Andes  of  Peru 

240 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

through  William  Lobb,  and  first  exhibited  at  the  Chiswick  Horticultural 
Summer  Exhibition  of  1853. 

It  is  a  very  pretty  evergreen  greenhouse  shrub,  loving  a  melange  of 
peat  and  sand. 

CEEOPEGIA    CUMINGIANA,  Dene. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4349. 

Sent  from  Java  by  Thomas  Lobb,  and  first  flowered  in  August  1847  : 
dried  specimens  had  previously  been  obtained  from  Manila  by  Cuming, 
and  named  in  his  honour. 

A  stove  climber  with  numerous  flowers  of  peculiar  shape,  coloured 
with  transverse  bands  of  white,  red,  chocolate,  and  yellow. 

CEEOPEGIA   GAEDNEEI,  Thwaites. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5306. 

A  native  of  Ceylon,  first  detected  by  Mr.  Gardner,  whose  name  it  bears, 
on  Eambaddo,  at  an  elevation  of  4,000-5,000  ft.  In  this  country  a  green- 
house climber,  it  has  the  peculiar  shaped  flowers  typical  of  the  genus,  and 
ovate  leaves  purple  on  the  under  surface. 

CHIEITA   EBUENEA,  Ranee. 

Journal  of  Botany,  1883,  vol.  xxi.  p.  168. 

A  gesneraceous  greenhouse  plant  with  radical  lanceolate-ovate  leaves 
and  tubular  pinkish  flowers  on  a  white  background,  in  clusters  on 
erect  stems,  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China ;  flowered  at 
Coombe  Wood  in  1903. 

CHIEITA   HOESFIELDII,  B.  Br. 

Syns.  Liebiijia  speciosa,  DC. ;  Tromsdorffia  speciosa,  Blume. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4315  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1846,  p.  599  (Report  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants). 

A  beautiful  gesneraceous  plant,  with  flowers  in  corymbs  in  the  axils 
of  the  uppermost  leaves  on  stems  If  to  2  ft.  high  resembling  those  of  a 
Gloxinia. 

The  somewhat  large  coarse  foliage  hides  many  of  the  flowers  and 
detracts  from  any  horticultural  merit. 

Introduced  from  Java  through  Thomas  Lobb,  first  exhibited  in  bloom 
on  September  1st  1846  before  the  Horticultural  Society,  and  now 
probably  lost  to  cultivation. 

CLEMATIS   SMILACIFOLIA,  Wall. 

Syns.  G.  glandulosa,  Blume. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4259 ;  Gard  Chron.  1856,  p.  338  (advt.). 

A  stove  species  of  "  Traveller's  Joy,"  with  leaves  resembling 
some  large-leaved  species  of  Smilax,  and  dark  purple,  almost  black, 

241 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

floral   segments;    the    central    mass    of    pure  white    anthers   a   striking 
contrast. 

This  climber  was  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Thomas  Lobb, 
many  years  since,  from  Mount  Salak  in  Java. 

CLERODENDEON    CRUENTUM,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  I860,  p.  339  (Report  of  Show) ;  id.  p.  456,  Lindl. 

Imported  through  Thomas  Lobb,  this  stove  species,  with  rich  red 
flowers,  was  exhibited  before  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society  in  April 
1860,  and  created  much  interest. 

CLERODENDRON    ILLUSTRE,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  424. 

Introduced  by  Curtis,  who  discovered  it  in  Celebes,  the  species  is  valuable 
for  the  bright  vermilion  scarlet  flowers  on  red  branches  in  dense  terminal 
panicles. 

CLIANTHUS   DAMPIERI,  All  Cunn. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.  5051 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1858,  p.  476;  PI.  des  Serres,  1850,  torn.  vi.  p.  121 ; 
The  Garden,  1890,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  299,  fig. 

This  remarkable  plant,  commonly  known  as  "  Sturt's  Pea,"  was 
first  met  with  in  the  dry  sandy  islands  of  Dampier's  Archipelago, 
North-West  Australia,  by  that  renowned  navigator  and  buccaneer, 
whose  name  it  commemorates.  In  1817  Allan  Cunningham  found  it 
in  New  South  Wales,  and  later  on  Captain  Sturt  met  with  it  in  the 
same  region,  growing  on  sterile  bleak  open  flats  skirting  Prince  Regent's 
Lake. 

It  first  flowered  in  this  country  at  Exeter,  was  exhibited  before  the 
Horticultural  Society  of  London  at  St.  James's  Hall  on  April  21st  1858, 
and  awarded  a  Silver  Medal. 

COFFEA  BENGHALENSIS,  Eoxb. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4917. 

A  native  of  the  mountains  of  the  north-eastern  frontier  of  India,  chiefly 
about  Silhet,  and  brought  many  years  ago  to  Calcutta,  where  it  was  for 
some  time  much  cultivated  under  the  idea  that  it  was  the  real  Coffee 
of  Arabia.  The  plant  from  which  the  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine 
was  taken  was  sent  to  this  country  by  Thomas  Lobb. 

COLEUS  GIBSONII,  Verlot. 

Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  432  (advt.)  ;  PI.  Mag.  1867,  t.   338;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866, 

fig.  6  on  col.  pi. 

Coleus   Gibsonii  was  found  by  the   late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  New 

242 


STOVE    AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

Caledonia,  in  vast  quantities,  the  highly  coloured  foliage  a  striking 
feature.  It  was  used  as  a  parent  in  the  production  of  the  numerous 
hybrids  now  in  cultivation,  and  proved  most  unusually  prolific. 

COLEUS  VEITCHII,  Hort.  Vcitcli. 
Fl.  Mag.  1867,  t.  345 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  with  fig. 

Introduced  from  New  Caledonia  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  leaves,  of  heart-shaped  outline,  are  of  a  deep  chocolate  colour  with 
a  lively  green  edge.  This  species,  with  Coleus  Gibsonii,  was  much  used 
by  the  hybridist,  and  some  very  beautiful-leaved  varieties  resulted,  more 
especially  those  which  originated  in  the  Gardens  of  the  Koyal  Horticultural 
Society  at  Chiswick. 

COLOCASIA  AEFINIS,  Schott. 

Syns.  Alocasia  Jennmgsii,  T.  Moore. 

1'Illus.  Horfc.  1869,  t.  585 ;    Fl.   des  Serres,  t.   1818 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1868,  p.  276,  with 
fig.  ;   Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  4,  with  fig. 

Introduced  from  India.  A  fine  foliaged  stove  plant  with  glaucous  green 
leaves  blotched  with  deep  blackish-green,  and  a  prominent  venation  very 
effective  when  well  grown. 

The  plant  was  honoured  with  a  Silver  Medal  when  shown  before  the 
Koyal  Horticultural  Society  in  May  1867. 

COLUMNEA   KALBREYERI,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6633 ;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  pp.   44,  216,  with  fig.  ;  Fl. 

and  Pom.  1882,  p.  26. 

A  superb  discovery  by  Kalbreyer,  whose  name  it  bears,  when 
travelling  in  the  province  of  Antioquia,  growing  on  trees  in  the  forests 
of  Cinegetas.  The  striking  contrast  afforded  by  the  pale-green, 
yellow-mottled  upper  surface,  and  the  blood-red  under  surface  of  the 
leaves,  with  the  golden  yellow  of  the  flowers,  forms  one  of  the  most 
distinct  of  the  many  colour  contrasts  to  be  found  in  the  vegetable 
kingdom. 

CORDIA   DECANDRA,  Hook.  &  Arn. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  564 ;  Eot.  Mag.  t.  6279. 

A  beautiful  greenhouse  shrub  with  large  white  flowers,  sent  from  Chile 
in  1849  through  William  Lobb. 

The  excessively  hard  wood  is  much  used  for  charcoal,  and  it  is  from  this 
the  local  name  "  Carbon "  is  derived.  It  is  also  used  for  smelting 
copper. 

The  specimen  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  first  flowered  at 
Chelsea  in  May  1875. 

243 


COEEEA   CAEDINALIS,  Muell 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4912 ;  The  Florist,  1856,  pi.  116. 

This  handsome  hard-wooded  greenhouse  plant,  with  scarlet  tubular 
flowers  tipped  with  green,  was  originally  discovered  by  Dr.  Ferdinand 
(afterwards  Baron  von)  Miiller  in  sandy  places  in  the  sterile  plain  of  Port 
Albert,  Victoria,  South  Australia. 

Eaised  from  seed  from  the  same  locality,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time 
in  England  in  May  1856. 

CEAWFUEDIA   FASCICULATA,  Wall. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4838. 

One  of  the  climbing  Gentians,  a  plant  with  beautiful  blue  flowers,  raised 
from  seed  sent  by  Thomas  Lobb  from  Khasia. 

Plants  flowered  under  glass  for  the  first  time  in  January  1855. 

CEOSSANDEA  GUINEENSIS,  Nees. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6346. 

A  charming  plant  with  dark-green  leaves,  golden  reticulation,  and  spikes 
of  rose-purple  flowers,  long  known  to  science  prior  to  introduction,  but 
only  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  October  1877. 

CEOTON   ANEITUMENSIS,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1881,  p.  31. 

The  midribs,  margins,  and  principal  veins  of  the  leaves  of  this  variety 
are  coloured  gamboge-yellow  on  a  bright  green  ground. 

CEOTON   APPENDICULATUS,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  20,  fig.  p.  9 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1879,  p.  67,  fig. 

A  peculiar  variety  in  which  the  blade  of  the  leaf  is  separated  by  a 
considerable  interval  occupied  by  the  midrib  only. 

CEOTON   AUCUBJEFOLIUM,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1879,  p.  2,  fig. 

Introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  South  Sea 
Islands,  the  foliage  bears  a  strong  resemblance  to  the  well-known  vulgar 
Aucuba  japonica  of  gardens. 

CEOTON   AUEEO-MACULATUS,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1878,  p.  26 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  430. 
A  variety  with  neat  and  small  foliage,  bright  green  spotted  with  yellow. 

244 


CROTON      CAUDATUS     TORTILIS 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

CEOTON   AUEEO-MAEMOEATUS,   Hort. 

Fl.  aud  Pom.  1882,  p.  122 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  13. 

Introduced  through  Charles  Moore,  Esq. 

The  leaves,  fully  1  ft.  long  and  3  in.  broad,  beautifully  variegated  with 
bright  golden-yellow  on  a  deep  olive-green  ground. 

CEOTON   BISMAECK. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  51. 

A  form  intermediate  in  the  shape  of  the  leaves  between  the  trilobed  and 
broadly  lance-shaped  varieties,  spotted  and  blotched  with  yellow  on  a 
green  ground. 

CEOTON   BEAG^ANUS,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  17 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  122. 

An  elegant  variety  with  pendulous  lance-shaped  leaves  18  to  21  in. 
long,  deep  olive-green,  speckled  and  spotted  in  a  quaint  way  with  bright 
yellow  of  various  shades. 

It  was  dedicated  to  Senhor  Jose  Terceiro  Da  Silva  Braga,  formerly 
well  known  in  Portugal  as  a  distinguished  and  enlightened  patron  of 
Horticulture. 

CEOTON   CAUDATUS   TOETILIS,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  14,  fig.  p.  5. 

A  twisted-leaved  variety,  one  of  the  best  in  cultivation,  introduced 
through  Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  at  one  time  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic 
Gardens,  Sydney,  and  the  last  Government  servant  to  be  appointed  to 
such  a  post  by  the  home  authorities. 

CEOTON   CHALLENGER 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  10. 

A  long-leaved  variety  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  found  by  Peter  C.  M. 
Veitch,  and  also  by  Sir  William  MacArthur,  of  Camden  Park,  Sydney, 
N.S.W. 

The  ground  colour  of  the  leaf-blade  is  light  green,  blotched  and  streaked 
with  yellow,  assuming  a  rosy  tinge  with  age. 

CEOTON   CHEYSOPCECILUS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1885,  p.  34. 

The  foliage  of  this  variety  offers  a  striking  instance  of  the  peculiar  color- 
ation to  which  the  foliage  of  Crotons  is  subject.  The  midrib,  foot-stalks, 
and  sometimes  two-thirds  of  the  length  of  the  entire  leaf,  is  coloured  pale 
canary-yellow,  the  remainder  a  deep  olive-green. 

24.5  R 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CEOTON    COMTE    DE    GEEMINY. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  20. 

A  handsome  variety  with  broad  leaves,  coloured  crimson  along  the 
midrib  and  blotched  with  light  golden-yellow  on  the  blade,  dedicated 
to  the  Comte  de  Germiny  in  recognition  of  that  noble's  continuous 
patronage  of  Horticulture. 

CROTON    COOPEEI,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  11,  fig.  p.  6. 

A  variety  with  large  oblong  slightly  wavy  leaves,  conspicuously  veined 
and  blotched  with  yellow,  the  markings,  as  the  foliage  ages,  developing 
shades  of  red. 

CEOTON   COENUTUM,   Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  884 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  18,  fig.  p.  6. 

An  introduction  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  one  of  the 
South  Sea  Islands. 

A  compact  growing  variety  with  curious  horn -like  processes  at  the  apex 
of  the  leaves  caused  by  an  extension  of  the  midrib. 

CEOTON    CEONSTADTII,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  17,  fig.  p.  8 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  122. 
Leaves  twisted  and  crisped,  glossy  green  margined  and  variegated  with 
yellow — lost  to  cultivation. 

CEOTON  DAYSPEING. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  32. 

A  variety  introduced  through  Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  late  of  the  Botanic 
Gardens,  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

CEOTON  DISEAELI. 

Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  420,  figs.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1876,  p.  20,  fig.  p.  10. 
A  variety  with  trilobed  leaves  marked  and  blotched  with  yellow  on  a 
green  ground,  sent  to  us  by  A.  H.  C.  Macafee,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

CEOTON  EAEL  OF  DEEBY. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  27. 

A  trilobed-leaved  form  of  the  Disraeli  type,  with  nearly  the  whole 
central  portion  of  the  leaf-blade  yellow,  the  margins  and  tips  of  the  lobes 
a  grassy  green. 

CEOTON   EVANSIANUS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  23,  fig.  p.  7. 

A  very  handsome  form  remarkable  for  the  deep  colouring  of  its  trilobed 
leaves,  and  still  to-day  a  garden  favourite. 

246 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

When  first  formed  these  are  light  olive-green  with  midribs  and  veins  of 
golden-yellow ;  when  mature  the  ground  colour  deepens  to  bright  bronzy 
crimson  and  the  yellow  to  an  orange-scarlet. 

It  was  introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  Peter  C.  M. 
Veitch. 

CEOTON    FOEDII,    Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  20. 
A  dwarf-growing  form  with  richly  coloured  trilobed  leaves. 

CEOTON   HANBUEYANUS,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  33,  fig. 

A  variety  with  leaves  of  varied  coloration,  introduced  through  Charles 
Moore,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

CEOTON    HAEWOODIANUS,   Sort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  26. 

A  form  with  dimorphous  foliage  of  bright  and  varied  colour,  the  larger 
leaves  are  10  in.  in  length  and  the  smaller  little  more  than  6  in. 

CEOTON    HAWKEEI,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  23,  fig.  p.  8. 

For  this  variety  we  are  indebted  both  to  Lady  Eobinson,  of  Govern- 
ment House,  Sydney,  N.S.W.,  and  to  Charles  Moore,  Esq. 

The  leaves  have  the  middle  and  lower  portion  together  with  the  foot- 
stalks, coloured  bright  yellow,  the  margins  and  tips  tending  to  a  bright 
green. 

CEOTON    HILLIANUM,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  2. 

Introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  South  Sea 
Islands,  and  remarkable  for  the  reddish-yellow  effect  of  the  foliage. 

CEOTON    HOOKEEI,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.   15,   fig.   5 ;  Gard.   Chron.  1868,  p.  943 ;  Fl.  and  Pom. 

1871,  p.  199,  fig. 

A  beautiful  form  with  leaves  marked  in  the  same  manner  as  the  Milk- 
maid Holly,  introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch. 

CEOTON    INTEEEUPTUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1868,  p.   16,  fig.  p.  8;   Gard.  Chron.   1868,  p.  844;  id.  1870, 

p.  137,  fig. 

Introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch. 

247 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  leaves,  prettily  variegated  with  red,  exhibit  the  peculiar  phaenome- 
non  of  being  in  separate  portions,  connected  only  by  an  unusually 
powerful  midrib. 

CEOTON   IEBEGULAEE,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  17,  fig.  p.  9. 

The  leaves  of  this  variety  are  of  variable  size  and  shape,  dark  green, 
more  or  less  spotted  with  yellow. 

It  was  introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  South 
Sea  Islands. 

CEOTON   JOHANNIS,   Hort. 

Syns.  C.  angustissimum. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  844;  id.  1871,  p.  612,  fig.  123  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1871,  p.  14, 

fig.  p.  3. 

A  variety  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  after  whom  it  was  named,  with  long  narrow  leaves  of  a  glossy 
green  colour,  the  centre  and  margins  flaked  with  bright  yellow. 

CEOTON   LACTEUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1872,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  4. 

A  distinct  variety  introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from 
the  South  Sea  Islands. 

The  leaves,  of  dark  shining  green,  have  broad  lines  of  milky  or  yellowish- 
white  colour. 

CEOTON    MACAETHUEI,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1877,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  7. 

Sent  to  us  by  Sir  William  MacArthur  of  Camden  Park,  Sydney,  N.S.W., 
a  well-known  Australian  amateur,  in  whose  honour  it  was  named. 

The  leaves  are  effectively  variegated  with  large  blotches  and  flakes  of 
yellow  on  a  bright-green  ground. 

CEOTON    MACULATUS    KATONII,   Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  430;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  11. 
Also  due  to  Sir  William  MacArthur  of  Camden  Park,  Sydney,  N.S.W. 
It  is  a  trilobed    form    of    the    Disraeli    type,  with   numerous    bright 
yellow  spots  scattered  over  the  deep  but  bright  green  leaf -blade. 

CEOTON    MAXIMUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1871,  p.  36  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1668,  fig.  ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  p.  534. 
Introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the   South  Sea 
Islands ;  a  species  with  large  leaves  of  oblong  form,  bright  golden-yellow 
in  colour,  blotched  on  either  side  of  the  centre  with  olive-green  bands. 

248 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

CEOTON    MOOEEANUS,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  11. 

Sent  to  us  by  Charles  Moore,  Esq. ;  the  midrib  and  margin  of  the  leaf 
bright  orange-yellow  on  an  olive-green  ground. 

CEOTON    MULTICOLOE,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  15,  fig.  p.  4 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1872,  p.  89,  fig. 

Introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch. 

The  leaves,  of  irregular  shape,  are  light  green  in  colour  blotched  with 
yellow,  reddish-yellow,  and  red. 

CEOTON    NEVILLLE,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  9. 

A  native  of  the  South  Sea  Islands,  named  in  compliment  to  Lady 
Dorothy  Nevill,  as  a  tribute  to  this  great  lady's  interest  in  gardening. 

The  leaves,  variegated  green,  yellow,  and  crimson,  are  suffused  with  a 
metallic  hue  peculiar  to  this  plant. 

CEOTON   NOBILIS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  22,  fig.  8 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1878,  p.  133,  fig. 

A  beautiful  variety  with  long,  lanceolate,  weeping  leaves,  found  in  the 
South  Sea  Islands. 

CEOTON   OVALIFOLIUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  16,  fig.  p.  6. 

A  very  distinct  form  with  large  oval  leaves,  from  the  South  Sea  Islands 
through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

CEOTON  PEINCESS  OF  WALES. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  26,  fig. 

A  very  graceful  variety  with  pendant  foliage.  The  leaves  are  some 
24  in.  in  length,  coloured  light  yellow  in  the  centre,  margined  with  light 
olive-green  profusely  spotted  with  yellow. 

CEOTON   EECUEVIFOLIUS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  37,  fig.  p.  34. 

A  very  fine  broad-leaved  variety,  the  foliage  dense  and  gracefully 
recurved  at  the  tips,  the  yellow-crimson  and  deep  olive-green  variegation 
unusually  brilliant. 

249 


HORTUS  VEITCHII 

CEOTON   BEGINS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  22,  fig.  p.  12 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1879,  p.  59,  fig. 

Sent  to  us  by  J.  E.  Young,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W. ;  this  handsome 
form  has  crimson  midribs  and  veins,  and  a  leaf-blade  deep  olive-green 
sparingly  spotted  with  yellow. 

CEOTON    SINITZINIANUS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  37,  fig.  p.  35. 

This  variety,  for  which  we  are  indebted  to  the  kindness  of  Sir  William 
Macarthur,  Camden  Park,  Sydney,  N.S.W.,  has  narrow  lance-shaped 
leaves  of  a  deep  olive-green  streaked  with  straw. 

It  is  named  in  compliment  to  M.  Peter  Sinitzin,  an  accomplished 
Eussian  amateur. 

CEOTON    TOETILIS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  22,  fig.  p.  9. 

A  peculiar  and  remarkable  form  with  the  leaf-blade  twisted  in  a  spiral 
manner  around  the  midrib. 

CEOTON    UNDULATUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  19,  fig.  p.  7. 

Introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch. 

Of  unusually  free  growth,  the  margins  of  the  leaves  are  beautifully 
undulated  and  wavy. 

CEOTON  VAEIABILIS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  22. 

Sent  by  A.  H.  C.  Macafee,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W. 
It  has  long  leaves,  marbled,  blotched  and  flaked  with  various  shades  of 
orange,  bronze-yellow,  and  crimson. 

CEOTON   VEITCHIANUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  19,  fig.  p.  7. 

This  introduction  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  has  leaves  which  attain  a  large  size  effectively  variegated 
with  rose,  carmine-purple,  and  creamy  yellow. 

CEOTON   WEISMANNI,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1872,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  3 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1873,  p.  55,  fig. 
A  very  handsome  form  introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  with 
long  and  narrow  leaves  not  unlike  a  Dracaena,  splashed  with  bright  golden- 
yellow  on  a  dark  shining  green  ground. 

250 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

CEOTON   YOUNGII,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  4. 

This  variety,  sent  through  J.  E.  Young,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W., 
has  leaves  coloured  with  creamy  yellow  and  bright  rosy  red  on  a  dark 
green  ground. 

CUPHEA  COED  ATA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4208 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1846,  p.  477  (Notice  of  Exhibition)  ;  Fl.  des  Serres, 

1846,  pi.  vii. 

A  native  of  the  hills  and  woods  of  Peru,  about  Huassahuassi,  Chacalla, 
Acomayo,  and  Huanuco.  From  the  last-named  locality  seed  was  sent  to 
Exeter  by  William  Lobb  in  1842  ;  plants  raised  and  flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  1845. 

This  beautiful  species  has  remarkable  flowers,  a  scarlet  tubular  calyx 
and  two  large  petals  held  erect  as  banners,  and  is  much  valued  by  the 
Peruvians,  who  credit  it  with  various  medicinal  properties. 

CUECUMA  AUSTEALASICA,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5620. 

Introduced  from  Cape  York,  North  Australia,  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  and  first  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  August  1866. 

Prior  to  this  discovery  no  species  belonging  to  the  extensive  genus 
Curcuma  had  been  known  to  inhabit  the  Southern  hemisphere. 

CUECUMA   SUMATEANA,   Miq. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  393. 

This  plant,  introduced  from  Sumatra  through  Curtis,  is  a  stove  species 
with  dense  spikes  of  yellow  flowers  and  large  deep  orange-red  bracts. 

DAEWINIA  FIMBEIATA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Genethyllis  fim'briata,  Kipp. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5468 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  7,  fig. 

A  beautiful  inhabitant  of  the  greenhouse  from  South- West  Australia, 
first  flowered  in  June  1864. 

The  flowers  are  small  and  insignificant,  but  the  bright  rose-coloured 
fringed  scales,  resembling  a  large  drooping  bell- shaped  flower,  are  very 
attractive,  and  for  this  reason  alone  it  is  cultivated. 

DENDEOSEEOS   MACEOPHYLLA,   Don. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6353. 

A  handsome  shrubby  greenhouse  plant  of  the  peculiar  group  of  tree 
Composites,  now  lost  to  cultivation. 

251 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

This  genus  confined  to  the  Juan  Fernandez  group  of  Islands,  whence 
it  was  first  imported  through  Downton,  flowered  in  August  1877. 

DIANTHEEA  CILIATA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Syns.  Helper  one  ciliata,  Hook.  ;  Jacobinia  ciliata,  Nees. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5888;  Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  1567. 

A  pretty  winter-flowering  stove  plant  with  violet-purple  flowers,  raised 
from  seed  received  from  Venezuela,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
November  1870  ;  it  had  also  been  collected  in  Panama  and  Peru. 

DIDYMOCAEPUS   CKINITA,   Jack. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4554 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  p.  303. 

An  interesting  stove  plant,  its  beauty  dependent  on  the  rich  velvety 
appearance  of  the  leaves,  purple  on  the  lower  surface ;  the  flowers  are 
white,  sparsely  produced. 

Sent  from  Singapore  by  Thomas  Lobb,  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
June  of  1846. 

DIDYMOCAEPUS   LACUNOSA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7236;  Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  120,  fig.  38,  p.  211. 

A  lovely  little  Gesneraceous  plant  with  flowers  similar  to  those  of  a 
Streptocarpus,  discovered  by  Charles  Curtis  in  the  Island  of  Langkawi, 
on  the  west  side  of  the  Malayan  Peninsula,  first  flowered  at  Chelsea  in 
July  1891,  and  it  was  from  this  material  the  plate  in  the  Botanical 
Magazine  was  prepared. 

DIDYMOCAEPUS   MALAYANUS,   Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  123,  fig.  24;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7536;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

1897,  p.  6,  fig. 

A  charming  little  plant  due  to  Charles  Curtis,  when  in  charge  of  the 
Botanic  Gardens,  Penang,  through  whom  it  was  introduced. 

The  flowers,  similar  in  appearance  to  those  of  Streptocarpus  Eexii,  are 
of  a  pure  primrose-yellow  with  a  darker  yellow  blotch  on  the  lowermost 
segment. 

DIEFFENBACHIA  BOWMANNI,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  6,  fig. ;  Eev.  Hort.  1872,  p.  198  ;  The  Garden,  1874,  vol.  v. 

p.  416,  fig. 

A  fine  species  discovered  by  David  Bowman  during  his  trip  to  South 
Brazil. 

It  is  distinguished  by  very  large  leaves,  of  a  pleasing  light-green  colour 
spotted  with  dark  and  nearly  black  green  blotches. 

252 


DIEFFENBACHIA  JENMANI,    Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  8,  fig. ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1884,  p.  58. 

A  species  from  British  Guiana  sent  to  us  by  the  discoverer,  Mr.  G.  S. 
Jenman,  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Georgetown,  in  whose 
honour  it  is  named. 

A  handsome  stove  plant  with  bold  foliage  banded  and  spotted  with 
cream-white  on  a  bright  green  ground. 

DIEFFENBACHIA  PEAECEI,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  fig. 

A  stove  plant  with  ornamental  foliage  from  Ecuador  found  by  and 
named  after  Eichard  Pearce. 

The  large  leaves  have  a  broad  creamy-white  midrib,  and  irregular 
blotches  of  the  same  colour  scattered  over  the  surface. 

DIEFFENBACHIA  PICTA,    Schott. 

Syns.  D.  braziliensis,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  7,  fig. 

A  handsome  species  from  Brazil,  with  large  leaves  effectively  spotted 
with  white  or  yellowish- white  on  a  pale  green  base. 

DIPLADENIA   ACUMINATA,   Hook. 

Syns.  D.  magnified,,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4828;  Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  455;  The  Florist,  1854,  col.  pi. 

A  native  of  Brazil,  a  beautiful  stove  climber  with  large  deep  rose- 
coloured  flowers,  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  Chelsea  in 
July  1854,  and  still  popular. 

DIPLADENIA  ATEOPUEPUEEA,   A.  DC. 

Syns.  Echites  atropurpurea,  Lindl.    - 

Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1843,  t.   27;    Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  1842,  vol.   ix.  p.  199;  PI.  des  Serres, 
torn.  i.  p.  70 ;  The  Garden,  1893,  vol.  xliv.  p.  488,  col.  pi.  937. 

A  handsome  stove  climber  from  Brazil,  first  flowered  in  1842,  when  it 
was  exhibited  before  the  Horticultural  Society  of  London,  and  awarded 
a  Banksian  Medal  as  a  new  plant  of  exceptional  merit. 

Soon  lost  to  cultivation,  it  was  not  re-introduced  until  it  appeared  as  a 
seedling  on  a  clump  of  Cattleya  imported  in  1889  by  Mr.  Eussell  Clarke  of 
Croydon. 

DIPLADENIA  BOLIVIENSIS,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5783 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  6,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Bolivia  through  Eichard  Pearce,  and  flowered  at 
Chelsea  for  the  first  time  in  June  1868. 

253 


HORTUS    VE1TCHII 

The  pure  white  flowers  have  a  rich  orange-yellow  throat,  and  are 
usually  less  than  1  to  If  in.  across. 

DIPLADENIA   SPLENDENS,   A.  DC. 

Syns.  Echites  splendens,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  3976 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  x.  p.  25 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  i.  p.  74. 

A  beautiful  stove  climber  described  in  Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine  in 
the  following  terms : — 

"  This  is  unquestionably  the  most  beautiful  of  the  many  handsome 
species  of  this  genus,  and  may  vie  with  the  choicest  productions  of  Flora 
which  have  been  of  late  years  introduced  to  our  gardens.  It  was  sent 
from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  by  William  Lobb  in  1841.  Only  three 
plants  were  met  with,  and  these  all  reached  Exeter  in  a  living  state." 

DIPLADENIA  UEOPHYLLA,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4414;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xvi.  p.  67. 

A  stove  species  with  salmon-coloured  flowers  inclined  to  purple,  obtained 
from  seed  sent  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  by  Thomas  Lobb. 

DIPTEEACANTHUS   SPECTABILIS,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4494 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  torn.  vi.  p.  49. 

A  stove  plant  with  charming  blue  flowers,  raised  from  seed  sent  from 
the  Andes  of  Peru  by  William  Lobb,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
August  1849. 

DEAC^NA  ALBICANS,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  10,  fig. 

A  distinct  form  of  Dracaena  terminalis,  with  large,  somewhat  undulated 
leaves,  of  a  pleasing  green  colour,  variegated  with  white  when  mature, 
and  occasionally  developing  some  others  in  which  all  colouring  matter  is 
entirely  absent. 

DEAC^ENA  ALBO-VIEENS,   Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  12. 

A  graceful  form  with  bright  green  leaves,  margined  creamy-white  and 
light  crimson :  white  sometimes  predominates,  others  have  light  crimson 
or  pink  most  in  evidence. 

DEACON  A   AMABILIS,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1873,  p.  14,  fig.  p.  7 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1874,  p.  75,  fig. 

The  leaves  of  this  beautiful  variety  are  from  24  to  30  in.  in  length  and 
4  to  5  in.  in  breadth,  bright  glossy  green  in  colour,  marked  and  suffused 
with  pink  and  creamy  white,  when  mature  distinctly  rose-coloured. 

254 


STOVE    AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

DEACJENA   BALMOEEANA,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  8,  fig.  p.  12. 

An  interesting  variety  introduced  from  the  islands  in  the  South  Pacific 
Ocean  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  foliage,  as  it  ages,  has  a  metallic  lustre,  and  is  conspicuously 
marked  with  rich  rose-coloured  stripes  of  variable  length  and  width. 

The  venation  is  very  distinct  and  regular. 

DEAC^NA    BAPTISTI,  Hort. 

Fl.  and  Pom.  1875,  p.  53,  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  50,  fig.  p.  49. 

A  distinct  and  highly  ornamental  variety  received  by  us  from  our 
correspondents,  Messrs.  John  Baptist  &  Sons  of  Sydney,  N.S.W.,  in 
compliment  to  whom  it  is  named. 

Bold  foliage,  leaves  measuring  from  2  to  3  ft.,  margined  and  striped 
with  yellow  and  pink,  and  the  additional  charm  of  a  stem  similarly 
variegated ;  a  very  valuable  stove  plant. 

DEAC^ENA   CHELSONI,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  11. 

Introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  South  Sea 
Islands. 

The  ground  colour  of  the  leaves  deep  glossy  green,  almost  black,  which, 
as  the  plant  attains  age,  become  mottled  and  suffused  with  a  deep 
crimson,  a  broad  line  of  the  same  colour  bordering  the  leaves  on  both 
edges. 

DEAC^ENA   ELEGANTISSIMA,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  13. 

A  narrow-leaved  form  of  a  deep  bronze  hue  with  a  metallic  lustre,  very 
distinctly  margined  with  bright  crimson ;  in  the  young  leaves  crimson  of 
a  lighter  shade  largely  predominates. 

DEAC^ENA    GUILFOYLEI,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  12. 
An  introduction  from  the  South  Sea  Islands. 

The  plant  is  of  rather  small  growth,  with  leaves  15  to  18  in.  long, 
striped  their  entire  length  with  creamy  white,  in  age  a  rosy  tint,  always 
deeper  at  the  margin. 

DEAC^ENA   HENDEESONI,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  17,  fig.  p.  10 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1875,  p.  53,  fig. 
A  variety  of  graceful  and  elegant  form,  with  leaves  1|  to  2  ft.  in  length, 
light  green  in  colour,  marbled  with  white  and  rosy  pink  lines. 

255 


DRACAENA   IMPEEIALIS,  Hart. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  8. 

The  leaves  of  this  robust  variety  are  1^  to  2  ft.  in  length,  of  a  dark 
green  ground  colour,  suffused  with  bright  red  over  the  whole  of  the  older 
leaves,  the  younger  of  a  lighter  shade.  The  plant  has  a  peculiar  bronzy 
metallic  lustre,  the  leathery  texture  of  the  leaves  rendering  it  valuable  for 
decorative  purposes. 

DRAOENA  x  INTERMEDIA,  Hort. 

Syns.  D.  hybrida,  Hort. 
PI.  and  Pom.  1876,  p.  17,  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  8. 

A  fine  form  obtained  at  Chelsea  by  crossing  the  two  varieties  Dracaena 
magnifica  and  D.  albicans,  the  foliage  clearly  indicating  the  parentage. 

DRAC^NA    JAMESII,  Hart. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1894,  p.  6. 

A  distinct  and  beautiful  variety  sent  to  us  by  Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  late 
of  the  Sydney  Botanic  Gardens,  N.S.W. 

In  growth  of  dwarf  habit,  the  leaves  rarely  exceeding  1  ft.  in  length  and 
1  in.  in  width. 

The  colour  is  a  rich  maroon  carmine-crimson. 

DRACAENA   LEVANGERI,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  12. 

An  introduction  from  the  South  Pacific  Ocean,  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch.  The  leaves,  12  to  14  in.  long,  are  gracefully  curved  and 
distinctly  marked  with  deep  rose,  almost  crimson,  on  an  emerald-green 
ground. 

DRAC-^NA   MACARTHURI,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  23,  fig.  p.  11. 

Sent  to  us  by  Sir  William  Macarthur,  after  whom  it  is  named. 
The  leaves,  scarcely  1  ft.  in  length,  are  elegant  in  form  and  colour, 
especially  brilliant  and  attractive. 

DRACAENA   MACLEAYI,   Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  13,  fig.  p.  5. 

A  very  beautiful  variety  brought  home  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch 
from  the  South  Sea  Islands. 

A  dwarf,  robust  plant,  with  leaves  15  to  18  in.  long,  of  a  dark,  bronzy 
brown  tint,  and  a  decided  gloss  over  the  upper  surface. 

256 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

DEACvENA   MAGNIFICA,    Hort. 

Fl.  and  Pom.  1871,  p.  273,  fig. ;  Vcitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  16,  fig.  p.  8. 

A  magnificent  variety  introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through 
the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  leaves  attain  a  length  of  from  H  to  2  ft.,  are  of  a  bronzy  pink 
colour,  changing,  when  mature,  to  a  deeper  shade. 

DRACAENA   MOOEEANA,   Hort. 

Fl.  and  Pom.  1872,  p.  233  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870. 

Discovered  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  the  South  Sea  Islands, 
this  magnificent  variety  has  foliage  2  to  3  ft.  in  length,  beautifully 
undulated.  The  colouring  of  the  leaf  is  rich,  glossy  bronze,  with  a 
bright  reddish-crimson  midrib  and  leaf-stalk ;  it  was  dedicated  to  Charles 
Moore,  Esq. 

DKAC^INA  NIGRO-RUBEA,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  13,  fig.  p.  5. 

A  narrow-leaved  form  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  with  leaves  16  to 
20  in.  in  length,  dark  blackish-brown  in  colour,  with  a  bright  rosy  crimson 
centre,  the  latter  colour  entirely  predominating  in  the  young  foliage. 

DEAC^INA   PEINCESS   MAEGAEET. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1879,  p.  24,  fig.  p.  11. 

A  very  fine  variety  of  bold  habit  and  distinct  markings,  introduced 
from  the  South  Sea  Islands  by  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch. 

When  the  leaves  first  unfold  they  are  of  a  creamy  white,  slightly 
shaded  with  green,  with  oblique  stripes  of  a  deeper  shade,  and  with  a  pale 
crimson  artery. 

The  light-coloured  portions  of  the  midrib  are  suffused  with  delicate 
rosy  pink. 

DEAC^INA   POEPHYEOPHYLLA,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1871,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  9. 

This  charming  variety,  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  where  it  was  found 
by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  attains  really  noble  proportions.  The  bold 
leaves,  of  a  deep  bronzy  tint  on  the  upper  surface,  effectively  contrast  with 
the  glaucous  hue  of  the  under. 

DEAC^NA   EEGINA,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1869,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  18 ;  FL  and  Pom.  1872,  p.  63,  fig. 
A  magnificent  Dracaena  discovered  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  the 
South  Sea  Islands ;  the  leaves,  large  and  broad,  are  exquisitely  marked  with 
creamy  white  on  a  green  ground. 

257 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

DEAC^JNA  EOSEO-PICTA,   Hort. 

PI.  and  Pom.  1878,  p.  29,  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  23,  fig.  p.  12. 

A  sub-erect  leaved  variety  of  robust  habit  and  bold  aspect,  raised  at 
Cbelsea.  The  leaves,  from  18  to  20  in.  in  length,  are  beautifully  coloured 
with  a  delicate  rose  tint,  deepening  with  age  to  a  bright  carmine. 

DEAC^NA   SPECIOSA,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  23,  fig.  p.  13. 

The  foliage  of  this  tricoloured  variety  is  broadly  striped  or  margined 
with  yellowish-white,  stained  edged  with  light  rosy  pink ;  the  ground 
colour  is  eau-de-nile. 

DEAC^ENA  x  TAYLOEI,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  in  early  days  from  the  two  varieties  Dracaena 
magnifica  and  D.  Mooreana,  a  handsome  hybrid,  with  deeply  coloured 
foliage,  and  a  very  decided  metallic  lustre  tinged  with  crimson. 

The  petioles  of  the  leaves  are  of  a  light  crimson  hue. 

DEYANDEA   CALOPHYLLA,  Br. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7642. 

A  shrubby  plant  from  the  Antipodes,  of  the  Order  Proteacese,  first 
flowered  in  this  country  in  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  in  1898,  but  raised 
by  us  from  seed  received  in  1891. 

ECHEVEEIA  x  GLAU  CO-METALLIC  A. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  22,  fig.  p.  14. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  at  Chelsea  from  Echeveria  metallica  and 
E.  secunda  glauca.  It  was  in  its  early  days  much  used  for  summer- 
bedding  on  account  of  a  dwarf  character  and  large  leaves,  approaching 
in  size  those  of  E.  metallica  ;  of  a  bronzy  glaucous  blue-green  hue. 

EPISCIA  EEYTHEOPUS,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6219. 

Introduced  from  New  Grenada,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
March  1874,  this  stove  herbaceous  plant  has  handsome  oblanceolate 
leaves,  bright  green  above,  pale  and  suffused  with  red  beneath.  The 
flowers,  white  with  a  yellow  throat,  are  clustered  at  the  base  and  more  or 
less  hidden. 

258 


BEANTHEMUM   ASPEESUM,  Hook.  f. 

Bot,  Mag.  t.  5711 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1869,  p.  6,  fig. 

Introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  Solomon  Islands, 
where  he  discovered  it  in  1866. 

The  flowers,  white  speckled  with  purple,  one  lobe  almost  wholly  purple, 
give  the  corolla  limb  the  appearance  of  a  member  of  the  orchidaceous 
family. 

EEANTHEMUM  BOENEENSE,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6701. 

Discovered  in  North- West  Borneo  by  Curtis,  and  flowered  in  England 
for  the  first  time  in  May  1882. 

The  flowers,  collected  in  a  dense  terminal  cone-like  inflorescence,  are 
pure  white  in  colour  with  a  faint  lemon  tinge  on  the  lower  segment  of  the 
corolla. 

EEANTHEMUM   COOPEEI,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5467 ;  Fl.  Mag.  1864,  t.  182 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1880,  p.  293. 

A  handsome  species  of  Eranthemum  raised  from  seed  sent  by  Sir  Daniel 
Cooper,  Bart.,  from  New  Caledonia. 

The  flowers,  pure  white  with  purple  spots  on  the  lower  lip  opened  for 
the  first  time  in  this  country  in  September  1863. 

EEANTHEMUM   LAXIFLOEUM,   A.  Gray. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6336 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  29. 

A  handsome  stove  flowering  plant  introduced  from  the  New  Hebrides 
through  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch.  The  flowers,  of  a  rich  purple  colour,  are 
borne  in  many-flowered  cymes  in  the  axils  of  the  uppermost  leaves,  and 
produced  continuously  during  the  autumn  months. 

EEANTHEMUM   SANGUINOLENTUM,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Fl.  des  Serres,  1862-1865,  torn.  xiv.  p.  167. 

An  Acanthaceous  plant  from  Madagascar,  with  opposite  leaves 
beautifully  marked  along  the  midrib  and  veins  with  bright  carmine  on  an 
emerald-green  ground. 

EEANTHEMUM  TUBEECULATUM,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5405. 

This  very  floriferous  species,  raised  from  seed  sent  by  Sir  Daniel 
Cooper,  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  June  1863. 

259 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

EBYTHEINA  INDICA,   Lam.,   var.   MAEMOEATA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  12,  with  fig. 

A  beautiful  stove  shrub  with  variegated  leaves,  found  in  several  of  the 
South  Sea  Islands. 

The  leaves,  broader  than  the  variety  commonly  cultivated,  are  effectively 
variegated  with  white  and  blotched  with  orange-yellow. 

EUPHOEPIA  PULCHEEEIMA,    Willd.,  var.  PLENISSIMA. 

Syria.  Poinsettia  pulcherrima,  var.  plenissima,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  16,  with  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1876,  vol.  ix.  p.  288,  pi.  xiii.  ; 
Fl.  Mag.  1876,  pi.  200 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  1,  with  figs. 

The  discovery  of  this  remarkable  plant  is  due  to  Herr  Benedict  Eoezl, 
who  met  with  it  in  an  Indian  village  in  Mexico. 

It  differs  from  the  ordinary  Poinsettia  in  having  branched  inflorescences, 
so  called  "  double,"  and  as  a  consequence  produces  two  or  three  times  as 
many  brilliantly  coloured  bracts  as  does  the  type. 

The  plant,  distributed  for  the  first  time  in  1876,  proved  of  difficult 
culture,  and  is  now  lost  to  cultivation. 

EUEYGANIA  OVATA,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6393. 

A  very  beautiful  evergreen  greenhouse  shrub,  allied  to  Thibaudia,  with 
brilliant  glossy  green  leaves  relieved  by  bright  red  petioles. 

A  native  of  the  Andes  of  Peru,  it  was  introduced  to  England  through 
William  Lobb. 

FICUS   PAECELLI,   Hort.  Veitch. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  17,  figs.  pp.  8  and  9. 

A  handsome  stove  plant  received  through  Messrs.  Baptist  &  Sons,  of 
Sydney,  whose  collector  Mr.  Parcell  discovered  it  in  the  South  Sea 
Islands. 

The  leaves  are  handsome,  as  large  as  those  of  Ficus  elastica,  but  thinner 
in  texture,  and  profusely  blotched  with  irregular  patches  of  cream- white 
on  a  green  ground ;  it  is  still  in  use  as  a  stove  decorative  plant. 

FUCHSIA  DEPENDENS,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1847,  p.  734  (Notice  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants)  ;  Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  65. 

A  beautiful  species  from  Quito,  in  which  locality  it  had  previously  been 
met  with  by  Dr.  Jamieson,  from  whose  dried  specimens  the  figure  in 
Hooker's  Icones  was  prepared.  This  Fuchsia  first  flowered  and  was 
exhibited  at  Exeter  in  1847. 

260 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

The  drooping  tubular  flowers,  2  to  3  in.  long,  are  soft  rosy  scarlet, 
the  petals  of  a  deeper  shade.  It  is  now  seldom  met  with  outside 
Botanical  Gardens. 

FUCHSIA  x  DOMINIANA. 

The  Florist,  1855,  pi.  96;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1854-1855,  torn.  x.  pi.  1004. 

Eaised  by  John  Dominy  in  1852  from  seed  obtained  by  crossing  the 
two  fine  species  Fuchsia  spectabilis  and  F.  serratifolia  multiflora. 

The  flower  tube  is  some  2  in.  in  length,  coloured  bright  scarlet;  the 
spreading  calyx  lobes  of  a  pinkish  colour  on  the  inner  surface. 

FUCHSIA  MACBANTHA,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4233  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1846,  p.  238  (Report  of  Exhibition)  ;   Paxt.  Mag.  Bot. 
vol.  xiii.  p.  97 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  xix. 

This  handsome  species  was  first  discovered  by  Mr.  Mathews  climbing 
on  trees  in  lofty  mountains  at  Andinamarca,  Peru,  and  he  sent  home 
Herbarium  specimens,  and  later  detected  by  William  Lobb,  in  woods 
near  Chasula,  Columbia,  at  an  altitude  of  5,000  ft. 

Plants,  flowered  at  Exeter  for  the  first  time  in  1846,  were  exhibited 
at  the  Horticultural  Society's  rooms  in  April  of  that  year. 

The  flowers  are  without  petals,  but  the  long  tubular  calyx  is  brightly 
coloured  rose-red,  changing  to  cream-white  at  the  apices  of  the  four-cleft 
limb. 

FUCHSIA   SEKRATIFOLIA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4174 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1845,  t.  41 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1849,  p.  447 ;  The 
Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  70. 

This  species,  one  of  the  handsomest  for  greenhouse  culture,  raised 
from  seed  collected  in  moist  shady  situations  at  Mufia  in  Peru  by 
William  Lobb,  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1845. 

The  young  deep  red  shoots  and  large  flowers,  2  to  3  in.  long,  single 
on  long  stalks  from  the  axils  of  the  leaves,  are  most  striking,  and  when 
first  exhibited  before  the  Horticultural  Society  was  awarded  a  Silver-gilt 
Medal  as  a  plant  of  exceptional  merit. 

FUCHSIA   SIMPLICICAULIS,   Ruiz  &  Pw. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5096  ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  70  j  Fl.  des  Serres,  1858,  torn.  iii.  p.  179. 

Introduced  from  Peru  through  William  Lobb,  and  flowered  for  the  first 
time  at  Chelsea  in  1858. 

The  calyx  tube,  sepals,  and  petals,  are  brilliant  red  in  colour,  the 
showy  blooms  in  dense  drooping  clusters  at  the  termination  of  the 
branches. 

261  s 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

FUCHSIA   SPECTABILIS,   Hook. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.   4375 :  Gard.  Chron.  1848,   pp.  238,  270,  and  319,  with  fig. ;  Paxt.  Mag. 
Bot.  vol.  xvi.  p.  225 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  pp.  359-360. 

A  truly  beautiful  species  introduced  from  the  Andes  of  Cuenca,  Peru, 
through  William  Lobb,  who  described  it  in  his  letters  as  the  "  loveliest 
of  the  lovely,  found  in  shady  woods  and  growing  from  2  to  4  ft.  high." 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Exeter,  was  exhibited  before  the 
Horticultural  Society  in  their  rooms  in  Eegent  Street  on  April  18th,  1848, 
and  awarded  the  large  Silver  Medal  of  the  Society. 

The  plant  forms  a  shrub  of  moderate  size,  with  young  wood  of  a 
blood-red  colour,  glabrous  and  shining ;  the  large  rich  velvety  green 
leaves  are  rich  purple  on  the  under  surface,  and  the  bright  red  flowers, 
4  in.  in  length,  have  petals  of  a  deeper  tint.  Dr.  Lindley  describes 
it  as  a  magnificent  thing : — the  "  Queen  of  Fuchsias." 

GAEDENIA  FLORIDA,  L.,  var.  RADICANS  FOLIIS  VARIEGATA. 

Syiis.  0.  radicans,  Thunb.,  foliis  variegata. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 

A  beautiful  form  of  this  well-known  plant  with  leaves  effectively 
variegated ;  from  Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

GESNERA   DONKLARII,   Hort. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5070. 

Figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  from  a  specimen  which  flowered 
in  1858,  and  a  native  of  Columbia,  a  region  rich  in  species  belonging  to 
this  genus.  The  leaves,  large  and  cordate,  rich  green  above  and  velvety, 
have  a  purple  under  surface ;  the  tubular,  drooping  flowers  dull  red  in 
colour,  a  yellow  bronze  throat. 

GESNERA  POLYANTHA,   DC. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3995. 

Plants  raised  from  seed  sent  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  by 
William  Lobb,  produced  their  rich  and  copiously  flowered  panicles  for  the 
first  time  in  August  1842  :  now  lost  to  cultivation. 

GLOBBA  ALBO-SANGUINEA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Syns.  G.  atrosanguinea,  Teijsm.  &  Binn.  ;  G.  coccinea,  Hort. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6626 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee) ; 
N.  B.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  71 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882, 
p.  10,  fig. ;  The  Garden,  1882,  vol.  xxi.  p.  361,  fig. ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  89. 

A  stove  plant  of  the  Ginger  family  (Zingerberaceae),  found  by  Curtis 
in  Borneo. 

262 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

The  plant  has  slender  erect  or  gracefully  arched  stems  with  deep 
glossy  green  leaves  terminated  by  a  dense  inflorescence.  The  flowers, 
of  peculiar  structure,  are  pale  yellow  in  colour  with  bright  scarlet 
bracts. 


GLOXINEEA  BEILLIANT. 

Gard.  Chron.  1895,  vol.  xvii.  p.  145,  fig.  22. 

A  bigeneric  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  the  foreman  West,  by  crossing 
a  florist's  variety  of  Gloxinia,  Kadiance  with  the  pollen  of  Gesnera 
pyramidalis. 

The  brilliant  scarlet  flowers,  tinged  with  magenta  in  the  shadows,  are 
of  intermediate  character,  and  the  foliage  follows  more  the  Gloxinia  than 
the  Gesnera  type. 

GLOXINIA   SPECIOSA,  Lodd.,  var.  MACEOPHYLLA  VAEIEGATA. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3934. 

This,  the  finest  variety  of  Gloxinia  known  at  the  time  of  its  intro- 
duction, has  rich  purple  drooping  flowers  and  large  green  leaves 
variegated  along  the  veins  with  greenish-white. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  by  William  Lobb  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of 
Brazil,  the  first  of  the  Veitchian  introductions  to  be  figured  in  1842  in 
Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine. 

GEAVESIA   GUTTATA,  Triana. 
Syns.  Bertolonia  gutiata,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5524 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  p.  2,  fig.  7  on  col.  pi. ;  Fl.  Mag.  1867, 

t.  347. 

A  variegated-leaved  stove  plant  received  from  Madagascar,  though  the 
habitat  is  probably  Brazil. 

The  dark  olive-green  leaves,  splashed  at  regular  intervals  with  bright 
rose  spots,  offer  a  charming  contrast. 

HEBECLADUS  BIFLOEUS,  Miers. 

Syns.  Atropa  biflora,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4192 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  iv. 

A  native  of  the  Andes  of  Peru,  about  Tarma,  and  Canta  Cullnay,  where 
it  was  collected  by  Euiz  and  Pavon,  and  by  Mathews,  but  it  was  not 
introduced  till  William  Lobb  sent  specimens  in  a  living  state  to  Exeter, 
where  it  flowered  in  1845. 

263 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

HEDYSCEPE  CANTEEBUEYANA,  W.  &  D. 

Syns.  Veitchia  canterburyana,  Wend.  ;  Kentia  canterburyana,  Sec. 
Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  327,  fig.  116 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1872,  p.  10,  fig. 

A  useful  Palm  for  decorative  purposes,  of  robust  constitution  and  dwarf 
habit,  introduced  by  the  Veitchian  firm  from  Lord  Howe's  Island. 

HELICONIA  AUEEO-STEIATA,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  37. 

A  handsome  foliage  plant,  with  Canna-like  leaves,  and  midrib  and  veins 
of  a  light  golden-yellow,  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  through  Charles 
Moore, -Esq.,  late  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

HEMICH^NA  FEUTICOSA,  Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6164. 

A  rock  plant  with  handsome  yellow  Mimulus-like  flowers,  sent  from 
Costa  Eica  by  Endres,  and  first  flowered  in  1873  ;  not  hardy  in  the 
British  Isles. 

HETEEOTEICHUM   MACEODON,  Planch. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4421. 

A  remarkable  and  very  handsome  Melastromaceous  plant,  with  beautiful 
velvety  green  leaves  and  pure  white  flowers  in  terminal  corymbs,  raised 
from  seed  sent  by  William  Lobb  from  New  Grenada. 

HIBISCUS  EOSA-SINENSIS,  L.,  var.  COOPEEI. 

Syns.  H.  Cooperi,  Hort. 
Fl.  des  Serres,  1862-1865,  t.  xiv.  p.  109. 

Sent  by  Sir  Daniel  Cooper  from  Australia.  The  leaves,  beautifully 
variegated,  have  irregular  blotches  of  white,  rose-carmine,  and  greenish- 
white,  on  a  dark  green  ground. 

HIBISCUS   SCHIZOPETALUS,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  H.  rosa-sinensis,  var.  schizopetalus,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.   1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  272,  fig.  45  ;  Boulger  in  Gard.  Chrou.  1879, 
vol.  xii.  p.  372;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6524;  Veitchs1  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  14,  with  fig. 

This  singular  and  beautiful  plant  discovered  by  Dr.  Kirk,  H.B.M. 
Consul  at  Zanzibar,  who  found  it  at  Mombasa  and  in  various  other 
localities  in  East  Tropical  Africa,  and  sent  seeds  to  Kew. 

It  grows  both  in  dry  rocky  slopes,  damp  mountain  glades,  and  in 
dense  shade,  with  Bignonias,  Balsams,  and  Ferns. 

264 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

Plants  brought  to  us  from  Eastern  Africa  by  the  Eev.  J.  A.  Lamb,  of 
the  Church  Missionary  Society,  in  1878,  attracted  much  attention  from 
the  beauty  of  the  flowers  and  a  peculiar  drooping  elongated  structure  and 
curiously  laciniated  petals. 

HINDSIA   LONGIFLOEA,  Benth. 

Syns.  Rondeletia  longiflora,  Cham. 

Paxt.   Mag.   Bot.  vol.  ix.  p.  217;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  3977;  Lindl.  Bot.  Eeg.  1843,  pi.  42; 

id.  1844,  t.  40. 

A  beautiful  stove  plant,  with  long  salver-shaped  bright  blue  flowers  in 
dense  terminal  corymbs,  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil,  flowered 
for  the  first  time  at  the  Mount  Eadford  Nursery,  near  Exeter,  in  August 
1842. 

HINDSIA  VIOLACEA,  Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4135;  Lindl.  Bot.  Eeg.  1844,  t.  40 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xi.  p.  198 ;  Fl.  des 

Serres,  torn.  i.  p.  19. 

A  species  somewhat  resembling  Hindsia  longiflora,  with  large  flowers 
of  a  violet-blue  colour. 

Imported  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil,  through  William  Lobb, 
it  was  exhibited  in  flower  for  the  first  time  in  May  1843,  on  which 
occasion  the  Horticultural  Society  awarded  a  large  Silver  Medal. 

HOYA   BELLA,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4402 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  1848,  vol.  xv.  p.  243 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  p.  399. 

This  plant,  a  native  of  the  Talung  Kola  Mountain,  Moulmein,  found  by 
Thomas  Lobb,  is  described  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  as  "  The  most 
lovely  of  all  the  Hoyas,  resembling  an  amethyst  set  in  silver."  It  was 
exhibited  for  the  first  time  in  June  1848. 

HOYA   CINNAMOMIFOLIA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4347 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  p.  310. 

A  handsome  stove  climber,  from  Java  through  Thomas  Lobb,  flowered 
for  the  first  time  in  July  1847. 

The  flowers  in  a  globular  head  are  effective,  a  strong  contrast  to  the 
deep  purple  blood-colour  of  the  staminal  crown  and  the  pale  yellow-green 
of  the  corolla. 

HOYA   COEIACEA,  Blume. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4518 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  torn.  vi.  p.  143. 

Discovered  by  Dr.  Blume  in  mountain  woods  on  the  western  side  of 
Java,  and  detected  in  the  same  island  by  Thomas  Lobb  on  Mount  Salak, 
who  transmitted  living  plants  to  Exeter  :  first  bloomed  in  1849. 

265 


HORTUS   VETTCHII 

This  twining  stove  plant  has  thick,  almost  fleshy,  leaves,  and  dense 
umbels  of  honey-yellow  flowers. 

HOYA   COEONAEIA,  Blume. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4969. 

Blume  was  apparently  the  first  to  discover  this  Hoya  in  the  moist  woods 
and  shady  banks  of  Western  Java,  though  it  was  sent  to  this  country  by 
Thomas  Lobb,  and  produced  pale  sulphur-yellow  flowers  for  the  first  time 
in  November  1856. 

HOYA   FEATEENA,  Blume. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4684 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  viii.  p.  179. 

A  fine  stove  climber,  discovered  by  Blume  in  Java,  and  later  in  the 
same  locality  by  Thomas  Lobb,  through  whom  it  was  introduced. 

The  honey-yellow  or  buff-coloured  flowers  opened  for  the  first  time  at 
Exeter  during  the  summer  of  1851. 

HOYA   LINEAEIS,  Wall 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6682. 

A  curious  species,  with  hairy  linear  leaves  and  corymbs  of  creamy 
white  flowers,  first  flowered  at  Chelsea  in  April  1883. 

HOYA  PUEPUEEO-FUSCA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4520 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  p.  143. 

Introduced  through  Lobb,  who  describes  it  as  a  handsome  climber 
common  to  the  woods  at  Panarang,  this  denizen  of  the  stoves,  with  ovate 
leaves  and  umbels  of  peculiar  brownish-purple  blossoms,  flowered  in 
September  1849. 

HYPOCYETA  PULCHEA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  244;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7468. 

A  pretty  little  stove  Gesneraceous  plant,  detected  in  New  Grenada  by 
David  Burke,  through  whom  the  introduction  was  made.  The  flowers, 
singly  in  the  axils  of  the  uppermost  leaves,  are  about  1  in.  in  length, 
hairy,  of  a  bright  orange  colour. 

HYPOCYETA   STEIGILLOSA,  Mart. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4047. 

A  Gesneraceous  plant  with  bright  scarlet  and  yellow  flowers  in  the 
axils  of  the  leaves ;  the  remarkable  tubular  corolla  with  an  inflation  on 
the  underside  resembling  the  breast  of  a  "  pouter  "  pigeon. 

266 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

Grown  from  seed  sent  from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  by  William 
Lobb,  and  first  flowered  in  May  1843. 

HYPOESTES   AEISTATA,  Soland. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6224. 

A  native  of  Extra-tropical  South  Africa,  detected  by  Forbes  when 
travelling  for  the  Horticultural  Society  in  1822,  though  flowered  with  us 
for  the  first  time  in  February  1874.  The  flowers,  freely  produced,  have 
a  rose-purple  outside,  and  the  inside  striped  with  white — they  are 
showy. 

HYPOESTES   SANGUINOLENTA,   Hort.  ex  Veitch. 

Syns.  Eranthemum  sanguinolentum,  Van  Houtte. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5511. 

A  pretty  little  Acanthaceous  plant,  conspicuous  for  the  broad  pale-purple 
bands  that  mark  each  vein :  a  native  of  Madagascar. 

IMPATIENS  JEKDONLSJ,  Wight. 

The  Florist,  1854,  n.s.  vol.  iv.  pi.  82 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4739. 

Sent  from  the  Neilgherry  Hills,  British  India,  by  Mr.  Mclvor  in  1852, 
and  also  about  the  same  time  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew. 

This  Balsam  has  flowers  of  singular  shape  and  strikingly-contrasted 
colours — brilliant  red,  bright  yellow,  and  green. 

A  flowering  plant,  exhibited  for  the  first  time  at  the  Horticultural 
Society's  rooms  in  Eegent  Street  on  October  18th  1853,  was  honoured 
with  a  Knightian  medal  "  in  testimony  of  its  singular  beauty  and  use- 
fulness." 

IMPATIENS  MIEABILIS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7195. 

Sent  to  us  by  Curtis,  by  whom  it  was  discovered  in  Langkawi  Island, 
off  the  east  coast  of  Sumatra.  In  Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine  Sir  Joseph 
Hooker  writes  as  follows : — 

"  It  would  be  difficult  to  conceive  a  wider  departure  from  the  habit  of 
its  genus  than  this  remarkable  plant  presents.  It  is  an  undoubted  species 
of  Impatiens,  but,  whereas  the  other  species  of  that  large  genus  are  weak 
succulent  annuals  or  branched  perennials,  Impatiens  Mirabilis  possesses 
an  erect  naked  trunk  that  attains  a  height  of  4  ft.  in  its  native  country 
and  the  thickness  of  a  man's  leg  crowned  with  a  tuft  of  many  leaves,  from 
the  axils  of  which  spring  erect  racemes  of  golden  flowers,  larger  by  far 
than  in  most  of  the  genus  known  to  me,  but  slightly  uncouth  in  form." 

267 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

ISOLOMA   HYPOCYETIFLOEUM,  Benth.  &  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Gloxinia  hypocyrtiflorum,  Hook.  ;  Hypocyrta  brevicalyx,  Hort.  Veitch. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5655 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  with  fig. 

An  interesting  Gesneraceous  plant,  introduced  through  Eichard  Pearce 
from  Ecuador,  with  ornamental  foliage  and  attractive  flowers. 

In  the  Botanical  Magazine  above  quoted,  Dr.  Hooker  writes  of  it  as 
follows  : — "  In  its  habit,  fibrous  roots,  and  the  presence  of  propagula  it  is 
a  Gloxinia ;  in  the  corolla  a  Hypocyrta  ;  in  the  glands  a  Gesnera  ;  whilst 
in  the  small  calyx  it  differs  from  all  these  genera." 

The  leaves  are  of  a  pleasing  green  with  silvery  white  veins ;  the  flowers 
scarlet  with  a  yellow  gibbous  portion. 

IXOEA  ACUMINATA,  Boxb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1857,  p.  378  (advt.). 

A  handsome  species  with  large  pure  white  trusses,  introduced  from 
India  through  Thomas  Lobb. 

IXOEA  BUEBIDGEI,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Gard.   Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  153  (Eeport  of  R.H.S.    Floral   Committee);    Veitchs' 

Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  14. 

Sent  from  Borneo  by  F.  W.  Burbidge,  and  like  Ixora  salicifolia  in  habit 
and  foliage.  It  differs  from  that  species  in  having  inflorescenses  axillary 
in  the  uppermost  leaves,  as  well  as  terminal,  and  the  flowers  bright 
orange-scarlet  in  dense  trusses. 

IXOEA  FLOEIBUNDA,  Griseb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1855,  p.  315  (advt.). 

A  very  neat  and  compact-growing  species  with  bright  reddish-scarlet 
flowers,  abundantly  produced  in  large  trusses,  from  Java  through  Thomas 
Lobb. 

IXOEA   FULGENS,  Eoxb. 

Syns.  I.  salicifolia,  DC. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4523. 

A  scarlet-flowered  species  with  narrow  leaves,  a  native  of  Java,  in  which 
island  it  was  first  found  by  Blume,  and  later  introduced  to  cultivation 
through  Thomas  Lobb  from  Mount  Seribu :  exhibited  for  the  first  time  in 
July  1850. 

IXOEA   LOBBII,  London. 

Gard.  Chron.  1853,  p.  497  (advt.) ;  London's  Ency.  PI.  supp.  ii.  1853. 
A  stove  species  with  bright  orange-scarlet  flowers  discovered  in  the 

268 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

Seribu  Mountains,  Java,  by  Thomas  Lobb,  through  whom  it  was  intro- 
duced. 

Apparently  but  a  short  time  in  cultivation,  it  is  now  not  to  be  found 
in  any  garden  collection. 

IXOEA   MACEOTHYESA,   Teijsm.  &  Binn. 

Syns.  I.  Duffii,  T.  Moore. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6853  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1878,  p.  76,  with  fig. 

Discovered  by  Mr.  Duff  of  the  Sydney  Botanic  Gardens,  in  Ualan  or 
Strong  Island,  one  of  the  Caroline  group  in  the  Pacific ;  the  plant  pro- 
duces a  large  truss  of  pure  bright  scarlet  flowers,  and  is  one  of  the  most 
imposing  of  all  cultivated  species  of  this  genus. 

Specimens  from  the  Sydney  Botanic  Gardens  first  flowered  in  England 
in  1878. 

IXOEA   SALICIFOLIA,  Blume -,  var.  VAEIEGATA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  71. 

This  variety,  with  a  feathered  silvery  grey  band  down  the  centre  of 
the  leaf,  was  found  on  the  island  of  Sumatra  by  Curtis,  through  whom  it 
was  introduced. 

The  type  is  widely  spread  among  the  islands  of  the  Malay  Archipelago, 
but  the  variety  appears  to  be  restricted  to  the  one  on  which  Curtis 
made  the  fortunate  discovery. 

IXOEA  x  WESTII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  281  (Report  of  International  Hort.  Show  at  Manchester); 
The  Garden,  1892,  vol.  xlii.  p.  496,  pi.  886 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  18. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  West  from  Ixora  odorata,  a  white  flowered 
species  from  Madagascar,  and  I.  amboinensis,  one  with  rich  vermilion- 
scarlet  blooms. 

The  combination  of  white  and  scarlet  has  resulted  in  flowers  of  a 
rich  rose-pink,  a  character  peculiar  to  I.  Westii ;  the  noble  size  of  the 
flower  trusses  and  their  distinct  and  novel  appearance  make  this  hybrid 
an  important  gain. 

JASMINUM  GEACILLIMUM,  Hook.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  9,  fig.  ;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  6559 ;  The  Garden,  1881,  vol.    xix. 
p.  628,  pi.  279 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  8,  fig.  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1881,  p.  23,  fig. 

A  charming  white  flowered  stove  species  introduced  from  Borneo 
through  Burbidge,  one  of  the  numerous  species  found  in  Eastern  Asia 
and  its  many  islands,  the  type  of  which,  Jasminum  pubescens,  is  a  native 
of  India  and  China.  J.  gracillimum  is  the  most  distinct  in  its  graceful 

269 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

habit  and  in  the  abundance  of   large  pure  white  sweet-scented  blooms, 
more  copiously  produced  than  by  any  other  cultivated  species. 

A  favourite  with  the  natives  of  Borneo,  it  is  used  as  a  perfume  for  the 
hair.  Plants  cultivated  in  gardens  or  in  open  grassy  plots  near  houses 
are  browsed  by  goats  during  the  dry  season  and  denuded  of  their  leaves 
and  young  branches.  On  the  return  of  the  wet  season  the  plants  break 
into  leaf  as  if  by  magic,  and  become  fountains  of  pure  white  deliciously 
fragrant  flower. 

K^EMPFEEIA  VITTATA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  264. 

A  distinct  species  discovered  at  Loboe,  in  Sumatra,  by  Curtis,  through 
whom  it  was  introduced. 

The  flowers  insignificant,  but  foliage  attractive,  much  resembling  that 
of  some  species  of  Calathea. 

LAPAGEEIA   EOSEA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4447 ;    PI.  des  Serres,  1849,  p.  491 ;   The  Garden,   1878,  vol.  xiv.   p.   376, 
pi.  cli.  ;  id.  1896,  vol.  xlix.  p.  174,  pi.  1056  ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  221. 

This  beautiful  greenhouse  climber,  commonly  known  as  the  Chilian 
Bell-flower,  from  the  bell-like  appearance  of  the  pendant  blooms,  was  first 
introduced  by  Mr.  Eichard  Wheelwright,  who  sent  a  plant  to  the  Eoyal 
Gardens,  Kew,  in  1847. 

In  the  following  year  plants  were  received  at  Exeter  from  William 
Lobb,  then  collecting  in  Chili,  and  a  coloured  drawing  of  the  flower, 
from  a  plant  in  its  native  habitat.  From  this  drawing  the  coloured  plate 
in  the  Botanical  Magazine  was  prepared,  and  when  the  plants  flowered 
later,  the  colouring  was  found  to  be  unusually  faithful. 

LAPAGEEIA   EOSEA,  Ruiz  &  Pav.,  var.  ALBIFLOEA,  Hook. 

Syns.  L.  alba,  Decn. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4892;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1864,  t.  406;  PI.  Mag.  t.  199;  The  Garden,  1878, 
vol.  xiv.  p.  376,  pi.  cli.  ;  id.  1896,  vol.  xlix.  p.  174,  pi.  1056;  Flora  and  Sylva, 
vol.  ii.  p.  221,  fig. 

This  charming  companion  to  the  rose-coloured  type  flowered  for  the 
first  time  in  Europe  in  the  Jardin  des  Plantes,  Paris,  in  1855,  a  living 
plant  having  been  sent  from  Chili  by  M.  Abadi. 

In  1860  Eichard  Pearce  sent  home  seed  and  living  specimens  from 
Chili,  where  the  plant  is  rare,  and  from  this  source  a  stock  raised  was 
afterwards  distributed. 

It  flowered  with  Messrs.  Veitch  for  the  first  time  in  1862,  and 
was  exhibited  with  Lilium  auratum,  at  that  time  rare,  before  the  Eoyal 
Horticultural  Society  on  July  2nd  of  that  year. 

270 


LAPAGERIA      ROSEA 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

LATUA  VENENOSA,  Philippi. 

Syns.  Lycioplesium  pubiflorum,  Griseb. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5373 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  388,  fig. 

An  extremely  handsome  half-hardy  Solanaceous  shrub  sent  from 
Valdivia,  South  Chili,  by  Eichard  Pearce  ;  William  Lobb  had  procured 
specimens  in  the  island  of  Chiloe  in  1848,  but  failed  to  introduce  to 
cultivation. 

The  habit  of  the  shrub  is  like  that  of  Oestrum  (Habrothamnus),  the 
shape  of  the  flowers  resembles  that  of  Oestrum  fasciculatus,  though  they 
are  larger. 

According  to  Dr.  Philippi  the  inhabitants  of  Chili  and  Chiloe  regard  this 
plant  with  superstition  :  it  is  to  them  the  Latue,  Palo-mato,  and  Palo  de 
los  bruyos,  or  the  tree  of  the  magician. 

LEEA  AMABILIS,  Mast. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  11,  with  fig.  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  April  6th,  1882 ;  Gard.  Chron. 
1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  493,  with  fig. ;  The  Garden,  1882,  vol.  xxi.  p.  352,  with  fig. ; 
Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  75. 

A  handsome  stove  foliage  plant,  collected  in  Borneo  by  Curtis. 

When  the  leaflets  first  expand  they  are  a  bright  crimson  tinged  with  a 
rich  shade  of  brown,  a  central  midrib  of  pale  rose ;  when  mature  they 
assume  a  dark  bronzy-green,  and  a  broad  silvery  white  band  develops  on 
either  side  of  the  central  midrib,  from  which  short  branches  are  given  off 
at  each  nerve ;  the  under  surface  claret-red. 

LESCHENAULTIA  BILOBA,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1842,  p.  95  ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1842,  p.  2 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  viii.  p.  151 ; 
The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxvi.  pi.  460. 

This  beautiful  blue-flowered  Australian  plant  of  difficult  culture,  now 
rarely  met  with,  enjoyed  a  high  degree  of  popularity  at  the  time  "  hard- 
wooded  "  plants  were  more  generally  cultivated :  it  first  flowered  at 
Exeter,  and  when  exhibited  before  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society 
obtained  a  large  Silver  Medal. 

LHOTSKYA   EEICOIDES,  Schauer. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7753. 

A  small-growing,  hard-wooded  greenhouse  shrub  with  white  flowers, 
of  the  Myrtle  family,  having  the  general  appearance  of  an  Erica,  and 
now  quite  lost  to  cultivation. 

Eaised  from  seed  collected  in  Western  Australia  by  James  H.  Veitch, 
it  first  flowered  at  Kew  in  June  1900. 

271 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

LICUALA  VEITCHII,  Watson. 

Syns.  Pritchardia  grandis,  Veitch. 

Veitchs'   Catlg.   of  PI.   1885,  p.  54;  Gard.  Chron.   1886,  vol.  xxv.   p.    139;  Bot.   Mag. 

t.  7053. 

A  beautiful  Palm  with  a  short  stem  and  spreading,  rounded,  much- 
plaited  bright  green  leaves  with  short  petioles,  forming  a  compact  crown. 

The  species,  unfortunately  distributed  as  Pritchardia  grandis,  under 
the  erroneous  impression  that  it  was  that  much-sought-for  Palm,  was  on 
flowering  found  to  be  of  the  genus  Licuala.  Difficult  to  cultivate,  few,  if 
any,  now  exist  in  collections. 

Curtis  discovered  Licuala  Veitchii  in  Sarawak,  North  Borneo,  and  made 
a  successful  introduction. 

LOMATIA  FEEEUGINEA,  E.  Br. 

Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  355  (advt.). 

A  fine  evergreen  shrub  with  cut  foliage  covered  by  rusty  tomentum, 
usually  cultivated  as  a  cool  greenhouse  or  conservatory  plant,  though 
in  favoured  localities  in  this  country  plants  have  attained  considerable 
dimensions  in  the  open  air. 

It  was  introduced  from  Chiloe  and  Patagonia  through  William  Lobb  in 
1851,  and  is  still  grown. 

MACLEANIA  PUNCTATA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4426. 

Sent  from  the  Andes  of  El  Ecuador  by  William  Lobb,  and  first  flowered 
at  Exeter  in  November  1848. 

A  greenhouse  shrub  of  the  Vaccinium  family,  with  neat  evergreen 
leaves  punctuated  with  dots,  bearing  numerous  bright  scarlet  tubular 
flowers  tipped  with  white. 

M  AN  DE  VILLA   HISPID  A,  Hemsl. 

Syns.  Echites  hirsuta,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  3997. 

A  stove  climber  with  delicate  pale  yellow  and  rose-coloured  flowers, 
from  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1842,  and 
flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Exeter  in  September  1843. 

MANETTIA  BICOLOE,  Paxt. 

Syns.  M.  luteo-rubra,  Benth. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.   1843,  vol.   x.  p.  27 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  vol.  ii.  p.  445,  t.  6;  The  Garden, 
1899,  vol.  Ivi.  p.  6,  pi.  1229;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7776. 

This  charming  little  trailing  plant,  well  known  in  our  stoves,  is  seldom 

272 


out  of  flower,  and  the  brilliant  vermilion-scarlet   and   yellow   blossoms 
are  always  appreciated. 

It  was  introduced  to  Exeter  through  William  Lobb  from  the  Organ 
Mountains  of  Brazil. 

MANETTIA  MICANS,   Pcepp. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5495. 

Originally  discovered  by  Poeppig  in  Peru,  and  afterwards  by  McLean, 
Mathews,  and  others.  This  plant  was  not  introduced  until  Pearce  met 
with  it  near  Mufia,  at  an  elevation  of  from  3,000-4,000  ft.,  and  sent  home 
seed,  from  which  plants  were  raised  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
December  1864. 

MAEANTA    STEIATA,    Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  671  (advt.)  ;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  ii.  p.  327. 

A  charming  little  plant  from  the  Philippine  Islands  due  to  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch  :  the  leaves,  of  a  bright  green  ground  colour,  are 
profusely  marked  with  streakings  of  pale  yellow. 

MAEIANTHUS  DEUMMONDIANUS,   Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5521. 

A  West  Australian  climber,  producing  pretty  pale  blue  flowers,  first 
opened  in  May  1865,  from  which  the  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine 
was  prepared. 

MEDINILLA  CUMINGII,   Naud. 

Syns.  if.  speciosa,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1847,  p.  485 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4321,  as  M.  speciosa. 
First   discovered  by  Mr.   Cuming  in  the  Philippine  Islands  and  later 
introduced  to  cultivation  through  Thomas  Lobb,  when,  as  the  handsomest 
species  then  known,  it  attracted  much  attention  at  the  Chiswick  Horti- 
cultural Fete  held  in  July  1847. 

The  plant  bears  delicate  rose-coloured  flowers  in  large,  drooping  panicles, 
with  handsome  dark  green  ample  leaves,  in  opposite  pairs. 

MEDINILLA  CUETISII,   Hook.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  621,  fig.  108;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6730;    Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

1884,  p.  9,  fig. 

A  native  of  the  western  coast  of  Sumatra,  discovered  by  Curtis  when 
collecting  in  that  region.  Though  not  so  striking  a  plant  as  Medinilla 
ainabilis  or  M.  magnifica,  it  is  worthy  of  a  place  in  any  stove.  The  graceful 
habit,  ivory-white  flowers,  purple  anthers  and  coral-red  flower-stalks  are 
of  a  distinct  order. 

273 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

MEDINILLA  MAGNIFICA,  Lindl. 

Syns.  M.  Iracteata,  Hort.  Veitch  (now  Blume). 
Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  1. 12 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4533  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1850-1851,  t.  572. 

A  magnificent  species,  first  found  in  Manila  by  Thomas  Lobb,  who 
sent  plants,  first  flowered  in  April  1850. 

Numerous  heads  are  produced  in  a  dense  drooping  panicle  1|  ft.  long, 
and  their  value  is  greatly  enhanced  by  the  addition  of  large  delicately 
coloured  bracts;  at  its  best,  perhaps,  before  the  full  perfection  of  the 
flowers,  when  the  large  imbricated  bracts  separate  and  allow  the  buds  to 
be  partially  seen.  As  the  expansion  of  the  blossoms  advances  the  upper 
bracts  fall,  but  the  lower  ones  remain  and  reflex.  It  has  proved  to  be  one 
of  the  most  showy  ornamental  stove  plants  ever  imported,  and  is  still 
largely  grown. 

MICONIA   HOOKEBIANA,  Triana. 

Syns.  M.  pulverulenta,  Hook. 
Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  693  (advt.) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5411. 

Introduced  through  Eichard  Pearce  from  Peru  in  1862,  this  plant 
attains  a  height  of  from  3  to  4  ft.,  is  furnished  with  elliptic  rugose  dark 
green  leaves  12  to  15  in.  long,  marked  by  a  broad  central  silvery  bar.  The 
flowers,  white,  are  followed  by  bunches  of  red  berries. 

MITEAEIA   COCCINEA,   Cav. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  350  (Keport  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4462 ;  Paxt. 
Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xv.  p.  148;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1848,  p.  385;  The  Garden,  1883, 
vol.  xxiv.  p.  17,  with  fig. 

An  interesting  greenhouse  shrub,  remarkable  as  monotypic  and  as 
confined  to  a  group  of  islands  off  the  coast  of  Chili,  of  which  Chiloe  is 
the  principal ;  introduced  through  William  Lobb,  and  shown  for  the  first 
time  at  an  exhibition  held  by  the  Horticultural  Society  in  May  1848.  The 
plant,  with  neat  evergreen  foliage,  tubular  brilliant  scarlet  flowers  with 
yellow  base  depending  from  drooping  tubercled  peduncles,  is  attractive, 
but  does  not  thrive  in  this  country — the  perennial  mists  of  Chiloe  are 
essential  to  its  existence. 

MONOPYLE   EACEMOSA,  Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6233. 

A  handsome  Gesneraceous  plant  with  terminal  racemes  of  pure  white 
flpwers,  the  first  species  of  the  genus  cultivated  in  this  country  ;  raised 
from  seed  from  New  Grenada,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  July 
1875. 

274 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

MUSA  BASJOO,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Syns.  N .  japonica,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7182 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  456. 

Introduced  through  Charles  Maries  from  Japan,  where  it  is  cultivated 
for  fibre,  as  is  Musa  textilis  in  the  Philippines.  This  plant  is  hardy 
in  favoured  localities,  with  slight  protection  from  mats  or  netting  in 
severe  winters. 

MUTISIA   DECUEEENS,  Cav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5273 ;  The  Garden,  1876,  vol.  x.  p.  134;  col.  pi. ;  id.  1883,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  552, 
col.  pi. ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  101. 

A  thinly  branched  greenhouse  climber,  with  narrow  undivided  leaves 
remarkable  for  a  blade  running  down  the  stem  in  the  form  of  a  wing. 
The  flower-heads,  deep  orange  or  almost  vermilion  in  colour  and  from  4  to 
5  in.  in  diameter,  resemble  a  single  dahlia  in  appearance. 

Introduced  from  the  Chilian  Andes  through  Eichard  Pearce,  and  first 
flowered  in  1861,  but  now  rarely  met  with,  as  the  necessary  climatic 
requirements  are  difficult  to  reproduce. 

MYEMECODIA  BECCAEII,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6883. 

Imported  from  the  Gulf  of  Carpentaria  in  1884,  Sir  Joseph  Hooker 
states  : — "  This  plant  is  one  of  the  most  singular  ever  imported  in  a  living 
state  to  this  country,  and  it  belongs  to  a  genus,  or  rather  to  one  of  a  group 
of  genera,  of  epiphytic  Eubiaceae,  which  have  been  long  known  from  their 
singular  habit  of  forming  often  spinous  toothed  tubers  of  great  size,  the 
interior  of  which  is  galleried  by  ants  of  various  species,  and  of  which  insects 
these  are  the  native  homes." 

Named  after  Dr.  Beccari,  the  eminent  botanist  and  traveller,  and 
the  author  of  a  work  the  bulk  of  which  is  devoted  to  the  four  Eubiaceous 
genera,  Myrmecodia,  Hydnophytum,  Myrmephytum,  and  Myrmedoma, 
under  which  their  botany  and  the  economy  of  their  growth,  and  the 
insects  they  harbour,  are  described  with  a  fulness  and  ability  that  are 
quite  admirable. 

OPLISMENUS  BUEMANNII,  Beauv.,  var.  VAEIEGATA. 

Syns.  Panicum  va/riegatum,  Hort. 
Gard.  Chron.  1867,  p.  458,  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  fig. ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  t.  1715. 

A  prettily  variegated  grass,  common  in  glass-houses,  introduced  from 
New  Caledonia  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  and  exhibited  for 
the  first  time  in  April  1867. 

275 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

OETHOSIPHON   STAMINBUS,  Benth. 

Gard.  Chrou.  1869,  p.  941  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5833 ;  Fl.   Mag.  1871,   p.  546 ;  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  15 ;  also  col.  pi.  fig.  10. 

A  remarkable  plant  with  an  inflorescence  more  resembling  a  Clerodendron 
than  that  of  the  Labiate  family,  to  which  it  belongs. 

From  Assam  and  Burma  to  the  Philippine  Islands  it  is  widely  distributed, 
and  from  the  Nicobars  and  Siam  to  Java,  Borneo,  and  Cape  York  in  North- 
East  Australia.  The  late  John  Gould  Veitch  sent  it  from  the  last- 
named  locality  to  Chelsea,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  July 
1869. 

OSBECKIA  EUBICUNDA,  Arnott. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  562 ;  Hooker's  Companion  to  Bot.  Mag.  vol.  ii.  p.  309. 

A  handsome  Melastomaceous  undershrub,  native  of  Ceylon,  recalling  in 
appearance  a  species  of  Pleroma,  but  with  stamens  equal.  The  peculiar 
calycine  scales,  with  the  purple  flowers  and  yellow  anthers,  give  a  very 
rich  appearance. 


OUVIEANDEA   FENESTEALIS,  Poiret. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4894;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1856,  torn.  i.  2nd  ser.  p.  65. 

This  very  remarkable  aquatic,  known  as  the  "  Lattice-leaf  Plant,"  was 
discovered  by  Aubert  du  Petit-Thouars,  in  Madagascar,  and  described 
by  him  in  a  work  on  the  plants  of  that  island. 

For  its  introduction  to  this  country  we  are  indebted  to  the  Eev.  William 
Ellis,  who  was  living  in  Madagascar  in  1855,  and  brought  home  plants  in 
a  satisfactory  state. 

Specimens  were  presented  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  to  various 
other  botanical  establishments  in  this  and  other  countries,  and  the 
remainder  placed  in  Messrs.  Veitchs'  hands  for  propagation.  For  a  long 
time  after  its  introduction  Ouvirandra  fenestralis  was  a  source  of  great 
interest,  and  plants  found  their  way  all  through  the  principal  gardens,  but 
good  specimens  are  now  rare;  they  are  in  excellent  condition  in  the 
Chatsworth  gardens. 

PALICOUEEA   NICOTIAN^EFOLIA,  Cham.  &  Schlecht. 

Syns.  P.  discolor,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1867,  p.  7 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7001. 

A  stove  plant  with  variegated  foliage  sent  from  Peru  by  Eichard  Pearce. 
The  leaves  are  5  to  9  in.  long  and  2  to  3  in.  broad,  bright  green  above 
with  yellow  midrib  and  veins ;  the  under  surface  is  yellow-green. 

276 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

PALISOTA  BICOLOE,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  527. 

This  stove  species,  closely  allied  to  Palisota  Barteri,  imported  from 
Fernando  Po,  West  Africa,  has  very  ornamental  foliage. 

PANAX  FKUTICOSUM,   Linn.,  var.  LACINIATUM. 

Syns.  P.  laciniatum,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  24,  fig.  p.  15. 

A  stove  plant  with  a  fern-like  aspect,  the  leaves  cut  in  fine  segments 
of  variable  shape  and  size. 

A  native  of  the  South  Sea  Islands,  sent  to  us  by  Mr.  A.  H.  C.  Macafee, 
of  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

PANDANUS  BAPTISTI,  Hort.  Veitch. 

L' Horticulture  Beige,  1893,  p.  166,  fig.  35. 

Introduced  from  the  Botanic  Garden,  at  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

The  plant  has  long,  gracefully  disposed,  linear  leaves,  effectively  marked 
with  white  or  cream  colour  on  a  green  ground ;  an  absence  of  spines 
an  additional  recommendation. 

PANDANUS  PACIFICUS,  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  664  (Report  of  Show)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1893,  p.  11. 

A  species  introduced  from  the  Pacific  Islands  through  Charles  Moore, 
Esq.,  late  of  the  Sydney  Botanic  Gardens,  N.S.W.,  with  bright  glossy 
green  leaves  15  to  20  in.  in  length,  fringed  with  short  spines  along 
both  margins. 

PANDANUS   VEITCHII,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  11,  fig.,  also  col.  pi. ;  Regel's  Gartenflora,  1872,  p.  310; 
Fl.  and  Pom.  1871,  p.  177,  fig. 

The  well-known  stove  plant  with  sword-shaped  leaves,  2  to  4  ft.  in  length, 
with  serrated  edges,  pale  green  in  the  centre,  margined  with  clearest  bands 
of  white. 

Introduced  from  the  South  Sea  Islands  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch, 
and  the  most  popular  of  all  stove  plants  in  all  civilized  countries. 

PASSIFLOEA  ACTINIA,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4009;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  x. ;    Jour.    R.H.S.   1872,  vol.   iv.  p.   142; 
Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxii.  p.  15,  with  fig. 

Seeds  of  this  species,  known  as  "The  Sea  Anemone  Passion-flower," 
were  sent  from  Brazil  in  1841,  plants  raised  and  flowered  for  the  first  time 
at  Exeter  in  1842. 

277  T 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

From  the  resemblance  the  flowers  bear  to  the  Sea  Anemone,  Sir  Joseph 
Hooker  named  the  Passion-flower  Actinia  after  a  genus  of  low  marine 
animals. 

PASSIFLOEA  BILOBATA,  Juss. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  420. 

Introduced  from  Costa  Eica,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  September 
1875 ;  belonging  to  the  small  section  (Cieca)  with  no  petals,  it  can  boast 
but  little  beauty. 

PASSIFLOEA  OEGANENSIS,  Gardn.,  var.  MAEMOEATA. 

Gard.  Chroii.  1869,  p.  1158. 

The  form  with  spotted  leaves  introduced  through  Bowman  from  the 
Organ  Mountains,  Brazil. 

The  flowers  small,  greenish-white,  the  coronal  threads  violet  and  tipped 
with  white ;  the  leaves  green,  prettily  mottled  with  cream-white  or 
yellow. 

PAULLINIA   THALICTEIFOLIA,  Juss. 

Hot.  Mag.  t.  5879  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1872,   p.  8,   fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1873,   vol.  iii. 

p.  84,  fig.  p.  87. 

A  native  of  the  Eio  de  Janeiro  province  of  Brazil,  introduced  through 
Bowman ;  a  pretty  semi-scandent  stove  foliage  plant  with  finely  divided 
feathery  leaves  resembling  the  fronds  of  some  species  of  Davallia. 

The  flowers,  greenish  and  insignificant,  were  produced  for  the  first 
time  in  October  1870. 

PENTAPTEEYGIUM  EUGOSUM,  Hook. 

Syns.  Vaccinium  rugosum,  Hook,  and  Thorns.  MS. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5198 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1860,  p.  384;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1874,  p.  131. 

A  hard-wooded  greenhouse  plant  introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  from 
the  Khasia  Hills,  where  it  was  originally  discovered  by  Griffiths,  and  later 
by  Drs.  Hooker  and  Thomson. 

The  drooping  tubular  flowers  with  transverse  lines  of  red  on  a  white 
ground,  a  peculiarity  which  gained  for  the  plant  the  trivial  name  of  "  Chinese 
Lantern  Flower,"  were  first  produced  and  exhibited  as  a  species  of 
Thibaudia,  in  April  1860,  before  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society. 

PHILAGEEIA  VEITCHII,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  358,  with  fig. 

A  more  than  remarkable  bigeneric  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  from 
Lapageria  rosea  crossed  with  the  pollen  of  Philesia  buxifolia,  in  habit 

278 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

intermediate  between  the  two  parents,  though  rather  more  akin  to  the 
female  than  to  the  male. 

In  the  character  of  the  flower-stalk,  calyx,  and  corolla  the  plant  more 
closely  follows  Philesia  than  Lapageria,  but  in  stamens  it  resembles  the 
male  parent,  and  in  colour  the  mother.  The  few  plants  still  existing 
are  sickly  subjects — Dame  Nature  will  have  none  of  it ! 

The  compound  name  given  by  Dr.  Masters,  derived  from  the  two 
generic  names  of  the  parents,  formed  a  precedent  since  followed  in 
naming  all  bigeneric  hybrids. 

PHILODENDEON   ANDEEANQM,  Devans. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1887,  p.  11,  fig.  p.  4. 

A  striking  stove  Aroid,  first  discovered  by  M.  Andre  of  Paris,  after  whom 
it  is  named,  and  subsequently  introduced  direct  from  New  Grenada,  the 
native  country. 

The  large  leaves,  which  resemble  those  of  Anthurium  Veitchii,  often 
attain  a  length  of  from  4  to  5  ft.,  and  are  deflected  vertically  from  a  stout 
erect  foot- stalk.  When  young  they  are  of  a  decided  scarlet  colour  tinged 
with  brown,  when  older  of  a  bronzy  red-brown  before  finally  changing  to 
the  bright  velvety-green  of  the  mature  leaf.  The  midrib  and  veins  of 
a  whitish  colour  through  all  stages  of  development. 

PHOEMIUM  TEN  AX,  L.  /.,  var.  VAEIEGATUM. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1870,  p.  33. 

A  variegated  form  of  the  New  Zealand  Flax  sent  from  New  Zealand 
by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  long  strap-shaped  leaves  of  a  dark  green  ground  colour  are 
ornamented  with  broad  stripes  of  yellow  of  varying  breadth,  the  whole 
length  of  the  leaf. 

The  plant  is  ornamental  for  indoor  decoration,  and  a  striking  object 
when  planted  out-of-doors  during  the  summer  months. 

PHOEMIUM  TENAX,  L.  /.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1866,  p.  13. 

A  handsome  form  of  the  New  Zealand  Flax  with  shorter  narrower  leaves 
than  the  type,  effectively  variegated  along  the  whole  length  with  broad 
stripes  of  creamy  white  on  a  pea-green  ground. 

It  was  introduced  to  cultivation  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch, 
is  a  much-valued  plant  in  the  class  to  which  it  belongs,  admirable 
for  conservatories  or  winter-gardens,  and  a  striking  subject  for  sub-tropical 
bedding. 

279 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

PHEYNIUM  VAEIEGATUM,  N.  E.  Broivn. 

Syns.  Maranta  arundinacea,  L. ,  var.  variegata. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1887,  p.  11,  fig.  p.  5. 

An  elegant  stove  plant  allied  to  Maranta  and  Calathea  with  leaves  on 
foot-stalks  about  1  ft.  high,  most  effectively  variegated  with  cream-white 
on  a  green  ground. 

PHYLLANTHUS   EOSEO-PICTUS,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  24,  fig. ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1878,  p.  13,  fig. 

A  stove  shrubby  plant  of  graceful  habit  introduced  from  the  South  Sea 
Islands.  The  small  rounded  alternate  leaves  on  slender  branches  arch 
gracefully,  the  variegation  is  rich,  no  two  blades  showing  the  same 
marking;  some  are  delicate  rose  colour,  some  pure  white,  others  a 
mixture  of  the  two  on  a  dark  olive-green  ground. 

PHYSOSTELMA  WALLICHI,  Wight. 

Syns.  Hoya  campanulata,  Blurae. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4545 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Keg.  1847,  t.  54 ;  PI.  des  Serves,  1850,  p.  283. 

A  very  remarkable  stove  plant,  native  of  the  copses  in  the  mountainous 
districts  of  Java,  first  detected  by  Blume,  and  later  introduced  to  cultivation 
through  Thomas  Lobb. 

It  produced  a  somewhat  curious  waxy  pale  buff-coloured  flower  for  the 
first  time  in  this  country  in  October  1846,  on  which  occasion,  exhibited 
before  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society,  it  was  awarded  a  Silver  Banksian 
Medal. 

PINANGA  VEITCHII,  Wendl. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1880,  p.   16,  with  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1880,  vol.  xvii.  p.  435,  fig.  ; 

PI.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  93. 

A  remarkable  distinct  Palm  distinguished  by  the  unusual  colour  of  the 
foliage,  a  native  of  Borneo,  sent  by  F.  W.  Burbidge. 

The  fronds  in  an  early  stage  are  pale  green,  blotched  and  stained  with 
spots  of  a  deeper  shade,  the  under  surface  dull  crimson,  deepening  with  age 
to  a  bronzy  hue.  Of  dwarf  shrubby  habit,  shoots  from  the  rhizome  rise 
freely  in  a  young  state,  the  chief  feature  as  a  decorative  plant  the  foliage 
coloration. 

PIPEE  BOENEENSE,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  108. 

A  species  of  Pepper  sent  from  Western  Borneo  through  Curtis,  by  whom 
it  was  discovered.  The  leaves  are  of  a  rich  dark  green  with  silvery-grey 

280 


stripes  between  the  nerves ;  the  flowers,  as  in  the  majority  of  this  genus, 
inconspicuous. 

PIPEE   OENATUM,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  13  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  424. 

A  stove  climbing  plant  introduced  from  the  island  of  Celebes  in  the 
Malay  Archipelago  through  Curtis. 

The  leaves  are  heart-shaped  with  pale  rose  foot-stalks  and  numerous 
rose-coloured  spots  on  a  bright  glossy  green  blade. 

PIPER  PORPHYROPHYLLUM,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Syns.  Cissus  porphyrophyllus,  Lindl.  ;  C.  cordifolius  ?  Horfc. 

Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  iii.  fig.  189 ;  Gard.  Chron.  I860,  p.  482  (Report  of  Show)  ;  PI.  des 
Serres,  1861,  torn.  iv.  p.  263. 

A  handsome  stove  climber  raised  from  seed  sent  from  India  by  Thomas 
Lobb  as  Cissus  cordifolius  ?  and  first  exhibited  before  the  Royal 
Horticultural  Society  in  May  1860. 

The  dark  olive-green  leaves  with  salmon-pink  spots  along  the  principal 
veins  of  the  upper  surface,  purple  beneath,  are  very  handsome. 

PIPTOSPATHA  INSIGNIS,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xi.  p.  138,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6598. 

An  interesting  little  Aroid,  discovered  in  Borneo  by  F.  W.  Burbidge 
while  plant-collecting  in  that  island. 

On  this  species  Mr.  N.  E.  Brown  of  Kew  founded  the  new  genus 
Piptospatha,  a  small  Malayan  group  of  the  tribe  Philodendrese,  closely 
related  to  Schismatoglottis,  from  which  it  however  differs  in  wanting  the 
terminal  spike  of  neuter  florets  so  conspicuously  terminating  the  spadix 
in  that  genus. 

PLUMBAGO   ROSEA,  Lindl.,  var.  COCCINEA. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5363. 

A  handsome  variety  raised  from  seed  sent  by  a  correspondent  in  the 
Neilgherries. 

Previously 'cultivated  at  Kew,  but  not  in  commerce,  the  type  species,  a 
very  old  garden  plant,  was  figured  in  Curtis's  Botanical  Magazine  in  the 
year  1794,  t.  230. 

The  variety  coccinea  produces  panicles  of  bright  brick-red  or  scarlet 
flowers  often  more  than  2  ft.  in  length,  when  well  cultivated  a  very 
striking  object. 

281 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

PODOLASIA   STIPITATA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  70 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  123. 

A  remarkable  and  interesting  Aroid,  introduced  through  Curtis  when 
collecting  in  Borneo. 

On  this  species  Mr.  N.  E.  Brown  of  Kew  founded  the  genus,  which 
previously  had  received  the  provisional  name  of  Lasia,  to  which  it  is 
closely  allied.  The  leaves  are  arrow-shaped  on  prickly  petioles ;  the 
spathe  boat-shaped,  open  to  the  base,  brownish-red,  3  to  4  in.  long. 

POTHOS   CELATOCAULIS,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  200;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  23. 

Introduced  from  Borneo  by  F.  W.  Burbidge,  this  interesting  climber, 
flat  on  any  surface  it  can  feel,  holds  its  position  by  numerous  adventitious 
roots  ;  the  leaves  are  oblique,  of  a  dark  velvety  green,  produced  under 
almost  all  conditions  in  any  stove. 

PEIMULA  OBCONICA,  Hance. 

Syns.  P.  poculiformis,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6582 ;  The  Garden,  1881,  vol.  xix.  p.  655,  fig.  ;  id.  1884,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  206, 
pi.  456,  id.  1897,  vol.  li.  p.  316,  pi.  1116 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  121, 
fig.  19. 

This  pretty  greenhouse  Primula,  now  well  known,  has  undergone  great 
improvement  since  first  introduced  through  Charles  Maries,  who  found  it 
in  the  gorges  of  the  Yangtsze,  in  the  Ichang  district.  Plants  flowered  at 
Chelsea  for  the  first  time  in  September  1880. 

The  colour  in  the  virgin  species  is  an  undecided  lilac,  but  many  seminal 
forms  show  a  wide  range,  from  a  pure  white  to  a  deep  rosy  purple. 

The  form  of  the  flower  has  much  changed,  is  now  more  circular,  and,  in 
some  forms,  the  margins  are  deeply  fimbriated.  It  has,  after  many  un- 
successful attempts,  been  made  to  cross  with  another  species  of  the  genus 
— Primula  megassefolia ;  the  result  first  shown  at  the  Temple  Show  of 
1905. 

PEOUSTIA  PYEIFOLIA,  Lay. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5489 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  142,  fig.  37. 

A  woody  greenhouse  climber,  a  Composite,  with  unattractive  small 
white  flowers  and  holly-like  foliage.  As  the  fruit  approaches  maturity  it 
is  a  singular  object,  the  pappus  of  slender  rose-purple  hairs  collectively 
forming  a  plumose  mass  of  great  length  and  breadth. 

It  is  a  native  of  Chili,  introduced  through  Eichard  Pearce,  and  flowered 
for  the  first  time  at  Chelsea  in  July  1864. 

282 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

PSYCHOTEIA  TABACIFOLIA,  Muell. 

Syns.  Palicourea  nicotiansefolia,  Cham.  &  Schlecht ;  P.  discolor,  Hort. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  p.  4;  Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  432  (advt.) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7001. 

An  ornamental-leaved  stove  plant  introduced  from  Peru  through  Kichard 
Pearce  in  1865,  lost  to  cultivation. 

The  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine,  above  quoted,  was  prepared  from 
a  specimen  flowered  at  Kew,  but  the  details  of  origin  have  been  lost. 

PTYCHOSPEEMA   MACAETHUEII,  Wendl. 

Syns.  Kentia  Macarthurii,  Hort. 
Veitchs5  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  72,  with  fig. 

An  elegant  Palm  with  sub-erect  leaves  and  graceful  semi-pendulous 
leaflets  introduced  from  the  neighbourhood  of  the  Katan  Eiver,  New 
Guinea. 

The  stems  of  the  leaves  smooth  and  slender,  the  leaflets,  from  4  to 
8  in.  in  length  and  i  in.  in  breadth,  are  effective. 

EEHMANNIA  ANGULATA,  Hemsl. 

Gard.   Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  290,  snppl.  illus. ;    Flora  and   Sylva,  1904,  vol.  ii. 
p.  280,  col.  pi. ;  Eev.  Hort.  1905,  Dec.  16th,  col.  pi. 

This  perennial  herbaceous  plant,  too  tender  for  the  open  border  in  the 
winter  months,  but  in  summer  suitable  for  German  bedding,  attains  a 
height  of  6  ft.  A  native  of  Central  China,  tres  repandu,  it  was  first 
detected  by  Dr.  Henry,  and  afterwards  introduced  to  cultivation  through 
Wilson. 

The  flowers  in  shape  as  a  large  Mimulus,  with  a  broad  spreading  lip 
and  reflexed  standard ;  in  colour  a  shade  of  deep  rosy-pink  with  a  cream- 
white  throat  spotted  with  purple,  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Coombe 
in  May  1902. 

EHODODENDEON  BEOOKEANUM,  Low. 

Gard.  Chron.  1855,  p.  404,  fig.;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4935;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1857,  torn.  ii.  p.  111. 

An  East  Indian  species  with  golden-yellow  flowers,  from  Sarawak, 
Borneo,  through  Thomas  Lobb,  named  after  Sir  James  Brooke,  the 
distinguished  Eajah  of  Sarawak. 

The  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  and  was  exhibited  in  July  1855. 

EHODODENDEON  BEOOKEANUM,  Low,  var.  FLAVUM. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1872,  p.  9,  fig. 

A  form  of  Ehododendron  Brookeanum  with  clear  yellow  flowers  and 
thick  dark  green  very  glossy  leaves,  from  Borneo. 

283 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

EHODODENDEON  BEOOKEANUM,  Low,  var.  GEACILIS. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  12,  fig. 

A  variety  introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb,  differing  from 
the  type  in  a  more  slender,  graceful  habit,  and  in  having  larger  flowers 
of  a  pale  yellow  colour. 

EHODODENDEON   JASMINIFLOEUM,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1851,  p.  183  (Report  of  Show)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4524. 

A  native  of  Mount  Ophir,  Malacca,  at  elevations  of  5,000  ft.,  sent  to 
Exeter  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1848. 

In  the  Botanical  Magazine  above  quoted,  the  Editor  remarks : — "At 
the  first,  and  truly  splendid,  exhibition  of  flowers  at  the  Chiswick 
Gardens  of  the  present  year  (1850),  few  plants  excited  greater  attention 
among  the  visitors  most  distinguished  for  taste  and  judgment,  than  the 
one  here  figured,  from  the  nursery  of  Messrs.  Veitch  of  Exeter.  Many 
excelled  it  in  splendour,  but  the  delicacy  of  form  and  the  colour  of  the 
flowers  (white  with  a  deep  pink  eye),  and  probably  their  resemblance  to 
the  favourite  Jessamine  (some  compared  them  to  the  equally  favourite 
Stephanotis),  attracted  general  notice.  So  unlike  indeed  are  they  to  the 
ordinary  form  of  Ehododendron  blossoms  that  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle, 
in  recounting  the  prizes  of  the  day,  seemed  to  imply  that  it  was  probably 
no  Ehododendron  at  all !  " 

This  species  has  entered  largely  into  the  production  of  the  race  known  as 
the  javanico-jasminiflorum  hybrids. 

EHODODENDEON  JAVANICUM,  Benn. 

Gard.  Chron.  1847,  p.  374  (Notice  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4336;  Paxt. 

Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xv.  p.  217. 

A  native  of  Java,  extremely  handsome  in  foliage  and  in  the  brilliant 
colouring  of  the  flowers.  Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  from  Java, 
an  imported  plant  was  exhibited  in  flower  for  the  first  time  before  the 
Eoyal  Horticultural  Society  in  June  1847. 

In  reporting  the  Show,  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle  states  it  "  promises 
to  be  a  great  acquisition  as  well  on  account  of  its  own  intrinsic  merit  as 
for  the  purposes  of  hybridization."  That  the  species  has  justified  the 
high  opinion  held  when  first  exhibited,  the  race  of  Greenhouse  Ehododen- 
drons,  known  as  javanico-jasminiflorum  hybrids,  afford  to-day  ample 
evidence.  The  history  of  these  hybrids,  in  the  production  of  which 
Ehododendron  javanicum  took  a  large  share,  is  given  in  a  special  part 
of  this  work  devoted  to  the  genus  Ehododendron. 

BHODODENDEON    JAVANICUM,  Benn.,  var.  AUEANTIACUM. 

Fl.  des  Serres,  1850,  torn.  vi.  p.  135. 
Introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb  from  Java. 

The  flowers  of  the  typical  species  vary  considerably  in  colour,  from 
citron  to  red-orange — the  colour  of  this  variety  is  golden-yellow. 

284 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

RHODODENDRON   JAVANICUM,  Benn.,  var.  FLAVUM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  303  (Keport  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants). 

A  form  with  flowers  of  a  paler  yellow  colour  than  the  type,  introduced 
through  Thomas  Lobb  from  Java. 

RHODODENDRON  JAVANICUM,  Benn.,  var.  TUBIFLORA. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6850. 

A  variety  differing  from  Rhododendron  javanicum  in  having  much  larger 
flowers  of  a  citron-yellow  colour,  with  broad  corolla-lobes  and  a  more 
vigorous  habit  of  growth. 

It  was  sent  from  Sumatra  by  Curtis,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
June  1885. 

RHODODENDRON   LOBBII,  Veitch. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1870,  p.   16,  fig.,  also  col.  pi. ;    Gard.  Chron.    1871,  p.  1323  ; 

Fl.  Mag.  1861,  pi.  10. 

A  very  distinct  species  of  the  East  Indian  Rhododendrons  with  bright 
scarlet  tubular  flowers  in  trusses  of  from  8  to  12  blooms. 

Introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb  in  1861,  it  has  proved 
useful  in  the  production  of  that  beautiful  race  of  garden  forms  known  as 
the  javanico-jasminiflorum  hybrids. 

RHODODENDRON  MALAYANUM,  Jack. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6045. 

Introduced  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1854  from  Mount  Ophir,  it  was 
originally  discovered  by  Dr.  William  Jack,  of  the  East  India  Company's 
service,  on  the  summit  of  Gunong  Bunko,  an  insulated  mountain  in  the 
interior  of  Bencoolen,  Sumatra,  commonly  called  by  Europeans  the  Sugar- 
loaf. 

The  flowers  are  small,  of  a  beautiful  cerise-crimson  colour,  and  the 
habit  of  the  plant  neat  and  compact.  It  has  been  successfully  used 
as  a  parent  in  the  production  of  the  beautiful  greenhouse  hybrid 
Rhododendrons,  and  has  materially  influenced  the  whole  strain. 

RHODODENDRON   MOULMEINENSE,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4904. 

A  species  detected  by  Lobb  at  Moulmein,  on  the  Gerai  Mountains,  at  an 
elevation  of  5,000  ft.,  and  by  him  introduced  to  Chelsea,  flowered  for 
the  first  time  in  January  1856  ;  flowers  pure  white  with  a  tinge  of  yellow 
in  the  centre. 

RHODODENDRON   MULTICOLOR,  Miquel. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6769. 

A  small-flowered  species  with  blooms  of  various  colours,  native  of  the 

285 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

island  of  Sumatra,  where  first  discovered  by  Curtis,  it  was  through  him 
introduced. 

The  type  species,  with  bright  yellow  flowers,  bloomed  for  the  first  time 
in  February  1884. 

EHODODENDEON   MULTICOLOE,  Miquel,  var.  CUETISII. 

Syns.  R.  Curtisii,  Hort. 
PI.  and  Pom.  1883,  p.  185;  id.  1884,  t.  615. 

A  variety  of  Ehododendron  multicolor  with  dark  red  flowers,  first 
produced  in  November  1883,  and  sent  in  1880  from  the  island  of  Sumatra, 
where  it  had  been  detected  by  Curtis  on  mountains  at  an  elevation  of 
some  2,000  ft. 


EHODODENDEON    (AZALEA)   OLDHAMII,  Maximow. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  524. 

Introduced  from  the  island  of  Formosa  through  Charles  Maries,  but 
previously  met  with  by  Mr.  Oldham,  after  whom  it  was  named  by 
Maximowicz. 

This  greenhouse  shrub  has  reddish  salmon-coloured  flowers,  suffused 
rosy  lilac  on  the  upper  lobe,  with  numerous  small  darker  blotches. 

EHODODENDEON  x  PEINCESS  ALICE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  262  (Report  of  Horticultural  Society's  Show);  PI.  Mag.  1865, 

pi.  206. 

A  hybrid  between  the  two  beautiful  Himalayan  species,  Ehododendron 
Edgeworthii  and  E.  ciliatum. 

In  size  the  flowers  of  the  hybrid  nearly  equal  those  of  E.  Edgeworthii, 
and  possess  a  delicate  perfume.  They  are  slightly  tinted  with  rose  in  the 
bud,  but  become  pure  white  as  they  expand. 

EHODODENDEON   VEITCHIANUM,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1857,  pp.  326,  347  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4992  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1861,  torn.  iv.  p.  57  ; 

id.  1862,  torn.  iv.  p.  41. 

A  beautiful  species  with  large  flowers  of  the  purest  white,  and  crinkled 
margins,  native  of  Moulmein,  sent  by  Thomas  Lobb,  and  the  finest  of  the 
genus,  exhibited  for  the  first  time  in  flower  at  a  meeting  of  the  Eoyal 
Horticultural  Society  in  London,  May  6th,  1857.  Succeeding  admirably 
in  this  country,  it  produces  in  early  spring  large  white  flowers  in  great 
profusion.  Eeproduction  is  simple,  from  home-saved  seed. 

286 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

EUELLIA  PEAECEI,  Veitch. 

Syna.  Stemonacanthus  Pearcei,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5648. 

A  native  of  Bolivia,  discovered  by  Pearce,  whose  name  it  bears. 

An  erect-growing  stove  shrub,  with  lance-shaped  leaves  5  to  6  in. 
long,  green  above,  brown-purple  below,  with  a  lax  inflorescence  of  scarlet 
tubular  flowers. 

SALVIA  OPPOSITIFLOEA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  xv.  p.  53 ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1848,  p.  345. 

A  half-hardy  sub-shrub  with  scarlet  hairy  flowers,  discovered  by 
Thomas  Lobb  in  exposed  situations  in  Tarma,  Peru,  and  introduced 
by  him  to  cultivation. 

SANCHEZIA   LONGIFLOEA,  Hook.  f.  ex  Planch. 

Syns.  Ancylogyne  longiflora,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5588 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  with  fig. ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1880-1883, 

torn,  xxiii.  257,  t.  2460. 

Undoubtedly  one  of  the  finest  tropical  Acanthaceae  ever  sent  to  this 
country  from  Guayaquil  through  Pearce,  by  whom  it  was  discovered. 

The  flowers  in  a  drooping  elongated  branched  panicle,  about  2  in.  long, 
of  a  rich  vinous-purple,  the  corolla  tubular,  and  mouth  oblique,  the  small 
segments  of  a  lighter  colour. 

SANCHEZIA  NOBILIS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5594  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  fig. ;  The  Florist,  1867,  p.  154. 

A  most  beautiful  and  interesting  Acanthaceous  plant,  discovered  by 
Eichard  Pearce  in  Ecuador  in  1863,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this 
country  at  Chelsea  in  June  1866.  The  flowers  are  bright  yellow,  densely 
borne  in  panicles,  the  bracts  bright  red  and  the  branches  deep  purple. 

A  form  known  as  variegata  has  the  midrib  and  veins  of  the  leaves 
coloured  yellow,  and  is  cultivated  in  quantity. 

SAEMIENTA  EEPENS,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6720;  Fl.   Mag.   1862,  t.  112;  PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  xvi.  t.   1646;    Gard. 
Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxix.  p.  303,  fig. 

This  plant  belongs  to  a  monotypic  genus,  closely  allied  to  another  also 
monotypic  from  Chili,  Mitraria  coccinea,  has  larger  flowers  of  a  somewhat 
similar  form. 

Sarmienta  repens  inhabits  the  southern  provinces  of  the  main-land  from 
Concepcion  southwards,  and  the  island  of  Chiloe,  which  is  the  southern 
limit. 

287 


HORTUS    VEITCHIT 

It  was  introduced  through  Richard  Pearce,  and  thrives  in  cool,  damp 
conservatories  among  moss,  stones  and  stumps  of  plants. 

SCHISMATOGLOTTIS   CEISPATA,  HooJc.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6576  ;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  iii.  fig.  443. 

A  variegated -leaved  Aroid,  through  F.  W.  Burbidge  from  Borneo, 
flowered  for  the  first  time  in  the  Chelsea  stoves  in  January  1881. 

The  leaves  are  dark  green  above  with  a  broad  irregular  greyish-green 
band  on  either  side  of  the  midrib. 

SCHISMATOGLOTTIS   LAVALLEEI,  Linden,  var.  PURPUREA, 

N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  298. 

A  variety  differing  from  the  type  in  the  deep  vinous-purple  colour  of  its 
petioles,  introduced  through  Curtis,  who  discovered  it  in  Sumatra. 

SCHISMATOGLOTTIS   NEOGUINEENSIS,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Syns.  8.  variegata,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  8. 
An  ornamental-leaved  stove  plant  of  the  Aroid  family,  sent  from  Borneo 
by  Thomas  Lobb. 

The  leaves  resemble  those  of  a  Maranta,  have  a  glossy  green  surface 
along  the  whole  length  of  which  runs  a  feathery  line  of  silver-white. 

SCINDAPSUS   CUSCUARIA,  Prestl 

Syns.  Aglaonema  commutatum,  Schott. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  695  (advt.)  ;  id.  1863,  p.  460  (Notice  of  Exhibit). 
A  stove  plant  belonging  to  the  Aroid  family,  introduced  through  the 
late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  interior  of  Luzon,  Philippine  Islands. 
The  plant  grows  to  a  height  of  about  2|  ft.  and  produces  large  leaves  of  a 
glossy  green  colour,  effectively  ornamented  with  flakes  of  creamy  white 
and  pale  green. 

SCINDAPSUS   PICTUS,  Hassle. 

Syns.  Pothos  argyreus,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  426  (Report  of  Show) ;  id.  p.  603  (advt.) 
A    charming    little   stove    plant  of    the    Aroid    family,    introduced  to 
cultivation  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb,  with  ornamental  leaves 
rivalling  in  their  markings  the  Ancectochili. 

SCUTELLARIA  FORMOSANA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  212  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7458. 

A  pretty  purple-flowered  Labiate  from  the  Island  of  Formosa  through 
Mr.  Ford,  late  Curator  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Hong  Kong. 

288 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

It  succeeds  well  in  a  cool  greenhouse,  producing  freely  pale  violet-blue 
flowers  during  the  early  summer  months. 

SCUTELLAEIA   INCAENATA,    Vent. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4268. 

A  pretty  little  greenhouse  plant  of  the  same  order  with  sage-like  leaves 
and  bright  purplish  rose-coloured  flowers,  raised  from  seed  gathered  on  the 
western  declivities  of  the  Andes,  sent  by  Professor  Jameson. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  July  1846. 

SENECIO  K^MPFEEI,  DC.,  var.  AEGENTEA. 

Syns.  Ligularia  Ksempferi,  Sieb.    &  Zuce.,  var.  argentea;  Farfugium  Kcempferl,  Benth. , 

var.  argentea. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  694  (advt.). 

An  ornamental-leaved  herbaceous  plant  introduced  from  Japan  through 
the  late  John  Gould  Veitch.  The  foliage  resembles  that  of  Senecio 
(Farfugium)  grande,  but  the  variegation  is  in  flakes  and  blotches  of 
white. 

SINNINGIA  CONCINNA,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Stenogastra  concinna,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  530  (Notice  of  Exhibit)  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1862-1865,  torn.  xiv. 
p.  65;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5253;  The  Garden,  1897,  vol.  lii.  p.  22,  pi.  1126;  Gard. 
Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  361,  fig.  137. 

A  curious  and  pretty  but  rather  small  hothouse  herbaceous  plant  with 
small  roundish  leaves  forming  a  tuft,  from  among  which  spring  numerous 
peduncles  bearing  solitary  nodding  tubular  blossoms. 

Flowered  for  the  first  time  in  April  1861,  it  was  exhibited  before  the 
Eoyal  Horticultural  Society  in  June  of  that  year. 

SINNINGIA   SPECIOSA,  Hiern.,  var.  MACEOPHYLLA  VAEIE- 

GATA. 

Syns.  Gloxinia  speciosa,  Lodd.,  var.  macrophylla  variegata. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3934. 

Eaised  from  seed  from  our  collector  in  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil, 
flowered  in  September  1841,  and  exhibited  before  the  Eoyal  Horticultural 
Society. 

As  with  other  species  from  which  the  florists'  Gloxinia  has  been  derived, 
the  flowers  droop  and  are  more  like  those  of  Achimenes  than  the  Gloxinias 
we  are  accustomed  to  at  the  present  day. 

SONEEILA  BENSONI,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6049. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  by  Col.  Benson,  who  procured  it  in  the  Western 
Ghauts  of  Malabar. 

289 


HORTUS    VEITCHI1 

This  stove  plant  has  shining  green  leaves  shot  with  brown,  purple 
above,  rose-purple  beneath,  and  bright  rose-purple  flowers  with  yellow 
stamens. 

SONEEILA  ELEGANS,    Wight. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4978. 

A  pretty  stove  plant  with  beautiful  leaves  and  delicate  rose-pink  blooms, 
introduced  from  the  Neilgherries  through  Thomas  Lobb,  and  first  flowered 
in  January  1851. 

SONEEILA  MAEGAEITACEA,  Lindl 

Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.   727 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5104 ;  PL   des  Serres,  fc.  1126 ;  The  Florist, 

1855,  pi.  98. 

A  very  ornamental  stove  plant  with  small  rose-pink  flowers  and  dark 
green  leaves  regularly  punctuated  with  silvery  white  spots  on  the  upper 
surface  marked  beneath  with  rose-purple  veins.  From  India  through 
Thomas  Lobb,  first  flowered  during  the  summer  of  1854. 

SONEEILA   SPECIOSA,   Zenker. 

Syns.  8.  orliculata,  Lindl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5026;  Lindl.  in  Jour.  R.H.S.  1853,  p.  56. 

A  species  remarkable  for  the  beauty  of  deep  rose-purple  flowers, 
introduced  with  Sonerila  elegans  from  the  Neilgherries  through  Thomas 
Lobb  in  1856. 

SONEEILA   STEICTA,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4394. 

The  first  species  of  this  genus  of  ornamental-leaved  plants  to  be  cultivated 
in  Europe.  The  seed  received  from  Thomas  Lobb  from  Java,  plants 
raised  flowered  in  May  1848. 

STENOSPEEMATION  POPAYANENSE,   Schott. 

Syns.  Spathiphyllum  Wallisii,  Hort.  ;  Stenospermation  Wallisii,  Mast. 
Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  558,  with  figs. 

An  interesting  and  ornamental  Aroid,  from  Columbia  through  Gustav 
Wallis. 

The  stems  reach  a  height  of  from  2  to  3  ft.  and  produce  alternate 
petiolate  leaves.  The  spathes  on  long  slender  peduncles  which  bend, 
are  boat-shaped,  ivory-white  in  colour,  and  enclose  an  oblong  spadix, 
which  bears  the  same  relation  to  the  spathe  as  the  clapper  does  to 
a  bell. 

STIGMAPHYLLON   HETEEOPHYLLUM,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4014. 

A    handsome    yellow-flowered    stove   climber,     from     seed    sent    by 

290 


Mr.  Tweedie  from  Buenos  Ayres  in  1841,  first  flowered  in  the  December 
of  1842. 

This  interesting  plant  derives  its  generic  name  from  the  curious  green 
foliaceous  appendage  of  the  stigma. 

STEEPTOSOLEN  JAMESONI,  Miers. 

Syns.  Browallia  Jamesoni,  Benth. 

Card.  Chron.  1847,  pp.  374,  401  (Reports  of  Exhibitions)  ;  id.  1848,  p.  618  (advt.) ; 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4605 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1849,  p.  436 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xvi.  p.  5  ; 
The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  6,  pi.  447. 

A  well-known  greenhouse  climber,  native  of  North  Peru,  found  by 
William  Lobb  at  an  elevation  of  6,000  ft.  in  woods  near  Monitre,  in  the 
province  of  Cuenca. 

First  exhibited  in  flower  on  June  5th,  1847,  as  Browallia  Jamesoni,  and 
again  in  1848  under  the  same  name. 

The  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  above  quoted  was  prepared  from 
material  supplied  by  Hector  Munro  Esq.,  of  Druid's  Stoke,  near  Bristol, 
with  whom  it  flowered  in  June  1851. 

After  a  few  years  the  plant  apparently  fell  out  of  cultivation  until  1882, 
when  re-introduced  it  became  more  common,  and  is  now  frequently  met 
with. 

STYLIDIUM   SAXIFEAGOIDES,   Lindl 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4529. 

Eaised  from  seeds  from  the  Swan  Eiver  Settlement  in  1849,  this 
interesting  little  tufted  plant  has  the  appearance  of  a  mossy  Saxifraga 
— scapes  of  rather  large  white  or  yellowish  flowers. 

TACSONIA   MOLLISSIMA,   H.  B.  &  K. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4187 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xiii.  p.  25  ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  v. 
A  beautiful  greenhouse  climber  with  lovely  blossoms  of  a  deep  rose 
colour,  a  native  of  the  woods  near  Quito,  whence    seeds   were  sent  to 
Exeter  by  William  Lobb,  and  plants  raised  flowered  for  the  first  time 
in  1845. 

TECOMA  FULVA,   Don. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4896 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1856,  torn.  i.  p.  83. 

A  greenhouse  shrub  apparently  identical  with  Tecoma  Smithii,  said 
to  be  of  garden  origin,  with  pinnate  leaves  and  handsome  orange-yellow 
tubular  flowers  borne  in  terminal  racemes,  reared  from  seed  received  from 
Peru. 

THIBAUDIA   ACUMINATA,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5752 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  15. 

A  distinct  greenhouse  shrub  from  the  Andes  of  Columbia  and  Ecuador, 

291 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

introduced  through  Eichard  Pearce  in  1868,  but  previously  collected 
by  Jameson,  Hartweg,  and  others,  though  not  introduced.  The  flowers 
are  brilliant  red  in  colour,  the  plant  almost  constantly  in  bloom. 

THUNBEEGIA   LUTE  A,  T.  Anders. 
Syns.  Hexacentris  lutea,  Lindl.  ;  H.  mysorensis,  Wight,  var.  lutea  of  Fl.  des  Serres. 

Anders.  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  1867,  vol.  ix.   p.   448 ;  Lindl.   in  Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  150 ; 
PI.  des  Serres,  1854,  torn.  ix.  p.  217. 

A  stove  climber  from  India  through  Thomas  Lobb,  with  yellow 
flowers  generally  resembling  those  of  Thunbergia  (Hexacentris)  mysorensis, 
but  differing  in  important  technical  details. 

THUNBEEGIA   MYSOEENSIS,  T.  Anders. 

Syns.  Hexacentris  mysorensis,  Wight. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4786 ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  vol.  iii.  p.  88 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1852,  pp.  307,  310. 

A  shrubby  stove  climber  with  racemes  of  rich  yellow  flowers,  raised 
from  seed  received  from  Mr.  M'lvor  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Ootacamund, 
and  exhibited  for  the  first  time  in  flower  at  an  Exhibition  held  in  the 
Chiswick  Gardens  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society,  May  8th,  1852. 

THUNBEEGIA  NATALENSIS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5082. 

A  native  of  Natal,  from  seed  received  from  that  colony  through  Mr. 
Cuming,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  July  1858. 

A  greenhouse  Acanthaceous  plant  with  flimsy  pale  blue  flowers,  yellow 
in  the  centre. 

TIBOUCHINA  ELEGANS,  Cogn. 

Syns.  Pleroma  elegans,  Gardn. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4262 ;  Paxt.  Bot.  Mag.  vol.  xv.  p.  27. 

First  discovered  by  Mr.  Gardner  in  the  Organ  Mountains  of  Brazil, 
and  later  introduced  to  cultivation  through  William  Lobb  from  the  same 
locality. 

It  produced  the  splendid  rich  blue  blossoms  for  the  first  time  in  the 
summer  of  1846. 

TIBOUCHINA  GAYANUM. 

Syns.  Pleroma  Gayanum,  Triana. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6345. 

Pleroma  Gayanum,  one  of  the  least  conspicuous  in  the  genus,  a  native 
of  Cuzco,  in  Peru,  was  discovered  by  the  French  botanist  and  traveller 
Claude  Gay,  in  whose  honour  it  is  named. 

292 


STOVE   AND   GREENHOUSE   PLANTS 

It  was  first  introduced  to  this  country  through  Walter  Davis,  and 
flowered  in  October  1874. 

TIBOUCHINA   OKNATA,  Baill. 

Syns.  Pleroma  strigosum,  Triana  ;  Chsetogastra  strigosa,  DC. 

Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xv.  p.  265. 

A  native  of  Guadaloupe,  originally  discovered  growing  in  beds  of 
Sphagnum  on  the  summit  of  Sulphur  Mountain,  and  introduced  through 
Thomas  Lobb. 

TILLANDSIA   CHEYSOSTACHYS,  E.  Morren. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6906 ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1881,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  87 ;  Rev.  Hort.  1887,  p.  166. 
A  beautiful  species  with  bright  lemon-yellow  spikes  of  flowers  from  the 
forests  of  the  Peruvian  Andes  through  Walter  Davis  in  1881. 

The  specific  name  is  in  allusion  to  the  long  narrow  yellow  flower- 
spike,  the  colour  most  pronounced  in  the  numerous  overlapping  leathery 
bracts. 

TOCOCA  LATIFOLIA,  Naud. 

Syns.  Sphasrogyne  latifolia,  Naud. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  8. 
A  magnificent   stove  plant  with  large   leaves  of  a  rich  velvety  olive- 
green  on  the  upper  surface,   red  beneath,  stems   and  leaf-stalks  thickly 
covered  with  recurved  hairs. 

It  received  the  Silver  Knightian  Medal  when  exhibited  before  the  Eoyal 
Horticultural  Society  in  May  1862. 

TEICHANTHA  MINOE,  Hook. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  666;  Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  172,  with  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5428. 

This  plant  was  first  described  in  Hooker's  Icones  Plantarum  from 
specimens  collected  in  Columbia  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1861,  but  plants 
were  not  obtainable  till  Eichard  Pearce  sent  seed  from  Guayaquil,  and 
they  flowered  in  1863. 

A  stove  climber,  with  ovate  acuminate  leaves,  and  clustered  axillary 
flowers,  the  limb  yellow,  and  the  tube  striped  with  blackish-purple, 
surrounded  by  a  red  hairy  calyx  of  many  segments. 

TEICUSPIDAEIA  DEPENDENS,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Syns.  Crinodendron  Hookerianum,  Miers,  Gay ;   C.  Patagua,  Cav.  ;  T.  hexapetala,  Turcz. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7160  as  T.  dependens  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  564  (Notice  of  New  Plants) 
as  Crinodendron  Patagua ;  The  Garden,  1880,  vol.  xviii.  p.  542,  col.  pi. ;  id. 
1890,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  273,  fig.,  as  Crinodendron  Hookerianum ;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard. 
vol.  iv.  fig.  99,  as  T.  hexapetala. 

This  much-named  plant  is  a  beautiful  greenhouse  shrub  with  evergreen 
leaves  and  drooping  urn-shaped  flowers  of  a  brilliant  scarlet  colour. 

293  u 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

A  native  of  Chili  in  the  Province  of  Valdivia,  and  of  the  island  of 
Chiloe,  introduced  through  William  Lobb  in  1848,  and  successively  re- 
introduced  by  Downton  and  Pearce. 

Though  rarely  met  with,  an  attractive  plant,  not  difficult  to  cultivate 
if  planted  in  a  peaty  soil  in  a  cool  greenhouse  or  in  the  open  in  the 
favoured  counties  of  Devon  and  Cornwall. 

TEOPvEOLUM  CEENATIFLOEUM,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4245 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1846,  pi.  iv. ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1878,  vol.  xiii. 

p.  442. 

Introduced  through  William  Lobb  from  Pillao  and  Chagula,  Peru, 
about  1845,  but  of  little  value  in  comparison  with  other  species  of  the 
genus. 

TKOP^OLUM   UMBELLATUM,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4337 ;  Hemsley  in  The  Garden,  1878,  vol.  xii.  p.  444. 

One  of  the  most  remarkable  of  all  the  Tropaeola  in  having  umbellate 
and  not  solitary  flowers,  as  in  all  hitherto  known  species. 

First  discovered  by  Professor  Jameson  of  Quito,  who  gathered  it  on 
Pilzhum,  a  mountain  to  which  it  is  peculiar,  at  an  elevation  of  7,000  ft., 
but  it  did  not  reach  England  till  sent  by  William  Lobb  in  1847. 

TKOP^EOLUM  VIOL^FLORUM,  A.  Dietr. 

Syns.  T.  azureum,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3985 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1842,  t.  65  ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  ix.  p.  247 ;  Fl.  des 

Serres,  1846,  pi.  vii. 

Genera  in  which  predominate  bright  red  or  orange-coloured  flowers, 
seldom  blossoms  of  a  blue  colour,  an  exception  in  the  genus  Tro- 
pgeolum.  Tubers  of  a  blue-flowered  species  sent  by  William  Lobb 
from  Brazil,  on  being  cultivated  for  only  a  few  months,  produced  flowers 
at  the  Mount  Eadford  Nursery,  causing  great  interest  when  exhibited  at 
the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society's  meeting  of  October  4th,  1842,  on  which 
occasion  a  Silver  Medal  was  awarded. 

Figured  in  the  name  of  T.  azureum  in  the  Botanical  Magazine,  it  has 
now  been  found  identical  with  T.  violaeflorum  previously  collected  by 
Mr.  Miers  in  Chili,  and  also  by  Bridges  on  the  mountain  range  Campana 
de  Quillota  at  an  elevation  of  4,000  ft. 

VACCINIUM  EEFLEXUM,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5781. 

A  greenhouse  sub-shrub,  from  Bolivia  through  Eichard  Pearce ;  an 
interesting  plant  of  pendulous  habit  with  reflexed  glossy  green  leaves 
and  bright  red  flowers,  opened  for  the  first  time  in  January  1869. 

294 


STOVE  AND  GREENHOUSE  PLANTS 

VEITCHIA  JOHANNIS,  Wendl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  205,  fig.  32. 

A  specimen  commemorating  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  who  intro- 
duced the  plant  to  European  gardens  from  Fiji. 

First  discovered  by  Dr.  Seemann,  it  was  sent  to  the  Sydney  Botanic 
Gardens,  but  an  attempt  to  introduce  it  alive  to  England  proved  a  failure. 

The  plant  is  of  slender,  elegant  growth,  in  a  young  state  with  some 
resemblance  to  Kentia  Exorrhiza,  with  which  it  has  been  confused.  The 
fruits,  at  first  green,  gradually  turn  to  a  bright  orange,  ultimately  red 
at  the  base,  the  much-branched  panicle  is  highly  ornamental,  and  in 
cultivation  this  Palm  is  rare. 

VEETICOEDIA  NITENS,  Schauer. 

Syns.  Chrysorrhoe  nitens,  Lindl. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5286. 

An  interesting  plant  of  the  Myrtle  family,  first  made  known  from 
specimens  collected  in  Western  Australia  by  Captain  Mangles,  and 
described  by  Dr.  Lindley  as  "the  magnificent  Chrysorrhoe  nitens,  whose 
yellow  flowers  of  metallic  lustre  form  masses  of  golden  stars  some  feet  in 
diameter."  Long  a  desideratum,  it  was  at  last  raised  from  seed  sent  by  a 
correspondent  in  Australia,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  August 
1861. 

Under  cultivation  it  did  not  attain  that  perfection  expected,  and  is  now 
apparently  lost  to  British  gardens. 

VITIS  ENDEESII,  Hort. 

Syns.  Cissus  Endresii,  Hort.  Veitch. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  8,  fig. 

A  stove  climber  collected  in  Costa  Eica  by  Endres,  named  in  com- 
pliment. 

The  upper  surface  of  the  leaf  is  of  a  rich  velvety  green,  reddish 
prominent  veins  and  midribs,  the  younger  leaves  and  tendrils  strongly 
tinged  with  a  rich  purple-crimson. 

WOEMIA  BUEBIDGEI,  Miguel. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6531;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1885,  p.  13. 

Discovered  by  F.  W.  Burbidge  in  Northern  Borneo,  related  to  the 
Hibbertias  of  our  glasshouses,  and  interesting  as  the  first  species  of  the 
genus  to  flower  in  Europe.  The  blossoms  golden-yellow  in  colour, 
are  4  to  5  in.  across. 

295 


HORTUS  VEITCHII 

XEEONEMA   MOOEEI,  Brongn. 

Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  8,  fig.  3 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1889,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  8. 

A  singular  Liliaceous  plant  with  the  habit  of  an  Iris,  re-introduced 
through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  at 
the  time  lost  to  cultivation. 

The  brilliant  crimson  flowers,  turned  to  one  side  of  the  rachis,  are 
very  brightly  coloured ;  each  is  about  1  in.  in  length,  an  erect  tube, 
from  the  centre  of  which  protrude  the  stamens  fully  |  in.  beyond  the 
mouth,  and  which,  from  their  crowded  position,  impart  a  striking  effect  to 
the  inflorescence. 

ZAMIA   MONTANA,  A.  Braun. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  34. 
Introduced  from  New  Grenada  through  Wallis. 

The  sharp-pointed  pinnae  near  the  extremities  of  erect  leaf-stalks,  deeply 
furrowed  throughout,  are  about  1  ft.  in  length,  very  beautiful  in  form  and 
colour. 

ZAMIA   OBLIQUA,  A.  Braun. 

Dyer  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  460,  fig.  72 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7542. 

Originally  introduced  through  Gustav  Wallis,  by  whom  it  was  discovered 
in  New  Grenada,  this  species  of  rather  small  size,  but  neat  habit, 
produces  bright  green  sharp-pointed  leaflets,  6  to  8  in.  in  length,  on  the 
extremities  of  slender  leaf-stalks. 

ZAMIA   WALLISII,  A.  Braun. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7103. 

One  of  three  new  species  discovered  by  Gustav  Wallis  when  collecting  in 
New  Grenada  in  1873,  and  first  flowered  in  this  country  in  May  1889. 

ZINGIBEE  COLOEATUM,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  166. 

This  very  interesting  plant,  of  little  horticultural  value,  was  introduced 
from  Borneo  through  Burbidge.  The  showy  inflorescence  at  the  base 
is  to  a  great  extent  concealed. 


296 


INSECTIVOROUS     PLANTS 


INSECTIVOROUS    PLANTS 


DEOSEEA   CAPENSIS,   Linn. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6583 ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1880,  p.  311,  pi.  xvi. 

Introduced  by  us  from  the  Cape  in  1874,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time 
in  a  cool  greenhouse  in  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  in  July  1881. 

This  interesting  plant,  allied  to  the  Sundew,  Drosera  rotundifolia,  has 
strap-shaped  leaves  from  4  to  8  in.  long. 

HELIAMPHOBA  NUTANS,   Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7093 ;   Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  194,  fig.  79. 

This  most  remarkable  plant  discovered  by  the  brothers  Schomburgk, 
the  energetic  travellers,  the  first  to  visit  the  mountain  Eoraima,  in  British 
Guiana,  at  the  base  of  which  this  pitcher  plant  was  found. 

Sir  Eobert  Schomburgk  made  an  excellent  drawing  and  sent  it,  with 
dried  specimens,  to  Mr.  Bentham  of  Kew,  who  published  a  full  account 
in  the  Trans,  of  the  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xviii.  p.  432,  and  on  this  species  founded 
the  new  genus  Heliamphora. 

Ee-discovered  in  the  same  locality  by  the  collector,  David  Burke,  in 
1881,  plants  sent  home  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  June  1889. 

NEPENTHES    ALBO-MAEGINATA,   Lobb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  580,  with  fig.  ;   The  Garden,  1880,  vol.  xvii.  p.  542,  col.  pi.  fig.  3  ; 
Fl.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  165. 

Sent  to  Exeter  by  Thomas  Lobb  from  Borneo  with  several  other  fine 
pitchers,  this  small,  handsome  species  takes  its  specific  name  from  the 
peculiar  white  band  surrounding  the  throat  of  the  urn,  below  the  peristome. 
The  base  is  green,  the  upper  portion  bright  rosy  carmine  dotted  with 
creamy  white  on  the  interior  as  on  the  lid. 

NEPENTHES   ANGUSTIFOLIA,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  524. 

A  species  found  in  Sarawak  by  both  Curtis  and  Burbidge,  and  raised 
from  seed  sent  home  by  the  former ;  the  pitchers  small,  not  very  orna- 
mental. 

299 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

NEPENTHES   BICALCAEATA,   Hook.  f. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  200,  fig. ;  Burbidge  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880, 
vol.  xiii.  p.  264;  The  Garden,  1880,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  542,  pi.  237;  id.  1888, 
vol.  xxxiii.  pp.  29,  78. 

A  remarkable  Pitcher  plant,  first  described  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker  from 
specimens  collected  in  Borneo  by  Low  and  others,  but  not  introduced  to 
this  country  till  Burbidge  succeeded  in  sending  home  living  specimens 
from  Borneo  to  Chelsea. 

The  pitchers,  very  singular,  and  distinct  from  those  produced  by  any 
other  species  in  cultivation,  are  furnished  with  two  sharp  incurved  spurs 
which  project  downwards  over  the  mouth  of  the  urn,  and  resemble  the 
fangs  of  a  snake  with  the  head  lifted  to  strike. 

A  possible  use  for  these  fangs  is  suggested  by  Burbidge  in  the 
Gardeners'  Chronicle  above  quoted,  where  he  observes  that  they  serve  to 
prevent  the  contents  of  the  pitchers  being  rifled  by  a  little  creature  known 
as  the  "  Tamperlilie  "  or  "Spectre  Tarsier,"  an  insectivorous  quadruped 
in  the  habit  of  emptying  the  urns  of  their  captured  insects. 


NEPENTHES   BUKKEI,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  492,  fig.  69 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1890,  p.  6,  fig. 

A  handsome  wingless  species  from  the  Philippine  Islands  by  David 
Burke. 

The  pitchers,  some  8  in.  in  length,  are  cylindrical,  contracted  in  the 
middle,  green  in  colour  spotted  with  red  ;  the  top  bordered  by  a  deep  red 
rim,  divided  at  the  margin  into  irregularly  sharp-pointed  lobes. 

NEPENTHES  BUEKEI,  Mast.,  var.  EXCELLENS. 

Jour.  E.H.S.  vol.  xxi.  pt.  ii.,  fig.  47  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1891,  p.  66. 

A  variety  of  the  variable  Nepenthes  Burkei,  introduced  from  the 
Philippines  through  David  Burke. 

Distinguished  from  the  type  by  much  larger  and  somewhat  more 
cylindrical  pitchers  more  richly  coloured ;  the  sharp-pointed,  lobed  rim 
of  the  aperture  is  broader,  of  a  rich  chestnut-red,  the  spots  on  the  pitchers 
larger  and  more  numerous. 

NEPENTHES  BUEKEI,  Mast.,  var.  PEOLIFICA. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vof.  viii.  p.  184. 

A  variety  differing  from  the  type  in  slender  growth,  narrower  leaves, 
and  smaller,  less  highly  coloured  pitchers,  produced  in  such  profusion 
as  to  suggest  the  name  prolifica. 

300 


INSECTIVOROUS   PLANTS 

NEPENTHES   CINCTA,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.   1890,  vol.  viii.   p.    240;  id.   1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  576,  with  fig.  ; 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1886,  p.  5,  with  fig. 

Introduced  from  Borneo  in  an  importation  of  Nepenthes  Northiana 
by  David  Burke.  The  seed  was  collected  from  plants  of  N.  Northiana 
growing  in  company  with  N.  albo-marginata,  and  the  plants  to  which  the 
name  N.  cincta  is  applied  in  all  probability  are  natural  hybrids  between 
these  species. 

The  tubular  pitchers,  9  in.  long  from  the  lid  to  the  base,  are  pale 
yellowish-green  stained  with  crimson  marked  with  numerous  deep  purple 
blotches.  The  rim  oblique,  deep  purple,  finely  ribbed,  has  several  angular 
lobes  as  in  N.  Northiana;  beneath  the  rim  is  a  pale  band  as  in  N.  albo- 
marginata,  from  which  the  name  is  derived. 

NEPENTHES  CUETISII,   Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  681,  fig.  p.  689 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1888, 
p.  6,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7138. 

A  very  interesting,  attractive  species  from  Borneo  through  the  collector 
whose  name  it  bears. 

The  peculiar,  long,  narrow  pitchers  are  yellowish-green,  thickly  mottled 
with  large  blotches  of  purple,  wider  at  the  mouth  than  at  the  base. 

The  operculum  is  remarkable  in  having  two  horns  projecting  from  the 
inner  or  lower  surface,  one  towards  the  apex  and  one  at  the  junction 
of  lid  and  pitcher.  The  horn  at  the  back  in  the  majority  of  cases 
projects  from  the  base  of  the  lid,  and  is  some  distance  beneath  it. 

NEPENTHES  CUETISII,  Mast.,   var.   SUPEEBA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  vi.  p.  661,  with  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  68. 
The   urns   of   this  variety   are   not  only  much   larger  than   those   of 
the    type,   but   the   colour  is   more    rich;    the   ground   tint   a   brilliant 
sanguineous-red  with  longitudinal  yellow-green  streaks  and  markings. 

NEPENTHES   GEACILIS,  Korth,  var.  MAJOE. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  fig. 

A  variety  from  Borneo  with  pitchers  of  medium  size,  of  elegant  outline, 
green,  spotted  and  marked  with  deep  brown,  larger  than  those  of  the 
type. 

NEPENTHES  KENNEDYANA,  F.  Muell. 

Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  257,  with  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  53. 

A  native  of  Cape  York,  North  Australia,  sent  to  Messrs.  Veitch  through 
the  Botanic  Gardens,  Sydney. 

301 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

It  is  distinguished  by  handsome  sub-cylindrical  crimson  pitchers,  from 
3  to  4  in.  long,  inflated  below  the  middle,  contracted  above,  narrow  wings 
in  front  and  a  prominent  rib  on  the  sides. 

NEPENTHES   LJEVIS,  Lvndl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  655,  with  fig. 

A  species  imported  from  Java  and  Singapore,  described  as  follows  in  the 
Gardeners'  Chronicle  : — 

"  It  is  readily  distinguished  from  Nepenthes  phyllamphora  by  its  narrow, 
shining,  leathery  leaves,  wholly  destitute  of  fringed  teeth,  and  by  its 
smaller  pitchers  inflated  near  the  base.  The  crests  of  the  pitchers  are 
sometimes  fringed  and  sometimes  naked." 

NEPENTHES  LANATA,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  375  (Note  on  Exhibit  of  New  Plants)  ;  1'Illus.  Hort.  1876,  t.  261 ; 
Hooker's  Monograph  in  the  Trans.  Linn.  Soc. ;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882, 
vol.  xvii.  p.  178. 

Introduced  from  Sarawak,  Borneo,  where  it  was  discovered  by  Thomas 
Lobb. 

There  has  been  confusion  regarding  this  species,  which  had  been 
mistaken  for  Nepenthes  Veitchii  and  vice  versa.  By  an  oversight  the 
plate  in  I'lllustration  Horticole,  Gand,  quoted  above,  bears  the  name  N. 
lanata,  but  the  accompanying  text  is  headed  N.  Veitchii,  and  the 
description  applies  to  that  species. 

The  pitchers  are  6  in.  long,  greenish,  not  in  the  least  ventricose,  winged, 
and  like  its  supporting  tendril  thickly  covered  with  coarse  hairs. 

NEPENTHES   MADAGASCAEIENSIS,  Poiret. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  685,  fig.  139. 

This  handsome  Pitcher  plant,  native  of  the  exposed  swamps  of  Mada- 
gascar, and  probably  the  earliest  Nepenthes  to  be  made  known  in  gardens, 
was  discovered  by  Comerson,  the  first  European  traveller  in  Madagascar, 
in  1661. 

Nothing  further  was  heard  for  136  years,  when  Poiret,  in  1797, 
published  a  description  in  Lamarck's  Encyclopaedia,  and  it  is  remarkable 
that  this  species  was  almost  the  last  to  be  introduced,  nor  was  it  sent 
home  till  Curtis  made  a  collecting  mission  in  Madagascar  in  1878-1879. 

The  pitchers,  only  of  medium  size,  are  unusually  elegant,  and  richly 
coloured. 

First  exhibited  on  October  llth,  1881,  before  the  Koyal  Horticultural 
Society,  a  First  Class  Certificate  was  awarded. 

302 


INSECTIVOROUS   PLANTS 

NEPENTHES   NOETHIANA,  Hook.  f. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  717,  fig.  144  and  suppl. 

The  existence  of  this  noble  species  was  first  made  known  to  science 
through  Miss  North,  the  well-known  botanical  artist. 

Nepenthes  Northiana  formed  the  subject  of  a  sketch  by  this  lady, 
made  in  Sarawak,  North- West  Borneo,  from  specimens  brought  to  her 
by  Mr.  Herbert  Everett  of  the  Borneo  Company,  who  "traversed  pathless 
forests  amid  snakes  and  leeches,  to  find  and  bring  them  down  to  her." 

The  sketch  having  been  shown  to  Mr.  Harry  Veitch,  was  at  once 
recognized  as  a  new  and  desirable  species,  and  Curtis,  about  to  start  at 
the  time  on  a  collecting  expedition  to  the  East,  was  instructed  to  especially 
search  for  the  plant.  After  some  difficulty  he  succeeded,  sent  seed  to 
Chelsea  in  1881,  from  which  plants  were  raised. 

NEPENTHES  EAJAH,  Hook.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.   1881,  vol.   xvi.  p.  492,   fig.   91;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  53,  fig.; 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  8017. 

This  remarkable  species  first  made  known  in  1851  by  Sir  Hugh  Low, 
who  discovered  it  on  Mount  Kina  Balu,  in  Borneo,  though  he  failed  to 
introduce  to  cultivation,  and  it  was  Burbidge,  collecting  in  1878,  who 
first  succeeded  in  procuring  seed  from  which  plants  were  raised  at 
Chelsea. 

The  huge  bag-shaped  pitchers  are  thus  described  by  Sir  J.  D.  Hooker  : — 
"  The  broad  ampullaceous  pitcher  is  6  in.  in  diameter  and  12  in.  long;  it 
has  two  fimbriated  wings  in  front,  is  covered  with  long  rusty  hairs  above, 
and  studded  with  glands  within.  The  margin  is  scolloped  into  bold 
undulations,  and  the  lid  is  sub-orbicular  10  in.  long  and  8  in.  broad." 

Unfortunately  this  noble  species  is  unusually  difficile,  and  now  exceed- 
ingly rare. 

NEPENTHES   SANGUINEA,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  580,  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  43. 

A  magnificent  species,  with  pitchers  of  a  dark  crimson,  blood-red 
colour,  with  a  peculiar  milk-white  interior.  Introduced  to  Exeter 
through  Thomas  Lobb,  who  met  with  it  on  Mount  Ophir ;  the  pitchers 
often  12  in.  in  length  by  2*  to  3  in.  in  width,  are  of  cylindrical  shape  with 
a  dilatation  at  the  middle  and  a  broad  margin  round  the  aperture,  and 
have  been  known  to  hold  a  pint  of  water. 

NEPENTHES  STENOPHYLLA,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  243 ;  id.  1892,  vol.  xi.  p.  401,  fig. 
A   species   from   Borneo,  at   first  thought  to   be   but  a  mere   form  of 

303 


HORTUS    VE1TCHI1 

Nepenthes  Curtisii,  from  which,  however,  it  differs  in  several  important 
particulars. 

The  pitchers,  6  to  7  in.  in  length  by  about  1|  in.  at  their  broadest  part, 
are  green,  thickly  mottled  with  longitudinal  dark  reddish-purple  blotches, 
cylindric,  narrowed  in  the  middle,  with  two  moderately  deep  laciniate 
wings. 

NEPENTHES  VEITCHII,  Hook.  f. 

Hook.  f.  in  Trans.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxii.  p.  421 ;  Burbidge  in  Fl.  Mag.  t.  265  ; 
Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  541 ;  id.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  780,  fig.  152 ;  The 
Garden,  1880,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  542,  pi.  237  ;  W.  W.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx. 
p.  239. 

A  very  handsome  species  sent  to  Exeter  by  Thomas  Lobb  in  1847,  from 
Mount  Kina  Balu  in  Sarawak,  confused  with  one,  Nepenthes  villosa, 
probably  from  the  fact  that  the  pitchers  and  leaves  are  densely  covered 
with  hair :  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  under  that  name. 

Though  destitute  of  the  rich  colouring  possessed  by  many,  the  broad 
reflexed  finely  ribbed  peristome,  of  a  creamy  olive  or  reddish  colour,  and 
the  pale  green  hairy  body  of  the  pitcher,  render  it  a  striking  object. 

Never  common  in  cultivation,  it  is  now  rare. 


NEPENTHES  x  BALFOUEIANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1899,  vol.  xxvi.  pp.  90,  91,  fig.  39. 

A  very  remarkable  hybrid  named  in  compliment  to  Professor  Bailey 
Balfour  of  the  Edinburgh  Botanic  Gardens,  raised  at  Chelsea  from 
Nepenthes  X  mixta  and  N.  x  Mastersiana,  the  descendant  of  four 
distinct  species. 

NEPENTHES  x  CHELSONI. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  11,  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  429,  fig. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  at  Chelsea  from  a  cross  between  Nepenthes  x 
Dominii  and  N.  Hookeri. 

The  pitchers,  of  a  peculiar  urn-shape,  broad  at  the  base,  narrowing 
towards  the  rim,  with  two  broad  wings  ciliate  along  the  margin,  are 
heavily  blotched  with  crimson. 

NEPENTHES  x  CHELSONI,  var.  EXCELLENS. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1903,  p.  59,  with  fig. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Tivey  from  the  original  Nepenthes  X 
Chelsoni  and  N.  Eafflesiana,  the  latter  the  seed  parent  and  a  very 
magnificent  urn. 

304 


INSECTIVOROUS   PLANTS 

In  shape  resembling  N.  x  Chelsoni,  but  the  wings  are  broader,  and 
the  colouring  of  the  profuse  crimson  blotches  richer. 

NEPENTHES  x  COUETII. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1878,  p.  13,  fig.  ;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  844, 

fig.  160. 

A  hybrid  from  seed  of  an  unnamed  species  from  Borneo  fertilized  with 
pollen  of  Nepenthes  X  Dominii,  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Court. 

NEPENTHES  x  CYLINDKICA. 
Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  521,  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1888,  p.  6,  fig. 

A  distinct  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  George  Tivey  from  Nepenthes 
hirsuta  glabrescens  (N.  zeylanica  rubra  of  gardens)  crossed  with  N. 
Veitchii. 

NEPENTHES  x  DICKSONIANA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  p.  543,  fig.  541;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1889,  p.  11,  fig.  p.  6. 

The  offspring  of  Nepenthes  Rafflesiana  flowering  in  the  Botanic  Garden 
at  Edinburgh,  fertilized  with  the  pollen  of  N.  Veitchii  sent  from  Chelsea. 
The  cross  effected  by  Mr.  Lindsay,  the  progeny  was  dedicated  to  the  late 
Professor  Dickson. 

NEPENTHES  x  DOMINII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  398. 

This,  the  first  hybrid  Nepenthes  ever  raised  by  man,  was  obtained  at 
Exeter  by  John  Dominy,  by  crossing  N.  Eafflesiana  with  an  unnamed 
species  with  green-coloured  pitchers  from  Borneo. 

NEPENTHES  x  F.  W.   MOORE. 

Jour,  of  Hort.  1904,  Nov.  10th,  p.  414,  fig. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Tivey  from  Nepenthes  X  mixta  with 
N.  X  Dicksoniana,  and  of  the  same  parentage  as  N.  X  Sir  W.  Thiselton- 
Dyer  and  x  N.  picturata. 

The  pitchers  are  green,  more  or  less  globular  in  shape,  with  a  fine  red 
margin  to  the  mouth  and  deep  fimbriated  wings. 

NEPENTHES  x  INTERMEDIA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1875,  p.  118  (Report  of  Exhibit  of  New  Plants) ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1875, 
p.  9,  with  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  429,  with  fig.  ;  Masters  in  Gard. 
Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  179,  with  fig. 

Raised  at  Chelsea  by  William  Court  from  Nepenthes  Rafflesiana  and  an 
unnamed  Bornean  species  with  small  spotted  pitchers. 

305 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

NEPENTHES  x  MACULATA. 

Syns.  N.  x  hybrida  maculata. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1866,  p.  4;  Gard.  Chron.   1866,  p.  432  (advt.)  ;  Fl.  Mag.  1868, 

pi.  409. 

Kaised  by  Dominy  from  a  cross  between  Nepenthes  distillatoria  and  an 
unnamed  species  from  Borneo. 

NEPENTHES  x  MASTEESIANA. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  748 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  6,  with 
fig. ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  112. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Court  from  Nepenthes  sanguinea  crossed 
with  the  pollen  of  N.  Khasiana  (N.  distillatoria  of  gardens). 

NEPENTHES  x  MIXTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  46,  fig.  9. 

An  interesting  hybrid  from  Nepenthes  Curtisii  and  N.  Northiana,  the 
first  named  the  pollen  parent. 

First  exhibited  under  the  name  of  Northisii,  a  compound  of  the  names 
of  the  two  parent  species,  but  subsequently  changed  to  mixta. 

NEPENTHES  x  MIXTA,  var.  SANGUINEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  318  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Meeting). 
A  very  dark  form  of  the  type  with  the  ground  colour  suffused  with  deep 
sanguineous-red. 

NEPENTHES  x  PICTUEATA. 

Gard.  Mag.   1903,  Oct.  10th,  pp.  670,  677,  with  fig.  ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  1904,  vol.  ii. 

p.  69,  fig. 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  by  Tivey  from  Nepenthes  x  mixta  and  N.  X 
Dicksoniana,  of  the  same  parentage  as  the  hybrid  N.  x  Sir  William 
T.  Thiselton-Dyer.  A  singularly  handsome  seedling. 

NEPENTHES  x  EATCLIFFIANA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,   p.  53,  1881,  p.  56,  fig.  ;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882, 

vol.  xvii.  p.  178,  fig.  28. 

A  hybrid  dedicated  to  Alfred  E.  Eatcliff  Esq.,  Edgbaston,  Birming- 
ham, a  distinguished  amateur  of  this  interesting  class  of  plants,  and 
obtained  at  Chelsea  from  Nepenthes  phyllamphora  and  N.  Hookeriana. 

NEPENTHES  x  EUBEO-MACULATA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1880,  p.  53  ;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.   1882,   vol.  xvii.  p.  143, 

fig.  24. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  from  Nepenthes  X  hybrida  maculata  and  a 
Bornean  species  which,  at  that  time,  had  not  been  identified  (probably 
N.  lanata). 

306 


INSECTIVOROUS   PLANTS 

NEPENTHES  x  BUFESCENS. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  p.  669,  with  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PI.   1889, 

p.  49. 

A  hybrid  obtained  by  Court  at  Chelsea  from  Nepenthes  zeylanica  rubra 
(N.  hirsuta  glabrescens)  crossed  with  the  pollen  from  a  hybrid  named 
Courtii. 

NEPENTHES  x  SEDENII. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  10,  fig. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Seden  from  a  cross  between  an  unnamed 
species  with  deep-coloured  pitchers  and  Nepenthes  distillatoria. 

NEPENTHES  x  SIB  WILLIAM  T.  THISELTON-DYEE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1900,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  137  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee),  pp.  256,  257, 

fig.  76. 

A  very  fine  hybrid  won  by  George  Tivey,  the  result  of  crossing 
the  two  fine  hybrids  Nepenthes  x  mixta  and  N.  X  Dicksoniana,  the 
descendant  of  four  distinct  species. 

NEPENTHES  x  TIVEYI. 

Gard.  Chron.   1897,  vol.    xxii.   p.    187  (Report  of   R.H.S.  Floral  Committee);    Gard. 
Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  pp.  200,  201,  figs.  59,  60. 

Baised  by  George  Tivey  at  Chelsea  from  Nepenthes  Veitchii  and  N. 
Curtisii  superba,  the  latter  the  seed-bearer. 

NEPENTHES  x  WBIGLEYANA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.   1880,  p.   54 ;  Masters  in  Gard.   Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  143, 

fig.  23. 

A  hybrid  named  in  compliment  to  Oswald  Wrigley  Esq.,  of  Bridge 
Hall,  Lancashire,  a  distinguished  amateur  of  Pitcher  plants,  and  raised 
at  Chelsea  from  Nepenthes  phyllamphora  crossed  with  the  pollen  of 
N.  Hookeriana. 

SABBACENIA  x  CHELSONI. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  18,  with  fig.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  722,  fig.  125 : 
id.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  817,  fig.  148a. 

A  beautiful  hybrid  raised  by  Court  at  Chelsea  from  Sarracenia  rubra 
and  S.  purpurea,  the  latter  the  pollen  parent. 

The  pitchers  intermediate  in  form  between  those  produced  by  the  two 
species,  are  of  a  bright  rich  crimson  hue. 

SABBACENIA  x  COUBTII. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1885,  p.  8,  with  fig. ;  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  381  (Report 
of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Chelsea  by  Court  from  Sarracenia  purpurea  and 
S.  psittacina,  the  last  named  the  pollen  parent. 

307 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  procumbent  pitchers,  as  those  of  both  the  parents,  in  a  regular 
radiating  rosette,  bright  crimson-purple  from  the  middle  upwards,  are 
veined  and  reticulated  with  a  deeper  tint :  they  change  with  age  to  a 
deep  blood-red  with  blackish-purple  veins. 


SAEEACENIA  x  FOEMOSA. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  41;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  55. 

A  beautiful  hybrid  from  Sarracenia  psittacina  and  S.  variolaris  in  which 
the  characteristics  of  the  two  are  intimately  blended  in  the  ascend- 
ing pitchers,  intermediate  in  form  and  length,  while  the  beak-like  lid  is 
altogether  that  of  S.  psittacina. 

All  the  upper  portion  of  the  pitcher  has  bright  crimson  reticulated 
nervation,  with  the  characteristic  spotting  of  S.  variolaris;  the  basal 
portion  pale  fulvous-green. 

SAEEACENIA  x  MELANOEHODA. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  40  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  54,  with  fig. 

A  hybrid  raised  by  Court  at  Chelsea  between  Sarracenia  purpurea  and 
S.  X  Stevensii,  the  latter  itself  a  hybrid  by  the  late  Mr.  Stevens,  one 
time  gardener  to  the  Duke  of  Sutherland,  at  Trentham. 

The  pitchers  are  semi-decumbent  and  about  intermediate  in  position 
between  the  erect  ones  of  S.  X  Stevensii  and  the  prostrate  ones  of  S. 
purpurea,  funnel-shaped  with  a  broad  wing  on  the  upper  side,  when 
mature  blood-red  veined  with  crimson.  The  lid  erect  and  crisped,  is 
beautifully  veined  with  blackish  crimson  on  a  reddish-yellow  ground. 

SAEEACENIA  x  WILLISII. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  761  (Report  of  B.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 

Eaised  at  Chelsea  from  Sarracenia  X  melanorhoda  and  S.  X  Courtii — 
derived  from  four  distinct  species. 

The  green  pitchers  with  purple  veining  are  some  8  in.  in  length. 

UTEICULAEIA  ENDEESII,  Rchb.  f. 

Rchb    in  Gard.  Chron.   1874,  vol.  ii.  p.  582;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  6656;  The  Garden,  1880, 
vol.  xxviii.  p.  432,  col.  pi. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  20,  with  fig. 

A  pretty  epiphytal  Bladder-wort,  introduced  in  1868  through  Endres 
from  Costa  Eica. 

The  flowers,  of  a  light  lilac  or  delicate  mauve  colour  with  a  creamy 
white  lip  and  yellow  palate,  resemble  those  of  Utricularia  montana  in 
shape. 

308 


EXOTIC   FERNS 


EXOTIC   FERNS 

ACEOSTICHUM   AUEEUM,  L. 

Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  432  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  p.  1. 

A  bold-habited  semi-aquatic  fern,  introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch  from  Cape  York,  Australia.  The  tall  erect  fronds  of  pinnate  form, 
the  pinnae  oblong,  emarginate,  sometimes  almost  cuspidate,  the  lower 
entirely  barren,  the  upper  wholly  fertile ;  it  is  usually  found  near  the  sea. 

ACEOSTICHUM   LECHLEEIANUM,  Hook. 

Syns.  Poly'botrya  Lechleriana,  Mettenius. 
Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  pp.  394,  400,  401,  figs.  79,  80. 

Introduced  through  Walter  Davis  from  Peru,  this  fine  stove  species, 
of  scandent  habit,  has  finely  divided  fronds  exceeding  2  ft.  in  length. 

At  first  taken  to  be  Cyathea  microphylla,  it  was  found,  on  fructification, 
to  belong  to  the  genus  Polybotrya,  now  included  under  Acrostichum  by 
Hooker. 

ADIANTUM   jEMULUM,  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  584,  with  figs. 

Introduced  from  Brazil,  this  handsome  species,  less  rigid  in  habit  than 
Adiantum  decorum,  and  less  drooping  than  A.  cuneatum,  is  of  about  equal 
stature,  but  a  bluer  green. 

ADIANTUM  ^THIOPICUM,  L.,  var.  CHILENSE,  Kaulf. 

Syns.  A.  chilense,  Kaulf. 
Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  11. 

For  this  Chilian  Maiden-hair  Fern,  a  very  beautiful  species,  we  are 
indebted  to  Eichard  Pearce,  who  discovered  it  in  Chili;  the  smooth- 
looking  glaucous-green  broad  pinnuled  fronds  are  distinct  and  remarkably 
handsome. 

311 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

ADIANTUM  JETHIOPICUM,  L.,  var.  SCABEUM,  Kze. 

Syns.  A.  scalrum,  Kze. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  11. 
This   Silver   Maiden-hair   Fern,  a   native   of    Chili,    sent   by   Richard 
Pearce,   is  of   dwarf   habit,    with   oblong  fronds    and   black  stipes ;  the 
pinnules,   oblong   or  trapeziform,  are   sprinkled   on   both   surfaces  with 
farinose  powder. 

ADIANTUM  COLPODES,  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1865,  p.  530. 

Baised  from  spores  collected  in  Ecuador  by  Richard  Pearce,  the  fronds 
tinted  with  rose-colour  in  the  young  state  like  those  of  Adiantum  tinctum, 
somewhat  resemble  A.  Capillus-veneris  in  outline,  but  the  sori  are  very 
distinct.  The  margin  of  the  pinnule  has  a  crenated  appearance  with 
bay-like  recesses  as  the  specific  name  implies. 

ADIANTUM   CONCINNUM,  H.  B.  R.,  var.  LATUM,  Moore. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  14,  fig.  p.  2. 

A  beautiful  form,  differing  from  the  type  in  having  broader  fronds,  a 
more  erect  habit  and  stronger  growth. 

It  was  introduced  from  Muna,  a  Province  of  Peru,  through  Richard 
Pearce,  and  exhibited  for  the  first  time  before  the  Royal  Horticultural 
Society  in  May  1867. 

ADIANTUM  CUNEATUM,  L.  &  P.,  var.  GRANDICEPS,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  685. 

A  variety  of  garden  origin,  a  multifid  form  of  the  well-known  Adiantum 
cuneatum,  of  the  same  habit  of  growth  as  the  type,  differing  only  in 
tasselled  apices. 

ADIANTUM   DIGITATUM,  PresL,  var.  SPECIOSUM,  Hook. 

Syns.  A.  speciosum,  Horfc. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1875,  p.  10,  fig.  p.  1 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1875,  p.  272,  fig. 
A  variety  from  Peru,  with  the  whole  of  the  pinnules  covered  with  dense 
short  hairs,  a  woolly  feeling  to  the  touch. 

The  semi-scandent  habit  and  the  deciduous  fronds  are  uncommon 
characters  in  the  genus  to  which  the  Maiden-hair  Ferns  belong. 

ADIANTUM  HENSLOVIANUM,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  A.  sessilifolium,  Hook. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  15 ;  Moore  in  PI.  and  Pom.  1873,  p.  277. 
A   distinct  greenhouse   species  of  Adiantum   with  fronds   2|   to  3  ft. 
in  length,  of  a  semi-pendulous  character,  sent  from  Peru  through  Richard 
Pearce. 

312 


FERNS 

ADIANTUM  MACROPHYLLUM,  Sw.,  var.  GLAUCUM,  T.  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  621,  figs.  126  and  127. 

Imported  both  from  Peru  and  New  Grenada. 

As  compared  with  the  typical  species,  this  form  may  be  distinguished 
by  a  pronounced  glaucous-green  hue,  and  by  the  narrower  pinnae  with  a 
strong  tendency  to  be  straight-edged. 

ADIANTUM  MONOCHLAMYS,  Eaton. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1886,  p.  9;  Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  p.  125. 

A  dwarf  species  of  Maiden-hair  Fern  from  Japan,  closely  allied  to 
the  beautiful  Himalayan  Adiantum  venustum,  from  which,  however,  the 
dwarf  habit  and  glaucous  foliage  are  distinct. 

ADIANTUM  MOOEEI,  Baker. 

Syns.  A.  amabile,  Moore. 

Baker  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  811;  Moore  in  Gard.   Chron.   1868,  p.   1090;  PI.  and 

Pom.  1872,  p.  287,  fig. 

Introduced  through  Richard  Pearce  from  the  Andes  of  Peru. 

Unfortunately  the  specific  name  amabile  which  Mr.  Moore  selected  had 
already  been  used  by  Liebmann  for  a  Mexican  species,  and  in  the 
2nd  edition  of  Synopsis  Filicum,  Mr.  Baker  changed  the  name  to  Moorei 
in  compliment  to  Moore  of  Chelsea,  who  had  done  so  much  to  elucidate 
the  nomenclature  of  Ferns. 

ADIANTUM  PALMATUM,  T.  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  vii.  p.  40,  fig.  5 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  20, 

fig.  p.  4. 

One  of  the  most  beautiful  and  attractive  of  Maiden-hair  Ferns,  from 
very  high  elevations  on  Chimborazo,  South  America  :  the  fronds  deciduous. 

ADIANTUM  PERUVIANUM,  Klotzsch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  457,  fig.  ;  Hooker  and  Baker,  Synop.  Fil.  ii.  35,  t.  81 ;  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  10,  fig.  p.  3. 

A  noble  Maiden-hair  first  made  known  to  science  from  specimens 
collected  in  Peru  by  Ruiz  and  Pavon,  later  in  the  same  locality  by 
Mathews,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Richard  Pearce. 

A  remarkably  handsome  species,  the  fronds  spread  and  hang  gracefully 
dependent  as  the  boughs  of  a  weeping  willow. 

ADIANTUM  PRINCEPS,  T.  Moore. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1876,  p.  18,  fig.  p.  4;  Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  197, 
figs.  43,  44;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1877,  p.  243,  figs. 

Introduced  to  cultivation  from  New  Grenada  through  Gustave  Wallis, 

313 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

and  remarkable  for  the  size  of  the  individual  pinnules  and  for  the  graceful 
pendant  form  of  the  frond. 

ADIANTUM  EUBELLUM,  T.  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  866;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  1.  fig. 

Introduced  from  Peru  through  Kichard  Pearce.  A  dwarf  and  compact 
plant  belonging  to  the  Capillus-veneris  section,  characterized  by  a  roseate 
hue  with  which  the  young  fronds  are  more  or  less  decorated,  and  which 
suggested  the  specific  name. 

ADIANTUM   SEEMANNI,  Hook. 

Syns.  A.  Zahnii,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PI.  1875,  p.   10,  fig.  p.    2 ;    Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1875,  p.  396 ; 
PI.  and  Pom.  1876,  p.  218,  fig. 

A  noble  species  of  Maiden-hair,  first  exhibited  under  the  name  of 
Adiantum  Zahnii,  but  afterwards  found  to  be  identical  with  A.  Seemanni, 
described  in  1851  by  Sir  William  Hooker,  from  dried  specimens  collected 
by  Dr.  Seeman  at  Veraguas,  Central  America ;  introduced  to  cultivation 
from  the  same  locality  through  Zahn. 

ADIANTUM   SULPHUEEUM,  Kaulfuss. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  12. 

A  charming  greenhouse  Maiden-hair  Fern  with  the  whole  under  surface 
of  the  frond  covered  with  golden-coloured  powder,  as  in  several  of  the 
Gymnogrammes  and  other  gold  ferns.  Introduced  from  Chili  through 
Kiohard  Pearce. 

ADIANTUM  TINCTUM,  T.  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  932. 

A  beautiful  Maiden-hair  Fern  from  Peru,  apparently  closely  related  to 
Adiantum  concinnum.  The  fronds,  however,  appear  to  be  only  bipinnate, 
the  habit  of  growth  quite  different.  It  is  especially  remarkable  for 
the  rose-red  tint  of  the  young  fronds,  approaching  in  outline  the  larger 
forms  of  A.  Capillus-veneris,  but  the  fructification  has  no  resemblance. 

ADIANTUM  VEITCHIANUM,  T.  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  1090 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  1,  fig. 

One  of  the  Peruvian  introductions  of  Eichard  Pearce,  by  whom  it  was 
found  at  Mufia,  in  the  Peruvian  Andes. 

The  young  fronds  are  very  beautiful,  of  a  fine  red  colour,  the  mature 
pale  green. 

314 


FERNS 

ADIANTUM  WAGNERI,  Mett. 

Syns.  A.  decorum,  T.  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  582. 

Introduced  from  the  Andes  of  Peru  through  Eichard  Pearce. 

In  aspect  this  species  is  suggestive  both  of  Adiantum  concinnum  and 
A.  cuneatum,  having  much  the  same  outline  of  frond  as  the  latter,  and 
pinnules  of  about  the  same  size,  but  more  variable  in  form.  In  habit 
stiffer  and  more  erect  than  either  of  the  two  named,  due  to  the  stouter 
stipites  and  rachides. 

ADIANTUM   WEIGANDII,  Moore. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1885,  p.  9 ;  Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  748  ;  PI.  and 

Pom.  1884,  p.  9. 

A  pretty  distinct  fern  of  garden  origin,  obtained  from  Mr.  Weigand  of 
Astonia,  Long  Island,  New  York,  for  our  houses. 

ASPIDIUM  ACULEATUM,  Sw.,  var.  TSUS-SIMENSE,  Hook. 

Syns.  Polystichum  Tsus-simense,  Schott. 
Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  t.  ccxx. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1891,  p.  60. 

A  useful  decorative  fern,  from  Japan,  of  dwarf,  compact  habit,  the 
fronds  rarely  exceeding  1  ft.  in  length,  spread  gracefully  on  all  sides ;  the 
pinnae  of  leathery  texture  are  of  a  deep  lustrous  green. 

ASPIDIUM   AEISTATUM,  Sw.,  var.  VARIEGATUM,  Hort. 

Syns.  Lastrea  aristata,  Moore,  var.  variegata. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  75. 

An  elegant  greenhouse  fern  received  from  Japan,  differing  from  the  type 
in  bands  of  yellowish-green  running  through  the  bases  of  the  pinnules 
along  the  course  of  the  rachis. 

ASPIDIUM  FALCATUM,  Sio.,  var.  PENDULUM,  Hort. 

Syns.  Cyrtomium  falcatum,  Pappe  &  Raws,  var.  pendulum. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1892,  p.  8. 

A  pendulous  form  of  the  type  with  more  narrow  pinnae,  but  with  the 
same  glossy-green  colour,  well  adapted  for  cultivation  as  a  basket  plant 
in  the  cold  greenhouse. 

ASPIDIUM  FLEXUM,  Kze. 

Syns.  Polystichum  flexum,  Remy. 
Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  13. 

A  fine  hardy  fern,  sent  from  Chili  by  Richard  Pearce,  with  tripinnate 
fronds,  oblong  toothed  segments  of  a  thick  leathery  texture. 

315 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

ASPIDIUM   SETOSUM,  Blume. 

Syns.  Polystichum  setosurn,  Schott. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  14;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.);  Nich.  Diet.  Gard. 

(Century  Suppl.),  fig.  89. 

Introduced  to  cultivation  from  Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch. 

A  hardy  species  with  bipinnate  fronds  2  to  3  ft.  or  more  in  height ; 
the  pinnules  remarkable  for  a  fringe  of  setae  or  stiff  hairs,  stand  erect 
from  the  plane  of  the  frond  and  have  a  bristly  appearance. 

ASPIDIUM  TEIPTEEON,  Kunze. 

Syns.  Polystichum  tripteron,  Knnze. 
Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  74 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,p.  17. 

Introduced  from  Japan  through  Charles  Maries,  found  growing  in  rocky 
places  on  the  shady  hills  of  that  country. 

It  is  a  hardy  or  cool  greenhouse  fern  of  great  elegance,  with  fronds 
from  12  to  18  in.  in  length. 

ASPLENIUM   BELANGEEI,  Kunze. 

Syns.  A.  Veitchianum,  Moore. 
Lowe's  British  and  Exotic  Ferns,  vol.  v.  pi.  v. 

A  native  of  Java,  and  various  parts  of  the  Malay  Peninsula ;  the  fronds 
1  ft.  to  18  in.  in  length,  are  bipinnate,  with  numerous  pinnae  1  to  1^  in. 
long  by  \  in.  broad.  It  is  an  elegant  species,  a  stove  temperature 
essential  for  successful  cultivation. 

ASPLENIUM   CETEEACH,  L.,   var.   AUEEUM,   Link. 

Syns.  Ceterach  aureum,  Link. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  34. 

An  introduction  from  Teneriffe,  resembling  the  common  Ceterach 
officinarum,  but  the  fronds  covered  behind  with  silvery  scales  assume 
a  yellowish-brown  hue  as  they  develop. 

ASPLENIUM   CONSIMILE,  Gay. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  695  (advt.). 

Introduced  from  Chili  by  Eichard  Pearce,  this  dwarf  tufted  species, 
with  pinnated  deep  green  fronds,  rising  from  a  dense  crown  of  brownish 
semi-transparent  scales,  is  remarkable  for  its  enduring  properties. 

316 


FERNS 

ASPLENIUM   FERULACEUM,  Moore. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  44;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  (Century  Suppl.),  fig.  103. 
A   beautiful  stove  fern  from  New  Grenada  by  Gustave  Wallis,   with 
fronds  unusually  light  and  pleasing  in  appearance,  and  pinnules  delicate 
and  fine  in  texture. 

ASPLENIUM   LATIFOLIUM,   Don. 

Syns.  Afhyrium  latifolium,  Presl. 
Gard.  Chron.  I860,  p.  432  (advt.)  ;  id.  p.  634 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1866,  p.  1. 

A  distinct,  hardy  fern,  not  unlike  Asplenium  lanceolatum  in  appearance, 
introduced  from  Chili  through  Richard  Pearce. 

ASPLENIUM  LONGISSIMUM,  Blume. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  27. 

A  useful  basket  subject  from  Java,  with  fronds  2  to  8  ft.  in  length,  in 
some  respects  resembling  a  species  of  Nephrolepis. 

ASPLENIUM  OBTUSILOBIUM,   Hook. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1000;  Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  696. 

A  handsome  fern  brought  to  this  country  by  Sir  Daniel  Cooper,  Bart., 
from  the  New  Hebrides,  and  placed  in  the  hands  of  the  Veitchian  people 
for  distribution.  Dark  green  smooth  shining  fronds  form  a  thick  tuft, 
out  of  which  grow  numerous  stolons,  on  which  at  intervals  young  fern 
plants  are  produced. 

ASPLENIUM   SCANDENS,   /.  Sm. 

Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  639. 

Introduced  from  Sumatra  through  Curtis.  A  stove  species  of  climbing 
habit,  with  lanceolate  fronds  1  ft.  or  more  in  length,  narrowed  gradually 
from  the  middle  towards  the  base  and  apex. 

ASPLENIUM  VIELLAEDII,  Mett. 

Syns.  A.  Schizodon,  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  1004,  with  fig.  ;  id.  1872,  p.  1654;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

1874,  p.  15. 

Introduced  from  New  Caledonia  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in 
1868,  and  remarkable  for  the  frond  serration  irregularly  bi-  or  tri-serrate, 
and  from  3  to  4  hi.  long. 

BLECHNUM   NITIDUM,   Presl. ,   var.   CONTRACT  UM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  670  (advt.);  Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  iii.  p.  55. 
A  bold  habited  Lomaria-like  fern  from  the  Philippine  Islands,  with 
fronds  in  a  young  state  of  a  deep  red  colour. 

317 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CHEILANTHES  MYSUBBNSIS,    Wallich. 

Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  ii.  p.  100;  Gard.   Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.);  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

1862,  p.  12. 

An  elegant,  small-growing  species,  raised  from  spores  collected  in 
Nagasaki,  Japan,  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  fronds,  from  6  in.  to  1  ft.  in  length,  are  furnished  with  oblong 
pinnules  ;  the  rachis  and  stipes  are  dark  purplish-brown  and  scaly. 

CHEILANTHES  UNDULATA,   Hope   &   C.   H.    Wright. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  397. 

This  species  was  first  discovered  in  Yunnan,  Central  China,  by  Dr. 
Henry,  and  later,  from  the  same  region,  Wilson  sent  home  material  from 
which  plants  were  raised  at  the  Royal  Gardens,  Kew. 

DAVALLIA  AFFINIS,    Hook. 

Syns.  Acrophorus  affinis,  Moore. 

Veitchs'   Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  11;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  fig. 

622. 

A  handsome  stove  species  sent  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb. 
The  thick  scaly  rhizomes  creep  along  the  surface  of  the  soil,  and  give 
off  at  intervals  finely  divided  fronds,  2  to  3  ft.  long. 

DAVALLIA  ALPINA,  Bl. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  fig. ;  Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  fig.  623. 

An  interesting  little  stove  fern  of  dwarf  creeping  habit,  with  neat  fronds 
only  2  or  3  in.  in  length,  of  exceptional  interest  to  the  collector,  sent 
from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb. 


DAVALLIA  BULLATA,   Wall,  yar.   MABIESII,  Moore. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  21,  fig.  p.  11 ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1880,  p.  151,  fig. 

This  beautiful  evergreen  fern,  by  Charles  Maries  from  Japan,  produces 
flexuose  rhizomes  freely  in  all  directions,  suitable  for  basket-work,  and 
for  training  in  all  possible  shapes. 

The  familiar  fern-balls  of  the  London  shops  are  made  of  this  fern. 

DAVALLIA  ELEGANS,   Sw.,   var.   POLYDACTYLA,   Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  562  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1882,  p.  18;  Fl.  and 

Pom.  1882,  p.  52. 

A  pretty  crested  form,  raised  at  Chelsea  by  George  Schneider  from 
spores  of  Davallia  elegans. 

318 


FERNS 

DAVALLIA   FEEEUGINEA,   Desv. 

Baker  in  Gard.  Chroii.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  639. 

Described  from  specimens  collected  in  Madagascar  by  Curtis,  through 
whom  it  was  introduced  to  cultivation,  this  large  sarmentose  stove  species 
has  decompound  fronds  and  sessile  crowded  ultimate  segments. 

DAVALLIA  FIJIENSIS,  Hook.,  var.   MAJOE,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  24. 

An  elegant  fern,  a  native  of  the  Fiji  Archipelago,  sent  by  the  late 
Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  one  time  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

A  stove  species  with  slender  stipes,  gracefully  arching  fronds,  the 
pinnules  finely  cut  and  of  a  very  bright  green. 

DAVALLIA  HIETA,   Kaulfuss,  var.   CEISTATA. 

Syns.  Microlepia  hirta,  var.  cristata. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  24,  fig.  p.  14. 

A  crested  form  of  Davallia  hirta,  from  the  New  Hebrides  in  the  South 
Pacific  Ocean  by  Captain  Hoskins,  of  the  same  dwarf  habit  as  the  type, 
but  the  frond  apices  and  the  pinnse  are  bi-  or  tri-furcate. 

DAVALLIA  INTEEMEDIA,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  xxv.  p.  31  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee) ;  Veitchs' Catlg. 

of  PI.  1889,  p.  5. 

A  supposed  hybrid  between  Davallia  Mooreana  (D.  pallida)  and  D. 
decora,  raised  from  prothallium  produced  in  a  pan  in  which  the  spores  of 
the  two  species  had  been  sown. 

D.  intermedia  shows  clearly  the  characteristics  of  the  two  supposed 
parents. 

The  plant  of  free  growth,  of  elegant  aspect,  is  very  suitable  for 
suspended  baskets  in  the  warm  conservatory. 

DAVALLIA  PALLIDA,  Mett. 

Syns.  D.  Mooreana,  Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1869,  p.  964,  with  fig. ;    Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,   p.  20,  fig.  p.  9  ; 
Fl.  and  Pom.  1872,  p.  21,  figs. 

A  native  of  Borneo,  whence  it  was  introduced  through  Thomas  Lobb, 
this  Davallia,  one  of  the  most  beautiful  of  the  genus,  is  remarkable  for  a 
graceful  habit,  a  large  size  combined  with  a  small  sub-division,  pale  green 
colour,  a  smooth  surface  and  bullate  sori. 

319 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

DAVALLIA  PAEVULA,  Wall. 

Nich.    Diet.   Gard.  vol.  i.   fig.   627 ;    Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PL   1868,  p.   7,  fig.  ;  Fl.   and 

Pom.  1872,  p.  108,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb,  a  dwarf-growing  stove 
fern  with  finely  divided  leaves,  averaging  from  1  to  1^  in.  in  height, 
on  creeping  rhizomes  of  from  4  to  6  in.  in  length. 

DAVALLIA  PENTAPHYLLA,  Bfame. 

Lowe's  British  and  Exotic  Ferns,  vol.  viii.  pi.  xviii. 

A  distinct  dwarf  fern,  native  of  Java  and  the  Malay  Archipelago,  whence 
it  was  introduced. 

The  fronds  consist  of  a  terminal  segment  and  usually  two  pairs  of 
lateral  ones. 

DAVALLIA   REPENS,  Desv. 

Syns.  D.  hemiptera,  Bory. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1869,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  4. 

A  beautiful  stove  fern,  similar  in  appearance  to  some  of  the  fine  filmy 
species,  with  a  dwarf  compact  habit,  delicate  cut  fronds  attaining  some 
4  or  6  in.  in  length. 

DAVALLIA   STRIGOSA,  Sw. 

Syns.  Microlepia  strigosa,  Presl. 

Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  i.  47;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1862, 

p.  13. 

An  elegant  fern  of  moderate  size  introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch  from  Nagasaki,  Japan,  with  bright  green  hairy  fronds  about  2  ft.  in 
height,  ovate  acuminate  in  form,  bipinnate  or  tripinnate  with  roundish 
oblong  or  somewhat  trapeziform  pinnules  more  or  less  lobed  or  toothed  on 
the  margin. 

DAVALLIA  TENUIFOLIA,  Sw.,  var.  BUEKEI. 

Gard.   Chron.  1895,  vol.   xviii.  p.   102  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee);  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PL  1896,  p.  6,  with  fig. 

A  variety  sent  from  New  Guinea  by  David  Burke. 

As  distinguished  from  the  type  the  fronds  are  longer,  quite  pendulous, 
the  pinnae  more  distant  and  the  ultimate  segments  narrower  and  more 
elongated. 

DAVALLIA  TENUIFOLIA,  Sw.,  var.  VEITCHIANA,  Hart. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1885,  p.  12,  fig.  p.  7;  FL  and  Pom.    1882,  p.  122;  Gard.   Chron. 

1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  648. 

Probably  the  most  finely  cut  and  graceful  fern  in  cultivation,  sent  to  us 
from  the  Straits  Settlements  by  the  late  Dr.  J.  T.  Veitch,  whose  name 

320 


FERNS 

it  bears.  As  distinguished  from  Davallia  tenuifolia,  the  fronds  are  arching, 
almost  drooping,  the  foliage  more  lace-like,  the  pinnae  longer,  more 
slender,  and  the  ultimate  segments  quite  minute. 

DICKSONIA  BEBTEEOANA,  Hook. 

Hooker's  Sp.   Pil.  i.  23a ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1880,  p.  13,  with  fig.  ;  Nich.  Diet,   of 

Gard.  vol.  i.  same  fig. 

Introduced  from  Juan  Fernandez  through  George  Down  ton,  and  of 
special  interest  as  one  of  the  very  few  plants  in  cultivation  from  that 
remarkable  island. 

DICKSONIA  DAVALLOIDES,  R.  Br.,  var.  YOUNGII. 

Syns.  Dennstaedtia  davalloides,  var.  Youngii. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  22,  fig.  p.  10. 

This  handsome  fern,  a  native  of  the  New  Hebrides,  was  introduced 
through  J.  E.  Young,  Esq.,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W.,  with  whose  name  it  is 
associated. 

The  large  fronds  have  a  bold  graceful  aspect,  attain  upwards  of 
10  ft.  in  length,  and  are  furnished  with  finely  cut  pinnules  of  a  light 
cheerful  green. 

It  needs  the  temperature  of  a  warm  conservatory  for  successful  culture. 

DOODIA    ASPEEA,  B.  Br.,  var.  MULTIFIDA,  Hort, 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1879,  p.  72. 

A  pretty  greenhouse  fern  of  dwarf  habit,  sent  to  us  from  N.S.W.  by 
Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  late  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  Sydney. 

It  is  of  dwarf er  habit  than  the  type,  with  crested  fronds  of  a  pinkish 
colour  when  young. 

DOODIA  DUEIUSCULA,  Moore. 

Syns.  D.  media,  R.  Br.,  var.  duriutcula. 
Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  1114. 

A  native  of  New  Caledonia,  introduced  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  of  neat  tufted  habit,  with  arching  gracefully  curved  fronds  which 
are  practically  evergreen. 

GYMNOGEAMME   FLEXUOSA,  Desv. 

Syns.  Cryptogramme  retrofracta,  Hook. 
Hooker's  Sp.  Pil.  v.  129;  Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  531. 

Introduced  from  Tropical  America,  where  it  has  a  wide  distribution,  it  is 
noteworthy  for  finely  cut  fronds  and  a  flexuose  rachis. 

321 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

GYMNOGRAMME  JAPONICA,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  628  (Notice  of  Exhibit). 

A  species  closely  allied  to  the  Javanese  Gymnogramme  javanica,  from 
Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

GYMNOGEAMME  PEARCEI,  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  340. 

One  of  the  finest  of  the  Silver  Perns  with  tall  triangular  bright  green 
fronds  finely  cut  into  small  narrow  segments  with  a  superficial  resemblance 
to  Asplenium  ferulaceum.  The  lower  part  of  the  stipes  as  well  as  the 
caudex  have  a  covering  of  white  powder,  confined  to  about  2  in.  from  the 
very  base.  The  remaining  part  of  the  stipes,  as  well  as  the  lamina  of  the 
frond,  are  smooth  and  shining.  It  is  still  a  popular  fern  in  collections 
largely  grown  for  decorative  purposes. 

For  its  introduction  we  are  indebted  to  Richard  Pearce,  who  discovered 
it  during  his  journey  in  Chili. 

GYMNOGRAMME  PEARCEI,  Moore,  var.  ROBUSTA,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1888,  p.  11. 

A  variety  of  more  vigorous  habit  than  the  type,  of  freer  growth.  Like 
the  original  species,  the  base  of  the  stipes  as  the  crown  is  covered  with 
a  white  powder,  the  remainder  of  the  frond  green. 

GYMNOGRAMME   SCHIZOPHYLLA,  Baiter. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  14,  fig.  p.  7. 

A  native  of  the  West  Indies  ;  a  remarkable  peculiarity  of  this  Gymno- 
gramme is  the  furcation  of  the  rachis  at  about  two-thirds  of  its  length, 
where  it  is  proliferous,  each  frond  producing  a  young  plant  at  the  point. 

GYMNOGRAMME  VEITCHII,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.    1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  652  (Report  of  Show);  Gard.  Chron.   1884,  vol.   xvi. 
p.  446 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  7. 

A  beautiful  Silver  Fern  with  finely-cut  pinnas  raised  from  spores  of 
Gymnogramme  Pearcei  robusta  sown  with  spores  of  a  variety  of  G. 
chrysophylla,  and  it  may  reasonably  be  assumed  a  hybrid  between  these 
two  beautiful  forms. 

LINDSAYA  RETUSA,  Mett. 

Syns.  Davallia  retusa,  Cav. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1886,  p.  11. 

An  elegant  stove  fern  of  vigorous  growth  introduced  from  Sumatra 
through  Curtis. 

322 


FERNS 

The  fronds  from  2  to  3  ft.  long,  have  pale  crimson  stipes  and.rachids 
and  light  green  pinnae :  of  extremely  light  appearance,  one  of  the  best  for 
basket  culture. 

LOMARIA  BLECHNOIDBS,  Bory. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499(advt.). 

An  effective  hardy  greenhouse  fern  of  moderate  size,  from  Chili,  with 
fronds,  which  grow  in  a  spreading  tuft  from  a  short  caudex,  about  10  in. 
to  1  ft.  in  height,  lance-shaped  in  form  and  deeply  pmnatifid. 

LOMARIA   CILIATA,  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  290 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  p.  8,  tig. 
An  elegant  dwarf-growing  tree  fern,  from  New  Caledonia  by  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch. 

The  arborescent  character  of  the  stem,  together  with  the  lobate 
character  of  the  pinnae,  the  undulate  surface,  truncate  lobes,  and  spinulate 
teeth,  present  the  most  striking  distinction,  and  render  this  species  one  of 
the  most  interesting  in  the  genus. 

LOMARIA  DISCOLOR,  Willd.,  var.  BIPINNATIFIDA,  HorL 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1878,  p.  68 ;  Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1877,  vol.  viii.  p.  488. 

This  truly  fine  fern,  one  of  the  best  for  decorative  purposes,  was 
introduced  from  Melbourne  through  Peter  C.  M.  Veitch. 

It  is  a  sub-arborescent  species  with  numerous  gracefully  arching  fronds, 
18  to  24  in.  in  length,  from  a  short  robust  stem ;  the  pinnae  so  closely  set 
that  they  overlap,  are  cut  to  the  rib,  the  sub-divisions  being  slightly 
crisped. 

LOMARIA  GBRMAINII,  Hook. 

Syns.  L.  crenulata,  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advfc.) ;  Hooker's  Sp.  Fil.  iii.  152. 
A  hardy  evergreen  fern  introduced  by  Richard  Pearce  from  Chili.     The 
plant  forms  a  close  tuft   about  6  in.  high ;  the  sterile  fronds  narrow, 
lanceolate,  almost  pinnate,  with  small  oblong  acute  crenulate  divisions, 
and  the  fertile  fronds  taller  on  reddish  stalks,  linear  and  crenulate. 

LOMARIA  GIBBA,  Lab.,  var.  BELLI,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  35. 

A  crested  form  of  the  typical  Lomaria  gibba,  with  tasselled  fronds,  of 
distinct  and  elegant  appearance. 

323 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

LOMAEIA   GIBBA,  Lab.,  var.  CRISPA,  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1868,  p.  682;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  35. 
A  form  of  dwarfish  habit,  so  densely  leafy  and  wavy  that  the  edges  of 
the  pinnas  have  a  crisped  appearance. 

LOMABIA   LECHLEEI,  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1866,  p.  634. 

An  evergreen  hardy  greenhouse  fern  obtained  from  Chili  through 
Richard  Pearce. 

The  fronds,  spread  into  a  head  of  18  to  20  in.  in  diameter,  reach 
from  1  ft.  to  18  in.  in  height.  The  aspect  of  the  plant  is  as  a  very  rigid 
form  of  Lomaria  lanceolata,  but  the  texture  of  the  fronds  as  well  as  the 
size  and  form  of  the  fertile  ones  show  the  distinction  clearly. 

LYGODIUM  POLYSTACHYUM,  Wall. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  671. 

An  ornamental  species  discovered  in  Moulmein  by  Thomas  Lobb  at  an 
elevation  of  1,000  ft.,  in  general  appearance  and  habit  resembling  several 
species  of  Gleichenia. 

MARATTIA  BURKEI,  Baker. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  315  (Report  of  Show);  Baker  in  Gard.  Chron.  1897, 
vol.  xxii.  p.  427,  fig.  129,  p.  435. 

Discovered  by  David  Burke,  probably  in  Columbia,  but  as  no  locality 
was  given,  the  native  country  cannot  be  known  with  certainty. 
It  is  closely  allied  to  Marattia  alata. 

NEPHRODIUM    HOPEANUM,  Baker. 

Syns.  Lastrea  Hopeana,  T.  Moore. 
Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  744. 

Imported  from  the  South  Sea  Islands,  and  named  by  Mr.  Baker  from 
specimens  previously  collected  in  Fiji  by  Lieut.  Hope. 

The  slender  stipes  and  bipinnatifid  fronds  cut  into  narrow  falcate 
segments  make  this  plant  light  and  graceful,  and  particularly  suited  for 
decorative  purposes. 

NEPHRODIUM   MAXIMOWICZII,  Baker. 

Syns.  Lastrea  Maximowiczii,  Moore. 
Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  626;  Baker,  Syns.  Fil.  499. 

Introduced  from  Japan,  a  hardy  evergreen  fern  of  dwarf  habit,  dense 
glossy  green  fronds,  striate  along  the  pinnae  on  the  upper  surface. 

324 


FERNS 

NEPHBODIUM   OPACUM,  Hort. 

Syns.  Lastrea  opaca,  Hook. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PL  1862,  p.  12 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.). 

A  hardy  species  introduced  from  Yokohama  through  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  with  tufts  of  opaque,  dark  green  fronds,  more  or  less  olive- 
green  when  young,  bipinnately  divided. 

NEPHEODIUM  EICHAEDSII,  Baker,  var.  MULTIFIDUM,  Hort. 

Syns.  Lastrea  Eichardsii,  var.  multifida,  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xv.  p.  104;  Veitchs'  Oatlg.  of  PI.  1881,  p.  15,  fig.  p.  9  ; 
Fl.  des  Serres,  1880,  tt.  2401,  2402. 

A  beautiful  crested  fern  sent  by  Charles  Moore,  Esq.,  late  of  the 
Botanic  Gardens,  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

It  differs  from  the  type  in  having  the  frond,  tips  and  pinnae  cut  into 
numerous  narrow  finger-like  segments ;  distinct  and  ornamental. 

NEPHEOLEPIS   DAVALLOIDES,  Kunze,  var.  FUECANS,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  p.  22,  1876,  fig.  p.  46,  1877  ;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1877,  p.  18,  fig. 

A  crested  form  of  the  beautiful  Java  fern,  Nephrolepis  davalloides,  sent 
by  Messrs.  J.  Baptist  &  Sons,  of  Sydney,  N.S.W. 

The  plant  is  of  robust  growth,  produces  numerous  arching  fronds 
from  3  to  4  ft.  long,  bifurcate  at  the  apex,  as  well  as  at  the  apex  of  each 
pinna. 

NEPHEOLEPIS   DUFFII,  T.  Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  622,  fig.  113,  p.  623;    Fl.  and  Pom.  1878, 

p.  171,  fig. 

Introduced  from  Australia,  and  named  by  Dr.  Moore  in  honour  of 
Mr.  Duff,  an  employe  in  the  Sydney  Botanic  Gardens,  who  discovered 
the  species  on  Duke  of  York's  Island. 

The  numerous  fronds  arch  gracefully,  and  are  further  forked  at  the 
extremity  of  the  tips. 

NEPHEOLEPIS   PLUMA,  T.Moore. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  588,  fig.  108,  p.  589. 

The  tubers,  peculiar  to  the  species,  were  discovered  in  the  sterile 
fronds  of  a  Platycerium  imported  from  Madagascar. 

A  deciduous  species,  the  fronds  entirely  die  in  the  winter  months,  and 
new  ones  arise  in  spring  from  the  tubers  in  small  fascicles. 

The  plume-like  fronds  from  4  to  5  ft.  in  length,  4  in.  broad,  are 
pendulous. 

325  T 


HORTUS    VEITCHI1 

NEPHEOLEPIS   EUFESCENS,  Presl,  var.  TEIPINNATIFIDA, 

Baker. 

Syns.  N.  exaltata,  Schott. 

Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  i.  p.  476,  tigs.  90,  91,  pp.  477,  481  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1887, 

p.  10,  fig.  p.  3. 

A  native  of  the  Fiji  Islands,  and  one  of  the  most  beautiful  of  all  forms 
of  the  widely  distributed  type  species. 

A  stove  fern  with  tufted  sub-erect  fronds,  2  to  3  ft.  high,  and  pinnae 
cut  in  segments  of  endless  variety  of  length  and  form. 

NOTHOCHL/ENA  MOLLIS,   Kunze. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 

This  fine  hardy  greenhouse  fern,  indigenous  to  the  South  of  Chili,  is  of 
tufted  habit,  with  long  narrow  lanceolate  fronds,  bipinnate  with  crowded 
deeply  lobed  pinnules. 

OSMUNDA  JAVANICA,   Blume. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  761  (Report  of  Show)  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  74 ; 

Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  122. 

A  handsome  evergreen  fern  from  Java,  with  erect  fronds  1  to  2  ft.  high, 
with  crimson  stipes  and  lance-shaped  pinnae  4  to  6  in.  long,  of  leathery 
texture,  and  of  a  grass-green  colouring. 

OSMUNDA  EEGALIS,   L.,   var.  COEYMBIFEEA,   Hort. 

Syns.  0.  japonica,  Thunb.,  var.  corymbifera,  Mast. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  466;  Veitchs'  Catlg.   of  PI.   1883,  p.    16,    tig.    p.  8; 
Fl.  and  Pom.  1882,  p.  122 ;  id.  1883,  p.  104,  fig. 

A  very  distinct  dwarf -growing  variety  of  the  Eoyal  Fern,  with  the 
tips  of  the  fronds  and  pinnae  peculiarly  crested. 

The  fronds  crowded,  and  the  stipes,  about  4  in.  in  height,  erect,  of  a 
distinct  rosy  pink. 

It  was  introduced  from  Japan  through  Charles  Maries,  has  proved 
exceedingly  ornamental  for  pot  culture,  and  interesting  as  one  of  those 
forms  with  multifid  fronds  which  are  reproduced  in  the  same  character 
when  raised  from  spores. 

PELL^IA   BELLA,   Baker. 

Syns.  Platyloma  bellum,  Moore. 
Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  213;  Fl.  and  Pom.  1873,  p.  157,  fig. 

A  pretty  greenhouse  fern  from  California,  allied  to  Pellea  brachyptera, 
with  smaller  pinnae  and  of  more  slender  growth. 

326 


FERNS 

PELL^A   BEACHYPTEEA,   Baker. 

Syns.  Platyloma  brachypterum,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  141 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1873,  p.  157,  fig. 

A  dwarf -growing  cool  greenhouse  fern  with  fronds  4  to  6  in.  in  length, 
introduced  from  California,  remarkable  for  the  decided  blue-green  colour 
of  the  fronds. 

PELLJEA   GLAUCA,   J.  Sm. 

Syns.  Cheilanthes  glauca,  var.  hirsuta,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 

A  beautiful  coldhouse  fern  of  dwarf  habit,  from  the  Andes  of  Peru, 
with  tripinnate  or  even  quadripinnate  fronds,  stiff  on  rigid  foot-stalks  of 
a  deep  brown  colour. 

PLATYCEEIUM  ALCICOENE,   Desv.,   var.   HILLII,  Moore. 

Syns.  P.  Hillii,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  429,  figs.  74, 75 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  16,  fig.  p.  9. 

This  Elk's  Horn  Fern  remarkable  for  the  decided  green  colour  of  the 
fronds,  the  foliage  of  Platyceriums  usually  of  a  greyish  hue  from  the 
abundant  white  stellate  scales  spread  over  their  surface. 

P.  Hillii  is  a  native  of  Queensland,  Australia,  named  in  compliment  to 
Mr.  Walter  Hill,  late  Superintendent  of  the  Botanic  Garden  at  Brisbane, 
through  whom  it  was  introduced. 

PLATYCEEIUM   ALCICOENE,  Desv.,  var.  MAJUS. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1873,  p.  13,  fig.  p.  9. 

A  fine  form  of  the  Stag's  Horn  Fern,  from  Australia. 
The  sterile  fronds  attain  a  large  size,  and  the  growth  is  more  free  than 
that  of  the  type. 

PLATYCEEIUM   ALCICOENE,  Desv.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.  p.  652  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 

A  form  introduced  from  Australia,  distinct  in  having  unusually  stout 
erect  fertile  fronds,  of  leathery  substance,  narrower  than  those  of  other 
species  in  cultivation,  and  of  a  dark  green  colour. 

POLYPODIUM  ALBO-SQUAMATUM,  Blume. 

Syns.  Pleopeltis  albido-squamata,  Presl. 
Hooker's  Garden  Ferns,  t.  47 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  1180. 

Introduced  from  Borneo,  but  previously  only  known  as  a  native  of  Java. 

327 


The  fronds  from  1  to  3  ft.  in  length,  droop  gracefully  and  the  pinnae 
covered  on  the  upper  surface  along  the  margin  with  small  white  scales 
suggested  the  specific  name. 

POLYPODIUM   FOSSUM,  Baker. 

Syns.  Pleopeltis  fossa,  Moore. 
Moore  in  Gard.  Chroii.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  586;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  73. 

A  native  of  the  Malayan  Archipelago,  sent  to  Chelsea  from  the  Botanic 
Garden  at  Leyden. 

The  gracefully  arching  fronds  spring  from  a  creeping  rhizome,  and,  with 
the  comparatively  dwarf  habit  of  the  plant  render  the  species  desirable 
for  clothing  rockeries  or  for  ferneries. 

POLYPODIUM   KEAMEEI,   Franch.  &  Sav. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  136;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  74. 

A  pretty  little  hardy  fern  in  the  way  of  Polypodium  phegopteris, 
introduced  from  Japan.  A  dwarf-growing  species  with  slender  stipes 
3  to  4  in.  long,  suitable  for  rockwork,  and  an  interesting  companion 
to  the  native  P.  Phegopteris  and  the  North  American  P.  hexagonopterum. 

POLYPODIUM   NEEIIFOLIUM,   Schk.,   var.   CEISTATUM,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1897,  p.  7,  with  fig. 

A  distinct  form  of  the  South  American  Polypodium  neriifolium, 
obtained  by  sowing  the  spores  of  that  species  with  spores  of  a  crested 
form  of  the  common  P.  vulgare. 

The  fronds  are  from  3  to  4  ft.  long,  the  pinnae  markedly  crested  or 
tasselled. 

POLYPODIUM   SCHNEIDEBIANUM,   Hort.  Veitch. 

Veitchs' Catlg.  of  PI.  1896,  p.  8,  with  fig.;  Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  665;   The 
Garden,  1894,  vol.  xlv.  p.  472. 

Eaised  by  our  employe,  George  Schneider,  from  Polypodium  aureum 
and  P.  vulgare  elegantissimum  from  spores  of  these  two  species  sown 
together. 

The  plants  show  a  decided  blending  of  the  characters  of  both  the 
parents,  and  there  is  little  doubt  as  to  a  hybrid  origin.  The  fronds 
attain  a  length  of  2  to  3  ft.,  are  about  18  in.  wide,  with  closely  set, 
narrowly  oblong  pinnae,  and  gently  undulated  margins. 

PTEEIS   LONGIFOLIA,  £.,   var.    MABIESII,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  9,  with  fig. 

A  variety  of  the  old  Indian  fern,  Pteris  longifolia,  sent   by  Charles 

328 


FERNS 

Maries,  at  the  time  Superintendent  to  the  Maharajah  Scindia  of  Gwalior 
at  the  State  Gardens. 

It  differs  from  the  type  in  having  shorter  fronds  and  more  narrow 
pinnae. 

PTEEIS   LUDENS,    Wall 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  761,  fig.  101,  p.  783;  Veitchs'  Ca%.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  85,  fig. 
A  remarkable  and  at  the  same  time  beautiful  stove  fern,  native  of 
Malaysia  and  the  Philippines,  with  fronds  of  two  quite  distinct  forms. 
The  barren  ones  vary  in  shape  from  triangular  to  hastate,  more  or  less 
lobed;  the  fertile  are  of  variable  shape,  on  long  stipes,  more  or  less 
pinnatifid. 

PTEEIS   PALMATA,  Willd. 

Syns.  Litobrochia  nobilis,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  932 ;  Hooker's  Garden  Ferns,  t.  22. 

Introduced  to  this  country  from  Eio  de  Janeiro  by  Mr.  J.  Wicks,  and 
placed  by  him  in  our  hands  for  distribution. 

In  the  younger  stages  the  fronds  are  marked  with  a  greyish  band,  lost 
as  they  reach  maturity ;  about  15  in.  in  length,  the  breadth  across  the 
centre  is  of  the  same  proportion. 

The  fern  is  of  large  size  for  the  group  of  net- veined  Pterids  to  which  it 
belongs,  and  to  which  the  specific  name  nobilis  in  the  older  designation 
is  due. 

PTEEIS  QUADEIAUEITA,   Eetz.,  var.  AEGYE^EA,  Moore. 

Syns.  P.  argyreea,  Moore. 
Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  671 ;  Fl.  Mag.  1861,  pi.  4 ;  Lowe's  New  and  Bare  Ferns,  pi.  x. 

This,  the  first  well-marked  variegated  fern  introduced  to  cultivation,  is 
still  noteworthy  for  its  distinct  and  novel  character,  due  to  the  presence 
of  a  well-defined  conspicuous  stripe  of  silvery  grey  along  the  centre  of 
each  pinnae. 

From  Central  India  through  Thomas  Lobb. 

PTEEIS   SEEEULATA,  L.  /.,  var.   CEISTATA. 

Moore  in  Proc.  R.H.S.  vol.  iii.  p.  289;  Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  1180. 
A  form  introduced  from  Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch, 
with  the  general  habit  of  the  typical  species,  but  with  fronds  more  or 
less  bipinnately  divided,  giving  a  crested  appearance. 

SCOLOPENDEIUM  VULGAEE,  Sm.,  var.    SCALAEIFOEME,   Hart. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1895,  p.  11,  with  fig. 

A  pleasing  form  of  the  favourite  old  Harts'  Tongue  Fern,  with  curious 
crisped  and  corrugated  margins  of  the  fronds. 

329 


HORTUS   VE1TCHII 

SELAGINELLA   ATROVIBIDIS,    Spring. 
Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  603  (advt.). 

This  fine  species  of  dwarf  habit  introduced  from  Borneo  through 
Thomas  Lobb  has  very  dark  green  leaves. 

SELAGINELLA   CANALICULATA,   Baker. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1884,  p.  16. 

A  robust  caulescent  species  from  the  East  Indies,  with  erect  stems, 
about  the  thickness  of  an  ordinary  writing  pencil,  clothed  with  numerous 
leafy  scales.  The  apical  portion  bright  green,  towards  the  base  pale 
crimson. 

SELAGINELLA   CAULESCENS,  Spring. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 
Introduced  from  Central  India. 

The  fronds  bright  green,  somewhat  rigid,  of  from  8  to  12  in.  in  height, 
and  of  neat,  compact  habit. 

SELAGINELLA   GEANDIS,   Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.   1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  40,  figs.  7,8;  Fl.  and  Pom.    1882,  p.  123;  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1883,  p.  18,  fig.  p.  11. 

This  bold,  handsome  species,  one  of  the  most  beautiful  in  cultivation,  is 
remarkable  for  a  deep  grass-green  colour  and  great  width  of  frond. 

The  stems  erect,  produce  numerous  branches  which  arch  gracefully 
to  one  side  at  the  apex,  and  are,  when  fringed  with  the  tail-like 
fructifications,  very  elegant. 

It  was  introduced  from  Borneo  through  Charles  Curtis,  and  exhibited 
for  the  first  time  before  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society  under  the 
provisional  name  of  Selaginella  platyphylla. 

SELAGINELLA   GRIFFITHII,   Spring. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  499  (advt.). 

Introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb,  this  dwarf,  elegant 
species  has  pale  green  fronds  with  a  beautiful  metallic  lustre.  The  stems 
grow  8  or  10  in.  high,  branch  pinnately,  and  droop  gracefully  at  their 
extremities. 

SELAGINELLA  LOBBII,   Moore. 

Syns.  8.  cognata,  Hort. 
Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  603  (advt.). 

Interesting  for  the  fern-like  branches  and  rich  lustrous  metallic  hue, 
and  introduced  from  Borneo  through  Thomas  Lobb. 

330 


FERNS 

SELAGINELLA  POULTEEL  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1868,  p.  17,  fig.  p.  7. 

A  miniature  form  of  Selaginella  denticulata  which  it  somewhat  re- 
sembles, but  the  habit  of  growth  is  more  dense. 

TODEA  FEASEEI,   H.  &  G.,  var.  WILKESIANA. 

Syns.  T.  Wilkesiana,  Brack. 

Gard.  Chron.  1870,  p.  795,  with  fig.  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1871,  p.  13,  fig. 
This  beautiful  miniature  tree  fern  was  first  discovered  by  the  United 
States'   Exploring   Expedition   in   Ovolau,   one   of  the  Fiji  Islands,  and 
subsequently  imported  by  the  Veitchian  people. 

It  has  a  slender  stem  18  to  20  in.  high,  surmounted  by  ten  to  twelve 
spreading  fronds  of  a  broadly-lanceolate  outline,  2  ft.  or  upwards  in 
length,  of  thin  texture  and  pellucid  character,  distinguishable  in  this  from 
others  of  the  Leptopteris  group  to  which  it  belongs. 

TODEA  MOOEEI,  Baker. 
Syns.  T.  grandipinmila,  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  752 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1887,  p.  13. 
This  handsome  fern  originated  in  the  Chelsea  fernhouse  under  circum- 
stances which  suggested  that  it  might  be  a  hybrid  between  Todea  Fraseri 
and  T.  hymenophylloides,  the  form,  however,  subsequently  proved  to  be 
identical  with  a  species  found  on  Lord  Howe's  Island. 

The  obvious  and  characteristic  peculiarity  of  the  plant  is  the  leafy 
aspect  of  the  fronds,  the  pinnae  of  which  much  overlap  at  the  edges  on 
account  of  the  free  growth,  and  from  their  unequal  development  give  an 
irregular  outline. 

TODEA   SUPEEBA,   Col. 

Syns.  Leptopteris  superba,  Presl. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  697;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1870,  p.  35. 
This  beautiful  fern  from   New    Zealand  requires   a  cool  greenhouse 
temperature  and  a  moist  shady  position  for  successful  cultivation. 

The  fronds  cut  into  minute  crowded  segments,  have  an  upward  manner 
of  growth  and  a  rich  moss-like  appearance;  from  18  to  24  in.  in  length, 
they  curve  gracefully  from  the  centre,  and  the  dark  green  of  the  older 
are  a  perfect  contrast  to  the  brighter  verdure  of  the  younger. 

TEICHOMANES  PLUMA,  Hook. 

Lowe's  New  and  Bare  Ferns,  pi.  Ixiii. — A. 

An  exceedingly  beautiful  and  rare  species,  found  near  Sarawak  in 
Borneo  by  Thomas  Lobb. 

331 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  rhizome,  creeping  and  covered  with  bright  brown  scales,  has 
fronds  4  to  6  in.  long,  most  delicately  cut  in  segments,  which,  when 
covered  with  the  dew-like  moisture  essential  to  the  growth  of  Filmy 
Ferns,  amply  justify  the  specific  name — "  plume-like  "  or  "  feathery." 

WOODSIA  POLYSTICHOIDES,  Eat.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Hook. 

Hooker's  Garden  Ferns,  pi.  32;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.). 

Found  in  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch.  The  narrow,  almost 
linear  fronds,  6  or  8  in.  or  more  in  height,  are  pinnately  divided,  the 
pinnae  about  1  in.  in  length,  linear-oblong,  and  distinctly  auricled  with  a 
row  of  sori  near  each  margin,  the  surface  above  and  beneath  covered  with 
short  close  hair. 

WOODWAEDIA  OBIENTALIS,   Swartz. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  399  (advt.) ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1862,  p.  14. 

Eaised  from  spores  sent  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 
The  fronds  have  on  the  upper  surface,  more  or  less  profusely,  bulbi- 
form  plants  opposite  the  sori,  sometimes  sufficiently  numerous  to  cover 
the  whole  of  the  frond. 


332 


CONIFEROUS  TREES 


CONIFEROUS    TREES 


ABIES  BEACTEATA,  Nutt. 

Gard.  Chron.  1853,  p.  435 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4740 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix.  t.  109 ;  Gard. 
Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  242,  fig.  44,  p.  241;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  493,  figs.  127, 
128,  and  a  full-page  illus. 

Introduced  through  William  Lobb  from  the  Santa  Lucia  mountains, 
South  California,  in  1853,  first  seen  by  the  Scot,  David  Douglas, 
travelling  in  South  California  for  the  Horticultural  Society  of  London, 
1830-1832,  and  shortly  afterwards  by  Dr.  Thomas  Coulter,  but  no  ripe 
seed  obtained. 

Theodore  Hartweg,  at  that  time  in  the  service  of  the  Horticultural 
Society  of  London,  again  made  the  attempt  in  1846,  but  with  no  better 
success,  and  it  was  not  till  1852  that  William  Lobb  sent  seed  to  Exeter, 
and  from  plants  raised  in  this  country  of  this  consignment  originated  all 
the  older  specimens  of  Abies  bracteata  in  Europe. 

In  describing  the  species  in  the  Botanical  Magazine,  Sir  Joseph 
Hooker  remarks,  "  Perhaps  the  introduction  of  no  Conifer,  not  even  that 
of  the  Deodar,  has  excited  a  more  lively  interest  in  horticulture  and 
arboriculture  than  that  of  the  present  species  with  its  porcupine  fruits." 

ABIES  CONCOLOE,  Lindl  &  Gard. 

Syns.  Picea  con  color,  A.  Murr. 

Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  viii.  p.  748,  figs.  147,  148;  Man.  Con.   1900,  ed.  2,  p    502 

fig.  129. 

Abies  concolor  was  introduced  from  the  Sierra  Nevada  of  California 
through  William  Lobb  in  1851,  and  at  the  same  time  seed  was  received 
by  the  Scottish  Oregon  Association  from  Southern  Oregon. 

The  plants  raised  from  Lobb's  consignment  were  distributed  under  the 
name  of  A.  lasiocarpa,  and  those  sent  to  the  Scottish  Oregon  Association 
as  A.  grandis. 

ABIES   FIEMA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.   1861,   p.  265;  ul.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  198;  Man.   Con.   1900,  ed   2   p   506 

figs.  130-132. 

Abies  firma  was  introduced  in  1861  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  and 
again  in  1878  by  Charles  Maries. 

Isolated  specimens  may  be  seen  in  favoured  localities  in  this  country, 

335 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

but  in  general,  though    on  the    plains  of  Japan  one  of   the   finest  and 
largest  of  the  Japanese  Abies,  this  fir  proved  disappointing. 

ABIES    GEANDIS,  Lindl. 

Syns.  Picea  grwndis,  Loudon. 
Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  512,  fig. 

The  tallest  tree  of  the  genus  from  the  valleys  of  Western  Oregon 
never  reaching  a  greater  elevation  than  4,000  ft. ;  found  also  in  Van- 
couver Island  and  British  Columbia,  this  Conifer  spreads  southwards  to 
Mendocino  in  North  California. 

Abies  grandis  was  discovered  by  David  Douglas  during  an  excursion  to 
the  Columbia  Eiver  in  1830,  and  he  sent  seed  to  the  Horticultural  Society 
of  London,  but  few  germinated. 

No  further  consignment  of  the  species  was  received  for  a  quarter  of  a 
century  till  William  Lobb  in  1851  sent  a  small  quantity  to  Exeter  ;  about 
the  same  time  John  Jeffrey  was  able  to  despatch  a  limited  supply  to  the 
Scottish  Oregon  Association. 

ABIES    MAGNIPICA,  A.  Murr. 

Syns.  A.  nobilis,  Lindl.,  var.  robusta,  Carr. 

Gard.  Chron.  1885,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  652,  figs. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  517. 

From  seed  of  this  species  by  John  Jeffrey  in  1851  the  Scottish  Oregon 
Association  distributed  specimens  to  the  members  as  the  Abies  amabilis 
of  Douglas. 

In  the  following  year  William  Lobb  also  sent  seed  as  A.  amabilis,  but 
on  germination  the  plants  were  found  to  differ  from  the  species  in  cultiva- 
tion under  that  name ;  these  were  distributed  as  A.  nobilis  robusta,  the 
name  adopted  by  Carriere  in  the  second  edition  of  his  Traite  General  des 
Coniferes. 

ABIES    MARIESII,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  788,  figs.  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  520. 

Discovered  by  Charles  Maries  on  Mount  Hakkoda  near  Aomori,  the 
northern  seaport  of  the  main  island  of  Japan,  in  1878.  The  following 
year  seed  sent  to  Coombe  Wood  gave  poor  results. 

On  Hakkoda  it  is  common  at  4,000-5,000  ft.  mixed  with  deciduous  trees  ; 
in  Nikko  the  fir  ascends  higher,  but  occurs  sparingly. 

Abies  Mariesii  is  an  alpine  tree  with  a  comparatively  restricted  habitat, 
occupying  a  geographical  position  between  that  of  A.  Veitchii  and 
A.  sachalinensis,  the  nearest  affinity  A.  homolepis. 

336 


CONIFEROUS   TREES 

ABIES    MICEOSPEEMA,  Lindl. 
Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  I860,  p.  22  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  425. 

The  specific  name  microsperma  was  given  by  Lindley  to  a  Spruce  Fir 
brought  from  Hakodate  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  a  weakly  plant 
unsuitable  for  the  climate  of  the  British  Isles. 

ABIES   SACHALINENSIS,  Mast. 

Syns.  A.  Veitchii,  Lindl.,  var.  sachalinensis,  Schmidt. 
Gard.  Chron.    1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  588,  fig.  97;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  538,  fig.  138. 

Originally  discovered  by  Freidrich  Schmidt,  a  German  botanical 
traveller,  in  the  island  of  Saghalien,  in  1866,  and  described  by  him  as  a 
variety  of  Abies  Veitchii. 

Nothing  further  was  heard  till  1878,  when,  re-discovered  by  Maries  in 
Yeso,  it  was  introduced  the  following  year :  the  species  has  proved  too 
tender  to  be  a  success. 

ABIES   VEITCHII,  Lindl 

Syns.  A.  Eichleri,  Lauche ;   Picea  Veitchii,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chroii.  1861,    p.    23 ;  id.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.   275,  fig. ;  Man.    Con.    1900,  ed.  2, 

p.  541,  fig. 

Discovered  in  1860  on  Fuji-yama,  the  "sacred"  mountain  of  the 
Japanese,  named  by  Dr.  Lindley  in  honour  of  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  and  in  1879  introduced  by  Charles  Maries,  when  young  plants 
were  widely  distributed. 

Mayr  observed  cones  in  great  abundance  every  third  year,  and  in 
intermediate  years,  but  few — the  tree  apparently  unable  to  support  the 
continual  exhaustion  of  a  heavy  annual  crop. 

The  same  observer  distinguishes  two  forms ;  the  type,  in  which  the 
apical  end  of  the  cone-bract  is  exserted  and  bent  downwards,  and  the 
Nikko  form,  a  local  variety  with  smaller  cones,  the  cone-bracts  of  which 
do  not  protrude  beyond  the  scale. 

AEAUCAEIA  IMBEICATA,  Pawn. 

Syns.  Dumbeya  chilensis,  Lamarck. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1890,  vol.  vii.  p.  587,  figs. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  pp.  296-302, 

figs. 

Araucaria  imbricata  was  discovered  in  1780  by  Don  Francisco  Dendari- 
arena,  a  Spaniard,  and  later  by  two  others,  Doctors  Euiz  and  Pavon,  who 
had  been  sent  to  Peru  to  investigate  the  forests  on  behalf  of  the  Spanish 
Government.  These  explorers  sent  the  first  dried  specimen  to  Europe, 
to  a  Frenchman,  Dombey,  after  whom  it  was  named.  In  1795  Captain 
Vancouver  reached  the  coast  of  Chili,  and  with  him  the  botanist  Archibald 
Menzies. 

337 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

Menzies  procured  cones  seed  and  young  plants  which  he  succeeded 
in  bringing  alive  to  Europe.  He  gave  them  to  Sir  Joseph  Banks,  and  some 
found  their  way  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew ;  one  lived  in  an  unhealthy 
condition  till  the  autumn  of  1892,  when  it  incontinently  died. 

Eor  many  years  after  Menzies'  introduction  of  A.  imbricata  the  Conifer 
remained  scarce  till  William  Lobb  sent  a  large  supply  of  seed  in  1844,  and 
the  tree  became  generally  planted;  to  this  consignment  many  of  the 
oldest  specimens  in  this  country  are  traceable. 

AEAUGAEIA  KQLEI,  F.  Milller. 

Syns.  A.  Niepratschki,  Hort.  Lemoine. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  868,  figs.  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  304. 
Originally  discovered   by  William   Duncan,    a   plant   collector   in   the 
employ  of  Mr.  John  Eule  of  Melbourne,  Victoria,  about  the  year  1860, 
the  tree,  a  native  of  New  Caledonia,  was  found  on  the  lofty  summit  of  an 
extinct  volcano,  and  introduced  to  British  Gardens  in  1863. 

A  Certificate  of  Merit  was  awarded  by  the  Eoyal  Botanic  Society  in 
June  1879,  as  Araucaria  Niepratschki,  on  being  exhibited  by  Messrs. 
Veitch. 

CEPHALOTAXUS   OLIVEEI,  Mast. 

Syns.  0.  Oriffithii,  Oliver. 

Masters  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  645  ;  id.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii. 

p.  227,  fig.  93. 

A  new  species  from  China  from  seed  collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh, 
noticeable  for  the  regularly  two-ranked  manner  in  which  the  leaves  are 
disposed,  in  close  approximation,  as  the  teeth  of  a  comb. 

Yet  too  early  to  predict  the  position  this  tree  will  occupy  in  British 
Arboreta,  but  as  a  handsome,  desirable  addition  to  Coniferous  subjects 
it  should  ever  hold  a  high  position. 

CEYPTOMEEIA  JAPONICA,  Don,  var.  ELEGANS,  Mast. 

Syns.  C.  elegans,  Carriere. 

Masters  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xviii.  p.  498 ;  Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,   p.  73 ;  Man. 
Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  264,  figs.  80,  81. 

Introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  a  most  fortunate  and 
distinct  addition  to  Pineta. 

In  the  southern  and  western  counties  of  England  this  Conifer  produces 
such  masses  of  foliage  that  the  weight  causes  the  apex  to  incline. 

CEYPTOMEEIA  JAPONICA,  D.  Don,  var.  LOBBII,  Carriere. 

Syns.  0.  Lobbii,  Hort. 
Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  264,  fig. 

This   form   introduced   through   Thomas    Lobb,    from    the   Buitenzorg 

338 


CONIFEROUS   TREES 

Botanic  Gardens,  Java,    had  been  sent  twenty  years  earlier  by  Siebold 
from  Japan. 

Of  more  compact  habit  than  the  type,  the  branches  shorter  and  more 
ramified,  the  leaves  longer,  of  a  darker  green. 

CUPEESSUS   OBTUSA,  C.  Koch. 

Syria.  Retinospora  obtusa,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  265 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  220,  fig.  64. 
Sent  from  Japan  by  the  late    John  Gould  Veitch,  probably   the  first 
timber-producer  of  that  country  :  a  favourite  subject  for  the  mutilation  and 
dwarfing  in  which  the  Japanese  delight,  and  in  which  they  so  greatly  excel. 
The  species  and  several  varietal  forms  are  in  general  cultivation. 

CUPEESSUS   OBTUSA,  C.  Koch,  var.  FILICOIDES,  Kent. 
Syns.  Retinispora  nobleana,  Hort.;  R.  filicoides,  Gordon. 

Mail.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  221,  fig.  65 ;  Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  p.  364 ;  Gard.  Chron. 

1876,  vol.  v.  p.  235,  fig. 

A  variety  received  with  the  type  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  with  fern-like  foliage  and  corrugated  coruscated  branchlets. 

CUPEESSUS   OBTUSA,  C.  Koch,  var.  LYCOPODIOIDES. 

Syns.  Retinospora  lycopodioides,  Gord. 
Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  p.  364 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  222. 

Introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  with  the  type  species,  in 
1861,  the  foliage  that  of  a  Lycopode. 

CUPEESSUS  PISIFEEA,  C.  Koch. 

Syns.  Retinispora  pisifera,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 
Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  265 ;  id.  1876,  vol.  v.  p.  235,  fig. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  224,  figs. 

Cupressus  pisifera  and  all  varieties  of  Japanese  origin  in  cultivation  are 
due  to  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

Many  as  C.  aurea,  C.  filifera,  C.  plumosa,  and  C.  squarrosa  are  among 
the  most  frequently  met  with,  and  the  most  decorative  of  Conifer. 
Though  mostly  found  with  C.  obtusa,  they  are  in  old  age  scarcely 
distinguishable,  but  long  recognized  as  distinct  species  by  the  Japanese, 
who  designate  each  by  a  different  vernacular  name ;  C.  obtusa  is  Hi-no-ki 
and  C.  pisifera,  Sa-wa-ra. 

CUPEESSUS   PISIFEEA,  C.  Koch,  var.  SQUAEEOSA,  Mast. 

Syns.  Retinispora  squarrosa,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Masters  in  Jour.  R.H.S.  vol.  xiv.  297;    Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  p.  371;   Man.  Con. 

1900,  ed.  2,  p.  225,  fig.  69. 

So  very  a  distinct  variety  of  Cupressus  pisifera  Siebold  and  Maxi- 
mowicz  held  it  a  distinct  species,  the  real  origin  unknown.  Beissener 

339 


pointed  out  that  it  was  a  juvenile  form  of  C.  pisifera  from  cuttings  with 
primordial  leaves  only.  Introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in 
1861. 

FITZEOYA  PATAGONICA,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4616  ;  Paxt.   Fl.  Gdn.  vol.  ii.  p.    147,   pi.   387 ;  Man.   Con.  1900,  ed.    2, 
p.  198 ;  Lindl.  in  Jour.  Hort.  Soc.  London,  1851,  vol.  vi.  p.  264. 

From  Valdivia  in  1849  by  William  Lobb  to  the  Veitchian  firm,  this 
species,  in  cultivation  since  introduction,  has  proved  hardy,  though  not 
altogether  a  satisfactory  subject  for  British  Pineta,  as  the  same  climatic 
conditions  essential  for  Saxe-gothaea  conspicua  and  Libocedrus  tetragona 
lack  in  the  British  Isles. 

Eichard  Pearce  affirmed  this  Conifer  to  be  the  Fitzroya  which  supplies 
the  valuable  alerze  timber  of  the  Chilians,  and  not  Libocedrus  tetragona 
as  stated  by  most  travellers. 

Among  the  largest  specimens  in  the  British  Isles  are  those  at 
Killerton,  Exeter ;  at  Upcott,  near  Barnstaple ;  at  Penjerrick,  Cornwall ; 
at  Fota  Island,  Cork,  and  one  at  Kilmacurragh,  Co.  Wicklow. 

JUNIPEEUS   CALIFOENICA,  Carr. 

Syns.  J.  occidentalis,  Hook.,  J.  pyriforinis,  Lindl. 

Card.  Chron.  1855,  p.  420;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  167;  Sargent's  Silva  of  North 

America,  vol.  x.  t.  517. 

Introduced  in  1853,  at  the  same  time  as  Sequoia  gigantea,  by  William 
Lobb,  discovered  on  the  mountains  of  San  Barnardino  in  California,  where 
it  forms  a  low  tree  10  to  12  ft.  high,  and  distributed  under  Dr.  Lindley's 
name,  Juniperus  pyriformis,  on  account  of  the  pear-shaped  fruit.  The 
climate  of  this  country  is  unsuited  to  the  tree,  and  few  are  in 
cultivation. 

JUNIPEEUS   CHINENSIS,  Linn. 
vars.  ALBO-VAEIEGATA,  Hort.,  and  AUEEA,  Hort. 

Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  169. 

The  varieties  albo-variegata  and  aurea  were  first  sent  to  this  country 
by  Eobert  Fortune,  and  subsequently  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 
The  type  reached  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  through  a  young  gardener, 
William  Kerr,  at  that  time  in  the  employ  of  the  Government  in  China. 

JUNIPEEUS  EIGIDA,   Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Card.  Chron.  1861,  p.  23  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.'  188. 

Juniperus  rigida,  introduced  to  gardens  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch 
in  1861,  was  found  growing  luxuriantly  at  a  great  elevation  on  the 
Hakone  ridges,  attaining  a  height  of  from  15  to  20  ft. :  as  a  decorative 
object  this  Juniper  has  proved  superior  to  many  others. 

340 


KETELEERIA   DAVIDIANA,   Franch. 

Syns.  P&eudotsuga  Davidiana,  C.  E.  Berfcr. ;  dbies  Davidiana,  Franch. 
Gard.  Cliron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  85,  figs.  37,  38;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  486. 
A  Chinese  species  of  unusual  interest  discovered  by  the  French  mis- 
sionary Pere  David,  after  whom  it  was  named.     Seed  sent  by  Wilson  in 
1901  has  germinated  freely. 

KETELEERIA  FORTUNEI,  Carr. 

Syns.  Abietia  Foriunei,  Kent. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  440;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  485. 
This  remarkable  Conifer  originally  discovered  by  Fortune  in  1844,  near 
a  temple  at  Foo-chow-foo — only  a  single  tree,  was  rediscovered  in  1873 
in  the  same  locality  by  Dr.  Hance,  and  five  years  later  by  Charles  Maries, 
who  found  it  in  quantity  on  the  coast  range  of  Fo-Kien  (Fu-chau) 
associated  with  Pinus  massoniana. 

LARIX  LEPTOLEPIS,   Endl. 

Syns.  Abies  leptolepis,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  23,  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  88,  fig.  13 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  398, 

fig.  102. 

This  larch,  first  found  wild  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  during  an 
ascent  of  Fuji-yama  in  1860,  was  introduced  the  following  year.  Suitable 
for  the  climatic  conditions  which  prevail  in  Scotland,  and  frequently 
planted  in  that  country  in  preference  to  Larix  europea. 

LIBOCEDRUS  MACROLEPIS,   Benth.   &  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxx.  p.  467;  The  Garden,  1902,  vol.  Ixii.  p.  183  ;  Man.  Con.  1900, 

ed.  2,  p.  255. 

Raised  from  seed  collected  at  Szemao  by  Wilson,  in  1900. 

In  a  young  state  a  singularly  handsome  species,  mature  trees  are  still 
more  beautiful  objects.  In  Southern  Yunnan  commonly  planted  in  the 
courtyards  of  temple  grounds,  in  a  wild  state  this  Conifer  chooses  ravines 
usually  associated  with  a  water- course. 

Logs  frequently  found  in  the  forest  strata  in  a  semi-fossilized  condition 
are  in  this  state  valued  by  the  Chinese  as  coffins  for  the  higher  classes. 

It  will  only  be  hardy  in  these  islands  in  the  warm  corners  of  South- 
West  Ireland  and  Cornwall. 

LIBOCEDRUS  TETRAGONA,   End. 

Syns.  Thuia  tetragona,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  563  (Notice  of  New  Plants) ;  id.  1861,  p.  505  ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  1850, 
p.  46,  with  fig. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  256,  fig.  74. 

Introduced  through  William  Lobb  from  Chili  in  1849,  but  rare  in  this 

341  z 


HORTUS   VEITCH1I 

country,    owing    to    absence    of    that  excessive   atmospheric    humidity 
prevalent  in  the  districts  the  plant  inhabits. 

In  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle  (I.e.  supra)  it  is  erroneously  described 
as  the  Alerze  timber  of  the  Chilians,  a  timber  almost  indestructible  by 
weather. 

PICEA   AJANENSIS,   Fischer. 

Syns.  Abies  ajanentis,  Kent;  A.  micros  per  ma,  Lindl.  ;  A.  AlcocTciana,  Hort.  (in  part.) 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  115  ;  id.  vol.  xiv.  p.  427,  figs. ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  6743  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  425. 

Picea  ajanensis  introduced  in  1861  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from 
Japan,  was  distributed  under  the  name  of  Abies  Alcockiana  from  the 
unfortunate  circumstance  that  the  seed  of  both  species  came  home  mixed. 

One  of  the  handsomest  species,  in  May  loaded  with  cones  of  the 
brightest  crimson. 

PICEA  ALCOCKIANA,   Carr. 

Syns.  Abies  Alcockiana,  Veitch;   VeitcTiia  japonica,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  212,  fig.  43  (Picea)  ;  id.  1861,  p.  23  (Abies)  ;  id.  1861, 
p.  265  (Veitchia) ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  429. 

Named  in  honour  of  Sir  Eutherford  Alcock,  one  time  British  Minister 
at  Tokio,  to  whom  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  the  discoverer,  was 
indebted  on  his  travels  in  Japan. 

On  Mount  Fuji-yama,  at  an  altitude  of  6000-7000  ft.,  seed  was  saved 
and  sent  home  in  1860. 

Bare  in  British  Pineta,  and  at  one  time  frequently  confused  with 
Picea  ajanensis,  the  seed  of  the  two  species  having  been  sent  in  one 
consignment. 

The  genus  Veitchia,  of  Lindley,  was  founded  on  imperfect  specimens  of 
two  mutilated  cones  and  a  few  seeds  of  this  fir,  sent  by  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  and  in  publishing  a  description  of  this  supposed  new  genus 
Lindley  says: — "We  cannot  do  otherwise  than  associate  with  this 
extraordinary  genus  the  name  of  John  Gould  Veitch,  its  active  and 
intelligent  discoverer,  the  introducer  of  so  many  fine  trees  previously 
unknown  in  this  country." 

PICEA  POLITA,  Carr. 

Syns.  Abies  polita,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Masters  in  Jour.   Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xviii.  p.  507;  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiii.  p.  233, 
fig.  44 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  446,  fig. 

A  native  of  Japan,  found  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  1861.  Bare 
in  its  native  isles  and  only  as  isolated  specimens  of  a  miserable  aspect,  it 
is  yet  widely  scattered  over  the  mountainous  districts  from  the  extreme 
south  to  the  38th  parallel  of  the  north  latitude. 

342 


PICEA     POLITA 

PEXCARROW,     CORNWALL 


CONIFEROUS   TREES 

It  thrives  poorly  in  the  too  dry  atmosphere  of  England  ;  better  in  New 
Zealand,  where  it  has  been  introduced,  and  it  is  cultivated  by  the  Japanese 
for  the  decoration  of  gardens  and  temple  enclosures. 

The  specific  name  polita,  "  polished  or  adorned,"  was  selected  in 
reference  to  the  lustrous  smoothness  of  the  leaf  and  leaf-bud. 

PINUS   AEMANDI,  Franch. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  66,  figs.  30,  31. 

Eaised  at  Coombe  Wood  from  seed  collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh, 
Central  China,  by  Wilson  in  1900,  this  five-leaved  pine  of  the  Cembra 
section  has  a  smooth  bark,  slender  leaves,  and  oblong  cones. 

It  had  already  been  met  with  in  China  by  the  Peres  David,  Farges,  and 
Delavay. 

PINUS  COULTEEI,  Don. 

Syns.  P.  macrocarpa,  Lindl. 
Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  325 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Beg.  1840,  vol.  xxxi.  misc.  61. 

Though  discovered  by  Dr.  Thomas  Coulter  in  1832  on  the  west  side  of 
the  Saint  Lucia  at  3,000-4,000  ft.  elevation,  it  was  not  till  David  Douglas 
sent  seed  and  specimens  from  the  same  locality  to  the  Horticultural 
Society  of  London,  under  the  name  of  Pinus  Sabiniana,  that  this  pine  was 
known,  and  from  this  seed  was  raised  the  oldest  specimens  growing  in 
Great  Britain. 

A  further  quantity  subsequently  collected  was  sent  by  William  Lobb  in 
1851-1852. 

The  species  is  remarkable  for  the  large  size  of  the  cones,  sparingly 
produced. 

PINUS  DENSIFLOEA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  265  ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  327. 

Pinus  densiflora,  introduced  to  British  gardens  in  1861  by  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch,  had  previously  been  grown  in  the  horticultural  establish- 
ment founded  by  Dr.  Siebold  at  Leyden,  but  the  pine  was  not  in  general 
cultivation. 

PINUS   KOEAIENSIS,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  1114 ;  Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  p.  306 ;  Man.   Con.  1900,  ed.  2, 

p.  334,  fig.  94  (cone). 

Introduced  from  Japan  in  1861  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  but  not 
endemic  to  the  islands — its  home  the  neighbouring  peninsula  of  Corea. 

In  1892  James  H.  Veitch  met  with  several  medium-sized  specimens 
when  crossing  that  peninsula,  and  in  1899  seed  was  gathered  in  Yuen- 
chiang,  in  South  China,  by  Wilson. 

343 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

PINUS  PAEVIFLOEA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.   Cliron.   1861,  p.  265;  id.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  624,  fig.  103;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2, 

p.  353. 

Introduced  to  British  Gardens  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in 
1861. 

Cultivated  everywhere  in  pots  throughout  Japan,  dwarfed  and  distorted 
in  every  way,  trained  to  every  conceivable  monstrosity,  this  pine  when 
in  the  forest  groves  is  a  light  and  graceful  object.  The  small  size,  well 
furnished  trunk  and  light  foliage  are  adaptable  to  small  lawns. 


PINUS  PENTAPHYLLA,  Mayr. 

Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  356. 

A  species  closely  allied  to  Pinus  parviflora,  endemic  to  Japan. 

Cones  brought  home  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  were  supplemented 
by  a  few  seeds  from  Charles  Maries  in  1879,  from  which  plants  raised  at 
Coombe  were  subsequently  distributed  as  P.  parviflora,  but  their  destination 
is  unknown. 

PINUS  THUNBEEGII,  Parlatore. 

Syns.  P.  massoniana,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 
Man.  Con.  1000,  ed.  2,  p.  384,  fig. 

Pinus  Thunbergii,  sent  to  Europe  by  Siebold  in  1855,  and  to  Great 
Britain  with  P.  densiflora  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  was  unfortunately 
distributed  as  P.  massoniana. 

The  curiously  trained  trees  seen  by  Siebold,  Maries,  and  others,  probably 
belong  to  this  species.  One  of  the  most  remarkable  may  be  seen  in  front 
of  the  Naniwaja  tea-house,  another  in  the  village  of  Karasaki,  and  a 
third  and  most  curious  of  all  in  the  garden  attached  to  the  monastery  at 
Kinkakuja,  trained  in  the  form  of  a  Chinese  junk. 

A  figure  of  this  extraordinary  tree,  which  has  taken  over  three  centuries 
of  patient  labour  to  produce,  is  given  in  the  Manual  of  Coniferae  (I.e. 
supra)  and  as  a  photogravure  plate  in  Traveller's  Notes. 

PODOCAEPUS   MACEOPHYLLUS,  D.  Don,  vars.  AEGENTEO   and 
AUEEO-VAEIEGATUS,  Kent. 

Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  151 ;  Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  p.  331. 

The  type  species  first  became  known  to  science  in  the  early  part  of  the 
eighteenth  century,  through  Kaempfer,  and  the  two  variegated  forms  above 
named  are  due  to  Fortune :  re-introduced  by  James  H.  Veitch  in 
1892. 

344 


CONIFEROUS    TREES 

PODOCAKPUS  NUBIGENA,  Lindl 

Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  1851,  p.  162,  fig.  128 ;  Jour.  Hort.  Soc.  London,  1851,  vol.  vi.  p.  264 ; 
Jour.  R.H.S.  xiv.  p.  234;  Gard.  Chron.  1891,  vol.  x.  p.  171,  fig.  23;  id.  1902, 
vol.  xxxi.  p.  113,  fig. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  153. 

Discovered  in  Southern  Chili  by  William  Lobb  in  1846,  and  introduced 
the  following  year  to  Exeter. 

A  disappointing  subject  under  cultivation,  the  climatic  conditions  of  this 
country  evidently  unsuited  to  its  requirements. 

PRUMNOPITYS  ELEGANS,  Philippi. 

Syns.  Podocarpus  andina,  Poepp. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  6;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  155;  Masters  in  Jour.  R.H.S. 
vol.  xiv.  p.  244;  Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  113,  fig. 

Introduced  in  1860  through  Eichard  Pearce,  this  Conifer  has  proved 
hardy  over  the  greater  part  of  Great  Britain  wherever  planted,  and  in 
Ireland. 

Specimens  are  growing  at  Eastnor  Castle  ;  Tortworth  Castle  ;  Menabilly, 
Cornwall ;  Kilmacurragh,  Co.  Wicklow ;  in  Fota  Island,  and  Lakelands, 
Co.  Cork. 

SAXEGOTEJEA   CONSPICUA,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1887,  vol.  ii.  p.  684 ;  figs.  130,  131 ;  id.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  782,  fig.  ;  Paxt. 
PI.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  p.  Ill,  figs.  ;  Jour.  Hort.  Soc.  London,  1851,  vol.  vi.  p.  258 ; 
Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  158. 

Discovered  by  William  Lobb  in  1846  in  Southern  Chili,  this  Conifer 
attracted  great  interest  on  introduction,  but  hopes  entertained  of  a 
distinct  addition  to  British  Arboreta  were  not  realized,  and  the  Saxegothsea 
is  now  rarely  seen. 

SCIADOPITYS  VEBTICILLATA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  22 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1861,  torn.  iv.  p.  241 ;  Nicholson  in  Woods 
and  Forests,  1884,  vol.  i.  p.  132,  figs.  ;  The  Garden,  1890,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  499,  fig. ; 
Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  287,  figs.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  8050. 

Thomas  Lobb  sent  the  first  living  specimen  of  this  remarkable  tree  in 
1853,  having  met  with  it  in  the  Botanic  Gardens  at  Buitenzorg,  Java ;  it 
arrived  at  Exeter  in  feeble  health,  and  shortly  died.  In  1861  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch  brought  home  seed,  and  to  this  source  most  of  the 
older  specimens  growing  in  this  country  may  be  traced.  It  was  seen  by 
James  H.  Veitch  in  the  Province  of  Mino  on  the  Nakasendo  below 
Nakatsu-gawa,  growing  by  the  roadside,  but  that  the  trees  were  growing 
naturally  is  improbable.  Except  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Nakatsu-gawa, 
the  Sciadopitys  is  not  regarded  as  a  garden  plant  in  Japan,  and  is  not 
often  seen  in  old  gardens,  but  usually  in  the  neighbourhood  of  temples. 

Wherever  rhododendrons  thrive,  this  fine  Conifer  may  be  planted,  as 

345 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

the  conditions  for  successful  cultivation  of  the  former  are  suited  to  the 
requirements  of  the  latter,  and  good  specimens,  once  the  tree  becomes 
established,  are  soon  formed. 

SEQUOIA  GIGANTEA,  Torr. 

Syne.  S.  Wellingtonia,  Seem. ;  Wellingtonia  gigantea,  Lindl. ;  Washingtonia 
californica,  Winsl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1853,  p.  823;  Gard.  Chron.  1853,  p.  819;  id.  1854,  p.  118  (Note 
on  wood  and  cone)  ;  id.  1855,  p.  70  (a  Lecture  on  Wellingtonia  gigantea);  PI.  des 
Serres,  torn.  ix.  p.  93 ;  id.  p.  121  ;  Man.  Con.  ed.  2,  p.  275,  figs.  84,  85. 

This,  the  Wellingtonia,  or  Mammoth  Tree,  giant  in  the  forest  primeval, 
the  largest  of  all  coniferous  subjects,  unsurpassed  by  any  of  any  other 
Natural  Order,  with  the  possible  exception  of  the  Eucalypti  of  Western 
Australia,  was  probably  first  discovered  by  John  Bidwill  in  1841,  but 
nothing  definitely  known  till  in  1852  it  was  again  met  with  by  the  hunter 
Dowd. 

First  introduced  to  Europe  through  William  Lobb,  who  sent  seed  and 
a  living  specimen  to  Exeter  in  1853. 

A  full  account  of  the  introduction  of  this  tree  to  this,  country  is  given 
in  Veitchs'  Manual  of  Coniferae  (I.e.  supra). 

THUIA  DOLABEATA,  Linn. 

Syns.  Thujopsis  dolabrata,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.   Chron.  1861,  p.  23   (Thujopsis);  id.  1882,  vol.   xviii.   p.  556,  figs.;  Man.  Con. 

1900,  ed.  2,  p.  236. 

Thuia  dolabrata,  first  known  to  Europeans  through  the  Swedish 
botanist  Thunberg,  who  gathered  specimens,  communicated  to  Linnaeus, 
in  Japan  in  1776.  These  specimens  became  the  property  of  the  Linnsean 
Society  of  London,  and  descriptions  were  published  by  David  Don  in 
Lambert's  Genus  Pinus  in  1828. 

The  first  living  plant  to  reach  England  was  sent  by  Thomas  Lobb  in 
1853  from  the  Botanic  Garden  at  Buitenzorg  in  Java ;  arriving  in  an 
exhausted  condition,  all  attempts  to  save  it  proved  fruitless.  Shortly 
afterwards  a  plant  received  by  Captain  Fortescue,  planted  in  Devonshire, 
had  better  fortune,  but  it  was  not  till  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  1861 
sent  seed  to  Chelsea,  and  Fortune  some  to  Ascot,  that  T.  dolabrata  became 
generally  distributed,  and  could  take  that  high  rank  as  an  ornamental 
tree  it  has  won  in  this  country.  In  the  Japanese  hill  districts  bordering 
the  shores  of  Lake  Yumoto,  it  is  the  forest  carpet. 

THUIA  DOLABEATA,  Linn.,  var.  L^TEVIEENS,  Mast. 

Syns.  Thujopsis  Isetivirens,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard  Chron.  1862,  p.  428 ;  Gordon's  Pinetum,  ed.  2,  399  (as  T.   dolabrata 
nana);  Masters  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xviii.  486;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  237. 

Sent  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,   a  dwarf-spreading 

346 


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THUYOPSIS     DOLOBRATA 

KILLERTON,      DEVON 


CONIFEROUS   TREES 

shrub  with  more  slender  branches,  more  divided  than  the  type,  and  smaller 
leaves  of  a  brighter  green. 

THUIA  GIGANTEA,  Nutt. 

Syns.  T.  Loblii,  Hort. 

Nicholson  in  Woods  and  Forests,  1884,  p.  190,  with  fig. ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  239, 

fig.  72,  and  full-page  illus. 

Thuia  gigantea  was  known  prior  to  1807,  in  which  year  James  Don 
mentions  it  in  Hortus  Cambridgiensis  under  T.  plicata.  It  again 
appeared  under  the  same  name  in  Lambert's  Genus  Pinus,  published  in 
1828,  and  in  1834  as  T.  gigantea  in  Michaux'  work  on  North  American 
Trees,  in  a  description  by  Thomas  Nuttall.  David  Douglas,  when 
travelling  for  the  Horticultural  Society  of  London,  1825-1827,  named 
it  T.  Menziesii,  after  his  countryman,  and  later,  the  tree  received  the 
name  of  T.  excelsa  from  Borgord,  who  described  it  from  specimens 
collected  by  Mertens  on  the  island  of  Sitka. 

From  the  first  consignment  of  seed  received  at  Exeter  in  1853,  plants 
were  distributed  under  the  name  of  T.  Lobbii,  Hort. 

TOKEEYA  CALIFOENICA,  Torr. 

Syns.  T.  Myristica,  Hook. 

Gard.   Chron.   1854,  p.  519 ;  id.  1884,  vol.  xxii.  p.  681,  fig.   116 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4780 ; 
PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix.  p.  175 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  117. 

A  native  of  the  elevated  regions  in  the  Sierra  Nevada,  California,  by 
William  Lobb  rediscovered,  and  seed  and  specimens  sent  in  1851. 

The  credit  of  the  first  information  is  to  David  Douglas,  who  met  with 
specimens  while  travelling  for  the  Horticultural  Society  of  London,  but 
he  failed  at  introduction.  One  of  the  best  may  be  seen  at  Tortworth 
Court,  Gloucestershire. 

TSUGA   DIVEESIFOLIA,  Maxim. 

Syns.  Abies  Tsuga,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 
Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  23 ;  Man.  Con.  1900,  ed.  2,  p.  467. 

Eaised  from  cones  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  1861, 
unfortunately  mixed  with  those  of  Tsuga  Sieboldii,  and  both  species 
were  cultivated  under  the  names  of  Abies  Tsuga  and  A.  T.  nana.  The 
introducer,  unknown  to  himself,  was  the  discoverer. 


347 


TREES    AND    SHRUBS 

DECIDUOUS    AND    CLIMBING 

PLANTS 


TREES    AND    SHRUBS-DECIDUOUS    AND 
CLIMBING    PLANTS 

ABUTILON  VITIFOLIUM,  DC. 

Syns.  Sida  vitifolia,  Cav. 

Lindl.  Bot.  Keg.  vol.  xxx.  t.  57;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4227  and  t.  7328;  The  Garden,  1883, 
vol.  xxiii.  p.  224,  pi.  369;  id.  1897,  vol.  li.  p.  334,  pi.  1117;  Gard.  Chron.  1889, 
vol.  vi.  p.  156,  fig.  21. 

A  handsome  deciduous  shrub  or  small  tree  from  seed  collected  in  Chili 
by  William  Lobb  in  1844,  first  flowered  under  glass  in  1845,  and  said 
to  have  been  brought  to  Europe  by  Captain  Cottingham,  in  1836,  and 
cultivated  in  his  garden  in  Dublin,  where  it  proved  to  be  quite  hardy. 

In  England  it  needs  the  protection  of  a  greenhouse  or  wall  except  in 
favoured  localities.  In  colour  the  flowers  are  variable,  sometimes  white 
and  occasionally  blue,  a  peculiarity  that  has  caused  some  confusion  in 
the  nomenclature.  Both  forms  are  figured  in  the  Botanical  Magazine 
(I.e.  supra),  on  separate  plates,  and  also  in  The  Garden,  1897  (Lc.  supra). 

ACEE  AEGUTUM,  Maxim. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  725,  fig.  132;  Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs, 

1903,  vol.  i.  p.  131,  pi.  Ixvi. 

A  very  fine  maple  introduced  through  Charles  Maries  from  Japan,  with 
leaves  acutely  five-pointed,  and  the  wings  of  the  samara  widely  apart. 

It  is  hardy  in  this  country  and  in  the  United  States  of  America.  The 
light  green  graceful  foliage  in  summer  and  the  purple  branches  in  winter 
render  it  an  attractive  addition  to  hardy  ornamental  trees. 

ACEE   CAEPINIFOLIUM,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  565,  fig.  105. 

A  very  distinct  maple,  in  the  leaf-form  and  veining  closely  resembling 
the  Hornbeam  (Carpinus),  from  which  is  derived  the  specific  name. 

A  rare  tree  in  Japan,  whence  it  was  introduced  through  Charles  Maries, 
probably  the  only  really  respectable  specimen  is  at  Coombe  Wood, 

351 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

ACEB   CBAT^GIFOLIUM,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  75  ;  Flora  Japonica,  t.  147. 

A  slender  tree  with  unequally  lobed  bright  green  leaves  about  3  in. 
long,  not  unlike  those  of  the  Hawthorn,  introduced  from  Japan  through 
Charles  Maries. 

ACEB   CBAT^EGIFOLIUM,  Sieb.  $  Zucc.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Nichols. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  75. 

A  vigorous  form  of  the  type  with  leaves  finely  marked  white  and  rose 
on  a  dark  green  ground,  from  Japan  in  the  same  consignment. 

ACEB   DAVIDII,  Franch. 

Jour.  B.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  348,  figs.  86,  90;  Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs,  pt.  iv. 

pi.  Ixxxiii. 

Introduced  to  Coombe  Wood  through  Maries  from  North  China 
and  distributed  as  Acer  sp.  for  many  years.  From  seed  sown  in 
January  1902,  collected  in  Central  China  by  Wilson,  this  species  was 
again  raised,  and  found  to  be  identical  with  Maries'  unnamed  species. 
Herbarium  specimens  having  also  been  sent  by  the  last-named  collector, 
made  it  possible  to  identify  the  species  as  A.  Davidii  of  Franchet. 

A  variable  plant,  the  leaves  sometimes  attain  a  length  of  8  in.  with  a 
breadth  of  5  in.,  on  the  first  appearance  of  a  reddish-bronze  tint,  they 
become  when  mature  rich  shining  green  with  yellowish-green  veins. 

ACEB   DIABOLICUM,  K.  Koch. 

Syns.  A.  pulchrum,  Hort. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  532,  fig.  100 ;  Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs, 
1903,  vol.  i.  p.  133,  pi.  Ixvii. 

A  noble  maple  somewhat  resembling  Acer  platanoides,  from  Japan 
through  Charles  Maries.  This  large-leaved  species  grows  rapidly  in  this 
country,  apparently  quite  at  home,  and  attracts  attention  by  the  very 
large  and  bold  foliage. 

The  specific  name  is  said  to  have  been  suggested  by  the  two  horn-like 
processes  between  the  wings  of  the  "  keys." 

ACEB   DISTYLUM,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  499,  fig. 

A  distinct  maple  with  simple  leaves  which  attain  a  large  size  in  this 
country,  introduced  from  Japan  through  Charles  Maries ;  it  succeeds 
admirably,  and  is  superior  to  many  species  and  varieties  in  ordinary 
cultivation. 

352 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

The  "keys"  in  erect  racemes  form  a  feature  during  the  early  summer 
months  when  the  light  green  colour  is  relieved  by  the  dark  green  of 
the  foliage. 

ACER   FRANCHETI,  Pax. 

Jour.  R.H.S.   1904,  vol.  xxix.   p.    353,  fig.   88;    Sargent's   Trees  and  Shrubs,  pt.  iv. 

pi.  Ixxxvii. 

A  species  allied  to  the  Himalayan  Acer  villosum,  from  which  it  may 
be  distinguished  by  trilobed  leaves,  the  small  teeth  on  the  margin  and 
the  simple  inflorescence.  A  common  tree  in  Hupeh,  Central  China, 
raised  from  seed  collected  in  that  locality  by  Wilson. 

ACER    GRISEUM,  Pax. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  100;  Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  354. 

A  handsome  species,  the  Chinese  representative  of  a  maple  found 
in  Japan,  Acer  nikoense. 

Attaining  in  Central  China  a  height  of  from  15  to  40  ft.,  the  young 
foliage  is  beautifully  coloured  in  the  early  spring,  and  the  bark  peels  as 
in  the  common  Silver  Birch. 

Discovered  by  Dr.  Henry,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson, 
who  sent  seed  in  1901. 

ACER   HENRYI,  Pax. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1896;   Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  100;   Sargent's  Trees  and 

Shrubs,  pt.  iv.  p.  181. 

A  Chinese  species  of  the  Negundo  section  of  Acer,  specimens  of  which 
were  first  collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh  by  Dr.  Henry. 

The  species  is  remarkable  for  the  great  length  of  the  samara  in  a  young 
state  of  a  bright  red  colour.  The  petioles  of  the  long  leaves  have  three 
ovate  acuminate  leaflets. 

Young  plants  at  Coornbe  were  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central 
China  in  1903. 

I 

ACER   L^TUM,  C.  A.  Mey.,  var.  CULTRATUM,  Pax. 
Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  354,  fig.  101. 

This  form  with  five-lobed  leaves  of  a  lively  shining  green  colour,  borne 
on  a  rather  dwarf-growing  plant,  was  raised  at  Coombe  Wood  in  1902 
from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  by  Wilson. 

ACER  L^TUM,  C.  A.  Mey.,  var.  TRICAUDATUM,  Behd. 
Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  figs.  100,  102. 

A  new  form  discovered  in  Central  China  named  by  Mr.  A.  Rehder 
of  the  Arnold  Arboretum,  Mass.,  U.S.A. 

353 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  leaves  are  three  to  five  lobed,  the  lower  pair  often  obsolete ;  the 
apices  acutely  pointed,  and  the  petiole,  bright  rose -pink,  contrasts  strongly 
with  the  dark  green  of  the  blade. 

It  was  raised  at  Coombe  Wood  from  seed  sown  in  February  1902. 

ACEE  L^VIGATUM,  Wall,  var.  FAEGESII,  Behd. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  353,  fig.  91. 

A  form  of  the  Indian  Acer  laevigatum  of  dwarfer  habit  and  with  smaller 
leaves,  discovered  on  mountains  south  of  the  Yangtsze  in  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  Central  China,  and  raised  at  Coombe  in  1902. 

The  leaves  leathery  in  texture,  entire  or  slightly  notched,  are  when 
first  produced  of  a  bright  red  and  very  ornamental  colour. 

Native  of  mountainous  regions,  this  variety  will  probably  prove  to 
possess  a  hardier  constitution  than  the  Indian  type,  which  will  not 
withstand  English  winters. 

ACEE   NIKOENSE,  Maxim. 

Syns.  Negundo  nikoense,  Nichols. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.   1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  815;    Garden  and  Forest,   1893,  p.   155, 

fig.  26. 

This  remarkable  species,  named  after  the  district  in  Japan  where  it  was 
first  discovered,  has  a  wide  distribution,  and  is  in  all  probability  of  Chinese 
origin,  as  it  has  lately  been  met  with  in  the  mountainous  region  of 
Central  China,  undoubtedly  wild.  The  trifoliate  leaves,  densely  hairy  on 
the  under  surface,  are  in  autumn  a  rich  vinous  red. 

The  samara  are  large  with  spreading  wings,  and  the  cells  like  the  other 
parts  of  the  plant  thickly  covered  with  hair. 

It  is  quite  hardy  at  Coombe  Wood,  where  a  specimen,  one  of  the  first 
raised,  is  now  over  20  ft.  high  and  25  ft.  through. 

ACEE    PALMATUM,  Thunb. 

Syns.  A.  polymorphum,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 
Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  80,  figs. 

Acer  palmatum,  known  in  gardens  as  A.  polymorphum,  was  re- 
introduced  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  from  Japan  (though  it  had 
formerly  been  introduced  through  Dr.  Siebold)  as  well  as  many  and 
various  forms.  The  varieties  known  as  atropurpureum  dissectum,palmati- 
iidum,  roseo-marginatum,  and  sanguineum  were  distributed  in  1877. 

ACEE   PICTUM,  Thunb.,  var.  CONNIVENS,  Nichols. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xvi.  p.  375. 

A  form  of  Acer  pictum,  from  Japan,  lobes  of  the  leaves  out  to  the  base 

354 


TREES    AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

of  the  blade,  and  the  nerves  on  the  under  surface  pubescent,  bearded  in 
the  axils  ;  the  wings  of  the  fruit  erect  with  converging  tips. 

ACER   PICTUM,  Thunb.,  var.  MONO,  Pax. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1905,  vol.  xxix.  pts.  i.,  ii.,  and  iii. 

A  form  of  the  type  introduced  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central 
China,  through  Wilson. 

The  leaves  three  to  five  lobed,  with  attenuated  apices  ;  the  upper  surface 
shining  green  and  the  under  covered  with  a  soft  velvety  pubescence. 

From  seed  sown  in  February  1901. 

ACEE  EUFINEEVE,   Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  42  ;  Flora  Japonica,  vol.  ii.  t.  158. 

Introduced  from  the  mountains  of  the  Central  Island  of  Japan  through 
Charles  Maries. 

A  large  tree  with  leaves  variable  in  size  and  outline,  resembling  in 
habit  the  common  Sycamore.  The  specific  name  refers  to  the  reddish 
hairs  which  clothe  the  veins  on  the  under  surface  of  the  leaf,  and  to  the 
red  colour  of  the  peduncles  and  petioles. 

ACEE   SINENSE,   Pax.,  var.   CONCOLOE,  Pax. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  348,  fig.  92. 

A  new  form  of  the  type  with  leaves  of  a  large  size  coloured  green  on 
both  surfaces,  detected  by  Wilson  in  South  Wushan  on  the  sides  of 
streams,  raised  at  Coombe  from  seed  sown  in  April  1901. 

The  leaves  are  somewhat  as  those  of  Acer  pictum,  five-lobed  with 
acuminate  apices,  reddish  in  colour  when  first  produced,  when  mature 
bright  green. 

ACEE   SUTCHUENENSE,  Franch. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  353,  figs.  93,  96. 

Discovered  by  Dr.  Augustine  Henry  in  the  Province  of  Szechuan,  close 
to  the  border  of  Hupeh,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson. 

It  is  closely  allied  to  Acer  Henryi,  a  trifoliate  species,  but  differs  in  the 
inflorescence. 

ACEE  TETEAMEEUM,  Pax.,  var.   LOBULATUM,  Behd. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxix.  p.  353,  fig.  94. 

A  graceful  variety  with  leaves  resembling  those  of  a  Birch,  coarsely 
serrated  along  the  margin ;  discovered  in  Central  China,  and  raised  at 
Coombe  from  seed  sown  in  April  1901. 

355 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

ACTINIDIA  CHINENSIS,   Planch. 

Maries  in  The  Garden,  1882,  vol.  xxi.  p.  101 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  248 ; 
id.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  211;  Jour.  E.H.S.  vol.  xxviii.  pt.  i. ;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties, 
1904,  p.  3,  figs. 

A  handsome  hardy  climber  introduced  from  Central  China  of  the 
very  first  order. 

It  was  known  for  some  time  prior  to  introduction,  having  been  found 
by  Fortune  when  travelling  on  behalf  of  the  Eoyal  Horticultural  Society, 
and  from  his  specimens  Planchon's  description  is  written  in  Hooker's 
London  Journal  of  Botany,  1847,  vol.  vi.  p.  303.  Maries  also  detected  it 
in  the  North  Island  of  Japan,  but  failed  to  introduce  it. 

A  rapid  grower,  valuable  for  very  handsome  foliage,  covered  with 
bright  red  hairs  in  a  young  state.  The  flowers,  not  yet  seen  in  cultiva- 
tion, are  bright  yellow,  very  handsome,  and  followed  by  edible  fruits 
about  the  size  of  walnuts  with  a  flavour  resembling  ripe  gooseberries. 

ACTINIDIA   KOLOMIKTA,   Euprecht. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  262 ;  Eev.  Hort.  1872,  p.  395,  fig.  43. 

An  interesting  semi-scandent  shrub,  by  Maries,  who  met  with  it  in 
Yesso,  Japan,  in  the  year  1878,  though  it  had  previously  been  discovered 
on  several  occasions,  and  had  appeared  in  France  a  few  years  earlier. 

Now  seldom  met  with  in  gardens,  it  deserves  a  place  for  the  brilliant 
crimson  and  white  autumn  tints. 

^ISCULUS   CALIFOENICA,  Nutt. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5077  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  187,  fig.  of  fruit ;  Fl.  des  Serres, 
1858,  torn.  iii.  2nd  ser.  p.  39. 

This,  one  of  the  rarest  of  the  horse-chestnuts,  a  native  of  the  western 
slopes  of  the'  mountains  of  California,  where  it  is  known  as  the  Californian 
Buck's  Eye,  was  raised  from  seed  sent  to  Exeter  by  William  Lobb,  and 
produced  fine  thyrsi  in  July  1858. 

Unfortunately,  though  hardy  in  this  country,  the  absence  of  sufficient 
sun  prevents  the  tree  freely  flowering. 

A  specimen  in  the  Bath  Botanic  Garden  produced  both  flowers  and 
fruit  in  1901,  and  from  this  material  the  figure  in  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle 
(I.e.  supra)  was  prepared. 

According  to  Professor  Sargent,  who  describes  the  species  as  one  of 
the  most  beautiful  in  the  genus,  the  flowers  are  white  tinted  with  rose, 
but  in  this  country  they  are  wholly  white. 

.3ESCULUS   TUEBINATA,   Blume. 

Rev.  Hort.   1888,  p.  496,  figs.  120-124 ;  Gordon  in  Gard.  Mag.  Sept.  21st,  1901,  p.  614  • 
Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  187,  fig. 

This  Japanese   Horse-chestnut    closely  resembles   our   own  (J^sculus 

356 


TREES    AND    SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

Hippocastanum),  but  is  readily  distinguished  by  the  greyish  under  surface 
of  the  leaves.  Though  often  confused  with  M.  chinensis,  it  is  probable 
that  that  species  is  not  in  cultivation  in  this  country. 

One  of  the  first  specimens  to  be  reared  is  growing  at  Coombe  Wood, 
where  it  has  attained  a  height  of  16  ft.,  with  a  head  12  ft.  in  diameter 
and  a  circumference  of  stem  at  3  ft.  from  the  ground  of  12  in. 

It  flowered  in  1901. 

AEISTOLOCHIA   HETEEOPHYLLA,   Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  361. 

A  quick-growing  climber  with  variable  leaves,  raised  from  seed  collected 
in  Central  China. 

The  species  was  first  detected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  from  this  material 
Mr.  Hemsley  described  it  (I.e.  supra) : — "  In  foliage  this  resembles  A. 
Kaempferi,  Willd.,  presenting  similar  variations ;  but  the  narrower  and 
somewhat  smaller  perianth  differs  in  the  very  sharply  bent  tube,  and  the 
equally  3-lobed  limb  similar  to  that  of  the  North  American  A.  Sipho,  Ait." 

BETULA   ALNOIDES,   Ham.,  var.   PYEIFOLIA,   Franch. 

The  type  species  is  found  in  Southern  and  Western  China,  and  occurs 
also  in  Northern  India  and  Upper  Burmah. 

The  variety,  as  the  name  indicates,  has  leaves  resembling  a  species  of 
Pyrus,  and  was  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  from  seed 
collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China. 

BETULA  MAXIMOWICZII,  Eegel. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1888-1889. 

The  finest  of  the  Japanese  Birches,  introduced  to  cultivation  through 
James  H.  Veitch,  who  met  with  it  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Hokkaido. 

A  tree  80  to  90  ft.  high,  in  its  native  habitat  it  is  easily  distinguished 
from  other  birches  by  a  pale  smooth  orange-coloured  bark. 

BEANDISIA  EACEMOSA,   Hemsl. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  2383. 

Introduced  through  Wilson  from  Central  China,  but  so  far  of  little 
use  in  cultivation. 

It  is  an  unusually  handsome  plant,  as  a  reference  to  the  plate  (I.e.  supra) 
will  at  once  show,  and  it  forms  a  dwarf  shrub  producing  masses  of  densely 
flowered  racemes  of  bright  scarlet  blossom. 

At  Coombe  Wood  it  flowered  imperfectly  for  the  first  time  in  1904. 

357  A  a 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

BUDDLEIA   ALBIPLOEA,  Hemsl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxii.  pp.  118,  139 ;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1904,  p.  5,  fig. 

A  species  named  by  Mr.  Hemsley  from  specimens  collected  in  Central 
China  by  Dr.  Henry,  whose  notes  state  "Flowers  white,"  and  on  this 
account  the  specific  name  albiflora  was  chosen. 

The  flowers,  however,  are  not  white,  but  pale  mauve  with  an  orange- 
yellow  throat. 

BUDDLEIA  NIVEA,   Duthie. 

Card.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  275,  fig.  102. 

A  new  species  from  Central  China  and  of  doubtful  promise. 

The  flowers  not  so  striking  as  those  of  some  of  the  species  recently 
introduced,  but  this  defect  is  compensated  for  by  the  great  beauty  of  the 
foliage,  the  whole  under  surface  of  which  is,  together  with  the  young  wood 
and  leaves,  covered  with  a  dense  white  woolly  tomentum. 

The  flowers  in  tail-like  panicles  at  the  ends  of  the  branch  are  rose- 
purple  in  colour,  individually  small,  but  in  a  mass  conspicuous. 

BUDDLEIA  VABIABILIS,  Hemsl.,  var.  MAGNIFICA,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.    1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  115  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee)  ;  id,  p.  157 
(Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee)  ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  1905,  vol.  iii.  p.  339. 

A  very  striking  form  of  the  well-known  type  introduced  from  the 
Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  through  Wilson. 

It  differs  from  the  brilliant  Veitchiana,  which  it  equals  in  size  of  flower- 
spike,  in  profusion  of  bloom,  in  a  more  constricted  thyrsus,  and  in  having 
flowers  of  a  deeper  richer  shade  of  violet -purple. 

BUDDLEIA  VARIABILIS,  Hemsl.,  var.   VEITCHIANA,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1903,  p.  4,  fig. 

A  superor  form  of  the  variable  typical  species,  introduced  from  the 
Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China. 

The  plant  is  more  robust  than  the  type,  the  flower  spike  larger,  and 
more  richly  coloured ; — the  spikes  in  some  instances  measure  over  2  ft. 
in  length,  and  form  continuous  masses  of  bloom,  not  divided  into  globose 
axillary  clusters  as  in  the  type. 

Perfectly  hardy  in  this  country,  it  has  been  extensively  planted  since 
1901. 

GffilSALPINIA  JAPONICA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1888,  vol.  iv.  p.  513,  fig.  ;  Gard.  Mag.  1888,  p.  445,  fig. ; 
The  Garden,  1891,  vol.  xl.  p.  588,  pi.  837. 

A  beautiful  shrub  from  Japan,  and  the  only  representative  of  the  genus 
known  to  be  hardy  in  Great  Britain. 

358 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

Of  spreading,  semi-scandent  habit,  it  attains  but  a  moderate  height, 
and  needs  for  support  a  wall  or  wooden  trellis.  The  stems  and  branches, 
armed  with  numerous  hard,  curved  prickles,  are  furnished  with  cut  foliage 
of  a  soft  fern-like  aspect. 

The  raceme  bears  from  twenty  to  thirty  bright  canary-yellow  flowers, 
each  1  in.  in  diameter,  with  which  the  red  filaments  and  anthers  form  a 
contrast.  Flowers  produced  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  1887  on 
specimens  which  had  stood  many  years  uninjured  by  the  frost  at  Coombe 
Wood. 

CAEPINUS   CORDATA,  Blume. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1888,  p.  37. 

This,  one  of  the  largest  of  the  Hornbeams  and  certainly  one  of  the  finest, 
forms  a  conspicuous  ingredient  in  the  forests  of  the  northern  island  of 
Japan,  where  it  was  met  with  by  James  H.  Veitch  during  his  journeyings 
in  the  Far  East.  Previously  found  by  Maries  in  the  same  district,  and 
through  him  first  introduced  to  cultivation. 

The  leaves,  large  and  striking  in  appearance,  are  6  to  7  in.  long  and  from 
3  to  4  in.  broad,  with  the  characteristic  venation  of  the  genus  ;  the  long, 
hop-like  catkins  of  fruit  attain  a  length  of  6  in  or  more,  and  are  also  very 
striking. 

CELASTEUS   HYPOGLAUCUS,  Hemsl. 

This  fine  species,  which  takes  its  specific  name  from  the  glaucous  hue  of 
the  under  surface  of  the  large  handsome  leaves,  was  first  detected  by 
Dr.  A.  Henry  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  and  subsequently 
introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality. 

The  leaves,  6  in.  long  by  2|  in.  broad,  are  of  a  deep  pea-green  on  the 
upper  surface,  glaucous  beneath ;  the  young  wood  purple,  covered  with 
waxy  bloom. 

CELASTEUS  LATIFOLIUS,  Hemsl. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  2206. 

This  fine  species  of  Celastrus,  first  made  known  to  botanists  through 
Dr.  A.  Henry,  who  collected  specimens  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central 
China,  was  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality  from  seed 
collected  in  1900. 

The  leaves  large,  6  in.  broad  by  8|  in.  long,  are  broadly  ovate,  or  nearly 
orbicular,  acuminate  with  a  cordate  base,  dark  green  on  the  upper  surface, 
paler  beneath,  strongly  veined,  and  serrated  along  the  margin. 

It  is  a  common  shrub  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Ichang,  known  as  Nan- 
shan-yeh.  The  root  and  leaves,  powdered  and  mixed  with  flour,  are 
scattered  over  growing  crops  of  cabbage,  turnip,  and  others  of  a  similar 
nature,  to  kill  obnoxious  insects. 

359 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CHAM^BATIA  FOLIOLOSA,  Benth. 

Bot.    Mag.    t.   5171 ;    Gard.    Chron.  1859,  p.   652,  Bentham  in   Plantae   Hartwegianae, 

p.  308. 

A  half-hardy  shrub  with  flowers  resembling  those  of  a  Potentilla,  and 
finely-dissected  foliage  not  unlike  that  of  some  species  of  Milfoil  (Achillea). 
The  shrub  grows  to  a  height  of  2  or  3  ft.,  and  has  an  agreeable  balsamic 
odour. 

The  branches,  when  mature,  are  covered  with  smooth  reddish-brown 
bark  ;  when  young,  densely  clothed  with  gland-tipped  hairs. 

It  was  introduced  to  Exeter  in  a  living  state  from  California  through 
William  Lobb  in  1859. 

CLEMATIS  GOUEIANA,  Roxb. 

A  species  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  who  sent  seed 
from  Hupeh  in  1901. 

The  plant,  a  hardy  climber,  has  compound  leaves  composed  of  five 
petioled  leaflets,  irregularly  serrate  along  the  margin  towards  the  apex ; 
the  petioles  and  young  wood  of  a  reddish-purple. 

The  flowers,  produced  in  September,  individually  small,  cream-white  in 
colour,  are  showy  from  a  great  profusion,  and  are  also  very  fragrant. 

CLEMATIS   MONTANA,  Wall.,  var.  GBANDIFLOKA. 

Bot.  Mag.  fc.  4061. 

Both  this  variety  and  the  type,  natives  of  Northern  India,  are  worthy  of 
a  place  in  every  garden  on  account  of  the  profusion  of  large,  white, 
delicately  fragrant  flowers  usually  produced  in  early  summer  and  in  the 
autumn  months. 

The  variety  grandiflora  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Exeter  in  1844. 

CLEMATIS  MONTANA,  Wall,  var.  EUBENS,  0.  Kuntze. 

Flora  and  Sylva,  1905,  vol.  iii.  p.  252,  col.  pi. 

A  magnificent  form  of  the  well-known  type  introduced  to  Coombe 
Wood  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  where  it  occurs  on 
scrub-clad  mountain- sides  at  elevations  of  5,000-9,000  ft. 

In  foliage  and  habit  this  form  closely  resembles  the  typical  species,  but 
the  stems  and  leaf -stalks  are  of  a  reddish-purple  hue,  as  are  the  young 
leaves. 

The  rosy- red  flowers  differ  in  a  marked  degree  from  those  of  the  type, 
are  as  large  as  those  of  the  variety  grandiflora,  and  are  also  produced  twice 
during  a  season,  in  early  May  and  in  September. 

Plants  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  Wood  in  September  1903. 

360 


CLEMATIS     MONTANA     RUBENS 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

CLEMATIS  PATENS,  Morr.  &  Decne,  var.  JOHN  GOULD  VEITCH. 

PI.  Mag.  1867,  pi.  394 ;  PI.  cles  Serres,  1869,  torn,  xviii.  p.  85 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 

1868,  fig.  p.  12. 

A  double  blue  Clematis  with  numerous  narrow  perianth  segments,  at 
the  time  of  introduction,  1865,  the  finest  of  its  kind  ;  from  Japan  by  the 
late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

COKNUS  PAUCINEEVIS,  Hance. 

A  small-growing,  free-flowering  species  somewhat  resembling  the 
American  Cornus  stricta,  inhabiting  Central  and  Western  China,  where  it 
is  met  with  as  a  fluviatile  shrub  at  1,000-3,600  ft. 

COENUS     STOLONIFEEA,  Michx. 

Gard.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iv.  p.  678,  fig.  138,  p.  679. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  by  a  correspondent  from  the  Eocky  Mountains, 
where  it  is  known  as  "  The  Eed  Osier  Dogwood." 

By  misadventure  it  received  the  name  of  Cornus  capitata,  and  specimens 
under  that  name  unfortunately  distributed. 

C.  stolonifera  is  a  hardy  deciduous  shrub,  of  rapid  growth  in  moist 
situations,  forming  large  clumps  5  to  6  ft.  high,  multiplying  freely  by 
prostrate  or  subterranean  suckers.  Ornamental  in  summer  when  it 
blossoms  freely,  in  autumn  when  laden  with  white  berries,  or  in  winter, 
when  stripped  of  its  leafy  honours,  the  bright  red  bark  of  the  annual 
shoots  are  conspicuous. 

COEYLOPSIS   HIMALAYANA,  Griff. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6779. 

This  delicate  graceful  shrub,  the  rarest  species  of  the  genus  in  cultiva- 
tion, produces  spikes  of  creamy  white  flowers  with  a  primrose-like  smell 
early  in  the  year,  preceding  *  the  foliage  by  some  three  to  four  months. 
Discovered  by  Griffith  in  Bhotan,  north  of  the  Assam  valley,  at  elevations 
of  5,000-8,000  ft.,  seed  was  sent  to  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  by  Dr.  King, 
in  1879,  and  to  the  Veitchian  firm  about  the  same  time. 

COEYLOPSIS  PAUCIFLOEA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1893,  vol.  xiii.  p.  335  (Beport  of  R.H.S.  Show)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7736. 

As  with  the  other  species  of  Corylopsis  hardy  in  gardens,  the  primrose- 
yellow  flowers  appear  in  early  spring  before  the  leaves.  It  may  be 
distinguished  from  the  better-known  C.  spicata  by  a  more  slender  habit, 
fewer  flowered  spikes,  and  smaller  leaves,  longer  in  proportion  to  their 
breadth  than  those  of  C.  spicata. 

It  was  introduced  from  Japan,  where  it  occurs  in  various  localities. 

361 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

CORYLOPSIS   SINENSIS,  Hemsl 

Hemsley  in  Gard.  Chron.  1906,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  18,  fig.  12. 

Introduced  through  Wilson  from  Central  China,  this  species  flowered 
for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  in  the  spring  of  1905. 

As  a  species  closely  allied  to  Corylopsis  spicata,  of  Japan,  the  chief 
distinctions  are  as  given  by  Mr.  Hemsley  (I.e.  supra) : — 

"  Corylopsis  sinensis  differs  from  C.  spicata,  to  which  it  is  closely  allied, 
in  the  stipules  of  the  flowering  branches  being  broader  than  long  ;  in  the 
leaves  being  broadest  above  the  middle ;  in  the  orbicular  petals  being 
suddenly  narrowed  into  a  distinct  claw ;  in  the  yellow  anthers  and  white 
seed." 

COEYLOPSIS   SPICATA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.  5458 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  xx.  t.  2135  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1865,  p.  172,  fig.  ; 
id.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  510,  fig.  ;    Nicholson  in  Woods  and  Forests,  1884,  p.  333,  fig. 

Introduced  by  Fortune  and  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch  in  the  year 
1864. 

As  the  generic  name  implies,  this  shrub  has  the  general  appearance  of 
the  common  Nut-bush  (Corylus),  its  habit  deciduous  and  its  leaves  long- 
stalked,  heart-shaped,  and  feather-veined.  The  great  value  to  the  garden 
is  with  the  flowers,  in  themselves  small,  yellow  in  colour,  but  produced 
profusely  and  in  conspicuous  racemes  before  any  leaves  appear. 

The  flowers,  the  colour  and  odour  of  the  cowslip,  are  singly  borne  in  the 
axils  of  greenish  bracts,  some  eight  to  twelve  in  a  raceme. 

COEYLUS  TIBETICA,  Bat. 

A  species  remarkable  in  having  the  young  wood  covered  with  rough 
ferruginous  hairs,  and  the  involucre  surrounding  the  nuts  spiny. 

The  leaves,  large  and  handsome,  are  broadly  ovate  in  outline,  cordate  at 
the  base,  with  biserrate  margins  ;  it  was  introduced  from  Central  China. 

CEAT^EGUS   PINNATIFIDA,  Surge,  var.  MAJOE,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Syns.  C.  tartarica,  Hort.  Veitch. 
N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  621,  fig.  121,  p.  620. 

Introduced  by  us  from  Tartary,  and  valuable  for  the  berries,  of  large 
size  and  of  a  fine  bright  red  colour. 

DAVIDIA   INVOLUCEATA,  Baillon. 

Plantac  Davidianas,  pt.  ii.  p.  60,  t.   10 ;  Veitchs'   List  of  Novelties,  1903,  p.  4,  fig. ; 
Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  236,  fig.  98. 

This    truly    remarkable   plant  was  first  made  known  to  science  from 

362 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

specimens  collected  by  Abbe  David  on  the  mountains  of  the  Mu-Pin,  west 
of  Szechuan,  Central  China,  in  1871. 

Seeds  were  later  sent  to  M.  Maurice  de  Vilmorin,  in  Paris  in  1897,  and  a 
few  plants  raised.  For  its  introduction  to  gardens  in  this  country  we  are 
indebted  to  Wilson,  who  succeeded  in  introducing  a  quantity  of  fertile 
seed  from  which  plants  were  raised  in  1903.  Davidia  involucrata  is  a 
deciduous  tree,  with  handsome  cordate  leaves,  resembling  those  of  the 
lime.  The  feature  of  the  plant  is  the  presence  of  two  large  white  bracts 
subtending  a  cluster  of  red  stamens,  freely  produced  from  dwarf  shoots. 
So  far  the  tree  has  proved  perfectly  hardy  in  the  county  of  Surrey  and  of 
most  vigorous  growth,  but  the  plants  are  yet  too  young  to  flower. 

DENDEOMBCON   EIGIDUM,  Benth. 

Bot.   Mag.  t.  5134 ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  July  31st,  1902,  p.  102,  with  fig.  ;  Fl.  des  Serres, 
torn.  iv.  2nd  ser.  1861,  p.  43 ;  The  Garden,  1896,  vol.  1.  p.  292,  pi.  1087. 

This  half-hardy  shrubby  plant  with  yellow  poppy-like  flowers,  meriting 
the  name  Dendromecon  or  Tree-Poppy,  was  first  discovered  by  David 
Douglas  in  California,  in  the  dry  rocky  ranges  from  San  Diego  to  Clear 
Lake,  and  it  is  also  found  more  abundantly  south  of  Point  Conception 
and  on  Santa  Eosa  Island.  Long  after  discovery  it  was  only  known  from 
herbarium  specimens  until  raised  from  seed  sent  home  by  William  Lobb. 
Still  rare  in  gardens,  it  needs  the  protection  of  a  wall,  except  in  favoured 
localities,  but  is  undoubtedly  a  handsome  plant,  the  length  of  time  during 
which  the  bright  yellow  flowers  are  produced  not  the  least  valuable  of 
many  qualities. 

DEUTZIA   DISCOLOE,  Hemsl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxv.  p.  371 ;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1905,  p.  2,  fig. 

Several  forms  of  this  variable  species  have  been  introduced  to  Europe, 
principally  through  Jesuit  missionaries  who  transmitted  the  seeds  collected 
by  natives  in  China. 

The  variety  piirpurascens  is  perhaps  the  best  known,  and  has  helped 
largely  in  the  production  of  hybrid  forms  raised  by  M.  Lemoine.  The 
type,  a  dwarf  shrub  producing  a  wealth  of  small  white  or  pinkish  flowers, 
was  introduced  through  Wilson,  among  numerous  forms,  from  the 
Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China. 


DEUTZIA  GLOBOSA,  Duthie. 

A  species  introduced  from  Western  Hupeh,  Central  China,  first  flowered 
at  Coombe  Wood  during  the  summer  of  1905. 

Characterized  by  dense    globose   panicles  of  creamy-white,  medium- 

363 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

sized  flowers,  the  filaments  of  the  stamens  are  petaloid  but  not  lobed  at 
the  apex. 

DEUTZIA   GEACILIS,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1851,  p.  513  (advt.) ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1850-1851,  torn.  vi.  t.  611. 

A  hardy  Japanese  shrub  grown  in  almost  every  garden  for  forcing 
purposes,  with  white  flowers  useful  in  winter  or  early  spring. 

Introduced  from  Japan  through  Thomas  Lobb,  it  was  first  exhibited  on 
May  3rd  1851,  at  the  Horticultural  Society's  Show,  Chiswick,  and  again  on 
May  14th  of  that  year  at  the  Eoyal  Botanic  Society's  Show  in  Eegent's 
Park,  on  both  occasions  a  Medal  awarded. 

DEUTZIA   MOLLIS,  Duthie. 

A  distinct  species  from  Central  China. 

The  leaves  ovate  or  elliptic  lanceolate  with  the  characteristic  stellate 
hairs  on  the  upper  surface  clothed  beneath  with  a  soft  pubescence  of  a 
velvety  appearance. 

The  white  flowers  in  a  flat  corymbose  inflorescence. 

DEUTZIA  PLANIFLOEA,  Duthie. 

A  medium-sized  shrub  with  flowers  of  the  purest  white,  raised  from  seed 
collected  in  Central  China. 

The  leaves  somewhat  membraneous,  lanceolate  acuminate,  with  serrate 
margins :  the  flowers  in  thyrsoid  panicles ;  the  obtuse  petals  spread  flat 
and  the  broad  filaments  prominently  lobed. 

DEUTZIA  EEFLEXA,  Duthie. 

A  species  collected  in  Central  China  by  Wilson,  a  somewhat  slender- 
growing  shrub  with  greyish  wood  and  narrow  lanceolate  leaves  serrate 
along  the  margin.  The  flowers  on  slender  pedicels  in  corymbose  panicles 
are  pure  white  in  colour,  the  lateral  margins  of  each  petal  folded  back  have 
a  distinct  and  curious  appearance. 

DEUTZIA  WILSONI,  Duthie. 

A  vigorous-growing  species  with  coriaceous  elliptic-lanceolate  leaves, 
serrate  along  the  margin,  rough  to  the  touch. 

The  flowers,  individually  the  largest  known  in  the  genus,  are  in  erect 
thyrsoid  panicles. 

It  was  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  by  Wilson,  after 
whom  it  is  named,  and  first  flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  during  the  summer 
of  1905. 

364 


TREES    AND    SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

DIEBVILLA   SESSILIFOLIA,  Buckl. 
Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  17,  fig.  3,  p.  14. 

A  North  American  species  with  honey-yellow  flowers,  in  dense  heads  on 
short  cymes,  imported  from  North  Carolina  in  1889,  and  first  exhibited 
in  flower  in  July  1897. 

DIPELTA   FLOEIBUNDA,  Maxim. 

A  handsome  deciduous  shrub  allied  to  the  Weigela,  with  a  great — 
and  probably  undeserved — reputation,  introduced  to  cultivation  through 
Wilson,  who  sent  living  roots  in  1902,  and  in  1904  a  supply  of  seed. 

The  plant  inhabits  almost  inaccessible  cliffs,  and  seldom  produces  fertile 
seed.  The  flowers  are  tubular,  white  and  pink  in  colour,  freely  produced ; 
plants  growing  at  Coombe  Wood  have  proved  hardy,  but  not  yet  shown 
signs  of  flower. 

DIPTEEONIA   SINENSIS,  Oliver. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  22 ;  Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  60,  figs.  18,  19. 

A  tree  closely  allied  to  the  Maple  with  pinnate  leaves  of  from  five  to 
seven  pairs  of  ovate-lanceolate  leaflets,  with  serrate  margins. 

The  small  white  polygamous  flowers,  in  terminal  panicles,  are  followed 
by  numerous  winged  fruits  which,  composed  of  two  connate  carpels 
surrounded  by  a  continuous  membraneous  wing,  resemble  those  of  the 
Wych  elm. 

It  was  raised  from  seed  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  and  is  an 
interesting  shrub. 

ELEUTHEEOCOCCUS   HENEYI,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1711 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  403,  fig.  151. 

An  Araliaceous  shrub  discovered  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central 
China,  and  named  in  compliment  to  Dr.  A.  Henry. 

Wilson  introduced  it  to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality,  plants  raised 
from  seed  flowering  at  Coombe  in  August  1905. 

The  plant  clothed  with  five-foliate  leaves,  has  spiny  branches  terminated 
by  globular  heads  of  flower,  resembling  the  inflorescences  of  the  Ivy. 
These  are  succeeded  by  jet-black  fruits  deeply  coloured. 

The  root  bark  is  used  as  a  drug  by  the  natives. 

ELEUTHEEOCOCCUS   LEUCOEEHIZUS,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  sub  t.  1711 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  404,  fig.  153. 

Like  the  preceding  species,  originally  discovered  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  and 
subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson. 

365 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

It  is  distinguished  by  the  Chinese  by  the  white  bark  of  the  root,  famous 
as  a  drug,  that  of  Eleutherococcus  Henryi  being  red. 

EUPTELIA  DAVIDIANA,  Baill. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  2787. 

An  extremely  interesting  tree,  widely  distributed  in  Central  and  Western 
China,  where  specimens  have  been  obtained  by  many  travellers,  the  first 
Pere  David,  after  whom  it  is  named.  The  species  is  variable,  and 
different  forms  have  at  various  times  been  given  specific  rank,  but 
Mr.  Hemsley  (I.e.  supra)  does  not  find  sufficient  distinctive  characters  to 
form  more  than  one  species. 

Seed  collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh  in  1900  germinated,  and  plants 
raised  at  Coombe  Wood  have  proved  perfectly  hardy. 

The  plant  forms  a  shrub  or  small  tree  with  neat,  nearly  orbicular  leaves 
terminated  by  a  thick  mucro-like  apex,  and  colours  well  in  autumn  ;  the 
wood  resembles  that  of  the  Hazel. 

EVODIA  EUT^CAEPA,  Benth. 

An  interesting  member  of  the  Eue  family,  known  in  the  Himalaya  and 
Japan,  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central 
China. 

The  pinnate  leaves  consist  of  four  to  six  pairs  of  lanceolate  leaflets  1  in. 
or  more  in  length ;  the  petioles  red  and  the  under  surface  with  a  silky 
pubescence. 

The  flowers,  in  terminal  much-branched  corymbs,  are  greenish-white  in 
colour,  with  the  powerful  odour  characteristic  of  the  Eue  family. 

FEAXINUS  BEACTEATA,  Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  84. 

Specimens  of  this  handsome  Ash  were  first  collected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry 
in  the  neighbourhood  of  Ichang,  Central  China,  from  which  locality  it  was 
subsequently  introduced. 

The  leaves,  very  light  and  handsome,  are  composed  of  eight  to  eleven 
pairs  of  sub-opposite  leaflets,  glossy  deep  green  above,  bright  green 
beneath,  with  entire  margins,  and  the  tree  attains  a  height  of  some  40  ft. 

Mr.  Hemsley  (I.e.  supra)  remarks  : — "It  differs  from  F.  retusa,  Champ., 
in  having  entire  leaflets,  less  capillary  pedicels,  and  obtuse  fruits ;  and 
from  F.  Griffithii,  Clarke,  in  the  very  differently  shaped  fruit." 

FEAXINUS  MAEIESII,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6678. 

An  ally  of  the  South  European  Manna  Ash,  which  it  resembles  in  a 
profusion  of  small  white  flower  in  dense  broad  panicles  during  the  early 
spring  months. 

366 


TREES    AND    SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

A  native  of  China,  discovered  in  the  province  of  Kiu-kiang  by  Charles 
Maries,  who  sent  home  seed  from  which  plants  were  raised  and  flowered 
for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  in  May  1882. 

FEEMONTIA   CALIFOENICA,  Torr. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5591 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  175 ;  The  Garden,  1873,  vol.  iii.  p.  54,  fig.  ; 
id.  1882,  vol.  xxii.  p.  115,  fig. ;  id.  1886,  vol.  xxix.  p.  8,  pi.  525  ;  Flora  and  Sylva, 
vol.  ii.  p.  279,  fig. 

This  singular  and  beautiful  hardy  shrub  was  first  raised  in  this  country 
from  seed  sent  by  Mr.  Eobert  Wrench  from  California  to  the  Gardens  of 
the  Horticultural  Society,  where  a  plant  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
April  1854.  The  specimen  remained  unique  for  a  number  of  years,  as  all 
attempts  at  propagation  failed,  but  the  plant  died  on  removal  when  the 
arboretum  at  Chiswick  was  given  up. 

Seed  subsequently  by  William  Lobb,  from  California,  a  number  of 
plants  were  raised  and  afterwards  distributed. 

Fremontia  californica,  the  only  species  in  the  genus,  is  found  on  dry 
hills  from  Pitt  Eiver  to  San  Diego,  abundant  in  the  foothills  of  the 
Southern  Sierra  Nevada.  It  was  first  discovered  during  Colonel 
Fremont's  adventurous  expedition  to  the  Eocky  Mountains  in  1846,  and 
bears  the  name  of  that  distinguished  officer. 

HAMAMELIS  AEBOEEA,  Mast. 

Syns.  H.  japonica,  Hook,  f . 

Gard.  Chron.    1881,  vol.  xv.  p.   205,  fig.  38;  The  Garden,   1891,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  546, 

pi.  809 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6659. 

A  handsome  species,  originally  introduced  from  Japan,  a  near  ally  of  the 
American  Hamamelis  virginica,  but  with  larger  and  more  showy  flowers. 

It  is  a  very  desirable  hardy  shrub,  not  only  for  the  structural  interest 
the  flowers  possess  for  the  botanist,  but,  from  a  horticultural  standpoint, 
of  considerable  beauty,  and,  moreover,  furnishing  an  additional  link 
between  the  flora  of  the  Eastern  United  States  and  that  of  Japan. 

The  long  strap-shaped  crinkled  petals  of  the  flowers  are  of  a  bright 
yellow  colour,  the  centre  rich  purple,  borne  in  early  spring  while  the  plant 
is  still  leafless,  and  very  conspicuous. 

HAMAMELIS  MOLLIS,  Oliv. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7884 ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  104. 

This,  the  rarest  and  largest-flowered  of  all  the  Witch-Hazels,  found 
in  Kiang-su  in  the  district  of  Kiu-kiang,  China,  by  Charles  Maries, 
and  sent  by  him  to  Coombe,  was  for  twenty  years  overlooked  till 
Mr.  George  Nicholson,  late  Curator  of  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  brought 
the  plant  to  notice. 

367 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

HYDRANGEA   HOETENSIA,  DC.,  var.  MAEIESII,  Hort. 
The  Garden,  1898,  vol.  xliv.  p.  390,  pi.  1196. 

This  most  curious  of  the  many  varieties  of  the  common  Hydrangea  was 
introduced  from  Japan  through  Charles  Maries. 

The  inflorescence  is  remarkable  in  having  sterile  flowers  confined 
to  the  outer  edge  of  the  corymb,  of  large  size,  each  measuring  from 
3  to  3f  in.  across,  of  a  pink  or  delicate  mauve-pink  hue. 

HYDRANGEA   HORTENSIA,  DC.,  var.  ROSEA. 

Rev.  Hort.  1904,  p.  544,  col.  pi. 

A  beautiful  form  introduced  from  Japan,  producing  in  a  normal  state 
flowers  of  a  beautiful  deep  rose  remarkable  in  that  they  assume  a  peculiar 
porcelain  blue  tint,  for  which  a  ferruginous  soil  is  essential. 

HYDRANGEA   LONGIPES,  Hemsl.  (non  Franch.). 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  274. 

A  new  species  first  sent  by  Dr.  Henry  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh, 
Central  China,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same 
locality. 

A  shrub  2  to  3  ft.  in  height  with  long-stalked  ovate-rotund  leaves 
resembling  those  of  Hydrangea  scandens,  and  terminal  cymes  surrounded 
by  white  sterile  blooms  on  stalks  at  some  distance  from  the  fertile  flowers. 

LINDERA  TZUMU,  Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  392. 

A  tree  20  to  50  ft.  high  with  variable  foliage  introduced  from  the 
Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China. 

According  to  Bretschneider,  this  is  the  t'ze  tree  of  the  Chinese  Classics, 
valued  by  the  ancient  Chinese  for  its  timber. 

Of  rapid  growth  in  this  country,  seedling  trees  at  Coombe  Wood  having 
attained  a  height  of  8  ft.  in  four  years ;  the  leaves  broadly  ovate,  or 
rhomboid,  cuneate  at  the  base,  are  sometimes  trilobed;  the  under  side 
glaucous,  the  petioles  and  principal  veins  of  a  reddish  tinge  ;  the  young 
wood  brightly  spotted  with  purple. 

LIRIODENDRON   CHINENSE,  Sarg. 

Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1903,  vol.  i.  p.  103,  t.  51 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv. 
p.  370  ;  Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  1905,  pi.  2785  j  Flora  and  Sylva,  1905,  vol.  iii.  p.  202. 

This  species  was  formerly  regarded  as  a  geographical  form  of  the 
variable  North  American  Tulip  Tree,  Liriodendron  tulipifera,  but  more 
complete  specimens  have  shown  sufficient  characters  to  render  it  a  distinct 

368 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

species.  It  has  been  collected  by  several  travellers,  including  Maries, 
Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  Wilson,  and  through  the  last  named  was  introduced  to 
cultivation. 

The  flowers  green,  are  smaller  than  those  of  L.  tulipifera  and  more 
spreading ;  when  fully  open  they  do  not  present  the  tulip-like  appearance, 
there  is  a  difference  in  the  construction  of  the  pistil,  and  the  leaves 
are  more  glaucous. 

In  the  native  habitat  it  forms  a  tree  15  to  20  ft.  high,  though  occasionally 
isolated  examples  are  met  which  greatly  exceed  this  height. 

LONICEBA  GYNOCHLAMYD^3A,  Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  362. 

A  dwarf-growing  shrub  first  from  the  Patung  district,  Central  China, 
and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh. 

The  flowers,  remarkable  for  the  cap-like  production  of  the  calyx  over 
the  connate  bracteoles,  are  rose-coloured,  produced  on  two-flowered 
peduncles  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves. 

LONICERA   KCEHNEANA,  Behd. 

Rehder  in  Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1902,  pfc.  i.  pi.  xxi. 

A  Chinese  species  first  sent  as  dried  specimens  from  Central  China  by 
Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  "  dedicated  to  Professor  E.  Kcehne,  the  distinguished 
German  botanist,  whose  arrangement  of  the  cultivated  species  of  Lonicera 
in  his  Deutsche  Dendrologie  is  the  best  and  most  natural  hitherto 
published." 

A  strong-growing  shrub  with  ovate  acuminate  leaves,  in  the  axils  of 
which  the  two-flowered  peduncles  are  produced,  flowered  at  Coombe 
during  the  summer  of  1905  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  by 
Wilson. 

LONICEEA  TBAGOPHYLLA,  Hemsl. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  8064;  Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  367;  Jour.  R.H.S.  1903, 
vol.  xxviii.  p.  63,  fig.  24 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxvi.  p.  151,  suppl.  illtis. ; 
Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1905,  p.  3,  figs. ;  Sargent's  Trees  and  Shrubs,  pi.  xlvi. 

A  Chinese  Honeysuckle  flowered  in  June  1904  at  Coombe,  figured  in 
the  Botanical  Magazine  (I.e.  supra)  in  March  1906,  the  month  of  the 
publication  of  Hortus  Veitchii. 

The  flowers  in  dense  heads,  each  composed  of  from  twelve  to  fifteen 
yellow  trumpet-shaped  blooms,  have  exserted  stamens.  The  blooms  are 
the  largest  produced  by  any  species  of  the  sub-genus  (Periclymenum),  and 
the  species  is  the  only  representative  in  Central  and  Eastern  Asia  of  the 
almost  exclusively  Mediterranean  sub-section  Eucaprifolium,  Spach. 

369 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

LOEOPETALUM    CHINENSE,  R.  Br. 

Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  620;  id.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  152,  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7979. 

A  native  of  the  mountains  of  China,  introduced  through  Charles 
Maries  in  1880,  a  member  of  the  family  to  which  the  Sweet  Gums 
(Liquidamber)  and  Witch  Hazels  (Hamamelis)  belong,  and  originally 
described  under  the  name  of  H.  chinensis  by  Eobert  Brown  in  Abel's 
Narrative  of  a  Journey  in  the  interior  of  China,  p.  375. 

A  free  blooming  shrub  with  flowers  clustered  in  small  heads  termi- 
nating the  branches,  the  calyx  pale  green,  the  long  linear  strap-shaped 
petals  pure  white. 

As  with  many  not  perfectly  hardy  plants,  it  is  not  generally  met  with 
in  gardens,  but  it  blooms  profusely  in  winter  and  early  spring,  in  a  small 
state,  and  is  well  adapted  for  conservatories  and  the  winter  garden  during 
the  early  months  of  the  year. 

MAGNOLIA   SALICIFOLIA. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1902,  p.  45. 

Of  this  Japanese  species,  not  yet  flowered  in  Europe,  seed  was  collected 
on  Mount  Hakkoda  by  James  H.  Veitch,  but  failed  to  germinate,  and  was 
later  successfully  introduced  through  the  Arnold  Arboretum,  U.S.A. 

A  small  tree  with  slender  branches,  willow-like  leaves  5  to  6  in.  long, 
light  green  above,  silvery  white  beneath. 

MAGNOLIA   SOULANGEANA,  Ilort.,  var.  NIGEA,  Hort. 

Nicholson  in  The  Garden,  1884,  vol.  xxv.  p.  276,  pi.  434. 

Mr.  Nicholson,  late  Curator  of  Kew,  the  first  authority  of  his  day  on 
cultivated  trees  and  shrubs,  is  of  opinion  that  this  is  of  hybrid  origin,  the 
possible  parents  the  purple-flowered  Magnolia  (M.  obovata)  and  the  Yulan 
(M.  conspicua),  and  this  is  probable,  as  both  the  species  suggested 
have  been  cultivated  in  the  gardens  of  the  Japanese  and  Chinese 
from  time  immemorial. 

The  original  plant  from  Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

MAGNOLIA    STELLATA,  Maxim. 

Syns.  M.  Halleana,  S.  B.  Parsons  ;  Burgeria  stellata,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 
The  Garden,  1878,  vol.  xiii.  pi.  cxxxii.  ;  PI.  Mag.  1878,  n.s.  pi.  309;  Bofc.  Mag.  t.  6370. 

A  delightful  hardy  shrub  long  known  to  science  as  Burgeria  stellata,  a 
name  founded  on  an  erroneous  observation  as  to  the  nature  of  the  fruit, 

370 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

and  subsequently  as  Magnolia  Halleana,  given  by  Mr.  S.  B.  Parsons  of 
Flushing,  U.S.A.,  in  compliment  to  Mr.  G.  E.  Hall,  who  in  1862  intro- 
duced the  plant  to  America. 

Found  wild  on  Fuji-yama,  it  had  long  been  cultivated,  and  those  first 
sent  home  were  obtained  from  gardens  in  Nagasaki  by  Oldham  in  1862. 

Plants  introduced  by  Messrs.  Veitch  from  Japan,  flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  this  country  at  Coombe  in  March  1878. 

The  flowers  star-shaped,  pure  white  in  colour,  are  produced  early  in  the 
year  before  the  leaves  appear. 


MELIOSMA  MYEIANTHA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Card.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  30,  fig. 

An  uncommon  shrub,  the  only  species  of  the  genus,  with  small  greenish- 
yellow  flowers  densely  borne  in  branched  panicles,  resembling  some  species 
of  Spiraea.  The  plant,  though  not  perfectly  hardy  in  all  parts  of  England, 
flowers  and  seeds  freely  at  Coombe  "Wood. 

It  was  introduced  from  Japan,  but  has  by  no  means  a  wide  distribution. 

NEILLIA    SINENSIS,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1540;  Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  61. 

A  beautiful  hardy  shrub,  from  Central  China,  which  attains  a  height  of 
from  4  to  5  ft.,  furnished  with  an  elegant  currant-like  leafage,  and 
produces  in  great  abundance  drooping  racemes  of  rose-pink  flowers. 

Perfectly  hardy,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  in  the 
summer  of  1904. 

NYSSA    SINENSIS,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1964. 

A  deciduous  shrub  or  small  tree  discovered  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh 
Central  China,  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultiva- 
tion from  the  same  locality. 

The  discovery  of  this  genus  in  China  and  in  the  Himalaya  is  interest- 
ing as  it  was  formerly  supposed  to  be  restricted  to  the  Eastern  United 
States. 

PEETYA   SINENSIS,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  2214. 

A  genus  of  the  Mutisia  group  of  the  Composite*,  first  made  known 
in  China  from  specimens  collected  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh  by 
Dr.  A.  .Henry. 

371 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

A  bush  some  6  ft.  high  of  thin  graceful  reddish-purple  stems  clothed 
with  glabrous  oblong-lanceolate  leaves  in  the  axils  of  which  the  peduncled 
capitula  of  flowers  are  formed. 

Plants  growing  at  Coombe  Wood  were  raised  from  seed  from  Central 
China. 

POPULUS   LASIOCAEPA,  Oliver. 

Jour.  K.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  65,  fig.  27. 

Discovered  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  as  a  tree  20  to  40  ft.  high,  in  the  Province 
of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same 
locality. 

The  leaves  are  large,  probably  the  largest  of  any  species  in  the  genus, 
the  plant  perfectly  hardy. 

PEUNUS    (CERASUS)    PSEUDO-CEEASUS,  Lindl, 

var.  JAMES   H.   VEITCH. 
Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xix.  pp.  466,  51V,  fig.  79. 

The  finest  of  all  forms  of  the  Japanese  Cherry,  cultivated  in  gardens  for 
the  beauty  of  their  flowers.  When  travelling  in  that  country,  James  H. 
Veitch  heard  by  chance  in  Tokio  of  a  nurseryman  who  specialized 
cherries  in  a  district  he  was  unable  to  visit,  and  he  wrote  for  the  most 
distinct  forms  the  man  grew.  Subsequent  trial  in  England  proved  all  to 
be  valueless  save  this  variety. 

In  this  country  it  forms  a  small  tree  or  bush-like  shrub,  with  blossoms 
in  early  spring,  later  than  in  Japan. 

The  deep  rose-pink  double  flowers  are  some  2  in.  in  diameter,  the 
young  leaves  serrated,  of  a  bright  bronze  tint. 

PYEUS   DELAVAYI,  Franch. 

Plantss  Delavayanae,  1890,  p.  227. 

This  species,  one  of  the  most  interesting  and  ornamental  of  the  whole 
family,  attains  the  dimensions  of  an  ordinary  orchard  apple  tree,  and  in 
flower  presents  a  similar  appearance. 

The  foliage  of  two  forms,  the  young  leaves  pinnatifid  and  hairy,  give 
the  tree  the  appearance  of  a  species  of  Crataegus ;  the  mature  leaves 
obovate,  entire,  and  nearly  glabrous,  present  quite  a  different  aspect. 
The  interesting  fruits  ovoid  in  shape  are  about  the  size  of  those  of  Pyrus 
Maulei. 

Intermediate  in  structure  between  those  of  the  quince  and  apple, 
having  seeds  arranged  in  rows  as  in  the  quince,  but  numerically  the  same 
as  in  the  apple. 

A  native  of  the  high  plateaux  of  Yunnan,  first  discovered  by  Pere 
Delavay,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation.  , 

372 


TREES  AND  SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

EHODODENDEON    CALENDULACEUM,  Torr. 

Syns.  Azalea  calendulacea,  Michux. 
Watson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  742. 

A  North  American  species,  said  to  cover  wide  stretches  of  country  in 
Virginia,  introduced  to  Exeter  in  1837,  and  very  fragrant. 

The  gorgeous  flowers  in  June  are  of  every  shade  of  lemon-yellow  to 
brilliant  fire-red.  Many  forms  appeared,  raised  in  gardens  by  selection 
and  cross-fertilization,  to  which  varietal  names  have  been  given. 

EHODODENDEON   DILATATUM,  Miq. 

Syns.  Azalea  dilatata,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7681. 

A  native  of  Japan,  of  the  Azalea  section  of  the  genus,  with  deciduous 
foliage  and  flowers  with  only  five  stamens,  first  made  known  through 
Siebold,  and  introduced  by  us  in  1883. 

EIBES    GLACIALS,  Franch. 

A  species  from  Central  China  with  leaves  resembling  those  of  the 
gooseberry  and  the  wood  as  the  scaly  bark  of  the  currant. 

The  flowers  inconspicuous,  greenish,  dioecious,  followed  by  small  red 
fruit. 

EIBES    LOBBII,  Asa  Gray. 

Syns.  JR.  sulvestitum,  Hook. 
Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xix.  p.  11,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4931. 

A  native  of  California  introduced  to  Exeter  through  William  Lobb, 
this  hardy  Currant  is  now  seldom  seen,  although  an  early  flowering 
character  should  commend  it  to  the  lover  of  hardy  shrubs. 

The  flowers,  small  and  fuchsia-like,  are  dull  purple  in  colour,  the  sepals 
tipped  with  green. 

EOS  A   SEEICEA,  Lindl,  var.   PTEEACANTHA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  260,  figs.  98,  99. 

A  form  of  the  type  with  red  spines  dilated  into  wings  at  the  base  in  an 
extraordinary  degree,  frequently  the  entire  length  of  an  internode ;  the 
foliage  neat  and  attractive,  the  flowers  white,  and  the  fruits  yellow. 

Found  by  several  travellers  in  various  localities  in  China,  and  introduced 
to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  who  met  with  it  in  the  Province  of  Hupeh. 

373  sb 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

EOSA   SOEBIFLOEA,  Focke. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  227,  fig.  96. 

A  species  closely  allied  to  the  Banksian  Eose  with  numerous  small 
white  flowers,  clustered  in  a  corymbose  inflorescence  as  in  the  Sorbus. 
From  the  heights  in  West  Hupeh,  it  has  not  as  yet  flowered  in  this 
country. 

EOSE  QUEEN   ALEXANDEA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxx.  p.  30,  fig. 

Eaised  by  Seden  from  Crimson  Eambler,  fertilized  with  Eosa  multi- 
flora  simplex,  it  was  the  Gold  Medal  Eose  of  the  year  1901.  Of 
climbing  habit,  clothed  with  large  trusses  of  rich  rose-coloured  flowers 
in  great  profusion. 

EUBUS  BAMBUSAEUM,  Focke. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  sub  fc.  1952. 

This  handsome  Eubus,  first  discovered  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  intro- 
duced to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  who  collected  seed  in  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  Central  China,  in  1900.  The  leaves  resemble  those  of  E.  Henryi, 
but  being  trilobed  are  so  divided  as  to  be  trifoliate,  and  in  exceptionally 
vigorous  growths  often  five-foliate. 

The  leaflets  are  narrow,  lanceolate,  resembling  those  of  Bamboos  or 
Willows,  dark  green  above,  covered  on  the  under  surface  with  a  cream- 
white  or  dun-coloured  indumentum.  In  some  districts  the  leaves  are 
dried  and  used  as  tea. 

The  flowers,  not  showy,  develop  black  edible  fruit. 

This  bramble  is  a  handsome  pillar  plant  of  a  vigorous  constitution, 
the  long  trailing  branches  attaining  a  length  of  from  10  to  12  ft.  in  a 
summer's  growth. 

EUBUS  BIFLOEUS,  Buch. 

Syria.  R.  leucodermis,  Hort.  (non  Douglas). 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4678. 

A  handsome  Bramble  originally  from  Nepal,  cultivated  under  the  name 
of  Eubus  leucodermis,  a  name  well-deserved  from  the  pure  white  stem, 
but  the  name  had  already  been  given  by  Douglas  to  a  North  American 
species. 

E.  biflorus  is  a  curious  ornamental  plant,  quite  hardy,  a  striking  object 
in  the  shrubbery  from  the  white-washed  appearance  of  the  stems,  which 
when  examined  are  found  to  be  covered  by  a  minute,  perfectly  white, 
pulverulent  substance. 

The  pure  white  flowers  are  followed  by  orange-coloured  fruit,  edible 
and  of  pleasant  flavour. 

374 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

EUBUS  CHEOOSEPALUS,  Focke. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1952. 

A  species  discovered  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  later  introduced  to  cultivation 
from  Central  China  in  1900 . 

It  is  a  simple-leaved  species,  the  leaves  aptly  compared  by  Dr.  W.  0. 
Focke,  the  author  of  the  specific  name,  to  those  of  Tilia  alba. 

The  flowers  in  a  lax  panicle  are  remarkable  in  having  the  inner  surface 
of  the  reflexed  sepals  coloured — compensation  for  the  want  of  petals. 

RUBUS  CONDUPLICATA,  Duthie. 

A  new  species  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China,  through 
Wilson,  who  sent  seed  in  1900. 

Simple-leaved  with  trilobate  leaves,  dark  green  on  the  upper  surface, 
white  beneath  with  pinkish  veins :  the  wood  covered  with  a  thick  waxy 
white  substance  gives  the  plant  a  distinctly  ornamental  appearance. 

The  white  flowers  are  not  sufficiently  showy  to  be  of  value  from  a 
horticultural  standpoint. 

EUBUS   COEEANUS,   Miq. 

Moore  in  Jour,  of  Bot.  1875,  p.  230;  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  (In.  PI.  S.),  p.  230. 

An  erect-growing  bush,  native  of  the  Corean  Archipelago  and  Central 
China,  introduced  to  cultivation  from  Hupeh. 

The  stems  are  covered  with  a  conspicuous  waxy  white  covering ;  the 
leaves  pinnate,  with  2  to  3  pairs  of  pinnae  and  a  terminal  rhomboid 
leaflet,  dark  metallic  green  in  colour,  pale  green  beneath. 

The  fruit  varies  in  colour  from  red  to  yellow  and  black. 

EUBUS  FLAGELLIFLOEUS,  Focke. 

A  handsome  Eubus  found  in  the  mountain  woods  of  Central  China  : 
a  strong-growing  plant  with  long  whip-like  growths  6  to  8  ft.  in  length, 
bearing  white  flowers,  which  suggested  the  specific  name. 

The  leaves  handsome,  cordate,  acuminate,  have  an  irregularly  serrate 
margin.  In  the  shade  the  leaves  are  beautifully  marbled  on  the  upper 
surface,  as  in  certain  forms  of  Eex  Begonia ;  the  under  surface  covered 
with  a  thick  cream-  or  dun-coloured  tomentum,  as  is  the  wood  of  the 
young  growth. 

EUBUS  HYPAEGYEUS,  Focke. 

This  handsome  Chinese  bramble  has  trifoliate  leaves  of  a  peculiar 
metallic  lustre  on  the  upper  surface,  covered  beneath  with  a  white  felt-like 
tomentum. 

375 


The  young  wood  and  spines  are  red,  the  small  flowers  pink,  followed 
by  woolly  fruit. 

Eaised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China,  this  fine  species  flowered 
at  Coombe  Wood  in  1905. 

EUBUS  ICHANGENSIS,   Hemsl.  &  0.  Knntze. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  231. 

Introduced  through  Wilson,  who  collected  seeds  in  1901,  in  the  neigh- 
bourhood of  Ichang,  in  which  locality  it  had  previously  been  met  with 
by  Dr.  Henry,  from  whose  material  it  was  described. 

Mr.  Hemsley  states  (I.e.  supra),  "The  elongated,  cordiform,  distantly 
toothed,  glabrous,  or  early  glabrescent  leaves,  associated  with  small 
flowers  and  few  ovaries  are  especially  characteristic  of  this  species." 

RUBUS   INNOMINATUS,   8.  Moore. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  291,  fig.  112. 

A  handsome  bramble  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  with  leaves  usually  trifoliate,  green  above,  white  beneath ;  the 
stems  covered  with  a  curiously  soft  pubescence  which  gives  a  velvety 
impression  to  the  touch. 

The  feature  is  the  bright  orange- scarlet  colour  of  the  fruit. 

Throughout  the  month  of  September,  when  the  large  panicles  of  these 
are  at  their  best,  the  plant  presents  a  remarkably  striking  and  ornamental 
picture,  as  decorative  as  any  spring-flowering  shrub.  The  fruits  edible, 
resemble  in  flavour  those  of  the  common  blackberry,  but  differ  in  being 
of  a  larger  size  and  more  flat  in  general  shape. 

RUBUS   IREN^US,   Focke. 

A  trailing  species  with  heart-shaped  or  occasionally  slightly  trilobed 
leaves,  dark  green  above,  dun-coloured  beneath  with  serrate  margins, 
suitable  for  covering  low  banks  or  for  the  margins  of  woods  and  planta- 
tions where  the  long  shoots  can  ramble  unrestricted. 

RUBUS  LAMBERTIANUS,   Ser.,   var.   GLABER,   Hemsl. 

A  simple-leaved  species  with  remarkable  young  shoots  glandular  and 
sticky  to  the  touch,  with  the  stipules  of  the  leaves  divided  into  about  five 
unequal  bristle-like  segments. 

The  leaves  cordate  at  the  base,  slightly  trilobed,  acute,  with  dentate 
margins  bi'ight  green  and  glossy  on  the  upper  surface,  are  pale  green 
beneath. 

376 


TREES   AND    SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

The  inflorescence  consists  of  a  terminal  panicle  of  small  white  flower 
followed  by  red  fruit. 

EUBUS   LASIOSTYLUS,  Focke. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7426 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  170 ;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties, 

1905,  p.  6,  figs. 

This  handsome  Chinese  bramble  was  introduced  to  the  Botanic  Gardens 
of  this  country  through  the  discoverer,  Dr.  Augustine  Henry,  in  1899, 
from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  and  later  sent  home  by  Wilson,  who  found 
it  in  the  same  locality. 

Eemarkable  for  white  stems,  closely  set  with  prickles,  and  a  very 
woolly  fruit  of  sub-globose  shape,  resembling  a  raspberry  as  it  also 
does  in  flavour. 

EUBUS   LEUCOCAEPUS,  Benth. 

A  species  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China.  The  leaves 
pinnate,  consist  of  several  pairs  of  pinnae  ;  the  leaflets  small  with  serrate 
margins. 

The  flowers  in  small  sessile  clusters  in  the  axils  of  those  of  the  cur- 
rent season's  growth  are  of  a  pink  colour,  individually  small,  followed 
by  white  or  red  fruit. 

EUBUS  NIVEUS,  Watt. 

A  strong-growing  species  often  reaching  a  height  of  20  ft.,  clothed  with 
three  to  five  foliate  leaves,  covered  with  a  soft  pubescence  which  gives  a 
satiny  impression  to  the  touch. 

The  lateral  leaflets  oblique,  the  terminal  triangular  in  outline  with 
coarsely  toothed  margins,  the  under  surface  white. 

The  small  white  flowers  are  in  axillary  and  terminal  corymbs  followed 
by  purplish  fruit. 

EUBUS  PALMATUS,  Thunb. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7801. 

A  white-flowered  species  with  elegantly  lobed  palmate  leaves,  not 
perfectly  hardy  in  other  than  favoured  localities  in  this  country,  and  a 
suitable  subject  for  clothing  pillars  in  the  cool  greenhouses  or  the  winter 
garden. 

A  native  of  the  central  mountains  of  Japan,  Korea,  and  China,  it  was 
from  the  first-named  country  introduced  to  cultivation. 

EUBUS  PAEKEEI,  Hance. 

A  species  introduced  through  Wilson  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh, 
Central  China,  where  it  is  commonly  met  with  in  the  wooded  slopes  of 
glens  and  gorges. 

377 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  leaves  ovate  acute,  cordate  at  the  base,  with  an  irregularly  toothed 
margin  have  a  soft  pubescence  on  the  under  surface. 

The  flowers  small,  in  large  panicles,  are  followed  by  dull  red  fruit  of  an 
indifferent  flavour. 


EUBUS  PLAYFAIEII,  Hemsl 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  235. 

A  species  named  in  compliment  to  Mr.  G.  M.  H.  Playfair,  by  whom  it 
was  discovered  at  Pakhoi,  in  the  Province  of  Kwang-tung,  South-Eastern 
China,  in  1889,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  from  seed  collected  in  1901. 

Mr.  Hemsley  states  (I.e.  supra),  "  This  is  the  only  shrubby  bramble 
with  pedately  divided  leaves  known  to  occur  within  our  limits ;  and  it  is 
a  very  well-marked  species  readily  distinguished  from  the  few  other  species 
of  this  group  inhabiting  Eastern  Asia." 

EUBUS  WILSONI,  Duthie. 

A  species  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  in  1901  by  Wilson, 
after  whom  it  is  named. 

The  leaves  pinnate  with  two  pairs  of  ovate-lanceolate  pinnas  and  a 
terminal  cordate  leaflet,  dark  green  above,  paler  beneath,  have  serrate 
margins.  The  wood  of  the  stem  is  very  prickly. 

SAPINDUS  MUKOEOSSI,  Gartn. 

This  Chinese  representative  of  the  genus  makes  a  handsome  tree  20  to 
25  ft.  high  with  pinnate  leaves  1  to  1^  ft.  in  length. 

The  flowers  are  small,  white  in  colour,  in  very  large  panicles  at  the  end 
of  the  branches.  The  fruits  round  in  form,  about  f  in.  in  diameter,  have 
a  horny  coat  which,  saponaceous  in  water,  is  used  as  soap  by  the  Chinese. 
The  round  very  hard  seeds  are  threaded  and  used  as  rosaries  by  the 
Buddhist  priests. 

Plants  are  growing  at  Coombe  Wood. 

SCHIZOPHEAGMA  INTEGEIFOLIA,  Oliver. 

Jour.  E.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  62. 

A  climbing  or  trailing  plant  remarkable  in  having  an  inflorescence 
surrounded  by  large  white  bracts,  similar  to  those  produced  by  Mussaenda 
frondosa. 

Plants  introduced  from  Central  China  by  Wilson  have  proved  hardy  at 
Coombe  Wood,  though  at  present  too  young  to  flower. 

378 


TREES    AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

SPIE^A   HENEYI,  Hemsl. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  61,  fig.  20. 

A  Chinese  species,  first  detected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  a  compact  shrub 
with  neat  foliage  and  white  flowers  in  corymbs  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves 
along  the  whole  length  of  the  previous  season's  growth. 

Eaised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China,  the  shrub  has  proved 
perfectly  hardy  and  flowered  with  unusual  freedom  at  Coombe  Wood 
during  the  summer  of  1904. 

SPIB^A  VEITCHII,  Hemsl. 

A  new  species  discovered  in  Central  China  by  E.  H.  Wilson  and  through 
him  introduced  to  cultivation. 

The  plant  forms  a  neat  compact  shrub,  with  thin  growths  6  to  8  ft.  long, 
of  a  reddish-brown  clothed  with  small  glaucous-green,  oblong-lanceolate 
leaves  serrate  along  their  apical  portion. 

The  flowers  on  the  short  side  growths  along  the  whole  length  of  the 
previous  year's  shoots  are  in  terminal  corymbs  pure  white,  very  showy 
in  a  mass. 

SPIE.ZEA  WILSONI,  Duthie. 

A  new  species,  in  some  respects  intermediate  between  Spiraea  Henryi 
and  S.  Veitchii. 

The  flowers  white,  are  in  large  flat  corymbs  composed  of  several 
smaller  corymbs,  and  the  peduncle  and  pedicels  are  covered  with  silky 
hair. 

A  native  of  the  scrub-clad  mountains  of  Western  Hupeh,  7,000-8,500  ft. 
elevation,  it  was  first  flowered  during  the  summer  of  1905  at  Coombe 
Wood. 

STEPHENANDEA  FLEXUOSA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1882-1883,  p.  30. 

A  graceful  Eosaceous  shrub  of  Spiraea-like  habit,  introduced  through 
Charles  Maries  from  Japan. 

The  slender  stems  arch  gracefully,  are  covered  with  crimson  bark  and 
furnished  with  trilobed  deeply-cut  leaves  about  2  in.  long,  the  flowers 
white,  in  small  erect  clusters. 

STEANSV^JSIA  UNDULATA,  Decnc. 

A  handsome  Photinia-like  shrub  with  entire  lance-shaped,  coriaceous, 
shining  leaves,  entire  along  the  margin  with  an  undulate  surface,  collected 
in  bunches  at  the  end  of  the  growths. 

The  small  white  flowers  are  in  flat  corymbs,  followed  by  brilliantly 

379 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

coloured  hawthorn-like  fruits,  only  equalled  by  the  exquisite  colouring  of 
the  foliage  in  the  autumn. 

A  form  introduced  with  the  type  known  as  fructo-luteo  has  yellow 
fruit. 

STUAKTIA  MONADELPHIA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

This  species  inhabits  the  forests  of  Central  China  at  elevations  of 
5,000-7,500  ft.,  forming  a  tree  some  25  to  30  ft.  in  height,  with  a 
slender  trunk  ;  the  thin  bark  continually  peels  in  flakes. 

The  elliptic  leaves  are  acuminate  with  a  serrate  margin,  clothed  with 
silky  hairs  on  the  principal  veins  of  the  under  surface. 

The  fragrant  white  flowers  the  same  size  as  those  of  Stuartia  Pseudo- 
camellia,  but  not  so  cup-shaped. 

STUAETIA  PSEUDO-CAMELLIA,  Maxim. 

Syns.  8.  gran&iflora,  Briot. 

Gard.  Chron.   1888,   vol.  iv.  p.   187,  fig.   22;  Bot.   Mag.  t.  7045;  The  Garden,  1893, 
vol.  xliii.  pi.  899 ;  Rev.  Hort.  1879,  p.  430. 

A  species  closely  allied  to  the  old  North  American  garden  plants — 
Stuartia  pentagyna  and  S.  virginica,  the  three  constituting  the  whole 
of  this  interesting  genus  in  cultivation  in  this  country  prior  to  the 
introduction  of  S.  monadelphia  from  China. 

S.  Pseudo-camellia  was  introduced  from  Japan,  but  appears  to  have 
been  cultivated  in  the  United  States  of  America  for  several  years ;  and 
in  France  in  the  nursery  of  M.M.  Thibaut  and  Keteleer  as  early  as  1868. 

A  handsome  shrub,  with  creamy- white  flowers  resembling  those  of  a 
single-flowered  Camellia,  and  foliage  at  all  times  beautiful,  in  some 
seasons  the  brilliant  crimson  with  gold  autumnal  tints  render  it  excep- 
tionally attractive. 

STYEAX  OBASSIA,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1888,   vol.  iv.  p.   131,  fig.  12  ;  Jour,  of  Hort.  1888,  p.  513,  fig.  73 ;  Bot. 

Mag.  t.  7039. 

One  of  the  most  interesting  of  all  hardy  shrubs  introduced  from  Japan, 
and  first  made  known  by  Siebold  and  Zuccarini  in  Mora  Japonica,  1835, 
vol.  i.  t.  56,  where  a  description  and  figure  are  given. 

The  difference  in  the  size  and  form  of  the  leaves  is  noticeable,  the 
larger  attaining  10  in.  in  diameter,  sometimes  alternate,  some  larger  than 
others,  and  usually  one  of  great  size  at  the  apex  of  the  branch  ;  the  bases 
of  the  petioles  are  sheaths,  and  entirely  conceal  the  bud,  as  in 
the  London  Plane.  The  flowers  pure  white,  with  yellow  stamens,  are 
in  racemes  4  to  7  in.  long,  with  a  hyacinth  scent. 

380 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS-DECIDUOUS 

Styrax  obassia  was  introduced  to  this  country  through  Charles  Maries, 
and  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  Wood  in  June  1888. 

TETRACENTRON   SINENSE,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1892. 

The  representative  of  a  new  genus  of  the  Magnoliaceae,  first  discovered 
by  Dr.  A.  Henry  in  Hupeh,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation 
from  the  same  locality  through  Wilson :  in  the  native  habitat  a  tree 
20  to  50  ft.  high,  with  alternate  ovate-elliptic  leaves,  serrate  along  the 
margin. 

The  flowers  minute,  on  drooping  spikes  4  to  6  in.  in  length,  of  singular 
botanical  interest,  are  of  little  value  from  a  horticultural  standpoint. 

TILIA   HENRYANA    Szy. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  66. 

A  species  named  in  compliment  to  Dr.  A.  Henry,  somewhat  resembles 
Tilia  Tuan,  but  has  broader  leaves  and  a  different  inflorescence. 

Raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China,  the  Lime  has  proved 
quite  hardy. 

TILIA  MIQUELIANA,  Maxim. 

Bean  in  Gard.  Chrou.  1895,  vol.  xviii.  p.  766 ;  Gard.  and  For.  1893,  p.  113,  fig.  19. 

Introduced  through  Charles  Maries  from  Japan,  where  it  forms  a 
common  forest  tree  on  the  hill  slopes  in  the  north  island,  often  attaining 
a  height  of  100  ft. 

TILIA  MIQUELIANA,  Maxim.,  var.  CHINENSIS,  Szy. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1927. 

A  form  of  the  type  first  met  with  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  in  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  Central  China,  and  later  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same 
locality. 

TILIA  OLIVERI,  Szy. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  sub  t.  1927. 

Discovered  in  Central  China,  and  seed  received  at  the  same  time  by 
Messrs.  Veitch  in  1900. 

The  leaves  heart-shaped,  unequal  at  the  base,  shortly  acuminate  at 
the  apex,  have  unequally  serrate  margins ;  glabrous  on  the  upper  surface, 
covered  beneath  with  a  white  tomentum. 

381 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  plants  growing  at  Coombe  Wood  are  at  present  too  young  to  show 
the  true  character. 

TILIA  TUAN,  Szy. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  66. 

A  handsome  Lime  tree  with  obliquely-ovate  leaves  semi-cordate  at  the 
base,  dark  green  on  the  upper  surface,  covered  beneath  with  a  stellate 
white  tomentum  :  raised  at  Coombe  Wood  from  seed  collected  in  Central 
China. 

VIBUENUM  CEANOTHOIDES,  Wright. 

As  the  specific  name  implies,  this  Viburnum  closely  resembles  a 
Ceanothus  in  general  appearance,  forming  a  bush  4  to  6  ft.  in  height  with 
leaves  cuneate  and  toothed. 

The  flowers  white,  in  corymbs,  are  succeeded  by  very  numerous  bright 
red  fruit. 

A  native  of  the  plateaux  of  Yunnan,  first  discovered  by  W.  Hancock 
Esq.,  of  the  Chinese  Imperial  Maritime  Customs,  and  described  from 
material  sent  by  him  to  Kew. 

VIBUENUM  COEYLIFOLIUM,  Hook.  f.  &  Thorns. 

A  species  from  Central  China  through  Wilson,  with  dark  green  leaves, 
hairy  on  both  surfaces  and  strongly  veined,  in  outline  and  general 
appearance  not  unlike  a  Corylus.  The  wood  in  a  young  state  is  very 
tomentose. 

VIBUENUM   DILATATUM,  Thvrib. 

Syns.  V.  Mariesii,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6215. 

A  handsome  hardy  shrub,  with  apparently  a  wide  range  in  Japan, 
having  been  collected  in  various  localities  throughout  the  whole  length 
of  the  archipelago. 

Introduced  through  Charles  Maries,  it  flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  for 
the  first  time  in  England  in  June  1875. 

VITIS  ACONITIFOLIA,  Hance. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  vol.  xxviii.  1904,  p.  392,  fig.  87. 

A  Chinese  species  with  leaves  of  variable  form,  but  more  or  less 
resembling  those  of  the  Monkshood,  introduced  by  the  Veitchian  firm, 
and  exhibited  for  the  first  time  in  September  1903,  before  the  Eoyal 
Horticultural  Society. 

382 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS- DECIDUOUS 

VITIS  AEMATA,  Diels  &  Gilg. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  392,  figs.  83,  88,  104;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1904, 

p.  4,  fig. 

A  peculiar  vine  with  stems  and  leaf-stalks  beset  with  fleshy  processes 
resembling  prickles. 

It  is  a  native  of  Central  China,  from  seed  collected  by  Wilson,  and 
plants  raised  proved  hardy  and  very  ornamental. 

The  leaves  heart-shaped,  7  to  8  in.  broad  and  9  to  10  in.  long,  are 
three-angled,  glabrous  in  all  parts;  the  autumnal  colour  rich  and 
brilliant. 


VITIS   ABMATA,  Dicls  &  Gilg.,  var.  VEITCHII,  Hort. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  393,  fig.  89,  aiid  col.  pi.  p.  389. 

A  more  vigorous  form  of  the  type,  superior  in  every  way,  and  probably 
the  finest  of  the  Chinese  vines  :  the  autumn  coloration  of  a  solid  richness 
quite  unexampled. 

VITIS   DELAVAYI,   Franch. 
Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  393,  fig.  102. 

A  Chinese  species  of  great  promise  with  trifoliate  leaves,  aptly  named  in 
compliment  to  Pere  Delavay,  a  French  missionary,  to  whom  is  due  much 
for  his  labour  in  making  known  the  Flora  of  the  Chinese  Empire. 

VITIS  FLEXUOSA,  Thunb.,  var.  CHINENSIS. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  393,  fig.  107. 

The  leaves  of  Jihis  form  vary  to  a  great  extent,  are  glossy  when  young, 
the  upper  surface  shining  green,  dull  when  mature,  with  traces  of  purple 
on  the  under  surface  as  in  the  type. 

It  was  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central 
China,  in  1900. 

VITIS  FLEXUOSA,   Thunb.,  var.  WILSONI. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  394,  fig.  90;  Veitclis'  List  of  Novelties,  1905,  p.  5,  figs. 

A  peculiarly  attractive  form  of  the  type,  from  China  through  Wilson, 
after  whom  it  is  named.  The  leaves  small,  are  remarkable  for  a  deep 
bronzy-green  hue,  a  shining  metallic  lustre,  the  under  surface  bright 
purple :  first  exhibited  in  September  1903. 

383 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

VITIS   HENRYANA,   Henisl. 

Jour.  R.H.S.    1904,   vol.   xxviii.   p.  394,  fig.  92;  Veitclis'  List  of  Novelties,  1905,  p.  4, 
figs.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  309,  fig.  122. 

This  Chinese  species  was  first  collected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  in  whose 
honour  the  vine  is  named. 

A  trailing  subject  with  prettily  variegated  leaves  of  five  lance-shaped 
leaflets  and  serrate  margins  :  the  variegation  silvery  white  lines  margined 
with  pink  along  the  principal  veins,  the  interspaces  of  the  darkest  green. 

It  was  introduced  by  Wilson. 

VITIS  INCONSTANS,  Miq. 

Syns.  Ampelopsis  tricuspidata,  Sieb.  &  Zucc.  ;  A.  Veitchii,  Horfc. 

Masters  in  Gard.   Chron.   1869,  p.  838 ;  Lynch  in  Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  xiv.  p.  664, 
fig. ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1877,  vol.  xxvii.  p.  224. 

Introduced  to  Europe  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  and 
distributed  under  the  provisional  name  of  Ampelopsis  Veitchii. 

It  is  believed  to  have  been  previously  sent  by  Oldham  to  the  Royal 
Gardens,  Kew,  and  is  stated  to  have  been  known  in  the  United  States 
of  America  prior  to  cultivation  in  Great  Britain. 

Scarcely  any  other  climber  has  attained  so  great  a  popularity,  and  no 
climber  requires  so  little  attention  when  once  planted.  It  withstands  the 
hot,  dry,  smoky  atmosphere  of  towns  with  impunity,  and  in  autumn  the 
foliage  assumes  a  brilliant  tint  of  crimson  quite  unequalled  in  the  plant 
kingdom. 

VITIS   LEEOIDES,   Maxim. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  395,  figs.  95,  96. 

A  pinnate-leaved  vine,  the  leaves  in  five  leaflets  resembling  those  of  the 
allied  genus,  Leea,  introduced  from  Central  China. 

A  handsome  species,  the  under  surface  of  the  foliage  coloured  bright 
claret-purple,  a  striking  contrast  to  the  glaucous-green  hue  of  the  upper 
half. 

VITIS   MEGALOPHYLLA,  Diets  &  Gilg. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  395,  figs.  86,  97. 

The  most  remarkable  of  all  Chinese  species  of  Vitis,  with  pinnate  or 
bipinnate  leaves  2  to  3  ft.  across,  resembling  individually  those  produced 
by  some  Araliads  or  Kcelreuteria  paniculata,  dark  green  on  the  upper  sur- 
face, pale  glaucous-green  beneath,  glabrous  in  all  parts.  The  stems 
of  the  same  glaucous-green  hue  as  the  under  surface  of  the  leaves,  and  of 
rapid  growth,  attain  a  height  of  8  to  10  ft.  in  a  season. 

384 


TREES    AND   SHRUBS— DECIDUOUS 

One  of  the  most  handsome  climbing  plants,  of  light  and  graceful 
appearance,  a  valuable  addition  to  pergola  and  pillar  plants,  hardy  in  the 
British  Isles. 

VITIS   OBTECTA,    Watt. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  395. 

A  compound-leaved  species  from  China  through  Wilson  with  digitate 
leaves  resembling  in  appearance  those  of  a  miniature  horse-chestnut ;  the 
terminal  leaflet,  the  largest,  measures  from  4  to  5  in.  in  length,  the 
smallest  about  2|  in.,  oblanceolate  in  outline  terminated  by  an  acuminate 
point. 

VITIS  EEPENS,    W.  &  A. 

A  native  of  India,  first  made  known  to  science  from  specimens  collected 
in  that  country.  Introduced  from  Central  China  through  Wilson,  who 
sent  seed  in  1901,  and  of  little  interest. 

The  leaves  of  the  species  are  dark  green,  sometimes  slightly  trilobed 
with  bidentate  margins  and  red  petioles. 

The  specific  name  repens  appears  to  have  been  given  in  allusion  to  the 
rambling  habit  of  growth  characterizing  the  species. 

VITIS   SINENSIS,   Diels  &  Gilg. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1904,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  396,  fig.  99. 

A  species  with  very  variable  leaves,  those  at  the  base  usually  simple, 
broadly  ovate  in  outline,  more  or  less  trifid ;  later  more  lobed,  they 
become  at  about  5  ft.  from  the  ground  deeply  cut  into  three  or  five 
distinct  leaflets;  the  figure  in  the  Journal  of  the  Koyal  Horticultural 
Society  (Z.c.  supra)  shows  the  two  extreme  forms  of  leaf-variation. 

It  was  exhibited  for  the  first  time  before  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society 
on  September  1st,  1903. 

VITIS  THOMSONI,  If.  Laws. 

The  Garden,  1903,  vol.  Ixiv.  p.   203,   fig.  ;    Jour.    E.H.S.   1904,   vol.   xxviii.   p.   396, 
figs.  85,  100 ;  Veitchs'  List  of  Novelties,  1904,  p.  4,  fig. 

A  graceful  vine  with  purple  leaves  and  stems,  the  former  digitately 
compound,  composed  of  five  small  leaflets,  the  terminal,  measuring  3|  in. 
in  length  by  1  in.  in  breadth,  the  largest. 

When  first  produced  of  a  bright  claret-purple,  ultimately  suffused  on 
the  upper  surface  with  green  as  the  plant  matures,  but  on  the  under 
the  purple  hue  retained  all  through  the  summer,  glistens  with  a  metallic 
lustre. 

As  an  ornamental  species  perhaps  one  of  the  best  of  the  Chinese  vines 
and  certain  to  become  popular. 

385 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

VITIS  TOMENTOSA,  Planch. 

A  Chinese  species  with  cordate  leaves,  sometimes  slightly  trilobed, 
resembling  those  of  the  common  vine  (Vitis  vinifera). 

The  young  wood,  petioles,  the  upper  and  under  surface  of  the  leaf 
are  covered  with  soft  hair. 

ZELKOVA  ACUMINATA,   Planch. 

Syns.  Z.  Keaki,  Maxim.  ;  Planera  acuminata,  Lindl. 

Nicholson  in  Woods  and  Forests,  1884,  p.   176,  figs.  ;    Lindl.  in   Gard.   Chron.   1862. 

p.  428. 

A  handsome  deciduous  tree  discovered  near  Yeddo,  Japan,  by  the  late 
John  Gould  Veitch,  through  whom  it  was  introduced  to  this  country. 

In  the  native  habitat  a  tree  90  to  100  ft.  in  height,  with  a  straight 
stem,  not  unlike  an  elm. 

The  very  valuable  timber  used  by  the  Japanese  in  the  construction  of 
houses,  ships,  and  the  best  kind  of  cabinet  work,  is  hard  and  takes  a  fine 
polish  ;  the  gnarled  stems  and  roots  are  used  for  the  best  kinds  of  lacquer 
work.  So  far  in  this  country  the  tree  has  not  become  common,  and 
specimens  are  of  comparatively  small  dimensions,  but  the  light  graceful 
foliage,  most  pronounced  in  early  spring,  should  commend  the  species  to 
a  wide  class  of  planters. 


386 


TREES   AND    SHRUBS 
EVERGREEN    AND     CLIMBING 

PLANTS 


TREES    AND     SHRUBS— EVERGREEN    AND 
CLIMBING    PLANTS 


ABELIA    SPATHULATA,   Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6601. 

A  beautiful  free-flowering  hardy  shrub  introduced  from  Japan  through 
Charles  Maries. 

The  flowers  in  pairs,  white  with  a  yellow  throat,  are  subtended  by  a  rosy 
calyx  of  four  or  five  spreading  lobes. 

AEUNDINAEIA    NITIDA,  Mitford. 

Syns.  A.  Khasiana,  Hort.  (non  Munro). 
Gard.  Chron.  1898,  vol.  xxir.  p.  211,  fig. ;  Mitford  in  The  Bamboo  Garden,  p.  73,  fig. 

Eaised  at  Coombe  from  seed  received  in  1889  from  Dr.  Eegel,  at  that 
time  Director  of  the  Botanic  Gardens,  St.  Petersburg. 

It  is  described  in  The  Bamboo  Garden  (I.e.  supra)  as  "By  far  the 
daintiest  and  most  attractive  of  all  its  genus,"  and  the  tale  is : — 

"The  story  of  this  lovely  species  is  somewhat  curious.  When  the 
Bamboo  Garden  was  being  formed  at  Kew,  Mr.  Bean  came  across  it  in 
Messrs.  Veitchs'  nursery  at  Coombe  Wood,  where  it  was  then  named 
Bambusa  nigra.  ...  At  that  time  the  only  Arundinaria  known  to  have 
black  stems  was  the  Himalayan  A.  Khasiana,  and  with  this  species  the 
plant  now  under  notice  was  conjecturally  identified.  As  A.  Khasiana, 
accordingly,  it  was  described  by  Mr.  Bean  in  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle 
and  by  myself  in  The  Garden.  Attention,  however,  was  called  to  the 
subject  by  Mr.  Gamble's  monograph  of  the  Bambuseae  of  British  India, 
from  which  it  is  clear  that  this  Arundinaria  agrees  only  in  its  purple-black 
stems  with  A.  Khasiana,  and,  moreover,  that  there  is  not  among  the 
Bambuseae  of  the  Himalayas  any  known  plant  corresponding  with  it." 

Further  inquiry  showed  that  the  seed  received  from  Dr.  Eegel  had 
been  collected  in  North  Szechuan  by  the  Eussian,  Potanin,  and  a  new 
name  required,  nitida  was  chosen  as  appropriate  to  its  brilliancy  and 
beauty ;  an  unusually  graceful  species. 

AEUNDINAEIA    VEITCHII,   N.  E.  Brown. 

Syns.  Bamlusa  Veitchii,  Carriere;  B.  allo-inarginata,  Hort. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1889,  vol.  v.  p.  521;  Mitford  in  The  Bamboo  Garden, 

p.  77,  fig. 

A  dwarf-growing   species    from   Japan,    some  2  ft.  high,    with   leaves 

389  c  c 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

7   in.   long   by   2£   in.    broad,    green    on    the    upper    surface,    glaucous 
beneath. 

The  edges  wither  and  turn  white  in  autumn,  the  plant  assuming  a 
half -dead  appearance  during  the  winter  months.  The  thick  new  foliage 
of  the  spring  is  robust,  and  for  ousting  weeds  and  noxious  rubbish  this 
Bamboo  is  very  valuable. 

AZARA    MICROPHYLLA,   Hook.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1874,  vol.  i.  p.  81,  fig. ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1874,  p.  3,  fig. 

A  neat  evergreen  shrub,  a  native  of  Valdivia,  introduced  through 
Richard  Pearce. 

From  the  distichous  arrangement  of  the  shoots,  the  branches  spread  in 
one  plane ;  the  small,  dark,  shining  green  leaves  in  pairs,  one  of  each  pair 
darker  than  the  other  and  slightly  different  in  form. 

The  flowers  small,  inconspicuous,  numerous,  with  a  vanilla-like  fragrance, 
are  succeeded  by  bright  red  ornamental  fruit. 

In  the  West  of  England  Azara  microphylla  forms  a  small  tree  20  to  30  ft. 
high,  with  neat  shining  evergreen  foliage. 

BALBISIA    VERTICILLATA,    Cav. 

Syns.  Cruckshanksia  cistiflora,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6170. 

Balbisia  verticillata  is  a  half-hardy  evergreen  shrub,  with  yellow  flowers 
resembling  a  Cistus  or  an  ,ZEnothera,  introduced  to  this  country  for  the 
first  time  by  the  Horticultural  Society  in  1825,  and  subsequently  lost ;  it 
was  later  sent  to  the  Veitchian  house,  and  flowered  in  September  1875. 

Like  other  plants  that  love  a  cool,  dry  atmosphere,  B.  verticillata, 
difficult  to  cultivate,  is  liable  to  damp  in  a  long  wet  winter. 

It  has  a  wide  range  in  Chili  and  Peru,  and  is  known  to  the  natives  of 
the  country  as  the  Flore  de  San  Jose. 

BERBERIDOPSIS    CORALLINA,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5343. 

This  charming  evergreen  shrub,  a  native  of  the  Valdivian  forests, 
introduced  to  this  country  through  Pearce,  is  not  only  a  beautiful  plant, 
but  botanically  one  of  the  most  interesting,  as  it  connects  the  two 
natural  orders  Berberidese  and  Lardizabalse  united  by  Bentham  and 
Hooker  in  the  Genera  Plantarum  previous  to  its  discovery — a  link  which 
proved  the  theory  correct. 

It  is  not  a  little  remarkable  that  such  a  striking  plant  should  have 
remained  so  long  unknown. 

The  deep  coral-red  flowers,  from  which  the  plant  takes  its  name,  are 

390 


TREES  AND  SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

on  slender  deep-red  pedicels,  usually  in  pairs,  in  the  axils  of  the  upper 
leaves  arranged  in  drooping  terminal  racemes,  of  a  thick  consistence  with 
a  shining  surface. 

Unfortunately  not  perfectly  hardy,  there  are  in  the  south-west  corner  of 
England  fine  examples  growing  in  the  open. 

BEEBEEIS    ACUMINATA,  Franch. 

Plantae  Delavayanse,  t.  38. 

This  fine  evergreen  species  was  first  made  known  through  Pere  Delavay, 
who  collected  it  in  Central  China  in  1882. 

In  1900  seeds  were  sent  from  the  same  locality,  and  plants  raised 
flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  in  1904. 

The  foliage  is  distinct  and  handsome,  5  to  6  in.  long,  narrow,  lanceolate, 
acuminate,  with  spiny  margins  :  the  young  wood  bright  red. 

The  flowers  in  the  axils  of  the  uppermost  leaves  are  large  for  a 
Berberis,  creamy  yellow  in  colour,  on  slender  peduncles. 

BEEBEEIS  CONGESTIPLOEA,  Gay,  var.  HAKEOIDES,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6770 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxix.  p.  295,  fig. 

This  striking  plant  is  quite  unlike  any  other  Barberry  in  cultivation. 

It  forms  a  large  bush  of  decurved  branches  loaded  with  globose 
masses  of  yellow  flower,  sessile  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves  and  along  the 
leafless  terminations  of  the  branches. 

It  was  introduced  from  the  Cordillera  of  Chile  through  Eichard  Pearce 
in  1861,  and  flowers  annually  at  Coombe  Wood. 

BEEBEEIS    DAEWINII,   Hook. 

Moore  in  Gard.  Mag.  Bot.  1851,  p.  129,  fig.  ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  1851,  t.  4-6;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  4590 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  vii.  p.  47 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1851,  p.  167 ;  id.  1884, 
vol.  xxi.  p.  452. 

First  discovered  by  the  celebrated  Charles  Darwin,  and  named  in 
compliment  to  him. 

Probably  the  best  known,  if  not  the  most  beautiful,  of  all  the  species  of 
Berberis  at  present  in  cultivation,  introduced  by  William  Lobb  in  1849 
from  Chiloe,  an  island  off  the  south  coast  of  Chili. 

The  neat  glossy  foliage  and  rich  golden-yellow  flowers  beautifully  tinged 
with  red  are  borne  in  dense  profusion  in  early  spring.  A  writer  in  the 
Gardeners'  Chronicle  (I.e.  supra)  states  : — "  If  Messrs.  Veitch  had  done 
nothing  else  towards  beautifying  our  gardens,  the  introduction  of  this 
single  species  would  be  enough  to  earn  the  gratitude  of  the  whole 
gardening  world." 

It  is  further  interesting  as  one  of  the  parents  of  B.  x  stenophylla,  a 
very  widely  grown  garden  hybrid. 

391 


BEEBEEIS    WALLICHIANA,   DC. 

Syns.  B.  Jainesoni,  Hort.  (non  Lindl.). 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4656 ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  vol.  i.  pp.  12  and  79,  fig. 

Originally  detected  in  Nepal  by  Dr.  Wallich,  after  whom  it  is  named, 
and  sent  for  cultivation  through  Thomas  Lobb,  and  shortly  afterwards  by 
Dr.  Hooker,  from  the  Eastern  Himalaya. 


CAMELLIA    GEIJSII,   Hance. 

A  Camellia  closely  allied  to  the  attractive  little  Japanese  species, 
C.  Sasanqua,  inhabiting  the  glens  and  gorges  of  the  Yangtsze  and  its 
chief  tributaries  at  elevations  of  1,000-2,000  ft. 

An  attractive  shrub,  seldom  exceeding  5  ft.  in  height,  with  neat 
lanceolate-acuminate  shining  leaves  and  ivory-white  flowers  1  to  1|  in. 
in  diameter,  produced  abundantly  in  the  early  spring,  and  at  intervals 
till  late  in  autumn. 

Introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson  from  Central  China  in  1901. 


CAMELLIA   SASANQUA,  Thunb. 

The  Garden,  1893,  vol.  xliv.  p.  328,  pi.  930  ;  Bot.  Mag.  i.  5152. 

There  are  several  forms  of  this  beautiful  Camellia  in  a  wild  state,  and 
numerous  garden  varieties. 

Long  known  in  gardens,  having  been  introduced  by  the  East  India 
Company  in  the  early  part  of  the  18th  century,  it  appears  to  have  been 
subsequently  lost  to  British  horticulture  till  re-introduced  from  Japan 
through  Charles  Maries. 


CARYOPTERIS   MASTACANTHUS,  Schaucr. 

Syns.  Nepeta  incana,  Thuub. 

The  Garden,  1883,  vol.  xxiv.  p.  523,  with  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6799;  Gard.  Chron.  1884, 
vol.  xxi.  p.  148,  fig.  30 ;  Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  1846,  t.  2  ;  La  Belg.  Hort.  1893,  p.  273, 
col.  pi. 

Caryopteris  Mastacanthus  was  first  sent  to  this  country  by  Fortune 
who  found  it  wild  near  Canton. 

First  cultivated  as  a  greenhouse  plant,  it  was  discarded  for  more  showy 
occupants,  and  not  being  perfectly  hardy  was  ultimately  lost  to  cultiva- 
tion. 

For  its  re-introduction  we  are  indebted  to  Charles  Maries,  who  sent 
seed  from  China. 

392 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

CASTANOPSIS  CHEYSOPHYLLA,  A.  DC. 

Syns.  Castanea  cJirysophylla,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,   vol.  xxii.  p.   411,  fig.   120;  id.  1904,   vol.  xxxvi.  p.   152,  fig.  59; 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4953. 

A  representative  of  a  most  remarkable  genus,  intermediate  in  character 
between  the  oak  and  the  chestnut,  the  "  Golden-Leaved  Chestnut."  The 
name  in  allusion  to  the  bright  golden-yellow  colour  of  the  under  surface 
of  the  leaves,  the  upper  bright  lustrous  green ;  as  the  branches  move 
to  the  wind,  the  contrast  presented  by  the  two  surfaces  is  singularly 
conspicuous. 

A  native  of  Oregon,  a  small  tree,  of  a  shrubby  nature,  found  at  high 
elevations  on  the  Californian  coast  range  south  of  the  Bay  of  San 
Francisco.  It  attains  full  size  and  beauty  in  the  humid  climate  of  the 
coast  valleys  of  Northern  California,  and  is  one  of  the  noblest  of  the 
forest  inhabitants,  reaching  a  height  of  100  to  150  ft.,  frequently  free 
of  branches  up  to  80  ft.  above  ground.  Seed  sent  from  California  by 
William  Lobb,  probably  about  the  year  1853,  from  which  plants  were 
raised.  The  finest  specimen  in  this  country  is  at  Tortworth  Court, 
Gloucestershire,  the  seat  of  Earl  Ducie,  which  bears  fruit  freely  every 
year,  and  from  which  plants  have  been  raised. 

There  is  also  a  good  specimen  in  the  gardens  at  Pencarrow,  Cornwall. 


CEANOTHUS   FLOEIBUNDUS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4806 ;  Watson,  Gray  and  Brewer,  Botany  of  California,  vol.  i.  p.  104. 

A  handsome  and  interesting  hardy  species  raised  from  seed  sent  from 
California  by  William  Lobb. 

In  Botany  of  California  (I.e.  supra)  is  written:  "This  species  is  as 
yet  known  only  from  the  figure  and  original  description  drawn  from 
cultivated  specimens.  But  for  the  peculiar  inflorescence  it  might  be  a 
form  of  Ceanothus  dentatus." 

The  flowers  are  of  the  richest  mazarine-blue  that  can  be  imagined, 
in  numerous  capitate  globose  corymbs,  crowded  at  the  extremity  of 
numerous  short  stubby  branches. 

CEANOTHUS   LOBBIANUS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4810 ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1854-1855,  torn.  x.  p.  125. 

This  Californian  species,  introduced  to  Exeter  by  William  Lobb,  has 
many  points  in  common  with  Ceanothus  thyrsiflorus,  and  is  possibly  a 
hybrid  form  of  that  species. 

393 


CEANOTHUS  OEEGANUS,  Nutt.  MSS. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5177. 

This  species  was  first  detected  by  Douglas  in  the  woods  of  Oregon, 
frequent  from  the  Blue  Mountains  to  the  sea,  and  was  also  found  by 
Nuttall  and  Tolmie  ;  introduced  to  this  country  through  William  Lobb 
from  the  same  locality;  the  flowers  white,  in  copious  lateral  panicles 
during  the  month  of  May.  The  plant  is  now  rarely  seen. 


GEANOTHUS  PAPILLOSUS,  Torr.  &  Gray. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4815. 

One  of  the  discoveries  of  David  Douglas,  for  the  Horticultural  Society 
of  London,  though  not  introduced  to  this  country  until  William  Lobb 
sent  seed  to  Exeter,  from  which  plants  raised  flowered  in  an  open  border 
for  the  first  time  in  June  1854. 


CEANOTHUS   VEITCHIANUS,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5127;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  iii.  2nd  ser.  1858,  p.  171;  Sargent,  Silva  of 
North  America,  vol.  ii.  p.  43. 

A  magnificent  hardy  shrub  introduced  from  California  through  William 
Lobb,  and  generally  the  most  successful  of  the  genus. 

Though  closely  allied  to  Ceanothus  floribundus,  C.  papillosus,  and  C. 
Lobbianus,  it  is  distinguished  by  its  foliage,  and  surpasses  these  in  an 
abundance  of  bright  mazarine-blue  flowers,  and  a  glossy,  almost  varnished, 
leaf -surf  ace. 

C.  thyrsiflorus  shows  a  tendency  to  cross  with  other  species  and 
produce  natural  hybrids  ;  several  had  been  suspected,  and  Dr.  Parry, 
who  long  studied  the  Californian  Ceanothus  in  the  field,  reached  the 
conclusion  that  C.  Lobbianus  and  C.  Veitchianus  are  hybrids  of  this 
species. 

CEANOTHUS  VELUTINUS,  Douglas. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5165. 

This  species  was  first  found  on  the  Eocky  Mountains,  at  considerable 
elevations,  by  David  Douglas,  but  not  introduced  to  cultivation  until  sent 
home  by  William  Lobb. 

A  white-flowered  shrub  with  singularly  dark-green  leaves,  glossy  from 
an  aromatic  resin  exuded  in  hot  weather,  the  under  side  velvety  with  a 
whitish  down. 

394 


CEANOTHUS     VEITCHIANUS 

BICTON,      DEVON 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

CLEMATIS   AEMANDI,  Franch. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  58,  fig.  14;  Gard.   Chron.   1905,  vol.   xxxviii.  p.  30, 

suppl.  ill  ii s. 

An  evergreen  species  of  Clematis  allied  to  C.  Meyeniana,  and  by  some 
botanists  considered  only  a  form. 

A  native  of  Central  and  Western  China,  frequently  met  with  at  altitudes 
above  3,000  ft.  on  open  scrub-clad  mountains. 

The  flowers  pure  white,  often  rosy-pink  at  the  back,  2  in.  in  diam.,  are 
in  dense  axillary  clusters,  the  trifoliate  evergreen  leaves  of  leathery 
texture.  Plants,  from  seed  sent  from  Central  China,  flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  this  country  at  Coombe  Wood  in  April  1905. 


CLEYEEA  FOETUNEI,  Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Eurya  latifolia,  Hort.,  var.  variegata. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7434;  Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  398  (advt.). 

A  handsome  Japanese  shrub,  introduced  to  this  country  through  the 
late  John  Gould  Veitch,  and  about  the  same  time  by  Fortune. 

It  is  half-hardy  except  in  favoured  localities,  remarkable  for  the  great 
beauty  of  the  bright  green  leaves,  variegated  with  golden-yellow,  scarlet 
towards  the  margin. 

The  plant  long  in  cultivation  under  the  name  of  Eurya,  till  specimens 
ultimately  flowered  which  proved  it  to  be  a  species  of  Cleyera. 


COTONEASTEE  APPLANATA,  Duthie. 

An  important  addition  to  a  genus  of  useful  garden  shrubs,  raised  from 
seed  collected  in  Central  China  in  1900.  The  branches  have  a  tendency 
to  grow  at  right  angles  to  the  erect  main  stem  in  one  plane  only,  and 
the  plant  is  naturally  adapted  for  growing  on  trellises  or  against  a  wall, 
and  in  such  situations  the  neat  dark-green  foliage,  and  in  autumn  the 
brilliant  scarlet  berries,  are  particularly  effective.  The  leaves  small,  heart- 
shaped,  I  in.  long  by  \  in.  broad,  dark  green  above,  covered  beneath 
with  a  white  tomentum. 


COTONEASTEE  BULLATA,  Duthie. 

This  fine  Cotoneaster,  a  new  species  raised  from  seed  collected  in 
Central  China  in  1900,  has  leaves  dark  green  on  the  upper  surface,  paler 
beneath,  slightly  tomentose  along  the  midrib  and  principal  veins;  they 
measure  2  in.  long  by  lj  in.  broad,  the  margins  entire,  the  surface  bullate, 
suggesting  the  specific  name. 

395 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

COTONEASTEE  HUMIFUSA,  Duthie. 

A  dense-growing  creeping  species,  introduced  from  Central  China 
through  Wilson,  the  leaves  dark  green  above,  pale  and  slightly  tomentose 
on  the  under  surface,  1  in.  long  by  f  in.  broad. 

The  long  shoots  run  over  the  ground  as  a  carpet  of  bright  green  foliage, 
in  autumn  studded  with  vivid  scarlet  fruit. 

The  habit  of  this  plant  is  admirably  adapted  for  covering  banks  or 
rockeries. 

DESFONTAINEA   SPINOSA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  564  (Notice  of  New  Plants) ;  id.  1854,  p.  287 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4781 ; 
Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix.  p.  207. 

An  evergreen  shrub  with  glossy  holly-like  leaves  and  tubular  flowers 
often  2  in.  long,  bright  scarlet,  tipped  with  yellow. 

Unfortunately  not  hardy  in  all  localities,  it  is  worth  growing  as  a  pot 
plant,  if  protected  during  winter  and  plunged  in  borders  to  flower  in 
the  summer  months. 

The  plant  was  long  a  puzzle  to  systematic  botanists,  who  differed  in 
their  opinion  as  to  its  affinities  and  the  exact  position  in  the  Natural 
System,  but  it  was  finally  placed  in  Loganiacese,  a  family  of  which  the 
Buddleia  is  a  familiar  example. 

Desfontainea  spinosa  was  introduced  to  gardens  through  William 
Lobb,  who  sent  plants  to  Exeter,  where  it  flowered  for  the  first  time  in 
August  1853. 

ELJE AGNUS  MACEOPHYLLA,  Thunb. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7638. 

A  handsome  species,  the  largest-leaved  in  the  genus,  with  the  young 
wood,  leaves,  flowers,  and  fruits,  the  latter  bright  red  in  colour,  and  very 
ornamental,  covered  with  the  characteristic  lepidote  scales. 

It  was  introduced  from  Japan  to  Coombe  Wood  by  Charles  Maries,  in 
1879,  and  is  perfectly  hardy. 

EMBOTHEIUM   COCCINEUM,  Forst. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  564  (Notice  of  New  Plants)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4856;  Fl.  des  Serres, 
1858,  torn.  iii.  2nd  ser.  p.  37  ;  The  Florist,  1858,  vol.  xi.  n.s.  pi.  135 ;  The  Garden, 
1876,  vol.  x.  p.  566;  pi.  li. 

A  handsome  evergreen  shrub  with  racemes  of  the  richest  scarlet 
in  profusion  at  the  end  of  April  and  the  beginning  of  May,  justifying 
the  popular  appellation  of  "  Flame  Bush." 

Like  other  South  American  shrubs  not  perfectly  hardy  in  all  parts  of 
this  country,  it  succeeds  admirably  in  South  Devon,  Cornwall,  and 
Ireland. 

Interesting  as  a  member  of  the  order  Proteaceae,  an  order  representative 

39G 


TREES  AND  SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

of  Australian  plants,  formerly  much  cultivated  in  glasshouses  in  this 
country,  although  seldom  seen  in  beds  or  borders. 

Embothrium  coccineum  is  a  native  of  the  Straits  of  Magellan  and 
Tierra  del  Fuego,  introduced  through  William  Lobb,  and  later  by  Pearce. 
There  are  two  forms,  one  having  much  brighter-coloured  flowers  than 
the  other. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  Exeter  in  May  1853. 


ENKIANTHUS   CAMPANULATUS,  Nichols. 

Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  vol.  i.  p.  510;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7059. 

A  native  of  the  northern  part  of  Japan,  frequently  collected,  though  in 
the  more  southern  provinces  only  known  in  cultivation,  a  pretty,  quite 
hardy  ericaceous  shrub  bearing  in  abundance  in  the  spring  of  the  year 
small  bell- shaped  ochreous-red  flowers. 

Charles  Maries  sent  it  to  English  gardens. 

ESCALLONIA  x  LANGLEYENSIS,  Hart.  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  p.  17,  fig.  p.  15 ;  id.  1898,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  11,  fig.  4. 

A  valuable  hybrid  raised  by  Seden  at  Langley  by  crossing  Escallonia 
Philippiana  with  the  pollen  of  the  dark  variety  of  E.  macrantha  known 
in  gardens  as  sanguined.  Perfectly  hardy,  of  semi-scandent  habit, 
in  many  respects  intermediate  between  the  two  parents ;  the  slender 
elongated  branches  furnished  with  small  oval  leaves  of  a  dark  lustrous 
green,  produce  along  their  whole  length  numerous  erect  branchlets,  each 
with  four  to  seven  bright  rose-carmine  flowers. 

ESCALLONIA   MACEANTHA,  Hook.  &  Arn. 

Bot,  Mag.  t.  4473  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  371  (Report  of  Exhibition)  ;  Fl.  des  Serres, 

1850,  p.  305. 

First  made  known  by  Mr.  Cuming,  and  shortly  afterwards  introduced 
in  a  living  state  through  William  Lobb,  from  Chiloe,  it  flowered  in  1848, 
and,  exhibited  at  the  Garden  Exhibition  of  the  Horticultural  Society 
held  in  July  of  that  year,  is  now  one  of  the  most  generally  planted  of  the 
genus. 

As  a  subject  for  sea-side  planting,  few  shrubs  are  more  charming  or 
useful,  combining  beautiful  glossy  foliage  with  a  profusion  of  rose-carmine 
flowers  in  early  spring,  and  a  dense  habit  of  growth  ;  a  valuable  subject 
for  hedge-work  in  warmer  spots. 

Along  the  Cornish  coast  it  may  be  seen  in  quantity,  and  the  flowers 
are  sold  in  the  streets  of  watering-places. 

397 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

ESCALLONIA   MONTANA,  Philippi. 

Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  947. 

This  plant  introduced  from  the  mountains  of  Valdivia  through  Eichard 
Pearce,  first  flowered  in  1873. 

The  species  closely  allied  to  Escallonia  rubra,  has  reddish  blossoms  and 
is  not  quite  hardy,  except  in  favoured  localities. 

ESCALLONIA   OEGANENSIS,  Gardn. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4274. 

This  species  first  detected  by  Gardner,  William  Lobb  sent  seed  about 
the  same  time  from  the  Organ  Mountains  to  Exeter,  from  which  plants 
raised  flowered  during  the  summer  of  1846. 

The  blooms  of  a  deep  rose  colour,  the  midrib  and  margins  of  the  leaves 
tinted  red. 

ESCALLONIA   PHILIPPIANA,  Mast. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  947  ;  id.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  109,  fig. ;  Bean  in  Gard.  Chron. 

1893,  vol.  xiv.  p.  60. 

This,  one  of  the  most  distinct  and  the  hardiest  of  all  Escallonias  in 
cultivation,  was  introduced  from  Valdivia  through  Eichard  Pearce,  and 
first  flowered  in  July  1873. 

The  pure  white  flowers,  in  dense  profusion  during  the  summer  months, 
give  the  plant  the  appearance  of  some  of  the  Spiraeas. 

It  is  further  interesting  as  one  of  the  parents  of  E.  x  langleyensis, 
a  really  valuable  cross. 

ESCALLONIA   PTEEOCLADON,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1855,  p.  36,  with  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4827. 

A  small  hardy  shrub,  with  leaves  like  a  small-leaved  myrtle,  and 
pretty  Epacris-like  flowers,  white  tinged  with  red,  which  grows  to  a 
height  of  some  4  to  5  ft. ;  an  abundant,  fragrant  bloomer. 

The  specific  name  is  in  allusion  to  the  wings  which  clothe  the  young 
stems,  but  which  in  a  measure  peel  off  and  disappear  as  the  plant 
ages. 

It  is  a  native  of  Western  Patagonia,  first  detected  by  William  Lobb, 
who  sent  plants  to  Exeter  which  flowered  in  July  1854,  on  which  occasion 
it  was  exhibited  at  one  of  the  Horticultural  Society's  exhibitions  held  at 
Chiswick. 

EUCEYPHIA    COEDIFOLIA,  Cav. 

Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  pp.  246,  247,  fig. 

This  species  flowered,  probably  for  the  first  time  in  Europe,  at  Coombe 

398 


J 


TREES    AND   SHRUBS—EVERGREEN 

Wood  during  the  summer  of  1897,  and  from  material  supplied  from  that 
source  the  figure  in  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle  (I.e.  supra]  was  prepared. 

A  native  of  Chili,  attaining  a  height  of  30  ft.  or  more,  the  dark 
persistent  foliage  sets  off  to  advantage  the  snowy  white  flowers :  not  so 
hardy  as  the  beautiful  Eucryphia  pinnatifolia,  except  in  southern  or  south- 
western counties  a  sheltered  position  is  required. 


EUCEYPHIA   PINNATIFOLIA,  Gay. 

Gard.  Chron.  1880,  vol.  i.  p.  337;  The  Garden,  vol.  xii.  p.  544,  col.   pi.  ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  7067  ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  i.  p.  73,  fig.  p.  41. 

An  exceptionally  fine  and  most  interesting  shrub  or  small  tree  from 
Chili,  very  locally  distributed,  confined,  as  far  as  at  present  known,  to  the 
Cordillera  of  Concepcion,  where  it  forms  a  small  tree  about  10  ft.  high, 
called  "  Nirhe  "  by  the  people. 

The  flowers  in  August,  produced  in  immense  quantities,  are  pure  white, 
and  in  shape  and  set  of  the  stamens  similar  to  the  ordinary  St.  John's 
Wort  or  a  Stuartia. 

The  stamens  are  numerous,  with  long  filaments  tipped  with  golden- 
yellow  anthers,  red  when  the  flower  first  expands,  a  contrast  to  the  pure 
white  perianth ;  they  persist  after  the  petals  have  fallen,  and  in  them- 
selves are  very  ornamental. 

It  will  always  remain  a  very  choice  shrub  in  this  country  on  account  of 
the  difficulty  of  propagation  and  an  intense  objection  to  transplanting, 
but  when  once  established  no  further  attention  is  required. 


EUONYMUS   BADICANS,  Sieb.  &  Zucc.,  FOLIIS  VARIEGATIS. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  398  (advt.). 

A  very  pretty  little  shrub  from  Japan,  of  neat  habit,  small  ovate  leaves 
of  a  bright  green,  blotched  and  margined  with  silvery  white. 

FAGUS   OBLIQUA,  Mirb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1849,  p.  563  (Notice  of  Novelties  for  the  year  1849). 

A  handsome  evergreen  beech  of  great  beauty  growing  from  30  to  40  ft. 
in  height,  and  inhabiting  Chili  and  Patagonia,  whence  it  was  introduced 
by  William  Lobb. 

It  is  one  of  the  Bobles  of  the  Chilenos,  and  is  of  value  for  a  very 
solid,  close-grained,  heavy  wood. 

According  to  Sir  Joseph  Hooker,  it  occupies  only  the  lower  elevations  of 
the  mountains,  and  so  cannot  be  perfectly  hardy. 

399 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

GAULTHEEIA   FEEEUGINEA,  Cham.  &  Schlecht. 

Syns.  Andromeda  hirsuta,  Arrab. 
Gard.  Chron.  1844,  p.  38  (Report  of  Horticultiiral  Society's  Show) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4697. 

A  half-hardy  evergreen  shrub  from  the  Organ  Mountains,  Brazil, 
through  William  Lobb,  exhibited  in  flower  for  the  first  time  before  the 
Horticultural  Society  in  January  1844. 

The  figure  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  (I.e.  supra)  was  prepared  from 
plants  raised  at  the  Comely  Bank  Nursery,  'Edinburgh,  in  1852,  from  seed 
collected  by  Gardner  in  the  same  locality  as  Lobb. 

It  is  a  handsome  plant  with  urn-shaped  drooping  rose-pink  flowers 
in  short  racemes  from  the  axil  of  the  leaf. 

HAPLOPAPUS    SPINULOSUS,  Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6302. 

This  low  bushy  sub-shrub,  with  pinnatifid  spiny  leaves  and  numerous 
bright  yellow  composite  flowers  which  open  late  in  the  year,  native  of 
the  prairies  which  border  the  Eocky  Mountains,  from  the  boundary  of 
the  British  possessions  as  far  south  as  New  Mexico. 

It  was  raised  from  seed  and  first  flowered  in  August  1874. 

HYMENANTHEKA    CEASSIFOLIA,  Hook.  f. 

Card.  Chron.  1875,  vol.  iii.  p.  237;  id.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  411,  fig.  reproduced;  Veitchs' 
Catlg.  of  PI.  1877,  p.  14,  fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1877,  vol.  xi.  p.  145,  fig. 

A  hardy  evergreen  shrub  of  the  violet  family,  with  small  inconspicuous 
blossoms,  succeeded  by  pure  white  berries  ;  an  interesting  subject  during 
the  autumn  months,  raised  from  seed  sent  by  a  correspondent  from  New 
Zealand,  still  rare  in  cultivation. 

There  is  an  especially  good  specimen  on  a  wall  in  the  Botanic  Gardens 
at  Cambridge  and  one  at  Coombe. 

HYPEEICUM    HOOKEEIANUM,  Wight  &  Am. 

Syns.  H.  oblongifolium,  Hook.- 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4949. 

A  native  of  Northern  India,  Nepal,  and  the  Himalayas,  at  elevations  of 
6,000-12,000  ft.,  found  on  the  hills  about  Mufflong,  Assam,  by  Thomas 
Lobb,  through  whom  it  was  introduced. 

It  forms  a  neat  bush  with  evergreen  leaves  and  large  rich  yellow 
flowers,  unfortunately  not  perfectly  hardy  in  all  localities. 

ILEX    PEENYI,  Franch. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  59. 

A  species  named  after  Pere  Paul  Perny,  a  French  Jesuit  missionary ; 
a  discovery  during  his  travels  in  China  between  the  years  1850  and  1860. 

400         • 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

A  dense-growing  species  with  small  spiny  leaves  and  red  berries, 
probably  allied  to  Ilex  cornuta. 

Eaised  from  seeds  collected  in  China  by  Wilson,  it  has  proved  perfectly 
hardy  at  Coombe  Wood,  and  of  very  dwarf  compact  habit. 

JASMINUM   PRIMULINUM,  Hemsl, 

Hooker's  Ic.   PI.  t.  2384 ;  Gard.  Cliron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.   p.   197,   fig.  83 ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  7981 ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  1904,  vol.  ii.  p.  168,  col.  pi. 

A  beautiful  shrub  first  discovered  by  W.  Hancock  Esq.,  at  Mengtse  in 
Yunr.an,  and  later  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  and  Wilson  in  the  same  locality. 
By  the  last-named  living  plants  were  sent  to  Coombe  Wood,  where  they 
flowered  in  October  1901  for  the  first  time. 

In  general  appearance  the  plant  resembles  the  well-known  Jasminum 
nudiflorum,  but  the  flowers  and  leaves  are  much  larger  and  the  plants 
when  grown  in  the  open  almost  evergreen. 

In  Dr.  Henry's  view,  in  an  article  in  Flora  and  Sylva  (I.e.  supra),  it  is 
only  a  form  of  J.  nudiflorum  that  has  escaped  from  cultivation.  In 
support  of  this  theory  he  mentions  the  facts  that  it  never  sets  seed, 
the  flowers  are  often  semi-double,  and  the  shrubs  were  always  seen 
growing  in  gardens  or  in  hedges  in  the  vicinity  of  villages,  and  never  in 
woods  and  forests,  but  a  greater  knowledge  may  lead  to  a  different 
opinion. 

Plants  of  a  high  order,  grown  by  Leopold  de  Rothschild  Esq.,  Gunners- 
bury,  were  exhibited  in  London  in  January  1906,  cultivated  as  a  cold 
greenhouse  subject. 

LARDIZABALA  BITERNATA,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4501. 

This  singular  evergreen  climber  introduced  through  G.  T.  Davy  Esq., 
who  found  it  in  the  Province  of  Concepcion  and  gave  instructions  for 
plants  to  be  sent  to  him  at  Valparaiso,  ultimately  brought  to  Exeter  by 
William  Lobb ;  it  is  now  in  general  cultivation. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  March  1849. 

LEUCOTHOE   DAVISLE,  Torrey. 

Syns.  L.  Lobbu,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6247. 

A  handsome  evergreen  shrub  with  neat  elegant  racemes  of  white  flower 
resembling  those  of  the  lily-of-the-valley. 

Discovered  by  William  Lobb  in  1853  on  the  Sierra  Nevada  Mountains 
of  California,  at  an  elevation  of  5,000  ft.,  introduced  and  distributed  by 
the  Veitchian  firm  under  the  name  of  Leucothoe  Lobbii,  and  subse- 
quently again  gathered  in  the  same  locality  by  Miss  N.  J.  Davis, 

401 


HORTUS   VEITCHI1 

after  whom  Dr.  Torrey  named  it,  a  name  adopted  by  Dr.  Asa  Gray  in  the 
Proceedings  of  the  American  Academy  and  in  his  work  on  the  Botany  of 
California. 

Eemarkable  as  the  only  species  of  the  genus  known  on  the  western  side 
of  the  American  Continent. 

LIGU STRUM  HENRYI,   Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  90. 

An  evergreen  species  of  neat  appearance  first  detected  in  the  immediate 
neighbourhood  of  Ichang  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  after  whom  it  is  named,  and 
from  this  locality  afterwards  introduced  to  cultivation. 

A  neat  and  attractive  shrub  with  glossy  dark  green  leaves  somewhat 
variable  in  form,  from  1|  to  2  in.  long  by  1|  to  1|  in.  broad,  in  outline  from 
rotund-ovate  to  ovate-lanceolate. 

Mr.  Hemsley  states  (I.e.  supra),  "  This  is  very  near  Ligustrum 
Tschonskii,  differing  markedly  in  the  shape  of  the  leaves,  which  in  the 
present  species  vary  much  in  size  and  shape  on  the  same  branch." 

The  flowers  white,  fragrant,  and  the  fruits  black. 

LONICEEA  PILEATA,   Oliver. 

Gard.   Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxv.  p.  243,  figs.  ;  Hooker's  Ic.   PL  t.   1585 ;  The  Garden, 
1904,  vol.  Ixv.  p.  235 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  8060. 

A  hardy  Chinese  honeysuckle,  with  neat  evergreen  foliage,  introduced 
from  the  Province  of  Hupeh. 

It  is  a  dwarf-spreading  shrub  with  dark  green  foliage  somewhat  re- 
sembling that  of  the  common  privet.  The  flowers  freely  produced  in  the 
axils  of  the  uppermost  leaves  are  about  \  in.  in  length,  greenish-white 
in  colour,  not  showy,  but  delightfully  fragrant. 

It  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  the  Eoyal  Gardens, 
Kew,  during  April  1904. 

MAGNOLIA   DELAY AYI,   Franch. 

Plantae  Delavayanae,  p.  33,  tt.  9,  10 ;  Flora  and  Sylva,  1903,  vol.  i.  p.  18. 

An  evergreen  species  named  in  compliment  to  Pere  Delavay  who  dis- 
covered it  in  Central  China.  It  was  afterwards  collected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry 
and  Wilson,  and  by  the  last-named  traveller  introduced  to  cultivation  at 
Coombe  Wood. 

The  plants  are  at  present  too  small  to  flower,  but  from  information 
derived  from  those  who  have  seen  it  in  the  native  habitat  this  Magnolia 
promises  to  be  a  great  addition  to  gardens. 

The  flowers  are  said  to  be  pure  white,  egg-shaped,  of  great  substance 
and  very  massive. 

402 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

MYBTUS   CHEKEN,   Spreng. 

Syns.  Eugenia  Cheken,  DC. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5644. 

A  pretty  evergreen  Chilian  plant  introduced  from  Chili  through 
William  Lobb,  suitable  for  walls  in  the  southern  and  western  parts  of 
England,  with  pure  white  flowers  plentifully  produced  during  the 
summer  months. 

MYETUS   LUMA,  Barn. 
Syns.  Eugenia  Luma,  Berg. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5040. 

A  charming  evergreen,  quite  equal  in  beauty  to  the  common  myrtle, 
a  native  of  the  colder  parts  of  Chili  from  Concepcion  to  the  island  of 
Chiloe  and  Valdivia,  sent  to  this  country  through  William  Lobb. 

Blossoming  in  the  summer  months,  the  branches  literally  loaded  with 
white  flowers,  almost  concealing  the  foliage. 

MYETUS   UGNI,  Molina. 

Syns.  Eugenia  Ugni,  Hook.  &  Arn. 

Gard.    Chron.    1857,  p.  267  (Note  on  the  fruit) ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4626 ;    Fl.  des  Serres, 

torn.  vii.  p.  215. 

A  half-hardy  evergreen  shrub,  the  "  Myrtilla  "  of  the  Chilians,  allied  to 
the  common  myrtle,  and  requiring  the  protection  of  a  wall  for  successful 
cultivation  out-of-doors,  except  in  most  favoured  localities. 

It  is  a  native  of  Chili,  wild  on  the  hills  near  Valparaiso,  introduced  to 
this  country  through  William  Lobb. 

The  fruit  a  jet  black,  delicate  juicy  berry,  large  as  a  black  currant,  of 
an  agreeable  flavour  and  aroma,  is  cultivated  in  the  private  gardens  of 
Valparaiso  as  a  dessert.  Hopes  entertained,  but  not  fulfilled,  that  it 
might  be  a  useful  addition  to  English  hardy  fruit,  led  to  trials  being  made, 
C.  Wentworth  Dilke  Esq.  offering  prizes  for  competition  at  the  Grand 
Autumn  Fruit  Show  of  the  London  Horticultural  Society  in  1857. 

NOTOSPAETIUM   CAEMICH^ILLE,  Hook.j. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6741  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  169,  fig.  26;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees 

and  Shrubs,  1883,  p.  20. 

Known  to  the  inhabitants  of  New  Zealand  as  the  "Pink  Broom," 
and  introduced  through  P.  C.  M.  Veitch. 

In  its  native  habitat  a  large  shrub  or  small  tree  with  green  rush-like 
branches  devoid  of  leaves,  on  which  small  clusters  of  rosy  pink  pea-shaped 
flowers  are  produced  during  the  summer  months. 

Endemic  to  the  archipelago,  but  chiefly  confined  to  the  Middle  Island. 

403 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

OLEARIA   HAASTII,   Hook.  f. 

Masters  iii  Gard.  Chron.  1872,  p.  1195,  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6592;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI. 
1874,  p.  12,  fig.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1896,  vol.  xx.  p.  532,  fig. 

Raised  from  seed  sent  by  a  correspondent  from  New  Zealand  to  Exeter 
in  1858,  Olearia  Haastii,  popularly  recognized  as  the  "  Daisy  Bush,"  is 
now  well  known,  and  a  favourite  subject  for  planting. 

Perfectly  hardy,  it  withstands  the  dry  atmosphere  and  heat  of  summer 
with  impunity,  and  produces  in  profusion  white  daisy-like  flowers  during 
the  months  of  August  and  September. 

OLEARIA  MACRODONTA,  Baker. 

Syns.  0.  dentata,  Hook.  f. ;  Eurybia  dentata,  Hook. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  7065. 

A  hardy  shrub  from  New  Zealand,  with  evergreen  holly-like  leaves  and 
numerous  small  daisy-like  flowers,  in  broad  corymbs  terminating  each 
branchlet. 

Originally  described  by  Sir  Joseph  Hooker  in  his  flora  of  New  Zealand 
as  Eurybia  dentata,  this  plant,  in  his  later  work,  became  united  to  Olearia, 
the  specific  name  retained.  This  having,  however,  been  already  given  to 
an  Australian  species,  Mr.  Baker  changed  it  to  O.  macrodonta. 

A  handsome  shrub,  especially  in  the  south  and  west  of  England,  and  in 
July  has  many  large  corymbs  of  white  flower. 

OSMANTHUS   AQUIFOLIUM,  Siebold,  var.  ILICIFOLIA,  Dippel. 

Syns.  Olea  ilicifolia,  Haask. 
Gard.  Chron.  1858,  p.  419  (advt.). 

A  native  of  China  and  Japan,  introduced  from  the  latter  country  through 
Thomas  Lobb  in  1856,  a  holly-like  evergreen  shrub  with  clusters  of 
white  flower  in  the  axils  of  the  leaves. 

PERNETTYA  CILIARIS,   Don, 

Syiis.  Gaultheria  ciliaris,  Cham.  &  Schlecht. 
Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  x.  p.  89,  fig.  12;  Jour.  Hort.  Soc.  London,  vol.  vi.  p.  268. 

A  pretty  evergreen,  producing  in  the  early  spring  months  racemes  of 
lily-of-the-valley-like  flowers  in  dense  profusion. 

A  native  of  Mexico  whence  it  was  introduced,  now  almost  certainly  lost 
to  cultivation. 

PHILESIA  BUXIFOLIA,  Lcm. 

Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xviii.  p.  105,  fig.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4738;  The  Florist,  1854,  u.s. 
vol.iv.pl.  85;  Fl.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix.  p.  41  ;  The  Garden,  1883,  vol.  xxiii.  p.  380, 
col.  pi. 

A  very  curious  plant,  a  native  of  Valdivia,  with  flowers  similar  in  shape 

404 


TREES  AND  SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

and  appearance  to  those  of  the  well-known  Lapageria  rosea,  and  a  native 
of  Valdivia,  where  it  inhabits  marshy  places  under  trees.  Long  a 
desideratum  in  gardens  till  William  Lobb  sent  plants  to  Exeter,  which 
flowered  in  June  1853,  for  the  first  time. 

Hardy  in  Devon  and  Cornwall,  and  in  some  parts  of  Ireland,  it  is  best 
grown  under  glass  in  less  favoured  localities,  treated  as  the  Lapageria. 

An  interesting  hybrid,  intermediate  in  general  character  between  the 
two,  known  as  Philageria  Veitchii,  has  been  raised  by  crossing  Lapageria 
with  Philesia  buxifolia. 

QUEECUS   ACUTA,    Thunberg. 

Syns.  Q.  Buergeri,  Blume. 
Woods  and  Forests,  vol.  i.  1884,  p.  85,  fig. ;  The  Garden,  1881,  vol.  xix.  p.  285,  same  fig. 

A  handsome  evergreen  oak  sent  from  Japan  by  Charles  Maries. 

It  forms  a  small  tree  in  this  country  with  handsome  leathery  leaves, 
resembling  those  of  the  common  laurel  in  shape,  but  of  a  darker  green. 
Seedling  plants  vary  much  in  habit,  and  some  forms  selected  have 
received  the  varietal  names  pyramidalis  and  robusta,  differ  from  the 
type  in  habit  as  the  names  indicate. 

The  Oak  is  perfectly  hardy  in  this  country,  and  at  Coombe  Wood  on 
cold,  clayey  soil,  in  an  exposed  situation  there  is  a  very  noble  symmetrical 
specimen  20  ft.  in  height. 

QUEBCUS   GLABBA,   Thunb.,   var.   LATIFOLIA,   Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1881-1882,  p.  22. 

A  large-leaved  form  of  Quercus  glabra,  the  finest  evergreen  oak  of 
Japan.  The  type  species  has  long  been  in  gardens,  but  has  not  proved 
generally  hardy ;  the  leaves  smaller  than  those  of  the  form  latifolia,  are 
very  fine,  of  a  bright  fulvous  green. 

BAPHIOLEPIS  JAPONICA,   Sieb.   &  Zucc. 

Syna.  R.  j&ponica,  var.  integernma,  Hook. ;  R.  ovata,  Hort. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  694  (advt.)  ;  Fl.   Mag.  t.  299;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5510;  The  Garden, 

1876,  vol.  ix.  p.  597. 

A  pretty  plant  with  thick  evergreen  shining  leaves  and  spikes  of  large 
fragrant  white  flower. 

A  native  of  Japan,  Bonin,  and  the  Corea,  introduced  from  the  first- 
named  country  through  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

BHAPHITHAMNUS   CYANOCABPUS,  Miers. 

Syns.  Pceppigia  cyanocarpa,  Bertero. 

Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  474  (Report  of  E.H.S.  Show)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6849. 
A  half-hardy  evergreen  shrub  or  small  tree  from  Chili,  where  it  was 

405  D  d 


HORTUS    VE1TCHII 

first  detected  by  Mr.    Miers,  with  neat   foliage,  and   small   tubular  pale 
blue  flowers,  succeeded  by  globose  bright  blue  fruit. 


EHODODENDEON   AUKICULATUM,   Hemsl. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  64,  fig.  25. 

A  handsome  species  introduced  through  Wilson  from  Central  China, 
common  on  precipitous  cliffs  north  of  the  Yangtsze  at  elevations  of  more 
than  5,000  ft. 

The  flowers,  not  yet  seen  in  England,  are  large,  funnel-shaped,  3  in.  in 
depth,  4  in.  wide  at  the  mouth,  pure  white  or  rosy  pink  in  colour,  and 
very  striking. 

The  leaves  some  8  in.  in  length  by  2|  in.  broad,  are  prolonged  into  two 
ear-like  processes  at  the  point  of  insertion  of  the  petiole  with  the  blade. 


EHODODENDEON   CALIFOENICUM,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1855,  p.  391  (Note  on  Exhibit)  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  4863. 

Discovered  by  William  Lobb  during  his  first  collecting  mission  to 
California,  and  introduced  to  this  country,  where  the  plant  flowered  for 
the  first  time  during  June  in  the  year  1855. 

It  produces  compact  trusses  of  flowers,  deep  rose-tinted,  and  is  now 
rarely  met  with. 

EHODODENDEON  x  EAELY   GEM. 

Gard.  Chron.  1878,  vol.  ix.  p.  335,  fig.  57,  p.  336. 

A  hybrid  raised  at  Coombe  Wood  from  Ehododendron  praecox  and 
E.  dahauricum,  the  former  itself  the  offspring  of  E.  dahauricum  and 
E.  ciliatum. 

Early  Gem  is  a  dwarf  compact  plant  with  small  dark  green  persistent 
foliage  and  fairly  large  pinkish  lilac  flowers  in  dense  profusion  in  March 
and  early  April.  Always  an  admirable  subject  for  forcing,  and  in 
favourable  springs  one  of  the  earliest  to  flower  in  the  open. 

EHODODENDEON   INDICUM,  Sweet,  var.  OBTUSUM. 

Syns.  JZ.  obtusum,  Planch ;  Azalea  obtusa,  Lindl. 
Lindl.  Bot.  Reg.  vol.  xxxii.  t.  37 ;  Nicholson  in  Gard.  Chron.  1886,  vol.  xxv.  p.  585,  fig. 

This  charming  little  plant  with  vivid  orange-scarlet  flowers  was 
originally  introduced  from  Shanghai  to  the  gardens  of  the  Horticultural 
Society  by  Fortune,  in  1844,  but  probably  lost  to  cultivation  until  re- 
introduced  from  Japan  by  the  Veitchian  firm. 

406 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

EHODODENDEON  X  MANGLESII,  Hort. 

Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  Trees  and  Shrubs,  1885,  p.  11 ;  Gard.   Chron.    1885,  vol.   xxiv.  p.  48, 
fig.  ;  The  Garden,  1890,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  225,  fig. 

A  beautiful  hybrid  obtained  at  Coombe  from  the  Himalayan  Ehodo- 
dendron  Aucklandii  and  a  garden  form  of  E.  catawbiense  known  as  album 
grandiflorum. 

The  flowers  of  the  hybrid  fully  4  in.  in  diameter,  are  of  the  purest 
white,  with  the  exception  of  a  few  red  spots  on  the  upper  segment  of  the 
corolla.  The  truss  large  and  full-flowered,  composed  of  from  ten  to 
fifteen  blooms,  resembles  in  this  respect  the  American  species,  whilst  in 
the  foliage  and  calyx,  and  the  size  and  quality  of  the  flower  the  influence 
of  E.  Auckland!  may  be  traced. 

It  was  dedicated  to  the  memory  of  J.  H.  Mangles,  Esq.,  of  Haslemere 
under  whose  care  this  genus  was  so  very  greatly  improved. 


EHODODENDEON    MICEANTHUM,  Turcz. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  64. 

This  Ehododendron,  a  native  of  Central  China,  on  cliffs  north  of  the 
Yangtsze  at  elevations  of  more  than  5,000  ft.,  forms  a  bush  from  4  to 
20  ft.  high,  and  produces  in  great  abundance  small  white  flowers  in  erect 
racemes.  The  leaves  small,  are  covered  on  the  under  surface  with 
ferruginous  scales.  Plants  raised  from  seed  collected  by  Wilson  are 
growing  at  Coombe  Wood,  and  the  species  first  flowered  in  this  country 
at  Caerhays  Castle,  Cornwall,  in  the  spring  of  1905. 

EHODODENDEON  OCCIDENTALS,  A.  Gray. 

Syns.  Azalea  occidentals,  Torr.  &  Gr. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5005. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  from  California  by  William  Lobb,  and  much 
resembling  the  Azalea  calendulacea  of  Eastern  America,  but  differing 
in  flowers  white  striped  with  pink  on  the  exterior  of  the  perianth,  with 
a  yellow  blotch  on  the  standard  petal.  In  A.  calendulacea  the  corolla 
is  from  yellow  to  orange  changing  to  flame  colour. 

EHODODENDEON   EACEMOSUM,  Franch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1892,  vol.  xii.  p.  62  ;  The  Garden,  1892,  vol.  xlii.  p.  320,  col.  pi. ;  Bot.  Mag. 

t.  7301. 

A  charming  dwarf-growing  species  of  Ehododendron  raised  from  seed 
sent  from  the  Jardin  des  Plantes,  Paris,  collected  in  Yunnan,  Western 
China,  by  Pere  Delavay. 

407 


HORTUS    VEITCHI1 

The  plant  quite  hardy,  produces  in  the  spring  months  dense  clusters 
of  soft  rose-pink  flowers  at  the  end  of  the  short  branches. 

EHODODENDEON    SCHLIPPENBACHII,  Max. 

Card.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  462,  fig.  58;  Bob.  Mag.  t.  7373  ;  The  Garden,  1894,  vol.  xlvi. 

p.  80,  col.  pi. 

A  Corean  and  Manchurian  species  discovered  by  Baron  Alexandra  von 
Schlippenbach  on  the  shores  of  Possjet  Sound,  Manchuria.  From  the 
texture  of  the  leaves,  deciduous  in  this  country,  it  obviously  belongs 
to  the  Azalea  section  of  the  genus,  of  which  it  is  the  largest  leaved. 

The  flowers  of  a  delicate  rosy  lilac,  are  spotted  at  the  base  with  darkish 
brown. 

Ehododendron  Schlippenbachii  was  introduced  by  James  H.  Veitch, 
who  sent  it  to  Chelsea  in  1893  from  Japan,  where  it  was  found  cultivated, 
but  it  is  said  to  have  been  first  collected  by  a  young  Kewite,  Eichard 
Oldham,  in  1863,  collecting  at  that  time  in  China  ;  it  was  not  introduced 
nor  was  it  named  till  Maximowicz  wrote  a  description  from  Baron 
Schlippenbach's  specimens  seven  years  later. 

EUBUS  JAPONICUS,  Veitch,  var.  TEICOLOE,  HorL 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xvi.  p.  95,  fig.  15. 

A  slender-growing  trailing  plant  from  Japan,  with  rose-coloured  stems, 
the  petioles  and  leaves  with  large  patches  of  white  amongst  the  green,  in 
a  young  state  pinkish- white. 

SAECOCOCCA  PEUNIFOEMIS,  Lindl. 

A  neat  dwarf  evergreen  shrub  of  Holly-like  appearance,  with  shining 
bright  green  pointed  leaves,  in  the  axils  small  clusters  of  whitish  flower, 
open  in  the  winter,  followed  in  the  spring  by  bright  blue  fruit. 

It  is  recorded  from  Afghanistan,  Northern  India,  and  south-ward  from 
Ceylon  and  Sumatra,  and  was  introduced  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh, 
Central  China. 

SCHIZANDEA  HENEYI,  Clarke. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  162,  fig.  55. 

A  hardy  climbing  shrub  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  Central  China, 
a  member  of  a  genus  little  known  in  gardens,  forming  with  Kadsura  a 
distinct  tribe  of  the  Magnoliacese.  Botanically  the  flowers  are  interesting, 
but  not  showy  ;  the  leaves  bright  shining  green  have  showy  red  petioles  ; 
the  young  stems  winged. 

After  flowering,  the  receptacle  becomes  fleshy,  enclosing  mucilaginous 
berries,  and  the  fruit  is  eaten  by  the  local  peasantry. 

408 


TREES   AND   SHRUBS— EVERGREEN 

THIBAUDIA  MICROPHYLLA,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  23,  fig. 

An  evergreen  shrub  with  scarlet  flowers,  from  seed  collected  in  Peru  by 
William  Lobb. 

The  figure  and  description  (I.e.  supra)  were  prepared  from  Lobb's 
herbarium  specimens,  only  seedling  plants,  not  large  enough  to  flower,  at 
that  time  in  cultivation. 

Apparently  the  plant  not  hardy  was  never  distributed  ;  and  it  is  doubtful 
if  a  member  of  this  genus,  as  the  flowers  solitary  and  axillary  are  not  in 
a  racemose  inflorescence. 

TEOCHODENDRON   AEALIOIDES,  Sieb.  &  Zucc. 

Gard.  Chron.  1894,  vol.  xv.  p.  716,  fig. ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7375. 

A  very  singular  hardy  evergreen  shrub,  native  of  Japan,  introduced 
to  Coombe  Wood ;  flowered  in  April  1894  for  the  first  time. 

With  Euptelia  a  distinct  tribe  of  the  Magnoliaceae,  known  as  Trocho- 
dendrae,  distinguished  by  an  entire  absence  of  sepals  and  petals. 

The  stamens  radiate  from  the  centre  of  the  flower  as  the  spokes  of  a 
wheel,  suggesting  the  generic  name. 

VACCINIUM   LEUCOSTOMUM,  Lindl. 

Lindl.  in  Gard.  Chron.  1848,  p.  7,  fig. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  by  William  Lobb  from  Peru,  collected  at  Veto, 
8,000  ft.  above  sea-level. 

The  flowers  are  described  as  "scarlet  tipped  with  white";  the  plant 
probably  not  hardy,  was  soon  lost,  and  does  not  appear  to  be  now  in 
cultivation. 

VALDIVIA  GAYANA,  Remy. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  366  (Report  of  B.H.S.  Show)  ;  The  Florist,  1863,  p.  87. 
This  singular,  small,  half-hardy  evergreen  shrub,  with  a  short  pyramidal 
panicle   of   pretty   rose-coloured   flowers   from   a    tuft   of   long,   serrated 
rugose  leaves,  was  exhibited  in  flower  in  April  1863,  and  is  now,  in  all 
probability,  also  lost. 

VIBUENUM  BUDDLEIFOLIUM,  C.  H.  Wright. 
Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  257. 

A  new  species  introduced  to  Coombe  Wood  from  Central  China  through 
Wilson. 

The  leaves  about  3|  in.  in  length,  hairy  on  the  upper  surface,  densely 
floccose  beneath,  resemble  those  of  Viburnum  rhytidophyllum,  but  are 
smaller ;  the  flowers  white,  in  terminal  corymbose  panicles. 

The  plant  has  not  yet  flowered. 

409 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

VIBUENUM  PEOPINQUUM,  Hemsl. 

First  discovered  in  the  neighbourhood  of  Ichang,  on  the  Yangtsze,  by 
Dr.  Henry,  this  species  was  afterwards  introduced  to  cultivation  through 
Wilson,  who  sent  seed  collected  in  1901. 

As  a  species  it  closely  resembles  the  Western  Viburnum  Tinus,  but 
differs  in  the  nervation  of  the  leaf  and  the  small  greenish- white  flowers. 

VIBUENUM  EHYTIDOPHYLLUM,  Hemsl. 

Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  63,  fig.  23. 

A  very  striking  shrub  of  an  unusually  promising  nature  with  large, 
broadly-lanceolate  leaves,  strongly  nerved  on  the  upper  surface,  covered 
beneath  with  dense  woolly  tomentum.  The  branches  terminate  in 
corymbs  of  yellowish- white  flowers  7  to  8  in.  across. 

Plants  raised  at  Coombe  Wood  from  seed  collected  in  China  have 
proved  perfectly  hardy. 

VIBUENUM  UTILE,  Hemsl 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxiii.  p.  257. 

This  neat,  attractive  Viburnum,  a  native  of  Central  China,  was  first 
detected  by  Dr.  A.  Henry,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation. 

The  leaves  small,  lanceolate-oblong,  dark  shining  green  above,  are 
covered  beneath  with  a  thick  coat  of  white  stellate  hair. 

Mr.  Hemsley  states  (I.e.  supra),  "  This  species  is  readily  distinguished 
by  its  thick,  entire  leaves,  glabrous  and  shining  above  and  felted  beneath. 
The  branches  are  used  for  making  pipe  stems,  according  to  Dr.  Henry." 

VIBUENUM  VEITCHII,  C.  H.  Wright. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  257  ;  Jour.  R.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  pts.  i.  and  ii.  p.  63  ; 
Flora  and  Sylva,  vol.  ii.  p.  209. 

A  species  introduced  from  Central  China  through  Wilson.  The  leaves 
about  5  in.  in  length,  cordate  at  the  base,  with  margins  coarsely  dentate, 
have  an  under  surface  densely  tomentose. 

The  species  with  flowers  white,  in  terminal  corymbose  panicles,  is 
closely  allied  to  two  others,  Viburnum  rhytidophyllum  and  V.  buddleifolia. 


410 


HERBACEOUS    PLANTS 


HERBACEOUS    PLANTS 

ACONITUM  HEMSLEYANUM,  Pritz. 

A  climbing  Aconite,  a  hardy  herbaceous  perennial,  with  curious  bulbils 
in  the  axils  of  the  leaves  and  bracts,  as  in  many  lilies. 

The  flowers  are  of  a  rich  deep  blue  colour,  large  and  showy. 

Living  roots  from  Central  China  in  1901  failed  to  grow,  but  a  better  fate 
awaited  a  second  consignment  collected  in  1903,  and  plants  flowered  at 
Coombe  in  the  summer  of  1905. 

ACONITUM    SCAPOSUM,  Franch.,  var.  PYEAMIDALE. 

A  strong-growing  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  with  foliage  typical  of 
the  genus  and  pyramidal  spikes  of  dark  blue  flowers  crowded  on  the 
upper  two-thirds  of  a  scape  2  to  2|  ft.  in  height. 

The  flowers  consist  of  a  long  blue  spur  with  little  or  no  hood  and  the 
small  petals  are  whitish  tipped  with  green. 

It  was  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  in  1901,  and  first 
flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  in  August  1904. 

ADENOPHOKA  CAPILLARIS,  Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  vol.  xxvi.  p.  10. 

A  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  about  2  to  2|  ft.  high,  with  loose,  graceful 
panicles  of  blue  campanula-like  flower.  Mr.  Hemsley  (I.e.  supra)  states, 
"  A  very  distinct  and  beautiful  species  remarkable  for  the  exceeding 
slenderness  of  the  pedicels,  the  narrow  somewhat  inflated  corolla  and  the 
very  thick  tubular  disk." 

Discovered  in  the  Patung  district,  Central  China,  introduced  to 
cultivation  through  Wilson  from  the  same  locality  and  first  flowered  in 
the  summer  of  1905. 

ADENOPHOEA  POLYMOEPHA,  Ledeb. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  187. 

This  hardy  herbaceous  plant  of  the  Campanula  family  of  a  height  of 
4  to  5  ft.,  has  numerous  dark  blue  bell-shaped  blossoms,  introduced  from 
China,  and  first  flowered  in  the  Eoyal  Gardens,  Kew,  in  September  1903. 

413 


HORTUS  VEITCHII 

AMAKANTHUS  MELANCHOLICUS,  Linn.,  var.  EUBEE. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  398  (advt.). 

A  plant  with  striking  blood-red  foliage,  introduced  by  the  late  John 
Gould  Veitch  from  Japan,  selected  from  amongst  several  varieties  as  the 
one  most  valuable  for  garden  flower  decoration,  summer  bedding,  and 
general  ornamental  purposes. 

AMAEANTHUS   SALICIPOLIUS,  Hort.  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1871,  p.  1550,  with  fig. ;  Fl.  Mag.   1871,  pi.  557 ;  Fl.  dea  Serres,  1873, 

vol.  xix.  p.  3. 

Introduced  from  the  Philippines  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch. 

This  annual  is  of  pyramidal  form,  2  to  3  ft.  high  ;  the  leaves,  from  5  to 
7  in.  long  by  £  in.  wide,  of  a  bright  bronzy-green,  change  as  the  plant 
matures  to  an  orange-red. 

ANDEOSACE   HENEYI,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1973. 

Detected  by  the  Eev.  E.  Faber  on  Mount  Omei  and  by  Dr.  A.  Henry  in 
the  Province  of  Hupeh,  from  whose  specimens  it  was  originally  described. 

A  somewhat  large  species  for  the  genus  with  reniform  crenate  leaves  on 
hairy  petioles  4  to  6  in.  in  length,  and  umbels  of  pure  white  flower  freely 
produced. 

It  was  raised  from  seed  collected  in  high  ranges  at  elevations  of 
6,000-8,500  ft. 

APEEA   AEUNDINACEA,  Hook.  f. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  pp.  282,  283,  fig.  84. 

A  New  Zealand  grass  raised  from  seed  at  Coombe  Wood  in  January 
1896,  and  flowered  in  October  1897  ;  an  unusually  graceful  plant. 

AETEMISIA    LACTIFLOEA,  Wall 

A  strong-growing  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  from  4  to  5  ft.  with 
elegant  lobed  leafage  and  terminal  panicles  of  milk-white  flower,  small 
individually,  showy  in  a  mass. 

Sent  from  China  by  Wilson,  flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1903  at 
Coombe  Wood ;  an  unusually  valuable  plant. 

AEUM   PALvESTINUM,  Boiss. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5509 ;  N.  B.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1882,  vol.  xvii.  p.  428. 

A  singular  Aroid  discovered  by  the  distinguished  botanist  and  traveller 
M.  Boissier,  near  Jerusalem,  and  from  this  locality  plants  secured 
flowered  for  the  first  time  in  1865. 

414 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

The  spathe  is  pale  green  suffused  with  purplish  dots  and  blotches  on  the 
outside,  rich  velvety  black  with  a  yellowish-white  base  on  the  inner,  quite 
free  from  odour. 

ASTILBE    DAVIDII,  Henry. 
Syns.  A.  chinensis,  var.  Davidii,  Franch. 

Henry  in   Gard.   Chron.  1902,  p.  95,  fig.  p.  103;    Bot.  Mag.  t.  7880;    The  Garden, 

vol.  Ixii.  p.  179,  fig. 

A  beautiful  hardy  perennial,  the  best  of  its  class,  from  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  through  Wilson — a  herb  of  a  high  order. 

The  elegant  leafage  more  or  less  that  of  Astilbe  japonica  on  a  large 
scale ;  the  flowering  stems  6  or  more  ft.  high,  the  upper  portion  some 
2  ft.  in  length,  densely  covered  with  deep  rose-violet,  mauve-coloured 
flowers ;  these  first  opened  in  July  1901. 

ASTILBE   GEANDIS,  Stapf. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  426,  suppl.  illus. 

This  beautiful  herbaceous  perennial  resembles  in  habit  the  well-known 
Astilbe  Davidii,  having  similar  foliage  and  the  same  erect  tall  flower- 
spikes,  but  differs  in  pure  white  flowers,  and  in  some  other  technical 
details. 

A  native  of  Central  China,  quite  hardy,  the  plant  will  prove  of  very 
great  value. 

ASTILBE   THUNBEEGII,  Miq. 
Fl.  Mag.  t.  457. 

This  Astilbe  from  Japan  in  1878,  first  exhibited  in  flower  in  1881,  has 
elegant  tufted  foliage  above  which  the  scapes  bear  on  the  upper  third 
densely  clustered  greenish-white  flower. 

BLUMENBACHIA  CHUQUITENSIS,  Hook. 

Syns.  B.  coronata,  Haage  &  Schmidt. 

Fl.  Mag.  t.  139;  Gard.  Chron.  1873,  p.  1211,  fig.  of  stinging  hairs;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6143  ; 
The  Garden,  1875,  vol.  vii.  p.  173,  fig. ;  Fl.  des  Serres,  1877,  p.  189. 

A  beautiful  biennial  from  Peru  through  Pearce,  possessing  unfortunately 
one  drawback,  every  part  of  the  floral  organs  being  covered  with  numerous 
stinging  hairs. 

When  first  sent  to  be  named  held  to  be  Blumenbachia  (Caiophora 
coronata,  it  was  as  this  unfortunately  distributed. 

BLUMENBACHIA  CONTOETA,   Hook.  f. 

Syns.  Caiophora  contorta,  Presl. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  6134. 

A  native  of  Peru  and  Ecuador  raised  from  seed  collected  in  the  first- 
named  country,  and  flowered  in  July  1874. 

415 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  leaves  elegantly  lobed,  the  flowers  bright  scarlet :  the  plant  now 
probably  lost  to  cultivation. 

CALANDEINIA   UMBELLATA,  DC. 

Paxt.   Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xii.  p.  271;    Nich.  Diet.  Gard.  p.  236,  fig.  316;    PI.  des  Serres, 

1846,  pi.  v. 

Discovered  in  rocky  places  in  the  regions  around  Concepcion  by  Euiz 
and  Pavon,  and  introduced  to  cultivation  through  William  Lobb ;  a 
charming  half-hardy  biennial  with  dazzling  magenta-crimson  flowers 
about  the  size  of  a  sixpence. 

CALCEOLAEIA  EEICOIDES,   Juss. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  659  (advt.). 

A  hardy  herbaceous  plant  found  by  Eichard  Pearce  on  mountains  of 
considerable  elevation  near  Cuen9a,  Ecuador,  in  habit  and  foliage  not 
unlike  a  free-growing  Erica. 

The  flowers  are  bright  yellow  in  great  abundance. 

CALCEOLAEIA  PLANTAGINEA,  Sm. 

Gard.  Chron.  1863,  p.  695 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  2805 ;  The  Garden,  1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  261. 

Ee-discovered  by  Eichard  Pearce  near  the  line  of  perpetual  snow  on 
the  Andes  of  Chili,  and  sent  to  this  country  in  1860. 

Previously  in  cultivation,  sent  home  by  Mr.  Cruickshanks  in  1826,  it 
was  subsequently  lost. 

CAEDIANDEA   SINENSIS,  Hemsl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiii.  p.  82. 

A  perennial  herb  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh,  with  a  creeping  root- 
stock,  alternate,  oblong,  or  ovate-lanceolate  leaves,  and  an  inflorescence 
resembling  that  of  the  Hydrangea. 

CELOSIA  CEISTATA,  Linn.,  var.  COCCINEA,  Hort. 

PL  Mag.  1861,  t.  49. 

Eaised  from  seed  sent  from  China  as  a  species  of  Amaranth. 

The  figure  (I.e.  supra)  represents  what  would  now  be  considered  a  poor 
specimen  of  the  well-known  annual,  since  improved  by  selection  to 
an  unusual  degree.  The  possibilities  of  the  plant  were  recognized  by 
Thomas  Moore  Esq.,  the  Editor  of  the  Moral  Magazine,  who  wrote  : — 
"It  is  not  improbable  that  the  more  branched  of  the  spicate  forms,  if 
carefully  selected,  might  in  time  yield  a  plumy  crimson  variety,  analogous 
to  the  golden  one  we  already  possess  ;  and  this  is  the  result  at  which 
growers  should  aim,  rather  than  to  obtain  large  expanded  combs  which 
would  take  away  from  the  elegant  aspect  of  the  plant." 

416 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

CHELIDONIUM   LASIOCAKPUM,    Oliver. 
Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1739. 

A  yellow-flowered  herbaceous  perennial  introduced  through  Wilson 
from  Central  China,  and  previously  collected  by  Dr.  Henry. 

The  root  known  by  a  name  signifying  "  Man's-Blood  Herb,"  from  the 
red  juice  in  the  root  and  stem,  is  used  as  a  drug  by  the  Chinese. 

CHIONOGKAPHIS  JAPONICA,  Maxim. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6510 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  720 ;  figs.  128-130. 

Thib  interesting  plant,  described  by  Thunberg  in  his  Flora  Japonica, 
p.  152,  had  been  known  to  science  for  a  century  prior  to  introduction  by 
Messrs.  Veitch  in  1880. 

A  glabrous  perennial  herb,  the  only  species  in  the  genus,  closely  related 
to  the  East  North  American  genera  Helonia  and  Chamaelirium. 

From  seed  sent  by  Maries  from  Japan,  plants  were  raised  and  flowered 
in  April  1880  for  the  first  time. 

CODONOPSIS   TANGSHEN,  Oliver. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1966. 

A  member  of  the  Campanula  family  with  twining  stems,  raised  from 
seed  from  Central  China,  where,  considered  an  important  drug,  and  used 
amongst  the  very  poor  as  a  substitute  for  the  costly  ginseng,  it  is  known 
as  the  t'ang-shen. 

COLLINSIA  BAKTSLEFOLIA,  Benth. 

Gard.  Chron.  1852,  p.  689  (advt.). 

A  pretty  annual  herb  sent  from  California  by  William  Lobb,  dis- 
tributed in  1852. 

The  plants  from  6  to  9  in.  in  height,  with  pale  lilac- coloured  flowers  in 
profusion,  are  useful  for  the  borders  or  bed  edging  during  the  summer 
months. 

COLLINSIA   MULTICOLOE,   Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1852,  p.  690  (advt.) ;  Paxt.  Fl.  Gdn.  1851-1852,  p.  89,  t.  56. 

A  pretty  Californian  annual  about  1|  ft.  high,  through  William  Lobb, 
first  distributed  in  1852. 

The  flowers,  in  whorled  inflorescences  in  the  axils  of  the  uppermost 
leaves,  are  of  variable  colour,  mostly  white  with  lilac,  rose,  or  violet  stripes 
and  markings. 

For  beds  or  borders  in  the  summer  a  charming  subject,  growing  on  a 
poor  soil  equally  as  in  a  rich. 

417 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

CONANDKON   BAMONDIOIDES,   Steb.  &  Ziicc. 

Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  232;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  6484;  The  Garden,  1897, 

vol.  li.  pi.  1099,  p.  6. 

An  interesting  plant,  at  home  in  moist  rocks  in  the  mountains  of  Nippon 
and  Kiusiu,  Japan. 

It  is  an  aberrant  member  of  a  group  of  Gesnerads  which  span  the 
middle  mountain  regions  of  the  old  world  from  Spain  to  Japan,  closely 
related  to  the  genera  Eamondia,  Haberlea,  Wulfenia,  and  Shortia,  botani- 
cally  connecting  the  regular-flowered  five-membered  corollifloral  orders  with 
superior  two-celled  ovaries,  with  the  Gesneraceae  and  Scrophulariaceae. 

The  regular  corolla  is  a  most  remarkable  botanical  character,  excep- 
tional not  only  in  the  order  to  which  it  belongs,  but  in  the  whole  group  of 
Personales. 

COEYDALIS   CHEILANTHIFOLIA,  HemsL 

Jour.  Linn.  Soc.  1892,  vol.  xxix.  p.  392 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxii.  p.  288. 

A  Chinese  species  from  Hupeh,  first  distributed  in  1904  ;  a  hardy 
herbaceous  perennial  with  elegant  fern-like  foliage  and  spikes  of  pale 
yellow  flower. 

Dr.  A.  Henry  and  Wilson  both  discovered  the  herb  among  stones  on  the 
banks  of  streams  in  the  higher  mountains  ;  it  is  the  least  interesting  of  all 
the  Chinese  Corydalis. 

COEYDALIS   THALICTEIFOLIA,  Franch. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7830 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxii.  pp.  288,  289,  320,  fig.  94  and  suppl. 
The  Eev.  E.  Faber  was  probably  the  first  to  find  this  plant  in  the 
mountains  of  Ningpo.  Dr.  Henry  sent  specimens  from  Ichang,  and 
Pere  Ducloux  and  W.  Hancock  Esq.  collected  some  in  Yunnan,  though 
only  first  introduced  to  gardens  by  Wilson,  who  sent  seed  in  1900,  from 
which  plants  raised  flowered  in  June  1901. 

OOEYDALIS   TOMENTOSA,  N.  E.  Brown. 

Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  123  ;  Gardening  World,  1903,  p.  757,  fig. 

This  handsome  half-hardy  species  from  China  has  leaves  finely  divided 
covered  with  white  silky  hair.  The  flowers  yellow,  tubular,  in  erect 
racemes,  hardy  in  favoured  localities  are,  during  the  summer,  adapted 
for  cool  greenhouse  decoration. 

COEYDALIS   WILSONI,  N.  E.  Brown. 

N.  E.  Brown  in  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  123;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7939  ;  Gard.  Chron. 
1904,  vol.  xxxv.  p.  306,  fig.  130. 

A  Chinese  species  with  handsome  glaucous-green  foliage  and  spikes  of 
deep  golden-yellow,  raised  from  seed  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  at 
Coombe  in  1903. 

418 


DEINANTHE  BIFIDA,  Max. 

Jour.  B.H.S.  1903,  vol.  xxviii.  p.  62. 

A  rather  tall-growing  herbaceous  perennial  with  unisexual,  herma- 
phrodite, and  sterile  flowers  on  one  and  the  same  inflorescence,  in 
general  appearance  resembling  those  of  the  Hydrangea,  of  which  it  is  a 
near  ally.  The  leaves  large,  usually  in  whorls  of  four,  broadly  ovate, 
serrate  margins  have  often  a  bifid  apex. 

DELPHINIUM   CAEDINALE,  Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4887. 

A  handsome  species  of  Larkspur  from  California,  due  to  William  Lobb. 

The  rich  scarlet  colour  of  this  much-cultivated,  well-known  plant  was, 
prior  to  introduction,  unknown  in  the  genus,  and  is  still  unique. 

In  a  description  in  the  Botanical  Magazine  (I.e.  supra)  Sir  Joseph 
Hooker  writes : — "  Blue  or  purple  or  white  Larkspurs  are  familiar  to  us 
in  our  gardens.  We  have  now  the  pleasure  of  making  known  a  species  of 
Delphinium  equalling  if  not  surpassing  any  other  in  the  size  and  symmetry 
of  the  plant,  and  excelling  in  the  brilliancy  of  colour  of  the  flower,  and 
that  as  rich  a  scarlet  as  can  well  be  looked  upon.  It  is  one  of  the  many 
novelties  detected  by  William  Lobb  in  California,  and  introduced  to  our 
gardens  by  Messrs.  Veitch  &  Sons  of  the  Exeter  and  Chelsea  nurseries." 

DELPHINIUM  DAVIDII,  Franch. 

This  species,  from  seed  collected  on  Mount  Omei,  in  the  extreme 
West  of  China,  grows  some  2  ft.  high,  developing  flowers  of  a  very  rich 
rose-purple.  The  foliage  is  typical  of  the  genus,  but  the  flowers  do  not 
compare  in  size  with  those  of  the  finer  garden  forms. 

DICENTEA  CHEYSANTHA,  Walp. 

Syns.  Dielytra  chrysantha. 

Fl.  des  Serres,  torn  viii.  p.  193 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  7954. 

First  detected  by  David  Douglas,  but  not  introduced,  and  flowered  at 
Exeter  1852,  from  seed  sent  from  California  by  William  Lobb. 

Long  branching  panicles  of  yellow  blooms  appear  in  August  and  Sep- 
tember, and,  though  the  plant  is  hardy  and  very  beautiful,  it  is  short-lived. 
The  leaves  large,  glaucous-green,  pinnately  divided ;  the  ultimate  lobes 
small  linear  or  cuneate,  somewhat  acute. 

DICENTEA   MACEANTHA,  Oliv. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  pi.  1937. 

This  is  an  important  addition  to  a  favourite  garden  genus,  which  includes 

419 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

the  familiar  Dicentra  spectabilis,  known  as  the  "  Bleeding  Heart," 
valuable  for  forcing  in  early  spring  and  for  the  hardy  border. 

D.  macrantha,  a  Chinese  species  rare  in  its  native  habitat,  was  first 
met  with  by  Dr.  Henry,  who  detected  the  herb  in  a  wood  in  Hupeh,  and 
only  obtained  one  plant. 

Bare  on  Mount  Omi,  in  the  extreme  West,  Wilson  obtained  a  few  seed 
and  succeeded  in  introducing  it.  The  flowers  droop,  are  narrower  and 
longer  than  those  of  D.  spectabilis,  pale  yellow  in  colour. 

DEACOCEPHALUM  EUYSCHIANA,  Linn.,  var.  JAPONICUM, 

Asa  Gray. 
Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1879,  vol.  xii.  p.  167,  fig.  29. 

This  old  inhabitant  of  gardens,  Dracocephalum  Euyschiana,  was  intro- 
duced as  long  since  as  1699,  and  is  now  rarely  seen. 

In  Central  Europe  and  Southern  Asia  the  species  widely  distributed, 
was  only  noticed  in  1859  by  Professor  Asa  Gray  to  be  a  variety  known 
to  be  in  Japan.  A  pretty  herbaceous  perennial  introduced  through  Charles 
Maries. 

ECHINOCYSTIS  LOBATA,  Torr.  &  Gray. 

Gard.  Chron.  1897,  vol.  xxii.  pp.  270,  271,  fig. ;  Rev.  Hort.  1896,  p.  9,  fig. 

A  trailing  annual  of  the  Cucurbitacese,  native  of  the  North-Eastern 
States  of  America,  with  inconspicuous  flowers,  of  elegant  habit  and  green 
prickly  fruit. 

Flowered  and  fruited  at  Coombe  Wood  during  the  summer  of  1897, 
and  from  this  material  the  figure  in  the  Gardeners'  Chronicle  was 
prepared. 

ESCHSCHOLTZIA   C^ESPITOSA,  Benth. 

Syns.  E.  tenuifolia,  Benth. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4812 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1854,  p.  451  (Notice  of  Exhibit);  Bentham  in  Trans,  of  the 
R.H.S.  2nd  ser.  i.  p.  408. 

In  figuring  this  plant,  sent  from  California  by  William  Lobb,  in  the 
Botanical  Magazine  as  Eschscholtzia  tenuifolia,  a  doubt  is  expressed  as 
to  the  advisability  of  keeping  one  so  variable  apart  from  E.  caespitosa 
as  a  distinct  species,  and  modern  authorities,  with  a  fuller  knowledge, 
hold  it  synonymous,  or  merely  a  form  of  that  species. 

GENTIANA  DETONSA,  Fries.,  var.  BAEBATA,  Griseb. 

An  erect-growing  biennial  1|  to  2  ft.  in  height  with  dark  violet-blue 
flowers  1  in.  in  diameter. 

The  bearded  margin  of  the  corolla  lobe  suggested  the  varietal  name. 

420 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

The  type  species  is  Himalayan,  and  the  variety  common  in  the  grasslands 
of  the  Chino-Tibetan  borderland  at  elevations  of  8,500-11,500  ft. 

Plants  raised  from  seed  flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  for  the  first  time 
in  1905. 

GERANIUM  PLATYANTHUM,  Duthie. 

Gard.  Chron.  1906,  vol.  xxxix.  p.  51. 

A  handsome  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  with  three  to  five  lobed  leaves 
on  erect  stems  2  to  2|  ft.  in  height,  bearing  in  profusion  large  rosy  purple 
flowers  ;  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Central  China  1901. 

GERARDIA  LANCEOLATA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Vvrgula/ria  lanceolata,  Ruiz  &  Pav. 
Gard.  Cliron.  1849,  p.  564. 

A  herbaceous  plant  with  rose-coloured  Pentstemon-like  flowers  from 
North  Chili,  distributed  in  1849. 

Of  a  genus  difficult  to  cultivate,  not  perfectly  hardy,  it  was  soon  lost 
to  cultivation. 

GILIA  CALIFORNICA,   Benth. 

Syns.  Leptodactylon  californicum,  Hook.  &  Arn. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4872  ;  Gard.  Chron.   1855,  p.   423  (Notice  of  Exhibit)  ;  The  Florist,  1855, 
pi.  105  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  1856,  torn.  i.  2nd  ser.  p.  79. 

A    half-hardy    annual    through    William    Lobb,   by    seed    from   San         ^  (r^L^o  v*JLAf 
Bernardino,  South  California,  though  David  Douglas  first  made  known         <• 
the  plant  by  dried  specimens  from  the  same  locality  ;  Coulter  had  also 
previously  met  with  it.  tt 

Exhibited  in  flower  for  the  first  time  in  June  1855. 


GILIA  DIANTHOIDES,  End. 

Syns.  Fenzlia  dianthijlora,  Benth. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4876;  PI.  des  Serres,  1856,  torn.  i.  2nd  ser.  p.  89. 

Discovered  in  California  by  Douglas,  later  introduced  to  our  gardens 
from  the  same  locality  through  William  Lobb,  and  flowered  during  the 
summer  of  1855. 

Excellent  as  a  bedding-out  plant,  closely  ramified  and  spreading, 
furnished  with  filiform  branches,  completely  covered  and  concealed  by 
numerous  blossoms  of  a  delicate  lilac. 

GILIA  LUTEA,   Steud.  Nomencl. 

Syns.  Leptosiphon  luteus,  Benth. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  4735  ;  PI.  des  Serres,  torn.  ix.  p.  97. 

Seed  of  this  species,  first  detected  by  Douglas  about  the  year  1833, 
was  sent  by  William  Lobb  in  1852  from  California. 

421  B  e 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

It  remained  unknown  in  cultivation  till  raised  from  Lobb's  seed ; 
first  flowered  in  1853,  and  exhibited  at  a  meeting  of  the  Horticultural 
Society  held  at  Chiswick. 

GOMPHBENA  PULCHELLA,   Mart. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4064. 

Raised  from  seed  imported  from  Monte  Video,  and  flowered  for  the  first 
time  in  July  1844. 

The  flowers,  in  dense  heads,  rose-purple  in  colour,  are  not  unlike  the 
common  Globe  Everlasting,  the  bracts  highly  coloured. 

HELONIOPSIS  JAPONICA,   Maxim. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6986. 

This  interesting  liliaceous  plant,  first  flowered  in  the  spring  of  1881, 
was  long  known  to  botanists  prior  to  introduction  from  Japan  by  Maries  ; 
it  is  widely  spread  in  the  mountains,  and  has  been  detected  in  Corea.  In 
general  habit  a  Scilla,  the  leaves  persistent,  but  not  fleshy  in  texture. 

HEMIBCEA  HENEYI,    C.  B.    Clarice. 

Hooker's  Ic.  PI.  t.  1798. 

A  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  Gesnerad,  a  family  poorly  represented 
amongst  hardy  garden  plants,  first  discovered  by  Dr.  Henry  at  Ichang, 
and  subsequently  introduced. 

It  forms  a  plant  about  1  ft.  high  with  dark  green  shiny  leaves  and 
white  waxy-looking  tubular  flowers,  yellow  in  the  throat.  A  decoction  of 
the  root  in  alcohol  is  said  to  be  efficacious  in  cases  of  snake-bite. 

INCARVILLEA  VABIABILIS,   Batalin,  var.   LATIFOLIA,  Batalin. 

A  form  of  the  type  with  much-divided  leaves  and  lax  panicles  of  small 
tubular  rose-pink  flowers ;  a  herbaceous  perennial  not  perfectly  hardy, 
from  Western  China,  common  in  gorges  at  elevations  of  3,000-4,500  ft. 

LINUM  MACRJEI,   Benth. 

Syria.  L.  Chamissonis,  Hort. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5474;  Fl.  Mag.  t.  214. 

This  species,  a  half-hardy  perennial,  has  in  abundance  heads  of  orange- 
yellow  flowers,  detected  and  introduced  through  Pearce  from  Lota  in 
1860 :  first  flowered  in  1864,  and  exhibited  at  a  meeting  of  the  Royal 
Horticultural  Society  under  the  name  of  Linum  Chamissonis. 

422 


HERBACEOUS    PLANTS 

LOASA   PICTA,   Hook. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4428. 

A  very  pretty  annual,  of  which  seeds  were  first  sent  from  Chacapoyas, 
in  the  Andes,  by  William  Lobb. 

As  with  other  members  of  the  genus,  the  species  is  covered  with  stinging 
hairs,  a  drawback  from  a  horticultural  standpoint. 

LOBELIA   TENUIOE,   B.  Br. 

Syns.  L.  heterophylla,  Labill. 

Pnxt.  Mag.   Bot.  vol.   vi.  p.   197;  Gard.  Chron.  1901,  vol.  xxix.   3rd  ser. ;  Bot.   Mag. 

t.  3784. 

Introduced  from  Western  Australia  in  1835,  lost  to  cultivation  till 
recently,  and  a  very  fine  plant,  in  the  way  of  Lobelia  ramosa. 

It  is  a  large-flowered  species  of  the  Erinus  section,  of  an  attractive  blue, 
worthy  of  greenhouse  culture. 

LYSIMACHIA  CEISPIDENS,   Hemsl. 

Hemsley  in  Jour.   Linn.  Soc.  1889,  vol.  xxvi.  p.  50,   pi.  1 ;  Bot.   Mag.  t.  7919  ;  The 
Garden,  1903,  vol.  Ixiii.  p.  389,  fig. 

A  pretty  little  pink-flowered  herb,  raised  from  seed  collected  in  Hupeh, 
the  plants  opening  pink  flowers  for  the  first  time  in  the  spring  of  1900 
at  Coombe  Wood. 

One  of  the  numerous  species  of  Lysimachia  from  the  mountainous 
regions  of  Central  China,  differing  from  all  Species  hitherto  in  cultivation. 

LYSIMACHIA   HENBYI,   Hemsl. 

The  Garden,  1903,  vol.  Ixiv.  p.  269,  with  fig.  ;  Gard.  Chron.  1903,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  187 ; 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7961. 

A  pretty  species  first  discovered  by  Dr.  Henry  in  the  Province  of 
Hupeh,  Central  China,  in  1885,  and  later  sent  to  Messrs.  Veitch  from 
the  same  locality. 

The  plant  of  tufted  trailing  habit  has  large  yellow  flowers  in  the  angles 
of  the  crowded  leaves,  is  of  vigorous  constitution,  and  an  excellent  subject 
for  carpet  beds  or  for  the  rock  garden. 

LYSIMACHIA   STENOSEPALA,   Hemsl. 

The  Garden,  1903,  vol.  Ixiv.  p.  269. 

A  free-growing  Chinese  species,  with  numerous  white  flowers  in  long 
racemes,  introduced  from  the  Province  of  Hupeh. 

MECONOPSIS    HENEICI,  Franch. 

A  dwarf -growing  species  with  scapes  seldom  exceeding  1  ft.  in  height. 
The  flowers  3  to  4  in.  in  diameter,  of  an  intense  violet-purple  colour, 

423 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

usually  borne  singly,  but  occasionally  two  or  more  are  produced  on  one 
flower-stem.  The  leaves  narrow,  oblong-obtuse,  glabrous,  more  or  less 
covered  with  brownish  spinescent  hair. 

A  native  of  the  grasslands  of  the  Chino-Tibetan  frontier,  at  elevations 
of  11,000-14,000  ft.,  first  met  with  by  Prince  Henri  d'Orleans  and 
subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality. 

MECONOPSIS   INTEGKIFOLIA,  Franch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxvi.  p.  240,  fig.  97,  and  suppl.   illus.  ;  id.  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  291, 
fig.  121 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  8027 ;  Die  Gartenwelt,  1905,  Jahrgang,  ix.  p.  534,  col.  pi. 

Meconopsis  integrifolia  was  first  discovered  by  the  Kussian,  Przewalski, 
who  sent  herbarium  specimens  to  Maximowicz,  and  he  named  them 
Cathcartia  integrifolia  ;  Franchet  subsequently,  however,  noticed  that  the 
dehiscence  of  the  capsule  excluded  the  plant  from  that  genus,  and  he 
named  it  Meconopsis  integrifolia  ;  the  honour  of  first  flowering  in  Europe 
this  plant  is  to  M.  Maurice  de  Vilmorin,  a  principal  in  the  great  seed 
house  on  the  Quai  de  la  Megisserie. 

A  Meconopsis  of  which  there  is  a  coloured  plate  in  Flora  &  Sylva,  1905, 
vol.  iii.  p.  80,  named  M.  integrifolia,  is  not  the  plant  of  which  Franchet 
writes  in  Plantm  Delavayance  : — 

"  La  plante  du  Yunnan  ressemble  absolument  a  celle  du  Kansu,  dont 
M.  Maximowicz  a  communique  un  exemplaire  a  1'herbier  du  Museum. 
Le  mode  de  dehiscence  de  la  capsule  ne  permet  pas  de  la  considerer 
comme  une  espece  du  genre  Cathcartia,  ainsi  que  1'avait  pense  M.  Maxi- 
mowicz auquel  du  reste  les  fruits  du  M.  integrifolia  etaient  demeures 
incornus. 

"  La  plante  ressemble  singuilierement  au  M.  simplicifolia,  Hook,  et 
Thomps. ;  mais  les  tiges  sont  constamment  pluriflores  et  la  portion 
retre*cie  constituant  le  style  est  tres  raccourcie." 

The  plant  referred  to  as  La  plante  du  Yunnan  was  received  with  301 
other  packets  by  M.  de  Vilmorin  on  March  28th  1895  from  Abbe  Farges 
Tchein-keon — Eastern  Schezuan :  packet  1,102  was  distributed  in  three 
directions,  and  the  seed  differently  treated,  and  at  Les  Barres,  the  country 
mansion  of  M.  de  Vilmorin  par  Nogent-sur-Vernisson,  Loiret,  a  plant 
flowered  in  April  1896 — a  photograph  of  that  plant  is  before  the  writer. 
Others  kept  in  pots  remained  small  and  did  not  bloom  till  1897  ;  in  every 
case,  hand  pollination  proved  unsuccessful — and  the  plant  was  lost  until 
distributed  in  1905  by  the  Veitchian  firm. 

MECONOPSIS   PUNICEA,  Maxim. 

Gard.  Chron.  1904,  vol.  xxxvi.  p.  282,  fig.  130;  Flora  and  Sylva,  1905,  vol.  iii.  p.  84. 
A  hardy  Alpine  from  the  Tibetan  frontier  through  Wilson,  first  flowered 
at  Langley  in  September  1904. 

424 


MECONOPSIS      INTEGK1FOLIA 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

The  plant,  of  tufted  habit  with  lanceolate  or  ovate-lanceolate  leaves, 
tapering  at  both  ends,  is  covered  with  straggling  yellow  hair.  The  flowers, 
deep  reddish -purple  in  colour,  nod  on  scapes  7  to  8  in.  long,  and  are  6  to 
7  in.  in  diameter. 

Pound  in  company  with  Meconopsis  integrifolia  on  a  pass  12,500  ft. 
high,  between  the  Provinces  of  Szechuan  and  Kansu,  the  watershed  of  the 
Yellow  and  Yangtsze  rivers. 

Plants  remain  in  flower  for  several  weeks — usually  three  blooms  open 
at  one  time ;  the  most  congenial  treatment  is  as  for  M.  integrifolia. 

MIMULUS   LUTEUS,  L.,  var.  ALPINUS. 

Syns.  M.  cupreus,  Regel ;  M.  variegatus,  Loddiges. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  530  (Note  on  Exhibit)  ;  Veitch  in  Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  2;  Bot. 
Mag.  t.  5478  ;  Fl.  Mag.  1862,  pi.  70. 

This  species,  found  at  elevations  of  6,000-7,000  ft.,  sent  from  the 
Chilian  Andes  by  Eichard  Pearce,  is  the  origin  of  a  beautiful  race  of 
hybrids  known  as  Mimulus  maculosus. 

MIMULUS   EADICANS,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  21,  fig. 

An  attractive  perennial  bog  plant  from  New  Zealand :  the  stems  creep- 
ing with  short  leafy  branched  densely  packed  leaves ;  the  flowers  white 
with  a  violet  blotch. 

MONAEDELLA  MACEANTHA,  A.  Gray. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6270. 

A  highly  aromatic  plant  from  seed  received  from  California  in  1875,  of 
a  spreading  tufted  habit ;  the  bright  scarlet  flowers  in  close  terminal 
heads. 

NEPETA   WILSONI,  Duthie. 

A  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  2  to  2f  ft.  high,  produces  flower  in 
whorls  of  a  rich  deep  blue  colour,  introduced  from  Sungpan  in  the 
extreme  west  of  China  by  Wilson,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  at 
Coombe  in  August  1905. 

NIEEEMBEEGIA   EIVULAEIS,  Miers. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5608 ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  with  fig. 

A  trailing  perennial,  commonly  known  as  the  "  Trailing  Cup  Plant," 
introduced  from  La  Plata  in  1866. 

Common  on  the  banks  of  the  Plate  Eiver,  within  high-tide  mark,  the 
flowers  rise  above  the  dwarf  grass  and  may  be  discerned  from  a  great 
distance. 

425 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

The  plant,  of  tufted  habit  with  lanceolate  or  ovate-lanceolate  leaves, 
tapering  at  both  ends,  is  covered  with  straggling  yellow  hair.  The  flowers, 
deep  reddish-purple  in  colour,  nod  on  scapes  7  to  8  in.  long,  and  are  6  to 
7  in.  in  diameter. 

Found  in  company  with  Meconopsis  integrifolia  on  a  pass  12,500  ft. 
high,  between  the  Provinces  of  Szechuan  and  Kansu,  the  watershed  of  the 
Yellow  and  Yangtsze  rivers. 

Plants  remain  in  flower  for  several  weeks — usually  three  blooms  open 
at  one  time ;  the  most  congenial  treatment  is  as  for  M.  integrifolia. 

MIMULUS   LUTEUS,  L.,  var.  ALPINUS. 

Syns.  M.  cupreus,  Regel ;  M.  variegatus,  Loddiges. 

Gard.  Chron.  1861,  p.  530  (Note  on  Exhibit)  ;  Veitch  in  Gard.  Chron.  1864,  p.  2;  Bot. 
Mag.  t.  5478  ;  PI.  Mag.  1862,  pi.  70. 

This  species,  found  at  elevations  of  6,000-7,000  ft.,  sent  from  the 
Chilian  Andes  by  Eichard  Pearce,  is  the  origin  of  a  beautiful  race  of 
hybrids  known  as  Mimulus  maculosus. 

MIMULUS   EADICANS,  Hook. 

Gard.  Chron.  1883,  vol.  xx.  p.  21,  fig. 

An  attractive  perennial  bog  plant  from  New  Zealand :  the  stems  creep- 
ing with  short  leafy  branched  densely  packed  leaves ;  the  flowers  white 
with  a  violet  blotch. 

MONAKDELLA  MACEANTHA,  A.  Gray. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6270. 

A  highly  aromatic  plant  from  seed  received  from  California  in  1875,  of 
a  spreading  tufted  habit ;  the  bright  scarlet  flowers  in  close  terminal 
heads. 

NEPETA   WILSONI,  Dutkie. 

A  hardy  herbaceous  perennial  2  to  2f  ft.  high,  produces  flower  in 
whorls  of  a  rich  deep  blue  colour,  introduced  from  Sungpan  in  the 
extreme  west  of  China  by  Wilson,  and  flowered  for  the  first  time  at 
Coombe  in  August  1905. 

NIEEEMBEEGIA   EIVULAEIS,  Miers. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5608  ;  Veitchs'  Catlg.  of  PI.  1867,  with  fig. 

A  trailing  perennial,  commonly  known  as  the  "  Trailing  Cup  Plant," 
introduced  from  La  Plata  in  1866. 

Common  on  the  banks  of  the  Plate  Eiver,  within  high-tide  mark,  the 
flowers  rise  above  the  dwarf  grass  and  may  be  discerned  from  a  great 
distance. 

425 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

NIEREMBERGIA   VEITCHII,  Berkeley. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5599 ;  PI.  and  Pom.  1872,  p.  141,  fig. 

A  dwarf  hardy  perennial  from  Tucuman  in  South  America,  with  cam- 
panulate  flowers  on  a  tube  \  to  f  in.  long,  white  or  pale  lilac,  a  charming 
dwarf  border  subject. 

NOLANA    LANCEOLATA,  Miers. 

Syns.  Sorema  lanceol.ata,  Miers. 
Bot.  Mag.  t.  5327  ;  Hooker's  Lond.  Jour,  of  Bot.  1845,  vol.  iv.  p.  493. 

This  handsome  compact-growing  annual,  with  large  flowers  bright  blue 
in  colour  with  a  white  centre,  is  a  form  of  the  Chilian  Bellflower 
discovered  by  Mr.  Cuming  at  Coquimbo,  in  Chili,  and  later  introduced 
from  the  same  locality. 

(ENOTHEEA   BISTORTA,  Nutt.  MS.,  var.  VEITCHIANA. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5078. 

A  native  of  South  California  introduced  through  William  Lobb  in 
1858. 

Of  dwarf  habit,  the  flowers  large,  in  copious  succession  on  the  racemes, 
bright  yellow  in  colour  with  a  deep  bronze-orange  or  blood-red  spot  at 
the  base. 

OMPHALODES    KRAMERI,  Franch.  &  Sav. 

The  Garden,  1881,  vol.  xix.  p.  411  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Meeting). 

A  beautiful  little  herbaceous  plant  with  flowers  in  clusters,  Forget-me- 
not  in  shape,  deep  blue  in  colour,  about  f  in.  in  diameter ;  a  native 
of  Japan,  first  flowered  in  1881. 

OSTROWSKYA   MAGNIFICA,  Regel. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  7472 ;  The  Garden,  1888,  vol.  xxxiv.  p.  604,   pi.  681 ;  Gard.  Chron.  1888, 

vol.  iv.  pp.  16,  65,  fig.  6. 

Discovered  in  Eastern  Bokhara  at  an  elevation  of  7,000  ft.  by  Albert, 
son  of  Dr.  Regel,  long  the  able  Director  of  the  Imperial  Botanic  Gardens, 
St.  Petersburg.  The  honour  of  first  flowering  this  magnificent  plant  in 
Europe  is  to  Herr  Max  Leitchlin,  in  whose  garden  at  Baden  Baden  it 
bloomed  in  1887,  and  also  for  the  first  time  in  England  at  Coombe  in  the 
following  year. 

OURISIA    COCCINEA,  Pers. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  5335;  Gard.   Chron.   1849,   p.  564;  id.  1862,  p.  398  (advt).  ;  Nieh.  Diet. 

Gard.  fig. 

A  hardy  perennial  with  bright  scarlet,  drooping,  tubular  flowers,  native 
of  the  Andes  of  Chili  introduced  through  William  Lobb  in  1849. 

426 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

This  truly  lovely  plant,  now  seldom  seen  in  gardens,  other  than  in  choice 
collections,  requires  a  not  too  full  sun  and  a  moist,  well-drained  soil :  it  is 
best  in  masses. 

OUEISIA   PEAECEI,  Phillip. 

PI.  Mag.  t.  154;  Proc.  E.H.S.  vol.  iii.  p.  227;  Gard  Chron.  1863,  p.  439. 

Introduced  from  the  Chilian  Andes  through  Richard  Pearce,  and  flowered 
in  May  1863. 

In  general  as  the  better-known  Ourisia  coccinea,  the  leaves  are  flatter, 
more  regularly  ovate  and  crenate  ;  the  flowers  larger,  with  a  longer  tube, 
more  spreading  lip,  in  colour  crimson,  the  limb  streaked  with  the  deepest 
blood  red. 

OXALIS   ELEGANS,  H.  B.  K. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  4490 ;  Paxt.  Mag.  Bot.  vol.  xvi.  p.  258. 

A  native  of  the  Andes  of  Loxa  in  Columbia,  bordering  on  Peru,  usually 
found  at  elevations  of  nearly  7,000  ft.  First  detected  by  Humboldt  in 
this  locality,  and  subsequently  introduced  to  cultivation  by  William 
Lobb. 

OXALIS   VALDIVIENSIS,  Veitch. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  550  (Notice  of  Exhibit) ;  Regel's  Gartenflora,  626. 

A  charming  annual  from  Chili,  with  yellow  flowers  streaked  with  red 
on  the  outside,  hardy  during  the  summer  months  and  suitable  for  green- 
house culture  in  the  winter. 

P^EONIA   OBOVATA,  Maxim. 

Baker  in  Gard.  Chron.  1884,  vol.  xxi.  p.  779. 

This  fine  Paeony,  first  discovered  by  the  Eussian  explorer,  Dr.  Alexander 
Tartarinov,  near  Pekin,  and  afterwards  collected  by  several  later  travellers, 
was  introduced  to  cultivation  through  Wilson,  who  sent  seeds  collected 
in  the  Province  of  Hupeh  in  1900. 

A  strong-growing  herbaceous  Paeony,  a  perennial,  about  2  ft.  high, 
with  red-purple  flowers  as  large  as  those  of  the  common  garden  type 
(Paeonia  officinalis). 

PALAVA  DISSECTA,  Benth. 

Syns.  P.  fiexuosa,  Mast. 
Gard.  ChroTj.  1866,  p.  435;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5768. 

A  half-hardy  annual  discovered  in  the  valley  of  San  Lorenzo,  in  Peru, 
by  Mr.  McLean,  of  Lima,  about  the  year  1810.  Nothing  further  was 
known  until  Pearce  sent  home  seed  from  which  plants  raised  flowered  at 
Chelsea  in  1868. 

427 


HORTUS    VEITCHII 

The  leaves  obovate-oblong,  irregularly  toothed,  narrowed  at  the  base,  are 
slightly  farinose,  the  flowers  in  successive  whorls  as  in  P.  japonica,  but 
the  plant  is  of  more  slender  growth. 

PRIMULA   COBTUSOIDES,  L.,  var.  AMGBNA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  1218;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  5528;  PI.  Mag.  1865,  t.  249. 

A  variety  with  larger  flowers  of  a  deeper,  brighter  shade  of  colour 
than  the  type,  introduced  from  Japan  through  the  late  John  Gould 
Veitch,  and  a  very  pretty  form. 

PRIMULA  CORTUSOIDES,   L.,  var.   GRANDIFLORA,  Hort.  Veitch. 

The  Florist,  1870,  p.  193. 

Introduced  from  Japan  by  the  late  John  Gould  Veitch,  this  Primula 
in  style  and  habit  of  growth  resembles  P.  cortusoides  amcena.  The 
flowers,  however,  larger  than  those  of  that  variety,  are  concave  or  cup- 
shaped,  slightly  drooping.  The  exterior  is  of  a  pleasing  deep  rose  colour, 
the  interior  nearly  white. 

PRIMULA   CORTUSOIDES,  L.,  var.  STRICTA. 

Gard.  Chron.  1862,  p.  1218. 

A  variety  with  smaller  flowers  than  those  of  Primula  cortusoides  amoena, 
delicate  pink  in  colour  striped  with  crimson. 

PRIMULA  DEFLEXA,  Duthie. 

Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  332  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 

A  charming  alpine  species  raised  from  seed  collected  in  the  high 
mountainous  regions  of  Talien-lu,  Western  China,  in  1903. 

It  forms  a  small  tufted  plant  with  leaves  about  4  in.  in  length,  hairy  on 
both  surfaces,  irregularly  dentate  along  the  margin.  The  slender  flower- 
scapes  about  1  ft.  high,  bear  at  the  apex  a  dense  head  or  capitulum 
of  dark  blue  or  purple  flowers,  about  £  in.  in  length,  pointed  downwards. 
The  interior  of  the  corolla  limb,  some  ^  in.  in  diameter,  is  dusted  with  a 
white  farina. 

PRIMULA  DENTICULATA,  Sm. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  3959. 

A  native  of  Northern  India,  whence  seeds  were  sent  to  the  Veitchian 
people  by  the  Directors  of  the  Honourable  the  East  India  Company, 
through  the  medium  of  Dr.  Royle,  and  plants  first  flowered  in  a  cool 
greenhouse,  were  exhibited  in  March  1842  before  the  Horticultural  Society 
of  London. 

430 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

PEIMULA   NIVALIS,  Pall,  var.  FAKINOSA,  Schrenck. 
Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  332  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 
A  form  of  the  type  differing  in  having  the  stems  and  the  under  surfaces 
of  the  leaves  mealy,  and  flowers  of  a  beautiful  blue  colour,  dotted  with 
white  farina  on  the  limb.     A  native  of  Western  China,  discovered  and 
introduced  through  Wilson,  the  flowers  first  opening  at  Coombe  Wood  in 
May  1905. 

PEIMULA   OVALIFOLIA,  Franch. 

Jour.   R.H.S.  1903,  vol.   xxviii.  pt.  i.   p.  64;    Gard.   Chron.   1905,  vol.  xxxviii.  p.  62, 

suppl.  illus. 

A  beautiful  species,  native  of  the  mountainous  regions  of  Central  and 
Western  China,  introduced  through  Wilson. 

Seed,  sent  in  quantity,  failed  to  germinate,  but  plants  brought  home  in 
1901  flowered  in  March  1905. 

In  a  wild  state  in  masses  in  moist,  shady  woods,  carpeting  the  ground 
with  flower  as  soon  as  the  snow  melts,  as  does  the  common  Primrose 
in  England. 

The  species  remarkable  for  the  deep  violet-purple  flowers,  approaching 
blue,  is  a  very  fine  introduction. 

PEIMULA  PULVEEULENTA,  Duthie. 

Syns.  P.  japonica,  A.  Gray,  var.  pulverulenta,  Duthie. 
Gard.  Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.  p.  301  (Report  of  R.H.S.  Floral  Committee). 

A  very  magnificent  Primula  with  flower  stems  2  to  3  ft.  high,  occupying 
a  high  place  in  the  ranks  of  plants  of  recent  introduction.  The  scape, 
pedicels,  and  calyx  thickly  coated  with  white  farina,  greatly  enhance 
the  appearance  of  the  rich  rose-purple  flower. 

From  the  mountainous  regions  of  Western  China  on  the  borders  of 
Tibet,  flowered  for  the  first  time  at  Coombe  Wood  in  May  1905. 

PEIMULA   PYCNOLOBA,  Bur.  &  Franch. 

This  remarkable  Primrose  found  by  Prince  Henri  d'Orleans  at  Tatien-lu, 
in  the  extreme  west  of  China,  on  the  frontier  of  Tibet,  was  later  introduced 
to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality. 

Of  botanical  rather  than  of  horticultural  interest,  the  flowers  small,  are 
almost  entirely  hidden  by  the  large  leafy  green  calyx.  These  were 
produced  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  at  Coombe  Wood  in  the  spring 
of  1905. 

PEIMQLA  TANGUTICA,  Duthie. 

Gard.    Chron.  1905,    vol.  xxxvii.   p.   301   (Report  of  R.H.S.   Floral   Committee);    id. 
vol.  xxxviii.  p.  42,  fig.  17 ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  8043. 

A  remarkable  Primrose  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same  district 
and  first  flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  in  May  1905. 

431 


HORTUS   VEITCHII 

The  flowers  in  whorls  on  an  erect  scape  about  1  ft.  in  height,  are 
remarkable  for  a  deep  maroon  colour,  unlike  anything  in  the  genus 
previously  known.  The  petals  long,  strap-shaped,  are,  when  the  flowers 
have  fully  expanded,  reflexed,  as  in  the  Cyclamen.  Although  of  small 
size,  they  are  strongly  perfumed. 

The  plant  was  discovered  by  Wilson  growing  abundantly  in  open  grassy 
places,  at  elevations  of  11,000-13,000  ft.  on  the  mountains  of  Szechuan, 
Western  China. 

PEIMULA  VEITCHII,  Duthie. 

Gard.   Chron.  1905,   vol.   xxxvii.  p.   301  (Report  of   R.H.S.    Floral   Committee)  ;   id. 
p.  344,  siippl.  illus.  ;  Bot.  Mag.  t.  8051. 

A  species  from  Western  China  introduced  through  Wilson,  flowered  at 
Coombe  Wood  for  the  first  time  in  May  1905. 

In  general  appearance  this  Primrose  somewhat  resembles  Primula 
cortusoides,  but  is  botanically  quite  distinct.  The  leaves  are  petiolate, 
elegantly  crenate  along  the  margin,  densely  hairy  on  the  under  surface. 

The  flower-scape  is  1  ft.  high,  terminated  by  a  cluster  of  richly  coloured 
rose-purple  blooms,  similar  in  appearance  to  the  improved  varieties  of 
P.  obconica,  about  twenty  in  each  cluster. 

PEIMULA  VIOLODOEA,  Dunn. 
Dunn  in  Gard.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxii.  p.  129. 

A  species  closely  related  to  the  Himalayan  Primula  mollis,  from  which 
species  however  readily  distinguished  by  the  colour  and  shape  of  the 
calyx.  The  flowers  mauve,  have,  especially  in  the  evening,  a  delicate 
scent,  resembling  the  violet. 

It  was  introduced  from  Central  China. 

PEIMULA  VITTATA,  Bur.  &  Fr. 

Gard.   Chron.  1905,  vol.  xxxvii.   p.    332  (Report  of  R.H.S.    Floral   Committee)  ;    id. 

p.  390,  fig.  165. 

A  species  from  Western  China  of  the  same  habit  of  growth  as  Primula 
sikkimensis,  from  which  it  differs  in  having  rich  rose-purple  drooping 
flowers. 

The  appearance  of  the  calyx,  a  striking  feature,  suggested  the  specific 
name.  The  whole  of  the  upper  part  of  the  scape,  the  pedicels,  and 
calyx  are  covered  with  a  thick  white  farina,  except  for  five  longitudinal 
stripes  on  the  latter  corresponding  to  the  sepals,  of  a  brownish  hue  and 
very  conspicuous. 

Introduced  to  cultivation  and  first  flowered  at  Coombe  Wood  in  May 
1905. 

432 


HERBACEOUS   PLANTS 

PRIMULA   WILSONI,  Dunn. 
Card.  Chron.  1902,  vol.  xxxi.  p.  413. 

Discovered  in  Yunnan.  South  China,  by  Pere  Delavay  and  Dr.  Henry, 
and  introduced  to  cultivation  from  the  same  locality. 

Of  the  section  of  the  genus  of  which  Primula  japonica  is  an  example, 
it  is  intermediate  in  habit  between  that  species  and  the  Javanese  P. 
imperialis. 

The  flowers  are  about  1  in.  in  diameter,  reddish-purple  in  colour,  sweet- 
scented,  in  whorls  of  five  or  six  each. 

RANUNCULUS  LYALLII,   Hook.  f. 

Bot.  Mag.  t.  6888;  Masters  in  Gard.  Chron.  1881,  vol.  xv.  p.  724,  fig.  131  ;  The  Garden, 
1879,  vol.  xv.  p.  391,  with  fig. 

This  beautiful  buttercup,  justly  called  the  monarch  of  the  genus, 
commonly  known  as  the  "  Rookwood  Lily,"  or  "Mountain  Lily,"  was  first 
discovered  by  Dr.  Lyall  on  the  west  coast  of  the  Southern  Island  of 
New  Zealand,  during  an  exploring  expedition,  between  the  years  1847- 
1849.  A  difficult  plant  to  cultivate,  many  thousands  of  seeds  sent  have 
failed  to  germinate,  nor  will  they  grow  on  the  plains  of  New  Zealand. 

The  late  Mr.  Anderson  Henry,  said  to  have  flowered  the  plant  before 
1864,  remarked  that  the  seeds  remained  dormant  for  four  or  five  years. 

Messrs.  Veitch  imported  it  in  quantity  from  New  Zealand  through 
Peter  C.  M.  Veitch,  succeeded  in  flowering  it  in  May  1879,  and  exhibited 
it  before  the  Royal  Horticultural  Society. 

RICHARDIA  HASTATA,   Hook. 

Syns.  Calla  ?  oculata,  Lindl. 

Gard.  Chron.  1859,  p.  788 ;  The  Garden,  1880,  vol.  xviii.  pi.  cclxi.  p.  596 ;  Bot.  Mag. 
t.  5